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2.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For patients with heart failure (HF), iron deficiency (ID) is a common therapeutic target. However, little is known about the utility of transferrin saturation (TSAT) or serum ferritin for risk stratification in decompensated HF (DHF) or the European Society of Cardiology's (ESC) current definition of ID (ferritin < 100 µg/L or TSAT < 20% if ferritin is 100-299 µg/L). We evaluated the association between these potential markers of ID and the risk of 30-day readmission for HF or death in patients with DHF. METHODS: We retrospectively included 1701 patients from a multicenter registry of DHF. Serum ferritin and TSAT were evaluated 24-72 h after hospital admission, and multivariable Cox regression was used to assess their association with the composite endpoint. RESULTS: Participants' median (quartiles) age was 76 (68-82) years, 43.8% were women, and 51.7% had a left ventricular ejection fraction > 50%. Medians for NT-proBNP, TSAT, and ferritin were 4067 pg/mL (1900-8764), 14.1% (9.0-20.3), and 103 ug/L (54-202), respectively. According to the current ESC definition, 1,246 (73.3%) patients had ID. By day 30, there were 177 (10.4%) events (95 deaths and 85 HF readmission). After multivariable adjustment, lower TSAT was associated with outcome (p = 0.009) but serum ferritin was not (HR 1.00; 95% confidence interval 0.99-1.00, p = 0.347). CONCLUSIONS: Lower TSAT, but not ferritin, was associated with a higher risk of short-term events in patients with DHF. Further research is needed to confirm these findings and the utility of serum ferritin as a marker of ID in DHF.

3.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745912

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) has been shown to be useful for risk stratification in patients admitted with acute heart failure (AHF). We sought to determine a CA125 cutpoint for identifying patients at low risk of 1-month death or the composite of death/HF readmission following admission for AHF. METHODS: The derivation cohort included 3231 consecutive patients with AHF. CA125 cutoff values with 90% negative predictive value (NPV) and sensitivity up to 85% were identified. The adequacy of these cutpoints and the risk of 1-month death/HF readmission was then tested using the Royston-Parmar method. The best cutpoint was selected and externally validated in a cohort of patients hospitalized from BIOSTAT-CHF (n=1583). RESULTS: In the derivation cohort, the median [IQR] CA125 was 57 [25.3-157] U/mL. The optimal cutoff value was <23 U/mL (21.5% of patients), with NPVs of 99.3% and 94.1% for death and the composite endpoint, respectively. On multivariate survival analyses, CA125 <23 U/mL was independently associated with a lower risk of death (HR, 0.20; 95%CI, 0.08-0.50; P <.001), and the combined endpoint (HR, 0.63; 95%CI, 950.45-0.90; P=.009). The ability of this cutpoint to discriminate patients at a low 1-month risk was confirmed in the validation cohort (NPVs of 98.6% and 96.6% for death and the composite endpoint). The predicted ability of this cutoff remained significant at 6 months of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In patients admitted with AHF, CA125 <23 U/mL identified a subgroup at low risk of short-term adverse events, a population that may not require intense postdischarge monitoring.

4.
J Card Fail ; 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identifying patients at risk of poor diuretic response in acute heart failure (AHF) is critical to make prompt adjustments in therapy. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the circulating levels of soluble ST2 predict the cumulative diuretic efficiency (DE) at 24 and 72 hours in patients with AHF and concomitant renal dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a post hoc analysis of the IMPROVE-HF trial, in which we enrolled 160 patients with AHF and renal dysfunction (estimated glomerular filtrate rate of <60 mL/min/1.73 m2). DE was calculated as the net fluid output produced per 40 mg of furosemide equivalents. The association between sST2 and DE was evaluated by using multivariate linear regression analysis. The median cumulative DE at 24 and 72 hour was 747 mL (interquartile range 490-1167 mL) and 1844 mL (interquartile range 1142-2625 mL), respectively. The median sST2 and mean estimated glomerular filtrate rate were 72 ng/mL (interquartile range 47-117 ng/mL), and 34.0 ± 8.5 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively. In a multivariable setting, higher sST2 were significant and nonlinearly related to lower DE both at 24 and 72 hours (P = .002 and P = .019, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AHF and renal dysfunction at presentation, circulating levels of sST2 were independently and negatively associated with a poor diuretic response, both at 24 and 72 hours.

5.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040491

RESUMO

AIMS: The mechanisms underlying the beneficial effect of ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) in patients with heart failure (HF) and iron deficiency (ID) have not been completely characterized. The Myocardial-IRON trial was a double-blind, randomized trial that evaluated myocardial iron repletion following FCM vs. placebo in 53 patients with HF and ID. In this post hoc analysis, we evaluated whether treatment with FCM was associated with cardiac magnetic resonance changes in left and right ventricular function (LVEF and RVEF, respectively) at different points of systolic dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included patients from the Myocardial-IRON trial with left and right ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD and RVSD, respectively) at enrolment. Linear mixed regression models were used to evaluate changes at 7 and 30 days on LVEF and RVEF at cardiac magnetic resonance. At enrolment, 27 (50.9%) and 38 (71.7%) patients had LVEF < 40% (LVSD1 ) or <45% (LVSD2 ), respectively, and 10 (18.9%) and 17 (32.1%) patients had RVEF < 45% (RVSD1 ) or <51% in women and <52% in men (RVSD2) , respectively. Treatment with FCM was associated with a significant improvement in LVEF at 30 days (LVSD1 : Δ2.3%, P < 0.001; LVSD2 : Δ4.1, P = 0.014). FCM was also associated with a significant and early improvement in RVEF at 7 days (RVSD1 : Δ6.9%, P = 0.003; RVSD2 : Δ3.2%, P = 0.003) that persisted at 30 days (RVSD1 : Δ8.1%, P < 0.001; RVSD2 : Δ4.7%, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with HF and systolic dysfunction with ID, FCM was associated with short-term improvement in LVEF and, especially, in RVEF.

6.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) and B-type natriuretic peptides are surrogate markers of congestion in patients with acute heart failure (AHF). The aim of the study was to assess the association between CA125 and NT-proBNP and congestion parameters in patients with AHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Prospective multicentre observational study that included 191 patients hospitalised for AHF. We recorded the presence of pleural effusion, peripheral oedema and inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter during the first 24-48 hours after admission and evaluated their independent association with CA125 concentrations and the amino-terminal fraction of pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). The mean age was 73.4 ± 12 years, 79 (41.4%) were women, and 127 (66.5%) had left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 50%. The median of CA125, NT-proBNP and IVC diameter was 58 (22.7-129) U/mL, 3,985 (1,905-9,775) pg/mL and 21 (17-25) mm, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that CA125 was positively and independently associated with the presence of peripheral oedema, pleural effusion and elevated IVC levels. NT-proBNP was associated with pleural effusion and IVC diameter but not with oedema. The addition of CA125 increased the discriminatory capacity of the baseline model to identify peripheral oedema and pleural effusion, but not NT-proBNP. The most important predictor of ICV dilation was CA125 (R2 = 48.3%). CONCLUSION: In patients with AHF, serum CA125 levels are associated more significantly than NT-proBNP with a state of congestion.

7.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940428

RESUMO

AIMS: The role of non-invasive telemedicine (TM) combining telemonitoring and teleintervention by videoconference (VC) in patients recently admitted due to heart failure (HF) ('vulnerable phase' HF patients) is not well established. The aim of the Heart failure Events reduction with Remote Monitoring and eHealth Support (HERMeS) trial is to assess the impact on clinical outcomes of implementing a TM service based on mobile health (mHealth), which includes remote daily monitoring of biometric data and symptom reporting (telemonitoring) combined with VC structured, nurse-based follow-up (teleintervention). The results will be compared with those of the comprehensive HF usual care (UC) strategy based on face-to-face on-site visits at the vulnerable post-discharge phase. METHODS AND RESULTS: We designed a 24 week nationwide, multicentre, randomized, controlled, open-label, blinded endpoint adjudication trial to assess the effect on cardiovascular (CV) mortality and non-fatal HF events of a TM-based comprehensive management programme, based on mHealth, for patients with chronic HF. Approximately 508 patients with a recent hospital admission due to HF decompensation will be randomized (1:1) to either structured follow-up based on face-to-face appointments (UC group) or the delivery of health care using TM. The primary outcome will be a composite of death from CV causes or non-fatal HF events (first and recurrent) at the end of a 6 month follow-up period. Key secondary endpoints will include components of the primary event analysis, recurrent event analysis, and patient-reported outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: The HERMeS trial will assess the efficacy of a TM-based follow-up strategy for real-world 'vulnerable phase' HF patients combining telemonitoring and teleintervention.

8.
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol ; 319(4): R485-R496, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877242

RESUMO

Maternal low-protein diet (LP) throughout gestation affects pancreatic ß-cell fraction of the offspring at birth, thus increasing their susceptibility to metabolic dysfunction and type 2 diabetes in adulthood. The present study sought to strictly examine the effects of LP during the last week of gestation (LP12.5) alone as a developmental window for ß-cell programming and metabolic dysfunction in adulthood. Islet morphology analysis revealed normal ß-cell fraction in LP12.5 newborns. Normal glucose tolerance was observed in 6- to 8-wk-old male and female LP12.5 offspring. However, male LP12.5 offspring displayed glucose intolerance and reduced insulin sensitivity associated with ß-cell dysfunction with aging. High-fat diet exposure of metabolically normal 12-wk-old male LP12.5 induced glucose intolerance due to increased body weight, insulin resistance, and insufficient ß-cell mass adaptation despite higher insulin secretion. Assessment of epigenetic mechanisms through microRNAs (miRs) by a real-time PCR-based microarray in islets revealed elevation in miRs that regulate insulin secretion (miRs 342, 143), insulin resistance (miR143), and obesity (miR219). In the islets, overexpression of miR143 reduced insulin secretion in response to glucose. In contrast to the model of LP exposure throughout pregnancy, islet protein levels of mTOR and pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 were normal in LP12.5 islets. Collectively, these data suggest that LP diet during the last week of pregnancy is critical and sufficient to induce specific and distinct developmental programming effects of tissues that control glucose homeostasis, thus causing permanent changes in specific set of microRNAs that may contribute to the overall vulnerability of the offspring to obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes.


Assuntos
Dieta Hiperlipídica , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Materna/fisiologia , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Animais , Glicemia/metabolismo , Dieta com Restrição de Proteínas , Feminino , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Secreção de Insulina/fisiologia , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Gravidez
9.
Intern Emerg Med ; 2020 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813117

RESUMO

Modes of death in patients with heart failure (HF) have been well characterized in randomized studies, but data from real-life are scarce, especially in the elderly, women and in HF with mid-range or preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Our purpose was to examine modes of death in HF patients according to age, sex and LVEF. We analysed the mode of death of HF patients from two prospective multicentre contemporary Spanish registries conducted by cardiologists (REDINSCOR, n = 2150) and by internists (RICA, n = 1396). Mode of death was pre-specified. Out of 3546 patients, 485 (13.7%) died during the 9-month follow-up. Cardiovascular (CV) causes were the most frequent, regardless of the age, sex and LVEF. More than half of patients died due to worsening HF in both groups of patients, followed by other non-CV causes in those attended by internists, and sudden cardiac death in those cared by cardiologists. Stroke was more common among elderly patients, women and HF with preserved LVEF. Non-CV causes, particularly infectious diseases, accounted for a remarkable proportion of deaths, especially in the elderly and in HF patients with preserved LVEF. Functional class, age and anaemia had a strong influence on both CV and non-CV death. CV death due to refractory HF was the most prevalent among our population, irrespective of age, sex or LVEF. However, a significant proportion of HF patients died from non-CV causes, particularly elderly with mid-range and preserved LVEF. These patients could benefit significantly from a multidisciplinary follow-up.

10.
Int J Clin Pract ; : e13661, 2020 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32770841

RESUMO

AIM: To determine if patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have a higher comorbidity burden than those without T2DM, if other comorbidities are preferentially associated with T2DM and if these conditions confer a worse patient prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cohort study based on the RICA Spanish Heart Failure Registry, a multicentre, prospective registry that enrols patients admitted for decompensated HF and follows them for 1 year. We selected only patients with HFpEF, classified as having or not having T2DM and performed an agglomerative hierarchical clustering based on variables such as the presence of arrhythmia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dyslipidemia, liver disease, stroke, dementia, body mass index, haemoglobin levels, estimated glomerular filtration rate and systolic blood pressure. A total of 1934 patients were analysed: 907 had T2DM (mean age 78.4 ± 7.6 years) and 1027 did not (mean age 81.4 ± 7.6 years). The analysis resulted in four clusters in patients with T2DM and three in the reminder. All clusters of patients with T2DM showed higher BMI and more kidney disease and anaemia than those without T2DM. Clusters of patients without T2DM had neither significantly better nor worse outcomes. However, among the T2DM patients, clusters 2, 3 and 4 all had significantly poorer outcomes, the worst being cluster 3 (HR 2.0, 95% CI 1.36-2.93, P = .001). CONCLUSIONS: Grouping our patients with HFpEF and T2DM into clusters based on comorbidities revealed a greater disease burden and prognostic implications associated with the T2DM phenotype, compared with those without T2DM.

11.
Cardiorenal Med ; 10(5): 362-372, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32721973

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In acute heart failure (AHF), early assessment of spot urinary sodium (UNa) has emerged as a useful biomarker for risk stratification and monitoring. The objective of this study was to investigate (a) whether early spot UNa predicts 24-h diuretic efficiency and (b) the clinical factors associated with early spot UNa in patients with AHF and concomitant renal dysfunction (RD). METHODS: This is a post hoc analysis of the IMPROVE-HF trial, in which 160 patients with AHF and RD (estimated glomerular filtrate rate [eGFR] <60 mL/min/1.73 m2) were included. Diuretic efficiency was calculated as the net fluid output produced per 40 mg of furosemide equivalents in 24 h. The association between early spot UNa and diuretic efficiency and clinical variables associated with UNa were evaluated using multivariate linear regression analysis. The contribution of the exposures in the predictability of the models was assessed with the coefficient of determination (R2). RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 78 ± 8 years. The median (interquartile range) diuretic efficiency, early spot UNa, aminoterminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, and eGFR were 747 (490-1,167) mL, 90 mmol/L (65-111), 7,765 pg/mL (3,526-15,369), and 33.7 ± 11.3 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively. In a multivariate setting, lower UNa was significantly and nonlinearly associated with lower diuretic efficiency (p = 0.001), explaining the 44.4% of the model predictability. Natremia and surrogates of congestion emerged as the main factors related to UNa. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AHF and RD at presentation, early spot UNa was inversely related to 24-h diuretic efficiency.

12.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624444

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Urinary sodium (UNa+) has emerged as a useful biomarker of poor clinical outcomes in acute heart failure (AHF). Here, we sought to evaluate: a) the usefulness of a single early determination of UNa+ for predicting adverse outcomes in patients with AHF and renal dysfunction, and b) whether the change in UNa+ at 24hours (ΔUNa24h) adds any additional prognostic information over baseline values. METHODS: This is a post-hoc analysis of a multicenter, open-label, randomized clinical trial (IMPROVE-HF) (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02643147) that randomized 160 patients with AHF and renal dysfunction on admission to a) the standard diuretic strategy, or b) a carbohydrate antigen 125-guided diuretic strategy. The primary end point was all-cause mortality and total all-cause readmissions. RESULTS: The mean age was 78±8 years, and the mean glomerular filtration rate was 34.0±8.5mL/min/1.73 m2. The median UNa+ was 90 (65-111) mmol/L. At a median follow-up of 1.73 years [interquartile range, 0.48-2.35], 83 deaths (51.9%) were registered, as well as 263 all-cause readmissions in 110 patients. UNa+ was independently associated with mortality (HR, 0.75; 95%CI, 0.65-0.87; P <.001) and all-cause readmissions (HR, 0.92; 95%CI, 0.88-0.96; P <.001). The prognostic usefulness of the ΔUNa24h varied according to UNa+ at admission (P for interaction <.05). The ΔUNa24h was inversely associated with both end points only in the group with UNa+ ≤ 50 mmol/L. Conversely, no effect was found in the group with UNa+> 50 mmol/L. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AHF and renal dysfunction, a single early determination of UNa+ ≤ 50 mmol/L identifies patients with a higher risk of all-cause mortality and readmission. The ΔUNa24h adds prognostic information over baseline values only when UNa+ at admission is ≤ 50 mmol/L.

13.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(4): e014254, 2020 02 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067585

RESUMO

Background Intravenous ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) improves symptoms, functional capacity, and quality of life in heart failure and iron deficiency. The mechanisms underlying these effects are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to examine changes in myocardial iron content after FCM administration in patients with heart failure and iron deficiency using cardiac magnetic resonance. Methods and Results Fifty-three stable heart failure and iron deficiency patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive intravenous FCM or placebo in a multicenter, double-blind study. T2* and T1 mapping cardiac magnetic resonance sequences, noninvasive surrogates of intramyocardial iron, were evaluated before and 7 and 30 days after randomization using linear mixed regression analysis. Results are presented as least-square means with 95% CI. The primary end point was the change in T2* and T1 mapping at 7 and 30 days. Median age was 73 (65-78) years, with N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, ferritin, and transferrin saturation medians of 1690 pg/mL (1010-2828), 63 ng/mL (22-114), and 15.7% (11.0-19.2), respectively. Baseline T2* and T1 mapping values did not significantly differ across treatment arms. On day 7, both T2* and T1 mapping (ms) were significantly lower in the FCM arm (36.6 [34.6-38.7] versus 40 [38-42.1], P=0.025; 1061 [1051-1072] versus 1085 [1074-1095], P=0.001, respectively). A similar reduction was found at 30 days for T2* (36.3 [34.1-38.5] versus 41.1 [38.9-43.4], P=0.003), but not for T1 mapping (1075 [1065-1085] versus 1079 [1069-1089], P=0.577). Conclusions In patients with heart failure and iron deficiency, FCM administration was associated with changes in the T2* and T1 mapping cardiac magnetic resonance sequences, indicative of myocardial iron repletion. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT03398681.

14.
Am J Med ; 133(3): 370-380.e4, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422111

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal diuretic treatment strategy for patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction remains unclear. Plasma carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) is a surrogate of fluid overload and a potentially valuable tool for guiding decongestion therapy. The aim of this study was to determine if a CA125-guided diuretic strategy is superior to usual care in terms of short-term renal function in patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction at presentation. METHODS: This multicenter, open-label study randomized 160 patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction into 2 groups (1:1). Loop diuretics doses were established according to CA125 levels in the CA125-guided group (n = 79) and in clinical evaluation in the usual-care group (n = 81). Changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 72 and 24 hours were the co-primary endpoints, respectively. RESULTS: The mean age was 78 ± 8 years, the median amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide was 7765 pg/mL, and the mean eGFR was 33.7 ± 11.3 mL/min/1.73m2. Over 72 hours, the CA125-guided group received higher furosemide equivalent dose compared to usual care (P = 0.011), which translated into higher urine volume (P = 0.042). Moreover, patients in the active arm with CA125 >35 U/mL received the highest furosemide equivalent dose (P <0.001) and had higher diuresis (P = 0.013). At 72 hours, eGFR (mL/min/1.73m2) significantly improved in the CA125-guided group (37.5 vs 34.8, P = 0.036), with no significant changes at 24 hours (35.8 vs 39.5, P = 0.391). CONCLUSION: A CA125-guided diuretic strategy significantly improved eGFR and other renal function parameters at 72 hours in patients with acute heart failure and renal dysfunction.


Assuntos
Antígeno Ca-125/sangue , Furosemida/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Membrana/sangue , Insuficiência Renal/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Simportadores de Cloreto de Sódio e Potássio/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/urina , Humanos , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Medicina de Precisão , Insuficiência Renal/complicações , Insuficiência Renal/urina , Urina
15.
Cardiology ; 144(1-2): 1-8, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553980

RESUMO

AIM: Hyponatremia is very often associated with renal disease in patients with heart failure (HF) and, when present, determines a poor outcome. We investigated the role of hyponatremia in HF patients in whom the presence or absence renal insufficiency was accurately predefined. METHODS: This was a cohort study based on the Spanish National Registry on Heart Failure (RICA), a multicenter, prospective registry that enrolls patients admitted for decompensated HF who were subsequently followed up for 1 year. We classified patients into 4 groups according to the presence or absence of renal disease defined by the hematocrit, urea, and gender formula (HUGE) and then according to the presence of hyponatremia (Na ≤135 mEq/L). RESULTS: A total of 3,478 patients were included. Hyponatremia was more prevalent in the group with renal disease (22.1%) than without (18.4%). During admission, both groups with hyponatremia had more complications than those with normal serum sodium. During the 1-year follow-up, patients with hyponatremia and renal disease had a significantly worse outcome (HF mortality and readmission), HR 1.87, 95% CI 1.54-2.29, p < 0.001, compared to those with hyponatremia without renal disease, HR 1.01, 95% CI 0.79-1.3, p = 0.94. CONCLUSIONS: Hyponatremia is more prevalent in patients with renal insufficiency, and outcome is poorest when both renal disease and hyponatremia coexist. Patients with hyponatremia without renal disease show no differences in outcome compared to those without hyponatremia.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitalização , Hiponatremia/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Insuficiência Renal/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Sódio/sangue , Espanha/epidemiologia , Análise de Sobrevida
16.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 152(7): 266-273, abr. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183546

RESUMO

Asistimos en los últimos años a un gran interés en la búsqueda de nuevos biomarcadores en la insuficiencia cardiaca (IC); fundamentalmente, en el ámbito del diagnóstico, pronóstico, monitorización y como guía terapéutica. Sin embargo, la mayoría de ellos no cumplen los criterios requeridos para ser utilizados en la práctica clínica diaria. El antígeno carbohidrato 125 (CA 125) es el anticuerpo de la glucoproteína mucina 16 (MUC16) y su uso se ha restringido a la monitorización terapéutica del cáncer de ovario. Sin embargo, se ha constatado su elevación en otros procesos no tumorales como la IC. En este último contexto, el CA 125 es sintetizado por las células serosas epiteliales en respuesta a la congestión o estímulos inflamatorios. En los últimos años son numerosas las publicaciones que señalan que las concentraciones plasmáticas de esta glucoproteína podrían ser de utilidad como marcador biológico en IC. La concentración de CA 125 se correlaciona con parámetros clínicos, hemodinámicos y ecocardiográficos relacionados con la gravedad de la enfermedad y se ha demostrado que se asocia de forma independiente con la mortalidad o el reingreso por IC. Desde la perspectiva clínica, el CA 125 ofrece información del grado de congestión extravascular presente en la IC. La evidencia reciente muestra de manera constante que su cinética tras un ingreso por descompensación ofrece una excelente capacidad predictiva para episodios adversos y para guiar el tratamiento, fundamentalmente diurético. Estas cualidades hacen de este un candidato ideal para su uso en la monitorización evolutiva y como guía del tratamiento depletivo en IC


In recent years, we have seen a great interest in the search for new biomarkers in heart failure (HF), fundamentally in the field of diagnosis, prognosis, monitoring and as a therapeutic guide. However, most of them do not meet the required criteria for daily clinical practice. The carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA 125) is the mucin 16 glycoprotein (MUC16) antibody, and its use has been restricted to the therapeutic monitoring of ovarian cancer; however, its elevation is confirmed in other non-tumour processes such as HF. In this last scenario, CA 125 is synthesised by serous epithelial cells in response to congestion and/or inflammatory stimuli. In recent years, increasing evidence has emerged suggesting that plasma levels of this glycoprotein could be useful as a biomarker in HF. CA 125 levels correlate with clinical, haemodynamic and echocardiographic parameters related to the severity of the disease, as well as being independently associated with mortality or readmission due to HF. From the clinical perspective, CA 125 provides information on the degree of extravascular congestion present in HF. Recent evidence consistently shows that its kinetics after admission due to decompensation offer an excellent predictive capacity for adverse events and to guide treatment, mainly diuretic. These qualities make it an ideal candidate for use in evolutionary monitoring and to guide depletive treatment in HF


Assuntos
Humanos , Antígeno Ca-125/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Prognóstico
17.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 152(4): 127-134, 2019 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30712652

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Acute heart failure (AHF), can occur as decompensated chronic heart failure (HF) or as a first episode, "new onset". The aim of this study was to analyse the clinical characteristics and prognosis at one-year in a cohort of patients with new onset AHF. METHODS: Prospective observational study of 3,550 patients with AHF. We compared patients with new onset HF with the others. Restricting the analysis to new onset AHF patients, we analysed the clinical characteristics, readmissions, mortality and impact of left ventricular ejection fraction on the prognosis. RESULTS: A total of 1,105 (31%) patients fulfil the criteria for new onset AHF. These patients versus the rest, were younger, had a higher aetiology of hypertension and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, less global comorbidity and better baseline overall functional status. After one year, mortality in new onset HF was less than chronic decompensated HF (15 vs. 27%; p<.001; respectively). Multivariate analysis showed a correlation between mortality and higher global comorbidity (hazard ratio. -HR- 1.11), renal failure (HR 1.73), higher prescription of antialdosteronics and antiaggregant (HR 2.13; 1.8; respectively). Left ventricular ejection fraction was unrelated to mortality. CONCLUSIONS: New onset AHF shows a clinical profile and prognosis different to that of chronic decompensated HF. Higher comorbidity, renal function and treatment post-discharge predict a higher risk of mortality.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Doença Aguda , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Doença Crônica , Comorbidade , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/etiologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Insuficiência Renal/epidemiologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
18.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 152(4): 127-134, feb. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-181879

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: La insuficiencia cardiaca aguda (ICA) puede suceder como una descompensación de una IC crónica o como un primer episodio "de novo". Nuestro objetivo fue analizar las características clínicas y el pronóstico al año, en una cohorte de ICA de novo. Métodos: Estudio observacional y prospectivo de 3550 pacientes con ICA. Se analizan las características clínicas, la fracción de eyección ventricular izquierda, los reingresos y factores asociados a mayor mortalidad al año de los pacientes con ICA de novo y se comparan con el resto. Resultados: Un total de 1105 (31%) pacientes, presentaron ICA de novo. Este grupo fue más joven, con mayor etiología hipertensiva y fracción de eyección ventricular izquierda preservada, mejor estado funcional y menor comorbilidad que el resto de la cohorte. Al año de seguimiento, la mortalidad fue menor en ICA de novo frente a IC crónica descompensada (el 15 vs. el 27%; p<0,001). En el análisis multivariante, los factores asociados a mortalidad en ICA de novo fueron: comorbilidad global (hazard ratio -HR- 1,11), insuficiencia renal (HR 1,73), prescripción de antialdosterónicos y antiagregantes (HR 2,13; 1,8; respectivamente). No se objetivaron diferencias pronósticas en cuanto a la fracción de eyección ventricular izquierda. Conclusiones: Los pacientes con ICA de novo tienen un perfil clínico diferente a la IC crónica descompensada, con un mejor pronóstico. Los principales factores predictores de mortalidad al año en ICA de novo fueron la comorbilidad global, la función renal y el tipo de tratamiento al alta hospitalaria


Introduction and objectives: Acute heart failure (AHF), can occur as decompensated chronic heart failure (HF) or as a first episode, "new onset". The aim of this study was to analyse the clinical characteristics and prognosis at one-year in a cohort of patients with new onset AHF. Methods: Prospective observational study of 3,550 patients with AHF. We compared patients with new onset HF with the others. Restricting the analysis to new onset AHF patients, we analysed the clinical characteristics, readmissions, mortality and impact of left ventricular ejection fraction on the prognosis. Results: A total of 1,105 (31%) patients fulfil the criteria for new onset AHF. These patients versus the rest, were younger, had a higher aetiology of hypertension and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, less global comorbidity and better baseline overall functional status. After one year, mortality in new onset HF was less than chronic decompensated HF (15 vs. 27%; p<.001; respectively). Multivariate analysis showed a correlation between mortality and higher global comorbidity (hazard ratio.-HR- 1.11), renal failure (HR 1.73), higher prescription of antialdosteronics and antiaggregant (HR 2.13; 1.8; respectively). Left ventricular ejection fraction was unrelated to mortality. Conclusions: New onset AHF shows a clinical profile and prognosis different to that of chronic decompensated HF. Higher comorbidity, renal function and treatment post-discharge predict a higher risk of mortality


Assuntos
Humanos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Registros/normas , Volume Sistólico , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Eur J Intern Med ; 60: 18-23, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30360944

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The value of digoxin in heart failure (HF) remains controversial, particularly in patients with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). This study evaluated the 1-year risk of events after digoxin treatment for acute heart failure (AHF) in patients >70 years old with HFpEF. METHODS: 1833 patients were included in this analysis (mean age, 82 years). The main endpoints were all-cause death and the composite of death and/or HF re-admission within 1 year. Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between digoxin treatment and prognosis. RESULTS: 401 patients received digoxin treatment; of these, 86% had atrial fibrillation. The mean baseline heart rate was 86 ±â€¯22 bpm. At the 1-year follow-up, 375 patients (20.5%) died and 684 (37.3%) presented composite endpoints. Patients treated with digoxin showed higher rates of death (3.21 vs. 2.44 per 10 person-years, p = .019) and composite endpoint (6.72 vs. 5.18 per 10 person-years, p = .003). After multivariate adjustment, digoxin treatment remained associated with increased risks of death (HR = 1.46, 95% CI: 1.16-1.85, p = .001) and the composite endpoint (HR = 1.35, 95% CI: 1.13-1.61, p = .001). A distinctive prognostic effect of digoxin was found across the heart rate continuum; the risks for both endpoints were higher at lower heart rates and neutral at higher heart rates (p of the interactions = 0.007 and 0.03, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In older patients with HFpEF discharged after AHF, digoxin treatment was associated with increased mortality and/or re-admission, particularly in patients with lower heart rates.


Assuntos
Cardiotônicos/efeitos adversos , Digoxina/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Cardiotônicos/uso terapêutico , Causas de Morte , Digoxina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Alta do Paciente , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 152(7): 266-273, 2019 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30442374

RESUMO

In recent years, we have seen a great interest in the search for new biomarkers in heart failure (HF), fundamentally in the field of diagnosis, prognosis, monitoring and as a therapeutic guide. However, most of them do not meet the required criteria for daily clinical practice. The carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA 125) is the mucin 16 glycoprotein (MUC16) antibody, and its use has been restricted to the therapeutic monitoring of ovarian cancer; however, its elevation is confirmed in other non-tumour processes such as HF. In this last scenario, CA 125 is synthesised by serous epithelial cells in response to congestion and/or inflammatory stimuli. In recent years, increasing evidence has emerged suggesting that plasma levels of this glycoprotein could be useful as a biomarker in HF. CA 125 levels correlate with clinical, haemodynamic and echocardiographic parameters related to the severity of the disease, as well as being independently associated with mortality or readmission due to HF. From the clinical perspective, CA 125 provides information on the degree of extravascular congestion present in HF. Recent evidence consistently shows that its kinetics after admission due to decompensation offer an excellent predictive capacity for adverse events and to guide treatment, mainly diuretic. These qualities make it an ideal candidate for use in evolutionary monitoring and to guide depletive treatment in HF.


Assuntos
Antígeno Ca-125/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Ecocardiografia , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural/sangue , Prognóstico
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