Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 6 de 6
Mais filtros

Intervalo de ano de publicação
Small ; 18(31): e2202301, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35713270


The electronic, optical, and magnetic properties of graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) can be engineered by controlling their edge structure and width with atomic precision through bottom-up fabrication based on molecular precursors. This approach offers a unique platform for all-carbon electronic devices but requires careful optimization of the growth conditions to match structural requirements for successful device integration, with GNR length being the most critical parameter. In this work, the growth, characterization, and device integration of 5-atom wide armchair GNRs (5-AGNRs) are studied, which are expected to have an optimal bandgap as active material in switching devices. 5-AGNRs are obtained via on-surface synthesis under ultrahigh vacuum conditions from Br- and I-substituted precursors. It is shown that the use of I-substituted precursors and the optimization of the initial precursor coverage quintupled the average 5-AGNR length. This significant length increase allowed the integration of 5-AGNRs into devices and the realization of the first field-effect transistor based on narrow bandgap AGNRs that shows switching behavior at room temperature. The study highlights that the optimized growth protocols can successfully bridge between the sub-nanometer scale, where atomic precision is needed to control the electronic properties, and the scale of tens of nanometers relevant for successful device integration of GNRs.

ACS Nano ; 15(2): 2635-2642, 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492120


The rational bottom-up synthesis of graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) provides atomically precise control of widths and edges that give rise to a wide range of electronic properties promising for electronic devices such as field-effect transistors (FETs). Since the bottom-up synthesis commonly takes place on catalytic metallic surfaces, the integration of GNRs into such devices requires their transfer onto insulating substrates, which remains one of the bottlenecks in the development of GNR-based electronics. Herein, we report on a method for the transfer-free placement of GNRs on insulators. This involves growing GNRs on a gold film deposited onto an insulating layer followed by gentle wet etching of the gold, which leaves the nanoribbons to settle in place on the underlying insulating substrate. Scanning tunneling microscopy and Raman spectroscopy confirm that atomically precise GNRs of high density uniformly grow on the gold films deposited onto SiO2/Si substrates and remain structurally intact after the etching process. We have also demonstrated transfer-free fabrication of ultrashort channel GNR FETs using this process. A very important aspect of the present work is that the method can scale up well to 12 in. wafers, which is extremely difficult for previous techniques. Our work here thus represents an important step toward large-scale integration of GNRs into electronic devices.

Nano Lett ; 19(2): 1083-1089, 2019 02 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30677297


Carbon nanotube field-effect transistors (CNFETs) promise to improve the energy efficiency, speed, and transistor density of very large scale integration circuits owing to the intrinsic thin channel body and excellent charge transport properties of carbon nanotubes. Low-temperature fabrication (e.g., <400 °C) is a key enabler for the monolithic three-dimensional (3D) integration of CNFET digital logic into a device technology platform that overcomes memory bandwidth bottlenecks for data-abundant applications such as big-data analytics and machine learning. However, high contact resistance for short CNFET contacts has been a major roadblock to establishing CNFETs as a viable technology because the contact resistance, in series with the channel resistance, reduces the on-state current of CNFETs. Additionally, the variation in contact resistance remains unstudied for short contacts and will further degrade the energy efficiency and speed of CNFET circuits. In this work, we investigate by experiments the contact resistance and statistical variation of room-temperature fabricated CNFET contacts down to 10 nm contact lengths. These CNFET contacts are ∼15 nm shorter than the state-of-the-art Si CMOS "7 nm node" contact length, allowing for multiple generations of future scaling of the transistor-contacted gate pitch. For the 10 nm contacts, we report contact resistance values down to 6.5 kΩ per source/drain contact for a single carbon nanotube (CNT) with a median contact resistance of 18.2 kΩ. The 10 nm contacts reduce the CNFET current by as little as 13% at VDS = 0.7 V compared with the best reported 200 nm contacts to date, corroborated by results in this work. Our analysis of RC from 232 single-CNT CNFETs between the long-contact (e.g., 200 nm) and short-contact (e.g., 10 nm) regimes quantifies the resistance variation and projects the impact on CNFET current variability versus the number of CNT in the transistor. The resistance distribution reveals contact-length-dependent RC variations become significant below 20 nm contact length. However, a larger source of CNFET resistance variation is apparent at all contact lengths used in this work. To further investigate the origins of this contact-length-independent resistance variation, we analyze the variation of RC in arrays of identical CNFETs along a single CNT of constant diameter and observe the random occurrence of high  RC, even on correlated CNFETs.

Nat Commun ; 8(1): 633, 2017 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28935943


Bottom-up synthesized graphene nanoribbons and graphene nanoribbon heterostructures have promising electronic properties for high-performance field-effect transistors and ultra-low power devices such as tunneling field-effect transistors. However, the short length and wide band gap of these graphene nanoribbons have prevented the fabrication of devices with the desired performance and switching behavior. Here, by fabricating short channel (L ch ~ 20 nm) devices with a thin, high-κ gate dielectric and a 9-atom wide (0.95 nm) armchair graphene nanoribbon as the channel material, we demonstrate field-effect transistors with high on-current (I on > 1 µA at V d = -1 V) and high I on /I off ~ 105 at room temperature. We find that the performance of these devices is limited by tunneling through the Schottky barrier at the contacts and we observe an increase in the transparency of the barrier by increasing the gate field near the contacts. Our results thus demonstrate successful fabrication of high-performance short-channel field-effect transistors with bottom-up synthesized armchair graphene nanoribbons.Graphene nanoribbons show promise for high-performance field-effect transistors, however they often suffer from short lengths and wide band gaps. Here, the authors use a bottom-up synthesis approach to fabricate 9- and 13-atom wide ribbons, enabling short-channel transistors with 105 on-off current ratio.

Science ; 354(6308): 99-102, 2016 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27846499


Scaling of silicon (Si) transistors is predicted to fail below 5-nanometer (nm) gate lengths because of severe short channel effects. As an alternative to Si, certain layered semiconductors are attractive for their atomically uniform thickness down to a monolayer, lower dielectric constants, larger band gaps, and heavier carrier effective mass. Here, we demonstrate molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) transistors with a 1-nm physical gate length using a single-walled carbon nanotube as the gate electrode. These ultrashort devices exhibit excellent switching characteristics with near ideal subthreshold swing of ~65 millivolts per decade and an On/Off current ratio of ~106 Simulations show an effective channel length of ~3.9 nm in the Off state and ~1 nm in the On state.

Pers. bioet ; 3(7/8): 129-136, dic. 1999.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-358542