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1.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 210: 111854, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422839

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the prospective correlation between serum metals before 24 weeks' gestation and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) or glucose in the late second trimester among southern Chinese pregnant women. METHODS: A total of 8169 pregnant women were included in our retrospective cohort study. Logistic regression was used to investigate the relationships between metals (Manganese [Mn], copper [Cu], lead [Pb], calcium [Ca], zinc [Zn], magnesium [Mg]) and GDM. Quantile regression was performed to detect the shifts and associations with metals and three time-points glucose distribution of oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) focused on the 10th, 50th, and 90th percentiles. Weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression was used to explore the relationship of metal mixtures and GDM as well as glucose. RESULTS: Maternal serum concentrations of metals were assessed at mean 16.55 ± 2.92 weeks' gestation. Women with under weight might have 25% decreased risk of GDM for every 50% increase in Cu concentration within the safe limits. A 50% increase in Mn and Zn levels was related to a 0.051 µmol/L (95% CI: 0.033-0.070) and 0.059 µmol/L (95% CI: 0.040-0.079) increase in mean fasting plasma glucose of OGTT (OGTT0), respectively. The magnitude of association with Mn was smaller at the upper tail of OGTT0 distribution, while the magnitude of correlation with Zn was greater at the upper tail. However, there was a 0.012 mmol/L (95% CI: -0.017 to -0.008), 0.028 mmol/L (95% CI: -0.049 to -0.007), and 0.036 mmol/L (95% CI: -0.057 to -0.016) decrease in mean OGTT0 levels for every 50% increase in Pb, Ca, and Mg, respectively. The negative association of Pb, Ca, and Mg was greater at the lower tail of OGTT0 distribution. No significant relationship was observed in Cu and mean OGTT0 level (-0.010 mmol/L, 95% CI: -0.021 to 0.001), however, it showed a protective effect at the upper tail (-0.034 mmol/L, 95% CI: -0.049 to -0.017). No obvious correlation was found between metals and postprandial glucose levels (OGTT1 and OGTT2 from OGTT). The WQS index was significantly related to OGTT0 (P < 0.001). The contribution of Mn (80.19%) to metal mixture index was the highest related to OGTT0, followed by Cu (19.81%). CONCLUSIONS: Higher Mn and Zn but lower Pb, Ca, and Mg concentrations within a certain range before 24 weeks' gestation might prospectively impair fasting plasma glucose during pregnancy; a greater focus is required on Mn. It could provide early markers of metal for predicting later glucose and suggest implement intervention for pregnant women.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Gestacional/sangue , Metais/sangue , Adulto , Monitoramento Biológico , Biomarcadores/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Gestacional/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
2.
Risk Manag Healthc Policy ; 13: 2645-2654, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33239926

RESUMO

Background: Determination of the risk factors associated with prolonged nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (NVP) helps to develop prevention strategies. However, there is a lack of studies regarding risk factors of prolonged NVP. Thus, the potential risk factors of prolonged moderate and severe NVP were examined. Methods: This is a retrospective study among pregnant women in South of China. The Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis (PUQE) scale was used to evaluate NVP. Onset before 12 weeks and persistence after 20 weeks of gestation were defined as prolonged NVP. Data on NVP and other variables were collected by standard questionnaires and medical records. Results: A finally sample of 1739 participants were analyzed. The incidence of prolonged moderate and severe NVP was 42.1% and 1.1%, respectively. Among those with NVP, the increased risk of prolonged moderate NVP was associated with lower gestational age (OR = 0.95 per SD increase, 95% CI=0.93-0.97), being a housewife (OR = 1.30, 95% CI=1.02-1.65), pre-pregnant longer sedentary time (OR = 2.02, 95% CI=1.16-1.83), pre-pregnant lower exercise frequency (OR = 1.84, 95% CI=1.20-2.82), and history of gastrointestinal (GI) diseases (OR = 2.21, 95% CI=1.61-3.03). Persons who were a housewife (OR = 6.39, 95% CI=1.90-21.47), with pre-pregnant high frequent (always) cold drinking (OR=11.12, 95% CI=1.24-100.73), and had a history of GI diseases (OR=10.10, 95% CI=2.63-38.86) were more likely to experience prolonged severe NVP. Conclusion: The results of the present study suggested that pregnant women unemployed, with lower gestational age, pre-pregnant longer sedentary time, less exercise, high frequent (always) cold drinking and history of GI diseases had a higher risk of prolonged NVP and should be taken more care.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(81): 12255, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001089

RESUMO

Correction for 'An ionic liquid-modified RGO/polyaniline composite for high-performance flexible all-solid-state supercapacitors' by Chang Dong et al., Chem. Commun., 2020, DOI: 10.1039/d0cc04691d.

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(80): 11993-11996, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896850

RESUMO

An ionic liquid-modified reduced graphene oxide/polyaniline (RGO-IL/PANI) composite was synthesized successfully. The ionic liquid enlarged the interlayer distance of RGO sheets and acted as a PANI dopant to improve the orderly establishment of PANI. The supercapacitor based on RGO-IL/PANI presented outstanding energy density (24.1 W h kg-1 at 501 W kg-1), good cycling stability (91.5% capacity retention after 1000 cycles) and excellent flexibility. The results demonstrated the significant potential application of the obtained RGO-IL/PANI composite as a flexible electrode for high-performance energy storage devices.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865233

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the preterm birth and additional perinatal outcomes between spontaneous and in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) dichorionic-diamnionic (DCDA) twin pregnancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in a tertiary university-affiliated medical center. All women with DCDA twin pregnancies were considered for inclusion. The primary outcome of interest was preterm birth <37 weeks of gestation and secondary outcomes included spontaneous preterm birth, iatrogenic (induced) preterm birth, gestational diabetes mellitus, pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorder, preeclampsia, preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, placenta previa, neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission, birthweight discordance, small for gestational age, neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, ventilator support, and perinatal death and/or severe morbidity. These outcomes were compared between IVF/ICSI and spontaneous twin pregnancies. Multivariable logistic regressions were used to adjust for confounders. General estimated equation models were used to address intertwin correlation. RESULTS: A total of 1297 twin pregnancies, including 213 spontaneous and 1084 IVF/ICSI DCDA pregnancies, met the inclusion criteria. Women with IVF/ICSI pregnancies were older and had higher body mass index, adherence with prenatal care and proportion of nulliparity. After adjustment for confounders, IVF/ICSI pregnancies were associated with a slight increase in preterm birth <37 weeks of gestation (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.72; 95% CI 1.24-2.39), iatrogenic preterm birth <37 weeks of gestation (aOR 1.41; 95% CI 1.00-1.97) as well as NICU admission (aOR 1.34; 95% CI 1.00-1.80). IVF/ICSI pregnancies were associated with a decrease in PPROM (aOR 0.64; 95% CI 0.42-0.99). There were no differences between IVF/ICSI and spontaneous DCDA pregnancies in terms of spontaneous preterm birth, gestational diabetes mellitus, pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorder, preeclampsia, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, placenta previa, birthweight discordance, small for gestational age, neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, ventilator support, and perinatal death and/or severe morbidity. CONCLUSIONS: IVF/ICSI DCDA twin pregnancies were associated with a slight increase in preterm birth <37 weeks of gestation, iatrogenic preterm birth <37 weeks of gestation, and NICU admission but with a decrease in PPROM. Other outcomes were comparable between IVF/ICSI and spontaneous DCDA twin pregnancies. Multicenter studies with adequate power remain warranted.

6.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 20(1): 465, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous evidence has suggested that lower gestational vitamin D levels might increase the risks of adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. The results remain inconsistent and require further exploration. METHODS: A total of 2814 Chinese mother-infant pairs were included in this retrospective cohort study. Serum concentrations of 25(OH)D were reviewed in early pregnancy (16.3 ± 2.3 weeks). Outcomes of maternal gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), cesarean section, fetal distress, preterm birth, low birth weight (LBW), and macrosomia were extracted from the medical records. Cox regression analysis was used to explore these associations. RESULTS: In total, 19.3% of mothers were pregnant at an advanced age (≥35 years), and 40.3% of pregnant women had vitamin D deficiency (< 50 nmol/L). After adjusting for potential covariates, the hazard ratio (HR) (95% CI) per standard deviation (SD) increase of serum 25(OH)D concentrations was 0.86 (0.779, 0.951) for GDM, 0.844 (0.730, 0.976) for preterm birth, and 0.849 (0.726, 0.993) for LBW. Similar protective associations were found for GDM, cesarean section, and preterm birth for a better vitamin D status when compared with vitamin D deficiency. CONCLUSION: Higher early pregnancy vitamin D was associated with a lower risk of GDM, cesarean section, preterm birth, and LBW.

7.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-14, 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32598176

RESUMO

We aimed to quantify and generate comprehensive evidence on the associations of different fatty acids (FAs) with the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PubMed, MEDLINE, and Embase were searched for prospective cohort studies that examined the association between FA biomarkers and the risk of T2DM published before 18 May 2020. Random-effects meta-analyses of the effects of FA concentration on T2DM were performed. Thirty-three studies involving 95,810 adults (19,904 cases) were included. Divergent associations of different types of FAs with type 2 diabetes were observed. The pooled relative risk (RRs) of T2DM comparing the top versus the bottom tertile of saturated FAs (C14:0, C16:0, C18:0, total saturated FAs), monounsaturated FA (C16:1 n-7), polyunsaturated FA (C20:3 n-6, C22:4 n-6), and Δ-6-desaturase activities ranged from 1.19 to 1.80. Interestingly, unlike previous studies, we found a negative correlation between odd-chain saturated FAs (C15:0, C17:0), trans-FAs (trans-C16:1 n-7), total n-6, Δ-5-desaturase activities and risk of T2DM. The pooled RRs of T2DM comparing the top versus the bottom tertile of these FAs ranged from 0.62 to 0.78. No associations with T2DM were observed for the other FAs. Considerable heterogeneity was observed in our study, and no definitive conclusions can be made until further investigation has been carried out.

8.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 244, 2020 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32586366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pathological skin scars, caused by cesarean section, affected younger mothers esthetically and psychosocially and to some extent frustrated obstetricians and dermatologists. Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs), as a population of multipotent cells, are abundant in human tissues, providing several possibilities for their effects on skin scar tissues. Herein, we performed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, three-arm clinical trial, aiming to assess the efficacy and safety of UC-MSCs in the treatment of cesarean section skin scars among primiparous singleton pregnant women. METHODS: Ninety primiparous singleton pregnant women undergoing elective cesarean section were randomly allocated to receive placebo, low-dose (3 × 106 cells), or high-dose (6 × 106 cells) transdermal hydrogel UC-MSCs on the surface of the skin incision. The primary outcome was cesarean section skin scars followed after the sixth month, assessed by the Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS). RESULTS: All the participants completed their trial of the primary outcome according to the protocol. The mean score of estimated total VSS was 5.52 in all participants at the sixth-month follow-up, with 6.43 in the placebo group, 5.18 in the low-dose group, and 4.71 in the high-dose group, respectively. No significant difference was found between-group in the mean scores for VSS at the sixth month. Additional prespecified secondary outcomes were not found with significant differences among groups either. No obvious side effects or adverse effects were reported in any of the three arms. CONCLUSION: This randomized clinical trial showed that UC-MSCs did not demonstrate the effects of improvement of cesarean section skin scars. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT02772289. Registered on 13 May 2016.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32256449

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the size and shape association of OGTT values with adverse pregnancy complications among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Southern Han Chinese population and further analyze their mediating effects with maternal age in outcomes. Methods: 6,861 women with GDM were included in the study. Logistic regression was used to identify the correlations between OGTT values and adverse pregnancy outcomes of GDM. Restricted cubic spline nested logistic regression was conducted to investigate potential non-linear and linear associations. Mediating effect among maternal age, OGTT and adverse outcomes were explored. Results: Women with GDM had a mean age of 31.83, and 24.49% had advanced maternal age (≥35 years). In logistic regression with adjustment, compared with lower OGTT0 (<5.1 mmol/L), GDM patients with higher OGTT0 (≥5.1 mmol/L) exhibited 1.891 (95% CI: 1.441-2.298, P < 0.001), 1.284 (1.078-1.529, P = 0.005), 1.285 (1.065-1.550, P = 0.009), and 1.302 (1.067-1.590, P = 0.010) times increased risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), preterm, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, and macrosomia, respectively. GDM patients with higher OGTT1 (≥10 mmol/L) had only found to exhibited 1.473-fold (1.162-1.867, P = 0.001) increasing risk of HDP than those with lower OGTT1 (<10 mmol/L). No adverse outcome was identified to associate with higher OGTT2 (≥8.5 mmol/L). Linear relationships (non-linear P > 0.05) were observed between OGTT0 and HDP, preterm, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, and macrosomia in both maternal age groups (<35 and ≥35 years). Non-linear associations of OGTT1 with incidence of HDP, preterm, and neonatal hyperbilirubinemia were detected in GDM patients younger than 35 years (non-linear P = 0.037, P = 0.049, P = 0.039, respectively), rising more steeply at higher values. Similar non-linearity was noted for OGTT2 with HDP in older patients. All OGTT values had significant mediating effects on some special complications caused by higher age. Conclusion: Higher fasting plasma glucose was more strongly linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes among GDM patients. Both linearity and Non-linearity of associations between glucose and complications should be taken into account. A careful reconsideration of GDM with hierarchical and individualized management according to OGTT is needed.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 705: 135857, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841923

RESUMO

Energy usage and CO2 emission have intimate and inseparable linkages. The growth of energy usage causes an increase in CO2 emissions, which will in turn constrain the related energy policies and challenge the energy-system stability. It is essential to quantify China's CO2 emission inventories embodied in production-driven, demand-driven and supply-driven chains considering different energy types. A Three-Perspective Energy-Carbon Nexus model is developed to facilitate comprehensive CO2 emission-reduction analysis in China. The model incorporates environmental input-output analysis and ecological network analysis within a general framework to clarify the relationships among provinces in terms of the production-based, consumption-based and income-based accountings. A new indicator, indirect emission dominant factor, is for the first time examined to evaluate the dominant capabilities of indirect emissions. It is discovered that the emissions triggered by the demand-side are not sensitive to energy types. Furthermore, the changes of integral flow control intensity in each province are insignificant from consumption-based and income-based perspectives. Final demand contributes 80% of consumption-based emissions and gross value-added creation leads to a total of 82% income-based CO2 emissions in China in 2012. When controlling emissions from multiple perspectives, traditional methods may not be effective since they do not consider the forms of emissions; some methods (e.g., product allocation) are not suitable for suppressing indirect emissions. Moreover, the prosperity of developed regions (e.g. Guangdong) highly rely on support from underdeveloped regions (e.g. Inner Mongolia). Some underdeveloped provinces are receptors of CO2, while the developed ones are emitting CO2 to the system without assuming their emission-reduction responsibilities. In addition, secondary energy consumptions in developed regions are conducive in increasing their emission contributions to the system. In this research, an innovative perspective is initiated to disclose the energy-carbon interconnections across Chinese provinces. The obtained findings could help support the formulation of China's CO2 emission-reduction policies.

11.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; 33(14): 2377-2386, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30458694

RESUMO

Background: Velamentous cord insertion (VCI) has been proposed to be associated with some specific complications among monochorionic (MC) twin pregnancies. This meta-analysis and systematic review aims to determine the role of VCI in MC twin pregnancies.Methods: The PubMed, Embase and Web of Science databases and reference lists were searched for relevant studies. Outcomes of interest included twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), birthweight discordance (BWD) and selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR). The methodological quality of the included studies was assessed by using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. The pooled results were calculated by means of a random or fixed effect model to obtain odds ratio with 95% confidential interval (CI). Subgroup analyses were utilized to detect the sources of heterogeneity.Results: Twenty studies were eligible for inclusion. The pooled result suggested a significant association between VCI and TTTS (OR, 1.542; 95% CI, 1.116-2.129) with a moderate level of heterogeneity (Q test: p = .024; I2 = 50.2%). Subgroup analysis reported single-center study, methodological quality and exclusion of laser-coagulated TTTS as the sources of heterogeneity. Another analysis revealed an increased risk of BWD among twin pregnancies with VCI (OR, 2.945; 95% CI, 2.176-3.984) with a low heterogeneity (Q test: p = .347; I2 = 10.5%). None of study level characteristics was found to be an influencing factor. Three studies reporting on sIUGR suggested a significant association between VCI and sIUGR.Conclusions: The meta-analysis and systematic review suggests an association between VCI and BWD and sIUGR. However, the association between VCI and TTTS may be overestimated and high-quality studies with a representative sample are needed in further research.

12.
Macromol Rapid Commun ; 41(4): e1900598, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880033

RESUMO

An efficient bimolecular ring-closure method is developed to prepare the well-defined cyclic polynorbornenes by combining the living ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) with the self-accelerating double strain-promoted azide-alkyne cycloaddition (DSPAAC) reaction. In this method, ROMP is used to synthesize the well-defined linear polynorbornenes with both azide terminals by virtue of a N-hydroxysuccinimide-ester-functionalized Grubbs initiator following the modification of polymer end groups. DSPAAC click reaction is then used to ring-close the linear polymer precursors and prepare the corresponding well-defined cyclic polynorbornenes using the sym-dibenzo-1,5-cyclooctadiene-3,7-diyne (DIBOD) as small linkers. The self-accelerating DSPAAC ring-closing reaction facilitates this method to efficiently prepare pure cyclic polynorbornenes in the presence of a molar excess of DIBOD small linkers to the linear polynorbornene precursors. This is the first report to prepare well-defined polynorbornenes with cyclic topology based on the ring-closure strategy for cyclic polymers.


Assuntos
Reação de Cicloadição/métodos , Plásticos/síntese química , Polímeros/síntese química , Alquinos/química , Azidas/química , Química Click , Plásticos/análise , Plásticos/química , Polimerização , Polímeros/química
13.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 11: 611071, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33613448

RESUMO

Objective: Although research suggests a close association between maternal thyroid function and birth outcomes, no clear conclusion has been reached. We aimed to explore this potential association in a retrospective cohort study. Methods: This study included 8985 mother-child dyads. The maternal serum free tetraiodothyronine (FT4), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPO Ab) concentrations and birth outcome data were reviewed from medical records. Subjects with TPO Ab concentrations of >34 and ≤34 IU/ml were classified into the TPO Ab positivity (+) and TPO Ab negativity (-) groups, respectively. Results: Compared with subjects in the normal group (0.1 ≤ TSH < 2.5 mIU/L and TPO Ab-), those with TSH concentrations of 2.5-4.0 mIU/L and TPO Ab- had a 0.65-fold lower risk of low birth weight (LBW). In contrast, those with TSH concentrations of >4.0 mIU/L, regardless of the TPO Ab status, had a 2.01-fold increased risk of LBW. Subclinical hypothyroidism, regardless of the TPO Ab status, was associated with a 1.94-fold higher risk of LBW when compared with that in subjects with euthyroidism and TPO Ab-. No other significant associations were observed. Conclusion: A maternal TSH concentration of 2.5-4.0 mIU/L was associated with a lower risk of LBW when combined with TPO Ab-, whereas subjects with a TSH concentration of >4.0 mIU/L had an increased risk of LBW. Subclinical hypothyroidism appears to be associated with a higher risk of LBW.

14.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(10): 1253-1259, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801721

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression profile of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) and identify potential lncRNA-related competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNA) in placenta accrete spectrum disorders (PAS). METHODS: Five tissue specimens of placental implantation and 5 adjacent normal placental tissues were collected from cesarean section deliveries complicated by PAS in our hospital between December, 2017 and June, 2018. Human microarrays were used to identify the lncRNAs that were differentially expressed in PAS, and 5 of the identified lncRNAs were further validated using qRT-PCR. GO and KEGG pathway analyses were performed to indentify the most significant enrichment functions. A ceRNA network was constructed based on ENST00000511361 (RP5-875H18.4), NR_027457 (LINC00221) and NR_126415 (FOXP4-AS1) to pinpoint the potential lncRNAs-related ceRNA. RESULTS: A total of 329 lncRNAs and 179 mRNAs were identified to have differential expression in PAS. The results of qRT-PCR were consistent with the human microarrays results. Transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) signaling pathway was the most significantly enriched pathway. The constructed ceRNA network suggested that RP5-875H18.4--miRNA-218--SLIT2 had a potential ceRNA regulatory mechanism in PAS. CONCLUSIONS: The differentially expressed lncRNAs are involved in the occurrence and progression of PAS possibly by regulating the TGF-ß signaling pathway. The ceRNA network of RP5-875H18.4--miRNA-218--SLIT2 may play a role in the occurrence of PAS.


Assuntos
Placenta Acreta/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Cesárea , Feminino , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Placenta Acreta/genética , Gravidez , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta
15.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 243: 97-102, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678762

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: No recommendations are available for gestational weight gain (GWG) in underweight women with twin pregnancies. We aimed to evaluate whether underweight women with twin pregnancies should gain more weight than normal-weight women in order to optimize perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study compared the GWG and perinatal outcomes among normal-weight and underweight women who gave birth to viable twins between 2015 and 2018 at the Maternal and Child Health Hospital in Foshan, China. Gestational weight gain (GWG) was categorized as adequate or inadequate GWG, based on the US Institute of Medicine 2009 guidelines for normal-weight women (≥ 0.46 kg/week). The outcomes of interest included spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) <37 weeks, <35 and <32 weeks, small for gestational age (SGA), gestational hypertensive disorder (GHD), gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), birth weight discordance (BDW) ≥20%, neonatal intensive unit (NICU) admission and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS). Propensity score matching (PSM, in a 1:1 ratio) was utilized to minimize the effects of confounders on the differences in the two cohorts. Multivariable logistic models were also used to verify the results from PSM analysis. RESULTS: There were 475 normal-weight and 111 underweight women included in the analysis. Our results suggested that the incidence of adequate GWG was comparable between underweight and normal-weight women (37.5% vs. 45.1%, P = 0.141). The prevalence of GDM was significantly lower among underweight women (9.9%) than among normal-weight women (20.4%) (P = 0.010). There was no evidence of differences in other perinatal outcomes between the two groups. 102 underweight women and 102 normal-weight women were included in PSM analyses. There was a lower incidence of GDM in underweight women than in normal-weight women, but the difference was not significant (9.8% vs. 18.6%, P = 0.071). No evidence of any differences in the other outcomes, including sPTB, GHD, BWD≥20%, SGA, NICU admission and NRDS, was found between the underweight and normal-weight women. Multivariable logistic regression models yielded similar results. CONCLUSIONS: For Chinese twin pregnant women with twin pregnancies, our data does provide evidence to suggest underweight women need to gain more weight than normal-weight women to optimize perinatal outcomes. Future studies with larger number of underweight women with twin gestations are warranted to establish an optimal range of GWG.


Assuntos
Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/epidemiologia , Ganho de Peso na Gestação , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido/epidemiologia , Magreza/epidemiologia , Adulto , Peso ao Nascer , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Logísticos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Langmuir ; 35(35): 11435-11442, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403803

RESUMO

The Fe3O4@SiO2 paramagnetic Janus particles with phenyl groups and amino groups segmented on two different sides were fabricated by the Pickering emulsion method. Then, the poly(ionic liquid)s were selectively modified onto the amino side via in situ induced ATRP polymerization. Different anions were introduced onto the poly(ionic liquid)s region by exchanging anions to adjust the wettability of the side. Meanwhile, after the PW12O403- anions were employed, the poly(ionic liquid)-modified Fe3O4@SiO2 Janus particles can be used as a catalytic solid emulsifier and degraded water-soluble dyes with the aid of stabilizing emulsion.

17.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 12099, 2019 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31431662

RESUMO

This retrospective cohort study aimed to investigate the effect of placental location on birthweight discordance among diamniotic-dichorionic twin pregnancies. Medical records and sonographic reports of 978 diamniotic-dichorionic twin pregnancies delivered at Foshan Maternal and Fetal Health Hospital were reviewed. Pregnancies with congenital malformation, intrauterine death or placenta previa were excluded. The placental location for each twin was determined by last sonographic examination before delivery, and the pregnancies were grouped by different versus same placental location in each pregnancy. Maternal and fetal characteristics were summarized. The primary outcome of interest was birthweight discordance (BWD) ≥20%, and secondary outcomes included small for gestational age (SGA) as a binary outcome and mean value and absolute difference in birthweight as continuous outcomes. Student's t test and the chi-square test were used for univariate analyses, while multivariate regressions were used to adjust for confounders. General estimated equation (GEE) models were used to address the correlation between fetuses when assessing SGA. A total of 866 eligible subjects were included in the analysis. In total, 460 pregnancies had placentas with different locations, and 406 had placentas with same locations. The gestational age at delivery was slightly younger in the same placental location group than in the different placental location group (35.8 ± 0.1 vs. 36.1 ± 0.1 weeks, P = 0.067). Other maternal and fetal characteristics were comparable between the two study groups. There was no significant difference in BWD ≥20% (aOR = 1.06; 95% CI: 0.71-1.59) or SGA (aOR = 1.32; 95% CI: 0.76-2.28) between the same and different placental location groups. Neither the mean value nor the absolute difference in birth weight was associated with placental location combination (P = 0.478 and P = 0.162, respectively). In conclusion, discordant birthweight is not affected by same location of diamniotic-dichorionic placentas.


Assuntos
Peso ao Nascer/fisiologia , Doenças Fetais/diagnóstico por imagem , Placenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Adulto , Âmnio/fisiologia , Córion/fisiologia , Feminino , Doenças Fetais/fisiopatologia , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Placenta/fisiopatologia , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
18.
Zookeys ; 870: 33-50, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419269

RESUMO

A new and the first proven oxychilid species endemic to China is reported from Sichuan Province. Sinoxychilus gen. nov. is established based on this new species and has diagnostic traits of the sculptured protoconch, partial epiphallus wrapped by developed penis sheath, penial retractor muscle inserting on the top of penial caecum, spinelets on penial pilasters, absence of epiphallic papilla and perivaginal gland present on vagina and proximal bursa copulatrix duct. In light of shell morphology and through geometric morphometric analyses, Zonites scrobiculatus scrobiculatus Gredler and Z. scrobiculatus hupeina Gredler are proposed to be included in the new genus. A phylogenetic inference based on ITS2 gene indicates that the new genus is systematically close to Oxychilus Fitzinger, which is known from the Western Palearctic and the Southwestern Arabian Peninsula, regions that are geographically far from the distribution range of the new genus.

19.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 19(1): 262, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational weight gain (GWG) has implications for perinatal outcomes, the guidelines for maternal weight gain, however, remain understudied among twin pregnancies. This study aimed to assess the associations between perinatal outcomes and GWG among twin pregnancies, based on the US institute of Medicine (IOM) 2009 guidelines. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of pregnant women with viable twins ≥26 weeks of gestation, was conducted in Foshan, China, during July 2015 and June 2018. Maternal BMI was categorized based on Chinese standard and GWG was categorized as below, within and above the IOM 2009 recommendations. Underweight women were excluded for analysis. Perinatal outcomes were compared among these groups. To assess the independent impact of GWG on the perinatal outcomes, conventional multivariable regression and general estimated equation (GEE) were utilized for maternal outcomes and neonatal outcomes, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 645 mothers with twin pregnancies were included, of whom 15.0, 41.4 and 43.6% gained weight below, within and above guidelines, respectively. Compared to weight gain within guidelines, inadequate weight gain was associated with increased risks in spontaneous preterm birth < 37 weeks (aOR:3.55; 95% CI: 1.73-7.28) and < 35 weeks (aOR:2.63; 95% CI: 1.16-5.97). Women who gained weight above guidelines were more likely to have gestational hypertension disorder (aOR: 2.36; 95% CI: 1.32-4.21), pre-eclampsia (aOR: 2.59; 95% CI: 1.29-5.21) and have fetuses weighted >90th percentile and less likely to have fetuses weighted < 2500 g and < 1500 g. CONCLUSIONS: Maintenance of gestational weight gain within the normal range could decrease the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. However, the causality between pre-eclampsia and gestational weight gain requires further investigations.


Assuntos
Ganho de Peso na Gestação , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Gravidez de Gêmeos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Am J Hypertens ; 32(5): 492-502, 2019 04 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30668634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a growing problem worldwide and can often result in a variety of negative health outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of age at diagnosis, calendar period, and birth cohort on the change in the prevalence rate of hypertension in Guangzhou from 2004 to 2013. METHODS: We used data from the Guangzhou Community Health Survey, a population-based study designed by the National Health and Family Planning Commission of the PRC every 5 years. A total of 27,299, 23,467, and 18,362 participants aged 15-79 years completed the survey in 2004, 2009, and 2013, respectively. RESULTS: Age effects increased slowly before the age of 42 years but increased rapidly after the age of 42 years, peaking at 79 years. Cohort effects grew slowly before the end of the 1960s but grew quickly after the end of the 1960s. The risk of suffering from hypertension among people born in 1962, 1972, 1982, and 1992 was 1.39, 2.68, 5.55, and 11.53 times, respectively, than that of people born in 1952. The period effects increased 25% from 2004 to 2009 and later declined 27% from 2009 to 2013 in the entire population. There was no gender difference in age effects and period effects, but strong cohort effects on hypertension were observed among males compared with females. CONCLUSIONS: For Chinese individuals, the later one is born, the higher the risk is of suffering from hypertension. Strong cohort effects for hypertension were observed among males compared with females, indicating that males are more easily affected by hypertension based on the change in birth cohort.


Assuntos
Previsões , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Efeito de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
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