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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052230

RESUMO

L-Methionine is an essential amino acid in humans, which plays an important role in the synthesis of some important amino acids and proteins. In this work, metabolic flux of batch fermentation of L-methionine with recombinant Escherichia coli W3110BL was analyzed using the flux balance analysis method, which estimated the intracellular flux distributions under different dissolved oxygen conditions. The results revealed the producing L-methionine flux of 4.8 mmol/(g cell·h) [based on the glycerol uptake flux of 100 mmol/(g cell·h)] was obtained at 30% dissolved oxygen level which was higher than that of other dissolved oxygen levels. The carbon fluxes for synthesizing L-methionine were mainly obtained from the pathway of phosphoenolpyruvate to oxaloacetic acid [15.6 mmol/(g cell·h)] but not from the TCA cycle. Hence, increasing the flow from phosphoenolpyruvate to oxaloacetic acid by enhancing the enzyme activity of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase might be conducive to the production of L-methionine. Additionally, pentose phosphate pathway could provide a large amount of reducing power NADPH for the synthesis of amino acids and the flux could increase from 41 mmol/(g cell·h) to 51 mmol/(g cell·h) when changing the dissolved oxygen levels, thus meeting the requirement of NADPH for L-methionine production and biomass synthesis. Therefore, the following modification of the strains should based on the improvement of the key pathway and the NAD(P)/NAD(P)H metabolism.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064550

RESUMO

ω-Transaminase (ω-TA) is an attractive alternative to metal catalysts for the stereoselective amination of prochiral ketones. The narrow substrate scope of an R-ω-transaminase from Mycobacterium vanbaalenii (MvTA) limits its application in R-amine synthesis. A fluorescence-based TA activity screening system was developed to extend its substrate scope. The reactions were conducted in microtiter plates (MTPs) and displayed low background interference, high sensitivity (µM magnitude), and a wide dynamic range (ɀ-factor > 0.9). A KnowVolution campaign was performed on this enzyme, and screening ~ 8000 clones with this fluorescence-based screening system resulted in two beneficial substitutions (G68Y and F129A) and three improved variants (M3, M4, and M5). The best variant, MvTA M5 (WT+G68Y+F129A), achieved the highest catalytic efficiency (toward fluorogenic substrate NMA) which was 3.2-fold higher than that of the WT enzyme. MvTA M5 exhibited significantly enhanced activity toward six different prochiral ketones with e.e. > 99% (R). The specific activity of MvTA M5 was more than 100 times higher than that of the WT enzyme toward acetonaphthone (M5: 8.1 U/mg, WT: ~ 0.07 U/mg), and it showed the highest activity on acetonaphthone, p-ethylacetophenone, and phenylacetone.

3.
Food Funct ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016208

RESUMO

Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are reduced in various protein restricted models, while the detailed role of BCAAs in protein restricted response is still obscure. Thus, the current study mainly investigated the amino acid metabolism in protein restricted piglets and the effects of BCAA balance in a low-protein diet on growth performance, amino acid metabolism, intestinal structure, and gut microbiota with focus on which BCAAs contributed to the protein restricted response. The results showed that protein restriction increased serum Ser, Thr, Ala, Lys, and Trp but reduced His, Cys, Val, and Ile levels. Intestinal amino acid transporters mainly mediated the mechanism of amino acid uptake. The BCAA balance refreshed the serum BCAA pool, which further improved growth performance in protein restricted piglets. Leu, Val, and Ile balances increased serum BCAA concentrations, respectively, and Leu and Val but not Ile enhanced the feed intake and weight gain in protein restricted piglets. In addition, protein restriction impaired the villus structure and increased the number of goblet cells in the ileum. Also, gut microbiota (Spirochaetales, Gammaproteobacteria, Lactobacillales at the order level) were altered in protein restricted pigs, while the BCAA balance markedly improved Gammaproteobacteria, Lactobacillales, and Aeromonadales proliferation, which might mediate growth promotion and amino acid metabolism. In conclusion, protein restriction markedly affected the host amino acid metabolism (i.e., Ser, Thr, Lys, His, BCAAs). The BCAA balance (especially for supplementation with Leu and Val) improved the amino acid metabolism, growth performance, and gut microbiota communities.

4.
Microb Cell Fact ; 19(1): 18, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Amphotericin B (AmB) is widely used against fungal infection and produced mainly by Streptomyces nodosus. Various intracellular metabolites of S. nodosus were identified during AmB fermentation, and the key compounds that related to the cell growth and biosynthesis of AmB were analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares (PLS). RESULTS: Rational design that based on the results of metabolomics was employed to improve the AmB productivity of Streptomyces nodosus, including the overexpression of genes involved in oxygen-taking, precursor-acquiring and product-exporting. The AmB yield of modified strain S. nodosus VMR4A was 6.58 g/L, which was increased significantly in comparison with that of strain S. nodosus ZJB2016050 (5.16 g/L). This was the highest yield of AmB reported so far, and meanwhile, the amount of by-product amphotericin A (AmA) was decreased by 45%. Moreover, the fermentation time of strain S. nodosus VMR4A was shortened by 24 h compared with that of strain. The results indicated that strain S. nodosus VMR4A was an excellent candidate for the industrial production of AmB because of its high production yield, low by-product content and the fast cell growth. CONCLUSIONS: This study would lay the foundation for improving the AmB productivity through metabolomics analysis and overexpression of key enzymes.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020278

RESUMO

1-Cyanocyclohexaneacetic acid (1-CHAA) is a critical intermediate for the synthesis of the antiepileptic agent gabapentin. Previously, our group has established a novel manufacturing route for 1-CHAA through bioconversion catalyzed by an Escherichia coli (E. coli) nitrilase whole cell catalyst. However, the nitrilase expressed in E. coli has several drawbacks such as a low level of reusability, which hampered its industrial application. Herein, we investigated the potential of using the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris (P. pastoris) for producing the nitrilase whole cell catalyst. To achieve strains with high catalytic activities, we investigated the effects of the promoter choice, expressing cassette copy number, and co-expression of chaperone on the production of nitrilase. Our results demonstrated that the strain harboring the multicopy integrations of nitrilase gene under the control of the alcohol oxidase 1 (AOX1) promoter and co-expressing of ER oxidoreductin 1 (ERO1) exhibited an 18-fold enhancement in the nitrilase activity compared with the strain containing a single integration of nitrilase gene under the control of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate (GAP) dehydrogenase promoter. This optimized P. pastoris strain, compared with the E. coli nitrilase whole cell catalyst, shows greatly improved levels of reusability and thermostability while has a similar high-substrate tolerance.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003925

RESUMO

Considerable efforts have been made to increase the topological complexity of mechanically interlocked molecules over the years. Three-dimensional catenated structures composed of two or several cages are one representative example, most of them being made up of symmetric cages. However, due to the lack of an efficient yet universal synthetic strategy, interlocked structures made up of dissymmetric cages are relatively rare. Considering the space volume of the inner cavity of interlocked structure is smaller than that of its outside, we developed a novel synthetic approach with voluminous reductant NaBH(OAc) 3 that discriminates this space difference, and therefore selectively reduce the outer surface of the catenated dimer composed of two symmetric cages, thus yielding the corresponding catenane of dissymmetric-cages. Insight into the catenation mechanism, i.e. the template effect that facilitates catenation of cages, was proved by computational and experimental techniques. We believe, our approach provides an efficient method for the synthesis of catenane of dissymmetric cages, which could potentially be utilized as synthons to engineer novel functional materials.

7.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032080

RESUMO

Enhanced recovery after cesarean (ERAC) delivery is an evidence-based, multi-disciplinary approach throughout pre-, intra-, post-operative period. The ultimate goal of ERAC is to enhance recovery and improve the maternal and neonatal outcomes. This review highlights the role of anesthesiologist in ERAC protocols. This review provided a general introduction of ERAC including the purposes and the essential elements of ERAC protocols. The tool used for evaluating the quality of ERAC (ObsQoR-11) was discussed. The role of anesthesiologist in ERAC should cover the areas including management of peri-operative hypotension, prevention and treatment of intra- and post-operative nausea and vomiting, prevention of hypothermia and multi-modal peri-operative pain management, and active pre-operative management of unplanned conversion of labor analgesia to cesarean delivery anesthesia. Although some concerns still remain, ERAC implementation should not be delayed. Regular assessment and process improvement should be imbedded into the protocol. Further high-quality studies are warranted to demonstrate the effectiveness and efficacy of the ERAC protocol.

8.
J Sep Sci ; 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039552

RESUMO

As a well-known traditional Chinese medicine formula, Ding-Zhi-Xiao-Wan has long been used for the routine treatment of Alzheimer's disease. However, the mechanism of Ding-Zhi-Xiao-Wan in treating Alzheimer's disease is unclear. Therefore, a non-targeted metabolomics method based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry has been established to explore the metabolic variations in the urine of Alzheimer's disease rats and investigate the therapeutic mechanism of Ding-Zhi-Xiao-Wan on Alzheimer's disease. To develop a better rat model of Alzheimer's disease, amyloid ß25-35 was injected into the bilateral hippocampus of Sprague-Dawley rats. Multivariate analysis approaches were applied to differentiate the urine components between the four groups. Thereafter, a targeted metabolomics method was used to verify the identified endogenous metabolites and determine the mechanism of action of Ding-Zhi-Xiao-Wan. Altogether, 26 potential biomarkers were found, of which 15 biomarkers (10 of them are potential biomarkers found in non-targeted metabolomics) were identified. The results show that Ding-Zhi-Xiao-Wan mainly affects the pathways of taurine and hypotaurine metabolism, tryptophan metabolism and phenylalanine metabolism. Ding-Zhi-Xiao-Wan might play a role in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease by mediating anti-oxidative stress, regulation of energy metabolism, improvement of intestinal microbes, and protection of nerve cells. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

9.
Food Funct ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077871

RESUMO

Leaves of Acanthopanax senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Harms (ASL) have revealed significant biological activity in the treatment of ischemic stroke diseases. However, there was no in-depth study of the therapeutic material basis and effect of ASL from the pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics (PK-PD) analysis level. In this study, a method based on microdialysis coupled with ultra-performance liquid chromatography combined with triple quadruple mass spectrometry (MD-UPLC-QQQ-MS) was established to simultaneously and continuously collect and quantify the active compounds and endogenous neuroactive substances related to therapeutic effect in plasma and hippocampus of fully awake ischemic stroke rats. The acquired data were analyzed by the PK-PD analysis method. It was found that hyperoside, quercitrin, quercetin, and caffeic acid could pass through the blood-brain barrier, and quercetin needed a longer intake time than quercitrin and hyperoside, but the passage rate was higher. The exposure of the four compounds in the hippocampus affected the contents of seven neuroactive substances in different ways and was depicted graphically (concentration-time effect). In addition, the study found that the brain index and brain water content of ischemic stroke rats were significantly reduced after the oral administration of ASL. ASL observably regulated the content or activity of six important biochemical indexes in rats. On the one hand, this study verified that ASL could regulate ischemic stroke in many aspects. On the other hand, a visualized method to express the relationship between pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in the hippocampus of cerebral ischemic areas was established. This research gives a hand to the study on the therapeutic material basis and effect of traditional Chinese medicine mechanism.

10.
EBioMedicine ; 52: 102656, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062355

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intracavernous injection (ICI) of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) has been demonstrated promising for neurogenic erectile dysfunction (ED). However, due to the sponge-like structure of corpus cavernosum (CC) with abundant vessels, ICI was indeed like intravenous injection. Thus, the cell escaping may be a concern of safety and limited therapy, but the issue has not been clearly demonstrated yet. METHODS: Suspensions of free ADSCs (FAs) and ADSCs-based spheroids (ASs) with suitable size were intracavernously injected at doses of 0.5, 1, 2, or 4 million cells. The cell loss and safety after ICI, erectile function and histopathologic change, etc. were analyzed with multimodality of methods. FINDINGS: Most FAs escaped from sponge-like CC after ICI due to their small size, weakening stem-cell therapeutic efficacy. Worse still, the escaped cells were shown to cause widespread pulmonary embolism (PE), and even death in some animals. Further, it was founded that the therapeutic effect of FAs may be ascribed to the larger cell clusters which spontaneously aggregated before ICI and were trapped within CC after ICI. In comparison, cell loss and PE were significantly avoided by transplanting ASs. Importantly, better therapeutic outcomes were detected after ICI of ASs when compared to FAs with the same cell number. INTERPRETATION: Transplantation of size-specific ASs instead of single-cell suspension of FAs for neurogenic ED may be a wiser choice to achieve steady therapeutic outcome and to reduce risks for the future clinical application. FUND: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81701432) (to Y. Xu). Youth Training Project for Medical science (16QNP129) and Beijing Nova Program of science and technology (Z171100001117115) (to Z. Liu).

11.
Talanta ; 211: 120751, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32070575

RESUMO

At present, probe electrospray ionization mass spectrometry is widely used in the single cell analysis. As the continuous expansion of requirements for detecting more metabolite species from single cells, the sensitivity and accuracy of the instrument and the enrichment capacity of the probes are in high demand. Therefore, a high efficiency functional probe electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (FPESI-MS) analysis platform is established. In this platform, nitrogen aggregation/gas heating system and reduced graphene oxide functional copper probe (rGO-Cu probe) are firstly reported. The nitrogen aggregation/gas heating system can promote desorption of the analytes from probe and aggregate the product ions into the ion cluster to increase the ion transport capacity and the detection efficiency. rGO-Cu probe formed huge specific surface area to enrich the analytes without sacrificing the electrical conductivity. The probe substrates were prepared by electrochemical etching, after rGO-functionalization, the tip diameter of all kinds of the probes were measured to be less than 100 nm, which is much smaller than the PC12 single cells. Graphene oxide cannot be completely reduced by electrochemical methods, thus the rGO-Cu probe can enrich the analytes through the huge surface area of the graphene thin layer, as well as the hydrogen bond and the electrostatic absorption of the surface oxygen-containing groups. Seven AD related neurotransmitters and sixteen biomarkers in PC12 single cells and twelve metabolites in serum of AD rats were successfully analyzed by using FPESI-MS, and this method is expected to be used in the rapid detection of metabolites in biological samples and living organism.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18937, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000410

RESUMO

This study is to investigate the relationship of P-selectin (Ps) gene rs1800807 and rs1800808 polymorphisms with plasma soluble P-selectin (sPs) in Han, Uygur, and Kazakh people with atrial fibrillation (AF) and thromboembolism (TE) in Xinjiang, China.A total of 778 Han patients (including 131 patients with AF and TE, 229 patients with AF and 418 healthy individuals), 660 Uygur patients (including 118 patients with AF and TE, 232 patients with AF and 310 healthy individuals), and 505 Kazakh patients (including 42 patients with AF and TE, 156 patients with AF and 307 healthy individuals) were enrolled in this study. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and direct DNA sequence analysis were used to analyze the polymorphisms of rs1800807 and rs1800808 of Ps gene. ELISA was used to determine the plasma sPs level. The association between plasma sPs levels and Ps gene polymorphisms was further analyzed.The sPs concentrations of GG genotype at rs1800807 locus in the Han, Uygur and Kazakh ethnic groups in Xinjiang, China were significantly higher than those of the CC genotype and CG genotype (P < .05). In the rs1800808 locus, plasma sPs concentrations of the heterozygous mutant CT genotypes in Han and Uygur populations were significantly higher than those in the CC and TT genotypes, whereas the plasma sPs concentrations in Kazakh TT genotypes were significantly higher than those in the CC and CT genotypes (P < .05). Among different ethnic groups, there were significant differences in sPs levels of rs1800807 and rs1800808 genotypes (P < .05).Plasma sPs concentrations are associated with Ps genotypes and sPs concentration of the same genotype shows racial differences.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Fibrilação Atrial/genética , Selectina-P/sangue , Selectina-P/genética , Tromboembolia/sangue , Tromboembolia/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/etnologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , China , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Tromboembolia/complicações , Tromboembolia/etnologia
13.
J Biotechnol ; 309: 53-58, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891734

RESUMO

l-Methionine biosynthesis in Eschericha coli consists of multiple unit modules with various enzymes involved and the imbalance between different modules always restricted its productivity. In this study, the key enzymes participating in the pathway were investigated for their effect on l-methionine production and the pivotal enzyme homoserine O-succinyltransferase (MetA) was designed to be regulated. The surface amino acid residues of MetA were effectively modified through site-saturation mutagenesis and single mutants L63F, A28V, P298L and double mutant L63F/A28V were obtained with improved l-methionine productivity. The structure analysis revealed that the involved residues were on the surface loop regions, which was proposed to be conducive to the refolding of MetA and thus reduce the inhibition effect caused by l-methionine. After expression of the selected single mutant L63F in engineered E. coli ΔIJA-HFEBC strain with l-methionine efflux pump and mutated 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase, the l-methionine production was significantly improved, with a final yield of 3528 mg/L. The results demonstrated the efficiency of MetA regulation for enhanced production of l-methionine and meanwhile provided important guidance for further engineering of MetA with increased l-methionine productivity.

14.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227634, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31978067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cancer is one of the life-threatening diseases of human beings; the pathogenesis of cancer remains to be further investigated. Toll like receptor (TLR) activities are involved in the apoptosis regulation. This study aims to elucidate the role of Mal (MyD88-adapter-like) molecule in the apoptosis regulation of lung cancer (LC) cells. METHODS: The LC tissues were collected from LC patients. LC cells and normal control (NC) cells were isolated from the tissues and analyzed by pertinent biochemical and immunological approaches. RESULTS: We found that fewer apoptotic LC cells were induced by cisplatin in the culture as compared to NC cells. The expression of Fas ligand (FasL) was lower in LC cells than that in NC cells. FasL mRNA levels declined spontaneously in LC cells. A complex of FasL/TDP-43 was detected in LC cells. LC cells expressed less Mal than NC cells. Activation of Mal by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) increased TDP-43 expression in LC cells. TDP-43 formed a complex with FasL mRNA to prevent FasL mRNA from decay. Reconstitution of Mal or TDP-43 restored the sensitiveness of LC cells to apoptotic inducers. CONCLUSIONS: LC cells express low Mal levels that contributes to FasL mRNA decay through impairing TDP-43 expression. Reconstitution of Mal restores sensitiveness of LC cells to apoptosis inducers that may be a novel therapeutic approach for LC treatment.

15.
Talanta ; 209: 120554, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892010

RESUMO

Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), catalyzing the conversion of pyruvate to lactate during glycolysis, is overexpressed in cancer cells. LDH inhibitors are a promising approach for the treatment of cancer. But up till now, there is limited method for rapid screening of LDH inhibitors. Herein, the use of LDH functionalized magnetic nanoparticles as a drug discovery tool for the selective enrichment of LDH potential inhibitors from natural products was firstly reported in this study. Firstly, LDH was immobilized onto the surface of amino-modified magnetic nanoparticles via covalent binding. In order to obtain the maximum enzyme activity, the immobilization conditions including pH, time and LDH concentration were optimized. The amount of LDH immobilized on MNPs was about 49 µg enzyme/mg carrier under the optimized conditions. Subsequently, the ligand fishing assay was performed to validate the specificity and selectivity of immobilized LDH using a model mixture, which consisted of galloflavin, chlorogenic acid and verbascoside. Finally, the immobilized LDH approach combined with ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry technique (UHPLC-MS/MS) was applied to screen potential LDH inhibitors from two anthraquinone-rich natural products (Rhubarb and Polygonum cuspidatum). Nine and six compounds were identified from Rhubarb and Polygonum cuspidatum extracts respectively, of which three compounds were common to both. Our results have proven that LDH functionalized magnetic nanoparticles have a significant prospect for drug discovery from complex matrices.

16.
Talanta ; 209: 120548, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892058

RESUMO

It is very necessary to develop real-time, highly sensitive and selective fluorescent probes for hypochlorite (ClO-) in living cells owing to hypochlorite's important role in pathological and physiological processes and its short life. Herein, a pyrene Schiff's base derivative was successfully developed for real-time (within seconds), highly sensitive detecting ClO- with a low detection limit (5.7 nM) and wide pH range (4.0-11.0) based on nucleophilic addition and subsequent hydrolysis mechanism. The probe has aggregation-induced emission properties and emits yellow fluorescence (544 nm) in PBS solution, while it exhibits blue fluorescence in other organic solvents (426 nm (THF) - 460 nm (MeOH)). The probe can be used to response ClO- in A549 cells with low cytotoxicity, a good cell membranes penetration and good biocompatibility. Cell uptake experiment indicates that probe getting into the cells is energy-dependent and is not attributed to endocytosis. Moreover, the probe is successfully used in real water sample to detect ClO- and it can be expected to be applied to ClO- participated biological and pathological functions in biological systems.

17.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(1): 44, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969558

RESUMO

Tissue nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) is expressed widely in different tissues, modulating functions of metabolism and inflammation. However, the effect of TNAP on cardiac fibrosis remains controversial and needs to be further studied. The present study aims to investigate the role of TNAP on myocardial infarction (MI)-induced fibrosis and its mechanism. TNAP was upregulated in patients with MI, both in serum and injured hearts, and predicted in-hospital mortality. TNAP was also significantly upregulated after MI in rats, mostly in the border zone of the infarcted hearts combined with collagen synthesis. Administration of TNAP inhibitor, tetramisole, markedly improved cardiac function and fibrosis after MI. In the primary cultures of neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts (CFs), TNAP inhibition significantly attenuated migration, differentiation, and expression of collagen-related genes. The TGF-ß1/Smads signaling suppression, and p-AMPK and p53 upregulation were involved in the process. When p53 inhibitor was administered, the antifibrotic effect of TNAP inhibition can be blocked. This study provides a direct evidence that inhibition of TNAP might be a novel regulator in cardiac fibrosis and exert an antifibrotic effect mainly through AMPK-TGF-ß1/Smads and p53 signals.

18.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 13, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911625

RESUMO

A membrane with both high ion conductivity and selectivity is critical to high power density and low-cost flow batteries, which are of great importance for the wide application of renewable energies. The trade-off between ion selectivity and conductivity is a bottleneck of ion conductive membranes. In this paper, a thin-film composite membrane with ultrathin polyamide selective layer is found to break the trade-off between ion selectivity and conductivity, and dramatically improve the power density of a flow battery. As a result, a vanadium flow battery with a thin-film composite membrane achieves energy efficiency higher than 80% at a current density of 260 mA cm-2, which is the highest ever reported to the best of our knowledge. Combining experiments and theoretical calculation, we propose that the high performance is attributed to the proton transfer via Grotthuss mechanism and Vehicle mechanism in sub-1 nm pores of the ultrathin polyamide selective layer.

19.
Thorac Cancer ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31971663

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate whether human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is associated with primary lung cancer among the Fujian population. METHODS: HPV infection was detected in 140 pairs of lung cancer tissues and matched paracancerous tissues by examining the 21 clinically relevant HPV types using a combination of viral highly conserved L1 region PCR amplification and specific probe reverse hybridization. Paired χ2 test was used to analyze differences in detection rates of HPV between lung cancer and paracancerous tissues. Differences in detection rates of HPV in lung cancer tissues were analyzed using χ2 test or the exact probability method. The rank sum test was used to analyze differences in the distributions of routine indices of blood and pulmonary function in lung cancer tissues between the HPV negative and positive groups. RESULTS: HPV infection was detected in 13 of the 140 tumor specimens and in 16 of the paired normal lung tissues. There was no significant correlation between HPV infection and lung cancer (P > 0.05). The diagnosed HPV infection rates did not differ significantly among lung cancer tissues with different stratification (P > 0.05). However, the platelet count, platelet pressure, residual gas volume, functional residual volume, and residual gas volume/lung total distribution may differ between HPV-negative and HPV-positive lung cancer tissues (0.000625 < P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that HPV infection may not be associated with the risk of primary lung cancer in the Fujian population. However, HPV infection may affect platelet and residual lung function in primary lung cancer patients.

20.
ACS Chem Neurosci ; 11(2): 184-190, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820923

RESUMO

To inhibit the abnormal aggregation of Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) is regarded as a potential therapeutic strategy of SOD1-linked amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Herein the interactions between SOD1 and four stilbene-based polyphenols, namely, resveratrol, oxyresveratrol, polydatin, and 2,3,4',5-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-ß-d-glycoside (THSG), were investigated using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) combined with ion mobility (IM) spectrometry. The addition of tandem MS to the study of SOD1-ligand complexes provides further insight into their gas-phase stability. Monitoring the unfolding of SOD1-ligand complexes using IM-MS allows observation of subtle changes in the protein stability upon ligand binding. From the MS/MS and IM-MS measurements, polydatin and THSG were highlighted as the strongest bound compounds in the gas phase, and both of them appear to provide a stabilizing effect on the SOD1 dimer conformation. In addition, the data of fluorescence assays clearly show the ability of the ligands to inhibit apoSOD1 from aggregation, and polydatin was found to have the strongest inhibitory effect. Overall, the method described here can be an effective approach to investigate the interactions between SOD1 and other drug-like molecules.

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