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1.
Chronic Illn ; : 1742395320928389, 2020 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32483997

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the recruitment strategies and lessons learned when enrolling African American parents/caregivers of school-aged children (ages 6-12 years) in an online survey of physical activity. With physical activity serving as a modifiable behavioral risk factor for several chronic diseases (obesity and cardiovascular diseases), little is understood regarding the influences on African Americans' physical activity participation to develop culturally appropriate physical activity interventions. Gaining a better understanding of physical activity influences is possible through research, yet recruiting and enrolling African Americans in health research is a challenge. METHODS: Over a three-month period, a multidimensional approach (distribution of flyers, community partnerships, network sampling, African American researcher, effective communication, and data collection procedures) was used for study recruitment. RESULTS: We exceeded our recruitment goal of 105 participants. A total of 127 African American parent/caregivers of school-aged children enrolled, which included both females/mothers (n = 87, 69%) and males/fathers (n = 40, 31%). Network sampling was the single most effective recruitment strategy for reaching this population. Lessons learned in this study includes considering participant burden and their comfort with technology, as well as gaining community trust. DISCUSSION: Lessons learned in recruiting African American parents provides a guide for future research. Efforts are needed to further increase the representation of African American males in health research.

2.
Dermatology ; 236(2): 90-96, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous cross-sectional research indicates high acceptance of mobile teledermoscopy-enhanced skin self-examination (SSE) by consumers based on the technology acceptance model (TAM) domains: perceived usefulness, ease of use, compatibility, attitude and intention, subjective norms, facilitator, and trust. However, no study has assessed this outcome longitudinally among people who actually used the technology in their own homes. METHODS: Participants were living in Brisbane, Australia, aged 18 years or older, and at high risk of skin cancer. Participants randomly assigned to the intervention group (n = 98) completed a self-administered questionnaire on mobile teledermoscopy acceptance for skin cancer detection both before use and after performing mobile teledermoscopy-enhanced SSE in their homes. The survey included a 25-item scale assessing seven TAM domains. Item scores ranged from 5 (strongly agree) to 1 (strongly disagree). Participants also answered survey questions on satisfaction with use of teledermoscopy, and a 9-item "thoughts about melanoma" scale that measures cancer worry. RESULTS: Participants were 19-73 years old, had high skin cancer risk, blue or grey eyes (53.1%), fair or very fair skin (88.8%), and previous skin cancer treatments (61.2%). Participants were more accepting of mobile teledermoscopy at baseline: mean TAM score of 4.15 (SE 0.05); their level of acceptance decreased significantly after teledermoscopy use: mean score 3.94 (SE 0.05; p = 0.001). In linear regression analysis, the decrease in TAM scores was similar across demographic and skin cancer risk categories. Ninety-two percent (n = 90) of participants agreed that mobile teledermoscopy was easy to use. The mean score of the "thoughts about melanoma" scale did not change significantly from baseline to follow-up. CONCLUSION: Consumers had high TAM scores before they used mobile teledermoscopy within a randomised control trial. At the end of the intervention period, TAM scores decreased, although participants' average score still indicated "agreement" that mobile teledermoscopy was acceptable.

3.
J Transcult Nurs ; 31(2): 188-201, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540568

RESUMO

Introduction: The purpose of this systematic review was to explore perceived diabetes risk with foci on prediabetic persons and Asian Americans. Persons with prediabetes and of Asian descent are at higher risk for developing diabetes, but little is known about their perceived diabetes risk. Method: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guided this systematic review. Electronic searches were conducted in three databases. The authors conducted eligibility determination, data extraction, synthesis, and evaluation. Twelve articles were selected. Results: Key findings include (1) limited studies including Asian populations, (2) a low percentage of persons in the general population with moderate to high levels of perceived diabetes risk, (3) a lack of congruency between actual and perceived diabetes risk in the general population, and (4) no interventions effectively changing the level of perceived diabetes risk. Discussion: More studies regarding perceived diabetes risk are needed, especially with a focus on Asian Americans.

4.
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 32(5): 369-379, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Skin cancer, the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the United States, is a serious health care concern. Early skin cancer detection improves prognosis; most common early detection approach is a comprehensive clinical skin examination (CSE). A CSE consists of skin cancer risk assessment, head-to-toe skin examination, and skin lesion assessment. Nurse practitioners (NPs) currently lack adequate training and confidence to conduct CSE. The goal of this systematic review was to learn more about published interventions targeting CSE training for primary care NPs and/or other primary care providers. The findings were categorized based on the established procedures for intervention development. METHODS: The databases PubMed, Google Scholar, CINAHL, and Web of Science were searched. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, 10 articles were selected for data extraction. CONCLUSIONS: There is a paucity of articles that report rigorously developed interventions aimed at educating primary care NPs to conduct CSE. Existing CSE interventions were not tested for efficacy or effectiveness, and the implementation methods were weak or not reported. A synthesis of the review findings revealed inadequately reported sample characteristics, vague intervention goals, unspecified frequency or duration of interventions, and lack of standardized intervention protocols. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: This review builds a foundation for more rigorously developed interventions to improve CSE and provides guidance for NPs to select education on CSE and other clinical foci. Future research will guide the development and evaluate the effectiveness of CSE education, which ultimately could improve skin cancer prognosis interventions and lack of standardized intervention protocols.

5.
JMIR Res Protoc ; 8(5): e13480, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31094348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Skin cancer, the most common cancer in the United States, is costly and potentially deadly. Its burden can be reduced by early detection and prevention activities. The scope of skin cancer requires going beyond traditional health care providers to promote risk reduction. Partnering with the nonbiomedical workforce, such as massage therapists (MTs), may reach more individuals at risk. MTs see much of their clients' skin and are amenable to performing skin cancer risk reduction activities during massage appointments. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to describe the Massage Therapists Skin Health Awareness, Referral, and Education protocol, presenting an overview of our systematic approach to developing rigorous e-training for MTs to enable them to be partners in skin cancer risk reduction. We also describe procedures for usability and feasibility testing of the training. METHODS: We developed an integrated electronic learning system that includes electronic training (e-training) technology, simulated client interactions, online data collection instruments, and in-person assessment of MTs' application of their training. RESULTS: A total of 20 participants nationally scored the e-training as high for usability and satisfaction. We have screened an additional 77 MTs in Arizona for interest and eligibility, and currently have 37 enrolled participants, of whom 32 have completed the Web-based training. CONCLUSIONS: The structured and rigorous development approach for this skin cancer risk reduction and brief behavioral intervention e-training for MTs begins to fill a gap in skin cancer risk reduction research. Iterative usability testing of our asynchronous Web-based training resulted in positive participant response. Our e-training approach offers greater learner accessibility, increased convenience, and greater scalability than the few existing programs and has the potential to reach many MTs nationally. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): DERR1-10.2196/13480.

6.
Digit Health ; 5: 2055207619828225, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30792879

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the study is to evaluate healthcare practitioners' views on and satisfaction with (i) digital image acquisition and storage and (ii) store-and-forward teledermoscopy services for the diagnosis of skin cancer in their clinical practice. Methods: An online survey was conducted among 59 healthcare practitioners (GPs (n=17), dermatologists (n=22), dermatology registrars (n=18), a dermatology research fellow (n=1) and a plastic surgeon (n=1)) to assess usability of digital image acquisition and storage for when the imaging process is conducted by the healthcare practitioners themselves, or by their patients. The study identifies the enablers and barriers of this emerging mode of medical practice. A thematic analysis was used to extract key themes from open-ended responses, which involved identifying themes and patterns within and across participants. Results: Thirty-four healthcare practitioners (58%) had previously used a mobile dermatoscope within their practice. Participants most appreciated its use in their practice for lesion monitoring (59%) and record keeping (39%). Challenges reported were the increased time to support the additional workload (45%), technical issues (33%) and cost of equipment (27%). Practitioners were unsure (36%) or did not advocate teledermoscopy for direct-to-consumer use (41%). Only 23% supported the use of direct-to-consumer teledermoscopy. Conclusion: While most practitioners are receptive to mobile teledermoscopy, there was less support for patient-initiated use, whereby the patient controls the imaging process. As technology improves rapidly it is important to evaluate practitioners' acceptance and satisfaction of evolving telehealth services, moving forward with models of practice where healthcare practitioners and other healthcare providers will feel comfortable engaging in telehealth services.

7.
J Cancer Educ ; 34(2): 259-268, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29103193

RESUMO

The incidence of skin cancer is raising in Hispanics/Latinos, which is a concern for Hispanics/Latinos living in Arizona, a state with a high amount of ultraviolet radiation exposure. There is a dearth of research on skin cancer prevention education for Hispanic/Latino adolescents in high school. Using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) framework, academic and community partners conducted a project to adapt an existing efficacious skin cancer prevention program, Project Students are Sun Safe (SASS) and the current SASS online training model, for dissemination to predominantly Hispanic/Latino students attending high schools in rural southeastern Arizona, located along the Arizona-Mexico border. We assessed the feasibility of training some of these students as peer educators (n = 16) to implement the "Border SASS" lesson to their peers in high school classrooms (n = 198). Border SASS training and the classroom lesson were feasible for, and highly acceptable to, peer educators and classroom students. These students significantly improved skin cancer prevention knowledge scores and self-reported skin cancer prevention behaviors over a 3- to 4-month period post training and the intervention implementation. Here we report on the following: (1) academic-community partnership and adaptation of the SASS training model for rural Hispanic high school students, (2) training of the high school peer educators, (3) administration of the SASS lesson by the trained peer educators to high school students, and (4) further evaluation of peer educator training and classroom student outcomes.


Assuntos
Educação em Saúde/métodos , Hispano-Americanos , Grupo Associado , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Neoplasias Cutâneas/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Arizona , Pesquisa Participativa Baseada na Comunidade , Relações Comunidade-Instituição , Assistência à Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México , Projetos Piloto , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , População Rural , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etnologia , Estudantes
8.
Dermatology ; 235(1): 4-10, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30404081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mobile teledermoscopy may facilitate skin self-examinations (SSEs) and further improve monitoring and detection of melanoma. OBJECTIVE: To assess consumer acceptability and expectations of a mobile health app used to: (i) instruct SSE and (ii) conduct consumer-performed mobile teledermoscopy. METHODS: People aged 18 years and above were invited to participate in either (i) an online survey or (ii) focus group in Brisbane, Australia. Participants were asked about their SSE practices, mobile teledermoscopy acceptance, and app design and functionality. The online survey responses and focus group discussions were coded by two researchers who conducted thematic analysis. RESULTS: Four focus groups were held with a total of 28 participants; 88 participants completed the online survey. The mean ages of participants in the focus group and online survey were 46 and 38 years, respectively. There were more males in the focus groups (61%, 17/28) compared to the online survey (19%, 17/88). Regular SSEs were conducted by 56 (64%) of the online survey participants. Barriers to SSE were forgetfulness (44%), low self-perceived risk of melanoma (25%) and low confidence in conducting SSEs (25%). The large majority of online survey participants (95%) would consider sending photos of their skin lesions to a medical practitioner via an app. Focus group participants reported that they would accept using mobile teledermoscopy; however, they would prefer to use it to monitor lesions between face-to-face consultations. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, participants had positive views on using mobile teledermoscopy to send images of skin lesions to a dermatologist or other medical practitioner.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Aplicativos Móveis , Fotografação , Autoexame/psicologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Telemedicina/métodos , Adulto , Dermoscopia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Melanoma/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Exame Físico/métodos , Consulta Remota/métodos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/psicologia
9.
Dermatology ; 235(1): 11-18, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30404085

RESUMO

Patients often detect melanoma themselves; therefore, regular skin self-examinations (SSEs) play an important role in the early detection and prompt treatment of melanoma. Mobile teledermoscopy is a technology that may facilitate consumer SSEs and rapid communication with a dermatologist. This paper describes the planned randomised controlled trial of an intervention to determine whether mobile technologies can help improve the precision of SSE in consumers. A randomised controlled trial will be conducted to evaluate mobile teledermoscopy-enhanced SSE versus naked-eye SSE. Participants in each group will conduct three home whole-body SSEs at baseline, 1 and 2 months, then present for a clinical skin examination (CSE) by a doctor after the 2-month SSE. Specifically, participants will identify skin lesions that meet the AC (asymmetry and colour) rule for detecting a suspicious skin spot. The primary outcomes are sensitivity and specificity of the skin lesions selected by the participants as needing attention by a doctor, compared to the clinical diagnosis by the dermatologist that will serve as the reference standard for this analysis. For the mobile teledermoscopy-enhanced SSE group, researchers will assess the number, location and type of lesions (1) sent by the participant via mobile teledermoscopy, (2) found at CSE or (3) missed by the participant. For the naked-eye SSE group, researchers will assess the number, location and type of lesions (1) recorded on their body chart by the participant, (2) found at CSE or (3) missed by the participant. Secondary outcomes are based on participants' self-reported data via online questionnaires.


Assuntos
Dermoscopia/métodos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Autoexame/métodos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Telemedicina , Protocolos Clínicos , Humanos , Aplicativos Móveis , Autorrelato
10.
Int J Ther Massage Bodywork ; 11(4): 4-10, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30524632

RESUMO

Background: Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the US. Training massage therapists (MTs) in skin cancer prevention and detection creates opportunity for reducing skin cancer burden. Little is known about MTs' perceptions of skin cancer prevention and detection, their discussions of these topics with clients, or their referral recommendations for suspicious skin lesions. Purpose: We surveyed MTs' perceptions of their role in engaging in conversations about skin cancer prevention, viewing the skin for suspicious lesions, and referring clients with such lesions to health care providers. Setting Participants Research Design: We administered an online survey from 2015-2017 of licensed MTs practicing in the US and at least age 21 years (n = 102); quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed in 2017. Main Outcome Measures: The main variables assessed were MTs perceptions of (a) appropriateness for asking clients about skin cancer history, skin cancer prevention, suspicious lesion referral and follow-up; and (b) comfort with recognizing and discussing suspicious lesions, recommending a client see a doctor for suspicious lesion, and discussing skin cancer prevention. Results: Quantitative data revealed that most MTs were amenable to discussing skin cancer prevention during appointments; few were engaging in these conversations. MTs were more comfortable discussing suspicious lesions and recommending that a client see a doctor than they were sharing knowledge about skin cancer and sun safety. Categories based on qualitative content analysis were: sharing information for the client's benefit, and concerns about remaining within scope of practice. Conclusions: MTs have boundaries for skin cancer risk-reduction content to include in a client discussion and remain in their scope of practice. These findings will help support a future educational intervention for MTs to learn about and incorporate skin cancer risk-reduction messages and activities into their practice.

11.
J Telemed Telecare ; 24(10): 683-689, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30343653

RESUMO

Introduction Internationally, teledermoscopy has been found to have clinical and economic efficacy. This study aims to identify the attributes of a mobile teledermoscopy service that consumers prefer. This preliminary study was set within a broader randomised control trial (RCT) investigating the effectiveness of direct to consumer mobile teledermoscopy. Methods We undertook a discrete choice experiment (DCE). The DCE comprised 24 choice sets, divided into in two blocks of 12. For each choice set, respondents were asked to make discrete choices between two opt-out choices and two skin cancer screening service options described by seven attributes. A mixed logit model was used to estimate preferences for skin cancer screening services. Consumer preferences weights were used to calculate marginal willingness-to-pay (WTP) for skin cancer screening services. Results The DCE was completed by 113 consumer respondents. Consumers' preference for dermatologist involvement in their diagnosis, increased accuracy, and reduced excisions were all statistically significant in driving choice between service models. Consumers preferred having a professional involved in their skin cancer screening, rather than performing a self-examination. Consumers were only WTP $1.18 to change from a GP visit to mobile teledermoscopy (diagnosis using a phone camera). However, they were WTP $43 to have their results reviewed by a dermatologist rather than a GP, and $117 to increase the chance of detecting a melanoma if it was present from 65-75% to 95%. Conclusion Skin cancer screening services which are delivered by health professionals, rather than skin self-examination, are preferred by consumers. Consumers were willing to pay for their preferred skin cancer screening method, especially if a dermatologist was involved.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Dermoscopia/métodos , Triagem e Testes Direto ao Consumidor/métodos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Programas de Rastreamento/organização & administração , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Telemedicina/métodos , Adulto , Austrália , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 30(1): 43-58, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29757921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Skin cancer is the most common malignancy in the United States; early detection reduces the public health burden. This systematic review updates the state of advanced practice nurses' skin cancer knowledge and attitudes, performance of and barriers to clinical skin examination (CSE), recognition of skin lesions, and related training activities. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis statement guided a search of eight literature databases that yielded 12 studies from 2010 to 2016. The United States Preventive Services Task Force's Levels of Certainty guided evidence assessment. CONCLUSIONS: The studies mainly targeted or included nurse practitioners. Collectively, participants had variable, suboptimal skin cancer knowledge, even after an intervention. A slight majority performed CSE during annual visits but agreed that CSE was important and within their scope of practice. Major CSE barriers were lack of time, training, and confidence. Participants who received training were more proficient in identifying suspicious versus benign lesions. Few skin cancer detection training opportunities for nurses exist. IMPLICATIONS: The level of certainty of the evidence for skin cancer detection by advanced practice nurses and their impact on the skin cancer problem remain low. These nurses would benefit from accessible and efficacious CSE and lesion training.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica/normas , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/normas , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Adulto , Prática Avançada de Enfermagem/métodos , Prática Avançada de Enfermagem/normas , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/prevenção & controle , Estados Unidos
13.
Res Theory Nurs Pract ; 32(1): 63-81, 2018 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29490778

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social cognitive theory (SCT) proposes that personal and environmental factors influence behavior bidirectionally. Research examining the personal and environmental factors of physical activity (PA) among African Americans (AAs) framed by SCT is scarce. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to enhance knowledge of SCT as a foundation for health promotion and PA research, in general, and among AAs. Findings from a previous study provide exemplars for key factors and relationships in SCT. IMPLICATIONS FOR RESEARCH AND PRACTICE: The SCT serves as a good framework for researchers studying health promotion and PA in generalamong AA parents.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Promoção da Saúde , Pais , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Criança , Serviços de Saúde da Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Teoria Psicológica
14.
Am J Health Promot ; 32(4): 865-879, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27923885

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review healthy lifestyle interventions targeted to adolescents and delivered using text messaging (TM). DATA SOURCE: PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases. Study Inclusion Criteria: Research articles published during 2011 to 2014; analyses focused on intervention targeting adolescents (10-19 years), with healthy lifestyle behaviors as main variables, delivered via mobile phone-based TM. DATA EXTRACTION: The authors extracted data from 27 of 281 articles using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses method. DATA SYNTHESIS: Adolescent and setting characteristics, study design and rigor, intervention effectiveness, challenges, and risk of bias. RESULTS: Across studies, 16 (59.3%) of 27 included non-Caucasians. The gender was split for 22 (81.5%) of 27 studies. Thirteen studies were randomized controlled trials. There was heterogeneity among targeted conditions, rigor of methods, and intervention effects. Interventions for monitoring/adherence (n = 8) reported more positive results than those for health behavior change (n = 19). Studies that only included message delivered via TM (n = 14) reported more positive effects than studies integrating multiple intervention components. Interventions delivered using TM presented minimal challenges, but selection and performance bias were observed across studies. CONCLUSION: Interventions delivered using TM have the potential, under certain conditions, to improve healthy lifestyle behaviors in adolescents. However, the rigor of studies varies, and established theory and validated measures have been inconsistently incorporated.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Envio de Mensagens de Texto , Adolescente , Telefone Celular , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Humanos
15.
Diabetes Educ ; 43(5): 506-518, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28799453

RESUMO

Purpose The purpose of this study was to describe Sub-Saharan African immigrants' health-illness transition experiences associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) self-management. Methods A qualitative description methodology was used in this study. Face-to-face semi-structured in-depth interviews lasting 60 to 90 minutes were conducted with 10 Sub-Saharan African immigrant men and women with T2DM recruited using purposive and snowball sampling. Each interview was audio-taped, transcribed, and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results Participants' mean age was 60.3 years (range, 44-76 years), 5 men and 5 women; most had lived in the US for more than 10 years (70%) and with T2DM for more than 5 years (60%). Four overarching domains described the health-illness transition experiences the participants had with T2DM self-management: (1) knowledge of T2DM self-management behaviors, (2) current T2DM self-management behaviors, (3) inhibitors of T2DM self-management, and (4) facilitators of T2DM self-management. Conclusions Health professionals should be equipped with an understanding of the properties and conditions of health-illness transition. This understanding is necessary to build a foundation that facilitates healthy adaptation to the T2DM transition requiring the development and mastery of new skills consistent with gaining control of T2DM. Culturally tailored interventions need to be developed to decrease inhibitors of and encourage self-management in daily T2DM care for Sub-Saharan African immigrants with T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etnologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/psicologia , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia , Autogestão/psicologia , Adulto , África ao Sul do Saara/etnologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Estados Unidos
16.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 25: 142-149, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27863604

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The objectives of this pilot study for women breast cancer survivors with lymphedema was 1) to evaluate recruitment rates, retention rates, adherence to Bowenwork (a noninvasive complementary therapy involving gentle muscle movements), home exercises, safety and comfort; 2) determine the effect of Bowenwork on quality of life (QOL), functional status, perceived pain, range of motion (ROM), arm/ankle circumference (to assess for localized and systemic changes). METHODS: Participants received 4 Bowenwork sessions with home exercises. Initial and post assessments included QOL, functional status, and pain. ROM, arm/ankle circumference and pain measures were recorded before each session. RESULTS: Twenty-one women enrolled in the study; 95% completion; adherence 100%; home exercises 95%; no adverse events. The intervention improved mental health (SF-36-MCS); breast cancer-related functional (FACT-B); increased ROM; reduced arm circumferences. P value set at <0.05. CONCLUSIONS: The Bowenwork intervention was safe and acceptable for women breast cancer survivors with lymphedema.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Linfedema/complicações , Linfedema/terapia , Manipulações Musculoesqueléticas/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Sobreviventes
17.
Prev Med ; 90: 121-32, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27374946

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Print-based health promotion interventions are being phased out to bring forth more appealing and assessable new technology applications. This review aimed to evaluate the current literature on the use of mobile text messaging and similar electronic technology interventions in the area of skin cancer prevention. METHOD: A search of studies guided by Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was conducted on mobile technology interventions for improving skin cancer prevention in the electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and PsycINFO. RESULTS: Overall, 136 articles were screened for eligibility between 2001 (earliest relevant article found) and November 2015. Eight studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were reviewed according to the PRISMA guidelines. Of these, five were randomised controlled trials (RCTs), two were controlled clinical trials, and one was a cohort study. Five studies used text messages as an intervention, two used mobile phone applications, and another used electronic messages via email. All studies resulted in self-reported behaviour change in at least one of their outcome measures (e.g., sunscreen application, seeking shade). CONCLUSION: While the behaviour change outcomes are promising, the lack of change in more objective measures such as sunburn indicates a need to further improve mobile phone technology-delivered interventions in order to have a greater impact on skin cancer prevention. Future studies may consider the use of objective outcome measures (e.g., sunscreen weight), electronic diaries, or behavioural outcomes in social networks.


Assuntos
Telefone Celular/estatística & dados numéricos , Aplicativos Móveis , Neoplasias Cutâneas/prevenção & controle , Envio de Mensagens de Texto , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
18.
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 28(6): 287-93, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26484970

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To conduct a pilot survey to assess acceptance of mobile teledermoscopy (MTD) by primary care nurse practitioners (NPs) working in Arizona. DATA SOURCES: Sixty-two participants recruited from NP and academic listservs in Arizona completed an online survey prefaced by a MTD definition, device photographs, and a practice case, followed by 33 items measuring Teledermatology Technology Acceptance Model (TeleTAM) constructs. CONCLUSIONS: Participants were highly interested in using MTD to assess skin lesions. They perceived MTD utility to greatly improve diagnosis and positively impact their practice. Most participants had never used MTD, but had high mean scores for MTD attitude and moderate scores for MTD perceived ease of use, perceived use, and facilitators of MTD. They had moderate scores for intention to use MTD. The construct facilitators (organizational infrastructure) were most strongly associated with intention to use MTD. Cronbach alphas were 0.70 or higher for all subscales except compatibility and habit. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Moderate acceptance of MTD may reflect NPs' knowledge of the technology, self-confidence for using it, or MTD financial constraints. Future research will address these factors to foster use of MTD by NPs, thereby improving patients' access to early skin lesion assessment and diagnosis.


Assuntos
Dermoscopia/métodos , Dermoscopia/normas , Profissionais de Enfermagem/psicologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Telemedicina/tendências , Adulto , Arizona , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Profissionais de Enfermagem/tendências , Atenção Primária à Saúde/tendências , Inquéritos e Questionários , Telemedicina/métodos
19.
J Cancer Educ ; 30(4): 736-42, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25417824

RESUMO

Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the USA and is increasing in children and young adults. Adolescents are an important target population for sun-safety interventions with ultraviolet radiation as the strongest risk factor for developing skin cancer. Schools are an ideal setting to intervene with adolescents. A novel Arizona skin cancer prevention in-class education-activity program, Project 'Students are Sun Safe' (SASS), was designed to be delivered by university students for middle school and high school students. Participant students completed the pre- and post-program tests and a satisfaction questionnaire; teachers completed reviews. The evaluation examined the program's influence on participants' sun-safety knowledge, perceptions, and behaviors; satisfaction with the program; and intent to change. After exposure to Project SASS, participants were more likely to perceive a high risk of skin cancer, report negative attitudes toward tanned skin, and answer knowledge-based questions correctly. There were minimal differences in self-reported sun-safety behaviors, though participants did report intent to change. Both participants and teachers were satisfied with the program. Project SASS appears to be an effective sun-safety program for middle school and high school students for knowledge and perceptions, and the results confirm that appropriately tailoring program components to the target population has strong potential to impact adolescent perceived susceptibility, knowledge, and behavioral intent. The strengths and weaknesses of Project SASS have many implications for public health practice, and Project SASS may hold promise to be a model for skin cancer prevention in adolescents.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Educação em Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Escolar/normas , Neoplasias Cutâneas/prevenção & controle , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/psicologia , Estudantes , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
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