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1.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 7(6): 590-4, 2016 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27326332

RESUMO

BMS-711939 (3) is a potent and selective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) α agonist, with an EC50 of 4 nM for human PPARα and >1000-fold selectivity vs human PPARγ (EC50 = 4.5 µM) and PPARδ (EC50 > 100 µM) in PPAR-GAL4 transactivation assays. Compound 3 also demonstrated excellent in vivo efficacy and safety profiles in preclinical studies and thus was chosen for further preclinical evaluation. The synthesis, structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies, and in vivo pharmacology of 3 in preclinical animal models as well as its ADME profile are described.

2.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 20(9): 2933-7, 2010 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20356736

RESUMO

The synthesis and follow-up SAR studies of our development candidate 1 by incorporating 2-aryl-4-oxazolylmethoxy and 2-aryl-4-thiazolylmethoxy moieties into the oxybenzylglycine framework of the PPARalpha/gamma dual agonist muraglitazar is described. SAR studies indicate that different substituents on the aryloxazole/thiazole moieties as well as the choice of carbamate substituent on the glycine moiety can significantly modulate the selectivity of PPARalpha versus PPARgamma. Potent, highly selective PPARalpha activators 2a and 2l, as well as PPARalpha activators with significant PPARgamma activity, such as 2s, were identified. The in vivo pharmacology of these compounds in preclinical animal models as well as their ADME profiles are discussed.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/síntese química , Glicina/análogos & derivados , PPAR alfa/agonistas , PPAR gama/agonistas , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacocinética , Sítios de Ligação , Cricetinae , Cristalografia por Raios X , Glicina/síntese química , Glicina/farmacocinética , Humanos , Masculino , PPAR alfa/metabolismo , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
3.
J Med Chem ; 53(7): 2854-64, 2010 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20218621

RESUMO

An 1,3-oxybenzylglycine based compound 2 (BMS-687453) was discovered to be a potent and selective peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) alpha agonist, with an EC(50) of 10 nM for human PPARalpha and approximately 410-fold selectivity vs human PPARgamma in PPAR-GAL4 transactivation assays. Similar potencies and selectivity were also observed in the full length receptor co-transfection assays. Compound 2 has negligible cross-reactivity against a panel of human nuclear hormone receptors including PPARdelta. Compound 2 demonstrated an excellent pharmacological and safety profile in preclinical studies and thus was chosen as a development candidate for the treatment of atherosclerosis and dyslipidemia. The X-ray cocrystal structures of the early lead compound 12 and compound 2 in complex with PPARalpha ligand binding domain (LBD) were determined. The role of the crystal structure of compound 12 with PPARalpha in the development of the SAR that ultimately resulted in the discovery of compound 2 is discussed.


Assuntos
Descoberta de Drogas , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Oxazóis/química , Oxazóis/farmacologia , PPAR alfa/agonistas , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Cricetinae , Cristalografia por Raios X , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Glicina/síntese química , Glicina/química , Glicina/farmacologia , Glicina/toxicidade , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Oxazóis/síntese química , Oxazóis/toxicidade , PPAR alfa/química , PPAR alfa/genética , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Especificidade por Substrato , Ativação Transcricional/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther ; 327(3): 716-26, 2008 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18799592

RESUMO

The first generation peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha agonist gemfibrozil reduces the risk of major cardiovascular events; therefore, more potent PPARalpha agonists for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases have been actively sought. We describe two novel, potent oxybenzylglycine PPARalpha-selective agonists, BMS-687453 [N-[[3-[[2-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-methyl-4-oxazolyl]methoxy]phenyl]methyl]-N-(methoxycarbonyl)-glycine] and BMS-711939 N-[[5-[[2-(4-chlorophenyl)-5-methyl-4-oxazolyl]methoxy]-2-fluorophenyl]methyl]-N-(methoxycarbonyl)-glycine], that robustly increase apolipoprotein (Apo) A1 and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in human ApoA1 transgenic mice and lower low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol and triglycerides in fat-fed hamsters. These compounds have much lower potency against mouse PPARalpha than human PPARalpha; therefore, they were tested in PPARalpha-humanized mice that do not express murine PPARalpha but express human PPARalpha selectively in the liver. We developed hepatic gene induction as a novel biomarker for efficacy and demonstrate hepatic gene induction at very low doses of these compounds. BMS-711939 induces fecal cholesterol excretion, which is further increased upon cotreatment with a liver X receptor (LXR) agonist. It is surprising that this synergistic increase upon coadministration is also observed in mice that express PPARalpha in the liver only. BMS-711939 also prevented the LXR agonist-induced elevation of serum triglycerides. Such PPARalpha agonists could be attractive candidates to explore for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, especially in combination with a suitable LXR agonist.


Assuntos
Colesterol/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/agonistas , Lipoproteínas HDL/sangue , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , PPAR alfa/agonistas , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/agonistas , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Animais , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Receptores X do Fígado , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Receptores Nucleares Órfãos , Ativação Transcricional/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(12): 3545-50, 2008 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18511276

RESUMO

Several series of substituted dehydropiperidine and piperidine-4-carboxylic acid analogs have been designed and synthesized as novel, potent dual PPARalpha/gamma agonists. The SAR of these series of analogs is discussed. A rare double bond migration occurred during the basic hydrolysis of the alpha,beta-unsaturated dehydropiperidine esters 12, and the structures of the migration products were confirmed through a series of 2D NMR experiments.


Assuntos
Ácidos Carboxílicos , PPAR alfa/agonistas , PPAR gama/agonistas , Piperidinas , Ligação Competitiva/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácidos Carboxílicos/síntese química , Ácidos Carboxílicos/química , Ácidos Carboxílicos/farmacologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Desenho de Drogas , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Estrutura Molecular , Piperidinas/síntese química , Piperidinas/química , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Estereoisomerismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
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