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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 255: 112771, 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201300

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: As an important medicinal material constituting a variety of traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions, Nepeta angustifolia C. Y. Wu was used as a folk medicine to treat various vascular-related diseases including apoplexia, and cerebral haemorrhage in Tibet, China. Our previous studies have shown that this plant had a significant protective effect on vascular dysfunction of the intracerebral haemorrhage and diabetic rats. In present study, we aimed to investigate the protective effects and underlying mechanisms of Nepeta angustifolia on diabetic nephropathy (DN), a microvascular complication. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study is aim to evaluate the protective effect of ethanol extracts of N. angustifolia (NA) on DN, and explore mechanism of action to provide basis for its pharmacological action against DN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: High-fat diet and low-dose streptozotocin administration (HFD/STZ) induced diabetic rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (n = 8): the diabetic model group, metformin group, and three dose groups of NA (60 mg/kg, 120 mg/kg, 240 mg/kg). After administration of NA for 8 weeks, the blood, urine and renal tissue were collected for subsequent experiments. Biochemical markers (urine protein, Cr, BUN), oxidative stress makers (SOD, GSH-px and MDA) and pro-inflammatory mediators (TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6 and MCP-1) were evaluated by commercial kit and ELISA, respectively. The effect of NA on DN was further confirmed by evaluation of renal histopathology by using the H&E, PAS and Masson staining. The H2O2-induced HBZY-1 cells (rat glomerular mesangial cells) were also been used to evaluate the renal protective effect of NA (50 µg/mL, 100 µg/mL, 200 µg/mL). The oxidative stress makers were detected by commercial kit. The levels of apoptosis and related proteins (caspase 3, 9) were detected by TUNEL assay and western blot analysis, respectively. The depolarization of mitochondrial membrane potential was detected by JC-1 staining assay. RESULTS: The administration of NA is helpful to maintain near normal body weight, blood glucose, urine volume, urine protein, kidney index and serum levels of Cr and BUN. NA treatment significantly improve renal dysfunction by the down-regulation of renal oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory mediators in HFD/STZ induced diabetic rats. In vitro experiments, NA has a significant cellular protective effect in H2O2-induced HBZY-1 cells, as well as the regulation in increases of SOD level and the decreases of ROS and MDA levels. Furthermore, NA treatment can significantly inhibit H2O2 induced mesangial cells apoptosis by the increasing mitochondrial potential and suppressing caspases-madiated signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: NA has obvious improvement on renal dysfunction in HFD/STZ induced diabetic rats. NA can protect mesangial cells by inhibiting oxidative stress induced apoptosis, which may be related to its regulation of mitochondrial-caspase apoptosis pathway.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196713

RESUMO

Pediatric asthma is a common inflammatory disease in children. Atractylenolide III is an active component of the Atractylodes rhizome, an herbal medicine that has been used as an asthma treatment. This study aimed to explore the effects and underlying mechanisms of atractylenolide III in IL-4-induced 16HBE cells and ovalbumin induced asthmatic mice. The results showed that IL-4 stimulation significantly decreased, and atractylenolide III treatment increased, growth and apoptosis of 16HBE cells. In 16HBE cells, administration of atractylenolide III also significantly suppressed the IL-4-induced increases in the expression of cleaved caspase-1; apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC); and nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat protein 3 (NLRP3). Moreover, the numbers of total leukocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, and macrophages significantly increased in ovalbumin-induced mice, and then decreased after atractylenolide III treatment. In ovalbumin-induced asthmatic mice, atractylenolide III treatment also significantly inhibited NLRP3 inflammasome activation and restored the Th1/Th2 balance. These results indicate that atractylenolide III reduced NLRP3 inflammasome activation and regulated the Th1/Th2 balance in IL-4 induced 16HBE cells and ovalbumin-induced asthmatic mice, suggesting it has a protective effect that may be useful in the treatment of pediatric asthma.

3.
Trials ; 21(1): 279, 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32188478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myopia is increasing in prevalence and is currently recognized as a significant public health issue worldwide, particularly in China. Once myopia develops, appropriate clinical interventions need to be prescribed to slow its progression. Currently, several publications indicate that myopic defocus (MD) retards eye growth and myopia progression. However, no clinical trials have compared the outcomes of different MD spectacle lenses in the same observational group, especially in mainland China. The aim of the present study is to compare the myopia control efficiency of two different MD spectacle lenses: defocus incorporated multiple segments (DIMS) lenses and Apollo progressive addition lenses (PALs). METHODS: The trial is designed as a 3-year, prospective, randomized, multicenter clinical trial of schoolchildren treated with DIMS lenses and PALs. A total of 600 Chinese primary school children aged 6-12 years will be recruited, and each group is intended to include 300 subjects. The inclusion criteria are myopia between - 1.00 and - 5.00 diopters and astigmatism ≤ 1.50 diopters. The follow-up time points will be 1 month (m), 3 m, 6 m, 12 m, 18 m, 24 m, 30 m, and 36 m. The primary outcome will be determined by the difference between the two groups in cycloplegic spherical equivalent refraction between baseline and the last follow-up visit. The secondary outcome is the axial length, and the exploratory outcomes include ocular biometric measures, peripheral refraction, binocular vision, accommodation, compliance, and the results of questionnaires related to wearing experiences. DISCUSSION: The present study will be the first randomized controlled trial in myopic primary school children treated with DIMS lenses and PALs in China. The results will indicate whether and how much different MD mechanisms retard myopia progression and axial elongation. In addition, the comparison will provide information on the clinical efficacy and safety of DIMS lenses and PALs, including information related to wearing experiences and visual function. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR), ChiCTR1900025645. Registered on 3 September 2019. http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=42927.

4.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(5): 1040-1048, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939980

RESUMO

By means of a simple and photo-induced method, four colors of molybdenum oxide quantum dots (MoOx QDs) have been synthesized, using Mo(CO)6 as the structural guiding agent and molybdenum source. The as-prepared MoOx QDs display diverse optical properties due to the different configurations of oxygen vacancies in various nanostructures. Among them, crystalline molybdenum dioxide (MoO2) with a deep blue color shows the most intense localized surface plasmon resonance effect in the near-infrared (NIR) region. The strong NIR absorption endows MoO2 QDs with a high photothermal conversion efficiency of 66.3%, enabling broad prospects as a photo-responsive nanoagent for photothermal therapy of cancer. Moreover, MoO2 QDs can also serve as a novel semiconductor substrate for ultrasensitive surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) analysis of aromatic molecules, amino acids and antibiotics, with SERS performance comparable to that of noble metal-based substrates. The therapeutic applications of MoO2 QDs open up a new avenue for tumor nanomedicine.

5.
Nanoscale ; 12(3): 2133-2141, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913376

RESUMO

Carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), one of the most important components of a tumor microenvironment (TME), play a significant role in the complex tumorigenesis process. Herein, the evolution of CAFs in TME is elaborately investigated by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), a molecular fingerprint technique. Two-dimensional (2D) nanocomposites consisting of gold nanoparticles and a supramolecular "PCsheet" self-assembled between 2D nanosheets and oxidized phosphatidylcholine (PC) are fabricated as SERS-active probes to specifically recognize the CD36 receptor on the cytomembrane of the fibroblasts, a reliable landmark of CAF development. The 2D SERS substrates can also illuminate the fingerprint information around the CD36 protein with high detection sensitivity, which helps elucidate the biochemical component transition in the protein mini-domain during carcinoma progression. Visualized data are then supplied by label-free SERS imaging to exploit the distribution of biomolecules on the plasma membrane. In addition, the repressed expression of CD36 in TME is detected in lung metastasis tumor-bearing mice. This study based on the 2D SERS technique opens up an alternative avenue for unveiling carcinoma-associated molecular events.

6.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 147: 111777, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634804

RESUMO

Heavy metal contamination in environment and food has attracted intensive attention from the public since it poses serious threats to ecological system and human health. Traditional detection methods for heavy metals such as atomic absorption spectrometry have a fairly low detection limit, but the methods have many limitations and disadvantages. Therefore, it is of significance to develop a rapid technology for real-time and online detection of heavy metals. The electrochemical aptasensor-based technology is promising in the detection of heavy metals with advantages of high sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. Although its development is rapid, more researches should be carried out before this technology can be used for on-site detection. In this review, the origin, basic principles and development of electrochemical aptasensors are introduced. The applications of nanomaterials and electrochemical aptasensors for the detection of heavy metals (mainly mercury, lead, cadmium, and arsenic) are summarized. The research and application tendency of electrochemical aptasensors for detection of heavy metals are prospected.

7.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 19(1): 188, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the prognostic factors and establish a nomogram to predict the long-term survival of gastric cancer patients. METHODS: The clinicopathological data of 421 gastric cancer patients, who were treated with radical D2 lymphadenectomy by the same surgical team between January 2009 and March 2017, were collected. The analysis of long-term survival was performed using Cox regression analysis. Based on the multivariate analysis results, a prognostic nomogram was formulated to predict the 5-year survival rate probability. RESULTS: In the present study, the total overall 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 58.7 and 45.8%, respectively. The results of the univariate Cox regression analysis revealed that tumor staging, tumor location, Borrmann type, the number of lymph nodes dissected, the number of lymph node metastases, positive lymph nodes ratio, lymphocyte count, serum albumin, CEA, CA153, CA199, BMI, tumor size, nerve invasion, and vascular invasion were prognostic factors for gastric cancer (all, P < 0.05). However, merely tumor staging, tumor location, positive lymph node ratio, CA199, BMI, tumor size, nerve invasion, and vascular invasion were independent risk factors, based on the results of the multivariate Cox regression analysis (all, P < 0.05). The nomogram based on eight independent prognostic factors revealed a well-degree of differentiation with a concordance index of 0.76 (95% CI: 0.72-0.79, P < 0.001), which was better than the AJCC-7 staging system (concordance index = 0.68). CONCLUSION: The present study established a nomogram based on eight independent prognostic factors to predict long-term survival in gastric cancer patients. The nomogram would be beneficial for more accurately predicting the prognosis of gastric cancer, and provide important basis for making individualized treatment plans following surgery.

8.
J Immunol ; 203(11): 3078-3085, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645416

RESUMO

The wingless and integration site growth factor-5a (Wnt5a) is a ligand of the receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor-1 (ROR1). Because both Wnt5a and ROR1 are expressed in circulating chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells, and because in other cell types, STAT3, which is constitutively activated in CLL, induces Wnt5a signaling, we wondered whether STAT3 induces the expression of Wnt5a in CLL cells. Sequence analysis detected four putative STAT3 binding sites in close proximity to the Wnt5a gene promoter's start codon. Chromatin immunoprecipitation and EMSA revealed that STAT3 binds to the Wnt5a gene promoter, and a luciferase assay showed that STAT3 activates the Wnt5a gene. Additionally, transfection of peripheral blood CLL cells with STAT3 short hairpin RNA downregulated Wnt5a mRNA and protein levels, suggesting that STAT3 binds to the Wnt5a gene promoter and induces the expression of Wnt5a in CLL cells. Flow cytometry and confocal microscopy determined that both Wnt5a and its receptor ROR1 are coexpressed on the surface of CLL cells, and Western immunoblotting showed an inverse correlation between Wnt5a and ROR1 protein levels, implying that, regardless of CLL cells' ROR1 levels, blocking the interaction between Wnt5a and ROR1 might be beneficial to patients with CLL. Indeed, transfection of CLL cells with Wnt5a small interfering RNA reduced Wnt5a mRNA and protein levels and significantly increased the spontaneous apoptotic rate of CLL cells. Taken together, our data unravel an autonomous STAT3-driven prosurvival circuit that provides circulating CLL cells with a microenvironment-independent survival advantage.

9.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 5897505, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467900

RESUMO

Q192R and L55M polymorphism were considered to be associated with the development of multiple cancers. Nevertheless, the results of these researches were inconclusive and controversial. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis of all eligible case-control studies to assess the association between PON1 (Q192R and L55M) gene polymorphisms and risk of cancer. With the STATA 14.0 software, we evaluated the strength of the association by using the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). A total of 43 case-control publications 19887 cases and 23842 controls were employed in our study. In all genetic models, a significant association between PON1-L55M polymorphisms and overall cancer risk was observed. Moreover, in the stratified analyses by cancer type, polymorphism of PON1-L55M played a risk factor in the occurrence of breast cancer, hematologic cancer, and prostate cancer. Similarly, an increased risk was observed in the Caucasian and Asian population as well as hospital-based group and population-based group. For PON1-Q192R polymorphisms, in the stratified analyses by cancer type, PON1-Q192R allele was associated with reduced cancer risks in breast cancer. Furthermore, for racial stratification, there was a reduced risk of cancer in recession model in Caucasian population. Similarly, in the stratification analysis of control source, the overall risk of cancer was reduced in the heterozygote comparison and dominant model in the population-based group. In conclusion, PON1-Q192R allele decreased the cancer risk especially breast cancer; there was an association between PON1-L55M allele and increased overall cancer risk. However, we need a larger sample size, well-designed in future and at protein levels to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Arildialquilfosfatase/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias/genética , Alelos , Genótipo , Humanos , Mutação , Neoplasias/patologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Fatores de Risco
10.
Water Res ; 165: 114981, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446296

RESUMO

The frequent occurrence of thallium (Tl) in surface water has led to the imposition of strict environmental regulations. The need for an overview of effective and feasible technology to remove Tl from water/wastewater has therefore become urgently. This review introduced the current available methods for Tl removal, including adsorption, oxidation-reduction precipitation, solvent extraction and ion exchange processes, and summarized their advantages and disadvantages. The results showed that a single treatment technology was difficult to remove Tl to a trace level of "µg L-1", which required combined multi-technology to enhance the removal efficiency. In addition, the potential emergency and feasible technologies for Tl removal were recommended. However, several fundamental issues, such as the comparative toxicity of Tl(I) and Tl(III), the confliction of hydrolysis constants, the interference of complexant ligands as well as the influence of redox potential, were still needed to be addressed, since they would profoundly affect the selection of adopted treatment methods and the behavior of Tl removal. Future research efforts concerning the improvement of existing Tl removal technologies should be devoted to (a) developing multi-functional chemicals and adsorbents, non-toxic extractants, easy-recovery ion exchange resin and high-efficient coupling technology for advanced treatment, (b) carrying out large-scale experiments and economic assessment for real wastewater, and (c) providing safe-disposal treatment for the exhausted adsorption materials or sludge.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Tálio , Águas Residuárias , Água
11.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1471, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297120

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by persistently elevated glucose levels. There is no effective treatment strategy for this condition, and it poses a massive economic burden globally. Schistosoma soluble egg antigen (SEA)-induced immunomodulatory mechanisms have been reported in the treatment of autoimmune disease. This study aimed to determine the ability of Schistosoma japonicum SEA to protect against type 2 diabetes in Lepr db/db mice and understand the associated mechanisms. The mice were divided into four groups: C57BL/6 (the normal group), SEA (C57BL/6 mice treated with SEA), Lepr db/db , and SEA and Lepr db/db co-treatment groups. The mice in the SEA and co-treatment groups were injected with 50 µg of SEA (twice a week for 6 weeks), and the same volume of PBS was used as control. Blood glucose, insulin, and HOMA-IR levels were measured in all mice, which were sacrificed 6 weeks after the last SEA administration. Flow cytometry was used to detect the percentages of regulatory T cells in splenocytes. ELISA was used to detect the levels of IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4, and IL-5 in cell culture supernatants. Compared with the mice in the Lepr db/db group, the mice in the SEA + Lepr db/db group exhibited significantly reduced insulin resistance, as evidenced by the enhancement of wound healing. The frequency of spleen regulatory T cells increased significantly after SEA administration; meanwhile, the secretion of IL-4 and IL-5 in spleen cells was elevated. These results indicate that SEA can reduce insulin resistance and provide new targets for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. The potential mechanisms might be associated with increases in regulatory T cells and Th2 cytokines in Lepr db/db mice, which warrants further investigation.

12.
J Food Biochem ; 43(5): e12820, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31353517

RESUMO

In the present investigation, fibrinolytic Ginkgo seeds were produced by solid-state fermentation (SSF) with Bacillus natto strains, and some parameters of the fermentation processes were investigated. Under optimal fermentation conditions, the fibrinolytic activity of Ginkgo seeds reached 3,682 ± 43 IU/g with the fermentation parameters of relative humidity 80%, initial water content 73%, fermentation temperature 38°C, inoculation volume 18%, and fermentation time 38 hr, respectively. The fermented Ginkgo seeds possessed a superior potential for the production of Nattokinase. What's more, the fermented Ginkgo seeds possessed higher total flavonoid and lower ginkgolic acids contents, which could enhance bioactivity and guarantee food safety. Sensory evaluations indicated that Ginkgo seeds produced by SSF could also be consumed as a kind of popular food. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Fermented food is popular in countries. It can not only improve the sensory properties of the products, reduce undesirable constituents, and make nutrients easily absorbable, but also improve the nutritional properties. Ginkgo biloba L is one of the oldest species that has existed on earth for more than 200 million years. However, the application of Ginkgo seeds has been limited because of the ginkgolic acids. In a previous study, immobilized Bacillus natto acted upon Ginkgo seeds to enhance the bioactivity and safety of fermented Ginkgo seeds. However, separating the fermented Ginkgo seeds from the liquid needs a large amount of energy. The solid-state fermentation of Ginkgo seeds is a good choice to produce functional Ginkgo seed products.

13.
J Obstet Gynaecol Res ; 45(10): 2043-2054, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357249

RESUMO

AIM: Abnormal lipid metabolism plays a dual role in tumorigenesis, specifically in the occurrence and development of cancers. Monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL), a hydrolase that is important for lipid metabolism, plays a vital role in different aspects of tumorigenesis. Many studies have shown that MAGL is highly elevated in a variety of cancers and plays an active role. However, its potential role in supporting endometrial cancer (EC) growth and progression has not yet been explored in depth. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry and quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction were performed to estimate the protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of MAGL in tumor tissues. Then, JZL184 and small interfering RNA (siRNA) were used to decrease the expression of MAGL in EC cells. The gene and protein expression levels of MAGL were measured using quantitative real-time PCR and western blotting, respectively. Additionally, the effect of MAGL on tumor growth in EC was detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide , cell cycle and western blotting assay in vitro. RESULTS: We found that MAGL was overexpressed in EC and was significantly correlated with surgical-pathological stage, myometrial invasion, number of pregnancies and body mass index. The growth and cell cycle progression of tumor cells were significantly impaired in vitro by the pharmacological and siRNA-mediated MAGL inhibition. In addition, MAGL inhibition seemed to repress two target genes, Cyclin D1 and Bcl-2. CONCLUSION: In summary, we have demonstrated that MAGL is involved in EC growth and progression. Our results suggest that targeting MAGL may be a novel and valid treatment for EC.

14.
Cancer Med ; 8(9): 4380-4388, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215145

RESUMO

Progestin resistance limits the effectiveness of progestin therapy in endometrial carcinoma for patients who desire to preserve fertility. To investigate the molecular mechanism of progestin resistance in endometrial carcinoma, we performed microarray analysis among Ishikawa and progestin resistant cell IshikawaPR cells. We found that epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) was involved in progestin resistance and dachshund family transcription factor 1 (DACH1) is positively correlated with progesterone receptor (PGR). Knockdown of DACH1 in Ishikawa cell promoted proliferation, metastasis ability, and resistance to progestin. Conversely, overexpression of DACH1 in IshikawaPR cell rendered more sensitive to progestin treatment. Xenograft model assay also had similar results. In addition, our data showed that DACH1 overexpression inhibited EMT and decreased c-Jun, Notch1 and Hes1expression. Our study demonstrated for the first time that EMT is involved in progestin resistance of EC. The response to progestin could be reserved by DACH1 suppressed EMT through Notch1 pathway via c-Jun.

15.
PLoS One ; 14(6): e0218396, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31211807

RESUMO

Microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation (MICP) is a potential method for improvement of soil. A laboratory study was conducted to investigate the influence of temperatures for soil improvement by MICP. The ureolytic activity experiments, MICP experiments in aqueous solution and sand column using Sporosarcina pasteurii were conducted at different temperatures(10, 15, 20, 25 and 30°C). The results showed there were microbially induced CaCO3 precipitation at all the temperatures from 10 to 30°C. The results of ureolytic activity experiments showed that the bacterial had higher ureolytic activity at high temperatures within the early 20 hours, however, the ureolytic activity at higher temperatures decreased more quickly than at lower temperatures. The results of MICP experiments in aqueous solution and sand column were consistent with tests of ureolytic activity. Within 20 to 50 hours of the start of the test, more CaCO3 precipitation was precipitated at higher temperature, subsequently, the precipitation rate of all experiments decreased, and the higher the temperature, the faster the precipitation rate dropped. The final precipitation amount of CaCO3 in aqueous solution and sand column tests at 10 °C was 92% and 37% higher than that at 30 °C. The maximum unconfined compressive strength of MICP treated sand column at 10 °C was 135% higher than that at 30 °C. The final treatment effect of MICP at lower temperature was better than that at high temperature within the temperature range studied. The reason for better treatment effect at lower temperatures was due to the longer retention time of ureolytic activity of bacteria at lower temperatures.


Assuntos
Carbonato de Cálcio/química , Microbiologia do Solo , Sporosarcina/metabolismo , Carbonato de Cálcio/metabolismo , Precipitação Química/efeitos dos fármacos , Sporosarcina/química , Temperatura Ambiente , Ureia/química , Ureia/metabolismo , Água/química
16.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 11(6): 499-508, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236200

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radical D2 lymphadenectomy for advanced gastric cancer as a standard procedure has gained global consensus. Mounting studies have shown that the number of lymph nodes dissection directly affects the prognosis and recurrence of gastric cancer. Our previous study showed that there was no obvious lymph node around the abnormal hepatic artery derived from the superior mesenteric artery. AIM: To investigate the relationship between celiac artery variation and the number of lymph nodes dissection in gastric cancer surgery. METHODS: The clinicopathological data of 421 patients treated with radical D2 lymphadenectomy were analyzed retrospectively. The difference of the number of lymph nodes dissection between the celiac artery variation group and the normal vessels group and the relationship with prognosis were analyzed. RESULTS: Celiac artery variation was found in 110 patients, with a variation rate of 26.13%. Celiac artery variation, tumor staging, and Borrmann typing were factors that affected lymph node clearance in gastric cancer, and the number of lymph nodes dissection in patients with celiac artery variation was significantly less than that of non-variant groups (P < 0.05). Univariate analysis showed that there was no significant difference in survival time between the two groups (P > 0.05). Univariate and multiple Cox regression analysis showed that celiac artery variation was not a prognostic factor for gastric cancer (P > 0.05). Tumor staging, intraoperative bleeding, and positive lymph node ratio were prognostic factors for gastric cancer patients (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The number of lymph nodes dissection in patients with celiac artery variation was reduced, but there was no obvious effect on prognosis. Therefore, lymph nodes around the abnormal hepatic artery may not need to be dissected in radical D2 lymphadenectomy.

17.
Stroke ; 50(7): 1648-1654, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31195942

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- The aim of this study is to assess the long-term trends in stroke mortality attributable to high sodium intake in China and Japan during the period 1990 to 2016. Methods- The mortality data were obtained from the GBD study (Global Burden of Disease) 2016 and were analyzed using an age-period-cohort method. Results- The age-standardized mortality rates showed declining trends for high sodium intake-related stroke mortality. The overall net drifts per year were -3.1% for Chinese men and -5.0% for Chinese women; and -4.6% for Japanese men and -5.7% for Japanese women. The local drift values were below zero in all age groups for both sexes in both countries, and all local drift values of female participants were below their counterparts of male participants. The longitudinal age curves of high sodium intake-attributable stroke mortality increased rapidly for both sexes in China, whereas those of Japanese were slowly rising. The period and cohort rate ratios were found to have similar downward patterns for both sexes in both countries, with a quicker decline for women than for men (significantly with P<0.05 for all). Conclusions- The age-standardized mortality rates, the period effect and the cohort effect of stroke mortality attributable to high sodium intake in China and Japan have been declining in both sexes and all age groups from 1990 to 2016. Consequently, sodium-reduction strategies are of low cost and effective for the prevention of stroke. It is necessary to educate the nation with the correct knowledge on healthy diet and techniques to reduce salt consumption.


Assuntos
Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta/efeitos adversos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Dieta , Feminino , Carga Global da Doença , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
18.
Food Chem ; 296: 78-85, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202309

RESUMO

Natural deep eutectic solvents (NADES) have been growing interest as an alternative to the traditional organic solvents. They not only have the merit of high efficiency but also have the possibility to readily applicable to pharmaceutical and food applications. In the present study, NADES with high-speed homogenization and cavitation-burst extraction (HSH-CBE) was performed on fresh mulberry for anthocyanins extraction. The extraction conditions were statistically investigated by Plackett-Burman design (PBD) and Box-Behnken design (BBD). The optimal conditions were obtained as follows: chloride-citric acid-glucose formed a NADES with the mole ratio of 1:1:1, 30% water content, liquid-solid ratio 22 mL/g, homogenization time 60 s, homogenization speed 12,000 rpm, extraction time 30 min, negative pressure -0.08 MPa and extraction two times. The total maximum extraction of anthocyanins reached 6.05 mg/g fresh weight, which was 1.24 folds to those by the traditional organic solvents extraction. Moreover, NADES exhibited higher stability of anthocyanins extraction than traditional organic solvents, which was benefit for the analysis and preservation of anthocyanins. Consequently, this result revealed that the developed method could be taken as a sustainable, green and effective approach for anthocyanins extraction.


Assuntos
Antocianinas/análise , Morus/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Solventes/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Morus/metabolismo , Análise de Regressão , Água/química
19.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1072: 75-80, 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31146867

RESUMO

A highly specific and sensitive isothermal method for mercury detection using DNA-conjugated upconversion nanoparticles is reported. A single-stranded DNA containing thymine bases, used as the Hg2+-capturing element through the formation of thymine-Hg2+-thymine complex, is covalently attached to the NaYF4: Yb3+, Tm3+ nanoparticles. Luminescence resonance energy transfer takes place between the NaYF4: Yb3+, Tm3+ nanoparticles as donor and DNA-intercalating SYBR Green I as the acceptor upon excitation of 980 nm. The sensitivity and selectivity toward Hg2+ are enhanced using the nicking enzyme, Nt. Alwl, which leads to signal amplification. By monitoring the ratio of acceptor emission to a reference peak, the presence of Hg2+ ions are quantitatively determined with a lower detection limit of 0.14 nM, which is much lower than the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) limit of Hg2+ in drinking water.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Mercúrio/análise , Nanopartículas/química , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Água Potável/química , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência
20.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1789, 2019 04 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30996272

RESUMO

Carbon dots (CDs) have been studied for years as one of the most promising fluorescent nanomaterials. However, CDs with red or solid-state fluorescence are rarely reported. Herein, through a one-pot solvothermal treatment, hydrophobic CDs (H-CDs) with blue dispersed emission and red aggregation-induced emission are obtained. When water is introduced, the hydrophobic interaction leads to aggregation of the H-CDs. The formation of H-CD clusters induces the turning off of the blue emission, as the carbonized cores suffer from π-π stacking interactions, and the turning on of the red fluorescence, due to restriction of the surfaces' intramolecular rotation around disulfide bonds, which conforms to the aggregation-induced-emission phenomenon. This on-off fluorescence of the H-CDs is reversible when the H-CD powder is completely dissolved. Moreover, the H-CD solution dispersed in filter paper is nearly colorless. Finally, we develop a reversible two switch-mode luminescence ink for advanced anti-counterfeiting and dual-encryption.

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