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1.
J Diabetes Sci Technol ; 8(3): 473-8, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24876608

RESUMO

Patients' knowledge of their insulin pumps and glucose control during hospitalization has not been studied. The aim was to study the determinants of glycemic control in patients using continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) in the hospital. Three groups of patients were identified: those who did not need any inpatient education and continued on CSII (gorup A), those who received education then continued on CSII (group B), and those for whom CSII was not appropriate and were treated with multiple daily insulin injections (gorup C). We compared the measures of glycemic control between the 3 groups and analyzed which variables impacted glucose control. There were 50 patients, with 51 hospital admissions, 57% males, mean age 48 ± 13 years, 86% had type 1 diabetes (T1DM). The mean DM duration was 26 ± 14 years, mean duration of CSII use was 8.7 ± 6 years, and mean HbA1c was 7.6 ± 1.4%. The mean duration of hospital stay was 5.6 ± 4.6 days. Mean blood glucose (BG) and frequency of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemic events among the 3 groups adjusted for their duration of hospital stay were not statistically different. None of the patients developed diabetic ketoacidosis while using their pump. Stepwise multivariate analysis revealed knowledge of hypoglycemia correction was the single most important predictor of mean BG (P < .001). Patients who received inpatient education performed similarly to patients who did not need inpatient education. Patients who receive inpatient education on CSII fare similar as patients who did not require inpatient education.


Assuntos
Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Sistemas de Infusão de Insulina , Insulina/administração & dosagem , Admissão do Paciente , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Hipoglicemia/induzido quimicamente , Hipoglicemia/prevenção & controle , Hipoglicemiantes/efeitos adversos , Infusões Subcutâneas , Insulina/efeitos adversos , Modelos Lineares , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
J Hosp Med ; 8(12): 721-7, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24227761

RESUMO

Patients on continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion, or insulin pumps, are increasingly seen in hospitals. Inpatient providers need to have a working knowledge of insulin pumps to be able to decide, in conjunction with the patient whenever feasible, whether or not pump use is to be continued in the hospital, to assist patients in adjusting insulin doses via continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion, to transition patients to multiple daily subcutaneous insulin dosing as appropriate, and to prevent or manage problems that might arise from improper handling of the insulin pump. Clinical vignettes with key points and strategies for patient care are discussed in this article.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Hospitalização , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Sistemas de Infusão de Insulina , Insulina/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Infusões Subcutâneas , Masculino
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