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1.
Opt Express ; 25(25): 31586-31594, 2017 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29245831

RESUMO

A monolithic diamond photodetector with microlenses is fabricated by etching microlens arrays (MLAs) on single crystal diamond surface and patterning tungsten electrode strips on the edge of these arrays. Firstly, compact MLAs are etched on half of diamond sample surface by thermal reflow method. Secondly, via magnetron sputtering technique, two sets of interdigitated tungsten electrodes are patterned on the sample surface, one set is on the edge of MLAs, the other set is on the planar area. The optoelectronic performances of photodetectors have been investigated and indicated that the photocurrent of microlens photodetector increases by 74.8 percent at 10 V under 220 nm UV light illumination by comparing with that in planar case. Simulations of photodetectors' electrical and optical properties have been carried out, illustrating an improvement of charge collection ability and light absorption efficiency in microlens case. Furthermore, the present device structure can be extended to other semiconductor photodetectors.

2.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 12157, 2017 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28939907

RESUMO

Investigation of ohmic contact between iridium (Ir) film and hydrogen-terminated single crystal diamond has been carried out with annealing temperature from 300 to 600 °C in argon (Ar) and hydrogen ambient. Electrodes were deposited on hydrogen-terminated single crystal diamond by electron beam evaporation technique, and specific contact resistivity has been measured by transmission line model. The interface between Ir film and hydrogen-terminated single crystal diamond was characterized by transmission electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Theoretical calculation value of barrier height between Ir film and hydrogen-terminated single crystal diamond was around -1.1 eV. All results indicate that an excellent ohmic contact could be formed between Ir film and hydrogen-terminated single diamond.

3.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 1743, 2017 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28496156

RESUMO

We report the generation of three-mode hybrid intensity-noise correlation and intensity-difference squeezing of spontaneous parametric four-wave mixing (SP-FWM) and fourth-order fluorescence (FL) signals in the heteronuclear-like (three-level Λ-type) molecular structure of a Pr3+:Y2SiO5 (Pr3+:YSO) crystal using the nonlinear cross-Kerr effect under a polarized dressing effect. In the semi-classical view of a Kerr nonlinear medium, the amplitude of two-mode hybrid correlations of this kind is subject to a limit determined by the hybrid maximally entangled state. Whereas the degree of correlation and squeezing is determined by the dressing effects of the input laser fields participating in the SP-FWM process. We also find that the variations in magnitude of three-mode hybrid intensity-noise correlation and intensity-difference squeezing are consistent with nonlinear cross-Kerr processes. Such a three-mode hybrid signal may have potential applications in long-distance communication, dense coding, all-optical communication and quantum storage on photonic chips.

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