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1.
Orthop Surg ; 2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33943016

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the methods and outcomes of hip arthroscopy for hip labrum calcification, and to discuss the clinical, imaging, and intraoperative findings of hip labrum calcification. METHODS: This is a therapeutic case series study. From January 2015 to June 2018, 15 patients who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were followed up for at least 2 years for an analysis on the outcomes of arthroscopy in the treatment of hip labrum calcification and the clinical, imaging, and intraoperative findings of the patients. There were eight males and seven females, with an average age of 38.9 ± 8.8 years (range, 23-50 years). The visual analog scale (VAS), the modified Harris hip score (mHSS), and the international hip outcome tool (iHOT-12) were used to evaluate the outcomes of surgery. RESULTS: A total of 15 patients were followed up for at least 2 years (28.1 ± 2.9 months). The average calcified volume was 118.0 mm3 (range, 19.4-609.2 mm3 ) and calcified volume was related to the preoperative hip function score. Thirteen patients had pain in the groin area (86.7%). Labrum calcifications were located (according to the clock distribution) as follows: 14 patients were anterior and superior (11:00-3:00); 12 cases of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) were observed during operation, including five cases of pincer type, two cases of cam type, and five cases of mixed type. VAS pain score means were 7.73 ± 1.28 before surgery, decreasing to 2.0 ± 0.89 and 1.73 ± 0.79 at 1 and 2 years post-surgery, respectively. mHSS scores were 57.40 ± 6.23 before surgery and 82.10 ± 4.76 and 83.18 ± 4.07, 1 and 2 years post-surgery, respectively; iHOT-12 mean score pre-surgery was 37.67 ± 4.85, increasing to 67.64 ± 5.30 and 72.18 ± 4.49, 1 and 2 years post-surgery, respectively. Compared with preoperative values, postoperative VAS, mHSS, and iHOT-12 scores were significantly improved (P < 0.01); iHOT-12 scores also significantly decreased from 1 to 2 years postoperatively (P = 0.034). No patient had complications. CONCLUSION: Hip arthroscopy is an effective method for the treatment of hip labrum calcification. The size of calcification influenced preoperative symptoms and function. Long-term irritation from FAI may be one important cause of labrum calcification.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33821442

RESUMO

Microwave-assisted catalytic oxidation technology has become an effective technology for rapid removal of organic pollutants in wastewater. In this research, the removal of methyl orange (MO) from aqueous solution by CuFe2O4 loaded on carbon nanotubes (CuFe2O4/CNTs) under microwave irradiation was studied. The effects of different loadings (1:2, 1:4, 1:8) of CuFe2O4 on the dielectric loss, magnetic loss, dielectric loss factor, magnetic loss factor, and reflection loss of composite materials were studied. The results showed that the microwave adsorption performance was improved by loading CuFe2O4 on CNTs. These different composites were further characterized by SEM, FTIR, and XRD techniques. In addition, this article also studied the effects of different microwave irradiation time, pH, and ionic factors on the degradation of MO. In particular, the mechanism of MO degradation by composite materials under different pH conditions was also studied in detail. The results showed that the removal rate reaches 97% with 5 min under the best conditions, and the composite material had good anti-interference performance. This study may provide a new option to degrade organic dye in wastewater treating.

3.
Microb Drug Resist ; 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33877915

RESUMO

Proteus vulgaris is an important foodborne opportunistic pathogen, both environmentally and clinically. The use of appropriate antibiotics has significant therapeutic effects, but has led to the emergence and spread of drug-resistant strains. In this study, a P. vulgaris strain, designated "P3M," was isolated from Penaeus vannamei in Tianjin, China. The whole genome of P3M was sequenced, generating detailed information, including the key genes involved in important metabolic pathways and their physiological functions. A total of 218 antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) were predicted in the genome. The determination of various minimum inhibitory concentrations indicated that P3M is a multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacterium, with significant resistance to 16 antibiotics in seven categories. Determination of fractional inhibitory concentration index showed that the combination of ciprofloxacin plus tetracycline exhibited synergistic antimicrobial activity. Bioinformatics and phylogenetic analyses detected the presence of two two-component systems that mediate multidrug resistance and several mobile genetic elements involved in the horizontal transfer of ARGs in P3M. P. vulgaris strains represent a serious challenge to clinicians and infection control teams for its ubiquity worldwide and close relevance with human life. To the best of our knowledge, we report the first isolation and characterization of an important foodborne MDR P. vulgaris strain, and this study will provide necessary theoretical basis for the selection and clinical use of the appropriate antibiotics.

4.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 163: 276-284, 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33872832

RESUMO

In plants, although KNOX genes are known to regulate secondary cell wall (SCW) formation, their protein-regulating mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here, we showed that GhKNL1, which regulates SCW formation and fiber development in cotton, could interact with an IQ67 domain containing protein (GhIQD14) in yeast. Confocal observation showed that GhIQD14 was localized to the microtubules. In Arabidopsis, ectopic expression of GhIQD14 caused hypocotyls to be sensitive to microtubule depolymerization agent, organ twisting of seedlings, trichomes, rosette leaves, and capsules, as well as severely irregular xylem vessels and thicker interfascicular fiber cell walls in the inflorescence stem. Furthermore, we found that GhIQD14 interacted with AtKNAT7 in vivo, and instantaneous co-expression of GhIQD14 and AtKNAT7 in tobacco showed that GhIQD14 weakened the distribution of AtKNAT7 in the nucleus, bringing it into the microtubules, thus affecting the SCW formation related genes expression. Our results suggested that GhIQD14 might be involved in the morphological development and SCW formation in cotton.

5.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832282

RESUMO

An increasing number of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene fusion variants have been reported with the popularity of next-generation sequencing (NGS), such as striatin gene (STRN)-ALK, EMAP like 4 (EML4)-ALK and S1 RNA binding domain 1 (SRBD1)-ALK. The clinical outcomes of nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients improved dramatically with the treatment of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), but responses to ALK-TKIs differ even for the same fusion variants with different breakpoints. The clinical effectiveness of ALK-TKIs on a new fusion variant needs to be evaluated. Here, we report a case of a lung adenocarcinoma patient, a 70-year-old nonsmoking Chinese man, with rare ALK rearrangement form of, namely, a kinesin family member 5B (KIF5B)-ALK (K20:A20) fusion which was identified in tissue by capture-based NGS. The patient achieved a partial response (PR) after treatment with crizotinib. Additionally, an ALK L1196M mutation was detected when the disease progressed after 11 months and was indicated to be sensitive to ceritinib. As far as we know, this is the first report showing that KIF5B-ALK (K20:A20) is a fusion variant that is sensitive to crizotinib. We provided a treatment strategy for managing NSCLC patients with KIF5B-ALK (K20:A20) fusion or ALK L1196M mutation after crizotinib resistance. Additionally, dynamic genomic analysis of ALK-TKIs treatments is important.

6.
Biomolecules ; 11(4)2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915924

RESUMO

Sphingolipids are essential membrane components and signal molecules, but their regulatory role in cotton embryo growth is largely unclear. In this study, we evaluated the effects of treatment with the sphingolipid synthesis inhibitor fumonisin B1 (FB1), the serine palmityl transferase (SPT) inhibitor myriocin, the SPT sphingolipid product DHS (d18:0 dihydrosphingosine), and the post-hydroxylation DHS product PHS (t18:0 phytosphingosine) on embryo growth in culture, and performed comparative transcriptomic analysis on control and PHS-treated samples. We found that FB1 could inhibit cotton embryo development. At the five-day ovule/embryo developmental stage, PHS was the most abundant sphingolipid. An SPT enzyme inhibitor reduced the fresh weight of embryos, while PHS had the opposite effect. The transcriptomic analysis identified 2769 differentially expressed genes (1983 upregulated and 786 downregulated) in the PHS samples. A large number of transcription factors were highly upregulated, such as zinc finger, MYB, NAC, bHLH, WRKY, MADS, and GRF in PHS-treated samples compared to controls. The lipid metabolism and plant hormone (auxin, brassinosteroid, and zeatin) related genes were also altered. Our findings provide target metabolites and genes for cotton seed improvement.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33921784

RESUMO

Shortening of the gestational duration has been found associated with ambient air pollution exposure. However, the critical exposure windows of ambient air pollution for gestational duration remain inconsistent, and the association between ambient air pollution and early term births (ETB, 37 to 38 weeks) has rarely been studied relative to preterm births (PTB, 28-37 weeks). A time-series study was conducted in Shiyan, a medium-sized city in China. Birth information was collected from the Shiyan Maternity and Child Health Hospital, and 13,111 pregnant women who gave birth between 2015 and 2017 were included. Data of the concentrations of air pollutants, including PM10, PM2.5, NO2, and SO2 and meteorological data, were collected in the corresponding gestational period. The Cox regression analysis was performed to estimate the relationship between ambient air pollution exposure and the risk of preterm birth after controlling the confounders, including maternal age, education, Gravidity, parity, fetal gender, and delivery mode. Very preterm birth (VPTB, 28-32 weeks) as a subtype of PTB was also incorporated in this study. The risk of VPTB and ETB was positively associated with maternal ambient air pollution exposure, and the correlation of gaseous pollutants was stronger than particulate matter. With respect to exposure windows, the critical trimester of air pollutants for different adverse pregnancy outcomes was different. The exposure windows of PM10, PM2.5, and SO2 for ETB were found in the third trimester, with HRs (hazard ratios) of 1.06 (95%CI: 1.04, 1.09), 1.07 (95%CI: 1.04, 1.11), and 1.28 (95%CI: 1.20, 1.35), respectively. However, for NO2, the second and third trimesters exhibited similar results, the HRs reaching 1.10 (95%CI: 1.03, 6.17) and 1.09 (95%CI: 1.03,1.15), respectively. This study extends and strengthen the evidence for a significant correlation between the ambient air pollution exposure during pregnancy and the risk of not only PTB but, also, ETB. Moreover, our findings suggest that the exposure windows during pregnancy vary with different air pollutants and pregnancy outcomes.

8.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 8197, 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33854171

RESUMO

Phenology is an important indicator of global climate change. Revealing the spatiotemporal characteristics of crop phenology is vital for ameliorating the adverse effects of climate change and guiding regional agricultural production. This study evaluated the spatiotemporal variability of soybean's phenological stages and key growth periods, and assessed their sensitivity to key climatic factors, utilizing a long-term dataset (1992-2018) of soybean phenology and associated meteorological data collected at 51 stations across China. The results showed that (1) during the soybean growing seasons from 1992 to 2018, the average temperature (0.34 ± 0.09 â„ƒ decade-1) and cumulative precipitation (6.66 ± 0.93 mm decade-1) increased, but cumulative sunshine hours (- 33.98 ± 1.05 h decade-1) decreased. (2) On a national scale, dates of sowing, emergence, trifoliate, anthesis, and podding of soybean were delayed, while the maturity date showed an advancing trend. The vegetative growth period (- 0.52 ± 0.24 days decade-1) and whole growth period (- 1.32 ± 0.30 days decade-1) of soybean were shortened, but the reproductive growth period (0.05 ± 0.26 days decade-1) was slightly extended. Trends in soybean phenological stages and key growth periods diverged in regions. Soybean phenological stages were delayed in Huang-Huai-Hai soybean zone, whereas advanced in southern soybean zone. Moreover, the key growth periods were greatly shortened in northern soybean zone. (3) In general, the sensitivity of soybean key growth periods to temperature was negative, whereas those to precipitation and sunshine hours differed among regions. In particular, most phenological stages were negatively sensitive to sunshine hours. Our results will provide scientific support for decision-making in agricultural production practices.

9.
BMC Urol ; 21(1): 49, 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775245

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is one of the best-characterized and most pervasive renal cancers. The present study aimed to explore the effects and potential mechanisms of let-7i-5p in ccRCC cells. METHODS: Using bioinformatics analyses, we investigated the expression of let-7i-5p in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and predicted biological functions and possible target genes of let-7i-5p in ccRCC cells. Cell proliferation assay, wound healing assay and transwell invasion assay were conducted to characterize the effects of let-7i-5p in ccRCC cells. To verify the interactions between let-7i-5p and HABP4, dual-luciferase reporter assay, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and western blotting were conducted. Rescue experiments were used to investigate the relationship between let-7i-5p and HABP4. RESULTS: TCGA data analysis revealed that ccRCC tissues had significantly increased let-7i-5p expression, which was robustly associated with poor overall survival. Further verification showed that ccRCC cell proliferation, migration and invasion were inhibited by let-7i-5p inhibitor but enhanced by let-7i-5p mimics. Subsequently, HABP4 was predicted to be the target gene of let-7i-5p. TCGA data showed that ccRCC tissues had decreased expression of HABP4 and that HABP4 expression was negatively correlated with let-7i-5p. Further verification showed that downregulation of HABP4 expression promoted cell proliferation, migration and invasion. The dual-luciferase reporter gene assay suggested that the let-7i-5p/HABP4 axis was responsible for the development of ccRCC. CONCLUSION: Our results provide evidence that let-7i-5p functions as a tumor promoter in ccRCC and facilitates cell proliferation, migration and invasion by targeting HABP4. These results clarify the pathogenesis of ccRCC and offer a potential target for its treatment.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656630

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to explore the feasibility of using a non-sedation protocol for the evaluation of neonatal congenital heart disease by using 16-cm wide-detector CT with a low radiation dose. Thirty-four neonates (group 1) were enrolled to undergo cardiac CT without sedation between August 2018 and March 2019. The control group (group 2) comprising 20 inpatient neonates was sedated. Cardiac CT was performed using 16-cm area detector 320-row CT with free breathing and prospective ECG-triggering scan mode. The examination completion time, radiation dose, and image quality were compared between the groups. The results of cardiac CT for patients in group 1 who underwent surgery were compared with surgical findings. Intergroup differences in body weight, age, examination completion time, radiation dose, and image quality evaluation were not significant. There was no significant difference in oxygen saturation before and after the examination in group 1. In all, 98 separate cardiovascular abnormalities in 27 group 1 patients were confirmed using surgical reports. The overall sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of cardiac CT were 94.90%, 100.0%, 100.0%, and 98.53%. The non-sedation protocol can be applied in neonates with congenital heart disease by using 16-cm wide-detector CT with a low radiation dose. Based on the image quality obtained, non-sedative examination did not extend the examination completion time and helped avoid the possible side effects of sedative drugs.

11.
J Hand Surg Am ; 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766436

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Current reconstruction strategies for chronic posttraumatic boutonniere deformities have variable outcomes and are prone to complications. This study aimed to describe the clinical outcomes of a Y-shaped tendon graft technique. METHODS: In this retrospective case study, we reviewed the files of 18 patients treated with the Y-shaped tendon graft between January 2010 and January 2017. The technique involves release of the central slip, lateral bands, and transverse retinacular ligaments at the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint, total excision of scar tissue in the central slip and at the insertion site, and construction of 3 1.5-mm unicortical holes at the base of the middle phalanx, through which a Y-shaped graft of the palmaris longus is inserted to reconstruct the central slip and stabilize the lateral bands in a dorsal position. Clinical evaluations included measuring the active range of motion in the PIP joint and distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint, grip strength, Souter score, and the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH) score. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 36.1 years, and 12 of the 18 patients were men. The average follow-up period was 23 months (range, 13-38 months). The preoperative PIP joint extension deficit was 48.0° ± 5.0° compared with 10.9° ± 9.3° after surgery. The preoperative DIP joint active flexion was 34.4° ± 8.0° compared with 71.4° ± 8.6° after surgery The outcomes based on the Souter score were 11 excellent, 5 good, and 2 poor. The QuickDASH score was 17.7 ± 6.4 before surgery and 11.2 ± 7.2 after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The Y-shaped tendon graft can be a useful procedure for the correction of chronic boutonniere deformity; in our patient series, this provided good or excellent results in 16 of 18 patients. Type of study/level of evidence Therapeutic IV.

12.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 182: 113154, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773381

RESUMO

We present herein the very first amperometric biosensor for the quantitative determination of glycine in diverse biological fluids. The biosensor is based on a novel quinoprotein that catalyzes the oxidation of glycine with high specificity. This process is coupled to the redox conversion of Prussian blue in the presence of hydrogen peroxide originating from the enzymatic reaction. The optimized tailoring of the biosensor design consists of the effective encapsulation of the quinoprotein in a chitosan matrix with the posterior addition of an outer Nafion layer, which is here demonstrated to suppress matrix interference. This is particularly important in the case of ascorbic acid, which is known to influence the redox behavior of the Prussian blue. The analytical performance of the biosensor demonstrates fast response time (<7 s), acceptable reversibility, reproducibility, and stability (<6% variation) as well as a wide linear range of response (25-500 µM) that covers healthy (and even most unhealthy) physiological levels of glycine in blood/serum, urine and sweat. A total of 6 real samples from healthy patients and animals were analyzed: two serum, two urine and two sweat samples. The results were validated via commercially available fluorescence kit, displaying discrepancy of less than 9% in all the samples. The unique analytical features and effortless preparation of the new glycine biosensor position it at the forefront of current technologies towards decentralized clinical applications and sport performance monitoring.

13.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 46(6): E364-E373, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33620180

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of 84 patients with spinal metastasis from prostate cancer (SMPCa) was performed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to predict the survival of patients with SMPCa by establishing an effective prognostic nomogram model, associating with the affecting factors and compare its efficacy with the existing scoring models. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most frequently malignant cancer causing death in men, and the spine is the most common site of bone metastatic burden. The aim of this study was to establish a prognostic nomogram for survival prediction of patients with SMPCa, explore associated factors, and compare the effectiveness of the new nomogram prediction model with the existing scoring systems. METHODS: Included in this study were 84 SMPCa patients who were admitted in our spinal tumor center between 2006 and 2018. Their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed by univariate and multivariate analyses to identify independent variables that enabled to predict prognosis. A nomogram, named Changzheng Nomogram for Survival Prediction (CNSP), was established on the basis of preoperative independent variables, and then subjected to bootstrap re-samples for internal validation. The predictive accuracy and discriminative ability were measured by concordance index (C-index). Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis with the corresponding area under the ROC was used to estimate the prediction efficacy of CNSP and compare it with the four existing prognostic models Tomita, Tokuhashi, Bauer, and Crnalic. RESULTS: A total of seven independent variables including Gleason score (P = 0.001), hormone refractory (P < 0.001), visceral metastasis (P < 0.001), lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (P = 0.009), prostate-specific antigen (P = 0.018), fPSA/tPSA (P = 0.029), Karnofsky Performance Status (P = 0.039) were identified after accurate analysis, and then entered the nomogram with the C-index of 0.87 (95% confidence interval, 0.84-0.90). The calibration curves for probability of 12-, 24-, and 36-month overall survival (OS) showed good consistency between the predictive risk and the actual risk. Compared with the previous prognostic models, the CNSP model was significantly more effective than the four existing prognostic models in predicting OS of the SMPCa patients (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The overall performance of the CNSP model was satisfactory and could be used to estimate the survival outcome of individual patients more precisely and thus help clinicians design more specific and individualized therapeutic regimens.Level of Evidence: 4.


Assuntos
Nomogramas , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/secundário , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 93: 107406, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33601246

RESUMO

In patients with COVID-19,type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can impair the function of nasal-associated lymphoid tissue (NALT) and result in olfactory dysfunction. Exploring the causative alterations of T2DM within the nasal mucosa and NALT could provide insight into the pathogenic mechanisms and bridge the gap between innate immunity and adaptive immunity for virus clearance. Here, we designed a case-control study to compare the olfactory function (OF) among the groups of normal control (NC), COVID-19 mild pneumonia (MP), and MP patients with T2DM (MPT) after a 6-8 months' recovery, in which MPT had a higher risk of hyposmia than MP and NC. No significant difference was found between the MP and NC. This elevated risk of hyposmia indicated that T2DM increased COVID-19 susceptibility in the nasal cavity with unknown causations. Therefore, we used the T2DM animal model (db/db mice) to evaluate how T2DM increased COVID-19 associated susceptibilities in the nasal mucosa and lymphoid tissues. Db/db mice demonstratedupregulated microvasculature ACE2 expression and significant alterations in lymphocytes component of NALT. Specifically, db/db mice NALT had increased immune-suppressive TCRγδ+ CD4-CD8- T and decreased immune-effective CD4+/CD8+ TCRß+ T cells and decreased mucosa-protective CD19+ B cells. These results indicated that T2DM could dampen the first-line defense of nasal immunity, and further mechanic studies of metabolic damage and NALT restoration should be one of the highest importance for COVID-19 healing.


Assuntos
/imunologia , /imunologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/imunologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/virologia , Adulto , Animais , Linfócitos B/imunologia , /fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade nas Mucosas/imunologia , Tecido Linfoide/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Animais , Mucosa Nasal/imunologia , Mucosa Olfatória/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/imunologia
15.
Exp Anim ; 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33583872

RESUMO

This study was designed to investigate the effects of the Angiotensin II type I receptor (AT1R) shRNA on blood pressure and left ventricular remodeling in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Ten Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats were used as a normal blood pressure control group, and 20 spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were randomly divided into the experimental and hypertension control groups. The rats in the experimental group were injected with AT1R shRNA recombinant adenovirus (Ad5-AT1R-shRNA) via a tail vein, and the rats in the other two groups were injected with recombinant adenovirus (Ad5-EGFP). The systolic blood pressure (SBP) at rat arteria caudalis was measured before and after the injection, and the heart, kidney, aorta, and adrenal tissues were obtained two days after repeated injection to observe the distribution of Ad5-AT1R-shRNA under a fluorescence microscope. Before the injection of Ad5-AT1R-shRNA, the blood pressure of the experimental group and the hypertension control group was significantly higher than that of the normal blood pressure control group (P<0.01). After two injections, the blood pressure in the experimental group decreased significantly, and the duration of blood pressure reduction reached 19 days. In the experimental group, the kidney, heart, aorta, and adrenal gland tissues showed vigorous fluorescence expression under the fluorescence microscope. Repeated administration of Ad5-AT1R-shRNA has a long-lasting hypotensive effect on SHR and can significantly improve ventricular remodeling.

16.
J Hum Lact ; : 890334421991072, 2021 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586488

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 global pandemic, maternal and newborn wellbeing has received much attention. Detailed reports of infected women breastfeeding their infants are uncommon. Due to incomplete information available, full data about those infants' outcomes are lacking, and evidence of infectivity through breastfeeding has not been documented. MAIN ISSUE: Here, we report about a mother who breastfed her infant until she was confirmed with the SARS-Cov-2 infection. After follow-up, we have confirmed that the infant, who was breastfed by the infected mother, was not infected. METHODS: A 33-year-old woman gave birth to a full-term male infant on November 8, 2019. Since birth, she had been exclusively breastfeeding the baby until she was confirmed with the SARS-Cov-2 infection on February 8, 2020. She was hospitalized, isolated from her baby, and stopped breastfeeding. Even though she remained asymptomatic, her milk was expressed using a breast pump and discarded. The mother's milk sample was collected on February 9, 2020, and the result of the nucleic acid test for COVID-19 was negative. Her infant was asymptomatic and remained virus negative. Her laboratory findings and chest Computed Tomography imaging was normal. She was treated according to the national protocol with aerosolized interferon α2ß, lopinavir/ritonavir and ribavirin. Her serum SARS-CoV-2 specific antibodies(IgG and IgM) tested positive when discharged. She returned to breastfeeding after discharge. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that breastfeeding may be less of a risk than anticipated. Additional research is needed to explore this possibility.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538572

RESUMO

The understanding of the structure-reactivity relationship is helpful for the nanocatalyst (NC) design. However, though precisely parse, this information is challenging due to the heterogeneity of NCs and the complex mechanism of energetic charge carrier (e-/h+ pairs) generation and transfer within the catalysts upon light irradiation. Here, the effect of the semiconductor shell on the photocatalytic redox reaction is probed at the single-Ag@TiO2 NC level with single-molecule imaging. By engineering the TiO2 shell thickness, catalytic activities of the NCs are precisely controlled and quantitatively measured to show a parabolic-like distribution with increasing TiO2 thickness. Besides, the varied activity among different NCs and the dynamic activity fluctuation of single NCs during continuous redox conversion are observed. Mathematical analysis indicates that the TiO2 layer affects the activity of the core-shell NCs by simultaneously affecting the fate of photo-induced e-/h+ pairs and hot electrons generated at the Ag core. This work sheds light on molecular-scale elucidation of the impact of metal-semiconductor NC structures on their reactivities.

18.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0242946, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33534826

RESUMO

Emotion states recognition using wireless signals is an emerging area of research that has an impact on neuroscientific studies of human behaviour and well-being monitoring. Currently, standoff emotion detection is mostly reliant on the analysis of facial expressions and/or eye movements acquired from optical or video cameras. Meanwhile, although they have been widely accepted for recognizing human emotions from the multimodal data, machine learning approaches have been mostly restricted to subject dependent analyses which lack of generality. In this paper, we report an experimental study which collects heartbeat and breathing signals of 15 participants from radio frequency (RF) reflections off the body followed by novel noise filtering techniques. We propose a novel deep neural network (DNN) architecture based on the fusion of raw RF data and the processed RF signal for classifying and visualising various emotion states. The proposed model achieves high classification accuracy of 71.67% for independent subjects with 0.71, 0.72 and 0.71 precision, recall and F1-score values respectively. We have compared our results with those obtained from five different classical ML algorithms and it is established that deep learning offers a superior performance even with limited amount of raw RF and post processed time-sequence data. The deep learning model has also been validated by comparing our results with those from ECG signals. Our results indicate that using wireless signals for stand-by emotion state detection is a better alternative to other technologies with high accuracy and have much wider applications in future studies of behavioural sciences.

19.
Theranostics ; 11(5): 2098-2107, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33500713

RESUMO

Rationale: This study aimed to use computed tomography (CT) images to assess PD-L1 expression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and predict response to immunotherapy. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed a PD-L1 expression dataset that consisted of 939 consecutive stage IIIB-IV NSCLC patients with pretreatment CT images. A deep convolutional neural network was trained and optimized with CT images from the training cohort (n = 750) and validation cohort (n = 93) to obtain a PD-L1 expression signature (PD-L1ES), which was evaluated using the test cohort (n = 96). Finally, a separate immunotherapy cohort (n = 94) was used to assess the prognostic value of PD-L1ES with respect to clinical outcome. Results: PD-L1ES was able to predict high PD-L1 expression (PD-L1 ≥ 50%) with areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.78 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.75~0.80), 0.71 (95% CI: 0.59~0.81), and 0.76 (95% CI: 0.66~0.85) in the training, validation, and test cohorts, respectively. In patients treated with anti-PD-1 antibody, low PD-L1ES was associated with improved progression-free survival (PFS) (median PFS 363 days in low score group vs 183 days in high score group; hazard ratio [HR]: 2.57, 95% CI: 1.22~5.44; P = 0.010). Additionally, when PD-L1ES was combined with a clinical model that was trained using age, sex, smoking history and family history of malignancy, the response to immunotherapy could be better predicted compared to either PD-L1ES or the clinical model alone. Conclusions: The deep learning model provides a noninvasive method to predict high PD-L1 expression of NSCLC and to infer clinical outcomes in response to immunotherapy. Additionally, this deep learning model combined with clinical models demonstrated improved stratification capabilities.

20.
Virus Genes ; 57(2): 205-216, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471272

RESUMO

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (hereinafter referred to as S. maltophilia) has developed into an important opportunistic pathogenic bacterium, which is prevalent in nosocomial and community infections, and has adverse effects on patients with a compromised immune system. Phage vB_SmaS_BUCT548 was isolated from sewage of Beijing 307 Hospital with S. maltophilia (strain No.824) as a host. Phage morphology was observed by transmission electron microscopy and its biological and genomic characteristics were determined. The electron microscope shows that the bacteriophage belonged to the Siphoviridae and MOI is 0.001. One-step growth curve shows that the incubation period is 30 min and the burst size is 134 PFU/Cell. The host range is relatively wide and it can lysis 11of 13 S. maltophilia strains. Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) results show that the genome sequence is a dsDNA with 62354 bp length, and the GC content is 56.3% (GenBank: MN937349). One hundred and two online reading frames (ORFs) are obtained after RAST online annotation and the BlastN nucleic acid comparison shows that the phage had low homology with other phages in NCBI database. This study reports a novel S. maltophilia phage named vB_SmaS_BUCT548, which has a short incubation period, strong lytic ability, and a wide host range. The main characteristic of this bacteriophage is the novelty of the genomic sequence and the analysis of the other characteristics provides basic data for further exploring the interaction mechanism between the phage and the host.

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