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1.
Dent Mater ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34836700

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of prolonging polymerization time on the 18 months clinical performance of a universal adhesive system used as etch-and-rinse (ER) and self-etch (SE). METHODS: 140 restorations were randomly placed in 35 subjects according to the following groups: ER10 (light-curing for 10 s); ER40 (light-curing for 40 s); SE10 (light-curing for 10 s) and; SE40 (light-curing for 40 s/1200 mW/cm2). A resin composite was placed incrementally. The restorations were evaluated at baseline and after 18 months by using the FDI criteria. The following outcomes were evaluated: marginal staining, marginal adaptation, spontaneous post-operative sensitivity and recurrence of caries. The differences among the groups were calculated using Friedman repeated measures analysis of variance rank (α = 0.05). RESULTS: After 18 months the retention/fracture rates were 88.9% (95%CI 74.1-95.6%) for ER10, 94.3% (95%CI 91.4-98.5%) for ER40, 77.2% (95%CI 60.1-87.9) for SE10 and 97.2% (95%CI 85.5-99.9%) for SE40. A significant difference was detected in the retention rate when SE10 was compared to the SE40 (p = 0.01). Also, ER40 showed a significant improvement of the marginal adaptation when compared to ER10 (p = 0.01). SIGNIFICANCE: This is the first study that demonstrates an improvement in the clinical performance of universal adhesive systems in non-carious cervical lesions when prolonged light-cured was applied.

2.
Braz Dent J ; 32(3): 105-115, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755785

RESUMO

This clinical trial evaluated the effect of the coadministration of ibuprofen/caffeine on bleaching-induced tooth sensitivity (TS). A triple-blind, parallel-design, randomized clinical trial was conducted on 84 patients who received ibuprofen/caffeine or placebo capsules. The drugs were administered for 48 hours, starting 1 hour before the in-office bleaching. Two bleaching sessions were performed with 35% hydrogen peroxide gel with 1-week interval. TS was recorded up to 48 hours after dental bleaching with a 0-10 visual analogic scale (VAS) and a 5-point numeric rating scale (NRS). The color was evaluated with VITA Classical and VITA Bleachedguide scales (ΔSGU) and VITA Easyshade spectrophotometer (ΔE*ab and ΔE00). The absolute risk of TS in both groups was evaluated using Fischer's exact test. Comparisons of the TS intensity (NRS and VAS data) were performed by using the Mann-Whitney test and a two-way repeated measures ANOVA, respectively. The color alteration between the groups was compared with the Student's t test. The significance level was 5%. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups for the absolute risk of TS (p = 1.00) or for the intensity of TS (p > 0.05). A bleaching of approximately 7 shade guide units was observed on the Vita Classical and Vita Bleachedguide scales, with no statistical difference between the groups. It was concluded that coadministration of ibuprofen and caffeine did not reduce the absolute risk or intensity of TS and did not interfere with the efficacy of dental bleaching.


Assuntos
Cafeína/uso terapêutico , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Ibuprofeno/uso terapêutico , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Sensibilidade da Dentina/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Clareadores Dentários/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723443

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to quantify the penetration of hydrogen peroxide (HP) inside the pulp cavity and color change with two different concentrations of HP to at-home bleaching associated or not with enamel microabrasion (MA). METHODS: Forty healthy premolars were randomly divided in four groups (n = 10): only HP4%, MA + HP4%, only HP10%, MA + HP10%. The concentration (µg/ml) of HP was assessed using UV-Vis spectrophotometry. The color change (ΔEab , ΔE00 and WID ) was evaluated before and one-week after bleaching. Data were evaluated for a two-way ANOVA and the Tukey's test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The application of MA increased the amounts of HP inside the pulp chamber when compared to without MA, as well as PH10% when compared to PH4% (p < 0.0001). PH10% showed higher WID when compared to PH4%. No significant difference was observed when ΔEab , and ΔE00 were used. CONCLUSIONS: The enamel MA before at-home bleaching promotes greater penetration of HP, although this procedure did not significantly affect the color change. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Since greater penetration of HP into the pulp chamber was detected when home bleaching was applied immediately after MA, the clinician should not apply home bleaching gels in the same session when MA was performed.

4.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(6): 589-598, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817974

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) on the microtensile bond strength (µTBS), nanoleakage (NL), and degree of conversion (DC) of universal adhesives on eroded dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred thirty-four extracted (134) human third molars were selected for the study. After the dentin surface was exposed, 128 teeth were randomly assigned to 16 experimental groups as follows: dentin surfaces (sound dentin and eroded dentin), application of DMSO (without or with the application of DMSO), and adhesive strategies (etch-and-rinse [ER] and self-etch [SE]). The universal adhesive systems iBond Universal (IBU) and Scotchbond Universal (SBU) were applied and the teeth were restored using a resin composite. After 24 h in distilled water at 37°C, the samples were sectioned and evaluated for µTBS. Selected sticks from each tooth were used for evaluating NL and DC. The remaining six teeth were used to measure the thickness of the collagen layer of the artificially eroded dentin using scanning electron microscopy. Data on µTBS, NL, and DC (%) were analyzed using three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Significantly lower µTBS (p = 0.0001) and DC (p = 0.01) were observed for eroded dentin than for sound dentin. However, a significant increase in the µTBS (p = 0.0007) and DC (p = 0.001) was observed for both substrates when DMSO was applied. Moreover, the application of DMSO decreased the concentration of silver nitrate at the bottom of the hybrid layer for both sound and eroded dentin (p = 0.002). Eroded dentin showed enlarged tubules with the presence of a collapsed collagen fibril layer approximately 5.0 ± 2.0 mm of thickness. CONCLUSION: The bonding performance of both tested universal adhesives improved on both sound and eroded dentin with DMSO pretreatment.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Infiltração Dentária , Resinas Compostas , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Dimetil Sulfóxido , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
5.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617663

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to evaluate whether the use of a dentifrice containing 5% potassium nitrate (KNO3 ) prior to and during in-office dental bleaching reduces bleaching-induced tooth sensitivity and affects bleaching efficiency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight individuals were randomly distributed into two groups (n = 19). The experimental group performed toothbrushing using a dentifrice containing 5% KNO3 , one week before treatment and before the first and second bleaching sessions. In the control group, a placebo dentifrice without KNO3 was applied as described for the first group. Tooth sensitivity was recorded on visual analog scales (VAS) and numeric rating scales (NRS) immediately and up to 48 h after bleaching sessions. Color change at different time intervals, was evaluated with shade guide units (∆SGU) and a digital spectrophotometer (∆E CIELab 1976 and CIEDE2000) at baseline and 7, 15, and 30 days post-bleaching. Mann-Whitney test and t-test were used to evaluate TS intensity for NRS and VAS scales, respectively, and T-test was used for color difference evaluation. RESULTS: No significant difference in tooth sensitivity's absolute risk and intensity were observed between tested groups in any evaluated treatment time for NRS (p = 0.91) or VAS scales (p = 0.48). T-test showed no significant difference in both ∆E and ∆SGU tooth color among the experimental and control groups during the different evaluation times (p = 0.27). CONCLUSION: The use of a dentifrice containing 5% KNO3 does not prevent post-operatory tooth sensitivity but allows the same whitening efficiency as a regular dentifrice. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The use of a dentifrice-containing KNO3 did not prevent bleaching-induced tooth sensitivity when high-concentrated hydrogen peroxide was used for in-office bleaching.

6.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668065

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if the topical application of Otosporin® before in-office bleaching with a 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP) gel reduces the risk and intensity of tooth sensitivity (TS), as well as the bleaching effectiveness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty participants were selected for this split mouth, triple-blind, multicenter randomized clinical trial. Before each bleaching session, the placebo was applied in the patient's hemi-arch and the other half received the Otosporin®, according to the randomization procedure. Both products were applied topically for 10 min. The 35% HP was applied in two sessions with a 1-week interval. The risk and intensity of TS were assessed using the Numerical Scale (NRS) and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS). The bleaching effectiveness were evaluated with the visual scales and with a digital spectrophotometer. The absolute risk of TS was compared by McNemar's test. To compare the intensity of TS, the Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to evaluate the NRS, while the paired t test was used to evaluate VAS. Bleaching effectiveness (ΔSGUs and ΔEab, ΔE00, and ΔWID) was compared between groups using the paired t-test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: No significant difference at risk (p = 1.0) and intensity of TS (p > 0.59; VAS and p = 1.00 for NRS) was detected between groups. For both groups, a significant bleaching was observed after 30 days of evaluation (p < 0.39). CONCLUSIONS: The previous application of Otosporin® in the in-office bleaching did not reduce the risk and intensity of TS and did not affect the effectiveness of the bleaching. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The application of Otosporin® before in-office bleaching with 35% HP was not able to reduce the risk and intensity of TS.

7.
Am J Dent ; 34(5): 281-285, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689453

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the bleaching sensitivity and the bleaching effectiveness of in-office bleaching, following a protocol of complete cervical third protection with gingival dam in comparison with a traditional manner of applying gingival dam (used only in the gingival sulcus area). METHODS: 35 participants were selected for this double-blind split-mouth randomized clinical trial. The control group received the gingival barrier in the traditional manner, and in the experimental group the barrier was extended by about 3 mm to include the cervical region. The bleaching agent was applied in two sessions. The risk and intensity of bleaching sensitivity were assessed using two scales. The bleaching effectiveness was evaluated with a digital spectrophotometer with the tip placed in the cervical area. The absolute risk of bleaching sensitivity was compared by the McNemar's test and bleaching effectiveness (ΔEab, ΔE00 and ΔWi) and intensity of bleaching sensitivity was evaluated by Wilcoxon-paired test (α= 0.05). RESULTS: No significant difference at risk (P= 1.0) and intensity of bleaching sensitivity (P> 0.45) was seen between groups. After 30 days, bleaching effectiveness had no statistical difference between the groups (P> 0.09). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Extending the barrier in the cervical region of teeth did not reduce the risk and intensity of bleaching sensitivity, nor jeopardize the bleaching effectiveness.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Sensibilidade da Dentina/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Boca , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Clareadores Dentários/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Quintessence Int ; 0(0): 2-11, 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369940

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This clinical trial evaluated the effects of red wine exposure on the effectiveness of at-home bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide, degree of tooth sensitivity, and levels of periodontal inflammatory markers. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Eighty participants were assigned to two groups, namely, those who drank red wine (experimental group), and those who did not drink red wine (control group). The experimental group participants rinsed their mouths with 25 mL of red wine four times a day during the bleaching period. Shade evaluation was assessed visually by using the Vita Classical and Vita Easyshade techniques. Tooth sensitivity was evaluated by the numeric and visual analog scales, and the salivary and gingival crevicular fluids were collected for assessment of nitric oxide (NO) levels, a marker of inflammation. Differences in color change were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The absolute risks of tooth sensitivity were compared by the Fisher exact test. Tooth sensitivity intensity data sets for both the visual analog scale and the numeric rating scale were compared using the Wilcoxon signed rank test (α = .05). Repeated measures and two-way ANOVA followed by the Bonferroni test were used to assess time-course and differences between groups in NO production. RESULTS: The bleaching technique was effective regardless of wine consumption (P > .05). Tooth sensitivity was classified as mild, with no differences between groups (P > .05). Red wine reduced both the gingival crevicular fluid and salivary levels of NO (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Red wine does not interfere with the effectiveness and sensitivity of at-home teeth bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide and protects against bleaching-induced inflammation.

9.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405310

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the influence of smoking on the oral cells genotoxicity before and after at-home bleaching using 22% carbamide peroxide (CP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective observational analytics cohort study which evaluated nonsmokers (NS; n = 24) and smokers (S; n = 16) patients. At-home bleaching was performed using 22% CP gel in individual trays for 1 h per day for 14 days in both groups. Scrapped cells from marginal gums were collected before the bleaching treatment (D0-baseline) and 1 day (D1), 15 days (D15), and 1 month (D30) after its finishing. Cells were stained with Giemsa 10%, and the micronucleus (MN) and metanuclear alterations (MA) were counted by a trained operator in 1000 cells per patient. The collections and data analysis occurred blindly. Data was analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis, Dunn, and Mann-Whitney test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: MN frequency was not influenced by smoking or bleaching. An increase of MA was observed between D0 and D30 for both groups (p < 0.001); however, no statistical difference was found between NS and S (p > 0.05) in the evaluation times. CONCLUSION: Smoking associated with 22% carbamide peroxide gel for at-home bleaching does not show genotoxic potential analyzed by the MN counts. However, a significant increase of MA was found for smokers and nonsmokers. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Despite of the increase in MA, smoking associated with 22% CP peroxide at-home bleaching showed no important genotoxic potential (MN) for oral cells. Therefore, at-home bleaching treatment is safe for nonsmokers and smokers even with a high carbamide peroxide concentration of 22%.

10.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 33(7): 992-998, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212493

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the color change stability and patient satisfaction after one-year of at-home bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) in trays with or without reservoirs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six patients were subjected to bleaching with CP (3 h/daily; 21 days) with a bleaching tray with or without reservoirs. The color was measured one-month and one-year after the completion of bleaching using the spectrophotometer (ΔEab, Δ00 and ΔWi), and shade guide units (ΔSGU). Patients' satisfaction were assessed using a 5-point Likert Scale questionnaire. Data were submitted to paired t-test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: No significant difference between color change after one-month and one-year was observed (VITA Classical shade guide unit and the ΔWi; p > 0.53). Significant differences were observed for the VITA Bleachedguide 3D-MASTER shade guide, ΔEab and ΔE00 (p < 0.03). The level of patient satisfaction was similar between groups (p = 1.00). CONCLUSIONS: Bleaching tray design did not have any influence on the bleaching stability for the 10% CP (Opalescence PF, Ultradent). Patients were very satisfied with the bleaching outcomes regardless of the bleaching tray design. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Placement of reservoirs in bleaching trays does not increase longevity of dental bleaching. No clinically important color rebound was observed 1 year after bleaching with 10% CP.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Seguimentos , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Peróxidos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ureia
11.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 33(5): 764-774, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34160125

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This clinical study aimed to evaluate the effect of incorporating bioactive nanoparticles (n-Bm) inside an in-office bleaching gel on the risk and intensity of tooth sensitivity (TS) and on bleaching effectiveness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-six participants were selected and randomly assigned into two groups: control-only in-office gel and experimental-in-office gel with n-Bm. Teeth were bleached in two sessions (3 × 15-min). TS was recorded using a VAS and NRS. The color change was evaluated by subjective (VITA Classical and VITA Bleachedguide) and objective (Easyshade spectrophotometer) methods at baseline and 30 days after the end of treatment. The TS was evaluated by McNemar, Wilcoxon Signed Rank, and paired t test. The color changes between groups were compared using paired t test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: No significant differences between the groups were observed in the risk (control = 27% [95%IC 18-39]; experimental = 21% [95%IC 13-32]) and intensity of TS, as well as in the color change (p >0.05) for any color measurement. CONCLUSION: The inclusion of n-Bm into the bleaching agents did not affect the whitening effectiveness, as well as the risk and intensity of TS between groups. However, the results of the absolute risk of TS were low for both in-office gels used. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Despite no significant differences between groups, both experimental bleaching agents present suitable results with low values for TS.


Assuntos
Clareadores , Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Sensibilidade da Dentina/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(3): 187-200, 2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34060299

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to compare the retention rates of 3-step etch-and-rinse (3ER) adhesives with 1-step self-etch (1SE) adhesives in noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs). The secondary outcomes were marginal integrity and marginal discoloration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Only randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that compared 1SE with 3ER in NCCLs were included. Controlled vocabulary and keywords were combined in the search strategy for PubMed/Medline, LILACS, BBO, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, grey literature, and IADR abstracts (1990-2018). The Cochrane Risk of Bias tool (RoB) was applied to eligible studies. Meta-analyses were conducted for retention rate and secondary outcomes at different follow-up times, using the random effects model. Heterogeneity was assessed with the Cochran Q test and I2 statistics. The GRADE approach was used to assess the quality of the evidence. RESULTS: After the removal of duplicates, title and abstract screening, 18 studies remained. Of these, 15 studies were used for meta-analysis. Fourteen out of these 15 were judged at "unclear" risk and 1 at "low" risk of bias. No significant differences between groups were observed in the different follow-up periods for retention rates 12 to 24 months (p = 0.66), 24 to 36 months (p = 0.21) and 60 months (p = 0.96). A significant difference in marginal integrity was found at 12 to 24 months (p = 0.04) and in marginal discoloration at 12 to 24 months (p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: There is no evidence that 3-step ER adhesives have better retention rates than 1-step SE adhesives in NCCLs.


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários , Adesivos Dentinários
13.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 105-115, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1345503

RESUMO

Abstract This clinical trial evaluated the effect of the coadministration of ibuprofen/caffeine on bleaching-induced tooth sensitivity (TS). A triple-blind, parallel-design, randomized clinical trial was conducted on 84 patients who received ibuprofen/caffeine or placebo capsules. The drugs were administered for 48 hours, starting 1 hour before the in-office bleaching. Two bleaching sessions were performed with 35% hydrogen peroxide gel with 1-week interval. TS was recorded up to 48 hours after dental bleaching with a 0-10 visual analogic scale (VAS) and a 5-point numeric rating scale (NRS). The color was evaluated with VITA Classical and VITA Bleachedguide scales (ΔSGU) and VITA Easyshade spectrophotometer (ΔE*ab and ΔE00). The absolute risk of TS in both groups was evaluated using Fischer's exact test. Comparisons of the TS intensity (NRS and VAS data) were performed by using the Mann-Whitney test and a two-way repeated measures ANOVA, respectively. The color alteration between the groups was compared with the Student's t test. The significance level was 5%. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups for the absolute risk of TS (p = 1.00) or for the intensity of TS (p > 0.05). A bleaching of approximately 7 shade guide units was observed on the Vita Classical and Vita Bleachedguide scales, with no statistical difference between the groups. It was concluded that coadministration of ibuprofen and caffeine did not reduce the absolute risk or intensity of TS and did not interfere with the efficacy of dental bleaching.


Resumo Este ensaio clínico avaliou o efeito da coadministração de ibuprofeno/cafeína na sensibilidade dental decorrente de clareamento (SD). Um estudo clínico randomizado, paralelo, triplo-cego, foi realizado em 84 pacientes que receberam cápsulas de ibuprofeno/cafeína ou placebo. Os fármacos foram administrados por 48 horas, começando 1 hora antes do clareamento em consultório. Duas sessões de clareamento foram realizadas com gel de peróxido de hidrogênio 35% com intervalo de 1 semana. A SD foi registrada até 48 horas após o clareamento dental com uma escala visual analógica (VAS) de 0-10 e uma escala de classificação numérica (NRS) de 5 pontos. A cor foi avaliada com as escalas Vita Classical e Vita Bleachedguide (ΔSGU) e com o espectrômetro Vita Easyshade (ΔE*ab e ΔE00). O risco absoluto de SD em ambos os grupos foi avaliado por meio do teste exato de Fischer. As comparações da intensidade da SD (NRS e VAS) foram realizadas utilizando-se o teste Mann-Whitney e uma ANOVA de dois fatores com medidas repetidas, respectivamente. A alteração de cor entre os grupos foi comparada com a o teste t de Student. O nível de significância foi de 5%. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos para o risco absoluto de SD (p = 1,00) ou para a intensidade de SD (p > 0,05). Observou-se clareamento de aproximadamente 7 unidades nas escalas Vita Classical e Vita Bleachedguide, sem diferença estatística entre os grupos. Concluiu-se que a coadministração de ibuprofeno e cafeína não reduziu o risco absoluto ou intensidade da SD e não interferiu na eficácia do clareamento dental.


Assuntos
Humanos , Clareamento Dental , Cafeína/uso terapêutico , Ibuprofeno/uso terapêutico , Sensibilidade da Dentina/induzido quimicamente , Clareadores Dentários/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
14.
J Adhes Dent ; 23(2): 159-165, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825429

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of inclusion of two dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) concentrations in simplified etch-and-rinse adhesives on dentin bonding durability after three years of water storage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two caries-free third molars were divided into six experimental groups (n = 7) according to the following factors: 1) adhesive (Adper Single Bond 2 [SB], 3M Oral Care; Prime&Bond 2.1 [PB], Dentsply Sirona); 2) concentration of DMSO (control group: 0.0% DMSO; addition of 0.2% DMSO [0.2] and 2% DMSO [2.0]). After completing restoration, specimens were stored in water (37°C) for 24 h, sectioned into adhesive-dentin sticks (0.8 mm2), tested for microtensile bond strength (µTBS) at 0.5 mm/min, and examined for nanoleakage (NL) using SEM immediately thereafter or after three years of water storage. Data were subjected to a three-way repeated-measures ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05) for each property evaluated. RESULTS: After three years of water storage, for both adhesives, the incorporation of 2% DMSO maintained the µTBS when compared to immediate µTBS (p > 0.05). In general, SB resulted in a statistically significantly higher mean of µTBS compared to PB, independent of the DMSO concentration after water storage (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the amount of NL was lower and practically limited to the hybrid layer given the concentrations of 0.2% and 2% DMSO for both tested adhesives after three years. CONCLUSION: The incorporation of DMSO in simplified etch-and-rinse adhesives maintains the long-term stability of the dentin bond.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Dentina , Dimetil Sulfóxido , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração , Água
15.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(5): 2495-2510, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661448

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A network meta-analysis (NMA) was performed to assess which adhesive strategy is most clinically effective in treating non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Studies were identified by a systematic search of electronic databases including MEDLINE via PubMed, Brazilian Library in Dentistry (BBO), Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database (LILACS), Scopus, and Web of Science without restrictions on publication year or language. The grey literature was also consulted. Only randomized clinical trials that compared different adhesive strategies in NCCLs in adult patients were included. The risk of bias was evaluated by using the Cochrane Collaboration tool. A random-effects Bayesian mixed treatment comparison model was used to compare adhesive strategies (3ER, 2ER, 2SE, and 1SE) at different follow-up times. The surface under cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) was estimated for each strategy. Heterogeneity was assessed by using the Cochran Q test and I2 statistics. The quality of evidence was evaluated using the GRADE approach. RESULTS: A total of 5058 studies were identified, 66 of which met the eligibility criteria and of these 5 were judged "low" risk of bias and 57 were meta-analyzed. We did not observe significant differences in the NMA analysis for any two pairs of adhesives, except for the shortest follow-up for 2ER vs 3ER. The material 2SE ranked highest, although it differed only slightly from the other bonding strategies. CONCLUSIONS: No bonding strategy is better than the others. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Adhesive efficacy cannot be characterized by its bonding strategy.


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários , Adulto , Teorema de Bayes , Brasil , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
16.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(6): 3543-3553, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33200282

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the ability of modified phosphoric acids containing chlorhexidine (CHX) or grape seed extract (GSE) for promoting simultaneous biomodification during acid etching on bonding properties in caries-affected dentin (CAD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two human molars (8 with sound dentin [SD] and 24 naturally CAD) were selected for the study. The SD and CAD were initially exposed, then randomized and etched according to the following groups: (1) SD (SD-CT) and CAD (CAD-CT) both with 37% phosphoric acid, (2) CAD with 2% CHX containing 37% phosphoric acid (CAD-CHX), and (3) CAD with 2% GSE containing 10% phosphoric acid (CAD-GSE). The bonding procedure and composite build-ups were performed after acid etching. Subsequently, they were sectioned in resin-dentin specimens. The specimens were submitted for chemical profiling by micro-Raman, microtensile bond strength (µTBS), failure mode with chemical characterization by FEG/SEM-EDX, and in situ zymography by CLSM. The data from µTBS and CLSM were statistically analyzed (1-way ANOVA and Tukey's test; α = 0.05). RESULTS: The highest µTBS results were shown for SD-CT in comparison with all CAD groups (p < 0.001), and the lowest for CAD-CT and CAD-CHX (p < 0.001). The etching with CHX did not increase the µTBS for CAD when compared with CT (p = 0.52). However, the etching with GSE improved significantly the µTBS for CAD when compared with CT and CHX (p < 0.001). The chemical profile detected chemical and structural changes in collagen peaks for CAD-CT, which were not detected when the CAD was etched by modified acids. Also, the poorest hybridization ability was detected in CAD for CT, which was significantly improved with modified acids, especially the GSE, as evaluated by chemical profile and failure mode. A significant reduction of MMP activity on CAD was promoted by modified acids in comparison with CT (both p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The GSE-containing acid was able to promote biomodification during the acid etching, increasing the bonding properties and reducing the activity of the MMPs within the hybrid layer. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The use of GSE-containing phosphoric acid can be a promising alternative to improve the bonding performance on caries-affected dentin, since it is capable of biomodifying the dentin during the acid etching, without adding any extra step in bonding procedures.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Resinas Compostas , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
17.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 33(2): 277-283, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949453

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the hydrogen peroxide (HP) penetration inside the pulp cavity and the color change of teeth submitted to the 15% carbamide peroxide (CP) nanoparticle bleaching gel at several application times. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Premolars were divided into nine groups (n = 6) according to 15% CP bleaching agents (nanoparticle and commercial) and to application times (15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes). A negative control was exposed to ultra-purified water. After a whitening procedure, the HP concentration (µg/mL) inside the pulp cavity was assessed via spectrophotometry. The color change (ΔE* and ΔE00*) was evaluated with a spectrophotometer. Data were analyzed via two-way ANOVA and Tukey (α = 0.05). RESULTS: A lower concentration of HP was detected for CP nanoparticle gel after 30 and 45 minutes of whitening procedure (P = .001). The bleaching groups promoted a higher color change (ΔE* and ΔE00*) regardless of the application time (P = .0001). CONCLUSIONS: The CP nanoparticle gel reduced HP inside the pulp cavity, and showed effective bleaching compared with CP commercial gel. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Using 15% carbamide peroxide nanoparticle bleaching gel decreased the HP penetration inside the pulp cavity and may decrease bleaching-induced tooth sensitivity in at-home bleaching.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Peróxido de Carbamida , Cor , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Peróxidos , Ureia
18.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33169944

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this trial was to evaluate bleaching effectiveness, tooth sensitivity and gingival irritation of whitening patients with 10% versus 37% carbamide peroxide (CP). METHODS: Eighty patients were selected by inclusion and exclusion criteria and randomly allocated into two groups (n = 40): 37% CP and 10% CP. In both groups, patients performed whitening for 3 weeks, 4 h/day for 10% group and 30 min/day for 37% group. Color was evaluated with Vita Classical, Vita Bleachedguide 3D Master and Spectrophotometer Easyshade, at baseline, weekly and 30 days after treatment. Absolute risk and intensity of tooth sensitivity (TS) and gingival irritation (GI) were assessed with numeric rating scale (NRS) and a visual analog scale (VAS). Color changes were compared with t-test for independent samples. TS and GI were evaluated with Fisher's exact tests. Mann-Whitney test was used for NRS, and t-tests for VAS (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The 37% CP group showed faster whitening than 10% group at 1-3 weeks. However, 1 month after conclusion, both groups showed equivalent bleaching (p = 0.06). Regarding sensitivity and gingival irritation, 10% and 37% groups met no significant differences (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The use of 37% CP 30 min/day showed equivalent results to 10% 4 h/day. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The use of 37% carbamide peroxide 30 min/day may decrease the time of tray use in at-home protocol for whitening because it presents equivalent results to 10% carbamide peroxide 4 h/day.

19.
J Dent ; 103: 103499, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068711

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To answer the following research question: "Dolow/medium hydrogen peroxide (HP) concentrations used for in-office bleaching in patients with permanent dentition have similar color change and bleaching sensitivity (BS) to high HP concentrations?" DATA: Randomized controlled trials that compared low/medium vs. high concentrate HP were included. The risk of bias (RoB) was evaluated using the Cochrane Collaboration tool. Meta-analyses were conducted for color change (ΔE*ab, ΔSGU/SGU), risk, and intensity of BS, using the random-effects model. Heterogeneity was assessed with the Cochrane Q test, I2 statistics, and prediction interval. The GRADE assessed the certainty of the evidence. SOURCES: Search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane Library, BBO, LILACS, Scopus, Web of Science and grey literature on 15th September 2018 (updated on 13th May 2020). STUDY SELECTION: 25 studies remained. Five were at low RoB; thirteen were at unclear RoB, and seven were at high RoB. The risk of having BS was, on average, 33 % lower (RR = 0.67; 95 % CI 0.51 to 0.86) for low/medium concentrate HP than high HP. No significant difference in color change was detected among groups, except from the subgroup low vs. high HP for the immediate color change, but this difference is not clinically relevant. The certainty of evidence for color change was low and very low, and moderate for the BS. CONCLUSIONS: Low and medium hydrogen peroxide concentrate products for in-office bleaching have lower risk and intensity of bleaching sensitivity than the high concentrate hydrogen peroxide group, with no difference in color change efficacy. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The use of low concentrate hydrogen peroxide products may produce the same color change efficacy with the bonus of having lower risk and intensity of bleaching sensitivity. However, the ideal concentration at which this occurs is yet unknown and deserves further investigations. No funding. PROSPERO CRD42018108266.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Cor , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/efeitos adversos , Ácido Hipocloroso , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Clareadores Dentários/efeitos adversos
20.
Quintessence Int ; 51(10): 788-797, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901243

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This split-mouth study assessed the bleaching sensitivity (risk and intensity) and color change after in-office bleaching using a desensitizing-containing (5% potassium nitrate) and a desensitizing-free 35% hydrogen peroxide gel. The null hypothesis was that there would be no differences between study groups regarding bleaching sensitivity. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Sixty patients participated in this split-mouth study. The subjects received desensitizing-containing hydrogen peroxide in half of the maxillary arch, and the other half received a desensitizing-free hydrogen peroxide, defined by random sequence, in two dental bleaching sessions. The bleaching sensitivity was evaluated during bleaching and from 1 h to 48 h after each bleaching session using a visual analog scale and numeric rating scale; the McNemar test, the Wilcoxon signed-rank test, and the Student-Newman-Keuls test were used for statistical analysis. The color was measured at baseline and 30 days post-bleaching, evaluated with paired t tests (P = .05). RESULTS: Statistically similar risks of bleaching sensitivity were observed (P = 1.000), but the intensity of bleaching sensitivity was lower (P < .011) on average by 1.32 visual analog scale units in the group bleached with the desensitizer-containing gel during up to 24 h assessment times. No statistical difference in color change was observed between groups (P > .321). CONCLUSION: The incorporation of 5% potassium nitrate into in-office bleaching gels does not reduce the risk of bleaching sensitivity, but it reduces its intensity slightly without jeopardizing color change.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Sensibilidade da Dentina/induzido quimicamente , Método Duplo-Cego , Géis , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Clareadores Dentários/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
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