Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.331
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Water Res ; 168: 115148, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622912

RESUMO

Biological ion exchange (BIEX) has proved to remove natural organic matter (NOM) better than biological activated carbon (BAC). This raises the question if BIEX can be integrated into a full-scale drinking water treatment plant to remove NOM and ammonia. In this study, a pilot plant consisting of one BIEX filter, three GAC filters and one BAC filter was set up as second-stage filtration at the Sainte-Rose drinking water treatment plant (Laval, Canada). The pilot plant was operated for a period of nine months without regeneration of the ion exchange resins. The influent water showed low DOC (2.5 mg/L) and high sulfate concentrations (28.2 mg/L). Except of a short peak of DOC released at about 1 000 BV, the BIEX filter achieved a nearly constant removal of 29-36% over the whole study period. The DOC removals of GAC were similar to BIEX at < 8000 BV but then stabilized at 13-24% after 8 000 BV. Most DOC removal in the BIEX filter was achieved at the top 30 cm layer (81%) compared to 62-66% removal in the GAC/BAC filters in the same layer. After the rapid exhaustion of the primary ion exchange capacity (<1 000 BV), sulfate displaced the fraction of NOM with lower affinity than sulfate, corresponding to the initial DOC release in the BIEX filter. The fraction of NOM with higher affinity than sulfate can still replace sulfate, which explains the good long-term performance of the BIEX filter. BIEX released ammonia with an average of 15% in warm water condition, probably related to the small diameter of the column which limited backwash effectiveness.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Canadá , Carvão Vegetal , Filtração , Troca Iônica
2.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 148: 111827, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698302

RESUMO

A novel label-free electrochemical aptasensor was fabricated based on a three-dimensional porous electrode (3D-CS/rGO/GCE) for the detection of acetamiprid residues. The sensing signal was generated by the DNA itself. The porous electrode was prepared by electrodeposition in situ and characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). These results indicated that the porous electrode has a uniform nanoporous structure, high active area, and excellent conductivity, leading to improve the transmission efficiency of current signals. The 3D-CS/rGO/GCE was used to increase a load of acetamiprid aptamer on the electrode. Meanwhile, DNA self-assembly strategy was used to further increase the DNA amounts. Thus the electrochemical current was amplified significantly due to increased phosphate group amounts by the above synergistic effect. The determination of acetamiprid residues using square wave voltammetry (SWV) showed good sensitivity, with the linear range from 0.1 pM to 0.1 µM and the detection limit was 71.2 fM. The label-free electrochemical aptasensor was also used to detect acetamiprid residues in tea samples with satisfactory results.

3.
Int J Cancer ; 146(2): 496-509, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125123

RESUMO

The biological role of vacuolar protein sorting 33B (VPS33B) has not been examined in colorectal cancer (CRC). We report that VPS33B was downregulated in dextran sulfate sodium/azoxymethane (DSS/AOM) -induced CRC mice models and nicotine-treated CRC cells via the PI3K/AKT/c-Jun pathway. Reduced VPS33B is an unfavorable factor promoting poor prognosis in human CRC patients. VPS33B overexpression suppressed CRC proliferation, intrahepatic metastasis and chemoresistance of cisplatin (DDP) in vivo and in vitro through modulating the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/RAS/ERK/c-Myc/p53/miR-133a-3p feedback loop and the downstream cell cycle or EMT-related factors. Furthermore, NESG1 as a newly identified tumor suppressor interacted with VPS33B via colocalization in the cytoplasm, and it was stimulated by VPS33B through the downregulation of RAS/ERK/c-Jun-mediated transcription. NESG1 also activated VPS33B expression via the RAS/ERK/c-Jun pathway. Suppression of NESG1 increased cell growth, migration and invasion via the reversion of the VPS33B-modulating signal in VPS33B-overexpressed cells. Taken together, VPS33B as a tumor suppressor is easily dysregulated by chemical carcinogens and it interacts with NESG1 to modulate the EGFR/RAS/ERK/c-Myc/p53/miR-133a-3p feedback loop and thus suppress the malignant phenotype of CRC.

4.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1962-1967, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492368

RESUMO

Oroxylum as a traditional Chinese medicine, was used as a green and novel bio-template to synthesize tremella-like Li3V2(PO4)3/C composite (LVPC) cathode materials by adopting a facile immersion method. The microstructures were analyzed by X-ray diffraction analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The electrochemical properties were investigated by galvanostatic charge-discharge experiments. The LVPC revealed specific capacity of 95 mAh·g-1 at 1 C rate within potential range of 3.0-4.3 V. After 100 cycles at 0.2 C, the retention of discharge capacity was 96%. The modified electrochemical performance is mainly resulted from the distinct tremella-like structure.

5.
J Health Psychol ; : 1359105319890395, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789585

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to examine the longitudinal relationships between cyberbullying perpetration, mindfulness, and depression among Chinese adolescents. The participants in our study included 1390 high school students who were randomly selected from several secondary schools in east China. Participants completed the Chinese version of Revised Cyber Bullying Inventory-Cyberbullying Subscale, the Chinese version of the Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale and the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for Children at two time points (6-month interval). The results found that cyberbullying, mindfulness and depression would predict each other over time. Contributions to theory, limitations in our research and recommendations for future intervention are discussed in this article.

6.
Sleep ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790135

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep problems and symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence are common. No longitudinal studies have examined the prospective associations between sleep and subsequent ADHD symptoms in adolescents. This study examined the prospective associations between sleep problems and subsequent ADHD symptoms in a large sample of adolescents. METHODS: Participants included 7,072 adolescents from the Shandong Adolescent Behavior and Health Cohort (SABHC) study in Shandong, China. Participants were initially assessed in November-December of 2015 and were reassessed one-year later in 2016. Sleep duration, sleep problems and psychosocial information were collected using a structured questionnaire. ADHD symptoms were measured by the Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist-Youth Self-Report. RESULTS: At baseline, 7.6% participants had clinically relevant ADHD symptoms, which were highly comorbid with sleep problems including insomnia symptoms, poor sleep quality, symptoms of restless legs syndrome (RLS), frequent snoring, and short sleep duration. Of the 6,531 participants without clinically relevant ADHD symptoms at baseline, 4.5% reported clinically relevant ADHD symptoms at 1-year follow-up. After adolescent and family covariates were adjusted for, insomnia (OR = 2.09, 95%CI = 1.45 - 3.02), RLS (OR = 1.47, 95%CI = 1.02 - 2.11), and frequent snoring (OR = 2.30, 95%CI = 1.36 - 3.90) were all significantly associated with subsequent ADHD symptoms. CONCLUSION:  ADHD symptoms and sleep problems are highly comorbid. Insomnia, RLS and frequent snoring appear to be significant predictors of subsequent ADHD symptoms. Our study highlights the importance of assessing and managing sleep problems for prevention and clinical treatment of ADHD symptoms in adolescence.

7.
Waste Manag Res ; : 734242X19886927, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793381

RESUMO

Agglomeration that occurs during municipal sewage sludge (MSS) fluidized bed co-combustion might affect heavy metal distribution and the transformation of bottom ash. A study on the mobility and speciation of heavy metals that accompanies agglomeration behavior and phosphorus addition should be examined during MSS co-combustion. Meanwhile, the aim of this study was to evaluate the total content and speciation of heavy metals during the MSS fluidized bed co-combustion by the chemical sequential extraction procedure (SEP). The risk assessment code (RAC) and individual contamination factor (ICF) are calculated to evaluate the mobility of heavy metals and their environmental risks in agglomerates. Moreover, identification of agglomerates is established by both characterization (scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) and thermodynamic simulation (HSC chemistry software). The experimental results indicated that P and Na would form the lower melting-point compounds such as NaPO3 and Na2O in the bottom ash, which promoted agglomeration during MSS fluidized bed co-combustion. According to the simulation, Na and P have a stronger affinity than Si and Cr, and this reaction is not only influenced by particle agglomeration, but also by heavy metal distribution during modified MSS co-combustion. Nevertheless, the results of ICFs and RACs obtained from the SEP indicated that for heavy metals trapped in agglomerates, a weaker binding such as physical covering by eutectics might be considered as the dominant reaction compared with chemical binding to form a metal complex.

8.
Theranostics ; 9(25): 7583-7598, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695788

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are the key factor in determining cancer recurrence, metastasis, chemoresistance and patient prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The role of miR-5188 in cancer stemness has never been documented. In this study, we investigated the clinical and biological roles of miR-5188 in HCC. Methods: MiRNA expression in HCC was analyzed by bioinformatics analysis and in situ hybridization. The biological effect of miR-5188 was demonstrated in both in vitro and in vivo studies through the ectopic expression of miR-5188. The target gene and molecular pathway of miR-5188 were characterized using bioinformatics tools, dual-luciferase reporter assays, gene knockdown, and rescue experiments. Results: MiR-5188 was shown to be upregulated and confer poor prognosis in HCC patient data from TCGA database. MiR-5188 was subsequently identified as a significant inducer of cancer stemness that promotes HCC pathogenesis. Specifically, the targeting of miR-5188 by its antagomir markedly prolonged the survival time of HCC-bearing mice and improved HCC cell chemosensitivity in vivo. Mechanistic analysis indicated that miR-5188 directly targets FOXO1, which interacts with ß-catenin in the cytoplasm to reduce the nuclear translocation of ß-catenin and promotes the activation of Wnt signaling and downstream tumor stemness, EMT, and c-Jun. Moreover, c-Jun transcriptionally activates miR-5188 expression, forming a positive feedback loop. Interestingly, the miR-5188-FOXO1/ß-catenin-c-Jun feedback loop was induced by hepatitis X protein (HBX) through Wnt signaling and participated in the HBX-induced pathogenesis of HCC. Finally, analyses of transcriptomics data and our clinical data supported the significance of the abnormal expression of the miR-5188 pathway in HCC pathogenesis. Conclusions: These findings present the inhibition of miR-5188 as a novel strategy for the efficient elimination of CSCs to prevent tumor metastasis, recurrence and chemoresistance in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Our study highlights the importance of miR-5188 as a tumor stemness inducer that acts as a potential target for HCC treatment.

9.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17128, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748652

RESUMO

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a complex three-dimensional structural deformity of the spine with unknown etiology. Although leptin has been postulated as one of the etiologic factors in AIS, its effects on osteoblastic activity remain unknown. Herein, we conducted this study to investigate whether there are abnormal functional responses to leptin and abnormal expression of leptin receptor in AIS osteoblasts. In vitro assays were performed with osteoblasts isolated from 12 severe AIS girls and 6 non-AIS controls. The osteoblasts were exposed to different concentrations of leptin (0, 10, 100, 1000 ng/mL). The effects of leptin on cell proliferation, differentiation and mineralization were determined. Protein expressions of leptin receptor (LEP-R) under basal and osteogenic conditions were also evaluated by Western blot. Our results showed that leptin significantly stimulated osteoblasts from non-AIS subjects to proliferate, differentiate and mineralized. However, in the AIS group, the stimulatory effects of leptin on cell proliferation, differentiation, and mineralization were not observed. In addition, no statistically significant difference in the expression of leptin receptor under both basal and osteogenic conditions was found between AIS and control group. In conclusion, these findings might help to explain the low bone mass and deranged bone quality that is clinically associated with AIS girls.

10.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 1000, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775654

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM) has become a significant public health challenge. The aim was to comprehensively estimate the national prevalence of HIV among MSM and its time trends through a large-scale systematic analysis. METHODS: Systematic search of Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, CNKI, VIP, and Wanfang Data databases without language restriction for studies on the prevalence of HIV among MSM published before Dec.31, 2018. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they were published in the peer-reviewed literature and used validated assessment methods to assess the prevalence of HIV among MSM. Estimates were pooled using random-effects analysis. RESULTS: Data were extracted from 355 cross-sectional studies (571,328 individuals) covered 59 cities from 30 provinces and municipalities of China. The overall national prevalence of HIV among MSM from 2001 to 2018 was estimated to be 5.7% (95% CI: 5.4-6.1%), with high between-study heterogeneity (I2 = 98.0%, P <  0.001). Our study showed an increased tendency in the HIV prevalence as time progressed by meta-regression analysis (I2 = 95.9%, P <  0.0001). HIV prevalence was the highest in those aged 50 years and older with HIV prevalence of 19.3% (95%CI: 13.1-27.4%, N = 13). HIV was more prevalent in the illiterate population (16.8%), than in those who had received an education. Although the internet was a major venue for Chinese MSM seeking male sex partners (35.6, 95%CI: 32.3-39.9%, N = 101), seeking MSM in bathhouses/saunas had the highest associated prevalence of HIV (13.4, 95%CI: 10.3-17.1%, N = 22). The HIV prevalence among MSM varied by location: compared with other regions in China, HIV was highly prevalent among MSM in the southwest (10.7, 95%CI: 9.3-12.2%, N = 91). Compared to participants who sometimes or always used condoms, participants who had never used a condom in the past 6 months had a higher risk of HIV infection, with odds ratios of 0.1 (95%CI: 0.08-0.14). CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis provided reliable estimates of China's HIV burden among MSM, which appears to present an increasing national public health challenge. Effective government responses are needed to address this challenge and include the implementation of HIV prevention.

11.
Mol Med Rep ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746391

RESUMO

Previous microRNA (miR) microarray analysis revealed that miR­218 is downregulated in cervical cancer tissues. The present study aimed to further evaluate the expression of miR­218 in cervical cancer specimens, determine the association between its expression with disease progression, and investigate the roles of miR­218 in cervical cancer cells. Tissue specimens were obtained from 80 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma, 30 patients with high­grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia [(CIN) II/III] and 15 patients with low­grade CIN (CINI); in addition, 60 plasma samples were obtained from patients with cervical cancer, and 15 normal cervical tissue specimens and 30 plasma samples were obtained from healthy women. These samples were used for analysis of miR­218 expression via reverse transcription­-quantitative PCR. In addition, tumor cells were transfected with miR­218 mimics, human papillomavirus (HPV)16 E6/E7 small interfering RNA, or their respective negative controls to determine the viability, colony formation, migration and invasion of cells using MTT, colony formation, wound healing and Transwell assays, respectively. Target genes of miR­218 were bioinformatically predicted and analyzed using Gene Ontology (GO) terms. The results revealed that miR­218 was downregulated in the tumor tissues and plasma of patients with cervical cancer, with expression associated with the advanced clinicopathological characteristics of patients, including HPV positivity, tumor size, blood vessel invasion and lymph node metastasis. Furthermore, miR­218 overexpression reduced tumor cell viability and xenograft growth, and suppressed tumor cell migration and invasion. HPV was detected in 75% of the 80 patients with cervical cancer, and HPV positivity was inversely associated with miR­218 expression. In addition, bioinformatics analysis predicted that roundabout guidance receptor 1 (ROBO1) was a target gene of miR­218; miR­218 overexpression significantly reduced ROBO1 levels. Furthermore, GO analysis revealed that ROBO1 was involved in regulating cell proliferation, adhesion and migration, and the cell cycle. In conclusion, the findings of the present study suggested that miR­218 may possess antitumor activities in cervical cancer.

12.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 389, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conflicting evidence exists on the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and serum uric acid (SUA). Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the SUA-BMI relationship in a large-scale epidemiological survey in coastal China. METHODS: This survey was conducted among the general population in the coastal region of China from September 2014 to January 2015. SUA Levels were measured by the automatic Sysmex Chemix-180 biochemical analyzer. RESULTS: A total of 6098 men (BMI: 24.58 ± 3.74 kg/m2) and 7941 women (24.56 ± 3.64 kg/m2) were included in this study. A stronger positive BMI-SUA association was found for men than women (all P-values < 0.05). The piecewise linear spline models indicated a U-shaped relationship of SUA-BMI association for both men and women; and the lowest turning points were at 19.12 kg/m2 for men and 21.3 kg/m2 for women. When BMIs were lower than the nadir point, each 1 kg/m2 increase in BMI related to a 7.74-fold (95% CI - 14.73, - 0.75) reduction for men and 2.70-fold reduction (- 4.47, - 0.94) for women in SUA levels. Once the BMI was higher than the nadir point, each 1 kg/m2 increase in BMI was related to a 5.10-fold (4.44, 5.77) increment for men and 3.93-fold increment (3.42, 4.43) for women in SUA levels. The regression coefficient differences between the two stages were 12.84 (5.66, 20.03) for men and 6.63 (4.65, 8.61) for women. CONCLUSIONS: A U-shaped relationship between BMI and SUA was found for both men and women; the association was stronger for men than women.

13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782429

RESUMO

We prepared a nanoprobe through self-assembly of gold nanoclusters (AuNCs) and using FITC-modified hyaluronic acid (HA) for ratiometric sensing of highly reactive oxygen species (hROS). Taking advantage of the aggregation-induced emission (AIE) properties of the self-assembled AuNCs, hROS-responsive cleavage of HA, and the ratiometric signal change of dual-emission, the nanoprobe exhibited excellent performance in imaging hROS in living cells.

14.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 187: 105548, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669930

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pre-operative Halo-gravity traction in the treatment of severe neurofibromatosis type 1 and congenital scoliosis patients with thoracic rotatory subluxation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 and congenital scoliosis undergoing Halo-gravity traction were reviewed. Radiographic parameters were measured at pre-, post-traction and post-operation. The forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in 1 s were recorded at pre- and post-traction. The neurologic function were assessed according to the Frankel score. The complications during Halo-gravity traction, operation and post-operative follow-up were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 35 patients (21M and 14F) with rotatory subluxation including 18 neurofibromatosis type 1 and 17 congenital scoliosis patients were included, of whom the average age was 14.9 ± 4.8 years. The average duration of Halo-gravity traction was 72.3 ± 11.2 days, during which the average Cobb angle improved from 105.4 ± 34.2° to 81.7 ± 32.6° (P < 0.001), and the global kyphosis decreased from 79.2 ± 22.5° to 59.7 ± 23.0° (P = 0.003). At pre-traction, the values of coronal and sagittal rotatory subluxation were 9.3 ± 5.2 mm and 7.5 ± 3.5 mm, which significantly improved to 6.7 ± 3.6 mm (P < 0.001) and 4.9 ± 2.3 mm (P < 0.001), respectively. The average improvement in forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in 1 s were from 43.6% to 54.2% predicted and from 40.4% to 48.8% predicted, respectively. After Halo-gravity traction, the Frankel scores improved from C to D in 3 patients, from D to E in 2 patients. CONCLUSION: Halo-gravity traction can improve the coronal and sagittal curvature, and the rotatory subluxation in neurofibromatosis type 1 and congenital scoliosis patients. The pre-operative Halo-gravity traction is a safe option for severe neurofibromatosis type 1 and congenital scoliosis patients with rotatory subluxation.

15.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 187: 105573, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706107

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Advanced techniques such as volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) may reduce radiation damage and improve the quality of life for patients.We performed a study comparing dose distributions to the planning target volumes(PTVs) and other organs at risk (OARs) of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT),coplanar VMAT (coVMAT), and non-coplanar VMAT (ncVMAT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 13 patients with GBM who had undergone postoperative radiotherapy were enrolled. Three plans for each patient were created, namely, IMRT, coVMAT, and ncVMAT. Prescription doses and normal-tissue constraints were identical for these three plans. The dosimetric differences of target dose distribution, conformity index (CI), homogeneity index (HI), the gradient index (GI), dose of OARs, monitor units (MUs) and beam-on times among these three plans were investigated. RESULTS: These three techniques resulted in comparable maximum, minimum, and mean PTV doses. Small but insignificant differences were observed in GI,CI, and HI. Compared with IMRT, VMAT plans showed statistically significant reductions in the mean doses to the optic chiasm (P < 0.05). Compared with IMRT, VMAT techniques significantly reduced the number of MUs and less beam-on time than IMRT techniques (P < 0.05). However, calculation times were significantly longer for ncVMAT and coVMAT plans at 12 and 12.3 min, versus 2.6 min for IMRT. Our study showed that IMRT or VMAT planning is feasible and efficient for patients with GBM.Compared to IMRT plans, ncVMAT or coVMAT plans showed similar PTV coverage and comparable OARs sparing. VMAT plans significantly reduces the mean doses to the optic chiasm than IMRT plans. CONCLUSION: There was no obvious superiority of ncVMAT over coVMAT in target coverage and sparing of OARs.Compared with IMRT, VMAT techniques significantly reduced the number of MUs and beam-on time but extended the calculation times.

16.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(6): 7155-7176, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698608

RESUMO

Modal identification involves primarily the determination of natural frequencies, damping ratios, mode shapes of a dynamic system, etc. It is usually regarded as an essential task in a wide branch of structural dynamics and civil engineering, such as structural vibration control and damage identification of buildings or bridges. There are many modal identification techniques. Basically, these techniques can be categorized into two groups: deterministic methods and Bayesian approaches. The first group can be used to provide deterministic (or optimal) estimations of modal parameters, but they are unable to quantify the estimation uncertainties. The second group is based on a usage of the Bayesian framework. Compared to the first group, the second group of methods has a typical merit of being able to offer uncertainty information of identified parameters, which is of great interests, or even necessary, for some follow-up studies. In this paper, both a deterministic method, i.e., a combination of spectral analysis, filtering and Random Decrement Technique (RDT), and a Bayesian method, i.e., Bayesian Spectral Density Approach (BSDA), are exploited to experimentally identify the modal parameters of a 303 m high-rise building that was subjected to a landfall typhoon. The validity and efficiency of each method is verified by comparing the two kinds of results. Meanwhile, the identified modal parameters are used for the serviceability assessment of this high-rise building against some frequency-specific criteria.

17.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(6): 8134-8143, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698659

RESUMO

The aim of present study is to investigate the feasibility of patient-specific ankle-foot orthoses fabricated using additive manufacturing (AM) techniques. Then, clinical performance of the AFOs manufactured using material PA12 was evaluated in stroke survivors based on gait analysis data. The ankle and foot were scanned by EinScan-Pro 3D scanner. The software Geomagic Studio was used for modifying the AFO model. After processing the original AFO model into the final required model, material PA12 were used to fabricate the AFOs by Multi Jet Fusion (MJF) technique. Finally, gait analysis of 12 stroke patients was conducted to compare the effects with and without AFO. It took 2 hours from processing the initial AFO model to the completion of final model, and the printing time was 8 hours. The printing thickness of the AFO was 1.2 mm. With respect to the temporal-spatial parameters, the velocity and stride length in the gait with AFO increased significantly as compared to the gait without AFO (P=0.001, P=0.002). The cadence increased, double limb support phase decreased, and the step length difference decreased in the gait with AFO; however, the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.117, P=0.075, P=0.051).This study confirmed the feasibility of patient-specific AFO fabricated by AM techniques, and demonstrated the process of modifying AFO models successfully. The specific ankle-foot orthoses fabricated by material PA12 have a significant effect on the improvement of velocity and stride length in people with stroke.

18.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16602, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719639

RESUMO

Maintaining the viability of the apical shoot is critical for continued vertical growth in plants. Terminal shoot of tree species Paulownia cannot regrow in subsequent years. The short day (SD) treatment leads to apical growth cessation and dormancy. To understand the molecular basis of this, we further conducted global RNA-Seq based transcriptomic analysis in apical shoots to check regulation of gene expression. We obtained ~219 million paired-end 125-bp Illumina reads from five time-courses and de novo assembled them to yield 49,054 unigenes. Compared with the untreated control, we identified 1540 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) which were found to involve in 116 metabolic pathways. Expression of 87% of DEGs exhibited switch-on or switch-off pattern, indicating key roles in growth cessation. Most DEGs were enriched in the biological process of gene ontology categories and at later treatment stages. The pathways of auxin and circadian network were most affected and the expression of associated DEGs was characterised. During SD induction, auxin genes IAA, ARF and SAURs were down-regulated and circadian genes including PIF3 and PRR5 were up-regulated. PEPC in photosynthesis was constitutively upregulated, suggesting a still high CO2 concentrating activity; however, the converting CO2 to G3P in the Calvin cycle is low, supported by reduced expression of GAPDH encoding the catalysing enzyme for this step. This indicates a de-coupling point in the carbon fixation. The results help elucidate the molecular mechanisms for SD inducing dormancy and cessation in apical shoots.

19.
EBioMedicine ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is a leading cause of cancer-related death in males. Aberrant expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) is frequently reported in human malignancies. This study was performed to explore the role of LSAMP-AS1 in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), proliferation, migration and invasion of PCa cells. METHODS: Initially, the differentially expressed lncRNAs in PCa were screened out by microarray analysis. The clinicopathological and prognostic significance of LSAMP-AS1 was evaluated. LSAMP-AS1 was over-expressed or silenced to investigate the roles in EMT, proliferation, migration and invasion of PCa cells. Moreover, the relationships between LSAMP-AS1 and miR-183-5p, as well as miR-183-5p and decorin (DCN) were characterized. The tumorigenicity of PCa cells was verified in nude mice. RESULTS: LSAMP-AS1 was poorly expressed in PCa tissues and cells. Low expression of LSAMP-AS1 was indicative of poor overall survival and disease-free survival, and related to Gleason score, TNM stage, and risk stratification. Over-expressed LSAMP-AS1 inhibited EMT, proliferation, migration and invasion of PCa cells, as well as tumor growth in nude mice. Meanwhile, over-expression of LSAMP-AS1 resulted in up-regulation of E-cadherin and down-regulation of Vimentin, N-cadherin, Ki67, PCNA, MMP-2, MMP-9, Ezrin and Fascin. Notably, LSAMP-AS1 competitively bound to miR-183-5p which directly targets DCN. It was confirmed that the inhibitory effect of LSAMP-AS1 on PCa cells was achieved by binding to miR-183-5p, thus promoting the expression of DCN. CONCLUSION: LSAMP-AS1 up-regulates the DCN gene by competitively binding to miR-183-5p, thus inhibiting EMT, proliferation, migration and invasion of PCa cells.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17663, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689778

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Postoperative delirium is extremely rare in young women and in minimally invasive endoscopic surgeries in gynecology and obstetrics. It greatly affects both physicians and patients. This report presents a special case of postoperative delirium after hysteroscopy in a young woman and a literature review of the associated etiology, diagnosis, and treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 39-year-old woman was admitted to the gynecology ward following irregular vaginal bleeding for 3 months and an intrauterine space-occupying lesion for 1 week. Hysteroscopy, endometrial polypectomy, and fractional curettage procedures were successfully performed; however, the patient became unresponsive after surgery. DIAGNOSIS: Postoperative delirium. INTERVENTIONS: Sedatives and vasoactive medicines, such as dexmedetomidine, midazolam, and dopamine were administered for maintenance treatment. OUTCOMES: The patients gradually regained consciousness. LESSONS: Physicians should attach importance and improvise effective clinical management strategies for postoperative delirium based on clinical specialty characteristics and related guidelines.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA