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1.
Fitoterapia ; 139: 104418, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704262

RESUMO

A new isoiphionane sesquiterpene, named (3S, 5S, 7S, 10R)-3, 11-dihydroxyisoiphion-4-one (1), two new phloroglucinol glycosides, named eucalglobuside A (2) and eucalglobuside B (3), along with 15 known compounds were isolated from the leaves of Eucalyptus globulus. Their structures were elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic analysis and in comparison with literature data. The absolute configuration of compound 1 was determined by ECD calculation. All isolates were evaluated their inhibitory activities against the mushroom tyrosinase. As a result, three sesquiterpenoids, 1, 5ß, 11-dihydroxy-iphionan-4-one (5), and (-)-globulol (8), exhibited the most potent activities with IC50 values of 14.17 µM, 10.08 µM and 9.79 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Eucalyptus/química , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/antagonistas & inibidores , Floroglucinol/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , China , Inibidores Enzimáticos/isolamento & purificação , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Floroglucinol/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação
2.
Cell Biochem Biophys ; 67(2): 753-61, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23526189

RESUMO

Tempo spatially specific expression of many development-related genes is the molecular basis for the formation of the central nervous system (CNS), especially those genes regulating the proliferation, differentiation, migration, axon growth, and orientation of nerve cells. The development-related genes are usually prominent during the embryonic and newborn stages, but rarely express during the adulthood. These genes are believed to be suitable target genes for promoting CNS regeneration, despite majority of which remains unknown. Hence, the aim of this study was to screen development-related genes which might contribute to CNS regeneration. In this study, 1,033 differentially-expressed genes of superior colliculus in the courses of mouse optic nerve development and injury, as previously identified by cDNA microarrays, were hierarchically clustered to display expression pattern of each gene and reveal the relationships among these genes, and infer the functions of some unknown genes based on function-identified genes with the similar expression patterns. Consequently, the expression patterns of 1,033 candidate genes were revealed at eight time points during optic nerve development or injury. According to the similarity among gene expression patterns, 1,033 genes were divided into seven groups. The potential function of genes in each group was inferred on the basis of the dynamic trend for mean gene expression values. Moreover, the expression patterns of six function-unidentified genes were extremely similar to that of the ptn gene which could promote and guide axonal extension. Therefore, these six genes are temporally regarded as candidate genes related to axon growth and guidance. The results may help to better understand the roles of function-identified genes in the stages of CNS development and injury, and offer useful clues to evaluate the functions of hundreds of unidentified genes.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Nervo Óptico/genética , Nervo Óptico/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Colículos Superiores/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Animais , Análise por Conglomerados , Camundongos , Nervo Óptico/metabolismo
3.
PLoS One ; 8(1): e54590, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23359803

RESUMO

Demyelination occurs widely in neurodegenerative diseases. Progesterone has neuroprotective effects, is known to reduce the clinical scores and the inflammatory response. Progesterone also promotes remyelination in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and cuprizone-induced demyelinating brain. However, it still remains unclear whether progesterone can alleviate neural behavioral deficits and demyelination with degeneration of oligodendroglial cells in cuprizone-induced mice. In this study, mice were fed with 0.2% cuprizone to induce demyelination, and treated with progesterone to test its potential protective effect on neural behavioral deficits, demyelination and degeneration of oligodendroglial cells. Our results showed noticeable alleviation of neural behavioral deficits following progesterone treatment as assessed by changes in average body weight, and activity during the open field and Rota-rod tests when compared with the vehicle treated cuprizone group. Progesterone treatment alleviated demyelination as shown by Luxol fast blue staining, MBP immunohistochemical staining, and electron microscopy. There was an obvious decrease in TUNEL and Caspase-3-positive apoptotic cells, and an increase in the number of oligodendroglial cells staining positive for PDGFRα, Olig2, Sox10 and CC-1 antibody in the brains of cuprizone-induced mice after progesterone administration. These results indicate that progesterone can alleviate neural behavioral deficits and demyelination against oligodendroglial cell degeneration in cuprizone-induced mice.


Assuntos
Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Cuprizona/farmacologia , Doenças Desmielinizantes/prevenção & controle , Oligodendroglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Progesterona/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Imuno-Histoquímica , Marcação In Situ das Extremidades Cortadas , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Oligodendroglia/patologia , Oligodendroglia/ultraestrutura , Progesterona/administração & dosagem , Teste de Desempenho do Rota-Rod
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