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1.
Radiol Med ; 2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35763249

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ARTO trial was designed to evaluate the difference in terms of outcomes between patients affected by oligo metastatic castrate resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) treated with Abiraterone acetate and randomized to receive or not SBRT on all sites of disease. Here, we present a preliminary analysis conducted on patients enrolled at promoting institution. OBJECTIVE: To present a preliminary overview about population features, clinical outcomes, adverse events, quality of life and explorative translational research. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: ARTO (NCT03449719) is a phase II trial including patients affected by oligo mCRPC, randomized to receive standard of care (GnRH agonist or antagonist plus abiraterone acetate 1000 mg and oral prednisone 10 mg daily) with or without SBRT on all metastatic sites of disease. All subjects have < 3 bone or nodal metastases. All patients are treated in I line mCRPC setting, no previous lines of treatment for mCRPC are allowed. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Data about a mono-centric cohort of 42 patients enrolled are presented in the current analysis, with focus on baseline population features, PSA drop at 3 months, biochemical response, and quality of life outcomes. Descriptive statistics regarding translational research are also presented. RESULTS AND LIMITATION: Significant difference in terms of PSA drop at three months was not detected (p = 0.68). Biochemical response (PSA reduction > 50%) was reported in 73.7 versus 76.5% of patients in control vs SBRT arm, respectively (p = 0.84). All patients are alive. Progression occurred in 1 versus 0 patients in the control versus SBRT arm, respectively. After 3 months, an average decrease of 13 points in terms of Global Health Score was reported for the overall population. However, complete recovery was noticed at 6 months. Circulating tumor cells detection rate was 40%. CONCLUSIONS: SBRT + Abiraterone treatment was safe and well tolerated, non-significant trend in terms of PSA drop and biochemical response at 3 months was detected in SBRT arm. Interestingly, CTCs detection in this selected cohort of oligo-mCRPC was lower if compared to historical data of unselected mCRPC patients.

2.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2022 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35739349

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the benefit yielded by radiotherapy (RT), we report a series of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients treated with concomitant RT plus Nivolumab. METHODS/PATIENTS: Patients undergoing Nivolumab treatment plus concomitant RT (ablative or palliative) were included. RT was defined Ablative if >5 Gy/fraction were delivered. RESULTS: Ablative RT intent was the only independent predictor of both progression free and overall survival (HR 3.51, 95% CI 1.6-7.5, p = 0.0012 and HR 2.8, 95% CI 0.99-8.07, p = 0.05, respectively). CONCLUSION: Ablative RT may improve oncologic outcomes in selected patients with metastatic RCC treated with Nivolumab as compared to palliative RT.

3.
Radiol Med ; 2022 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35752659

RESUMO

The advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors for recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (RM-HNSCC) has revolutionized the standard of care approach in first-line treatment. The heterogeneity of disease presentation and treatment-related toxicities can be associated with suboptimal patient compliance to oncologic care. Hence, prioritizing quality of life and well-being are crucial aspects to be considered in tailoring the best treatment choice. The aim of our work is to present a short report on the topic of the patient's preference in regard to treatment and its consequences on quality of life in the recurrent/metastatic setting. According to the literature, there's an unmet need on how to assess patient attitude in respect to the choice of treatment. In view of the availability of different therapeutic strategies in first-line management of RM-HNSCC, increasing emphasis should be put on integrating patient preferences into the medical decision-making.

4.
Med Oncol ; 39(8): 113, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35666314

RESUMO

Aromatase Inhibitors (AIs) are recommended for the adjuvant treatment of hormone receptor positive breast cancer in both high-risk pre-menopausal and post-menopausal population; arthralgia is the main cause of discontinuation of therapy and affects up to 25% of population on AI treatment. The objective of the study was to prospectively evaluate OPERA® (GAMFARMA srl, Milan, Italy), a new dietary supplement where α-Lipoic acid, Boswellia serrata, Methylsulfonylmethane and Bromelain are combined in a single hard-gelatin capsule to be taken once a day. Fifty-three patients with arthralgia (NCI-CTCAE v4.0 grade ≥ 1) occurring during AI therapy were enrolled. All patients received OPERA® from enrollment (T0) up to sixth months (T3). Patients' AI-related arthralgia was evaluated every two months with VAS Scale, PRAI questionnaire, and CTCAE scale. Primary endpoint was the number of patients with symptom resolution (G0) at T3 if compared to T0, according to CTCAE and VAS scale. Secondary endpoints were decrease in arthralgia intensity measured with PRAI score at T3 compared to baseline, safety of OPERA® and rate of AI interruption. Treatment with OPERA® supplement was overall well tolerated; no relevant toxicities related to OPERA® intake were reported. Seven subjects (13.2%) were not included in the final analysis because of consent withdrawal. 46 participants were eligible for final analysis. According to CTCAE scale, 10 out of 46 patients reported symptoms resolution at 6-month follow-up from the time of enrollment T0 (p = 0.0009). According to VAS score, 5 patients reported complete resolution of symptoms at T3 if compared to baseline starting situation T0 (p = 0.0222). Analysis of PRAI score showed a significant reduction in arthralgia-related pain perceived (p = 0.0001). OPERA® was able to reduce the intensity of arthralgia related to AI therapy. Randomized, double-blind studies are warranted to confirm the effectiveness of this dietary supplement.


Assuntos
Boswellia , Neoplasias da Mama , Inibidores da Aromatase/efeitos adversos , Artralgia/induzido quimicamente , Artralgia/diagnóstico , Artralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Bromelaínas/uso terapêutico , Suplementos Nutricionais , Dimetil Sulfóxido , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sulfonas
5.
Med Oncol ; 39(8): 119, 2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35687207

RESUMO

Circulating tumor cells detection and ARV7 expression are associated with worse clinical outcomes in metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) undergoing Androgen Receptor Targeted Agents. ARFL, PSMA and PSA may help to refine prognostic models. In our institution, a prospective observational trial testing CTC detection in mCPRC undergoing I line ARTA therapy terminated the planned enrollment in 2020. Here, we present a pre-planned interim analysis with 18 months of median follow-up. RT-qPCR was used to determine the CTC expression of PSA, PSMA, AR and ARV7 before starting ARTA. PSA-drop, Progression-Free and Overall Survival (PFS and OS) and their correlation with CTC detection were reported. Forty-four patients were included. CTC were detected in 43.2% of patients, of whom 8.94% expressed PSA, 15.78% showed ARV7, 63.15% and 73.68% displayed ARFL and PSMA, respectively. Biochemical response was significantly improved in CTC + vs CTC- patients, with median PSA-drop of 18.5 vs 2.5 ng/ml (p = 0.03). After a median follow-up of 18 months, 50% of patients progressed. PFS was significantly longer in CTC- patients (NR vs 16 months). Eight (18.2%) patients died, a non-significant trend in terms of OS was detected in favor of CTC- patients (NR vs 29 months, p = 0.05). AR, PSA and PSMA expression in CTC + had no significant impact on PSA-drop, PFS or OS. PRIMERA-trial confirmed the CTC detection predictive importance in mCRPC patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/genética , Receptores Androgênicos/genética , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Pract Radiat Oncol ; 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35659597

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Several phase 3 trials demonstrated partial breast irradiation non-inferiority as compared to whole breast irradiation in terms of local control and similar or reduced toxicity. During the last years, especially due to the COVID pandemic, a growing interest toward 5-fraction regimens emerged. The APBI-IMRT-Florence trial (NCT02104895) schedule (30 Gy in 5 fractions) might represent an appealing treatment option, being both a safe and effective partial breast irradiation schedule, with long-term reported results. The aim of this report is to support the planners interested in implementing this technique, and to warrant an equity of access for most of early breast cancer patient candidate to receive a postoperative radiation treatment. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We reported the current delivery technique optimized from the original protocol, and the updated dose constraints for plan optimization. We also reported a statistical analysis of dosimetric parameters on fifty patients treated in consecutive fractions. Treatment-related toxicity was assessed using the acute radiation morbidity scoring criteria and late radiation morbidity scoring scheme from the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer. RESULTS: The mean volume of ipsilateral breast was 731cc (SD±450; range 151-2205) and the mean PTV was 139 cc (SD±48; range 55-259). The correlation between ipsilateral breast V15Gy and the ratio between the PTV and ipsilateral breast volume expresses a good correlation (R2 = 0.911). At a median follow up of 4.5 years, 32% of patients (n=16) developed any grade 1 acute toxicity. No grade >1 was observed. Sixteen percent of patients (n=8) developed any grade 1 late toxicity. No grade >1 was observed. Physician-assessed cosmesis was reported as excellent (84%), good (14%), and fair (2%). CONCLUSIONS: The 30 Gy in five consecutive fractions schedule might represent a safe, easy-to-deliver, and cost-effective option for adequately selected patients affected by early breast cancer.

7.
Cancer Treat Rev ; 108: 102417, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35623219

RESUMO

Major advances have been made in precision medicine of breast cancer patients with a series of molecular targeted therapies now in clinical use or in late clinical development. These new therapeutic measures need to be integrated with local treatments, particularly with radiation therapy in both curative and advanced settings. Although a synergistic effect could be obtained between targeted therapies and irradiation, potential safety concerns should be carefully considered. At present, scarce evidence exists due to a lack of quality assurance on radiation therapy in pivotal trials of new drugs and missing reports on safety in case of concurrent radiation therapy, commonly administered with heterogenous doses and fractionations, especially in advanced disease. A major contribution for effectively combining radiation and targeted therapies in breast cancer could derive from clinically relevant preclinical studies. This review integrates preclinical and clinical evidence on how targeted agents and radiation therapy could be combined to help physicians in their daily clinical practice and to improve the clinical management of patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias da Mama , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular
8.
Radiat Oncol ; 17(1): 84, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35484597

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To report on the discriminative ability of a simulation Computed Tomography (CT)-based radiomics signature for predicting response to treatment in patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemo-radiation for locally advanced adenocarcinoma of the rectum. METHODS: Consecutive patients treated at the Universities of Tübingen (from 1/1/07 to 31/12/10, explorative cohort) and Florence (from 1/1/11 to 31/12/17, external validation cohort) were considered in our dual-institution, retrospective analysis. Long-course neoadjuvant chemo-radiation was performed according to local policy. On simulation CT, the rectal Gross Tumor Volume was manually segmented. A feature selection process was performed yielding mineable data through an in-house developed software (written in Python 3.6). Model selection and hyper-parametrization of the model was performed using a fivefold cross validation approach. The main outcome measure of the study was the rate of pathologic good response, defined as the sum of Tumor regression grade (TRG) 3 and 4 according to Dworak's classification. RESULTS: Two-hundred and one patients were included in our analysis, of whom 126 (62.7%) and 75 (37.3%) cases represented the explorative and external validation cohorts, respectively. Patient characteristics were well balanced between the two groups. A similar rate of good response to neoadjuvant treatment was obtained in in both cohorts (46% and 54.7%, respectively; p = 0.247). A total of 1150 features were extracted from the planning scans. A 5-metafeature complex consisting of Principal component analysis (PCA)-clusters (whose main components are LHL Grey-Level-Size-Zone: Large Zone Emphasis, Elongation, HHH Intensity Histogram Mean, HLL Run-Length: Run Level Variance and HHH Co-occurence: Cluster Tendency) in combination with 5-nearest neighbour model was the most robust signature. When applied to the explorative cohort, the prediction of good response corresponded to an average Area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.65 ± 0.02. When the model was tested on the external validation cohort, it ensured a similar accuracy, with a slightly lower predictive ability (AUC of 0.63). CONCLUSIONS: Radiomics-based, data-mining from simulation CT scans was shown to be feasible and reproducible in two independent cohorts, yielding fair accuracy in the prediction of response to neoadjuvant chemo-radiation.


Assuntos
Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Retais , Quimiorradioterapia , Humanos , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Reto/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
9.
Mediastinum ; 6: 4, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35340837

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the principal studies investigating the role of postoperative radiation therapy (PORT) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to discuss the recent major breakthroughs deriving from the Lung ART trial, in order to provide a real-world scenario of the management of resected NSCLC patients. Background: Surgery followed by platinum-based chemotherapy remains the mainstay of adjuvant treatments for completely resected stage II and IIIA NSCLC. Less consistent is the employment of PORT, as no significant benefit was clearly identified from the previous published meta-analysis. Furthermore, the recent results of Lung ART trial questioned for the first time the efficacy of PORT for pathological N2 (pN2) NSCLC patients. Hence, the need to define if PORT still has a role for resected NSCLC and which subgroup of patients could benefit most from this treatment. Methods: A literature search of PubMed was performed to identify publications, including prospective and retrospective clinical studies, meta-analysis and systematic review of PORT for NSCLC. No limit concerning years of publication or publication status were applied. Only papers using the English language were selected. The ESMO 2020 and ESMO 2021 online resources were used to analyze the Lung ART trial results. The authors provide a narrative summary of the findings and implications of these studies and how they improve the clinical practice. Conclusions: PORT was considered the standard of care for patients with completely resected pN2 NSCLC based on the results of an old meta-analysis that did not demonstrate a detrimental effect. The more recent randomized phase III Lung ART trial concluded that PORT could not anymore be recommended for pN2 NSCLC as a significant benefit in terms of 3 years disease-free survival (DFS) was not reached and an increased rate of radiotherapy related toxicity was observed. Retrospective studies suggest a possible role of PORT for incompletely resected NSCLC patients and those with an extranodal extension (ENE), but this issue needs to be reinforced from randomized prospective trials. The extensive publication of Lung ART trial is largely awaited to define if there is a role of PORT for resected NSCLC patients.

10.
NPJ Breast Cancer ; 8(1): 33, 2022 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35314692

RESUMO

To investigate pharmacogenetic interactions among VEGF-A, VEGFR-2, IL-8, HIF-1α, EPAS-1, and TSP-1 SNPs and their role on progression-free survival (PFS) in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients treated with bevacizumab plus first-line paclitaxel or with paclitaxel alone. Analyses were performed on germline DNA, and SNPs were investigated by real-time PCR technique. The multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) methodology was applied to investigate the interaction between SNPs. The present study was an explorative, ambidirectional cohort study: 307 patients from 11 Oncology Units were evaluated retrospectively from 2009 to 2016, then followed prospectively (NCT01935102). Two hundred and fifteen patients were treated with paclitaxel and bevacizumab, whereas 92 patients with paclitaxel alone. In the bevacizumab plus paclitaxel group, the MDR software provided two pharmacogenetic interaction profiles consisting of the combination between specific VEGF-A rs833061 and VEGFR-2 rs1870377 genotypes. Median PFS for favorable genetic profile was 16.8 vs. the 10.6 months of unfavorable genetic profile (p = 0.0011). Cox proportional hazards model showed an adjusted hazard ratio of 0.64 (95% CI, 0.5-0.9; p = 0.004). Median OS for the favorable genetic profile was 39.6 vs. 28 months of unfavorable genetic profile (p = 0.0103). Cox proportional hazards model revealed an adjusted hazard ratio of 0.71 (95% CI, 0.5-1.01; p = 0.058). In the 92 patients treated with paclitaxel alone, the results showed no effect of the favorable genetic profile, as compared to the unfavorable genetic profile, either on the PFS (p = 0.509) and on the OS (p = 0.732). The pharmacogenetic statistical interaction between VEGF-A rs833061 and VEGFR-2 rs1870377 genotypes may identify a population of bevacizumab-treated patients with a better PFS.

11.
Radiol Med ; 127(4): 449-457, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35247134

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess outcomes between salvage radiation therapy (SRT) with curative intent and stereotactic radiotherapy for macroscopic prostate recurrence (SSRT) after radical prostatectomy (RP). In order to compare these two different options, we compared their outcomes with a propensity score-based matched analysis. METHODS: Data from 185 patients in seven Italian centres treated for macroscopic prostate bed recurrence after RP were retrospectively collected. To make a comparison between the two treatment groups, propensity matching was applied to create comparable cohorts. RESULTS: After matching, 90 patients in the SRT and SSRT groups were selected (45 in each arm). Kaplan-Meier analysis did not show any significant differences in terms of BRFS and PFS between matched populations (p = 0.08 and p = 0.8, respectively). Multivariate models show that treatment was not associated with BRFS, neither in the whole or matched cohort, with HR of 2.15 (95%CI 0.63-7.25, p = 0.21) and 2.65 (95%CI 0.59-11.97, p = 0.21), respectively. In the matched cohort, lower rate of toxicity was confirmed for patients undergoing SSRT, with acute GI and GU adverse events reported in 4.4 versus 44.4% (p < 0.001) and 28.9 versus 46.7% (p = 0.08) of patients, and late GI and GU adverse events reported in 0 versus 13.3% (p = 0.04) and 6.7 versus 22.2% (p = 0.03) of patients, respectively. CONCLUSION: Considering the favourable therapeutic ratio of this approach and the lower number of fractions needed, SSRT should be considered as an attractive alternative to conventional SRT in this setting.


Assuntos
Próstata , Neoplasias da Próstata , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Pontuação de Propensão , Próstata/cirurgia , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Prostatectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação
12.
Clin Exp Metastasis ; 39(3): 443-448, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35266063

RESUMO

To assess the outcomes of a cohort of bone oligometastatic prostate cancer patients treated with PSMA-PET guided stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). From April 2017 to January 2021, 40 patients with oligorecurrent prostate cancer detected by PSMA-PET were treated with SBRT for bone oligometastases. Concurrent androgen deprivation therapy was an exclusion criterion. A total of 56 prostate cancer bone oligometastases were included in the present analysis. In 28 patients (70%), oligometastatic disease presented as a single lesion, two lesions in 22.5%, three lesions in 5%, four lesions in 2.5%. 30.3% were spine-metastases, while 69.7% were non-spine metastases. SBRT was delivered for a median dose of 30 Gy (24-40 Gy) in 3-5 fractions, with a median EQD2 = 85 Gy2 (64.3-138.9Gy2). With a median follow-up of 22 months (range 2-48 months), local control (LC) 1- and 2-years rates were 96.3% and 93.9%, while distant progression-free survival (DPFS) rates were 45.3% and 27%. At multivariate analysis, the lower PSA nadir value after SBRT remained significantly related to better DPFS rates (p = 0.03). In 7 patients, a second SBRT course was proposed with concurrent ADT, while 11 patients, due to polymetastatic spread, received ADT alone, resulting in 1- and 2-years ADT-free survival rates of 67.5% and 61.8%. At multivariate analysis, a lower number of treated oligometastases maintained a correlation with higher ADT-free survival rates (p = 0.04). In our experience, PSMA-PET guided SBRT resulted in excellent results in terms of clinical outcomes, representing a helpful tool with the aim to delay the start of ADT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Radiocirurgia , Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Castração , Humanos , Masculino , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Radiocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Radiother Oncol ; 169: 64-70, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35157978

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To report on the anti-tumor activity of a novel combination in high-risk locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At a fixed dose of 1500 mg every 28 days, anti PD-L1 Durvalumab was given concomitantly to Radiotherapy and Cetuximab starting from the first week of combined treatment, followed by adjuvant Durvalumab to a maximum of 6 months after completion of radiation. The primary endpoint of the study was 2-year progression-free survival (PFS). A safety run-in was planned. Due to regulatory issues which prevented from opening multiple centers, COVID-19 pandemic and withdrawal of Durvalumab from supporting company, the study was prematurely terminated in April 2021. RESULTS: Between July 2019 and August 2020, 9 patients were enrolled in the study. All tumors had a PD-L1 Combined Positive Score > 1. Optimal drug exposure was observed, with mean relative dose intensity of 85.5% and 87.5% for Cetuximab and Durvalumab, respectively. No radiation breaks were necessary. A grade 4 mucositis lasting for 14 days corresponded to the only dose limiting toxicity we reported. At a median follow-up of 11.5 months (IQR 7.7-16.7) all surviving patients (6 out of 9) are disease-free, with 1 and 2-year PFS rates of 77.7% and 58.3%, respectively. A selective sparing of node levels in the elective volume was performed in all cases, yielding a cumulative mean dose of 37.6 Gy (SD 8.4). CONCLUSION: Albeit limited by the small sample size, our preliminary observation of anti-tumor activity and tolerability of Durvalumab in addition to Cetuximab and radiation may warrant further investigations.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , COVID-19 , Cetuximab/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Pandemias , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia
14.
J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 23(3): e13507, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35064746

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This retrospective work aims to evaluate the possible impact on intra- and inter-observer variability, contouring time, and contour accuracy of introducing a pelvis computed tomography (CT) auto-segmentation tool in radiotherapy planning workflow. METHODS: Tests were carried out on five structures (bladder, rectum, pelvic lymph-nodes, and femoral heads) of six previously treated subjects, enrolling five radiation oncologists (ROs) to manually re-contour and edit auto-contours generated with a male pelvis CT atlas created with the commercial software MIM MAESTRO. The ROs first delineated manual contours (M). Then they modified the auto-contours, producing automatic-modified (AM) contours. The procedure was repeated to evaluate intra-observer variability, producing M1, M2, AM1, and AM2 contour sets (each comprising 5 structures × 6 test patients × 5 ROs = 150 contours), for a total of 600 contours. Potential time savings was evaluated by comparing contouring and editing times. Structure contours were compared to a reference standard by means of Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) and mean distance to agreement (MDA), to assess intra- and inter-observer variability. To exclude any automation bias, ROs evaluated both M and AM sets as "clinically acceptable" or "to be corrected" in a blind test. RESULTS: Comparing AM to M sets, a significant reduction of both inter-observer variability (p < 0.001) and contouring time (-45% whole pelvis, p < 0.001) was obtained. Intra-observer variability reduction was significant only for bladder and femoral heads (p < 0.001). The statistical test showed no significant bias. CONCLUSION: Our atlas-based workflow proved to be effective for clinical practice as it can improve contour reproducibility and generate time savings. Based on these findings, institutions are encouraged to implement their auto-segmentation method.


Assuntos
Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Humanos , Masculino , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Pelve/diagnóstico por imagem , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Breast Cancer ; 29(2): 302-313, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775540

RESUMO

We re-evaluated acute and early-late toxicity-related factors among pre-pectoral immediate tissue expander/implant (TE/I) breast reconstruction (BR) unselected, first-era, cases, including previous breast radiation treatment and post-mastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT). A retrospective analysis of 146 (117 therapeutic and 29 prophylactic) pre-pectoral reconstructions, between 2012 and 2016, considered patient-related (age, body mass index [BMI], smoke-history, comorbidity, BRCA mutation), and treatment-related characteristics (previous irradiation, axillary surgery, PMRT, pre- and postoperative chemotherapy, endocrine therapy, and target-therapy). Safety was evaluated as acute and early-late complications, and TE/I failures. At multivariate analysis of the 146 cases (117 patients submitted to BR) a significant factor related to acute toxicity was: BMI ≥ 25 (31.3% [≥ 25] vs 8.8% [< 25]; OR 4.44, 95% CI 1.56-12.6; p = 0.003), while previous breast surgery on ipsilateral side presented a borderline significance (31.6% [previous surgery] vs 7.4% [no previous surgery]; OR 3.74, 95% CI 0.97-14.40; p = 0.055). Factors significantly related to TE/I failure were: current or previous smoking exposition (13.8% [smokers] vs 2.6% [non-smokers]; OR 7.32, 95% CI 1.37-39.08; p = 0.02) and preoperative chemotherapy (18.8% [yes] vs 3.5% [no]; OR 8.16, 95% CI 1.29-51.63; p = 0.026). At 4-year median follow-up, 3 deaths, 5 locoregional recurrences, and 14 distant metastases occurred. Immediate pre-pectoral BR is safe and effective, with low rates of acute and early-late complications. BMI and previous breast surgery were related to higher complications but not failure; smoking and preoperative chemotherapy were related to TE/I explant. Previous RT and PMRT were related neither to early-late toxicity nor failure.


Assuntos
Implantes de Mama , Neoplasias da Mama , Mamoplastia , Implantes de Mama/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Mamoplastia/efeitos adversos , Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Radioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dispositivos para Expansão de Tecidos/efeitos adversos
17.
Radiol Med ; 127(1): 108-116, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748151

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To retrospectively estimate the impact of radiotherapy as a progression-directed therapy (PDT) in oligoprogressive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients under androgen receptor-target therapy (ARTT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: mCRPC patients are treated with PDT. End-points were time to next-line systemic treatment (NEST), radiological progression-free survival (r-PFS) and overall survival (OS). Toxicity was registered according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method; univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients were analyzed. The median follow-up after PDT was 25.2 months (interquartile, 17.1-44.5). One-year NEST-free survival, r-PFS and OS were 49.8%, 50.4% and 82.1%, respectively. At multivariate analysis, polymetastatic condition at diagnosis of metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC) (HR 2.82, p = 0.004) and PSA doubling time at diagnosis of mCRPC (HR 2.76, p = 0.006) were associated with NEST-free survival. The same variables were associated with r-PFS (HR 2.32, p = 0.021; HR 2.24, p = 0.021). One patient developed late grade ≥ 2 toxicity. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that radiotherapy in oligoprogressive mCRPC is safe, is effective and seems to prolong the efficacy of ARTT in patients who otherwise would have gone systemic treatment switch, positively affecting disease progression. Prospective trials are needed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/radioterapia , Idoso , Antagonistas de Receptores de Andrógenos/uso terapêutico , Progressão da Doença , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/diagnóstico por imagem , Receptores Androgênicos/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Radiol Med ; 127(2): 206-213, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850352

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Given the absence of standardized planning approach for clinically node-positive (cN1) prostate cancer (PCa), we collected data about the use of prophylactic pelvic irradiation and nodal boost. The aim of the present series is to retrospectively assess clinical outcomes after this approach to compare different multimodal treatment strategies in this scenario. METHODS: Data from clinical records of patients affected by cN1 PCa and treated in six different Italian institutes with prophylactic pelvic irradiation and boost on pathologic pelvic lymph nodes detected with CT, MRI or choline PET/CT were retrospectively reviewed and collected. Clinical outcomes in terms of overall survival (OS) and biochemical relapse-free survival (b-RFS) were explored. The correlation between outcomes and baseline features (International Society of Urological Pathology-ISUP pattern, total dose to positive pelvic nodes ≤ / > 60 Gy, sequential or simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) administration and definitive vs postoperative treatment) was explored. RESULTS: ISUP pattern < 2 was a significant predictor of improved b-RFS (HR = 0.3, 95% CI 0.1220-0.7647, P = 0.0113), while total dose < 60 Gy to positive pelvic nodes was associated with worse b-RFS (HR = 3.59, 95% CI 1.3245-9.741, P = 0.01). Conversely, treatment setting (postoperative vs definitive) and treatment delivery technique (SIB vs sequential boost) were not associated with significant differences in terms of b-RFS (HR = 0.85, 95% CI 0.338-2.169, P = 0.743, and HR = 2.39, 95% CI 0.93-6.111, P = 0.067, respectively). CONCLUSION: Results from the current analysis are in keeping with data from literature showing that pelvic irradiation and boost on positive nodes are effective approaches. Upfront surgical approach was not associated with better clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Metástase Linfática/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Idoso , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Clin Breast Cancer ; 22(1): 60-66, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393050

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Selective pectoralis major muscle (PMM) denervation has been described in retro-pectoral reconstructions to obtain the advantages of the pre-pectoral approach. Present study compared subjective evaluations between retro-pectoral implant based breast reconstructions (IBBRs) with denervation to traditional techniques without denervation. METHODS: In 2020, two 2 groups of patients submitted to retro-pectoral IBBR, minimum 12-month follow-up, were compared through BREAST-Q post-operative questionnaire. Group-1 included direct-to-implant or two2-stage tissue expanderTE cases with selective PMM denervation, while Group-2 similar procedures, in the same time span 2017-2019, without denervation. BREAST-Q was divided into five 5 independent scales and for each scale item responses were summed up and transformed into a score, ranging from 0 to 100, to analyze and compare the results. RESULTS: 50 patients were included both in Group1 and Group-2. Group-1 patients reported significantly higher scores in "satisfaction with the reconstructed breast" scale compared to Group-2, means-medians of 56-58 and 47-50, respectively. A trend in favor of Group-1 was recorded in the scales of "psycho-social well-being", 64-65 vs. 58-53, and "sexual well-being", 53-47 vs. 48-47, albeit not significant. Substantial equivalence was found in "satisfaction with the result overall" and "physical well-being". CONCLUSION: PMM denervation can improve cosmetic results in retro-pec IBBRs, thus leading to better QoL. Possible pain and physical discomfort weren't caused by denervation with scores similar to non-denervated controls.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Denervação/métodos , Estética , Músculos Peitorais/inervação , Adulto , Implante Mamário/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Mamoplastia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Músculos Peitorais/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 279(4): 2083-2097, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34331571

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), the potential mitigating effect of complementary medicine interventions such as acupuncture for radiation-induced toxicity is unknown. This study aimed to assess the impact of acupuncture on the incidence and degree of severity of common radiation-induced side effects. METHODS: In accordance with pre-specified PICO criteria, a systematic review was performed. Two electronic databases (Medline and Embase) were searched over a 10-year time frame (01/01/10 to 30/09/20). Patients undergoing a curatively intended, radiation-based treatment for histologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma of the nasopharynx, oropharynx, larynx, hypopharynx and oral cavity represented the target population of our study. Accurate information on the acupuncture methodology was reported. All included articles were evaluated to identify any potential source of bias RESULTS: Five papers were included in our qualitative analysis, for a total of 633 subjects. Compliance to per-protocol defined schedule of acupuncture sessions was high, ranging from 82 to 95.9%. Most patients (70.6%) were randomly allocated to receive acupuncture for its potential preventive effect on xerostomia. The large heterogeneity in study settings and clinical outcomes prevented from performing a cumulative quantitative analysis, thus no definitive recommendations can be provided. CONCLUSIONS: Although shown to be feasible and safe, no firm evidence currently supports the use of acupuncture for the routine management of radiation-induced toxicity in HNSCC.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Lesões por Radiação , Xerostomia , Terapia por Acupuntura/efeitos adversos , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Humanos , Lesões por Radiação/prevenção & controle , Lesões por Radiação/terapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Xerostomia/prevenção & controle , Xerostomia/terapia
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