Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 13 de 13
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Food Chem ; 348: 129091, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508603

RESUMO

Phospholipids are critical for milk digestion and infant development. But the profile of phospholipid molecular species in human milk and its dynamic changes during the lactation period have never been reported. The present study elucidated precise qualitative and quantitative analysis of 258 phospholipid molecular species in 486 human milk samples. Phosphatidylcholine is the most abundant class, followed by phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylethanolamine and sphingomyelin as the second abundant class in different lactation period. The plasmalogens declined along the lactation period, and the polyunsaturated-phospholipids decreased after 10-15 days. The decrease of phosphatidylcholines and phosphatidylglycerols, and the increase of lysophosphatidylethanolamines and lysophosphatidylcholines are critical changes from 0 to 5 days to 10-15 days; increase of phosphatidylinositols, phosphatidylserines, lysophosphatidylethanolamines and lysophosphatidylcholines is the key changes from 10-15 days to 40-45 days; the decrease of most phospholipid molecular species is the characteristic change from 40-45 days to 200-240 days; and the phospholipid profile achieved stability after 200 days.


Assuntos
Lactação , Lipidômica , Leite Humano/química , Mães , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Animais , China , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente
2.
Food Funct ; 11(9): 7866-7877, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32812611

RESUMO

The dietary intakes of choline and betaine have been related to the mortality of some neoplasms, but their effects on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) mortality are still unknown. We examined the associations between dietary choline, five choline-containing compounds, different choline forms, betaine intake and HCC mortality. In total, 905 newly diagnosed HCC patients were enrolled in the Guangdong Liver Cancer Cohort study. Dietary intake was assessed by a valid food frequency questionnaire. Liver cancer-specific mortality (LCSM) and all-cause mortality (ACM) were calculated. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed by Cox proportional hazards models. It was found that a higher total choline intake was associated with lower ACM, Q4 vs. Q1: HR = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.53-0.97, Ptrend = 0.012 in the fully adjusted model. The associations between total choline intake and LCSM were not significant. Similar associations were found between water-soluble choline intake and HCC mortality, where the fully adjusted HR for ACM was 0.72, 95% CI: 0.53-0.98, Ptrend = 0.017. However, null associations were found between neither phosphatidylcholine (the most abundant lipid-soluble choline) nor total lipid-soluble choline intake and HCC mortality. These results implied that the favorable associations between the total choline intake and ACM were more attributed to water-soluble choline. Furthermore, no significant associations were observed between betaine intake and HCC mortality. Future human intervention trials regarding choline supplementation and liver disease recovery should take the forms into consideration rather than just the total amount alone.

3.
Hepatol Res ; 50(10): 1164-1175, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32691459

RESUMO

AIM: Adherence to dietary recommendations has been linked to a reduced risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and dying of chronic liver disease. However, its role in the prognosis of HCC is still unclear. We prospectively investigated the association of two dietary quality indices, the Chinese Healthy Eating Index (CHEI) and the Healthy Eating Index-2015 (HEI-2015), with all-cause and HCC-specific mortality in a large prospective cohort of HCC survivors. METHODS: We included 887 patients with newly diagnosed, previously untreated HCC enrolled in the Guangdong Liver Cancer Cohort (GLCC) between September 2013 and April 2017 in the analysis. CHEI and HEI-2015 scores were calculated based on the dietary intake in the year before diagnosis of HCC. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate multivariable hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for each index. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 797 days, 389 deaths were identified, including 347 from HCC. Higher CHEI scores, reflecting favorable adherence to the 2016 Dietary Guidelines for Chinese, were associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality (T3 vs. T1 : HR = 0.75, 95% CI: 0.58-0.98) and HCC-specific mortality (T3 vs. T1 : HR = 0.74, 95% CI: 0.56-0.98). Non-significant, inverse associations of HEI-2015 score with all-cause mortality (T3 vs. T1 : HR = 0.86, 95% CI: 0.67-1.11) and HCC-specific mortality (T3 vs. T1 : HR = 0.93, 95% CI: 0.71-1.21) were suggested. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that better adherence to the 2016 Dietary Guidelines for Chinese may reduce the risk of all-cause and HCC-specific mortality in patients with HCC.

4.
Eur J Nutr ; 2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32440731

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore whether probiotic supplementation could attenuate serum trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) level and impact the intestinal microbiome composition. DESIGN: Forty healthy males (20-25 years old) were randomized into the probiotic group (1.32 × 1011 CFU live bacteria including strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, Bifidobacterium animalis, and Bifidobacterium longum daily) or the control group for 4 weeks. All participants underwent a phosphatidylcholine challenge test (PCCT) before and after the intervention. Serum TMAO and its precursors (TMA, choline and betaine) were measured by UPLC-MS/MS. The faecal microbiome was analyzed by 16S rRNA sequencing. RESULTS: Serum TMAO and its precursors were markedly increased after the PCCT. No statistical differences were observed in the probiotic and the control group in area under the curve (AUC) (14.79 ± 0.97 µmol/L 8 h vs. 19.17 ± 2.55 µmol/L 8 h, P = 0.106) and the pre- to post-intervention AUC alterations (∆AUC) (- 6.33 ± 2.00 µmol/L 8 h vs. - 0.73 ± 3.04 µmol/L 8 h, P = 0.131) of TMAO; however, higher proportion of participants in probiotic group showed their TMAO decrease after the intervention (78.9% vs. 45.0%, P = 0.029). The abundance of Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (P = 0.043) and Prevotella (P = 0.001) in the probiotic group was significantly increased after the intervention but without obvious differences in α- and ß-diversity. CONCLUSIONS: The current probiotic supplementation resulted in detectable change of intestinal microbiome composition but failed to attenuate the serum TMAO elevation after PCCT. CLINICALTRIALS. GOV IDENTIFIER: NCT03292978. CLINICALTRIALS.GOV WEBSITE: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03292978.

5.
Nutr Metab (Lond) ; 17: 25, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32256673

RESUMO

Background: Higher choline and betaine levels have been linked to lower risk of liver cancer, whereas existing data in relation to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) prognosis are scarce. Our objective was to examine the associations of the serum choline and betaine with HCC survival. Methods: 866 newly diagnosed HCC patients were enrolled in the Guangdong Liver Cancer Cohort. Serum choline and betaine were assessed using high-performance liquid chromatography with online electro-spray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Liver cancer-specific survival (LCSS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: Serum choline levels were associated with better LCSS (T3 vs. T1: HR = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.51-0.94; P -trend < 0.05) and OS (T3 vs. T1: HR = 0.73, 95% CI: 0.54-0.99; P -trend < 0.05). The associations were significantly modified by C-reactive protein (CRP) levels but not by other selected prognostic factors including sex, age, etc. The favorable associations between serum choline and LCSS and OS were only existed among patients with CRP ≥3.0 mg/L. No significant associations were found between serum betaine levels and either LCSS or OS. Conclusions: This study revealed that higher serum choline levels were associated with better HCC survival, especially in HCC patients with systemic inflammation status. No significant associations were found between serum betaine and HCC survival. Our findings suggest the benefits of choline on HCC survival. Trial registration: The Guangdong Liver Cancer Cohort was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT03297255.

6.
Food Funct ; 11(1): 759-767, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915755

RESUMO

Vitamin A and its precursor (ß-carotene) have been linked with cancer incidence and mortality. However, the relationship between vitamin A and the prognosis of hepatocellular-carcinoma (HCC) is still unknown. Therefore, we investigated whether dietary intakes of vitamin A, retinol, and ß-carotene were associated with survival in patients with HCC who participated in the Guangdong Liver Cancer Cohort (GLCC) study. Patients aged 18-80 years with a diagnosis of incident Primary Liver Cancer (PLC) were enrolled within one month of diagnosis prior to cancer treatment at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. Dietary information one year before diagnosis of HCC was obtained using a 79-item, validated semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). We restricted the present analysis to 877 HCC patients enrolled in the GLCC between September, 2013 and April, 2017 who had completed FFQ. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for overall and HCC-specific survival. After a median follow-up of 797 days, 384 deaths were documented, 343 of which died from HCC. The multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CI) of overall and HCC-specific survival for the highest versus the lowest quartile were 0.70 (0.53-0.94) and 0.68 (0.50-0.92) for vitamin A, and 0.72 (0.54-0.96) and 0.69 (0.51-0.94) for ß-carotene, respectively. However, no significant association of dietary retinol intakes with survival outcomes was observed. Our observations suggest that higher prediagnostic dietary intakes of vitamin A and ß-carotene were associated with improved overall and HCC-specific survival.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Vitamina A/administração & dosagem , beta Caroteno/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/dietoterapia , China , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/dietoterapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
7.
Hepatology ; 72(1): 169-182, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677282

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Free and bioavailable 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) are emerging measurements of vitamin D status. It remains unclear whether circulating free or bioavailable 25OHD are relevant to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) prognosis. Our aim was to test the hypothesis that bioavailable 25OHD may be a better serum biomarker of vitamin D status than total 25OHD on the association with HCC survival. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We included 1,031 newly diagnosed, previously untreated patients with HCC from the Guangdong Liver Cancer Cohort enrolled between September 2013 and April 2017. Serum total 25OHD levels were measured using an electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. Serum-free 25OHD levels were measured using a two-step enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Bioavailable 25OHD levels were calculated from measured free 25OHD and albumin using a previously validated equation. Primary outcomes were liver cancer-specific (LCSS) and overall survival (OS). Cox proportional hazards models were performed to calculate the multivariable hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). During a median follow-up of 726 days, 430 patients had deceased, including 393 deaths from HCC. In multivariable analyses, higher bioavailable 25OHD levels were significantly associated with better survival, independent of nonclinical and clinical prognostic factors including serum C-reactive protein, Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage, and cancer treatment. The multivariable-adjusted HRs in the highest versus lowest quartile of bioavailable 25OHD levels were 0.69 (95% CI: 0.51, 0.93; P for trend = 0.014) for LCSS and 0.71 (95% CI: 0.53, 0.94; P for trend = 0.013) for OS. In contrast, neither total nor free 25OHD levels were associated with LCSS or OS. CONCLUSIONS: Higher bioavailable, rather than total, 25OHD levels were independently associated with improved survival in a population-based HCC cohort, suggesting a potential utility of bioavailable 25OHD in HCC prognosis.

8.
Br J Nutr ; 121(12): 1376-1388, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30935429

RESUMO

Existing data on folate status and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) prognosis are scarce. We prospectively examined whether serum folate concentrations at diagnosis were associated with liver cancer-specific survival (LCSS) and overall survival (OS) among 982 patients with newly diagnosed, previously untreated HCC, who were enrolled in the Guangdong Liver Cancer Cohort (GLCC) study between September 2013 and February 2017. Serum folate concentrations were measured using chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay. Cox proportional hazards models were performed to estimate hazard ratios (HR) and 95 % CI by sex-specific quartile of serum folate. Compared with patients in the third quartile of serum folate, patients in the lowest quartile had significantly inferior LCSS (HR = 1·48; 95 % CI 1·05, 2·09) and OS (HR = 1·43; 95 % CI 1·03, 1·99) after adjustment for non-clinical and clinical prognostic factors. The associations were not significantly modified by sex, age at diagnosis, alcohol drinking status and Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage. However, there were statistically significant interactions on both multiplicative and additive scale between serum folate and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels or smoking status and the associations of lower serum folate with worse LCSS and OS were only evident among patients with CRP > 3·0 mg/l or current smokers. An inverse association with LCSS were also observed among patients with liver damage score ≥3. These results suggest that lower serum folate concentrations at diagnosis are independently associated with worse HCC survival, most prominently among patients with systemic inflammation and current smokers. A future trial of folate supplementation seems to be promising in HCC patients with lower folate status.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Ácido Fólico/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , China , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos
9.
Int J Cancer ; 144(11): 2823-2832, 2019 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30426509

RESUMO

Copper and zinc are essential micronutrients, whose imbalance may be involved in the development and progression of cancer. However, the role of copper and/or zinc imbalance in the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is currently unclear. Our objective was to investigate the association between serum levels of copper, zinc and their ratio (copper/zinc) at diagnosis with HCC survival. We included 989 patients with incident HCC in this prospective cohort study, who were enrolled in the Guangdong Liver Cancer Cohort (GLCC) study within 30 days of diagnosis between September 2013 and February 2017. Serum copper and zinc were measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Primary outcomes were liver cancer-specific survival (LCSS) and overall survival (OS). Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate the multivariable hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Higher serum copper levels were strongly associated with worse LCSS (Q4 vs. Q1: HR = 1.87, 95% CI: 1.22-2.86; p < 0.01 for trend) and OS (Q4 vs. Q1: HR = 2.06, 95% CI: 1.36-3.11; p < 0.01 for trend). The calculated copper/zinc ratio was positively associated with LCSS (Q4 vs. Q1: HR = 1.31, 95% CI: 0.89-1.92; P = 0.04 for trend) and OS (Q4 vs. Q1: HR = 1.43, 95% CI: 0.99-2.08; P = 0.01 for trend). No overall associations were observed between serum zinc levels and LCSS or OS in the entire cohort. The results suggest that higher serum copper and copper in relation to zinc levels (i.e., higher copper/zinc ratio) may be associated with worse HCC survival, but serum zinc levels may be not associated with HCC survival.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Cobre/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Zinco/sangue , Adulto , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
10.
Nutr Metab (Lond) ; 15: 81, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30479648

RESUMO

Background: Evidence has suggested a potential link exists between trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), a choline-derived metabolite produced by gut microbiota, and some cancers, but little is known for primary liver cancer (PLC). Methods: A case-control study was designed including 671 newly diagnosed PLC patients and 671 control subjects frequency-matched by age (±5 years) and sex, in Guangdong province, China. High-performance liquid chromatography with online electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) was used to measure serum TMAO and choline. The associations between these biomarkers and PLC risk were evaluated using logistic regression models. Results: Serum TMAO concentrations were greater in the PLC group than the control group (P = 0.002). Logistic regression analysis showed that the sex- and age-adjusted odds ratio (OR) and (95% confidence interval [CI]) was 3.43 (2.42-4.86) when comparing the top and bottom quartiles (Q4 vs Q1). After further adjusting for more selected confounders, the OR (95% CI) remained significant but was attenuated to 2.85 (1.59-5.11) (Q4 vs Q1). The multivariable-adjusted ORs (95% CIs) across quartiles of choline were 0.35-0.15 (P -trend < 0.001). Conclusion: Higher serum levels of TMAO were associated with increased PLC risk. The association was stronger in those with lower serum levels of choline. Additional large prospective studies are required to confirm these findings. Trial registration: This study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT 03297255.

11.
Nutrients ; 10(8)2018 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30126134

RESUMO

Adherence to healthy dietary guidelines has been related to a lower risk of several cancers, but its role in primary liver cancer (PLC) has not been fully investigated, especially among Eastern populations. This study enrolled 720 PLC patients and 720 healthy controls who were frequency-matched by age and sex between September 2013 and October 2017 in South China. Dietary quality was assessed by the Chinese Healthy Eating Index (CHEI) and the Healthy Eating Index 2015 (HEI-2015), which manifests as scores of adhering to the 2016 Dietary Guidelines for Chinese and adhering to the 2015⁻2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, respectively. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using unconditional logistic regression models, adjusting for potential confounders. Higher scores in both the CHEI and HEI-2015 were associated with a lower risk of PLC (per 5-points increment of the total scores: OR: 0.43, 95% CI: 0.38⁻0.50 for CHEI; OR: 0.47, 95% CI: 0.40⁻0.55 for HEI-2015). The protective associations persisted significantly in the stratified analyses by sex, smoker status, alcohol consumption, HBV infection, and histological types of PLC, without statistical evidence for heterogeneity (p-interaction > 0.05). Closer adherence to the most recent dietary guidelines for Chinese or Americans may protect against PLC.


Assuntos
Dieta Saudável , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Política Nutricional , Cooperação do Paciente , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/prevenção & controle , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação Nutricional , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
12.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 65(5): 757-66, 2013 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23600394

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the antidiabetic, antihyperlipidaemic and antioxidant activity of total flavonoids in Selaginella tamariscina (Beauv.) Spring (TFST) in a mouse model of diabetes. METHODS: Normal mice, mice fed with a high-fat emulsion diet and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice were treated with TFST for 6 weeks. Serum glucose, insulin and lipid, hepatic steatosis, production of the protein visfatin and antioxidant indices were evaluated. KEY FINDINGS: TFST significantly decreased the concentration of fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides and low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol, while it increased the levels of insulin and high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol in diabetic mice. TFST also improved the results of the oral glucose tolerance test to a certain degree. Furthermore, both the free fatty acid levels in the liver and hepatic steatosis were ameliorated by TFST treatment. These changes may be be associated with decreased production of visfatin. Administration of TFST also significantly decreased the levels of malondialdehyde, nitric oxide and inducible nitric oxide synthase and increased the content of glutathione and the activity of superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione-S-transferase in the liver. No change in blood glucose levels were observed in the normal mice treated with TFST. CONCLUSIONS: TFST showed an excellent effect in reducing the high blood glucose level but had no effect on normal blood glucose level. The antidiabetic activity of TFST could be explained by its antioxidant and antihyperlipidaemic activity, which finally elevated the insulin sensitivity of liver.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado Gorduroso/prevenção & controle , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Hipolipemiantes/uso terapêutico , Selaginellaceae/química , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/metabolismo , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Hipolipemiantes/farmacologia , Insulina/sangue , Resistência à Insulina , Lipídeos/sangue , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/enzimologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
13.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 6(11): 1095-100, 2005 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16252344

RESUMO

A digital image analysis algorithm based color and morphological features was developed to identify the six varieties (ey7954, syz3, xs11, xy5968, xy9308, z903) rice seeds which are widely planted in Zhejiang Province. Seven color and fourteen morphological features were used for discriminant analysis. Two hundred and forty kernels used as the training data set and sixty kernels as the test data set in the neural network used to identify rice seed varieties. When the model was tested on the test data set, the identification accuracies were 90.00%, 88.00%, 95.00%, 82.00%, 74.00%, 80.00% for ey7954, syz3, xs11, xy5968, xy9308, z903 respectively.


Assuntos
Colorimetria/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Oryza/anatomia & histologia , Oryza/classificação , Reconhecimento Automatizado de Padrão/métodos , Sementes/anatomia & histologia , Sementes/classificação , Algoritmos , Inteligência Artificial , Análise por Conglomerados , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação/métodos , Fotografação/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Especificidade da Espécie
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...