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1.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 23(8): 475-478, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic had enormous impact on many aspects of our society, including huge medical, social, and economic challenges. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic and the related movement restrictions on the incidence of hip fractures in different age groups. METHODS: This single center retrospective observational study included all patients over 60 years old admitted to our hospital with the diagnosis of hip fracture during March and April 2020. Exclusion criteria were periprosthetic or pathologic fractures and multitrauma. We collected the same data on all patients with hip fractures admitted during March and April of 2018 and 2019. RESULTS: Mean patient age increased from 81.7 to 85.0 years. Only two of 49 patients tested positive for COVID-19. The data show a decrease of 38% in fracture load, but a striking decrease of 85% and 59% among sexagenarians and septuagenarian, respectively. There was no decrease among nonagenarians. Early mortality, both at 30 days and 90 days, was twice as common during the pandemic. However, stratification by age group demonstrated that the risks of early mortality were the same as previous years. Mean waiting time for surgery decreased from 27.5 to 18.9 hours. Patient discharge to home over a rehabilitation facility increased from 9% to 17. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic affected the epidemiology of hip fractures in the elderly. The incidence of fractures and age distribution were significantly different from other years. Discharge destinations were also affected. The management of hip fracture patients was not compromised.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Fraturas do Quadril , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Fraturas do Quadril/reabilitação , Fraturas do Quadril/terapia , Humanos , Incidência , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Israel/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/métodos , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/tendências , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação
2.
Harefuah ; 159(11): 797-803, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several demographic and medical factors have an established effect on mortality and function after hip fractures, however varying fracture characteristics and surgical factors have been less thoroughly investigated. The study assessed the impact of specific fracture patterns on mortality and mobility one year post hip fracture. Other surgical factors including the type of intervention, major complications and sequential fractures were assessed as well. METHODS: An institutional hip fracture registry was reviewed. Mobility status scores were calculated one year post-operatively. RESULTS: Thirty days mortality was 4.6% and one year mortality was 19.9%. There was no significant effect of fracture type on mortality. However, patients receiving hemiarthroplasty had a significantly higher mortality (28.1%) than other patients receiving internal fixation (18.6%) or total hip arthroplasty (4%). An increased mobility status after intra-capsular fractures over extracapsular fractures was demonstrated. Patients receiving total hip arthroplasty had significantly better mobility at one year than patients with fracture fixation or hemiarthroplasty. Major complications and sequential fractures had no significant effect on outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Critical factors that influence decision making for orthopedic surgeons are revealed to have a lesser effect on the patient's ultimate outcome.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Hemiartroplastia , Fraturas do Quadril , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
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