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1.
Water Res ; 173: 115596, 2020 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062228

RESUMO

Selective reduction of nitrate to N2 is attractive but still a difficult challenge in the water treatment field. Herein, we established a flow-through electrochemical system packed with polymeric beads supported nZVI (nZVI@D201) for selective nitrate reduction. Consequently, efficient nitrate reduction in the flow mode was achieved on nZVI@D201 under electrochemical regulation with N2 selectivity of up to 95% for at least 60 h. Otherwise, nZVI was gradually exhausted after 20 h, and the product was mainly the undesired NH4+. Through a series of comparative experiments, we clarified that the enhanced nitrate reduction on nZVI under electrochemical regulation was mainly attributed to electrons (from cathode) and active hydrogen ([H]) rather than the previously speculated H2. Combining the characterizations of nZVI during nitrate reduction by X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectrometry, we found that nitrate reduction under electrochemical regulation was mediated by nZVI along with the resultant Fe0@FexOy-Fe(II) structure and was sustained by electrons (from cathode) and [H] via the in situ reduction of Fe(III) back to Fe(II). Meanwhile, the undesirable product NH4+ was efficiently oxidized to N2 by the active chlorine generated on the anode. This study not only clarifies the mechanism of enhanced nitrate reduction on nZVI via electrochemical regulation but also advances the technological coupling of nZVI reduction with electrochemistry.

2.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077880

RESUMO

A novel and efficient method for the generation of alkyl radicals and the alkylation of quinoline and pyridine derivatives under mild conditions has been developed. This strategy allows the direct alkylation of heteroaromatics in the absence of an external oxidant. A preliminary mechanistic study suggests that the present reaction probably proceeds via an intermolecular HAT process.

3.
Genet Med ; 22(1): 170-180, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332282

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Elucidating the genetic architecture underlying autism spectrum disorder (ASD) will aid in the understanding of its genetic etiology and clinical diagnosis. METHODS: A comprehensive set of coding de novo variants (DNVs) from 4504 trios with ASD and 3012 control/sibling trios from several large-scale sequencing studies were collected and combined. Multiple in-depth analyses including DNVs burden, clinical phenotypes, and functional networks underlying the combined data set were used to evaluate the nonrandom occurrence of multiple extreme DNVs (loss-of-function and damaging missense variants) in the same patients. RESULTS: We observed a significant excess of multiple extreme DNVs among patients with ASD compared with controls. Meanwhile, patients with ASD carrying 2+ extreme DNVs had significantly lower IQs than patients carrying 0 or 1 DNV. Moreover, much closer functional connectivity than expected was observed among 2 or more genes with extreme DNVs from the same individuals. In particular, we identified 56 key genes as more confident ASD genes compared with other known ASD genes. In addition, we detected 23 new ASD candidate genes with recurrent DNVs, including VIP, ZWILCH, MSL2, LRRC4, and CAPRIN1. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings present compelling statistical evidence supporting an oligogenic model and provide new insights into the genetic architecture of ASD.

4.
Exp Mol Pathol ; 113: 104350, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31805278

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). After generating ALI mouse models by injecting LPS, the levels of ACE2, inflammatory factors, and downstream proteins of the LPS-TLR4 pathway were analyzed. LPS-challenged BEAS-2B cells were established in vitro. Next, a eukaryotic expression vector, pm-ACE2, was constructed and validated. Challenged cells were transfected with pm-ACE2 containing enhanced green fluorescent protein, or they were treated with D-Ala-Ang-(1-7), angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI), angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) and the LPS-TLR4 pathway inhibitor dimethyl fumarate (DMF) for analysis of how the above factors contribute to ACE2 regulation. Expression of renin, Ang II, ACE and angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) was subsequently assessed. In the ALI model, mice exhibited decreased expression of ACE2, lung pathological injury, inflammatory injury, and abnormal activation of the LPS-TLR4 pathway. LPS-challenged BEAS-2B cells demonstrated upregulated expression of renin, Ang II, ACE and AT1R. After injection of ACE2, lung function and lung pathological injury were significantly improved, and that effect was accompanied by attenuated inflammation, and inactivation of the LPS-TLR4 pathway. Cell studies showed similar results. The above observations were further enhanced when there was a combined treatment with DMF and pm-ACE2. D-Ala-Ang-(1-7) treatment attenuated the protective effect of ACE2, while ACEI and ARB treatment alleviated LPS-induced pneumonic injury. In conclusion, ACE2 was expressed at low levels in response to LPS-induced ALI. Overexpression of ACE2 regulates the ACE2/Ang-(1-7)/Mas and ACE/Ang II/AT1 axes to maintain dynamic balance of the renin-angiotensin system, and attenuate inflammatory response.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860430

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped (0.3-0.4×1.2-2.0 µm), strictly aerobic and beige-pigmented bacterium, designated B3227T, was isolated from the sediment of a sea cucumber culture pond in Rongcheng, China (122.2° E 36.9° N). Its biochemical characteristics analysis revealed that the cells of this bacterium were catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. Cell growth occurred at 15-45 °C (optimum, 37 °C), pH 6.5-9.0 (pH 7.5-8.0) and in the presence of 0.0-22.0 % (w/v) NaCl (6.0-9.0 % NaCl). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing indicated that strain B3227T exhibited similarities of 95.7, 95.5, 95.5 and 95.3 % to the type strains of Filobacillus milensis, Piscibacillus salipiscarius, Halalkalibacillus halophilus and Piscibacillus halophilus, respectively, and the results of physiological analyses revealed that strain B3227T was most similar to the genus Halalkalibacillus. The cells were endospore-forming and comprised an A1-γ-meso-diaminopimelic acid-type peptidoglycan. The respiratory quinone of strain B3227T was MK-7, and the dominant fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The genomic DNA G+C content was 38.7 mol%. The average nucleotide identity values between strain B3227T and H. halophilus JCM 14192T (ANIb 69.5%, ANIm 84.2 %) and F. milensis JCM 12288T (ANIb 70.1 %, ANIm 84.1 %) were below the cut-off level (95-96  %) for species delineation. The results of kegg analysis revealed that strain B3227T could biosynthesize shikimate acid, a base compound for the formulation of the swine flu drug. Based on its morphological and physiological properties, as well as phylogenetic distinctiveness, strain B3227T should be placed into the genus Halalkalibacillus as a representative of a new species, for which the name Halalkalibacillus sediminis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is B3227T (=KCTC 33093T=MCCC 1H00193T).

6.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17444, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767895

RESUMO

Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) is the recommended first line therapy for patients with HIV. Since 2004, Chinese government has provided free Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for Chinese HIV/AIDS patients. Data of living patients with HIV from the NFTCMP database and Center for Disease Control (CDC) database during 2003-2016 in Guangxi province was obtained and compared. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to their recorded treatment regimens. A total of 2954 patients with their treatment recorded in the two databases were included for analysis, their median age was 46 years (IQR = 36-59), and 64.63% were male. CHM regimens users had baseline CD4 cell counts (380.11 ± 240.59 cell/µL), approximately 100 cell/µL significantly higher than patients receiving CHM combined with ART regimens or only ART regimens. There was no significant difference in mortality among groups. All three regimens improved patients' CD4 cell counts. Compared to the sharp improvement in ART group during the first 6 months, CD4 cell counts of patients in CHM group and CHM combined with ART group showed a smooth and steady rise. CD4 cell counts of the combined group remained much lower than ART group in the first 3 years, but overtook ART group in the fourth year.

7.
J Org Chem ; 84(19): 12358-12365, 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532668

RESUMO

The first palladium-catalyzed Hiyama cross-coupling reactions of arylsilanes with 3-iodoazetidine were described. The protocol provides a convenient access to a variety of useful 3-arylazetidines which are of great interest in pharmaceutical laboratories in moderate to good yields (30%-88%). In addition, this strategy has the advantage of easy operation and mild reaction conditions.

8.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(10): 3305-3309, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418672

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, beige-coloured, motile, facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated as E84T, was isolated from sediment sampled from a marine solar saltern in Wendeng, PR China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that Rhodosalinus sediminis WDN1C137T was the closest phylogenetic relationship, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 96.9 %. Optimal growth occurred at 33-37 °C (range, 20-40 °C), at pH 7.5 (pH 7.0-8.5) and with 6.0 % (w/v) NaCl (0.5-20.0 %). The sole respiratory quinone was Q-10. The major fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c), C18 : 0 and cyclo C19 : 0ω8c. The polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified glycolipid, two unidentified phospholipids and two unidentified lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain E84T was 69.8 mol%. Based on the results of physiological, genotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses, we concluded that strain E84T represents a novel species of the genus Rhodosalinus, for which the name Rhodosalinus halophilus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is E84T (=KCTC 52697T=MCCC 1H00231T).


Assuntos
Filogenia , Rhodobacteraceae/classificação , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhodobacteraceae/isolamento & purificação , Salinidade , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Ubiquinona/química
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(11): 3609-3615, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436526

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, red-coloured and aerobic bacterium, designated 2b14T, was isolated from rhizosphere soil of Saxifraga oppositifolia sampled at the Chinese Arctic Yellow River Station in Norway. Optimal growth occurred at 28 °C (range, 4-37 °C) and pH 7.0-7.5 (pH 6.5-8.5). The strain could tolerate up to 2.5 % (w/v) NaCl concentration. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain 2b14Thad the highest similarity value of 96.0 % to Pontibacter diazotrophicus CCTCC AB 2013049T. The major fatty acids were summed feature 4 (anteiso-C17 : 1 B and/or iso-C17 : 1 I), iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The major polar lipid was found to be phosphatidylethanolamine. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain 2b14T was 45.5 mol%. The sole respiratory quinone was MK-7. The combined results of physiological, genotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic analyses showed that strain 2b14T represents a novel species within the genus Pontibacter, for which the name Pontibacter arcticus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 2b14T (=KCTC 62596T=MCCC 1H00304T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Rizosfera , Saxifragaceae/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Noruega , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
10.
Genet Med ; 21(11): 2662-2663, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367017

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

11.
J Hazard Mater ; 380: 120885, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377673

RESUMO

Tetracycline is an antibiotic that frequently contaminates the environment. In this study, the growth and metabolites of ryegrass seedlings treated with tetracycline (0, 1, 10 or 100 mg/L) for 5 days were investigated. The results showed that the growth of ryegrass and the concentrations of carotenoid and chlorophyll decreased as the tetracycline concentration increased. Tetracycline increased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell permeability and triggered mitochondrial membrane potential loss in the roots of ryegrass. The metabolic profiles of ryegrass differed between the control and tetracycline-treated groups. The contents of glucose, shikimic acid, aconitic acid, serine, lactose, phenylalanine, mannitol, galactose, gluconic acid, asparagine, and glucopyranose were positively correlated with root length and had high variable importance projection values. These compounds may have crucial functions in root extension. Tetracycline also affected aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis, nitrogen metabolism, and alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism in the roots. Tetracycline may affect root extension by regulating the synthesis/degradation of these metabolites or the activity of their biosynthetic pathways. These results provide an insight into the stress response of ryegrass to tetracycline.

12.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 112(12): 1747-1754, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31346824

RESUMO

A Gram-negative, aerobic, non-motile, pink and rod-shaped bacterium, designated E01020T, was isolated from soil collected from the Chinese Great Wall Station, Antarctica. Comparative analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain E01020T is a member of the genus Pedobacter, related to Pedobacter alluvionis DSM 19624T (96.8% similarity), Pedobacter agri JCM 15120T (96.5% similarity) and Pedobacter chinensis JDX94T (96.3% similarity). The dDDH values and ANI values of strain E01020T with closely related strains indicate that it can be distinguished from them as a novel species. The DNA G+C content was determined to be 35.2 mol%. The growth of strain E01020T was observed at 4-25 °C (optimal 20 °C), in the presence of 0-1% NaCl (w/v, optimal 0%) and at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimal pH 7.0). Strain E01020T was found to contained menaquinon-7 (MK-7) as only respiratory quinone, iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0 3-OH and Summed feature 3 (C16:1ω6c and/or C16:1ω7c) as major fatty acids. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified lipid and two unidentified aminolipids. On the basis of the results of the phylogenetic and phenotypic analyses, it was suggested that strain E01020T represents a novel species of the genus Pedobacter, for which the name Pedobacter changchengzhani sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is E01020T (= KCTC 62990T = MCCC 1H00357T).

13.
Front Genet ; 10: 565, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31275356

RESUMO

Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia (SIOD) is an extremely rare autosomal recessive pleiotropic disease. Although biallelic mutations in SMARCAL1 gene have been reported to be the genetic etiology of SIOD, its molecular diagnosis has been challenging in a relatively proportion of cases due to the extreme rarity. Here, we made a definitive SIOD diagnosis of a 5-year-old girl with an extremely mild phenotype by applying whole exome sequencing (WES). As a result, a novel maternal mutation (c.2141+5G > A) confirmed to create a novel splice donor site combined with a known paternal mutation (c.1933C > T; p.Arg645Cys) were detected. In addition, previous reported SIOD cases showed excessive enrichment for mutations in the helicase ATP-binding and C-terminal domains of SMARCAL1. Similarly, the novel mutation we identified caused a mutant protein truncated in the SMARCAL1 C-terminus. Interestingly, based on the phenotypic profile, compared to reported cases, the patient in our study exhibited milder symptoms with renal dysfunctions limited to asymptomatic proteinuria, but no neurological signs or recurrent infections. Moreover, we identified 73 SMARCAL1-interacting genes, which formed a significant interconnected interaction network with roles in disease-related pathways such as double-strand break repair via homologous recombination, DNA repair, and replication fork processing. Notably, the top 15 SMARCAL1-interacting genes all showed a similar renal temporal expression pattern. Altogether, to our knowledge, the case in this study is the first case diagnosed originally based on a genetic test via WES rather than a characteristic phenotype. The identification of the novel allelic mutation (c.2141+5G > A) extends the phenotypic spectrum of SMARCAL1 mutations and the following bioinformatics analysis presents additional genetic evidence to illustrate the role of SMARCAL1 in SIOD.

14.
Front Genet ; 10: 605, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31354784

RESUMO

Infantile spasm (IS) is an early-onset epileptic encephalopathy that usually presents with hypsarrhythmia on an electroencephalogram with developmental impairment or regression. In this study, whole-exome sequencing was performed to detect potential pathogenic de novo mutations, and finally we identified a novel damaging de novo mutation in SEMA5A and a compound heterozygous mutation in CLTCL1 in three sporadic trios with IS. The expression profiling of SEMA5A in the human brain showed that it was mainly highly expressed in the cerebral cortex, during the early brain development stage (8 to 9 post-conception weeks and 0 to 5 months after birth). In addition, we identified a close protein-protein interaction network between SEMA5A and candidate genes associated with epilepsy, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or intellectual disability. Gene enrichment and function analysis demonstrated that genes interacting with SEMA5A were significantly enriched in several brain regions across early fetal development, including the cortex, cerebellum, striatum and thalamus (q < 0.05), and were involved in axonal, neuronal and synapse-associated processes. Furthermore, SEMA5A and its interacting genes were associated with ASD, epilepsy syndrome and developmental disorders of mental health. Our results provide insightful information indicating that SEMA5A may contribute to the development of the brain and is associated with IS. However, further genetic studies are still needed to evaluate the role of SEMA5A in IS to definitively establish the role of SEMA5A in this disorder.

15.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 672: 108061, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31356776

RESUMO

Autophagy exerts a dual role in promoting cell death or survival. Recent studies have shown that it may play an important role in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). It was also suggested that angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) may participate in the regulation of autophagy. The present study aims to investigate the role of autophagy in ALI and the involvement of ACE2. The regulation of the APMK/mTOR pathway was explored to clarify the underlying mechanism. The results showed that autophagy played an important role in ALI induced by LPS, as the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) mitigated the severity of ALI. ACE2 activator resorcinolnaphthalein and inhibitor MLN-4760 significantly affected the histological appearance and wet/dry (W/D) ratio of the lung and altered the ACE2 activity of the lung, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels in lung tissue. Furthermore, LPS, resorcinolnaphthalein and MLN-4760 significantly affected the expression of autophagy proteins Beclin-1, LC3-I and LC3-II. To explore the mechanism of ACE2 on lung autophagy, we measured the phosphorylation of AMPK/mTOR after mice were treated with LPS and resorcinolnaphthalein or MLN-4760. The results revealed that resorcinolnaphthalein and MLN-4760 both significantly altered the phosphorylation of AMPK/mTOR. Finally, we found that AMPK inhibitor (8-bAMP) and mTOR activator (propranolol) both abolished the effects of ACE2 activator (resorcinolnaphthalein) on the expression of lung autophagy proteins Beclin-1, LC3-I and LC3-II. In conclusion, these findings suggest that ACE2 could alleviate the severity of ALI, inflammation and autophagy in lung tissue through the AMPK/mTOR pathway.

16.
PLoS One ; 14(6): e0219091, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31242267

RESUMO

Detection of human adenoviruses (HAdVs) in nasopharyngeal swab samples by immunofluorescence assay (IFA) will be valuable for diagnosing HAdV infection, which is a leading cause of severe respiratory tract disease, and will help in curbing the spread of HAdV. Monoclonal antibodies employed in IFA for HAdV detection should ideally target highly conserved epitope types. Here, we describe the development of two antigen-binding fragments (Fabs) with specific reactivity to HAdV using phage antibody library technology. When tested with IFA, both Fabs recognized cells infected with several types of HAdV, some of which have been identified in epidemics globally, or associated with outbreaks of severe or fatal acute respiratory diseases. The specificity and cross-reactivity of both Fabs to HAdVs indicated that the generated Fabs could be applied in the development of IFAs to detect HAdVs. Both Fabs bound to the knob proteins, as shown by chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay and western blot. In addition, epitope mapping showed that both Fabs recognized a conserved linear epitope among several types of HAdV. Two different Fabs recognized the same epitope, suggesting that the epitope triggered the production of at least two kinds of antibodies in the body. The generated Fabs exerted no neutralization against HAdVs. The results demonstrate that both Fabs bind to an epitope that plays no role in neutralization of HAdV.

17.
Front Immunol ; 10: 795, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31068931

RESUMO

Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is a common chronic autoimmune disease characterized by a high prevalence of autoantibodies and lymphocyte-mediated exocrine gland damage. To enhance our understanding of the mechanisms underlying the progression of the disease and to discover potential biomarkers for the early diagnosis of pSS, we applied RNA sequencing to compare the gene expression patterns in minor salivary glands between pSS patients and non-pSS. A total of 293 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected in pSS vs. non-pSS (FDR < 0.05, fold changes > 2). Of these DEGs, 285 (97.26%) were up-regulated, with most being involved in immune system activation, especially in the formation of the immunological synapse. Significantly elevated CCL19/CCR7 expression in the salivary gland was found to be related to anti-Sjögren's syndrome-related antigen A (SSA) antibody and IgG levels in pSS patients, which was further confirmed in a larger cohort. Up-regulated gene expression showed strong discriminatory accuracy in identifying pSS with area under the curve of 0.98 using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. In conclusion, gene expression changes in pSS include strong markers of immunological activation and have good discriminatory power in identifying patients with pSS.

18.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2019 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30941681

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impacts of two herbal preparations for human immunodeficiency virus/aquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) patients, Shenling Fuzheng Capsule (, SLFZC) and Qingdu Capsule (, QDC), on the efficacy of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). METHODS: HIV/AIDS patients met the criteria were all enrolled in a 1-year cohort study, in which patients receiving HAART alone were designated as Group A, those receiving HAART in combination with SLFZC were designated as Group B, and those receiving HAART in combination with QDC were designated as Group C, 100 cases in each group. The dose of SLFZC was 1.48 g (4 capsules), 3 times daily, and QDC 1.56 g (4 capsules), 3 times daily. T cell subsets, HIV RNA and HIV-1 drug resistance were detected at enrollment and 1 year after treatment. Patients were followed up every 3 months, during which side-effects and other clinical data were recorded. RESULTS: After 1-year treatment, the median increment in CD4 counts was 165.0, 178.0 and 145.0 cells/µL for Group A, B and C, respectively. HIV RNA was undetectable in 94% of patients in Group A, 96% in Group B and 92% in Group C. There were no differences regarding the increment in CD4 counts, HIV RNA and frequency of HIV-1 drug resistance mutations. Two of the 14 suspected side-effect symptoms, i.e. fatigue and dizziness, were lower in Groups B and C than in Group A (P<0.05, respectively) CONCLUSIONS: SLFZC and QDC do not have a negative impact on immunological and virological response to HAART; however, these preparations are not as potent in reducing HAART-associated side-effects as anticipated.

19.
Hum Mutat ; 40(3): 281-287, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30488659

RESUMO

Recent whole-exome sequencing (WES) studies have demonstrated the contribution of de novo mutations (DNMs) to epileptic encephalopathies (EEs). Here, we performed WES on four trios with West syndrome and identified three loss-of-function DNMs in both CSNK1E (c.885+1G>A) and STXBP1 (splicing, c.1111-2A>G; nonsense, p.(Y519X)). The splicing mutation in CSNK1E creates insertion of 116 new amino acids at position 246 followed by a premature stop codon. Both CSNK1E and STXBP1 showed a closer coexpression relationship with epilepsy candidate genes beyond that expected by chance. In addition, genes coexpressed with CSNK1E were enriched in early prenatal stages across multiple brain regions. We also found that 60 CSNK1E-interacting genes share an association with multiple neuropsychiatric disorders, and these genes formed a significant interconnected interaction network with roles in the midbrain development. Our study supported the potential role of CSNK1E variants in EE susceptibility and expanded the phenotypic spectrum associated with CSNK1E variation.

20.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 2919, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30542337

RESUMO

Background: Respiratory infections pose a great challenge in global health, and the prevalence of viral infection in adult patients has been poorly understood in northeast China. Harbin is one of the major cities in northeast China, and more than half of any given year in Harbin is occupied by winter. To reveal the viral etiology and seasonality in adult patients from Harbin, a 4-year consecutive survey was conducted in Harbin, China. Methods: From January 2014 to December 2017, specimens were obtained from adult patients admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University with lower respiratory tract infections. Sputum samples were examined by direct immunofluorescence assays to detect seven common respiratory viruses, including influenza virus (type A and B), parainfluenza virus (type 1 to 3), respiratory syncytial virus and adenovirus. Adenovirus positive samples were seeded onto A549 cells to isolate viral strains. Phylogenetic analysis was conducted on the highly variable region of adenoviral hexon gene. Results: A total of 1,300 hospitalized adult patients with lower respiratory tract infections were enrolled, in which 189 patients (14.5%) were detected as having at least one viral infection. The co-infection rate in this study was 25.9% (49/189). The dominant viral pathogen from 2014 to 2017 was parainfluenza virus, with a detection rate of 7.2%, followed by influenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus and adenovirus. Based on the climate seasons determined by daily average temperature, the highest overall viral detection rate was detected in spring (22.0%, 52/236), followed by winter (13.4%, 109/813), autumn (11.4%, 13/114) and summer (10.9%, 15/137). Adenovirus type 3 strains with slight variations were isolated from positive cases, which were closely related to the GB strain from the United States, as well as the Harbin04B strain isolated locally. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that common respiratory viruses were partially responsible for hospitalized lower respiratory tract infections in adult patients from Harbin, China, with parainfluenza virus as the dominant viral pathogen. Climate seasons could be rational indicators for the seasonality analysis of airborne viral infections. Future surveillance on viral mutations would be necessary to reveal the evolutionary history of respiratory viruses.

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