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1.
Water Res ; 168: 115148, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622912

RESUMO

Biological ion exchange (BIEX) has proved to remove natural organic matter (NOM) better than biological activated carbon (BAC). This raises the question if BIEX can be integrated into a full-scale drinking water treatment plant to remove NOM and ammonia. In this study, a pilot plant consisting of one BIEX filter, three GAC filters and one BAC filter was set up as second-stage filtration at the Sainte-Rose drinking water treatment plant (Laval, Canada). The pilot plant was operated for a period of nine months without regeneration of the ion exchange resins. The influent water showed low DOC (2.5 mg/L) and high sulfate concentrations (28.2 mg/L). Except of a short peak of DOC released at about 1 000 BV, the BIEX filter achieved a nearly constant removal of 29-36% over the whole study period. The DOC removals of GAC were similar to BIEX at < 8000 BV but then stabilized at 13-24% after 8 000 BV. Most DOC removal in the BIEX filter was achieved at the top 30 cm layer (81%) compared to 62-66% removal in the GAC/BAC filters in the same layer. After the rapid exhaustion of the primary ion exchange capacity (<1 000 BV), sulfate displaced the fraction of NOM with lower affinity than sulfate, corresponding to the initial DOC release in the BIEX filter. The fraction of NOM with higher affinity than sulfate can still replace sulfate, which explains the good long-term performance of the BIEX filter. BIEX released ammonia with an average of 15% in warm water condition, probably related to the small diameter of the column which limited backwash effectiveness.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Canadá , Carvão Vegetal , Filtração , Troca Iônica
2.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 148: 111827, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698302

RESUMO

A novel label-free electrochemical aptasensor was fabricated based on a three-dimensional porous electrode (3D-CS/rGO/GCE) for the detection of acetamiprid residues. The sensing signal was generated by the DNA itself. The porous electrode was prepared by electrodeposition in situ and characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). These results indicated that the porous electrode has a uniform nanoporous structure, high active area, and excellent conductivity, leading to improve the transmission efficiency of current signals. The 3D-CS/rGO/GCE was used to increase a load of acetamiprid aptamer on the electrode. Meanwhile, DNA self-assembly strategy was used to further increase the DNA amounts. Thus the electrochemical current was amplified significantly due to increased phosphate group amounts by the above synergistic effect. The determination of acetamiprid residues using square wave voltammetry (SWV) showed good sensitivity, with the linear range from 0.1 pM to 0.1 µM and the detection limit was 71.2 fM. The label-free electrochemical aptasensor was also used to detect acetamiprid residues in tea samples with satisfactory results.

3.
Int J Cancer ; 146(2): 496-509, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125123

RESUMO

The biological role of vacuolar protein sorting 33B (VPS33B) has not been examined in colorectal cancer (CRC). We report that VPS33B was downregulated in dextran sulfate sodium/azoxymethane (DSS/AOM) -induced CRC mice models and nicotine-treated CRC cells via the PI3K/AKT/c-Jun pathway. Reduced VPS33B is an unfavorable factor promoting poor prognosis in human CRC patients. VPS33B overexpression suppressed CRC proliferation, intrahepatic metastasis and chemoresistance of cisplatin (DDP) in vivo and in vitro through modulating the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/RAS/ERK/c-Myc/p53/miR-133a-3p feedback loop and the downstream cell cycle or EMT-related factors. Furthermore, NESG1 as a newly identified tumor suppressor interacted with VPS33B via colocalization in the cytoplasm, and it was stimulated by VPS33B through the downregulation of RAS/ERK/c-Jun-mediated transcription. NESG1 also activated VPS33B expression via the RAS/ERK/c-Jun pathway. Suppression of NESG1 increased cell growth, migration and invasion via the reversion of the VPS33B-modulating signal in VPS33B-overexpressed cells. Taken together, VPS33B as a tumor suppressor is easily dysregulated by chemical carcinogens and it interacts with NESG1 to modulate the EGFR/RAS/ERK/c-Myc/p53/miR-133a-3p feedback loop and thus suppress the malignant phenotype of CRC.

4.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1962-1967, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492368

RESUMO

Oroxylum as a traditional Chinese medicine, was used as a green and novel bio-template to synthesize tremella-like Li3V2(PO4)3/C composite (LVPC) cathode materials by adopting a facile immersion method. The microstructures were analyzed by X-ray diffraction analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The electrochemical properties were investigated by galvanostatic charge-discharge experiments. The LVPC revealed specific capacity of 95 mAh·g-1 at 1 C rate within potential range of 3.0-4.3 V. After 100 cycles at 0.2 C, the retention of discharge capacity was 96%. The modified electrochemical performance is mainly resulted from the distinct tremella-like structure.

5.
Waste Manag Res ; : 734242X19886927, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793381

RESUMO

Agglomeration that occurs during municipal sewage sludge (MSS) fluidized bed co-combustion might affect heavy metal distribution and the transformation of bottom ash. A study on the mobility and speciation of heavy metals that accompanies agglomeration behavior and phosphorus addition should be examined during MSS co-combustion. Meanwhile, the aim of this study was to evaluate the total content and speciation of heavy metals during the MSS fluidized bed co-combustion by the chemical sequential extraction procedure (SEP). The risk assessment code (RAC) and individual contamination factor (ICF) are calculated to evaluate the mobility of heavy metals and their environmental risks in agglomerates. Moreover, identification of agglomerates is established by both characterization (scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) and thermodynamic simulation (HSC chemistry software). The experimental results indicated that P and Na would form the lower melting-point compounds such as NaPO3 and Na2O in the bottom ash, which promoted agglomeration during MSS fluidized bed co-combustion. According to the simulation, Na and P have a stronger affinity than Si and Cr, and this reaction is not only influenced by particle agglomeration, but also by heavy metal distribution during modified MSS co-combustion. Nevertheless, the results of ICFs and RACs obtained from the SEP indicated that for heavy metals trapped in agglomerates, a weaker binding such as physical covering by eutectics might be considered as the dominant reaction compared with chemical binding to form a metal complex.

6.
J Health Psychol ; : 1359105319890395, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789585

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to examine the longitudinal relationships between cyberbullying perpetration, mindfulness, and depression among Chinese adolescents. The participants in our study included 1390 high school students who were randomly selected from several secondary schools in east China. Participants completed the Chinese version of Revised Cyber Bullying Inventory-Cyberbullying Subscale, the Chinese version of the Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale and the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for Children at two time points (6-month interval). The results found that cyberbullying, mindfulness and depression would predict each other over time. Contributions to theory, limitations in our research and recommendations for future intervention are discussed in this article.

7.
Sleep ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790135

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep problems and symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence are common. No longitudinal studies have examined the prospective associations between sleep and subsequent ADHD symptoms in adolescents. This study examined the prospective associations between sleep problems and subsequent ADHD symptoms in a large sample of adolescents. METHODS: Participants included 7,072 adolescents from the Shandong Adolescent Behavior and Health Cohort (SABHC) study in Shandong, China. Participants were initially assessed in November-December of 2015 and were reassessed one-year later in 2016. Sleep duration, sleep problems and psychosocial information were collected using a structured questionnaire. ADHD symptoms were measured by the Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist-Youth Self-Report. RESULTS: At baseline, 7.6% participants had clinically relevant ADHD symptoms, which were highly comorbid with sleep problems including insomnia symptoms, poor sleep quality, symptoms of restless legs syndrome (RLS), frequent snoring, and short sleep duration. Of the 6,531 participants without clinically relevant ADHD symptoms at baseline, 4.5% reported clinically relevant ADHD symptoms at 1-year follow-up. After adolescent and family covariates were adjusted for, insomnia (OR = 2.09, 95%CI = 1.45 - 3.02), RLS (OR = 1.47, 95%CI = 1.02 - 2.11), and frequent snoring (OR = 2.30, 95%CI = 1.36 - 3.90) were all significantly associated with subsequent ADHD symptoms. CONCLUSION:  ADHD symptoms and sleep problems are highly comorbid. Insomnia, RLS and frequent snoring appear to be significant predictors of subsequent ADHD symptoms. Our study highlights the importance of assessing and managing sleep problems for prevention and clinical treatment of ADHD symptoms in adolescence.

8.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(6): 7155-7176, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698608

RESUMO

Modal identification involves primarily the determination of natural frequencies, damping ratios, mode shapes of a dynamic system, etc. It is usually regarded as an essential task in a wide branch of structural dynamics and civil engineering, such as structural vibration control and damage identification of buildings or bridges. There are many modal identification techniques. Basically, these techniques can be categorized into two groups: deterministic methods and Bayesian approaches. The first group can be used to provide deterministic (or optimal) estimations of modal parameters, but they are unable to quantify the estimation uncertainties. The second group is based on a usage of the Bayesian framework. Compared to the first group, the second group of methods has a typical merit of being able to offer uncertainty information of identified parameters, which is of great interests, or even necessary, for some follow-up studies. In this paper, both a deterministic method, i.e., a combination of spectral analysis, filtering and Random Decrement Technique (RDT), and a Bayesian method, i.e., Bayesian Spectral Density Approach (BSDA), are exploited to experimentally identify the modal parameters of a 303 m high-rise building that was subjected to a landfall typhoon. The validity and efficiency of each method is verified by comparing the two kinds of results. Meanwhile, the identified modal parameters are used for the serviceability assessment of this high-rise building against some frequency-specific criteria.

9.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(6): 8134-8143, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698659

RESUMO

The aim of present study is to investigate the feasibility of patient-specific ankle-foot orthoses fabricated using additive manufacturing (AM) techniques. Then, clinical performance of the AFOs manufactured using material PA12 was evaluated in stroke survivors based on gait analysis data. The ankle and foot were scanned by EinScan-Pro 3D scanner. The software Geomagic Studio was used for modifying the AFO model. After processing the original AFO model into the final required model, material PA12 were used to fabricate the AFOs by Multi Jet Fusion (MJF) technique. Finally, gait analysis of 12 stroke patients was conducted to compare the effects with and without AFO. It took 2 hours from processing the initial AFO model to the completion of final model, and the printing time was 8 hours. The printing thickness of the AFO was 1.2 mm. With respect to the temporal-spatial parameters, the velocity and stride length in the gait with AFO increased significantly as compared to the gait without AFO (P=0.001, P=0.002). The cadence increased, double limb support phase decreased, and the step length difference decreased in the gait with AFO; however, the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.117, P=0.075, P=0.051).This study confirmed the feasibility of patient-specific AFO fabricated by AM techniques, and demonstrated the process of modifying AFO models successfully. The specific ankle-foot orthoses fabricated by material PA12 have a significant effect on the improvement of velocity and stride length in people with stroke.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17663, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689778

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Postoperative delirium is extremely rare in young women and in minimally invasive endoscopic surgeries in gynecology and obstetrics. It greatly affects both physicians and patients. This report presents a special case of postoperative delirium after hysteroscopy in a young woman and a literature review of the associated etiology, diagnosis, and treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 39-year-old woman was admitted to the gynecology ward following irregular vaginal bleeding for 3 months and an intrauterine space-occupying lesion for 1 week. Hysteroscopy, endometrial polypectomy, and fractional curettage procedures were successfully performed; however, the patient became unresponsive after surgery. DIAGNOSIS: Postoperative delirium. INTERVENTIONS: Sedatives and vasoactive medicines, such as dexmedetomidine, midazolam, and dopamine were administered for maintenance treatment. OUTCOMES: The patients gradually regained consciousness. LESSONS: Physicians should attach importance and improvise effective clinical management strategies for postoperative delirium based on clinical specialty characteristics and related guidelines.

11.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692033

RESUMO

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is an aggressive histological subtype of thyroid carcinoma (THCA), whose occurrence rate is high. The participation of long noncoding RNAs in the pathologies of cancers has attracted significant attention during the past decades. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the role of NR2F1 antisense RNA 1 (NR2F1-AS1) in PTC. The expression of NR2F1 in THCA samples was analyzed by bioinformatics tool gene expression profiling interactive analysis. Levels of NR2F1-AS1, microRNA-423-5p (miR-423-5p), and SRY-box 12 (SOX12) were evaluated by a quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. The impact of NR2F1-AS1 on PTC cell proliferation and invasion was assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8, EdU, and Transwell invasion assays. The interactions among NR2F1-AS1, miR-423-5p, and SOX12 were determined by RNA immunoprecipitation and luciferase reporter assays. Consequently, we found that NR2F1-AS1 and SOX12 levels were elevated in PTC, whereas miR-423-5p was downregulated in PTC cells. Functionally, NR2F1-AS1 silence led to reduced proliferation and invasion of PTC cells. Mechanistically, NR2F1-AS1 interacted with miR-423-5p to induce SOX12 expression in PTC cells. In conclusion, the present study firstly stated that NR2F1-AS1 regulated miR-423-5p/SOX12 to promote proliferation and invasion of PTC, indicating NR2F1-AS1 as a potential novel target for the molecular-targeted therapy of PTC.

12.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16602, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719639

RESUMO

Maintaining the viability of the apical shoot is critical for continued vertical growth in plants. Terminal shoot of tree species Paulownia cannot regrow in subsequent years. The short day (SD) treatment leads to apical growth cessation and dormancy. To understand the molecular basis of this, we further conducted global RNA-Seq based transcriptomic analysis in apical shoots to check regulation of gene expression. We obtained ~219 million paired-end 125-bp Illumina reads from five time-courses and de novo assembled them to yield 49,054 unigenes. Compared with the untreated control, we identified 1540 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) which were found to involve in 116 metabolic pathways. Expression of 87% of DEGs exhibited switch-on or switch-off pattern, indicating key roles in growth cessation. Most DEGs were enriched in the biological process of gene ontology categories and at later treatment stages. The pathways of auxin and circadian network were most affected and the expression of associated DEGs was characterised. During SD induction, auxin genes IAA, ARF and SAURs were down-regulated and circadian genes including PIF3 and PRR5 were up-regulated. PEPC in photosynthesis was constitutively upregulated, suggesting a still high CO2 concentrating activity; however, the converting CO2 to G3P in the Calvin cycle is low, supported by reduced expression of GAPDH encoding the catalysing enzyme for this step. This indicates a de-coupling point in the carbon fixation. The results help elucidate the molecular mechanisms for SD inducing dormancy and cessation in apical shoots.

13.
Mol Med Rep ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746391

RESUMO

Previous microRNA (miR) microarray analysis revealed that miR­218 is downregulated in cervical cancer tissues. The present study aimed to further evaluate the expression of miR­218 in cervical cancer specimens, determine the association between its expression with disease progression, and investigate the roles of miR­218 in cervical cancer cells. Tissue specimens were obtained from 80 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma, 30 patients with high­grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia [(CIN) II/III] and 15 patients with low­grade CIN (CINI); in addition, 60 plasma samples were obtained from patients with cervical cancer, and 15 normal cervical tissue specimens and 30 plasma samples were obtained from healthy women. These samples were used for analysis of miR­218 expression via reverse transcription­-quantitative PCR. In addition, tumor cells were transfected with miR­218 mimics, human papillomavirus (HPV)16 E6/E7 small interfering RNA, or their respective negative controls to determine the viability, colony formation, migration and invasion of cells using MTT, colony formation, wound healing and Transwell assays, respectively. Target genes of miR­218 were bioinformatically predicted and analyzed using Gene Ontology (GO) terms. The results revealed that miR­218 was downregulated in the tumor tissues and plasma of patients with cervical cancer, with expression associated with the advanced clinicopathological characteristics of patients, including HPV positivity, tumor size, blood vessel invasion and lymph node metastasis. Furthermore, miR­218 overexpression reduced tumor cell viability and xenograft growth, and suppressed tumor cell migration and invasion. HPV was detected in 75% of the 80 patients with cervical cancer, and HPV positivity was inversely associated with miR­218 expression. In addition, bioinformatics analysis predicted that roundabout guidance receptor 1 (ROBO1) was a target gene of miR­218; miR­218 overexpression significantly reduced ROBO1 levels. Furthermore, GO analysis revealed that ROBO1 was involved in regulating cell proliferation, adhesion and migration, and the cell cycle. In conclusion, the findings of the present study suggested that miR­218 may possess antitumor activities in cervical cancer.

14.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 187: 105548, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669930

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pre-operative Halo-gravity traction in the treatment of severe neurofibromatosis type 1 and congenital scoliosis patients with thoracic rotatory subluxation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 and congenital scoliosis undergoing Halo-gravity traction were reviewed. Radiographic parameters were measured at pre-, post-traction and post-operation. The forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in 1 s were recorded at pre- and post-traction. The neurologic function were assessed according to the Frankel score. The complications during Halo-gravity traction, operation and post-operative follow-up were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 35 patients (21M and 14F) with rotatory subluxation including 18 neurofibromatosis type 1 and 17 congenital scoliosis patients were included, of whom the average age was 14.9 ± 4.8 years. The average duration of Halo-gravity traction was 72.3 ± 11.2 days, during which the average Cobb angle improved from 105.4 ± 34.2° to 81.7 ± 32.6° (P < 0.001), and the global kyphosis decreased from 79.2 ± 22.5° to 59.7 ± 23.0° (P = 0.003). At pre-traction, the values of coronal and sagittal rotatory subluxation were 9.3 ± 5.2 mm and 7.5 ± 3.5 mm, which significantly improved to 6.7 ± 3.6 mm (P < 0.001) and 4.9 ± 2.3 mm (P < 0.001), respectively. The average improvement in forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in 1 s were from 43.6% to 54.2% predicted and from 40.4% to 48.8% predicted, respectively. After Halo-gravity traction, the Frankel scores improved from C to D in 3 patients, from D to E in 2 patients. CONCLUSION: Halo-gravity traction can improve the coronal and sagittal curvature, and the rotatory subluxation in neurofibromatosis type 1 and congenital scoliosis patients. The pre-operative Halo-gravity traction is a safe option for severe neurofibromatosis type 1 and congenital scoliosis patients with rotatory subluxation.

15.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 187: 105573, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706107

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Advanced techniques such as volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) may reduce radiation damage and improve the quality of life for patients.We performed a study comparing dose distributions to the planning target volumes(PTVs) and other organs at risk (OARs) of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT),coplanar VMAT (coVMAT), and non-coplanar VMAT (ncVMAT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 13 patients with GBM who had undergone postoperative radiotherapy were enrolled. Three plans for each patient were created, namely, IMRT, coVMAT, and ncVMAT. Prescription doses and normal-tissue constraints were identical for these three plans. The dosimetric differences of target dose distribution, conformity index (CI), homogeneity index (HI), the gradient index (GI), dose of OARs, monitor units (MUs) and beam-on times among these three plans were investigated. RESULTS: These three techniques resulted in comparable maximum, minimum, and mean PTV doses. Small but insignificant differences were observed in GI,CI, and HI. Compared with IMRT, VMAT plans showed statistically significant reductions in the mean doses to the optic chiasm (P < 0.05). Compared with IMRT, VMAT techniques significantly reduced the number of MUs and less beam-on time than IMRT techniques (P < 0.05). However, calculation times were significantly longer for ncVMAT and coVMAT plans at 12 and 12.3 min, versus 2.6 min for IMRT. Our study showed that IMRT or VMAT planning is feasible and efficient for patients with GBM.Compared to IMRT plans, ncVMAT or coVMAT plans showed similar PTV coverage and comparable OARs sparing. VMAT plans significantly reduces the mean doses to the optic chiasm than IMRT plans. CONCLUSION: There was no obvious superiority of ncVMAT over coVMAT in target coverage and sparing of OARs.Compared with IMRT, VMAT techniques significantly reduced the number of MUs and beam-on time but extended the calculation times.

16.
Asian J Androl ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710002

RESUMO

Intraductal carcinoma of the prostate (IDC-P) is an aggressive pathological pattern of prostate cancer (PCa). We investigated the association of IDC-P in prostate biopsy (PBx) with several pathological features after radical prostatectomy (RP) and its prognostic value in high-risk PCa. A total of 418 patients with high-risk PCa after RP were included in this study. IDC-P and its architectural patterns were identified according to the 2016 World Health Organization Classification. Chi-squared test and logistic regression were used to investigate the correlation between IDC-P and post-RP pathological features. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression were applied to explore the prognostic value of IDC-P. IDC-P was identified in PBx in 36/418 (8.6%) patients. Logistic regression indicated that IDC-P in PBx was independently associated with several pathological features of RP, including Gleason score 8-10 (P < 0.001), seminal vesicular invasion (P < 0.001), and pathological T (pT) 3a (P = 0.043). Patients with IDC-P in PBx manifested poorer biochemical-free survival (BFS) than those without IDC-P (37.47 months vs not reached, P < 0.001). The addition of IDC-P in several prognostic nomograms could improve the predictive accuracy of these tools. We conclude that IDC-P in PBx is positively associated with several aggressive pathological features after RP in high-risk PCa. In addition, IDC-P in PBx could effectively predict the BFS of high-risk PCa patients after RP.

17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782429

RESUMO

We prepared a nanoprobe through self-assembly of gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) and using FITC-modified hyaluronic acid (HA) for ratiometric sensing of highly reactive oxygen species (hROS). Taking advantage of the aggregation-induced emission (AIE) properties of the self-assembled AuNCs, hROS-responsive cleavage of HA, and the ratiometric signal change of dual-emission, the nanoprobe exhibited excellent performance in imaging hROS in living cells.

18.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17444, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767895

RESUMO

Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) is the recommended first line therapy for patients with HIV. Since 2004, Chinese government has provided free Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for Chinese HIV/AIDS patients. Data of living patients with HIV from the NFTCMP database and Center for Disease Control (CDC) database during 2003-2016 in Guangxi province was obtained and compared. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to their recorded treatment regimens. A total of 2954 patients with their treatment recorded in the two databases were included for analysis, their median age was 46 years (IQR = 36-59), and 64.63% were male. CHM regimens users had baseline CD4 cell counts (380.11 ± 240.59 cell/µL), approximately 100 cell/µL significantly higher than patients receiving CHM combined with ART regimens or only ART regimens. There was no significant difference in mortality among groups. All three regimens improved patients' CD4 cell counts. Compared to the sharp improvement in ART group during the first 6 months, CD4 cell counts of patients in CHM group and CHM combined with ART group showed a smooth and steady rise. CD4 cell counts of the combined group remained much lower than ART group in the first 3 years, but overtook ART group in the fourth year.

19.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(47): 13119-13126, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686506

RESUMO

Phospholipids have been widely used in food, medicine, cosmetics, and other fields because of their unique chemical structure and healthcare functions. Phospholipase D (PLD) is a key biocatalyst for the biotransformation of phospholipids. Here, an autodisplay expression system was constructed for rapid screening of mutants, and PLD variants were recombined using DNA shuffling technology and three beneficial mutations were obtained. The results of enzymatic performance and sequence information comparison indicated that C-terminal amino acids exerted a greater impact on the correct folding of PLDs, and N-terminal amino acids are more important for catalytic reaction. The best-performing recombinant enzyme in transphosphatidylation reactions was Recom-34, with a phosphatidylserine content accounting for 80.3% of total phospholipids and a 3.24-fold increased conversion rate compared to the parent enzyme. This study demonstrates great significance for screening ideal biocatalysts, facilitating soluble expression of inclusion body proteins, and identifying key amino acids.

20.
Parkinsonism Relat Disord ; 69: 94-98, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autosomal-dominant striatal degeneration (ADSD) is a rare neurodegenerative movement disorder caused by mutations in the Phosphodiesterase 8B (PDE8B) gene. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the clinical and imaging features of a Chinese ADSD family and determine whether mutations in PDE8B are associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) or Parkinsonism. METHODS: Clinical, imaging and genetic findings in a Chinese ADSD family are reported. Rare, potentially pathogenic variants in PDE8B were searched in whole-exome sequencing datasets from 1714 PD or parkinsonism patients and 1039 controls. RESULTS: An ADSD diagnosis was confirmed by a nonsense mutation in PDE8B (p.E102X) in a patient and a presymptomatic carrier. Clinically, the patient exhibited progressive parkinsonism without tremor and ataxia phenotype. Neuroimaging showed an inhomogeneous increased signal in the patient's striatum on T1-weighted images but a decreased signal in the presymptomatic carrier. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) showed a disturbance in the white matter fiber distribution, especially between the lentiform nucleus and caudate nucleus, which was more prominent in the patient than in the presymptomatic carrier. Within the 1714 patients, three PDE8B missense variants were identified that were unlikely to be the cause of the parkinsonism phenotype according to the functional prediction and mutation types reported in ADSD. CONCLUSIONS: For the first time, we described the typical ataxia phenotype in ADSD. A loss of white matter fiber integrity was shown on DTI scanning. No causative PDE8B mutation was discovered in our cohort of PD or Parkinsonism patients.

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