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1.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The authors of this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effect of different anesthetics on the efficacy of inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) in patients with irreversible pulpitis. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors conducted a search of MEDLINE databases (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, and Brazilian Library of Dentistry). There was no restriction on publication year or idiom. The gray literature was also explored. The authors included only randomized clinical trials that compared different anesthetics in the efficacy of IANB in patients with irreversible pulpitis. The risk of bias was evaluated by using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool. A random-effects Bayesian mixed treatment comparison model was used to compare different anesthetic solutions in randomized clinical trials with low or unclear risk of bias. Heterogeneity was assessed by using Cochran Q test and I2 statistics. Quality of evidence was assessed by using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. RESULTS: A total of 7,981 studies were identified; only 16 met the eligibility criteria, and they were all meta-analyzed. A significant difference was observed in the pair lidocaine versus articaine, with higher success with articaine (risk ratio, 0.76; 95% confidence interval, 0.63 to 0.88) in the mixed treatment comparison analysis, as this comparison was graded as high-quality evidence. The probability of success for each treatment was 73% for articaine, 57% for prilocaine, 55% for mepivacaine, 53% for bupivacaine, and 12% for lidocaine. This ranking was considered high quality of evidence. CONCLUSIONS AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The use of articaine can increase the IANB success rate in patients with irreversible pulpitis. Among the anesthetic solutions, lidocaine was the least effective.

2.
J Adhes Dent ; 21(6): 497-508, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802065

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the retention rates of non-carious cervical restorations (NCCLs) constructed using the sandwich technique (a lining of glass-ionomer cement [GIC] or resin-modified glass-ionomer cement [RMGIC] and composite resin [CR]) with CR-only restorations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The search was performed in various databases, including the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science. Gray literature was inspected, as were ongoing and unpublished abstracts from the IADR (1990-2017). Study quality was evaluated using the Cochrane Collaboration bias risk tool. Data from primary and secondary outcomes were meta-analyzed at 1-, 2- and 3-year follow-ups using the random effects model. The quality of the body of evidence was assessed using the GRADE approach. RESULTS: Initially, a total of 3645 articles were selected. After selection by titles, abstracts, and full texts, 6 articles were retrieved, but three were follow-ups of the same RCT. Therefore, a total of four studies remained for analysis. All studies were at unclear risk for bias. Among all outcomes, only loss of retention was lower for the sandwich technique at the 3-year follow-up (risk ratio [RR]: 7.5; 95% CI: 2.1 to 27.2; p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Based on the limited number of available studies, higher retention rates in NCCL restorations were observed with the sandwich technique compared to CR-only restorations at the 3-year follow-up. Secondary outcomes were not influenced by the restorative technique. Except for retention rates, which were of moderate quality, the evidence quality of all secondary outcomes was low.

3.
J Adhes Dent ; 21(6): 525-536, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802068

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the adhesive-enamel microshear bond strength (µSBS), in situ degree of conversion (DC), and the enamel-etching pattern of universal adhesives when applied for a prolonged period in the self-etch vs the etch-and-rinse mode in fluorotic enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-six human molars (48 with a Thylstrup and Fejerskov index [TFI] score of 0 and 48 with TFI score of 4) were sectioned into four parts and divided into 24 experimental groups based on enamel surface (sound enamel or fluorotic enamel), adhesive (Clearfil Universal Bond, Futurabond U, iBond Universal, or Scotchbond Universal), and enamel treatment/application time (etch-and-rinse mode [ER] or self-etch mode with application times of 20 s [20SE] and 40 s [40SE]). The specimens were stored for 24 h and tested in shear at 1.0 mm/min (µSBS). Adhesive-enamel interfaces were evaluated for DC using micro-Raman spectroscopy. The enamel-etching pattern was evaluated using SEM. For each adhesive, data from µSBS and DC were analyzed separately using two-way ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc test at α = 0.05. RESULTS: On sound enamel, 40SE usually resulted in statistically similar mean µSBS (p > 0.52) and statistically significantly improved mean DC values (p < 0.001) compared with the ER mode. Moreover, significantly improved mean µSBS and DC values were obtained compared with 20SE (p < 0.01). On fluorotic enamel, there was no statistically significant difference in µSBS between the experimental groups (p > 0.76). However, for each applied adhesive, 40SE resulted in improved mean DC values compared with 20SE or ER (p < 0.001). The deepest enamel-etching pattern was obtained in ER mode, followed by 40SE in sound and fluorotic enamel. CONCLUSION: Compared with ER mode, the prolonged application time of universal adhesives in SE mode in fluorotic enamel increased the DC, enhanced enamel-etching pattern and promoted similar results in terms of adhesive-enamel bond strength.

4.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e120, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778475

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to compare the resin-enamel bond strength (mµSBS), in-situ degree of conversion (DC), and the enamel-etching pattern (SEM/EDX) of universal adhesive systems when applied to sound and fluorotic enamel. Ninety-eight human molars were sectioned into 4 parts and divided into 24 groups according to 1) enamel surface (sound or fluorotic enamel), 2) adhesive system (Clearfil Universal Bond [CUB], Futurabond U [FBU], iBond Universal [IBU], and Scotchbond Universal [SBU]), and 3) application mode (etch-and-rinse [ER], active self-etch [Active-SE], and passive self-etch [Passive-SE]). Specimens were stored at 37 °C, for 24 hours and tested at 1.0 mm/min (µSBS). Enamel-resin interfaces were evaluated for in-situ DC. The enamel-etching pattern was evaluated under a SEM/EDX. Data from mµSBS and in-situ DC was analyzed using a three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test at 5 % level of significance. For all adhesives, the ER resulted in a statistically significant higher mean mµSBS than the passive-SE in both substrates (p < 0.001). For all adhesives, active-SE resulted in mean mµSBS (p > 0.31) and in-situ DC (p > 0.45) that were statistically similar to those obtained with the ERs in both substrates. A statistically significant, higher mean mµSBS and in-situ DC were obtained in sound enamel (p < 0.001) than in fluorotic enamel. In general, SBU showed higher mean values for mµSBS and in-situ DC compared to those of CUB and IBU (p < 0.001). ER and active-SE showed the deepest enamel-etching pattern in both substrates. A higher amount of fluor was observed in fluorotic enamel. The active application of universal adhesives in the SE-mode may be a viable alternative to increase the adhesive properties in sound and fluorotic enamel.

5.
Braz Dent J ; 30(5): 498-504, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664303

RESUMO

This clinical trial evaluated the effect of preemptive use of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug piroxicam in a single dose 30 min prior to in-office bleaching on the prevention of tooth sensitivity (TS) reported by patients. Fifty patients were submitted to two sessions of in-office tooth bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide used for 2 sessions, each consisting of a single 45-min application, with an interval of 7 days between session. Thirty minutes prior to the procedure, the patient randomly received a single dose of piroxicam (200 mg) or placebo in a double-blind, randomized, crossover design. The TS was evaluated using verbal rate (VRS) and visual analog (VAS) scales during the bleaching procedure and at 24 h after each session. The color changes were assessed by the Vita Bleachedguide scale 1 week after each bleaching session. Risk of TS was calculated from the VRS and analyzed by the McNemar test, while the level of TS was analyzed by the Mann-Whitney test. For the VAS, t-tests were used to compare data from the treatments at each assessment time. Data regarding color changes were subjected to Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests (α=0.05). The preemptive administration of piroxicam did not affect the risk and level of TS compared to placebo, irrespective of the assessment time. The treatment sequence did not affect bleaching effectiveness. In conclusion, the administration of a single dose of piroxicam prior to in-office tooth bleaching was unable to significantly reduce the risk and level of TS.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Piroxicam
6.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e098, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664361

RESUMO

The aim was to evaluate the effect of 2% grape seed extract (GSE) containing phosphoric acid (PhA) on the bond strength to enamel and dentin. The control group was 37% PhA. The following three PhA formulations with 2% GSE and 20% ethanol were obtained: GSE5 = 5% PhA; GSE10 = 10% PhA; and GSE20 = 20% PhA. The enamel and dentin surfaces of molars were etched with the acid solutions, followed by Scotchbond Multi-Purpose adhesive and composite resin application. The tensile bond strength (TBS) test evaluated the bond to enamel after 24 h, and the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) test evaluated the bond to dentin after 24 h and 12-month water storage. Etched enamel and dentin were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM), respectively. The TBS data were submitted to one-way ANOVA, while µTBS data were submitted to two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). The TBS (MPa) to enamel did not significantly differ among the control (48.1 ± 15.7), GSE5 (46.1 ± 9.6), GSE10 (49.8 ± 13.6) and GSE20 (44.1 ± 11.9) groups (p = 0.537). The µTBS (MPa) to dentin of the control (28.4 ± 14.4) and GSE20 (24.1 ± 8.1) groups were significantly higher than those of the GSE5 (16.8 ± 7.4) and GSE10 (17.5 ± 6.6) groups at 24 h (p < 0.006). After 12-month storage, only GSE5 (21.0 ± 7.8) and GSE10 (17.6 ± 8.0) did not show significantly decreased µTBS (p > 0.145). SEM micrographs showed a shallower enamel etching pattern for GSE5. AFM images showed the formation of collagenous globular structures for GSE5 and GSE10. The different acid solutions did not influence the TBS to enamel, and the µTBS to dentin was stable over time when dentin was etched with GSE5 and GSE10.


Assuntos
Ataque Ácido Dentário/métodos , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Extrato de Sementes de Uva/química , Ácidos Fosfóricos/química , Adolescente , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Esmalte Dentário/química , Dentina/química , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistência à Tração , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Dent ; 90: 103219, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629030

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the addition of copper nanoparticles (CuNp) on the clinical performance of a universal adhesive system used as etch-and-rinse (ER) and self-etch (SE). METHODS: 216 restorations were randomly placed in 36 subjects according to the following groups: ERcu = etch-and-rinse with 0.1% CuNp; ERct = etch-and-rinse without CuNp; SEcu = self-etch with 0.1% CuNp; SEct = self-etch without CuNp. Resin composite was placed incrementally and light-cured. The restorations were evaluated at baseline and 6, 12 and 18 months using the FDI and USPHS criteria. Statistical analyses were performed using appropriate tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The addition of CuNp did not increase the clinical performance (FDI / USPHS) of the universal adhesive tested after 18-month when applied in the ER mode (p > 0.05). The addition of CuNp in SE restorations increased the retention rate significantly and decreased the marginal discrepancies after 18 months (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The clinical performance of universal adhesive was significantly increased when applied in the SE mode with the addition of copper nanoparticles. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This is the first study that demonstrates a slight improvement in the clinical performance of universal adhesive systems in non-carious cervical lesions when added CuNp in lower concentration.

8.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(5): 498-504, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1039149

RESUMO

Abstract This clinical trial evaluated the effect of preemptive use of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug piroxicam in a single dose 30 min prior to in-office bleaching on the prevention of tooth sensitivity (TS) reported by patients. Fifty patients were submitted to two sessions of in-office tooth bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide used for 2 sessions, each consisting of a single 45-min application, with an interval of 7 days between session. Thirty minutes prior to the procedure, the patient randomly received a single dose of piroxicam (200 mg) or placebo in a double-blind, randomized, crossover design. The TS was evaluated using verbal rate (VRS) and visual analog (VAS) scales during the bleaching procedure and at 24 h after each session. The color changes were assessed by the Vita Bleachedguide scale 1 week after each bleaching session. Risk of TS was calculated from the VRS and analyzed by the McNemar test, while the level of TS was analyzed by the Mann-Whitney test. For the VAS, t-tests were used to compare data from the treatments at each assessment time. Data regarding color changes were subjected to Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests (α=0.05). The preemptive administration of piroxicam did not affect the risk and level of TS compared to placebo, irrespective of the assessment time. The treatment sequence did not affect bleaching effectiveness. In conclusion, the administration of a single dose of piroxicam prior to in-office tooth bleaching was unable to significantly reduce the risk and level of TS.


Resumo Este ensaio clínico avaliou o efeito do uso preemptivo do anti-inflamatório não-esteroidal piroxicam em dose única 30 minutos antes do clareamento de consultório na prevenção de sensibilidade dentária (SD) relatada pelos pacientes. Cinquenta pacientes foram submetidos a duas sessões de clareamento dental em consultório com peróxido de hidrogênio a 35% por 2 sessões, consistindo de aplicação única de 45 minutos, com um intervalo de 7 dias entres as sessões. Trinta minutos antes do procedimento, o paciente recebia aleatoriamente dose única de piroxicam (200 mg) ou do placebo em um desenho duplo-cego, randomizado e cruzado. A SD foi avaliada usando a escalas de gradação verbal (EGV) e visual analógica (EVA) durante o procedimento clareador e 24h após o procedimento. As mudanças de cor foram avaliadas usando a escala Vita Bleachedguide uma semana após cada sessão de clareamento. O risco de SD foi calculado a partir de EGV a analisado pelo teste de McNemar, enquanto o nível de SD foi analisada pelo teste de Mann-Whitney. Para EVA, testes T foram usados para comparar dados dos tratamentos em cada tempo de avaliação. Dados de mudança de cor foram submetidos aos testes de Wilcoxon e Mann-Whitney (α=0.05). A administração preemptiva de piroxicam não afetou o risco e nível de SD quando comparado ao placebo, independentemente do tempo de avaliação. A sequencia de tratamento não afetou a efetividade do clareamento. Como conclusão, a administração de dose única de piroxicam previamente ao clareamento dental de consultório não foi efetiva em reduzir significantemente o risco e nível de SD.

9.
Int J Esthet Dent ; 14(4): 420-432, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549107

RESUMO

Direct freehand veneers with composite resin (CR) require high clinician ability and a long chair time. Although CR restorations remain the most-used technique for meeting high esthetic demands, and new technologies mean that materials are nowadays more similar to tooth structure, layering techniques for natural results are still considered difficult to achieve. Through advances in adhesive dentistry, systems of prefabricated veneers using conventional techniques have been launched onto the market as an option for the clinician. This case report presents complete step-by-step descriptions of two techniques using prefabricated templates for directly built-up veneers. Both maxillary lateral incisors were simultaneously reconstructed with direct CR veneers with different layering techniques to achieve esthetic results in a shorter chair time. Simple stratification techniques using prefabricated templates may allow clinicians to optimize both time and clinical outcome while obtaining predictable results.


Assuntos
Facetas Dentárias , Estética Dentária , Resinas Compostas , Incisivo
10.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 100: 103366, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422314

RESUMO

This study evaluated the MMP inhibition of the zinc oxide and copper nanoparticles (ZnO/CuNp), and the effects of their addition into adhesives on antimicrobial activity (AMA), ultimate tensile strength (UTS), in vitro degree of conversion (in vitro-DC), as well as, resin-dentin bond strength (µTBS), nanoleakage (NL) and in situ-DC on caries-affected dentin. Anti-MMP activity was evaluated for several MMPs. ZnO/CuNp (0% [control]; 5/0.1 and 5/0.2 wt%) were added into Prime&Bond Active (PBA) and Ambar Universal (AMB). The AMA was evaluated against Streptococcus mutans. UTS were tested after 24 h and 28d. After induced caries, adhesives and composite were applied to flat dentin surfaces, and specimens were sectioned to obtain resin-dentin sticks. µTBS, NL, in vitro-DC and in situ-DC were evaluated after 24 h. ANOVA and Tukey's test were applied (α = 0.05). ZnO/CuNp demonstrated anti-MMP activity (p < 0.05). The addition of ZnO/CuNp increased AMA and UTS (AMB; p < 0.05). UTS for PBA, in vitro-DC, in situ-DC and µTBS for both adhesives were maintained with ZnO/CuNp (p > 0.05). However, lower NL was observed for ZnO/CuNp groups (p < 0.05). The addition of ZnO/CuNp in adhesives may be an alternative to provide antimicrobial, anti-MMP activities and improves the integrity of the hybrid layer on caries-affected dentin.

11.
J Adhes Dent ; 21(4): 319-327, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432046

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of different application modes of a recently introduced self-etching ceramic primer on the microshear bond strength (µSBS) and ceramic surface-etching pattern of two glass-ceramic surfaces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two CAD/CAM blocks of lithium disilicate (LD) and feldspathic glass ceramic (VTR) were each cut into 4 rectangular sections (n = 88 for ceramic surface). The LD and VTR specimens were divided into one control group (hydrofluoric acid + silane coupling agent [HF+SII]), and 10 experimental groups using Monobond Etch and Prime (MEP) applied for a combination of scrubbing times (5, 10, 20, 40, and 60 s) and reaction times (20 or 40 s). After each treatment, Tygon matrices (n = 8) were filled with a resin cement and light cured for each ceramic specimen. The specimens were stored in water at 37°C for 24 h and subjected to the µSBS test. The failure pattern and µSBS were statistically evaluated (α = 0.05). In addition, the ceramic surface etching pattern was analyzed using scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: For the LD groups, the application of MEP 60/40 resulted in a higher mean µSBS compared to HF+SI (p < 0.05). Groups 5/40, 10/40, and 20/40 resulted in mean µSBS similar to that obtained by HF+SI (p > 0.05). For VTR, no significant difference was observed among the groups (p = 0.32). Compared with MEP, HF better promoted the dissolution of glass matrix for both ceramics. However, prolonged MEP scrubbing or reaction caused significant dissolution of the glass matrix for both evaluated ceramics. CONCLUSION: Active and prolonged application of MEP may be a viable alternative to HF+SI for increasing the bond strength to LD.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cerâmica , Porcelana Dentária , Ácido Fluorídrico , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Silanos , Propriedades de Superfície
12.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(10): 3673-3689, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468261

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to answer this research question: "Does combined in-office (IO) and at-home (AH) bleaching produce improved color change and lower tooth sensitivity (TS) better than solely AH or IO bleaching in adults?" MATERIAL AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trials in adults that compared combined versus sole application bleaching were included. The risk of bias (RoB) was evaluated using the Cochrane Collaboration tool. Meta-analyses were conducted for color change in shade guide units (∆SGU) and with a spectrophotometer (∆E*), risk, and intensity of TS, using the random effects model. Heterogeneity was assessed with Cochran's Q test and I2 statistics. GRADE assessed the quality of the evidence. PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO, Cochrane Library, SIGLE, IADR abstracts, unpublished, ongoing trial registries, dissertations, and theses were searched on August 28, 2017 (updated on January 29, 2019). RESULTS: Twelve studies remained. Two were considered to have low RoB. For combined vs. IO bleaching, no significant difference for ∆E*, ∆SGU, and risk of TS were observed; data were not available to analyze the intensity of TS. For combined vs. AH bleaching, no significant difference for ∆E*, ∆SGU, but lower TS to risk (RR 1.40, 95% 1.10 to 1.80) and intensity (MD 1.40, 95% CI 0.18 to 2.63) were detected for AH bleaching. Quality of evidence was graded as low or very low in all meta-analyses. CONCLUSION: Lower risk and intensity of TS was observed for the solely AH group without jeopardizing color change. However, more studies are still encouraged due to the low quality of evidence for most of the outcomes. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: If clinicians are to choose between combined or sole AH bleaching, the solely AH may be preferable; combined bleaching may potentiate the risk of TS without benefits in color change. For combined or sole IO bleaching, no important clinical difference in color change and risk of TS were detected; however, intensity of TS could not be compared due to lack of data. Further studies should be conducted due to the low/very low quality of the evidence.

13.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 20(4): 424-427, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308271

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Bleached enamel surfaces may undergo changes and retain more dye, which is a reason to recommend the reduction/suspension of foods with dyes during dental bleaching. AIM: Evaluate the effects of the action of natural and artificial dyes on the bleached enamel of extracted human teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty human premolars were used, which were distributed in 5 groups (n = 10) according to the following staining solutions: GW (distilled water); GB (beet); Gca (caramel); GC (carmine); and GR (red 40). After the removal of the root and pulp section, the teeth were embedded in acrylic resin blocks, stored in artificial saliva, and kept at 37°C. At-home bleaching was performed using 16% carbamide peroxide (CP) for 3 hours daily for 3 weeks. After each daily session of bleaching, the specimens were exposed to the dye solution twice a day for 5 min; one of these exposures was performed immediately after bleaching. The color was recorded using a spectrophotometer according to the CIE Lab system (Δ E) for the following periods: baseline, during bleaching (after 1st, 2nd, and 3rd week) and post-bleaching (after 1 week and 1 month). The color was evaluated by two-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test (α=0.05). RESULTS: There was effective dental bleaching for all groups: GW (18.5 ± 6.1), GB (19.9 ± 4.4), Gca (18.9 ± 6.1), GC (20.2 ± 4.6), and GR (19.3 ± 4.2), p <0.01. No color rebound was observed after 1 week and 1 month (p >0.05). CONCLUSION: The exposure to beet, carmine, caramel, and red 40 dyes did not interfere with the effectiveness of dental bleaching using 16% CP. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Dyes consumption during bleaching did not affect the effectiveness of dental bleaching.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Corantes , Humanos , Peróxidos , Saliva Artificial , Coloração e Rotulagem , Ureia
14.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2019 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31190231

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of collagen cross-linking agents on nanomechanical and bonding properties of eroded dentin (ED), 24 h and 2 years after water storage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human molar dentin surfaces, eroded by soft drinks or citric acid, were acid-etched and treated with primers containing proanthocyanidin (PA) and riboflavin (RI) or were untreated (control) and tested after 24 h and 2 years. After acid etching and adhesive application (Prime&Bond Elect (PBE); Scotchbond Universal (SBU); Tetric n-bond Universal (TEU)), specimens were sectioned into beams and tested for microtensile bond strength (µTBS) and silver nitrate deposition (NL) after 24 h and 2 years. The beams were used to evaluate the 24-h in situ conversion of degree (DC). Nanohardness (NH) and Young's modulus (YM) were evaluated via resin-bonded dentin slices after 24 h and 2 years. A three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test were used for statistical analysis (5%). RESULTS: For both storage times, ED with citric acid resulted in lower µTBS, NH, and YM and higher NL for each adhesive system than soft drink ED (p < 0.05). After 2 years of water storage, cross-linking primers maintained the µTBS, NH, and YM (p < 0.05) when compared with the control group. Althougth, the NL values decreased for all groups after 2 years of water storage, PA and RI treatments showed NI values lower than control group (p < 0.001). No significant differences were observed between PA and RI treatments (p > 0.05). Cross-linking primers maintain or improve DC (p < 0.03). In general, TEU and SBU yielded higher µTBS, DC, NH, and YM and lower NL than PBE. CONCLUSION: Cross-linking agents improved the results and maintained the resin-ED interface bonding and nanomechanical properties, without jeopardizing adhesive polymerization. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Cross-linking agents are a viable alternative for improving and maintaining resin-ED interface bonding and nanomechanical properties.

15.
Braz Dent J ; 30(3): 285-294, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166394

RESUMO

To answer the following focused question through a systematic review: "Are the risk and intensity of tooth sensitivity (TS) and bleaching efficacy different between adult patients who undergo at-home bleaching using trays with reservoirs and those who use trays without reservoirs?". A comprehensive search was performed in the MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database, Brazilian Library in Dentistry, Cochrane Library, and grey literature without restrictions. Abstracts from conferences; unpublished and ongoing trial registries, dissertations and theses (ProQuest Dissertations and Periódicos Capes Theses databases) were searched. Only randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were included. We used the Risk of Bias tool (RoB) from the Cochrane Collaboration for quality assessment. After the removal of duplicates, title and abstract screening and full-text examination, nine RCTs remained for qualitative analyses. The great majority of the studies did not report the method of randomization, allocation concealment, and examiner blinding during color assessment. From the nine studies, eight were at unclear risk of bias. In regard to color change, four studies reported no change and two reported improved color change with reservoirs. Only four studies recorded tooth sensitivity and they reported no significant differences. Only one study reported greater gingival irritation with reservoirs. Lack of data reporting prevented us from running a meta-analysis. Further well-designed RCT should be conducted to answer this research question. So far there is not evidence to support that reservoirs in bleaching trays improve color change. PROSPERO - CRD42016037628.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareamento Dental , Adulto , Brasil , Humanos , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos
16.
J Esthet Restor Dent ; 31(5): 493-499, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This split-mouth, double-blind, randomized clinical trial evaluated the 1-year bleaching efficacy produced by two hydrogen peroxide gels with different pHs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients were divided into two groups corresponding to two different products: Pola Office (pH = 2.0/SDI) and Pola Office Plus (pH = 7.0/SDI). The treatment was assessed during and after the bleaching procedure up to 12 months post-treatment. The assessment consisted of two bleaching scales shade guide units (ΔSGU) and spectrophotometric device (ΔE, ΔE00, and Whiteness Index) of both maxillary quadrants. Results for ΔSGUs in both scales and ΔE00 and Whiteness Index were compared using Mann Whitney test and ΔE measurements through the t-Student test for paired samples in each evaluation time. The color rebound (1- vs 12-month postbleaching data) was evaluated with Wilcoxon test (alpha = .05). RESULTS: During the different times of evaluation, the color variation was similar for both products (P > .05), both for subjective (ΔSGUs) and objective assessments (ΔE, ΔE00, and Whiteness Index). Also, both products showed a slight rebound after 12-month postbleaching (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Concerning the stability of color, in-office dental whitening with two hydrogen peroxide gels of different pHs produced similar results, with no significant of regression, for 12 months postwhitening. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Bleaching using a neutral (pH = 7.0) in-office gel demonstrated similar stability and rebound effect than an acidic one (pH = 2.0).

17.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(12)2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31208006

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of a sonic application of self-adhesive resin cements on the bond strength of glass fiber posts to root dentin. Eighty bovine incisors were randomly divided into eight groups (n = 10). Four self-adhesive resin cements were used-RelyX U200 (3M/ESPE), Bifix SE (Voco), seT PP (SDI), and Panavia SA (Kuraray). The cements were inserted into the root canal in two different modes-Centrix syringe (control) or with a sonic device (Sonic Smart). The roots were sectioned and taken to a universal test machine (Instron 3342) to perform the push-out test. The fracture pattern was evaluated by stereomicroscope and scanning electron microscope. The bond strength data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (α = 0.05). The interaction between the main factors was significant (p = 0.002). The sonic application increased the bond strength in comparison with the conventional application for the RelyX U200 (p < 0.001) and Bifix SE (p < 0.017) cements. However, for the seT PP and Panavia SA cements, the bond strength values did not differ significantly (p > 0.05). The fracture pattern showed adhesive at the interface between the luting cement and the dentin. Using a sonic device in the application of self-adhesive resin cement helpedpromote an increase in the bond strength for RelyX U200 and Bifix SE.

18.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(3): 285-294, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011549

RESUMO

Abstract To answer the following focused question through a systematic review: "Are the risk and intensity of tooth sensitivity (TS) and bleaching efficacy different between adult patients who undergo at-home bleaching using trays with reservoirs and those who use trays without reservoirs?". A comprehensive search was performed in the MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database, Brazilian Library in Dentistry, Cochrane Library, and grey literature without restrictions. Abstracts from conferences; unpublished and ongoing trial registries, dissertations and theses (ProQuest Dissertations and Periódicos Capes Theses databases) were searched. Only randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were included. We used the Risk of Bias tool (RoB) from the Cochrane Collaboration for quality assessment. After the removal of duplicates, title and abstract screening and full-text examination, nine RCTs remained for qualitative analyses. The great majority of the studies did not report the method of randomization, allocation concealment, and examiner blinding during color assessment. From the nine studies, eight were at unclear risk of bias. In regard to color change, four studies reported no change and two reported improved color change with reservoirs. Only four studies recorded tooth sensitivity and they reported no significant differences. Only one study reported greater gingival irritation with reservoirs. Lack of data reporting prevented us from running a meta-analysis. Further well-designed RCT should be conducted to answer this research question. So far there is not evidence to support that reservoirs in bleaching trays improve color change. PROSPERO - CRD42016037628


Resumo Para responder a seguinte questão de pesquisa através de uma revisão sistemática: "O risco e a intensidade de sensibilidade dentária (SD) e eficácia de clareamento são diferentes entre pacientes adultos que realizam clareamento caseiro usando moldeiras com reservatórios e aqueles que usam moldeiras sem reservatórios?". Uma pesquisa abrangente foi realizada no MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), Biblioteca Cochrane e literatura cinzenta, sem restrições. Os resumos da conferência anual da Associação Internacional para Pesquisa Dental além de estudos registrados ou em andamento também foram pesquisados. Dissertações e Teses foram pesquisados utilizando o Capes Journal Dissertações e Teses ProQuest. Apenas ensaios clínicos randomizados (ECR) foram incluídos. Usamos a ferramenta Risk of Bias (RoB) da Cochrane para avaliação de qualidade. Após a remoção de duplicatas, triagem de título e resumo e exame de texto completo, nove ECRs permaneceram para análises qualitativas. A grande maioria dos estudos não relatou o método de randomização, ocultação de alocação e cegamento do examinador durante a avaliação de cores. Dos nove estudos, oito estavam sob risco claro de viés. Em relação à mudança de cor, quatro estudos não relataram nenhuma mudança e dois relataram melhora na mudança de cor com reservatórios. Apenas quatro estudos registraram a sensibilidade dentária e não relataram diferenças significativas. Apenas um estudo relatou maior irritação gengival com reservatórios. A falta de relatórios de dados nos impediu de executar uma meta-análise. Outros ECR bem desenhados devem ser conduzidos para responder a esta questão de pesquisa. Até agora não há evidências que sustentem que reservatórios em moldeiras de clareamento melhorem a mudança de cor. PROSPERO - CRD42016037628

20.
J Adhes Dent ; 21(2): 149-158, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30949628

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of two phosphoric acids containing protease inactivators (chlorhexidine and proanthocyanidin) on the resin/eroded-dentin microtensile bond strength (µTBS), nanoleakage (NL), and in situ degree of conversion (DC) of three universal adhesives applied in the etch-and-rinse mode. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-six molars were randomly assigned to 18 experimental conditions according to the combination of the independent variables: eroded dentin (soft drink and citric acid), adhesive (Prime&Bond Elect [PBE, Dentsply Sirona], Scotchbond Universal Adhesive [SBU, 3M Oral Care], and Tetric N-Bond Universal [TEU, Ivoclar Vivadent]), and acid pretreatment (conventional phosphoric acid [CP acid]; chlorhexidine acid [CHX acid]; and proanthocyanidin acid [PA acid]). After restorations, specimens were sectioned into resin-dentin sticks (ca 0.8 mm2) that were then tested under tension (crosshead speed: 0.5 mm/min). Selected sticks from each tooth were used to evaluate NL and DC. Data from all tests were subjected to three-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α=0.05). RESULTS: Dentin eroded with citric acid showed a significant reduction in µTBS for each adhesive in comparison to dentin eroded with the soft drink (p < 0.001). For dentin eroded with CHX acid and PA acid, the µTBS (p > 0.03) significantly improved and NL decreased for all adhesives (p < 0.004); in addition, the DC improved for two of the three adhesives tested (SBU and TEU) (p < 0.03) when CHX acid and PA acid were compared to CP acid. CONCLUSION: The addition of chlorhexidine and proanthocyanidin to phosphoric acid improved the adhesive performance when compared with conventional phosphoric acid, without jeopardizing adhesive polymerization at the resin/eroded-dentin interface.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Infiltração Dentária , Ataque Ácido Dentário , Resinas Compostas , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Ácidos Fosfóricos , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
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