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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200478

RESUMO

Saphenous vein graft (SVG) bypass placement is regarded as the optimal option for renal artery stenosis, which usually causes secondary hypertension and poor renal perfusion. Using computational fluid dynamics, this study aimed to investigate the underlying hemodynamic mechanism of the vein aneurysm and stenosis after aortorenal bypass surgery. Three-dimensional models were reconstructed based on computed tomographic angiography images of a 20-year-old female patient who suffered from uncontrollable hypertension using the image processing package Mimics (Materialise). The morphology and hemodynamic parameters in the healthy state, at initial presentation and at post-operative 9-month and 2-year follow-ups after surgery were analysed. The hemodynamic parameters became normal in the left and right renal arteries after bypass surgery. However, flow separation and stagnation occurred at the post-operative 9-month aorta-vein anastomosis, which caused asymmetrical flow and extremely high wall shear stress (WSS) and WSS gradients at the outflow vein tract, where the stenosis occurred 2 years later. In addition, the graft bending produced an asymmetrical flow pattern downstream. This research revealed that the abnormal hemodynamics, including flow separation and extremely high WSS values and gradients, caused by the retrograde flow of aortorenal bypass may be responsible for the SVG degeneration. In addition, flow asymmetry due to vessel bending is a potential risk factor for SVG aneurysm dilation.

2.
Med Biol Eng Comput ; 2020 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32162244

RESUMO

This study aims to analyse the stress distributions and initial displacements of teeth during the space closing stage through a three-dimensional finite element method. Computed tomography images of a patient were used to reconstruct the detailed teeth and alveolar bone, and brackets with stainless steel archwire were modelled according to the orthodontic prescriptions. The second premolars and first molars were chosen as the anchorages in the model 6-force, with buccal tubes attached to the second molars in the model 6-force-7, and the second molars as additional anchorages in the model 7-force. The results indicated that a movement of lingual lateral inclination occurred on the incisors during the retraction, and the frictional force between the teeth and the archwire significantly reduced the stress on the teeth and periodontal structures. Graphical abstract Malocclusion is one of the most common issue in dentistry with high prevalence and orthodontic treatment need. The extraction of first premolar teeth was normally needed at the beginning of the treatment. And the straight wire appliance together with the sliding mechanics was used for space closure at the end of the treatment. However, side effects like root resorption also found after the surgery. Biomechanically, the stress distributions and initial displacements of teeth during space closing stage might be a crucial factor contributed to those undesirable side effects. And different selections of anchorages might alter the biomechanical environment during the treatment. Thus, the purpose of the current study was to analyse the stress distributions and initial displacements, with the different anchorage selections, of teeth during space closing stage through 3D finite element method.

3.
J Genet Genomics ; 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173285

RESUMO

There is a growing interest in developing experimental methods for tracking the developmental cell lineages of a complex organism. The recently developed CRISPR/Cas9-based barcoding method is, although highly promising, difficult to scale up because it relies on exogenous barcoding sequences that are engineered into the genome. In this study, we characterized 78 high-quality endogenous sites in the zebrafish genome that can be used as CRISPR/Cas9-based barcoding sites. The 78 sites are all highly expressed in most of the cell types according to single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) data. Hence, the barcoding information of the 78 endogenous sites is recovered by the available scRNA-seq platforms, enabling simultaneous characterization of cell type and cell lineage information.

4.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 28(7): 115330, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32085963

RESUMO

Polysaccharides are a type of natural macromolecule widely existing in nature, and its pharmacological activity has attracted wide research attention. In this study, Brassica rapa L. polysaccharides were taken as the research object, and a preliminary study of the immune activity and mechanism of the antitumor activity of these polysaccharides in vitro was carried out. Five polysaccharides, namely, BRP, BRNP-1, BRNP-2, BRAP-1, and BRAP-2, were compared in terms of their ability to inhibit the growth of three types of cancer cells, namely, A549, AGS, and HepG2. The most effective polysaccharides were screened out, and their mechanism was studied. Immunoassay results showed that the five polysaccharides not only promoted the growth of RAW264.7 cells but also stimulated their endocytic/pinocytosis activity and released NO, TNF, IL-6 cytokines, especially BRP. In vitro antitumor experiments showed that BRP has a significant inhibitory effect (*P < 0.05) on the growth of A549 cells, especially at high concentrations (500-2000 µg/mL). BRP can also induce A549 cells to release reactive oxygen species, cause mitochondrial membrane potential, and effect the expression of Bax, caspase-9, caspase-3, p53, and B-cell lymphoma 2. Immunological experiments showed that the five groups of polysaccharides are not cytotoxic to normal cells and have immunostimulatory effects. Mitochondria represent one of the more important endogenous pathways in the apoptotic process. The results suggested that BRP participates in mitochondria mediated apoptosis and induces A549 cell apoptosis. This study lays a theoretical foundation for further research on the mechanisms of BRP immunoregulation and antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo.

5.
Blood ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078672

RESUMO

Factor VIII (FVIII) replacement products enable comprehensive care in hemophilia A. Treatment goals in severe hemophilia A are expanding beyond low annualized bleed rates to include long-term outcomes associated with high sustained FVIII levels. While endogenous von Willebrand factor (VWF) stabilizes and protects FVIII from degradation and clearance, it also subjects FVIII to a half-life ceiling of approximately 15-19 hours. Increasing recombinant FVIII (rFVIII) half-life further is ultimately dependent upon uncoupling rFVIII from endogenous VWF. We have developed a new class of FVIII replacement, rFVIIIFc-VWF-XTEN (BIVV001), that is physically decoupled from endogenous VWF and has enhanced pharmacokinetic properties compared with all previous FVIII products. BIVV001 was bioengineered as a unique fusion protein consisting of a VWF-D'D3 domain fused to rFVIII via immunoglobulin G1 Fc domains and two XTEN® polypeptides. Plasma FVIII half-life after BIVV001 administration in mice and monkeys was 25-31 hours and 33-34 hours, respectively, representing a three- to four-fold increase in FVIII half-life. Our results show that multifaceted protein engineering, far beyond a few amino acid substitutions, can significantly improve rFVIII pharmacokinetic properties while maintaining hemostatic function. BIVV001 is the first rFVIII with the potential to significantly change the treatment paradigm for severe hemophilia A by providing optimal protection against all bleed types and less frequent dosing. Protein engineering methods described in the paper can also be applied to other complex proteins.

6.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(5): 3139-3148, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31970902

RESUMO

Macrophage activation participates in the pathogenesis of pulmonary inflammation. As a coenzyme, vitamin B6 (VitB6) is mainly involved in the metabolism of amino acids, nucleic acids, glycogen and lipids. We have previously reported that activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) produces anti-inflammatory effects both in vitro and in vivo. Whether VitB6 via AMPK activation prevents pulmonary inflammation remains unknown. The model of acute pneumonia was induced by injecting mice with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The inflammation was determined by measuring the levels of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß), IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) using real time PCR, ELISA and immunohistochemistry. Exposure of cultured primary macrophages to VitB6 increased AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) Thr172 phosphorylation in a time/dose-dependent manner, which was inhibited by compound C. VitB6 downregulated the inflammatory gene expressions including IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α in macrophages challenged with LPS. These effects of VitB6 were mirrored by AMPK activator 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleoside (AICAR). However, VitB6 was unable to inhibit LPS-induced macrophage activation if AMPK was in deficient through siRNA-mediated approaches. Further, the anti-inflammatory effects produced by VitB6 or AICAR in LPS-treated macrophages were abolished in DOK3 gene knockout (DOK3-/- ) macrophages, but were enhanced in macrophages if DOK3 was overexpressed. In vivo studies indicated that administration of VitB6 remarkably inhibited LPS-induced both systemic inflammation and acute pneumonia in wild-type mice, but not in DOK3-/- mice. VitB6 prevents LPS-induced acute pulmonary inflammation in mice via the inhibition of macrophage activation.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(5): 6503-6515, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31933354

RESUMO

The effective dissipation of heat is critical to the performance and longevity of high-power electronics, so it is important to prepare highly thermally conductive polymer-based packaging materials for efficient thermal management. Due to the excellent thermal conductivity of boron nitride nanosheets (BNNSs), the hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) powder was dissolved in a mixed solution of isopropanol and deionized water for ultrasonic exfoliation to obtain hydroxylated BN nanosheets. Then, the prepared BNNS was functionalized with (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES) to enhance its dispersibility and interfacial compatibility in the epoxy resin, which play an important role in the improvement of the thermal conductivity of the composites. Finally, APTES-BNNS was uniformly dispersed in the epoxy resin by solvent mixing, and the oriented APTES-BNNS/epoxy composites were prepared through spin-coating and hot-pressing methods. It was found that APTES-BNNS/epoxy composites prepared herein exhibited significant anisotropic thermal conductivity. The results show that the thermal conductivity of APTES-BNNS/epoxy composites reached 5.86 W/mK at a filler content of 40 wt % and these composites have favorable thermal stability and mechanical properties. The APTES-BNNS/epoxy composite prepared in this paper has excellent thermal management capability and can be applied to the packaging of high-power electronic devices.

8.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 123: 109780, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901550

RESUMO

FAM83A is part of an 8-member protein family of unknown function and is reported to be a cancer-promoting and treatment-resistance factor in several cancers. However, its role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. Analysis of the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) showed that FAM83A mRNA expression is upregulated in HCC, as are the protein expression levels in both HCC cell lines and tissues. Clinical data have demonstrated that high FAM83A expression is positively correlated with poor progression-free survival time, thus suggesting its cancer-promoting potential. Functional analyses showed that FAM83A overexpression promoted HCC cell migration and invasion in vitro and suppressed sorafenib sensitivity. Inhibiting FAM83A reversed these results. A pulmonary metastasis model further confirmed that FAM83A promoted HCC cell metastasis in vivo. Mechanistic analyses indicated that FAM83A activated the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, its downstream c-JUN protein, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related protein levels, including downregulation of E-cadherin and upregulation of Vimentin and N-cadherin. Interestingly, c-JUN induced FAM83A expression by directly binding to its promoter region and thus forming a positive-feedback loop for FAM83A/PI3K/AKT/c-JUN. In conclusion, we demonstrated that FAM83A, as a cancer-metastasis promoter, accelerates migration, invasion and metastasis by activating the PI3K/AKT/c-JUN pathway and inducing its self-expression via feedback, thus forming a FAM83A/PI3K/AKT/c-JUN positive-feedback loop to activate EMT signaling and finally promote HCC migration, invasion and metastasis.

9.
Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 5(3): 267-275, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemoprevention of colorectal adenoma and colorectal cancer remains an important public health goal. The present study aimed to investigate the clinical potential and safety of berberine for prevention of colorectal adenoma recurrence. METHODS: This double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial was done in seven hospital centres across six provinces in China. Individuals aged 18-75 years who had at least one but no more than six histologically confirmed colorectal adenomas that had undergone complete polypectomy within the 6 months before recruitment were recruited and randomly assigned (1:1) to receive berberine (0·3 g twice daily) or placebo tablets via block randomisation (block size of six). Participants were to undergo a first follow-up colonoscopy 1 year after enrolment, and if no colorectal adenomas were detected, a second follow-up colonoscopy at 2 years was planned. The study continued until the last enrolled participant reached the 2-year follow-up point. All participants, investigators, endoscopists, and pathologists were blinded to treatment assignment. The primary efficacy endpoint was the recurrence of adenomas at any follow-up colonoscopy. Analysis was based on modified intention-to-treat, with the full analysis set including all randomised participants who received at least one dose of study medication and who had available efficacy data. The study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02226185; the trial has ended and this report represents the final analysis. FINDINGS: Between Nov 14, 2014, and Dec 30, 2016, 553 participants were randomly assigned to the berberine group and 555 to the placebo group. The full analysis set consisted of 429 participants in the berberine group and 462 in the placebo group. 155 (36%) participants in the berberine group and 216 (47%) in the placebo group were found to have recurrent adenoma during follow-up (unadjusted relative risk ratio for recurrence 0·77, 95% CI 0·66-0·91; p=0·001). No colorectal cancers were detected during follow-up. The most common adverse event was constipation (six [1%] of 446 patients in the berberine group vs one [<0·5%] of 478 in the placebo group). No serious adverse events were reported. INTERPRETATION: Berberine 0·3 g twice daily was safe and effective in reducing the risk of recurrence of colorectal adenoma and could be an option for chemoprevention after polypectomy. FUNDING: National Natural Science Foundation of China.

10.
Biomater Sci ; 8(1): 118-124, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777865

RESUMO

On account of the biological significance of self-assembling peptides in blocking the cellular mass exchange as well as impeding the formation for actin filaments resulting in program cell death, stimuli-responsive polypeptide nanoparticles have attracted more and more attention. In this work, we successfully fabricated doxorubicin-loaded polyethylene glycol-block-peptide (FFKY)-block-tetraphenylethylene (PEG-Pep-TPE/DOX) nanoparticles, where the aggregation-induced emission luminogens (AIEgen, TPE-CHO) can become a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) pair with the entrapped antitumor drug DOX to detect the release of drugs dynamically. This is the first successful attempt to detect and quantify the change of FRET signals in A549 cells via three methods to monitor the cellular uptake of nanoprobes and intracellular drug molecule release intuitively. As we proposed here, the combination of free DOX and the self-assembling peptide could achieve the synergistic anticancer efficacy. The multifunctional PEG-Pep-TPE/DOX nanoparticles may provide a new opportunity for combination cancer therapy and real-time detection of the drug release from stimuli-responsive nanomedicine.

11.
Fundam Clin Pharmacol ; 34(1): 4-10, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31241783

RESUMO

Emerging epidemiological and preclinical studies have focused on statins and mevalonate pathway to identify potential therapeutic target and clarify the underlying mechanism of the anti-neoplastic effects. Reductions of mevalonate or isoprenoids, caused by statins, would further decrease the isoprenylation of Rho GTPases which is the crucial step for Rho GTPases to anchor on inner cellular membrane. Following anchoring, activated Rho GTPases can mediate a series of cellular activities such as cytoskeleton reprogramming, front-rear polarity, and cell-ECM adhesion. These changes not only facilitate tumor cell detachment and migration but also bring great mechanical changes to directly activate YAP, the major nuclear mechanotransducer, to translocate into nucleus. Recently, statins have been identified as potent inhibitors of YAP. Once entering nucleus, YAP would combine TEADs to promote the transcription of about 100 genes, which are involved in cell proliferation, cell cycle regulation, stemness, invasion, and metastasis. Besides, statins are able to promote the degradation of misfolded mutant p53 (mutp53), which is an oncogene in a variety of human malignancies. Reduction in mevalonate-5-phosphate (MVP), also induced by statins, would impair the stability of DNAJA1-mutp53 complex; then, elevated C terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein (CHIP) mediates the nuclear export and degradation of misfolded mutp53 through ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. It is worth noted that YAP, mutp53, and mevalonate pathway form two positive feedback loops. It is reasonable to believe that Rho GTPases, YAP, and mutp53 are determinants for statins as anti-cancer agents: tumor cells harboring mutp53 and nuclear-located YAP would be more sensitive to statins.

12.
Food Chem ; 307: 125554, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648176

RESUMO

The reaction of Nε-(carboxymethyl) lysine (CML) with eight kinds of non-flavonoid o-benzoquinones and five kinds of flavonoid o-benzoquinones were investigated by cyclic voltammetry at pH 5.0, 7.0 and 8.0 and scan rate of 10, 50 and 100 mV/s. The reactivity of o-benzoquinones towards CML is weakened by the electron-donating substituent and strengthened by the electron-withdrawing substituent on the o-benzoquinone rings. The steric hindrance of the substituents on o-benzoquinone rings also weakens the quinone reactivity. Reaction of 4-methylbenzoquinone with CML (38.0 ±â€¯1.3%) was found to be faster than that with l-lysine (31.3 ±â€¯1.5%) and Nα-acetyl-l-lysine (14.5 ±â€¯0.1%) but slower than that with l-cysteine (≥100.0%) and Nα-acetyl-l-cysteine (≥100.0%) at pH 7.0 and scan rate of 10 mV/s. Products obtained by the reaction of CML with o-benzoquinones were found to include a CML-quinone adduct according to the cyclic voltammetry and UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS analysis.


Assuntos
Benzoquinonas/química , Lisina/análogos & derivados , Catecóis , Cisteína/química , Flavonoides , Lisina/química
13.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(3): 2319-2329, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880857

RESUMO

Cardiac fibrosis is a key factor to determine the prognosis in patient with myocardial infarction (MI). The aim of this study is to investigate whether the transcriptional factor paired-related homeobox 2 (Prrx2) regulates Wnt5a gene expression and the role in myocardial fibrosis following MI. The MI surgery was performed by ligation of left anterior descending coronary artery. Cardiac remodelling was assessed by measuring interstitial fibrosis performed with Masson staining. Cell differentiation was examined by analysis the expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA). Both Prrx2 and Wnt5a gene expressions were up-regulated in mice following MI, accompanied with increased mRNA and protein levels of α-SMA, collagen I and collagen III, compared to mice with sham surgery. Adenovirus-mediated gene knock down of Prrx2 increased survival rate, alleviated cardiac fibrosis, decreased infarction sizes and improved cardiac functions in mice with MI. Importantly, inhibition of Prrx2 suppressed ischaemia-induced Wnt5a gene expression and Wnt5a signalling. In cultured cardiac fibroblasts, TGF-ß increased gene expressions of Prrx2 and Wnt5a, and induced cell differentiations, which were abolished by gene silence of either Prrx2 or Wnt5a. Further, overexpression of Prrx2 or Wnt5a mirrored the effects of TGF-ß on cell differentiations of cardiac fibroblasts. Gene silence of Wnt5a also ablated cell differentiations induced by Prrx2 overexpression in cardiac fibroblasts. Mechanically, Prrx2 was able to bind with Wnt5a gene promoter to up-regulate Wnt5a gene expression. In conclusions, targeting Prrx2-Wnt5a signalling should be considered to improve cardiac remodelling in patients with ischaemic heart diseases.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802419

RESUMO

Regulatory T cells (Tregs), which secrete transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß and interleukin (IL)-10, have essential role in anti-inflammatory and neurotrophic functions. Herein, we explore the neuroprotection of Tregs in Parkinson's disease (PD) by adoptive transfer of Tregs. Tregs, isolated by magnetic sorting, were activated in vitro and then were adoptively transferred to 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6- tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-treated mice. Neuroinflammation, dopaminergic neuronal loss and behavioral changes of PD mice were evaluated. Live cell imaging system detected a dynamic contact of Tregs with MN9D cells that were stained with CD45 and galectin-1, respectively. Tregs prevented MPTP-induced dopaminergic neuronal loss, behavioral changes, and attenuated the inflammatory reaction in the brain. When blockade the LFA-1 activity in Tregs or the ICAM-1 activity in endothelial cells, the percentage of Tregs in substantia nigra (SN) decreased. CD45 and galectin-1 were expressed by Tregs and MN9D cells, respectively. CD45-labeled Tregs dynamically contacted with galectin-1-labeled MN9D cells. Inhibiting CD45 in Tregs impaired the ability of Tregs to protect dopaminergic neurons against MPP+ toxicity. Similarly, galectin-1 knockdown in MN9D cells reduced the ability of Tregs neuroprotection. Adoptive transfer of Tregs protects dopaminergic neurons in PD mice by a cell-to-cell contact mechanism underlying CD45-galectin-1 interaction. Graphical Abstract.

15.
Opt Express ; 27(24): 34626-34638, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878650

RESUMO

Camera calibration is an important part of high-precision optical measurement, which is especially difficult in the micro-nano field. Based on the integrated correlation calculation and CCD moiré method, this paper describes the development of a lens calibration technique called the Integrated Colour CCD Moiré Method (ICCM). The CCD moiré fringes, formed by superimposing a periodic optical signal of a specimen grating with a CCD target array or a Bayer filter array, significantly enlarges the deformation modulated by lens distortion and the calibration plate attitude (i.e. the rotation angle relative to the camera coordinate system). To measure lens distortion using CCD moiré, the deformation pattern that is governed by the lens distortion, specimen grating attitude and carrier was used to construct a CCD fringe image. If the constructed CCD fringe image based on the trial lens distortion and rotation angles have a maximum similarity to the captured CCD moiré image, the lens distortion and rotation angles are correctly inversed. Particle swarm optimisation algorithm was selected to search for the true value so that the accuracy and robustness could be improved. Numerical experiments verified that the ICCM method developed in this work can simultaneously inverse the lens distortion, rotation angle and the grating pitch with high precision. The lens distortion of the metallographic microscope has been successfully characterised by the developed method with an 833 nm pitch grating. Simulations and experiments showed that ICCM is an intuitive, accurate, anti-noise and robust distortion calibration method.

16.
Theranostics ; 9(25): 7583-7598, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695788

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are the key factor in determining cancer recurrence, metastasis, chemoresistance and patient prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The role of miR-5188 in cancer stemness has never been documented. In this study, we investigated the clinical and biological roles of miR-5188 in HCC. Methods: MiRNA expression in HCC was analyzed by bioinformatics analysis and in situ hybridization. The biological effect of miR-5188 was demonstrated in both in vitro and in vivo studies through the ectopic expression of miR-5188. The target gene and molecular pathway of miR-5188 were characterized using bioinformatics tools, dual-luciferase reporter assays, gene knockdown, and rescue experiments. Results: MiR-5188 was shown to be upregulated and confer poor prognosis in HCC patient data from TCGA database. MiR-5188 was subsequently identified as a significant inducer of cancer stemness that promotes HCC pathogenesis. Specifically, the targeting of miR-5188 by its antagomir markedly prolonged the survival time of HCC-bearing mice and improved HCC cell chemosensitivity in vivo. Mechanistic analysis indicated that miR-5188 directly targets FOXO1, which interacts with ß-catenin in the cytoplasm to reduce the nuclear translocation of ß-catenin and promotes the activation of Wnt signaling and downstream tumor stemness, EMT, and c-Jun. Moreover, c-Jun transcriptionally activates miR-5188 expression, forming a positive feedback loop. Interestingly, the miR-5188-FOXO1/ß-catenin-c-Jun feedback loop was induced by hepatitis X protein (HBX) through Wnt signaling and participated in the HBX-induced pathogenesis of HCC. Finally, analyses of transcriptomics data and our clinical data supported the significance of the abnormal expression of the miR-5188 pathway in HCC pathogenesis. Conclusions: These findings present the inhibition of miR-5188 as a novel strategy for the efficient elimination of CSCs to prevent tumor metastasis, recurrence and chemoresistance in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Our study highlights the importance of miR-5188 as a tumor stemness inducer that acts as a potential target for HCC treatment.

17.
Nanotechnology ; 31(8): 085503, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675739

RESUMO

Novel multi-walled carbon nanotubes coated with poly[N-(ferrocenyl formacyl) pyrrole] (MWCNTs@PFFP) nanocomposites were prepared through the in situ oxidation polymerization reaction of N-(ferrocenyl formacyl) pyrrole in the presence of MWCNTs. The MWCNTs@PFFP nanocomposites were characterized by FT-IR, Raman, TGA, XRD, XPS, SEM and TEM techniques. The MWCNTs@PFFP nanocomposites were fabricated into novel electrochemical sensors for simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid (AA), dopamine (DA) and uric acid (UA). The electrochemical behavior of the MWCNTs@PFFP/GCE sensors was examined, and the parameters that influence electrochemical signals were optimized. The experimental results showed that the fabricated modified electrode sensors exhibited good sensitivity, selectivity, specificity, repeatability and a long lifetime, remaining the initial current of at least 92.5% after 15 days storage in air. The sensors possessed a linear response concentration range over 200-400 µM for AA, 2-16 µM for both DA and UA, and a limit of detection as low as 40.0, 1.1 and 7.3 × 10-1 µM for AA, DA and UA, respectively. They are expected to be used as a potential tool for the simultaneous detection of DA, AA and UA in the human body.

18.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(10)2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569770

RESUMO

An electrochemical sensor for detection of the content of aspartame was developed by modifying a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) with multi-walled carbon nanotubes decorated with zinc oxide nanoparticles and in-situ wrapped with poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl ferrocenecarboxylate) (MWCNTs@ZnO/PMAEFc). MWCNTs@ZnO/PMAEFc nanohybrids were prepared through reaction of zinc acetate dihydrate with LiOH·H2O, followed by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization of 2-methacryloyloxyethyl ferrocenecarboxylate, and were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Raman, X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), atomic force microscope (AFM), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and transmission electron microscope (TEM) techniques. The electrochemical properties of the prepared nanohybrids with various composition ratios were examined by cyclic voltammetry (CV), and the trace additives in food and/or beverage was detected by using differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). The experimental results indicated that the prepared nanohybrids for fabrication of electrochemical modified electrodes possess active electroresponse, marked redox current, and good electrochemical reversibility, which could be mediated by changing the system formulations. The nanohybrid modified electrode sensors had a good peak current linear dependence on the analyte concentration with a wide detection range and a limit of detection as low as about 1.35 × 10-9 mol L-1, and the amount of aspartame was measured to be 35.36 and 40.20 µM in Coke zero, and Sprite zero, respectively. Therefore, the developed nanohybrids can potentially be used to fabricate novel electrochemical sensors for applications in the detection of beverage and food safety.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531738

RESUMO

Orthognathic surgery is a useful treatment for the correction of mandibular deformity. Different from other occlusions, unilateral occlusion is frequently used in mastication and influences functions of temporomandibular joints (TMJs). However, stress distributions in TMJ before and after orthognathic surgeries are not under consideration in treatments, crucial to pre- and postoperative temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). The study aims to analyze stress distributions in TMJs for patients with mandibular asymmetry before and after orthognathic surgeries under the unilateral molar clenching. Ten asymptomatic subjects (control group) and 10 patients with mandibular asymmetry were recruited for the study. All patients underwent orthognathic surgeries and were grouped as preoperative and postoperative for the purpose of comparing stress variation in TMJ before and after surgery. Finite element models corresponding to the unilateral molar clenching were constructed. The contact stresses at the ipsilateral side for asymptomatic subjects were significantly greater than those at the contralateral side, while the third principal stresses at the contralateral side were significantly greater than those at the ipsilateral side. No significant difference of stress distribution in TMJ between two sides appeared for the preoperative group. After surgeries, the stress distributions were close to the normal states. The stress of the preoperative group was found to be significantly higher than those of the control and postoperative groups. The variations in stresses before and after the surgery were consistent with the signs and symptoms or recoveries of TMD. Orthognathic surgery could alleviate the high level of stresses caused by mandibular asymmetry and is helpful for the recovery of TMD.

20.
J Int Med Res ; 47(11): 5844-5848, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31552763

RESUMO

Highlights • Dissecting basilar artery aneurysm (DBAA) is relatively rare. • We report the first case of a DBAA manifesting as sudden sensorineural hearing loss. • This case report adds to the symptom spectrum of DBAA.

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