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1.
Chemistry ; 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32649799

RESUMO

We report a mononuclear iron(III) porphyrin compound exhibiting unexpectedly slow magnetic relaxation which is a characteristic of single-ion magnet behaviour. This behaviour originates from the close proximity (≈ 550 cm -1 ) of the intermediate-spin S = 3/2 excited states to the high-spin S = 5/2 ground state. More quantitatively, although the ground state is mostly S = 5/2, a spin-admixture model evidences a sizable contribution (≈ 15%) of S = 3/2 to the ground state, which as a consequence experiences large and positive axial anisotropy ( D = +19.2 cm -1 ). Frequency-domain EPR allowed us to directly access the m S = |±1/2〉 → |±3/2〉 transitions, thus unambiguously measuring the very large zero-field splitting (ZFS) in this 3d 5 system. Other experimental results including magnetization, Mössbauer, and field-domain EPR (HFEPR) studies are consistent with this model, which is also supported by theoretical calculations.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 49(26): 9155-9163, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578628

RESUMO

Two one-dimensional dysprosium(iii) complexes based on α-glycine (gly) and ß-alanine (ß-ala) amino acids, with the formula {[Dy2(gly)6(H2O)4](ClO4)6·5H2O}n (1) and {[Dy2(ß-ala)6(H2O)4](ClO4)6·H2O}n (2), have been synthesised and characterised structurally and magnetically. Both compounds crystallise in the triclinic system with the space group P1[combining macron]. In 1, two DyIII ions are eight-coordinate and bound to six oxygen atoms from six gly ligands and two oxygen atoms from two water molecules, showing different geometries (bicapped trigonal prism and square antiprism). In 2, two DyIII ions are nine-coordinate and bound to seven oxygen atoms from six ß-ala ligands and two oxygen atoms from two water molecules in the same geometry (capped square antiprism). In the crystal packing of both compounds, cationic {[Dy2(L)6(H2O)4]6+}n [L = α-glycine (1) and ß-alanine (2)] chains, ClO4- anions, and water molecules generate a network connected through H-bonding interactions. The study of the magnetic properties of 1 and 2 through dc magnetic susceptibility measurements reveals different magnetic behaviour 1 and 2. In addition, ac magnetic susceptibility measurements show a field-induced slow relaxation of magnetisation for both compounds, pointing out that the single-molecule magnet (SMM) phenomenon occurs in both 1 and 2.

3.
Dalton Trans ; 48(46): 17266-17280, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713552

RESUMO

Substituted pyrazines were successfully used to prepare two new coordination polymers of formulas {[Co(dca)2(NH2pyz)2]·H2O}n (1) and [Co3(dca)6(HOpyz)5(H2O)2]n (2) [dca = dicyanamide, NH2pyz = 2-aminopyrazine and HOpyz = 2-hydroxypyrazine] whose structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The structure of 1 consists of a two-dimensional rhombus grid of cobalt(ii) ions where the dca ligand adopts the µ1,5 bridging mode with trans-positioned monodentate NH2pyz molecules completing the six-coordination around each metal ion. Compound 2 exhibits a stair-like two-dimensional structure where the intralayer connections are performed by the dca and HOpyz groups exhibiting µ1,5 and bis-monodentate coordination modes, respectively. The values of the cobalt-cobalt separation through the dca bridges are 8.2107(3) (1) and 8.4746(4) and 8.5249(4) Å (2) whereas the value through the hydroxypyrazine is 7.2052(6) Å (2). Solid-state direct-current magnetic susceptibility analyses in the temperature range of 1.9-300 K for 1 and 2 reveal the occurrence of magnetically isolated high-spin cobalt(ii) ions with a significant contribution to the magnetic moment (1 and 2), D = +95.4 (1) and +76.5 cm-1 (2) and the antiferromagnetically coupled pairs of cobalt(ii) centres through the bis-monodentate 2-hydroxypyrazine, J = -0.3 cm-1 (2). Both compounds exhibit frequency dependence of the out-of-phase alternating current (ac) magnetic susceptibility (χ''M) under non-zero applied dc fields, a feature which is characteristic of single-ion magnet behaviour (SIM). Q-band EPR studies on the polycrystalline samples of 1 and 2 at low temperatures confirm the positive sign of D and reveal the occurrence of a strong asymmetry in the g-tensors. Theoretical calculations by CASSCF/NEVPT2 support these results. An analysis of the dynamic behaviour of 1 and 2 suggests that the relaxation of the magnetization occurs in the ground state under applied fields through two Orbach processes possibly bound to low-lying vibrational modes in the high temperature range, and to the slowing down of the fast interconversion between the two contributions of the ground Kramers doublet at lower temperatures induced by the applied dc field.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 58(21): 14498-14506, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621305

RESUMO

Achieving fine control on the structure of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is mandatory to obtain target physical properties. Herein, we present how the combination of a metalloligand approach and a postsynthetic method is a suitable and highly useful synthetic strategy to success on this extremely difficult task. First, a novel oxamato-based tetranuclear cobalt(III) compound with a tetrahedron-shaped geometry is used, for the first time, as the metalloligand toward calcium(II) metal ions to lead to a diamagnetic CaII-CoIII three-dimensional (3D) MOF (1). In a second stage, in a single-crystal-to-single-crystal manner, the calcium(II) ions are replaced by terbium(III), dysprosium(III), holmium(III), and erbium(III) ions to yield four isostructural novel LnIII-CoIII [Ln = Tb (2), Dy (3), Ho (4), and Er (5)] 3D MOFs. Direct-current magnetic properties for 2-5 show typical performances for the ground-state terms of the lanthanoid cations [7F6 (TbIII), 6H15/2 (DyIII), 5I8 (HoIII), and 4I15/2 (ErIII)]. Analysis of the χMT data indicates that the ground state is the lowest MJ value, that is, MJ = 0 (2 and 4) and ±1/2 (3 and 5). Kramers' ions (3 and 5) exhibit field-induced emergent frequency-dependent alternating-current magnetic susceptibility signals, which is indicative of the presence of slow magnetic relaxation typical of single-molecule magnets.

5.
Inorg Chem ; 58(22): 15359-15370, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657914

RESUMO

Electrocrystallization of the bis(ethylenedithio)tetrathiafulvalene (BEDT-TTF) organic donor in the presence of the [Fe(ClCNAn)3]3- tris(chlorocyananilato)ferrate(III) paramagnetic anion in different stoichiometric ratios and solvent mixtures afforded two different hybrid systems formulated as [BEDT-TTF]4[Fe(ClCNAn)3]·3H2O (1) and [BEDT-TTF]5[Fe(ClCNAn)3]2·2CH3CN (2) (An = anilato). Compounds 1 and 2 present unusual structures without the typical segregated organic and inorganic layers, where layers of 1 are formed by Λ and Δ enantiomers of the anionic paramagnetic complex together with mixed-valence BEDT-TTF tetramers, while layers of 2 are formed by Λ and Δ enantiomers of the paramagnetic complex together with dicationic BEDT-TTF dimers and monomers. Compounds 1 and 2 show semiconducting behaviors with room-temperature conductivities of ca. 6 × 10-3 S cm-1 (ambient pressure) and 1 × 10-3 S cm-1 (under applied pressure of 12.1 GPa), respectively, due to strong dimerization between the donors. Magnetic measurements performed on compound 1 indicate weak antiferromagnetic coupling between high-spin FeIII (SFe = 5/2) and mixed-valence radical cation diyads (BEDT-TTF)2+ (Srad = 1/2) mediated by the anilate ligands, together with an important Pauli paramagnetism typical for conducting systems.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 48(31): 11862-11871, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305843

RESUMO

The successful utilization of the "direct synthesis" approach yielded the unprecedented hexanuclear complex of formula [Co2MnMn(L1)4Cl2(µ3-O)2(dmf)4]·2dmf (1) (H3L is the Schiff base derived from the condensation of salicylaldehyde and 3-aminopropane-1,2-diol). Single crystal X-ray analysis revealed that 1 crystallizes in the monoclinic system P21/c and it contains a rare mixed-valence {CoMnMn(µ2-O)8(µ3-O)2} core where all metal ions are linked through the phenolato and alkoxo groups of the L3- ligand. Besides the charge balance resulting from the X-ray structure, the oxidation state of the metal ions has been confirmed by XPS spectroscopy. Cryomagnetic studies indicate the coexistence of ferro- (MnIV-MnII, J2 = +1.10(3) cm-1, J3 = +2.19(3) cm-1; MnII-MnII, j = +0.283(3) cm-1) and antiferromagnetic interactions (MnIV-MnIV, J1 = -17.31(4) cm-1), with the six-coordinate CoIII ions being diamagnetic. DFT type calculations were carried out to substantiate these values. The energy diagram for the different spin states using the best-fit parameters shows the occurrence of six low-lying spin states (S = 0-5) which are close in energy but clearly separated from the remaining ones, with the ground spin state being S = 5. Complex 1 is found to be the first example where weak ferromagnetic exchange between MnII ions through the long -O-MnIV-O- pathway takes place.

7.
Dalton Trans ; 48(27): 10260-10274, 2019 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204755

RESUMO

We herein present the synthesis, spectroscopic analysis, description of the crystal structures and magnetic properties of four new complexes of the formula [{Cu(opba)(H2O)1.2}{Cu(dmphen)(SCN)}2]·dmf (1), [{Cu(opba)}2{Cu(dmphen)Cl}4]·1.5dmf·2.5dmso (2), [{Cu(opba)}2{Cu(dmphen)Br}4]·dmf·2.3dmso (3) and [{Cu(opba)}{Cu(dmphen)(dca)}2]n (4) [H4opba = N,N'-1,2-phenylenebis(oxamic acid), dmphen = 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline and dca = dicyanamide anion]. 1 is a neutral tricopper(ii) complex where an inner [Cu(opba)]2- fragment adopts a bis-bidentate coordination mode towards two outer [Cu(dmphen)(NCS)]+ units. 2 and 3 are bis-trinuclear species where two oxamato-bridged [Cu(opba){Cu(dmphen)X}2] [X = Cl- (2) and Br- (3)] tricopper(ii) entities are connected by two single X ions involving the central and one of the peripheral copper(ii) ions. 4 is a neutral chain made up of oxamato-bridged [Cu(opba){Cu(dmphen)(dca)}2] fragments linked through a single end-to-end dicyanamide ligand that connects the central copper(ii) ion with one of the peripheral copper(ii) ions. Magnetic susceptibility measurements on polycrystalline samples of 1-4 in the temperature range 1.9-300 K show the occurrence of strong antiferromagnetic interactions between the copper(ii) ions through the oxamate bridge [J = -328(2) (1), -288(2) (2), -431(2) (3) and -370(1) cm-1 (4), the Hamiltonian being defined as H = -J(S1·S2 + S1·S3)] and a weak ferromagnetic coupling across the equatorial-axial exchange pathway provided by the single halide bridge [j = +3.08(3) (2) and +2.34(1) cm-1 (3)]. These values are analyzed by simple orbital symmetry considerations and compared with those reported in the literature for polynuclear copper(ii) complexes with these bridging ligands.

8.
Inorg Chem ; 58(12): 8086-8099, 2019 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31136160

RESUMO

Supported by endogenous (part of the ligand, in-built) phenoxo bridges provided by the ligand 2,6-bis[{{(5-bromo-2-hydroxybenzyl)}{(2-(pyridylethyl)}amino}methyl]-4-methylphenol) (H3L), in its deprotonated form, exogenous (not part of the ligand, externally added or generated) oxo-/hydroxo- and acetato-bridged [FeII4FeIII2(O)2(O2CMe)4(L)2]·4Et2O (1) and [FeIII4(OH)2(O2CMe)3(L)2](ClO4)·3MeCN·2H2O (2) coordination clusters have been synthesized and structurally characterized. Complexes 1 and 2 have µ4-O and µ3-OH bridges, respectively. Magnetic studies on 1 reveal slow magnetic relaxation below 2 K. Both in-phase ( χ'M) and out-of-phase (χ″M) magnetic susceptibility were found to be frequency dependent. This is typical of a single-molecule magnet (SMM) with τ0 = 1.9(2) × 10-7 s-1 and Ea = 5.1(3) cm-1. Assuming that Ea corresponds to the energy splitting of the ground spin state ( S = 2) by the zero-filed-splitting (zfs), Ea = 4| D| ( D is the axial zfs parameter), D ≈ - 1.3 cm-1 could be estimated. For 2, three types of magnetic interactions are observed: JA = -56.5(3), JB = -71.6(4), and JC = +4.5(2) cm-1. Considering the observed structural parameters, the magnetic behavior for both of the coordination clusters 1 and 2 has been rationalized.

9.
Dalton Trans ; 48(22): 7532-7536, 2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066421

RESUMO

Two new examples of cyanido-bridged {FeIIILnIII}2 molecular squares, with pyim and PPh3O as capping ligands at the LnIII sites, exhibit weak antiferromagnetic interactions [Ln = Eu (1), Sm (2), pyim = 2-(1H-imidazol-2-yl)pyridine, PPh3PO = triphenylphosphine oxide].

10.
Inorg Chem ; 58(9): 6246-6256, 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30997801

RESUMO

Three Co(II) metal-organic frameworks, namely, {[Co2(L)2(OBA)2(H2O)4]· xG} n (1), {[Co(L)0.5(OBA)]· xG} n (2), and {[Co2(L)2(OBA)2(H2O)]·DMA· xG} n (3) [where L = 2,5-bis(3-pyridyl)-3,4-diaza-2,4-hexadiene, H2OBA = 4,4'-oxybisbenzoic acid, DMF = dimethylformamide, DMA = dimethylacetamide, and G denotes disordered guest molecules], have been synthesized under diverse reaction conditions through self-assembly of a bent dicarboxylate and a linear spacer with a Co(II) ion. While 1 is crystallized at room temperature in DMF to form a 2D layer structure, 2 is formed by the assembly of similar components under solvothermal conditions with a 3D network structure. On the other hand, changing the solvent to DMA, 3 could be crystallized at room temperature with a 3D architecture. Out of the three, activated sample 2 was found to be permanently microporous in nature, with a BET surface area of 385 m2/g, and exhibited moderately high uptake capacity for C2H2 and CO2 while taking up much less CH4 and N2 at ambient conditions. As a result, high ideal adsorbed solution theory (IAST) separation selectivities are obtained for CO2/N2 (15:85), CO2/CH4 (50:50), and C2H2/CH4 (50:50) gas mixtures, making 2 a potential candidate for those important gas separations at ambient conditions. Moreover, the magnetic properties of 1-3 were studied. 1 and 2 show antiferromagnetic interaction between the Co(II) centers, whereas 3 displays ferromagnetic behavior arising from a counter-complementary effect between two types of links among Co(II) centers in 3.

11.
Dalton Trans ; 48(5): 1795-1813, 2019 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30644480

RESUMO

Using a potentially tridentate o-aminophenol-based redox-active ligand H2L1 (2-[2-(benzylthio)phenylamino]-4,6-di-tert-butylphenol) in its deprotonated form, [Cu(L1)2] has been synthesized and crystallized as [CuII(L1)2]·CH2Cl2 (1·CH2Cl2). A cyclic voltammetry experiment (in CH2Cl2; V vs. SCE (saturated calomel electrode)) on 1·CH2Cl2 exhibits two oxidative (E = 0.20 V (peak-to-peak separation, ΔEp = 100 mV) and E = 0.90 V (ΔEp = 140 mV)) and two reductive (E = -0.52 V (ΔEp = 110 mV) and E = -0.92 V (ΔEp = 120 mV)) responses. Upon oxidation using a stoichiometric amount of [FeIII(η5-C5H5)2](PF6), 1·CH2Cl2 yielded [Cu(L1)2](PF6) (2). Structural analysis (100 K) reveals that 1·CH2Cl2 is a four-coordinate bis(iminosemiquinonato)copper(ii) complex (CuN2O2 coordination), and that the thioethers remain uncoordinated. The twisted geometry of 1 (distorted tetrahedral) results in considerable changes in the electronic structure, compared to well-known square-planar analogues. Crystallographic analysis of 2 both at 100 K and at 293 K reveals that it is effectively a four-coordinate complex with a CuN2OS coordination; however, a substantial interaction with the other phenolate O is observed. The metal-ligand bond distances and metric parameters associated with the o-aminophenolate rings indicate a valence-tautomeric (VT) equilibrium involving monocationic (iminosemiquinonato)(iminoquinone)copper(ii) and bis(iminoquinone)copper(i). Complex 1·CH2Cl2 is a three-spin system and a magnetic study (4-300 K) established that it has a S = 1/2 ground-state, owing to the strong antiferromagnetic coupling between the unpaired spin of the copper(ii) and the iminosemiquinonate(1-) π-radical anion. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectral studies corroborate this result. Complex 2 is diamagnetic and the existence of VT in 2 was probed using variable-temperature (248-328 K) 1H NMR and EPR (100-298 K) spectral measurements and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic studies at 298 K. Remarkably, modification of the well-studied 2-anilino-4,6-di-tert-butylphenol by incorporation of a benzylthioether arm leads to the occurrence of VT in 2. The electronic structure of 1·CH2Cl2 and 2 has been assigned using density functional theory (DFT) calculations at the B3LYP-D3 level of theory. Time-dependent (TD)-DFT calculations have been performed to elucidate the origin of the observed UV-VIS-NIR absorptions.

12.
Dalton Trans ; 48(4): 1404-1417, 2019 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30623959

RESUMO

The preparation, X-ray crystal structure, spectroscopic and variable-temperature dc and ac magnetic properties of two six-coordinate cobalt(ii) complexes of formula [Co(bim)4(tcm)2] (1) and [Co(bmim)4(tcm)2] (2) (bim = 1-benzylimidazole, bmim = 1-benzyl-2-methylbenzimidazole and tcm- = tricyanomethanide ion) are reported. 1 and 2 crystallize in the monoclinic P21/n and C2/c space groups with the asymmetric units composed of one tcm- ion and half the [Co(bim)4]2+ and [Co(bmim)4]2+ complex cations, respectively. Their cobalt atoms are in compressed (1)/rhombic (2) CoN6 octahedral environments, the axial positions being occupied by monodentate tricyanomethanide anions. The neutral molecules in 1 are linked through weak C-HN type interactions into supramolecular chains, which are further interconnected into supramolecular 2D motifs by C-Hπ stacking. No short intermolecular interactions occur in 2. The values of the shortest intermolecular cobalt-cobalt separation are 10.901(1) (1) and 10.577(3) Å (2). Detailed ac and dc magnetic studies indicate that 1 and 2 are field-induced single-ion magnets (SIMs) with D = +46.1 (1)/+80.1 cm-1 (2) thus presenting new examples of SIMs with transversal magnetic anisotropy. Theoretical calculations by CASSCF/NEVPT2 support these results and suggest that the relaxation of the magnetization occurs in the ground state under applied fields through two Orbach processes possibly bound to low-lying vibrational modes. Q-band EPR study for polycrystalline samples 1 and 2 at low temperatures confirms the positive sign of D, allows the rough estimation of the E/D ratio [0.144 (1) and 0.180 (2)] and reveals the occurrence of a strong asymmetry in the g-tensors. The values found for the spin-reversal barrier, Ea ≈ 28 and 11 cm-1 (1) and 20 and 9 cm-1 (2), are within the range of those found in other cobalt(ii) field-induced SIMs with a pseudooctahedral trans-CoN4N'2 chromophore.

13.
Dalton Trans ; 47(47): 17086-17101, 2018 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30465680

RESUMO

Aerobic reaction of the ligand H2L1, 2-(2-phenylazo)-anilino-4,6-di-tert-butylphenol, CoCl2·6H2O and Et3N in MeOH under refluxing conditions produces, after work-up and recrystallization, black crystals of [Co(L1)2] (1). When examined by cyclic voltammetry, 1 displays in CH2Cl2 three one-electron redox responses: two oxidative, E11/2 = 0.30 V (peak-to-peak separation, ΔEp = 100 mV) and E21/2 = 1.04 V (ΔEp = 120 mV), and one reductive E1/2 = -0.27 V (ΔEp = 120 mV) vs. SCE. Consequently, 1 is chemically oxidized by 1 equiv. of [FeIII(η5-C5H5)2][PF6], affording the isolation of deep purple crystals of [Co(L1)2][PF6]·2CH2Cl2 (2), and one-electron reduction with [CoII(η5-C5H5)2] yielded bluish-black crystals of [CoIII(η5-C5H5)2][Co(L1)2]·MeCN (3). A solid sample of 1 exhibits temperature-independent (50-300 K) magnetism, revealing the presence of a free radical (S = 1/2), which exhibits an isotropic EPR signal (g = 2.003) at 298 K and at 77 K an eight-line feature characteristic of hyperfine-interaction of the radical with the Co (I = 7/2) nucleus. Based on X-ray structural parameters of 1-3 at 100 K, magnetic and EPR spectral behaviour of 1, and variable-temperature (233-313 K) 1H NMR spectral features of 1-3 and 13C NMR spectra at 298 K of 2 and 3 in CDCl3 point to the electronic structure of the complexes as either [CoIII{(LAP)2-}{(LISQ)}˙-] or [CoIII{(L1)2}˙3-] (delocalized nature favours the latter description) (1), [CoIII{(LISQ)˙-}2][PF6]·2CH2Cl2 (2) and [CoIII(η5-C5H5)2][CoIII{(LAP)2-}2]·MeCN (3) [(LAP)2- and (LISQ)˙- represent the redox-level of coordinated ligands o-amidophenolate(2-) ion and o-iminobenzosemiquinonate(1-) π-radical ion, respectively]. Notably, all the observed redox processes are ligand-centred. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that six-coordinate complexes of a common tridentate o-aminophenolate-based ligand have been structurally characterized for the parent 1, its monocation 2 and the monoanion 3 counterparts. Temperature-dependent 1H NMR spectra reveal the existence of valence-tautomeric equilibria in 1-3. Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations at the B3LYP-level of theory corroborate the electronic structural assignment of 1-3 from experimental data. The origins of the observed UV-VIS-NIR absorptions for 1-3 have been assigned, based on time-dependent (TD)-DFT calculations.

14.
Dalton Trans ; 47(33): 11539-11553, 2018 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30079914

RESUMO

Three heterobimetallic complexes of formula [Ca2Cu3(mpyba)2(2-apyma)(H2O)7]·8.3H2O (1), [Sr2Cu3(mpyba)2(2-apyma)(H2O)8]·11.6H2O (2) and [Sr4.5Cu4(mpyba)4(ox)(H2O)20]·8.5H2O (3) [H4mpyba = N,N'-2,6-pyridinebis(oxamic acid), 2-apyma = 2-(6-aminopyridinyl)oxamate and ox = oxalate] have been synthesized and structurally characterized. Complexes 1 and 2 are isostructural compounds, with tricopper(ii) units having mpyba and its hydrolytic product (2-apyma) as ligands. They are interlinked through strontium(ii) (1) and calcium(ii) (2) ions to afford neutral two-dimensional networks. Two of the copper(ii) ions are five-coordinate in distorted square pyramidal (Cu3) and trigonal bipyramidal (Cu1) surroundings, whereas the other (Cu2) is six-coordinate in an elongated octahedral environment. The main difference between their structures, apart from the number of water molecules, resides in the nature of the alkaline earth cation coordinated to the oxamate fragments, Sr2+ (1)/Ca2+ (2), which exhibit eight and seven coordination, respectively. The π-π interactions and an extensive network of hydrogen bonds in 1 and 2 lead to supramolecular 3D structures. The relatively small size of their cavities, in the micropore domain, hinders the inclusion of N2 but allows CO2 adsorption (0.45 and 0.52 mmol g-1 for 1 and 2, respectively). The structure of 3 is made up of [3,3] metallacyclophane-type motifs, having the formula [Cu2(mpyba)2(H2O)2]4-. These act as tetrakis(bidentate) ligands towards the strontium(ii) ions (Sr1, Sr2 and Sr3), leading to a sheet-like polymer growing in the bc plane, which extends further along the crystallographic a axis by a bis(chelating) oxalate between the Sr1 atoms. The investigation of the magnetic properties of 1-3 in the temperature range 1.9-300 K shows the occurrence of an overall antiferromagnetic behaviour for 1 and 2 [J12 = J23 = -9.71(2) (1) and -10.81(5) cm-1 (2), with the Hamiltonian being defined as H = -J12S1·S2 - J23S2·S3 + gßH[S1 + S2 + S3], and a ferromagnetic coupling within the dicopper(ii) metallacylophane unit of 3 [J = +1.86(1) cm-1 through the Hamiltonian H = -JS1·S2 + gßH(S1 + S2)]. Simple orbital symmetry considerations (1-3) and the spin polarization mechanism (3) account for the observed magnetic properties.

15.
Dalton Trans ; 47(17): 6005-6017, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29666870

RESUMO

A new series of {FeIII2LnIII2} heterobimetallic squares of general formula [FeIII{HB(pz)3}(CN)(µ-CN)2Ln(pyim)x(NO3)2(H2O)y]2·zH2O [Ln = La (1), Gd (2), Tb (3) and Dy (4); {HB(pz)3}- = hydrotris(pyrazolyl)borate and pyim = 2-(1H-imidazol-2-yl)pyridine; x = 2, y = 0 (1), x = y = 1 (2-4) and z = 10 (1), 6 (2), 2.76 (3), 4 (4)] were synthesized by reacting the low-spin [FeIII{HB(pz)3}(CN)3]- complex anion with the preformed [LnIII(pyim)x(NO3)2(H2O)y]+ complex cation [formed in situ by mixing the lanthanide(iii) salt and the pyim ligand]. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction shows that 1-4 crystallize in the P1[combining macron] triclinic space group, 2-4 being isomorphous. In all cases, the structure comprises neutral cyanido-bridged {FeIII2LnIII2} molecular squares in which two [FeIII{HB(pz)3}(CN)3]- units act as bis-monodentate ligands towards two [LnIII(pyim)x(NO3)2(H2O)y]+ moieties through two of the three cyanide groups. The iron(iii) and lanthanide(iii) cations regularly alternate in the corners of the square and the edges are defined by the cyanide bridges. Each iron(iii) ion in 1-4 is six-coordinate in a distorted octahedral surrounding with a tridentate tris(pyrazolyl)borate ligand and three cyanide groups in an approximately C3v symmetry. The lanthanum(iii) ion in 1 is ten-coordinate in a rare distorted sphenocorona environment, while the lanthanide(iii) ions in 2-4 are all nine-coordinate with a muffin-like geometry. The values of the FeIIILnIII distances across the cyanide bridges are 5.579(1) and 5.687(1) Å (1), 5.4695(20) and 5.4781(29) Å (2), 5.4550(12) and 5.4464(14) Å (3), 5.4463(10) and 5.4478(12) Å (4). The tetranuclear units in 1-4 are further interconnected through hydrogen bonds, π-π stacking and very weak C-Hπ type interactions leading to supramolecular three-dimensional networks with different topologies. Solid-state direct-current magnetic susceptibility analyses in the temperature range 1.9-300 K reveal the occurrence of weak intra- and intermolecular antiferromagnetic interactions in 1 [JFeFe' = -2.32(3) cm-1, gFe = 2.198(4), θ = -0.650(7) K and χTIP = 266(5) × 10-6 cm3 mol-1, the Hamiltonian being defined as H = -JFeFe'SFeSFe' + gßH(SFe + SFe')] and 2 [JFeFe' = -2.06(3) cm-1, JFeGd = -0.210(4) cm-1, gFe = 2.23(1), gGd = 2.0 (fixed), θ = -0.450(5) K and χTIP = 280(5) × 10-6 cm3 mol-1]. The coexistence of the spin-orbit coupling of the low-spin iron(iii) and lanthanide(iii) ions [TbIII (3) and DyIII (4)], together with the ligand field effects, masked the visualization of the possible magnetic interactions in 3 and 4. The small antiferromagnetic couplings in 1 and 2 are in line with previously reported weak antiferromagnetic interactions for these couples of ions through single cyanide bridges.

16.
Dalton Trans ; 47(4): 1010-1013, 2018 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29265158

RESUMO

A one-pot synthesis of a 3d-3d'-3d'' heterotrimetallic coordination polymer with double diphenoxido, single cyanido and bis-bidentate oxalate as alternating bridges which exhibits an overall antiferromagnetic behaviour has been developed.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 56(20): 12594-12605, 2017 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28952727

RESUMO

A new series of cyanido-bridged {LnIIIWV} heterobinuclear complexes of formula [LnIII(pyim)2(i-PrOH)(H2O)2(µ-CN)WV(CN)7]·2H2O [Ln = Gd (1), Tb (2), Dy (3), Ho (4), and Er (5); pyim = 2-(1H-imidazol-2-yl)-pyridine) and i-PrOH = isopropyl alcohol] were synthesized by one-pot reaction between (NH3Bu)3[W(CN)8] and [Ln(pyim)2]2+ complexes (generated in situ by mixing the corresponding LnIII ions and the pyim ligand). Compounds 1-5 are isomorphous and crystallize in the monoclinic system P21/n space group. Their crystal structure consists of binuclear units in which the octacyanotungstate(V) anion coordinates to the corresponding LnIII ion through a single cyanide ligand. The tungsten(V) and lanthanide(III) ions are eight-coordinated, in distorted square antiprism (WV) and distorted trigonal dodecahedron (LnIII) geometries, respectively. The direct-current (dc) magnetic properties for 1-5 reveal the occurrence of weak antiferromagnetic interactions between WV and LnIII cation, with 8S7/2, 7F6, 6H15/2, 5I8, and 4I15/2 as ground terms for GdIII, TbIII, DyIII HoIII, and ErIII, respectively [JWLn = -1.19(1) (1), -1.02(2) (2), -1.10(2) (3), -1.30(2) (4), and -1.50(3) cm-1 (5), the spin Hamiltonian being defined as H = -JWLn SW·SLn]. The fit of the χMT data of 2-4 points out a positive value for the energy gap between the ML components (Δ). This feature is corroborated by their Q-band electron paramagnetic resonance spectra at low temperature, which clearly show MJ = 0 (2 and 4) and ±1/2 (3 and 5). Incipient frequency-dependent alternating-current magnetic susceptibility signals are observed for 3 and 5 under applied dc fields supporting the presence of slow magnetic relaxation behavior, the blocking temperatures being below 2.0 K. This new series of {LnIIIWV} heterobinuclear compounds provides more insights into the exchange magnetic interaction between 5d and 4f centers via the cyanide-bridge, for which scarce information is available to date.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 56(11): 6281-6296, 2017 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28530402

RESUMO

The preparation and spectroscopic and structural characterization of three cobalt(II) complexes of formulas [Co(tppz)2](dca)2 (1), [Co(tppz)2][Co(NCS)4]·MeOH (2), and [Co(tppz)2][Co(NCO)4]·2H2O (3) [tppz = 2,3,5,6-tetrakis(2-pyridyl)pyrazine and dca = dicyanamide] are reported here. Compounds 1-3 have in common the presence of the cationic [Co(tppz)2]2+ entity where each mer-tridentate tppz ligand coordinates to the cobalt(II) ion equatorially through two pyridyl donors and axially via the pyrazine, completing the six-coordination. The electroneutrality is achieved by the organic dca group (1) and the anionic tetrakis(thiocyanato-κN)cobaltate(II) (2) and tetrakis(cyanato-κN)cobaltate(II) (3) complexes. Direct current (dc) magnetic susceptibility measurements of 1 in the temperature range 1.9-400 K show the occurrence of a thermally induced spin crossover behavior of the [Co(tppz)2]2+ unit from a high spin (S = 3/2) at higher temperatures to a low-spin (S = 1/2) at lower temperatures, with the low spin phase being reached at T ≤ 200 K. X-band electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements in solution at low temperatures were used to characterize the low spin state. An analytical expression based on the combination of the spin-orbit coupling and both first- and second-order Zeeman effects for a d7 electronic configuration was used to fit the magnetic data of 1, the values of the best-fit parameters being Cvib = 0.1367(9), λ = -168(2) cm-1, α = 1.12(1), Δ = 1626(15) cm-1, and gLS = 2.12(1). The magnetic behavior of the four-coordinate cobalt(II) ions [Co(NCS)4]2- (2) and [Co(NCO)4]2- (3) with a 4A2 ground state overlaps with the spin crossover of the [Co(tppz)2]2+ entity, the abrupt decrease of the χMT product below 15.0 K being due to zero-field splitting effects between the spin components |±1/2> and |±3/2>. The combined analysis of the dc magnetic data and the Q-band EPR spectra in the solid state of 2 and 3 led to the following sets of best-fit parameters: Cvib = 0.105(5), λ = -170(4) cm-1, α = 1.10(2), Δ = 1700(25) cm-1, gLS = 2.10(1), gHS = 2.27(1), and |D| = 3.80(2) cm-1 (2) and Cvib = 0.100(1), λ = -169(5) cm-1, α = 1.10(3), Δ = 1500(30) cm-1, gLS = 2.10(1), gHS = 2.28(1), and |D| = 4.30(2) cm-1 (3). Some evidence of slowing of the relaxation of the magnetization has been found in the out-of-phase ac signal at very low temperatures under applied dc fields of 0.1-0.4 T for 3, suggesting the occurrence of single-ion magnet behavior of its [Co(NCO)4]2- anionic entity.

19.
Dalton Trans ; 46(12): 4038-4054, 2017 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28271106

RESUMO

A µ-phenoxo-bis(µ2-1,3-acetato)-bridged dicopper(ii) complex [Cu(L1)(µ-O2CMe)2][NO3] (1) has been synthesized from the perspective of modeling phosphodiesterase activity. Structural characterization was done initially with 1·3Et2O (vapour diffusion of Et2O into MeOH solution of 1; poor crystal quality) and finally with its perchlorate salt [Cu(L1)(µ-O2CMe)2][ClO4]·1.375MeCN·0.25H2O, crystallized from vapour diffusion of n-pentane into a MeCN-MeOH mixture (comparatively better crystal quality). An asymmetric unit of such a crystal contains two independent molecules of compositions [Cu(L1)(µ-O2CMe)2][ClO4] and [Cu(L1)(µ-O2CMe)2(MeCN)][ClO4] (coordinated MeCN with 0.75 occupancy), and two molecules of MeCN and H2O (each H2O molecule with 0.25 occupancy) as the solvent of crystallization. These two cations, each having five-coordinate (µ-phenoxo)bis(µ-acetato)-bridged CuII ions, differ by only the coordination environment of only one CuII ion, which has a weakly coordinated acetonitrile molecule in its sixth position. Temperature-dependent magnetic studies on 1 reveal that the copper(ii) centres are antiferromagnetically coupled with the exchange-coupling constant J = -124(1) cm-1. Theoretically calculated J = -126.51 cm-1, employing a broken-symmetry DFT approach, is in excellent agreement with the experimental value. The dicopper(ii) complex has been found to be catalytically efficient in the hydrolysis of 2-hydroxypropyl-p-nitrophenylphosphate (HPNP). Detailed kinetic experiments and solution studies (potentiometry, species distribution and ESI-MS) were performed to elucidate the reaction mechanism. DFT calculations were performed to discriminate between different possible mechanistic pathways. The free-energy barrier for HPNP hydrolysis catalyzed by 1 is comparable to that obtained from the experimentally-determined value. The involvement of non-covalent (hydrogen-bonding) interaction has also been probed by DFT calculations. The activity of 1 is found to be the highest, compared to the structurally-characterized Mn, Co, Ni and Zn complexes of L1(-) reported earlier, under identical experimental conditions, in which each metal centre is six-coordinate.


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Cobre/química , Modelos Moleculares , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases/metabolismo , Materiais Biomiméticos/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Hidrólise , Cinética , Ligantes , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Conformação Molecular , Fosfatos/química , Temperatura
20.
Inorg Chem ; 56(4): 2108-2123, 2017 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28157308

RESUMO

In the series described in this work, the hydrothermal synthesis led to oxidation of the 5-methyl-pyrazinecarboxylate anion to the 2,5-pyrazinedicarboxylate dianion (2,5-pzdc) allowing the preparation of three-dimensional (3D) lanthanide(III) organic frameworks of formula {[Ln2(2,5-pzdc)3(H2O)4]·6H2O}n [Ln = Ce (1), Pr (2), Nd (3), and Eu (4)] and {[Er2(2,5-pzdc)3(H2O)4]·5H2O}n (5). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction on 1-5 reveals that they crystallize in the triclinic system, P1̅ space group with the series 1-4 being isostructural. The crystal structure of the five compounds are 3D with the lanthanide(III) ions linked through 2,5-pzdc2- dianions acting as two- and fourfold connectors, building a binodal 4,4-connected (4·648)(426282)-mog network. The photophysical properties of the Nd(III) (3) and Eu(III) (4) complexes exhibit sensitized photoluminescence in the near-infrared and visible regions, respectively. The photoluminescence intensity and lifetime of 4 were very sensitive due to the luminescence quenching of the 5D0 level by O-H oscillators of four water molecules in the first coordination sphere leading to a quantum efficiency of 11%. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements for 1-5 reveal behaviors as expected for the ground terms of the magnetically isolated rare-earth ions [2F5/2, 2H4, 4I9/2, 7F0, and 4I15/2 for Ce(III), Pr(III), Nd(III), Eu(III), and Er(III), respectively] with MJ = 0 (2 and 4) and ±1/2 (1, 3, and 5). Q-band electron paramagnetic resonance measurements at low temperature corroborate these facts. Frequency-dependent alternating-current magnetic susceptibility signals under external direct-current fields in the range of 100-2500 G were observed for the Kramers ions of 1, 3, and 5, indicating slow magnetic relaxation (single-ion magnet) behavior. In these compounds, τ-1 decreases with decreasing temperature at any magnetic field, but no Arrhenius law can simulate such a dependence in all the temperature range. This dependence can be reproduced by the contributions of direct and Raman processes, the Raman exponent (n) reaching the expected value (n = 9) for a Kramers system.

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