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1.
World J Gastroenterol ; 23(14): 2601-2612, 2017 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28465645

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the expression and clinical pathological significance of ROR2 and WNT5a in gallbladder squamous/adenosquamous carcinoma (SC/ASC) and adenocarcinoma (AC). METHODS: EnVision immunohistochemistry was used to stain for ROR2 and WNT5a in 46 SC/ASC patients and 80 AC patients. RESULTS: Poorly differentiated AC among AC patients aged > 45 years were significantly more frequent compared with SC/ASC patients, while tumors with a maximal diameter > 3 cm in the SC/ASC group were significantly more frequent compared with the AC group. Positive ROR2 and WNT5a expression was significantly lower in SC/ASC or AC with a maximal mass diameter ≤ 3 cm, a TNM stage of I + II, no lymph node metastasis, no surrounding invasion, and radical resection than in patients with a maximal mass diameter > 3 cm, TNM stage IV, lymph node metastasis, surrounding invasion, and no resection. Positive ROR2 expression in patients with highly differentiated SC/ASC was significantly lower than in patients with poorly differentiated SC/ASC. Positive ROR2 and WNT5a expression levels in highly differentiated AC were significantly lower than in poorly differentiated AC. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that differentiation degree, maximal mass diameter, TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, surrounding invasion, surgical procedure and the ROR2 and WNT5a expression levels were closely related to average survival of SC/ASC or AC. The survival of SC/ASC or AC patients with positive expression of ROR2 and WNT5a was significantly shorter than that of patients with negative expression results. Cox multivariate analysis revealed that poor differentiation, a maximal diameter of the mass ≥ 3 cm, TNM stage III or IV, lymph node metastasis, surrounding invasion, unresected surgery and positive ROR2 or WNT5a expression in the SC/ASC or AC patients were negatively correlated with the postoperative survival rate and positively correlated with mortality, which are risk factors and independent prognostic predictors. CONCLUSION: SC/ASC or AC patients with positive ROR2 or WNT5a expression generally have a poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/química , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinoma Adenoescamoso/química , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/química , Receptores Órfãos Semelhantes a Receptor Tirosina Quinase/análise , Proteína Wnt-5a/análise , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Adenoescamoso/mortalidade , Carcinoma Adenoescamoso/patologia , Carcinoma Adenoescamoso/cirurgia , Diferenciação Celular , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , China , Feminino , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/cirurgia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima
2.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 15(3): 1441-6, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24606480

RESUMO

Squamous cell/adenosquamous carcinoma (SC/ASC) of the gallbladder are rare tumors and there are few clinical reports in the literature. Herein we report our clinical experience with 46 patients with SC/ASC and 80 with adenocarcinoma (AC). Expression of EphB1 and Ephrin-B in each tumor was determined using immunohistochemical methods for determination of correlations with prognosis. There was no difference in EphB1 and Ephrin-B expression between SC/ASC and AC tumors (P>0.05), but greater expression in those less than 3 cm in diameter, stage I or II (TNM stage), with no lymph node metastases, with no local invasion and treated with radical resection was apparent. Expression of EphB1 (P<0.05) and Ephrin-B (P<0.01) was higher in well differentiated than in poorly differentiated AC tumors. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that degree of differentiation, tumor diameter, lymph node metastases, local invasion, surgical approach and expression rate of EphB1 and Ephrin-B were closely related to the survival of SC/ASC (P<0.05) and AC patients (P<0.01). Patients with tumors that positive expressed EphB1 and Ephrin-B, whether it is SC/ASC (P SC/ASC =0.000) or AC (P AC =0.000 or P AC =0.002) had longer survival than those negative expression. Cox multivariate analysis indicated a negative correlation between expression of EphB1 or Ephrin-B and overall survival. Hence, EphB1 and Ephrin-B could be regarded as independent good prognostic factorsand important biological markers for SC/ASC and AC of gallbladder.


Assuntos
Efrina-B1/biossíntese , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/diagnóstico , Receptor EphB1/biossíntese , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Adenoescamoso/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Adenoescamoso/mortalidade , Carcinoma Adenoescamoso/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
3.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 33(1): 14-8, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23586214

RESUMO

The rapid pyrolysis of GAP/AP system under simulated combustion conditions was investigated by an on-line analysis, i. e. so called T-Jump/FTIR. The results show that the compositions of the main gaseous products for pyrolysis are changed, in comparison with the pyrolyses of single, which indicates that the interactions occur between the components of GAP/AP system. From an obvious effect of pressure on the main gaseous products for GAP/AP pyrolysis it is shown that the interactions between GAP and AP components arise from the gaseous products of AP and both the reactions in gas phase and in gas/condensed phase occur in the GAP/AP mixed system. The interactions between GAP and AP are not affected by test temperature. It is considered that the real time analysis of gaseous products of energetic material pyrolysis under simulated combustion conditions would be carried out by T-Jump/FTIR on-line analysis technique and from microcosmic reaction a technical approach used to explore the rapid pyrolysis of energetic materials and interactions between their components at high temperature and pressure would be developed by the on-line analysis technique from microcosmic reaction.

4.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 30(8): 2098-102, 2010 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20939315

RESUMO

The fast thermolysis processes of ammonium perchlorate (AP) and its chemical reaction mechanism under certain simulated conditions of combustion were systematically studied by means of T-Jump/FTIR technique. AP was flash-pyrolyzed under different pressure nitrogen atmosphere, with the heating rate of 1000 K x s(-1) and the set temperatures of 874 and 1 274 K. Thereafter, the real time species and concentration of its gaseous products were obtained and identified by using rapid scanning Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) in-situ spectroscopy. It was indicated that the main gaseous products of AP thermolysis is composed of NO2, N2O, NO, HCl and NClO. Interestingly, the values of N2O/NO2, NO/NO2 and NO/NClO are increased while the test temperature or pressure is elevated. It is suggested that the transformation of condensed phase and heterogeneous gas/condensed phase was probably arises and the "following reactions" among the main gaseous products may also take place in the fast thermolysis process of AP.

5.
J Phys Chem A ; 111(51): 13291-5, 2007 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18052046

RESUMO

The thermal behavior of 1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethlene (DADNE) was followed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry (TG). In addition, it was further investigated by the combination techniques of in situ thermolysis cell or fast thermolysis probe with rapid-scan Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (thermolysis/RSFT-IR and fast thermolysis/RSFT-IR) and by mass spectroscopy (MS). The results showed that there was a phase transition (beta-DADNE to gamma-DADNE) at the temperature of 119 degrees C, and that the gas products of DADNE consisted of CO2, CO, NO2, NO, N2O, HCN, and HNCO, of which CO2, NO, N2O, and HCN present themselves in both the first and second stages of DADNE decomposition process, whereas CO, NO2, and HNCO are only caused by the second stage, in air atmosphere. The C=C and C-NH2 bonds of DADNE molecules are broken in the first stage of the decomposition process in open air, and one of the C-NO2 and one of the C-NH2 bonds of the molecules are broken in the same stage under electrospray ionization condition.

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