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2.
Anal Chem ; 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909401

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis could induce cirrhosis and liver cancer, causing serious damages to liver function and even death. Early diagnosis of fibrosis is extremely requisite for optimizing treatment schedule to improve cure rate. In early-stage fibrosis, overexpressed monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) can serve as a biomarker, which greatly contributes to the diagnosis of early liver fibrosis. However, there is still a lack of desired strategy to precisely monitor MAO-B in situ. In this work, we established a two-photon fluorescence imaging method for in vivo detection of MAO-B activity counting on a simply prepared probe, BiPhAA. The BiPhAA could be activated by MAO-B within 10 min and fluoresced brightly. To our knowledge, this BiPhAA-based imaging platform for MAO-B is more rapid than other current detection methods. Furthermore, BiPhAA allowed the dynamic observation of endogenous MAO-B level changes in hepatic stellate cells (LX-2). Through two-photon fluorescence imaging, we observed six times higher fluorescence brightness in the liver tissue of fibrosis mice than that of normal mice, thus successfully distinguishing mice with liver fibrosis from normal mice. Our work offers a simple, fast, and highly sensitive approach for imaging MAO-B in situ and paves a way to the diagnosis of early liver fibrosis with accuracy.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33861354

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Self-harm in adolescents is prevalent and is the most significant predictor of future self-harm and suicide. Longitudinal data on the incidence and predictors of repeat self-harm in the general population of adolescents are limited. This study investigated 1-year incidence and psychosocial predictors of repeat self-harm in Chinese adolescents. METHODS: Shandong Adolescent Behavior and Health Cohort is a longitudinal study of behavior and health in adolescents in Shandong Province, China. Of 7072 participants who were assessed in 2015 and again 1 year later in 2016, 1879 reported a history of self-harm at the baseline survey and were included for this analysis. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used to assess behavioral and emotional problems, sleep, life stress, previous history of self-harm and suicidal thought, and family factors at baseline and self-harm at 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: Mean age of the sample was 14.86 (SD 1.36) years and 54.6% were female. At 1-year follow-up, 22.1% participants engaged in repeat self-harm. Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that female gender (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.11-1.89), alcohol use (OR 1.95, 95% CI 1.48-2.57), frequent nightmares (OR 1.61, 95% CI 1.14-2.28), elevated depression score (OR 1.59, 95% CI 1.05-2.42), and prior suicidal thought (OR 1.79, 95% CI 1.37-2.34) were independently and significantly associated with an increased risk of repeat self-harm. CONCLUSION: More than one in five Chinese adolescents who had a history of self-harm engaged in self-harm at 1-year follow-up. Multiple psychosocial factors including female gender, alcohol use, frequent nightmares, depression, and prior suicidal thought appeared to be significant predictors of repeat self-harm. Our findings highlight the importance of comprehensive psychosocial assessment and intervention of repeat self-harm in adolescents.

4.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(3): 288-92, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798312

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the efficacy of acupuncture combined with Heixiaoyao powder for children with cerebral palsy (liver-qi stagnation, spleen-kidney deficiency syndrome) and its effect on serum immune indexes and nerve growth related protein. METHODS: A total of 180 children with cerebral palsy were randomly divided into a combined group (60 cases, 2 cases dropped off), an acupuncture group (60 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a Chinese medication group (60 cases, 5 cases dropped off). On the basis of conventional treatment, the children in the combined group were treated with acupuncture [Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Shenting (GV 24), Benshen (GB 13), 30 min each time, twice a day] and Heixiaoyao powder; the children in the acupuncture group were treated with acupuncture, and the children in the Chinese medication group were treated with Heixiaoyao powder, the treatment was same with the combined group. All the children were treated for 6 consecutive days and rest for 1 day, totaling for 8 weeks. The Gesell developmental schedules (GDS) and TCM symptom scores were recorded before treatment, after treatment and at 3-month, 6-month and 12-month follow-up visit; the serum immune indexes (IgA, IgG and IgM) and nerve growth related protein [myelin basic protein (MBP), high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), neuronspecific enolase (NSE)] were detected before and after treatment. The clinical efficacy of each group was evaluated. RESULTS: The total effective rate was 91.4% (53/58) in the combined group, which was higher than 80.4% (45/56) in the acupuncture group and 78.2% (43/55) in the Chinese medication group (P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the GDS scores in the three groups were increased and the TCM symptom scores were reduced after treatment and at 3-month, 6-month and 12-month follow-up visit (P<0.05). The GDS score in the combined group was higher than that in the acupuncture group and the Chinese medication group, and the TCM symptom score was lower than that in the acupuncture group and Chinese medication group (P<0.05). After treatment, the serum levels of IgA, IgG and IgM in the combined group were increased (P<0.05), and the serum levels of MBP, HMGBl and NSE were decreased (P<0.05), and the improvements were superior to those in the acupuncture group and the Chinese medication group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture combined with Heixiaoyao powder could effectively improve the development quotient in children with cerebral palsy (liver-qi stagnation, spleen-kidney deficiency syndrome), regulate the serum immune indexes and nerve growth related protein levels.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Paralisia Cerebral , Pontos de Acupuntura , Paralisia Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Humanos , Pós , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-8, 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685328

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the lacunar-like changes in cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) ultrasonography in first trimester and to explore its relationship with clinical outcome in early pregnancy termination. METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study. Patients who were diagnosed as CSP and chose to terminate pregnancy from January 2017 to April 2020 were enrolled. According to occurrence of lacunar-like change in chorion membrane, patients were divided into case and control group. The clinical manifestation, laboratory test, ultrasound data, and outcome were compared. RESULTS: Fifty-five CSP patients were enrolled with 20 (36.4%) in case group and 35 (63.6%) in control group. As for ultrasound features, the maximum outer diameter of gestational mass (5.6 ± 2.5 cm vs. 3.9 ± 1.5 cm), the maximum thickness of the chorion membrane (median number 1.1 cm vs. 0.7 cm), the longitudinal diameter of the implanting part of gestational mass in uterine lower segment (3.3 ± 1.8 cm vs. 1.2 ± 0.5 cm), uterine lower segment protrusion incidence (12, 60% vs. 2, 5.7%), and the crown-rump length of fetus (median number 1.7 cm vs. 0.7 cm) were bigger or higher in case group than that of the control group; the minimum thickness of the uterine lower segment myometrium (median number 0.08 cm vs. 0.20 cm) was significantly thinner in case group. CDFI grading of case group was different from control group with more cases in higher grades. As for clinical outcome, the patients of case group showed more frequency of CSP lesion resection under open surgery or laparoscopy (7, 35% vs. 1, 2.86%) rather than suction curettage, more blood loss in surgery (median number 35 ml vs. 20 ml) and more hospitalization days (median number 7.5 d vs. 3.5 d) than control group. CONCLUSIONS: Lacunar-like change of chorion can be detected in early gestation and may act as a predictor of complicated and worse clinical outcome.

6.
Mol Plant ; 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737195

RESUMO

The SAGA (Spt-Ada-Gcn5 acetyltransferase) complex is an evolutionarily conserved histone acetyltransferase complex that has a critical role in histone acetylation, gene expression, and various developmental processes in eukaryotes. However, little is known about the composition and function of the SAGA complex in plants. In this study, we found that the SAGA complex in Arabidopsis thaliana contains not only conserved subunits but also four plant-specific subunits: three functionally redundant paralogs, SCS1, SCS2A, and SCS2B (SCS1/2A/2B), and a TAF-like subunit, TAFL. Mutations in SCS1/2A/2B lead to defective phenotypes similar to those caused by mutations in the genes encoding conserved SAGA subunits HAG1 and ADA2B, including delayed juvenile-to-adult phase transition, late flowering, and increased trichome density. Furthermore, we demonstrated that SCS1/2A/2B are required for the function of the SAGA complex in histone acetylation, thereby promoting the transcription of development-related genes. These results together suggest that SCS1/2A/2B are core subunits of the SAGA complex in Arabidopsis. Compared with SAGA complexes in other eukaryotes, the SAGA complexes in plants have evolved unique features that are necessary for normal growth and development.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33769775

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the characteristics and factors associated with crystalline lens tilt and decentration measured by Casia2 anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Setting: Zhongshan Ophthalmic Centre, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. Design: This is a cross-sectional study. Methods: One thousand and ninety-seven eyes of 1097 patients who plan to undergo cataract surgery were enrolled. All patients underwent a general ophthalmologic examination. Lens thickness (LT), front curvature radius (FCR), back curvature radius (BCR), lens equator diameter (LED), tilt, and decentration of preoperative crystalline lenses were measured by Casia2. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed to evaluate the relationships between the tilt and decentration of crystalline lens with related factors. Results: The natural crystalline lenses showed an average tilt of 5.16 degrees towards the inferotemporal direction and an average decentration of 0.22 mm towards the temporal direction. One hundred and nineteen eyes (10.85%) had a tilt greater than 7 degrees, and 89 eyes (8.11%) had a decentration more than 0.4 mm. Multivariate regression analysis showed larger decentration, thicker LT, shorter AL and FCR were associated with greater lens tilt (P<0.001, P=0.007, P=0.006 and P=0.003). Additionally, greater tilt, older and thinner LT were correlated with larger decentration (all P<0.001). Conclusions and Relevance: Preoperative crystalline lens has a certain degree of tilt and decentration in age related-cataract. Greater tilt the crystalline lens is, larger decentration it is. Additionally, AL, FCR, LT and age also correlate to tilt and decentration.

8.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787087

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Due to population ageing as well as the high prevalence of hypertension and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in elderly individuals, and the relationship between hypertension and AMD is unclear. Our research aimed to investigate the association between hypertension, wet AMD (wAMD) and the treatment strategy of wAMD patients affected by hypertension. METHODS: Data of wAMD patients at Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, between 1 January 2002 and 30 June 2019, were extracted from the electronic healthcare information system. wAMD patients were divided into subgroups by hypertension status, age, sex, the need for vitrectomy surgery and the number of anti-VEGF drug intravitreal injections that these were divided in 1-3 vs. >3 (available time from 1 January 2012 to 30 June 2019). RESULTS: A total of 3096 wAMD patients (41.7% female, 58.3% male) with an age range of 50-96 years (68.7 (SD 9.42) years) were included. wAMD was significantly associated with hypertension (p < 0.001). After adjustment for sex and age, Cox regression model showed a significant association between hypertension in wAMD patients and the number of injections (RR = 1.31, 95% CI: 1.13-1.50, p < 0.001). There was no significant association between hypertension and the need for vitrectomy (p = 0.82). CONCLUSIONS: wet AMD was associated with hypertension status, and after the regular series of three injections, wAMD patients with hypertension were more likely to receive anti-VEGF drug intravitreal injections than those without hypertension. These results may facilitate prospective research on the prevention of wAMD and contribute to the management of wAMD patients.

9.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther ; 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712506

RESUMO

Understanding pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) relationship is essential in translational research. Existing PK-PD models for combination therapy lack consideration of quantitative contributions from individual drugs while interaction factor is always assigned arbitrarily to one drug and overstretched for the determination of in vivo pharmacologic synergism. Herein, we report a novel generic PK-PD model for combination therapy by considering apparent contributions from individual drugs co-administered. Doxorubicin (Dox) and sorafenib (Sor) were used as model drugs whose PK data were obtained in mice and fit to two-compartment model. Xenograft tumor growth was biphasic in mice and PD responses were described by three-compartment transit models. This PK-PD model revealed that Sor (contribution factor = 1.62) had much greater influence on overall tumor growth inhibition than co-administered Dox (contribution factor = 0.644), which explains the mysterious clinical findings on remarkable benefits for cancer patients when adding Sor to Dox treatment while none when adding Dox to Sor therapy. Furthermore, the combination index method was integrated into this predictive PK-PD model for critical determination of in vivo pharmacologic synergism that cannot be correctly defined by the interaction factor in conventional models. In addition, this new PK-PD model was able to identify optimal dosage combination (e.g., doubling experimental Sor dose and reducing Dox dose by 50%) towards much greater degree of tumor growth inhibition (>90%), consistent with stronger synergy (combination index = 0.298). These findings demonstrated the utilities of this new PK-PD model and reiterated the use of valid method for the assessment of in vivo synergism. Significance Statement A novel PK-PD model was developed for the assessment of combination treatment by considering contributions from individual drugs, and combination index method was incorporated to critically define in vivo synergism. A greater contribution from sorafenib to tumor growth inhibition than co-administered doxorubicin was identified, offering explanation for previously inexplicable clinical observations. This PK-PD model and strategy shall have broad applications to translational research on identifying optimal dosage combinations with stronger synergy toward improved therapeutic outcomes.

10.
Poult Sci ; 100(3): 100955, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33518309

RESUMO

To meet the growing consumer demand for chicken meat, the poultry industry has selected broiler chickens for increasing efficiency and breast yield. While this high productivity means affordable and consistent product, it has come at a cost to broiler welfare. There has been increasing advocacy and consumer pressure on primary breeders, producers, processors, and retailers to improve the welfare of the billions of chickens processed annually. Several small-scale studies have reported better welfare outcomes for slower-growing strains compared to fast-growing, conventional strains. However, these studies often housed birds with range access or used strains with vastly different growth rates. Additionally, there may be traits other than growth, such as body conformation, that influence welfare. As the global poultry industries consider the implications of using slower growing strains, there was a need for a comprehensive, multidisciplinary examination of broiler chickens with a wide range of genotypes differing in growth rate and other phenotypic traits. To meet this need, our team designed a study to benchmark data on conventional and slower-growing strains of broiler chickens reared in standardized laboratory conditions. Over a 2-year period, we studied 7,528 broilers from 16 different genetic strains. In this paper, we compare the growth, efficiency, and mortality of broilers to one of two target weights (TW): 2.1 kg (TW1) and 3.2 kg (TW2). We categorized strains by their growth rate to TW2 as conventional (CONV), fastest-slow strains (FAST), moderate-slow strains (MOD), and slowest-slow strains (SLOW). When incubated, hatched, housed, managed, and fed the same, the categories of strains differed in body weights, growth rates, feed intake, and feed efficiency. At 48 d of age, strains in the CONV category were 835 to 1,264 g heavier than strains in the other categories. By TW2, differences in body weights and feed intake resulted in a 22 to 43-point difference in feed conversion ratios. Categories of strains did not differ in their overall mortality rates.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Dieta , Animais , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Galinhas/classificação , Galinhas/genética , Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Galinhas/metabolismo , Metabolismo Energético/fisiologia , Genótipo , Mortalidade , Especificidade da Espécie
11.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(6): 2976-2993, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591626

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate how mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) modulate metabolic balance and attenuate hepatic lipotoxicity in the context of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). In vivo, male SD rats were fed with high-fat diet (HFD) to develop NAFLD; then, they were treated twice by intravenous injections of rat bone marrow MSCs. In vitro, HepG2 cells were cocultured with MSCs by transwell and exposed to palmitic acid (PA) for 24 hours. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stressor thapsigargin and sarco/ER Ca2+ -ATPase (SERCA2)-specific siRNA were used to explore the regulation of ER stress by MSCs. We found that MSC administration improved hepatic steatosis, restored systemic hepatic lipid and glucose homeostasis, and inhibited hepatic ER stress in HFD-fed rats. In hepatocytes, MSCs effectively alleviated the cellular lipotoxicity. Particularly, MSCs remarkably ameliorated the ER stress and intracellular calcium homeostasis induced by either PA or thapsigargin in HepG2 cells. Additionally, long-term HFD or PA stimulation would activate pyroptosis in hepatocytes, which may contribute to the cell death and liver dysfunction during the process of NAFLD, and MSC treatment effectively ameliorates these deleterious effects. SERCA2 silencing obviously abolished the ability of MSCs against the PA-induced lipotoxicity. Conclusively, our study demonstrated that MSCs were able to ameliorate liver lipotoxicity and metabolic disturbance in the context of NAFLD, in which the regulation of ER stress and the calcium homeostasis via SERCA has played a key role.

12.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 114(4): 437-444, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33619598

RESUMO

To isolate endophytic bacterium with the ability to specifically convert ginsenoside Rc from Panax quinquefolius. An endophytic bacterium G9y was isolated from Panax quinquefolius and indentified as Bacillus sp. based on 16s rDNA gene sequence. Ginsenoside Rc was effectively converted to Rd by G9y, which was confirmed by thin-layer chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis. The biotransformation conditions were further optimized as follows: inoculum amount 5%, converting temperature 45 °C, medium beef extract peptone broth at pH of 7, and the time of Rc addition was 4 h after bacterium G9y growth, under which ginsenoside Rc was completely converted to Rd by bacterium G9y within 25 h after inoculation. A strain of G9y with the ability to convert ginsenoside Rc into Rd was screened from endophytic bacteria isolated from P. quinquefolius. The results provide a new microbial resource for preparing ginsenoside Rd via biotransformation, and explore a pathway for Rc utilization, which has great potential application value.

13.
J Pain ; 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33636372

RESUMO

Chronic pain and suicidal behavior are prevalent in adolescents. This longitudinal study examined the associations between pain symptoms and suicidal behavior in adolescents. A total of 7,072 adolescents participated in a follow-up study of behavior and health in Shandong, China. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used to assess pain symptoms (headache, stomachache, and other nonspecific pain), insomnia, anxiety/depression, substance use, stressful life events, prior suicidal behavior, and family environment in November-December in 2015. One year later, a follow-up survey was conducted. Mean age of the sample was 14.6 years, and half were female. Of the sample, 44.8% and 8.4% reported having one or more pain symptoms "sometimes" and "often", respectively. A total of 22.4% and 10.6% reported having lifetime suicidal behavior at baseline and subsequent suicidal behavior over the 1-year follow-up, respectively. Frequent pain was significantly associated with increased risk of suicidal behavior at baseline (OR=1.64, 95%CI=1.32-2.03) and during the subsequent year (OR=1.50, 95%CI=1.17-1.93) while adjusting for adolescent individual and family covariates. Among adolescents without a history of prior suicidal behavior, frequent pain was significantly associated with an approximately 70% increased risk of incident suicidal behavior (OR= 1.69, 95%CI=1.14-2.51). In conclusion, frequent pain appears to be predictive of adolescent suicidal behavior one year later. PERSPECTIVE: This article presents the prospective associations of frequent pain symptoms with suicidal behavior in adolescents. Frequent pain was associated with a 50-70% increased risk of suicidal behavior 1 year later. The finding underscores the importance of pain assessment and treatment in comprehensive suicide prevention efforts in adolescents.

14.
Macromol Biosci ; 21(4): e2000375, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624916

RESUMO

In a continuous effort to develop effective vaccines against hepatitis E (HE), oral vaccine nanoparticles using the truncated capsid protein p146 (aa460-605) are formulated and characterized. To improve the immunogenicity of p146, chitosan nanoparticles (CSNPs) are used as a mucosal delivery system. Next, the physical-chemical properties, cytotoxic effects in vitro, and immunogenicity in mice of the produced NPs are analyzed. The results show that the produced CS/p146 NPs are stable and well dispersive and display a near-spherical shape with a mean size of 200-300 nm. The findings also demonstrate high encapsulation efficiency (65-73.9%) and loading capacity (27.7-67.5%) of the formulated nanoparticles. Further, the CS/p146 NPs exhibit low cytotoxicity and an obvious sustained-release effect in vitro. Immunogenicity experiments in mice indicate that CS/p146 NPs can induce antigen-specific systemic and mucosal immune responses higher than the purified p146 do. Besides, the expression levels and mRNA transcription of Interleukin (IL)-4 in spleen cells of CS/p146 NPs-immunized mice are higher than those of p146, indicating that a Th2-mediated cellular immune response is activated by the CS/p146 NPs. Overall, the synthesized CS/p146 NPs display promising properties as a potential HE oral vaccine candidate.

15.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 138, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported poor survival rates in inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) patients than non-inflammatory local advanced breast cancer (non-IBC) patients. However, until now, the survival rate of IBC and other T4 non-IBC (T4-non-IBC) patients remains unexplored. METHODS: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was searched to identify cases with confirmed non-metastatic IBC and T4-non-IBC who had received surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy between 2010 and 2015. IBC was defined as per the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 7th edition. Breast Cancer-Specific Survival (BCSS) was estimated by plotting the Kaplan-Meier curve and compared across groups by using the log-rank test. Cox model was constructed to determine the association between IBC and BCSS after adjusting for age, race, stage of disease, tumor grade and surgery type. RESULTS: Out of a total of 1986 patients, 37.1% had IBC and mean age was 56.6 ± 12.4. After a median follow-up time of 28 months, 3-year BCSS rate for IBC and T4-non-IBC patients was 81.4 and 81.9%, respectively (log-rank p = 0.398). The 3-year BCSS rate in HR-/HER2+ cohort was higher for IBC patients than T4-non-IBC patients (89.5% vs. 80.8%; log-rank p = 0.028), and in HR-/HER2- cohort it was significantly lower for IBC patients than T4-non-IBC patients (57.4% vs. 67.5%; log-rank p = 0.010). However, it was identical between IBC and T4-non-IBC patients in both HR+/HER2- (85.0% vs. 85.3%; log-rank p = 0.567) and HR+/HER2+ (93.6% vs. 91.0%, log-rank p = 0.510) cohorts. After adjusting for potential confounding variables, we observed that IBC is a significant independent predictor for survival of HR-/HER2+ cohort (hazards ratio [HR] = 0.442; 95% CI: 0.216-0.902; P = 0.025) and HR-/HER2- cohort (HR = 1.738; 95% CI: 1.192-2.534; P = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with IBC and T4-non-IBC had a similar BCSS in the era of modern systemic treatment. In IBC patients, the HR-/HER2+ subtype is associated with a better outcome, and HR-/HER2- subtype is associated with poorer outcomes as compared to the T4-non-IBC patients.

16.
Cell Mol Neurobiol ; 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33620674

RESUMO

Brain ischemia reperfusion injury (BIRI) is defined as a series of brain injury accompanied by inflammation and oxidative stress. Astrocyte-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) are importantly participated in BIRI with involvement of microRNAs (miRs). Our study aimed to discuss the functions of miR-29a from astrocyte-derived EVs in BIRI treatment. Thus, astrocyte-derived EVs were extracted. Oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) cell models and BIR rat models were established. Then, cell and rat activities and pyroptosis-related protein levels in these two kinds of models were detected. Functional assays were performed to verify inflammation and oxidative stress. miR-29a expression in OGD cells and BIR rats was measured, and target relation between miR-29a and tumor protein 53-induced nuclear protein 1 (TP53INP1) was certified. Rat neural function was tested. Astrocyte-derived EVs improved miR-29a expression in N9 microglia and rat brains. Astrocyte-derived EVs inhibited OGD-induced injury and inflammation in vitro, reduced brain infarction, and improved BIR rat neural functions in vivo. miR-29a in EVs protected OGD-treated cells and targeted TP53INP1, whose overexpression suppressed the protective function of EVs on OGD-treated cells. miR-29a alleviated OGD and BIRI via downregulating TP53INP1 and the NF-κB/NLRP3 pathway. Briefly, our study demonstrated that miR-29a in astrocyte-derived EVs inhibits BIRI by downregulating TP53INP1 and the NF-κB/NLRP3 axis.

17.
Cartilage ; : 1947603521996793, 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622056

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The effect of lumbar traction on low back pain (LBP) patients is controversial. Our study aims to assess changes in the intervertebral disc water content after lumbar traction using T2 mapping and explore the correlation between changes in the T2 value and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)/visual analogue scale (VAS) score. DESIGN: Lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging was performed, and the ODI/VAS scores were recorded in all 48 patients. Midsagittal T2-weighted imaging and T2 mapping were performed to determine the Pfirrmann grade and T2 value. Then, the T2 values were compared between pre- and posttraction, and the correlation between changes in the T2 value and ODI/VAS scores were examined. RESULTS: In the traction group, the changes in the nucleus pulposus (NP) T2 values for Pfirrmann grades II-IV and the annulus fibrosus (AF) T2 values for Pfirrmann grade II were statistically significant after traction (P < 0.05). Changes in the mean NP T2 value of 5 discs in each patient and in the ODI/VAS score showed a strong correlation (r = 0.822, r = 0.793). CONCLUSION: T2 mapping can be used to evaluate changes in the intervertebral disc water content. Ten sessions of traction resulted in a significant increase in quantitative T2 measurements of the NP in discs for Pfirrmann grade II-IV degeneration and remission of the patients' clinical symptoms in the following 6 months. Changes in the mean NP T2 value of 5 discs in each patient were strongly correlated with changes in the ODI/VAS score.

18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33537686

RESUMO

A novel LiBH4·1/2NH3-Al2O3 composite was demonstrated, in which amorphous LiBH4·1/2NH3 was in situ formed on the surface of Al2O3 owing to the strong interfacial interaction via B-O bonds. The ionic conductivity of LiBH4·1/2NH3 is improved by one order of magnitude to 10-3 S cm-1 and the electrochemical window up to 3.6 V.

19.
Sleep Med ; 79: 94-100, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485261

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Nightmare Distress Questionnaire (NDQ) is the most common scale used to measure nightmare distress for its satisfactory psychometric properties. This study assessed the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of NDQ (NDQ-CV) in a large sample of adolescents. METHODS: The NDQ-CV consists of 14 items (12 original NDQ items, 1 modified NDQ item and 1 new item) to assess waking distress associated with nightmares. Each item is rated on a 5-point scale from 1 = Never to 5 = Always. Subjects used for psychometric assessment of the NDQ-CV were 11,831 participants of the Shandong Adolescent Behavior and Health Cohort in China. Participants completed the NDQ-CV and a structured questionnaire to assess nightmare frequency, sleep, anxiety/depression, and academic performance. RESULTS: The NDQ-CV score ranged from 14 to 70 (M = 22.5, SD = 8.7). Internal consistency reliability coefficient was 0.90. Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses yielded 2 dominant factors defined as nightmare general distress (10 items) and daytime reality perception (4 items). The NDQ-CV score was significantly correlated with short nocturnal sleep duration, anxiety/depression, insomnia, daytime sleepiness, and poor academic performance. Furthermore, NDQ-CV significantly predicted depressive symptoms 1 year later. STUDY LIMITATIONS: All data were self-reported. CONCLUSIONS: The NDQ-CV appears to be a simple, reliable, and valid scale for assessing nightmare distresses in Chinese adolescents. Further studies are warranted to test the reliability and validity of the NDQ-CV with adult samples.

20.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1350, 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33446717

RESUMO

Neutrophils and lymphocytes are key regulators of breast cancer (BC) development and progression. Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) values have been found to offer clear prognostic utility when evaluating BC patients. In this study, we sought to determine whether BC patient baseline NLR values are correlated with pathological complete response (pCR) following neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) treatment. In total, 346 BC patients underwent NCT at our hospital from January 1, 2014 to October 31, 2019, and data pertaining to these patients were retrospectively analyzed. Correlations between clinicopathological characteristics and pCR rates were assessed via multivariate logistic regression analyses. A predictive scoring model was used to gauge the likelihood of pCR based upon regression coefficient (ß) values for each significant variable identified through these analyses. NLR cut-off values suitable for identifying patients likely to achieve pCR following NCT treatment were calculated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. All patients in the present study were females with a median age of 48 years old (range 22-77). An optimal NLR cut-off value of 1.695 was identified and was associated with respective sensitivity and specificity values of 63.6% and 45.5%. We found that higher NLR values were significantly associated with younger age, premenopausal status, and non-pCR status. Logistic regression analyses indicated that NLR, tumor size, hormone receptor (HR) status, and Ki-67 expression were all independent predictors of pCR. The area under the curve (AUC) for the resultant predictive scoring model was 0.705, and this model was assessed via K-fold cross-validation (k = 10) and bootstrapping validation, yielding respective AUC values of 0.68 and 0.694. Moreover, the incorporation of NLR into this predictive model incrementally improved its overall prognostic value relative to that of a model not incorporating NLR (AUC = 0.674). BC patients with a lower baseline NLR are more likely to exhibit pCR following NCT treatment, indicating that NLR may be a valuable biomarker for BC patient prognostic evaluation and treatment planning. Overall, our results demonstrate that this NLR-based predictive model can efficiently predict NCT efficacy in early BC patients with a high degree of accuracy.

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