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1.
Theranostics ; 11(16): 8112-8128, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335983

RESUMO

The coiled-coil domain containing protein members have been well documented for their roles in many diseases including cancers. However, the function of the coiled-coil domain containing 65 (CCDC65) remains unknown in tumorigenesis including gastric cancer. Methods: CCDC65 expression and its correlation with clinical features and prognosis of gastric cancer were analyzed in tissue. The biological role and molecular basis of CCDC65 were performed via in vitro and in vivo assays and a various of experimental methods including co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP), GST-pull down and ubiquitination analysis et al. Finally, whether metformin affects the pathogenesis of gastric cancer by regulating CCDC65 and its-mediated signaling was investigated. Results: Here, we found that downregulated CCDC65 level was showed as an unfavourable factor in gastric cancer patients. Subsequently, CCDC65 or its domain (a.a. 130-484) was identified as a significant suppressor in GC growth and metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Molecular basis showed that CCDC65 bound to ENO1, an oncogenic factor has been widely reported to promote the tumor pathogenesis, by its domain (a.a. 130-484) and further promoted ubiquitylation and degradation of ENO1 by recruiting E3 ubiquitin ligase FBXW7. The downregulated ENO1 decreased the binding with AKT1 and further inactivated AKT1, which led to the loss of cell proliferation and EMT signal. Finally, we observed that metformin, a new anti-cancer drug, can significantly induce CCDC65 to suppress ENO1-AKT1 complex-mediated cell proliferation and EMT signals and finally suppresses the malignant phenotypes of gastric cancer cells. Conclusion: These results firstly highlight a critical role of CCDC65 in suppressing ENO1-AKT1 pathway to reduce the progression of gastric cancer and reveals a new molecular mechanism for metformin in suppressing gastric cancer. Our present study provides a new insight into the mechanism and therapy for gastric cancer.

2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9995384, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337071

RESUMO

Human Runt-associated transcription factor 3 (RUNX3) plays an important role in the development and progression of endometrial cancer (EC). However, the clinical and pathological significance of RUNX3 in EC needs to be further studied. In order to clarify the clinical and pathological significance of RUNX3, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted in EC patients. Keywords RUNX3, endometrial cancer, and uterine cancer were searched in Cochrane Library, Web of Knowledge, PubMed, CBM, MEDLINE, and Chinese CNKI database for data up to Dec 31, 2018. References, abstracts, and meeting proceedings were manually searched in supplementary. Outcomes were various clinical and pathological features. The two reviewers performed the literature searching, data extracting, and method assessing independently. Meta-analysis was performed by RevMan5.3.0. A total of 563 EC patients were enrolled from eight studies. Meta-analysis results showed that the expression of RUNX3 has significant differences in these comparisons: lymph node (LN) metastasis vs. non-LN metastasis (P = 0.26), EC tissues vs. normal tissues (P < 0.00001), clinical stages I/II vs. II/IV (P < 0.00001), muscular infiltration < 1/2 vs. muscular infiltration ≥ 1/2 (P < 0.00001), and G1 vs. G2/G3 (P < 0.00001). The decreasing expression of RUNX3 is associated with poor TNM stage and muscular infiltration. It is indicated that RUNX3 was involved in the suppression effect of EC. However, further multicenter randomized controlled trials are needed considering the small sample size of the included trials.

3.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(7): 3527-3534, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212679

RESUMO

Simultaneously reducing the availability of Cd and As is difficult owing to converse chemical behaviors of Cd and As in soil. In this study, amendments that can simultaneously immobilize Cd and As in soil were determined by an pure soil culture experiment in which flooding and wetting were performed for 30 d each. The effects of sepiolite (Sep), modified sepiolite (IMS and Sep-FM), steel slag (SS), and iron modified biochar (Fe-Bio) on soil pH, Eh, Cd, and As concentrations in pore water, and Cd and As fractions in soil were investigated. It showed that Sep (1%, 2.5%), IMS (1%, 2.5%), Sep-FM (1%, 2.5%), and SS (1%, 5%) treatments increased soil pH value and decreased Eh value and Cd concentrations in soil solution. In addition, As concentrations in soil solution treated with high doses of IMS (2.5%) and SS (5%) were lower than that of CK treatment during the whole incubation period. However, Fe-bio treatment decreased soil pH and increased Eh value and only decreased Cd and As concentrations in soil solution under wet conditions. Compared with the control, the application of the above amendments promoted the transformation of Cd fraction from exchangeable to reducible, oxidizable, and residual. High application rates of IMS (2.5%), Sep-FM (2.5%), and SS (5%) also reduced available As fraction (non-specifically sorbed and specifically-sorbed As fraction), and increased amorphous and poorly-crystalline hydrated Fe and Al oxide-bound As. On the contrary, Fe-bio treatment increased the fractions of non-specifically sorbed, specifically sorbed and residual As in soil. In short, IMS, Sep-FM, and SS are potential materials for remediation of Cd and As contaminated soil. They can effectively immobilize soil Cd and As and promote their transformation to the fractions that plants are difficult to uptake.


Assuntos
Oryza , Poluentes do Solo , Cádmio/análise , Carvão Vegetal , Poluição Ambiental/análise , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
5.
J Affect Disord ; 293: 492-501, 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34329858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prospective association between sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and depressive symptoms in Chinese adolescents. This study examined the independent predictive role of SDB symptoms in depressive symptoms in a large sample of adolescents. METHODS: A total of 11831 adolescents who participated in the baseline survey of Shandong Adolescent Behavior and Health Cohort and 7072 adolescents who were resurveyed 1 year later were included for the analyses. Adolescents completed a self-administered questionnaire about demographics, mental health, sleep problems, and family environment. SDB symptoms were assessed by 3 items about loud snoring, breathing pauses, and snorting/gasping. The Chinese Youth Self-Report anxious/depressed subscale was used to assess depressive symptoms. RESULTS: In the cross-sectional analyses, 11.8% adolescents had depressive symptoms, and elevated frequency of SDB symptoms were significantly associated with depressive symptoms. In the longitudinal study, 4.5% of adolescents had persistent depressive symptoms, the incidence rate of depressive symptoms at 1-year follow-up was 6.5%, and elevated frequency of any SDB symptoms (often: OR=2.23, 95%CI:1.50-3.32) at baseline was significantly associated with incident depressive symptoms after adjusting for potential confounders. The associations between SDB symptoms and depressive symptoms were similar for boys and girls. LIMITATION: SDB symptoms and depressive symptoms were measured by self-report. CONCLUSION: SDB symptoms are an independent and significant predictor of depressive symptoms in adolescents. Further research is needed to understand the biological mechanisms between SDB and mood dysregulation in adolescents.

6.
Postgrad Med J ; 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253568

RESUMO

Several immune checkpoint inhibitors targeting programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1)/programmed death 1 have successfully improved the prognosis of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) with approval in certain countries. However, whether the expression of PD-L1 is associated with the degree of benefit is unclear yet and a unified standard of antibody and cut-off value of PD-L1 detection is also lacking. The current meta-analysis then aimed to explore the association between PD-L1 expression and clinicopathological features as well as prognosis in ESCC.A systematic search on PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases was performed up to 30 March 2021. The correlation between PD-L1 expression and clinicopathological features, as well as prognosis in ESCC, was estimated with the random-effects model.A total of 5368 patients from 31 retrospective studies were enrolled. The overexpression of PD-L1 was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (OR 1.342, 95% CI 0.995 to 1.809, p=0.050) and distant metastasis (OR 1.516, 95% CI 1.001 to 2.294, p=0.050). The pooled HR showed that PD-L1 overexpression was significantly correlated with poor overall survival (OS) of patients with ESCC (HR 1.306, 95% CI 1.108 to 1.539, p<0.010) but not disease-free survival (DFS) (HR 1.180, 95% CI 0.937 to 1.487, p=0.160). Heterogeneity decreased significantly in subgroup analyses. The overexpression of PD-L1 was associated with poor DFS at the cut-off point of ≥1% (HR 1.642, 95% CI 1.367 to 1.973, p<0.010; I2=0%) and worse OS at the cut-off point of ≥10% (HR 1.575, 95% CI 1.175 to 2.111, p<0.010; I2=0%).The overexpression of PD-L1 was correlated with lymph node and distant metastasis as well as poor survival of ESCC.

7.
Hepatology ; 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is currently one of the most common causes of liver transplantation and hepatocellular carcinoma. Thus far, there is still no effective pharmacological therapy for this disease. Recently, Gastrodin has demonstrated hepatoprotective effects in a variety of liver diseases. The aim of this study is to investigate the function of Gastrodin in NASH. APPROACH AND RESULT: In our study, Gastrodin showed potent therapeutic effects on NASH both in vivo and in vitro. In high-fat diet (HFD)- or high-fat and high-cholesterol (HFHC) diet-fed mice, the liver weight, hepatic and serum triglyceride and cholesterol contents, the serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity levels were markedly reduced by Gastrodin treatment as compared to the corresponding vehicle groups. Notably, Gastrodin showed minimal effects on the function and histological characteristics of other major organs in mice. We further examined the effects of Gastrodin on lipid accumulation in primary mouse hepatocytes and human hepatocyte cell line, and observed that Gastrodin showed a significant decrease in lipid accumulation and inflammatory response in hepatocytes under metabolic stress. Furthermore, RNA-Seq analysis systemically indicated that Gastrodin suppressed the pathway and key regulators related to lipid accumulation, inflammation and fibrosis in the pathogenesis of NASH. Mechanistically, we found that Gastrodin protected against NASH by activating the AMPK pathway, which was supported by the result that the AMPK inhibitor compound C or AMPK knockdown blocked the Gastrodin-mediated hepatoprotective effect. CONCLUSION: Gastrodin attenuates steatohepatitis by activating the AMPK pathway and represents a novel therapeutic for the treatment of NASH.

8.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0254111, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242283

RESUMO

The enzyme myo-inositol oxygenase (MIOX) catalyzes the myo-inositol into glucuronic acid. In this study, 6 MIOX genes were identified from all of the three diploid cotton species (Gossypium arboretum, Gossypium herbaceum and Gossypium raimondii) and Gossypioides kirkii, 12 MIOX genes were identified from two domesticated tetraploid cottons Gossypium hirsutum, Gossypium barbadense, and 11 MIOX genes were identified from three wild tetraploid cottons Gossypium tomentosum, Gossypium mustelinum and Gossypium darwinii. The number of MIOX genes in tetraploid cotton genome is roughly twice that of diploid cotton genome. Members of MIOX family were classified into six groups based on the phylogenetic analysis. Integrated analysis of collinearity events and chromosome locations suggested that both whole genome duplication and segmental duplication events contributed to the expansion of MIOX genes during cotton evolution. The ratios of non-synonymous (Ka) and synonymous (Ks) substitution rates revealed that purifying selection was the main force driving the evolution of MIOX genes. Numerous cis-acting elements related to light responsive element, defense and stress responsive element were identified in the promoter of the MIOX genes. Expression analyses of MIOX genes based on RNA-seq data and quantitative real time PCR showed that MIOX genes within the same group shared similar expression patterns with each other. All of these results provide the foundation for further study of the biological functions of MIOX genes in cotton environmental adaptability.

9.
Nanoscale ; 13(28): 12342-12355, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254632

RESUMO

Despite recent efforts, there are still significant challenges in preparing hyper-hydrophobic membranes using environmental-friendly materials and simple methods. In this work, using phase separation theory, we prepared a fluorine-free hyper-hydrophobic porous hollow composite membrane using one-step ultrasound dip-coating. Then, fluorine-free modified titanium dioxide, polydimethylsilane and polypropylene was used to construct the porous membrane with a water contact angle of 161°. The distribution of surface elements, morphology, wetting and the scale of titanium on the membranes was characterized using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), the water contact angle and acid-alkali stability, wetting resistance, and so on. The membrane was evaluated for desalination in the presence of organic-pollutants. Under longer-term vacuum membrane distillation, compared with the general polypropylene membrane, the flux of the hyper-hydrophobic membrane increased to 12.17 kg (m2 h)-1, and the rejection rate reached 99.99%. These results indicated that the free-fluorine hyper-hydrophobic membrane could be used for seawater desalination. Finally, our results indicate that the hyper-hydrophobic modified membrane has good potential for use in industrial desalination.

10.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 43(3): 452-461, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238423

RESUMO

The primary and secondary tuberculosis features two completely different pathogenesis.At present,the pathogenesis of primary tuberculosis has been clear,whereas that of secondary tuberculosis remains unclear.In order to decipher the mechanism of secondary infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and provide insights into vaccine research and drug development,this paper reviews the problems of the widely accepted mechanism of secondary infection,the new findings of the research on the mechanism,as well as the role of cord factors.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Tuberculose Pulmonar , Tuberculose , Fatores Corda , Humanos
11.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 62(9): 21, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259818

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of the canonical Wnt signaling in the development of the myopia. Methods: Plasma from adult patients with myopia, myopic animal models including the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene mutation mouse model, and the form deprivation (FD) induced mouse model of myopia were used. Niclosamide, a canonical Wnt pathway inhibitor, was orally administrated in animal models. Plasma levels of DKK-1 were determined by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Refraction, vitreous chamber depth (VCD), axial length (AL), and other parameters, were measured at the end of the FD treatment. Canonical Wnt signaling changes were evaluated by Western blot analysis and immunostaining analysis. Results: Plasma level of Wnt inhibitor DKK-1 was markedly decreased in patients with myopia. Meanwhile, the canonical Wnt pathway was progressively activated during myopia development in mice. Moreover, inhibition of canonical Wnt signaling by niclosamide in mouse models markedly reduced lens thickness (LT), VCD, and AL elongation, resulting in myopia inhibition. Conclusions: Dysregulation of canonical Wnt signaling is a characteristic of myopia and targeting Wnt signaling pathways has potential as a therapeutic strategy for myopia.

12.
Exp Eye Res ; 210: 108706, 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324861

RESUMO

Maintenance of the corneal refractive power and tissue transparency is essential for normal vision. Real-time characterization of changes in corneal cells during suffering stresses or wound healing may provide a way to identify novel targets, whose therapeutic manipulation can improve the outcome of this response induced by injury. Here we describe a novel user friendly and effective confocal real-time confocal microscopy attachment that monitors the effects of anisoosmotic stress on cell morphology and corneal thickness in situ. Corneal epithelial nuclei gradually became highly reflective in the isotonic group and the corneal stroma was slightly thickened as compared with that seen prior to 60 min exposure to a hypotonic solution. After 30 min of exposure to hypertonic stress, the corneal stromal cells became crenate and shriveled. The hyper-reflective area of the corneal stroma in the hypo-osmotic group was significantly larger than that in the other two groups, as demonstrated by 3D reconstruction imaging. The hypotonic fresh chlorinated pool water was observed to cause atrophy of corneal epithelial nuclei, while the isosmotic bee venom solution caused high reflection of the corneal stroma layer and corneal endothelial cell damage. With the microscopic attachment, the inward movement of corneal epithelial cells toward the denuded central region was detected in the serum-treated group. The microscopy attachment is an effective system for obtaining a more detailed understanding of the time dependent losses in the corneal cell structure and tissue architecture of full thickness corneas induced by osmotic stress or cytotoxic agents.

13.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(14)2021 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34300477

RESUMO

In the process of using a long-span converter station steel structure, engineering disasters can easily occur. Structural monitoring is an important method to reduce hoisting risk. In previous engineering cases, the structural monitoring of long-span converter station steel structure hoisting is rare. Thus, no relevant hoisting experience can be referenced. Traditional monitoring methods have a small scope of application, making it difficult to coordinate monitoring and construction control. In the monitoring process, many problems arise, such as complicated installation processes, large-scale data processing, and large-scale installation errors. With a real-time structural monitoring system, the mechanical changes in the long-span converter station steel structure during the hoisting process can be monitored in real-time in order to achieve real-time warning of engineering disasters, timely identification of engineering issues, and allow for rapid decision-making, thus avoiding the occurrence of engineering disasters. Based on this concept, automatic monitoring and manual measurement of the mechanical changes in the longest long-span converter station steel structure in the world is carried out, and the monitoring results were compared with the corresponding numerical simulation results in order to develop a real-time structural monitoring system for the whole long-span converter station steel structure's multi-point lifting process. This approach collects the monitoring data and outputs the deflection, stress, strain, wind force, and temperature of the long-span converter station steel structure in real-time, enabling real-time monitoring to ensure the safety of the lifting process. This research offers a new method and basis for the structural monitoring of the multi-point hoisting of a long-span converter station steel structure.


Assuntos
Desastres , Aço
14.
Hepatology ; 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34320238

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a tremendous burden for public health, however, there is no drug for NAFLD therapy at present. Impaired endo-lysosome-mediated protein degradation is observed in a variety of metabolic disorders, such as atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes mellitus and NAFLD. Small integral membrane protein of lysosome/late endosome (SIMPLE) is a regulator of endosome-to-lysosome trafficking and cell signaling. But the role that SIMPLE plays in NAFLD progression remains unknown. Here we investigated SIMPLE function in NAFLD development and sophisticated mechanism therein. APPROACH & RESULTS: This study found in vitro knockdown of SIMPLE significantly aggravated lipid accumulation, inflammation in hepatocytes treated with metabolic stimulation. Consistently, in vivo experiments showed that liver-specific Simple-knockout (Simple-HKO) mice exhibited more severe high-fat diet (HFD)-, high-fat-high-cholesterol diet (HFHC)-, and methionine-choline-deficient diet (MCD)- induced steatosis, glucose intolerance, inflammation, and fibrosis than those fed with normal-chow diet. Meanwhile, RNA-sequencing demonstrated the up-regulated signaling pathways and signature genes involved in lipid metabolism, inflammation and fibrosis in Simple-HKO mice compared to control mice under metabolic stress. Mechanically, we found SIMPLE directly interact with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). SIMPLE deficiency results in dysregulated degradation of EGFR, subsequently hyperactivated EGFR phosphorylation, exaggerating NAFLD development. Moreover, we further demonstrated that using EGFR inhibitor or silencing EGFR expression could ameliorate lipid accumulation induced by the knockdown of SIMPLE. CONCLUSIONS: SIMPLE ameliorated NASH by prompting EGFR degradation and can also be a potential therapeutic candidate for NASH.

16.
J Mol Diagn ; 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325059

RESUMO

High-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection is one of the major risk factors for head and neck cancers (HNC). Despite the rising incidence, biomarkers for detection, prognostication and disease monitoring of HPV-driven HNC (HPV-HNC) are lacking. To evaluate the capacity of salivary HR-HPV DNA as a biomarker for HPV-HNC, salivary HR-HPV status of 491 primary HNC patients and 10 recurrent HNC patients was investigated at diagnosis using qPCR and MassARRAY. Tumor Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A (p16) expression was determined by immunohistochemistry. Oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) patients (N=215) were followed-up up to 5 years and survival characteristics were evaluated in terms of event-free survival (EFS) and cause-specific survival (CSS). In the primary HNC patient cohort, 43.2% were positive for salivary HR-HPV DNA and the vast majority of them had OPC. Salivary HR-HPV DNA could be detected in 81.4% of tumor p16 positive OPC patients at diagnosis. Furthermore, salivary HR-HPV positive OPC patients had a favorable prognosis over salivary HR-HPV negative patients (EFS; HR: 0.42; 95%CI, 0.21-0.81, p=0.010, CSS; HR: 0.39; 95%CI, 0.18-0.86, p=0.019). In the recurrent HNC cohort, salivary HR-HPV DNA was detected in 83.3% (5/6) of the patients who previously had tumor p16 positive HNC. Findings of this study indicate that this liquid biopsy-based, non-invasive biomarker can play an essential role in the detection and management of HPV-HNC.

17.
Tissue Cell ; 72: 101591, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325277

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the possible effects of miR-26b-5p on fibroblast-like synovial cells in rheumatoid arthritis (RA-FLS) through targeting enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2). METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect miR-26b-5p and EZH2 expressions in synovial tissues of RA patients and healthy controls. Dual luciferase reporter assay was adopted to verify the targeting relationship between miR-26b-5p and EZH2. RA-FLS was divided into Blank, mimics NC, mimics, NC siRNA, EZH2 siRNA and inhibitors + EZH2 siRNA groups, followed by the assessment of proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion. The expression of genes and proteins in RA-FLS was tested by qRT-PCR and western blotting, respectively. RESULTS: MiR-26b-5p expression was lower, while EZH2 expression was higher in synovial tissue of RA patients than healthy controls; and miR-26b-5p was negatively correlated with the EZH2 in synovial tissue of RA patients, which were both related with disease activities. MiR-26b-5p can target EZH2 in RA-FLS. In vitro, miR-26b-5p mimics down-regulated EZH2 expression in RA-FLS. Compared with EZH2 siRNA group, the miR-26b-5p expression in inhibitors + EZH2 siRNA group was reduced, but EZH2 expression was increased. EZH2 siRNA inhibited the proliferation, invasion and migration of RA-FLS, promoted cell apoptosis, and inhibited the expression of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-17, MMP-2, MMP-9, which were reversed by miR-26b-5p inhibitor. CONCLUSION: MiR-26b-5p may affect the biological characteristics of RA-FLS via targeting EZH2, including proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and migration, as well as the secretion of cytokines, thus playing a potential therapeutic role in RA.

18.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0254808, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293017

RESUMO

MicroRNA-like small RNAs (milRNAs) and their regulatory roles in the interaction between plant and fungus have recently aroused keen interest of plant pathologists. Trichoderma spp., one of the widespread biocontrol fungi, can promote plant growth and induce plant disease resistance. To investigate milRNAs potentially involved in the interaction between Trichoderma and tomato roots, a small RNA (sRNA) library expressed during the interaction of T. asperellum DQ-1 and tomato roots was constructed and sequenced using the Illumina HiSeqTM 2500 sequencing platform. From 13,464,142 sRNA reads, we identified 21 milRNA candidates that were similar to other known microRNAs in the miRBase database and 22 novel milRNA candidates that possessed a stable microRNA precursor hairpin structure. Among them, three milRNA candidates showed different expression level in the interaction according to the result of stem-loop RT-PCR indicating that these milRNAs may play a distinct regulatory role in the interaction between Trichoderma and tomato roots. The potential transboundary milRNAs from T. asperellum and their target genes in tomato were predicted by bioinformatics analysis. The results revealed that several interesting proteins involved in plant growth and development, disease resistance, seed maturation, and osmotic stress signal transduction might be regulated by the transboundary milRNAs. To our knowledge, this is the first report of milRNAs taking part in the process of interaction of T. asperellum and tomato roots and associated with plant promotion and disease resistance. The results might be useful to unravel the mechanism of interaction between Trichoderma and tomato.

19.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 570: 199-205, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298323

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disease worldwide; however, disease-modifying treatments are lacking because of the complicated pathological mechanisms. As a breakthrough, aberrant activation of transforming growth factor-ß 1 (TGF-ß1)in subchondral bone has been confirmed as an essential pathomechanism for OA progression, and has become a potential therapeutic target. In addition to R&D on neutralizing antibodies, small-molecule antagonists and chemical medicines, native antagonists of TGF-ß1 could be exploited as another promising approach. Noggin (NOG) is an antagonist of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and was reported to effectively attenuate OA by protecting cartilage and preventing pathological subchondral bone remodeling. However, the underlying mechanisms have not been fully clarified. We first detected the distribution of NOG in knee joints of an OA mouse model, which showed upregulation at early stage of OA but downregulation later in the subchondral bone and no significant change in the articular cartilage. Furthermore, the interaction between NOG and TGF-ß1 was verified, which in turn suppressed the downstream SMAD2/3 activity of TGF-ß1. Moreover, the proliferation and chondrogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were not significantly influenced by NOG. Taken together, the results showed that NOG antagonized TGF-ß1 but did not repress MSC proliferation and chondrogenesis; thus, it seems promising for OA treatment.

20.
BMC Pediatr ; 21(1): 303, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233641

RESUMO

AIM: European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism released the guidelines on pediatric parenteral nutrition in 2018. We aimed to compare the parenteral nutrition (PN) regimen with the current guidelines, evaluate weight gain and explore the correlation of parenteral macronutrient and energy intakes with weight gain outcome in preterm infants with birth weight less than 1500 g. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted. Parenteral macronutrients and energy intakes were described. Weight gain during PN was assessed. Nutritional factors associated with weight gain outcome after PN were identified using a cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: A total of 163 infants were included in this study, in which 41 were extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants and 122 were very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Average glucose, amino acid, lipid, and energy during the first postnatal week were 7.5 g/kg/d, 2.4 g/kg/d, 0.8 g/kg/d, 48 kcal/kg/d. Median maximum glucose, amino acid, lipid, and energy were 11.1 g/kg/d, 3.5 g/kg/d, 3 g/kg/d, 78 kcal/kg/d. Median days to maximum glucose, amino acid, lipid, and energy were 10, 9, 12, 11 days. The proportion of appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants was 76.9%. The ratio of infants without poor weight gain outcome after PN was 38%. With every 0.1 g/kg/d decrease of maximum amino acid and average lipid during the first postnatal week, the probability of appropriate weight gain outcome decreased by 77.6 and 74.4% respectively. With each additional day to maximum glucose and energy, the probability of appropriate weight gain outcome decreased by 5.6 and 6.1% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Most preterm infants with birth weight less than 1500 g remain below the latest recommended nutrition goals. The poor weight gain outcome of these infants after PN is related to insufficient parenteral macronutrient and energy intakes. PN strategies should be improved according to the latest evidence-based recommendations.

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