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1.
FASEB J ; 37(3): e22779, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723798

RESUMO

Preeclampsia is a gestational disease characterized by two major pathological changes-shallow trophoblast invasion and impaired spiral artery remodeling. Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a kind of peptide hormone that regulates blood pressure, while the lack of active ANP participates in preeclampsia pathogenesis. However, the underlying mechanism of how ANP modulates trophoblasts function remains unclarified. Here, we performed isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) in ANP-treated HTR-8/SVneo cells and identified Protein Kinase 3 (PKN3) as the downstream factor of ANP, which was downregulated in preeclamptic placenta. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis and luciferase assays showed that NFYA was one of the transcription factors for the PKN3 promoter, which was also regulated by ANP treatment in HTR-8/SVneo cells. Transmission electron microscopy and Western Blotting in HTR-8/SVneo cells indicated that ANP inhibited autophagy via AMPK-mTORC1 signaling, while excess autophagy was observed in preeclamptic placenta. The increased expression of PKN3 and enhanced cell invasion ability in HTR-8/SVneo cells induced by ANP could be abolished by autophagy activation or transfection with PKN3 shRNA or NFYA shRNA or NPR-A shRNA via regulating the invasion-related genes and the epithelial mesenchymal transition molecules. Our results demonstrated that ANP could enhance trophoblast invasion by upregulating PKN3 via NFYA promotion through autophagy inhibition in an AMPK/mTORC1 signaling-dependent manner.


Assuntos
Pré-Eclâmpsia , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Pré-Eclâmpsia/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Placenta/metabolismo , Trofoblastos/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Autofagia , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Movimento Celular
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(2): 430-442, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725233

RESUMO

The chemical constituents in stem leaf, root, and flower of Ixeris sonchifolia were identified by the ultra performance li-quid chromatography coupled with linear ion trap quadrupole-orbitrap mass spectrometry(UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS~n). The separation was performed on an Acquity UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 µm) with a mobile phase of water(containing 0.1% formic acid, A)-acetonitrile(B) with gradient elution. With electrospray ionization source, the data of 70% methanol extract from stem leaf, root and flower of I. sonchifolia were collected by high-resolution full-scan Fourier transform spectroscopy, data dependent acquisition, precursor ion scan, and selected ion monitoring in the negative and positive ion modes. The compounds were identified based on accurate molecular weight, retention time, fragment ions, comparison with reference standard, Clog P and references. A total of 131 compounds were identified from the 70% methanol extract of I. sonchifolia, including nucleosides, flavonoids, organic acids, terpenoids, and phenylpropanoids, and 119, 110, and 126 compounds were identified from the stem leaf, root and flower of I. sonchifolia, respectively. In addition, isorhamnetin, isorhamnetin-7-O-sambubioside and caffeylshikimic acid were discovered from I. sonchifolia for the first time. This study comprehensively analyzed and compared the chemical constituents in different parts of I. sonchifolia, which facilitated the discovery of effective substances and the development and application of medicinal material resources of I. sonchifolia.


Assuntos
Asteraceae , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Metanol , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas
3.
Infect Drug Resist ; 16: 435-443, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36721635

RESUMO

Introduction: More than half of the world's people are infected or have been infected with Helicobacter pylori. This infection is related to many diseases, with its pathogenicity related to virulence factors. Therefore, the rapid diagnosis of H. pylori and genotyping of virulence genes play an extremely important role in the clinical treatment and control of transmission. Methods: To this end, we developed a molecular detection method based on RPA- CRISPR-Cas12a technology for the specific genes 16S rDNA gene, cytotoxin associated gene A(cagA), and vacuolating cytotoxin A (vacA) of H. pylori. Results: The results of which were displayed by lateral flow strips. Macroscopic observation takes only about 25 minutes and the sensitivity is 2ng/microliter. Discussion: The method is simple, convenient to operate and has low costs, and can therefore be applied widely to the detection and typing of H. pylori in various environments such as primary hospitals, community clinics, outdoors, and large medical institutions.

4.
Pediatr Dermatol ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36724903

RESUMO

CARD14-associated papulosquamous eruption (CAPE), a spectrum that includes clinical features of psoriasis and pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP), is associated with activating mutations in the CARD14 gene. Herein we describe the clinical features of a family with CAPE and a novel mutation of CARD14, and highlight ectropion as part of the phenotypic spectrum of CAPE.

5.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723364

RESUMO

For humans, ultraviolet (UV) light from sun is harmful to our eyes and eye-related cells. This detrimental fact requires scientists to search for a material that can efficiently absorb UV light while allowing lossless transmission of visible light. Using an unbiased first-principles swarm intelligence structure search, we explored two-dimensional (2D) Sc-S crystals and identified a novel Sc2S3 monolayer with good thermal and dynamical stability. The optoelectronic property simulations revealed that the Sc2S3 monolayer has a wide indirect bandgap (3.05 eV) and possesses an ultrahigh carrier mobility (2.8 × 103 cm2 V-1 s-1). Remarkably, it has almost transparent visible light absorption, while it exhibits an ultrahigh absorption coefficient up to × 105 cm-1 in the ultraviolet region. Via the application of biaxial strain and thickness modulation, the UV light absorption coefficients of Sc2S3 can be further improved. These findings manifest an attractive UV blocking optoelectronic characteristic of the Sc2S3 configuration as a prototypical nanomaterial for the potential application in UV blocking filters.

6.
J Adv Res ; 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36706987

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Scaffolds loaded with antibacterial agents and osteogenic drugs are considered essential tools for repairing bone defects caused by osteomyelitis. However, the simultaneous release of two drugs leads to premature osteogenesis and subsequent sequestrum formation in the pathological situation of unthorough antibiosis. OBJECTIVES: In this study, a spatiotemporal drug-release polydopamine-functionalized mesoporous silicon nanoparticle (MSN) core/shell drug delivery system loaded with antibacterial silver (Ag) nanoparticles and osteogenic dexamethasone (Dex) was constructed and introduced into a poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) scaffold for osteomyelitis therapy. METHODS: MSNs formed the inner core and were loaded with Dex through electrostatic adsorption (MSNs@Dex), and then polydopamine was used to seal the core through the self-assembly of dopamine as the outer shell (pMSNs@Dex). Ag nanoparticles were embedded in the polydopamine shell via an in situ growth technique. Finally, the Ag-pMSNs@Dex nanoparticles were introduced into PLLA scaffolds (Ag-pMSNs@Dex/PLLA) constructed by selective laser sintering (SLS). RESULTS: The Ag-pMSNs@Dex/PLLA scaffold released Ag+ at the 12th hour, followed by the release of Dex starting on the fifth day. The experiments verified that the scaffold had excellent antibacterial performance against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Moreover, the scaffold significantly enhanced the osteogenic differentiation of mouse bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. CONCLUSION: The findings suggested that this spatiotemporal drug release scaffold had promising potential for osteomyelitis therapy.

7.
BMC Genomics ; 24(1): 1, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36593441

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Balanced reciprocal translocation (BRT) is one of the most common chromosomal abnormalities that causes infertility, recurrent miscarriage, and birth defects. Preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) is widely used to select euploid embryos for BRT carriers to increase the chance of a healthy live birth. Several strategies can be used to distinguish reciprocal translocation carrier embryos from those with a normal karyotype; however, these techniques are time-consuming and difficult to implement in clinical laboratories. In this study, nanopore sequencing was performed in two reciprocal translocation carriers, and the results were validated using the next-generation sequencing-based method named, "Mapping Allele with Resolved Carrier Status" (MaReCs). RESULTS: The translocation breakpoints in both reciprocal translocation carriers were accurately identified by nanopore sequencing and were in accordance with the results obtained using MaReCs. More than one euploid non-balanced translocation carrier embryo was identified in both patients. Amniocentesis results revealed normal karyotypes, consistent with the findings by MaReCs and nanopore sequencing. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that nanopore sequencing is a powerful strategy for accurately distinguishing non-translocation embryos from translocation carrier embryos and precisely localizing translocation breakpoints, which is essential for PGT and aids in reducing the propagation of reciprocal translocation in the population.


Assuntos
Sequenciamento por Nanoporos , Diagnóstico Pré-Implantação , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Fertilização In Vitro , Diagnóstico Pré-Implantação/métodos , Testes Genéticos , Translocação Genética , Blastocisto
8.
Environ Res ; 222: 115362, 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36709870

RESUMO

Sweet sorghum is a high-yield crop with strong resistance, which has the potential to support the development of the forage farming industry in China where vast salt-affected lands are potentially arable. Nutrient management is imperative for sweet sorghum growing on salt-affected lands. Although nitrogen (N) synthetic fertilizers have long been recognized as a key factor for increasing crop yields, their effects on sweet sorghum cultivation are under debate. Consequently, this study integrated the current available observations of yield (n = 255) and partial factor productivity of nitrogen (NPFP, n = 242) of sweet sorghum in salt-affected lands, which included both inland (n = 189) and coastal (n = 66) areas. We quantitatively analyzed the effects of climatic, soil properties and management measures on biomass yield and NPFP of sweet sorghum, comparing the differences between inland and coastal salt-affected lands. We found that average biomass yield and NPFP of sweet sorghum in coastal areas were 19,082.48 ± 8262.75 kg/ha and 107.29 ± 51.44 kg/kg respectively, both significantly lower than that in inland areas (p < 0.05). The N application rate did not have significant promoting effect on the biomass yield of sweet sorghum in inland salt-affected areas (p > 0.05), whereas in coastal salt-affected areas, N application significantly increased the biomass yield of sweet sorghum. Increasing soil organic matter content could promote NPFP in inland areas. The recommended N application rate for inland salt-affected and coastal salt-affected areas were 100 kg/ha and 150 kg/ha respectively. The results indicate that it is crucial to apply nutrient management measures based on the local climatic and soil conditions, since the causes of salinity differ in coastal and inland salt-affected lands. More systematic field studies are required in the future to optimize the management of water and nutrients for sweet sorghum planting in salt-affected lands.

9.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 42(1): 12, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: LINC00173 had been reported as a cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum, DDP) chemotherapy-resistant inducer in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) and lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC). This study aimed to display reverse data for LINC00173 as a DDP chemosensitivity-inducing factor in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). METHODS: LINC00173 was screened from the Gene Expression Omnibus database (GSE43493). The expression level of LINC00173 in LUAD tissues and cell lines was detected using in situ hybridization and quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Colony formation, cell viability, half-maximal inhibitory concentration, flow cytometry, and xenograft mouse model were used to evaluate the role of LINC00173 in the chemosensitivity of LUAD to DDP. The mechanism of LINC00173 in DDP resistance by mediating miR-1275/PROCA1/ZFP36L2 axis to impair BCL2 mRNA stability was applied, and co-immunoprecipitation, chromatin immunoprecipitation, RNA antisense purification, RNA immunoprecipitation, and luciferase reporter assays were performed. RESULTS: LINC00173 downregulation in patients with DDP-resistant LUAD was correlated with poor prognosis. Further, LINC00173 expression was significantly reduced in DDP-resistant LUAD cells and DDP-treated human LUAD tissues. Suppressed LINC00173 expression in LUAD cells enhanced DDP chemoresistance in vivo and in vitro, while restored LINC00173 expression in DDP-resistant LUAD cells markedly regained chemosensitivity to DDP. Mechanistically, DDP-resistant LUAD cells activated PI3K/AKT signal and further elevated the c-Myc expression. The c-Myc, as an oncogenic transcriptional factor, bound to the promoter of LINC00173 and suppressed its expression. The reduced LINC00173 expression attenuated the adsorption of oncogenic miR-1275, downregulating the expression of miR-1275 target gene PROCA1. PROCA1 played a potential tumor-suppressive role inducing cell apoptosis and DDP chemosensitivity via recruiting ZFP36L2 to bind to the 3' untranslated region of BCL2, reducing the stability of BCL2 mRNA and thus activating the apoptotic signal. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated a novel and critical role of LINC00173. It was transcriptionally repressed by DDP-activated PI3K/AKT/c-Myc signal in LUAD, promoting DDP-acquired chemotherapeutic resistance by regulating miR-1275 to suppress PROCA1/ZFP36L2-induced BCL2 degradation, which led to apoptotic signal reduction. These data were not consistent with the previously described role of LINC00173 in SCLC or LUSC, which suggested that LINC00173 could play fine-tuned DDP resistance roles in different pathological subtypes of lung cancer. This study demonstrated that the diminished expression of LINC00173 might serve as an indicator of DDP-acquired resistance in LUAD.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Regulação para Baixo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Estabilidade de RNA
11.
Cell Rep Phys Sci ; : 101249, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36714073

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has posed a severe threat to human life and the global economy. Although conventional treatments, including vaccines, antibodies, and small-molecule inhibitors, have been broadly developed, they usually fall behind the constant mutation of SARS-CoV-2, due to the long screening process and high production cost. Functional nucleic acid (FNA)-based therapeutics are a newly emerging promising means against COVID-19, considering their timely adaption to different mutants and easy design for broad-spectrum virus inhibition. In this review, we survey typical FNA-related therapeutics against SARS-CoV-2 infection, including aptamers, aptamer-integrated DNA frameworks, functional RNA, and CRISPR-Cas technology. We first introduce the pathogenesis, transmission, and evolution of SARS-CoV-2, then analyze the existing therapeutic and prophylactic strategies, including their pros and cons. Subsequently, the FNAs are recommended as potent alternative therapeutics from their screening process and controllable engineering to effective neutralization. Finally, we put forward the remaining challenges of the existing field and sketch out the future development directions.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36718977

RESUMO

Insertion of ionic compounds into open-cage fullerenes is a challenging task due to the electron positive nature of the cavity. The present work reports the preparation of an open-cage C60 derivative with a hydroxyl group pointing towards the centre of the cavity, which can coordinate to a metal cation, thus acting as a bait/hook to trap the metal cation such as the lithium cation in neutral LiF and the beryllium cation in the cationic [BeF]+ species. Other metal salts could not be inserted under similar conditions. The structure of MF in the cage was unambiguously determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Owing to its polycoordination tendency, Li+ monomer salt has not yet been isolated before in spite of extensive research on Li-bond. The present results provide a unique example of Li-bond.

13.
Biofabrication ; 15(2)2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36608335

RESUMO

Tissue engineering of hair follicles (HFs) has enormous potential in the treatment of hair loss. HF morphogenesis is triggered by reciprocal interactions between HF germ epithelial and mesenchymal layers. Here, a microfluidic-assisted technology is developed for the preparation of double aqueous microdroplets that entrap double-layer cells and growth factors to ultimately be used for hair regeneration. Mouse mesenchymal cells (MSCs) and epidermal cells (EPCs) are encapsulated in gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) cores and photo-curable catechol-grafted hyaluronic acid (HAD) shells to fabricate GelMA-MSC/HAD-EPC (G/HAD) microspheres. The findings show that the G/HAD microspheres exhibit ultrafast gelation, aqueous phase separation, superior biocompatibility, and favorable wet adhesion properties. G/HAD microspheres can also support cell proliferation and sustain growth factor release. These composite cell microspheres are capable of efficient HF generation upon transplantation into the dorsal dermis of nude mice. This finding facilitates the large-scale preparation of approximately 80 double-layer cell spheres per min. This simple double-layer cell sphere preparation approach is a promising strategy for improving current hair-regenerative medicine techniques and can potentially be applied along with other organoid techniques for extended applications.


Assuntos
Biomimética , Microfluídica , Camundongos , Animais , Microesferas , Camundongos Nus , Cabelo , Regeneração
14.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36607701

RESUMO

A Co3O4-activated chlorite (Co3O4/chlorite) process was developed to enable the simultaneous generation of high-valent cobalt species [Co(IV)] and ClO2 for efficient oxidation of organic contaminants. The formation of Co(IV) in the Co3O4/chlorite process was demonstrated through phenylmethyl sulfoxide (PMSO) probe and 18O-isotope-labeling tests. Both experiments and theoretical calculations revealed that chlorite activation involved oxygen atom transfer (OAT) during Co(IV) formation and proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) in the Co(IV)-mediated ClO2 generation. Protons not only promoted the generation of Co(IV) and ClO2 by lowering the energy barrier but also strengthened the resistance of the Co3O4/chlorite process to coexisting anions, which we termed a proton enhancement effect. Although both Co(IV) and ClO2 exhibited direct oxidation of contaminants, their contributions varied with pH changes. When pH increased from 3 to 5, the deprotonation of contaminants facilitated the electrophilic attack of ClO2, while as pH increased from 5 to 8, Co(IV) gradually became the main contributor to contaminant degradation owing to its higher stability than ClO2. Moreover, ClO2- was transformed into nontoxic Cl- rather than ClO3- after the reaction, thus greatly reducing possible environmental risks. This work described a Co(IV)-involved chlorite activation process for efficient removal of organic contaminants, and a proton enhancement mechanism was revealed.

15.
Regen Ther ; 22: 39-49, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36618488

RESUMO

Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), which provides structural integrity and regulates the diameter of vasculature, are of great potential for modeling vascular-associated diseases and tissue engineering. Here, we presented a detailed comparison of differentiating human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) into VSMCs (hPSCs-VSMCs) in four different culture methods, including 2-dimensional (2D) culture, 3-dimensional (3D) PNIPAAm-PEG hydrogel culture, 3-dimensional (3D) alginate hydrogel culture, and transferring 3-dimensional alginate hydrogel culture to 2-dimensional (2D) culture. Both hydrogel-based culture methods could mimic in vivo microenvironment to protect cells from shear force, and avoid cells agglomeration, resulting in the extremely high culture efficiency (e.g., high viability, high purity and high yield) compared with 2D culture. We demonstrated hPSC-VSMCs produced from hydrogel-based culture methods had better contractile phenotypes and the potential of vasculature formation. The transcriptome analysis showed the hPSC-VSMCs derived from hydrogel-based culture methods displayed more upregulated genes in vasculature development, angiogenesis and blood vessel development, extracellular matrix compared with 2D culture. Taken together, hPSC-VSMCs produced from hydrogel-based culture system could be applied in various biomedical fields, and further indicated the suitable development of alginate hydrogel for industrial production by taking all aspects into consideration.

16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629355

RESUMO

Astaxanthin is a high-value red pigment and antioxidant widely used in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food industries. However, the hydrophobicity of astaxanthin causes its low bioavailability. Glycosylation can substantially increase the water solubility of astaxanthin, thus enhancing its bioavailability, photostability, and biological activities. In this study, we report for the first time the heterologous production of glycosylated astaxanthin in Yarrowia lipolytica. By appropriate removal of the chloroplast transit peptide, carotenoid 4-hydroxy-ß-ring 4-dehydrogenase (HBFD) and carotenoid ß-ring 4-dehydrogenase (CBFD) from Adonis aestivalis were expressed in a ß-carotene-producing Y. lipolytica strain, resulting in astaxanthin production with a yield of 0.59 mg/L, 0.05 mg/g DCW. This is the first time to successfully construct a plant-derived astaxanthin synthesis pathway in yeast. Modularized assembly of CBFD and HBFD, replacement of the promoter upstream CBFD, increasing the precursor ß-carotene supply, and regulating the expressions of CBFD and HBFD led to a 4.9-fold increase in astaxanthin production (3.46 mg/L). Finally, introduction of crtX from Pantoea ananatis ATCC 19321 into the astaxanthin-producing strain enabled glycosylated astaxanthin production, and the yield reached 1.47 mg/L, which is the highest yield of microbially produced glycosylated astaxanthin reported to date.

17.
BMC Pulm Med ; 23(1): 8, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary sequestration (PS) is the second common congenital lung malformation and has been known for over 150 years. However, there is a scarcity of epidemiological studies on it. This study aimed to characterize the epidemiology of pulmonary sequestration in Chinese population in the recent decade by using a nationwide database. METHODS: Using data from the Chinese Birth Defects Monitoring Network during 2010-2019, the prevalence rates for PS were calculated by birth year, maternal age, residence area, geographical region, and infant sex. Variations in prevalence and changes over time were further examined. Other variables of interest for analysis included the pregnancy outcomes of affected infants, the prenatal diagnosis, and the co-occurring anomalies of PS cases. RESULTS: During the study period, we identified an average prevalence rate of 0.31, 0.11, and 0.42 per 10,000 live and still births for the isolated, non-isolated, and overall PS, respectively. An upward trend was observed for each category of PS. The prevalence rates varied significantly by maternal age (< 20 years, 0.34/10,000; 20-24 years, 0.33/10,000; 25-29 years, 0.45/10,000; 30-34 years, 0.46/10,000; ≥ 35 years, 0.36/10,000), residence area (urban vs. rural, 0.51/10,000 vs. 0.30/10,000), geographical region (western, 0.33/10,000; eastern, 0.49/10,000; central, 0.43/10,000), and by infant sex (male vs. female, 0.45/10,000 vs. 0.38/10,000). Non-isolated PS cases were more likely born prematurely than isolated cases (15.29% vs. 7.83%). 40.28% and 33.80% of non-isolated cases were accompanied by additional respiratory, and circulatory system malformations, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The study presents for the first time the prevalence of pulmonary sequestration in Chinese population. The rising prevalence and relatively poor perinatal outcome of affected fetuses or newborns indicate the necessity to improve perinatal management of PS.


Assuntos
Sequestro Broncopulmonar , Gravidez , Humanos , Masculino , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Sequestro Broncopulmonar/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Idade Materna , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal
18.
Hum Gene Ther ; 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680755

RESUMO

Agmatinase (AGMAT) is an enzyme that hydrolyzes agmatine to putrescine and urea. Here, we explored the functions of AGMAT in colorectal cancer (CRC). By performing gain-of-function and loss-of-function experiments, we investigated the roles of AGMAT in proliferation, cell cycle progression, and apoptosis of CRC cells. We also established a colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CAC) model by challenging mice with azoxymethane (AOM) and dextran sodium sulfate (DSS), and we subsequently silenced AGMAT expression in mice by adeno-associated virus 9 (AAV9)-mediated delivery of short hairpin RNA (shRNA). In vitro experiments showed that overexpression of AGAMT accelerated the proliferation and inhibited the apoptosis of CRC cells, and AGMAT knockdown exhibited the opposite effects. Interestingly, the oncogenic transcription factor c-Myc could bind to the AGMAT promoter and transcriptionally increase AGMAT expression in CRC cells. Additionally, c-Myc and AGMAT were upregulated in the colon of AOM/DSS-treated mice, and AGMAT silencing significantly mitigated colitis in AOM/DSS-treated mice, as evidenced by the increased colon length, attenuated crypt damage, and reduced levels of inflammatory indicators (myeloperoxidase, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, inducible nitric oxide synthase, and phosphorylated p65) in colon tissues. Notably, AGMAT silencing decreased both the number and size of tumors, reduced expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and inhibited the phosphorylation of protein kinase B (AKT) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in the colon of AOM/DSS-treated mice. Overall, we determined that AGMAT facilitates tumor progression in CRC. Our findings will be helpful in the search for potential therapeutic targets for CRC.

19.
Mol Med Rep ; 27(3)2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695184

RESUMO

Subsequently to the publication of this paper, an interested reader drew to the authors' attention that, in Fig. 4A on p. 6 showing the effects of NEP1­40 on MBP expression as determined via immunohistochemical analysis, certain of the data panels appeared to be overlapping, such that they may have been derived from the same original source. After having examined their original data, the authors have realized that these data panels were inadvertently assembled incorrectly. A corrected version of Fig. 4 is shown below, incorporating data from one of the alternative experiments in Fig. 4A. Note that these errors did not significantly affect the results or the conclusions reported in this paper, and all the authors agree to this Corrigendum. The authors are grateful to the Editor of Molecular Medicine Reports for allowing them the opportunity to publish this Corrigendum, and apologize to the readership for any inconvenience caused. [Molecular Medicine Reports 24: 844, 2021; DOI: 10.3892/mmr.2021.12484].

20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674521

RESUMO

Sucrose non-ferment 1-related protein kinase 2 (SnRK2) is a highly conserved protein kinase in plants that plays an important role in regulating plant response to drought stress. Although it has been reported in some plants, the evolutionary relationship of potato SnRK2s and their function in drought resistance have not been systematically analyzed. In this study, molecular characteristic analysis showed that 8 StSnRK2s were distributed on six chromosomes, coding proteins were divided into three subgroups, and StSnRK2s clustered in the same subgroup had similar conserved motifs and domains. In addition, StSnRK2 has a wide range of replication events in some species, making it closer to dicots in the process of evolution. In addition, the average nonsynonymous substitution rate/synonymous substitution rate (Ka/Ks) value of SnRK2s in monocots was higher than that of dicots. The codon usage index showed that SnRK2s prefer to use cytosine 3 (C3s), guanine 3 (G3s) and GC content (GC3s) in monocots, whereas thymine 3 (T3s) and adenine 3 (A3s) are preferred in dicots. Furthermore, stress response analysis showed that the expression of StSnRK2s under different degrees of drought stress significantly correlated with one or more stress-related physiological indices, such as proline and malondialdehyde (MDA) content, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activity, ion leakage (IL) etc. The drought resistance of StSnRK2 transgenic plants was determined to occur in the order of StSnRK2.1/2.8 > StSnRK2.2/2.5 > StSnRK2.4/2.6 > StSnRK2.3 > StSnRK2.7, was attributed to not only lower IL but also higher proline, soluble sugar contents and stress-related genes in transgenic plants compared to wild type (WT). In conclusion, this study provides useful insights into the evolution and function of StSnRK2s and lays a foundation for further study on the molecular mechanism of StSnRK2s regulating potato drought resistance.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Tabaco/metabolismo , Secas , Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Antioxidantes , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Prolina/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Estresse Fisiológico/genética
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