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1.
BMC Nurs ; 21(1): 222, 2022 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35948976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pressure injuries among community-dwelling older adults in countries worldwide is still a serious problem. In Indonesia, older adults mostly rely on family members for (medical) care. Therefore, involving family members in the prevention and treatment of pressure injuries (PIs) could potentially decrease its prevalence rates. However, family members are usually not trained for such tasks. Hence, it is essential to first get more insight into the current state of affairs on family members' knowledge, attitude and actual practice of preventing PIs. Due to the lack of an existing instrument to measure knowledge, attitude and practice of family caregivers in preventing PIs, this study focuses on the development and evaluation of psychometric properties of such an instrument. METHODS: Three phases of instrument development and evaluation were used, including item generation, instrument construction and psychometric testing of the instrument. A total of 372 family caregivers of community-dwelling older adults who randomly selected participated in this study. Principal factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha were performed to evaluate factor structure and internal consistency of the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Family Caregivers at Preventing Pressure Injuries (KAP-PI) instrument. RESULTS: The final version of the KAP-PI-instrument consists of a 12-item knowledge domain, a 9-item attitude domain, and a 12-item practice domain with Cronbach's Alpha values of 0.83, 0.93 and 0.89, respectively. The instrument appeared to be both reliable and valid. CONCLUSION: The KAP-PI instrument can be used in family nursing or community nursing practice, education, and research to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of pressure injury prevention of family caregivers.

2.
Int J Palliat Nurs ; 28(7): 314-321, 2022 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35861440

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The concept of end of life (EOL), as in the term end-of-life care, is used synonymously in both palliative and terminal care. Practitioners and researchers both require a clearer specification of the end-of-life concept to be able to provide appropriate care in this phase of life and to conduct robust research on a well-described theoretical basis. AIMS: The aim of this study was to critically analyse the end-of-life concept and its associated terminology. METHOD: A concept analysis was performed by applying Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis method. FINDINGS: Time remaining, clinical status/physical symptoms, psychosocial symptoms and dignity were identified as the main attributes of the concept. Transition into the end-of-life phase and its recognition were identified as antecedents. This study demonstrates that end-of-life care emerged following the application of the 'end-of-life concept' to clinical practice. CONCLUSION: The early recognition of the end-of-life phase seems to be crucial to ensuring an individual has well-managed symptoms and a dignified death.


Assuntos
Assistência Terminal , Morte , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos , Respeito
3.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 103: 104779, 2022 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35853273

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to describe and compare the prevalence rates of urinary incontinence as well as the management of urinary incontinence in the nursing home setting in Austria, the Netherlands, Turkey and the UK. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of the 2017 and 2018 data from a multi-site, cross-sectional study which is performed annually in the nursing home setting in Austria, the Netherlands, Turkey and the UK. RESULTS: A total of 23,334 nursing home residents was included in this study, most of whom were female. The urinary incontinence prevalence rates ranged from 13.8% in Turkey to 35.1% in Austria. In all countries, the most frequently used intervention for urinary incontinence management was the use of absorbent products and/or catheters (ranging from 81% in Turkey to 94.5% in Austria). The countries differed with regard to the methods used to assess the type of urinary incontinence, scheduled individual bathroom visits and medication evaluation. In the UK (77.1%), scheduled individual bathroom visits were a more frequent measure than in Austria (51.3%), the Netherlands (24.4%) and Turkey (10.2%). CONCLUSION: The most frequently used nursing intervention in all countries was the use of absorbent products and/or catheters. Future studies on the over- or misuse of these products are warranted. In order to avoid the over- or misuse of these products in the nursing home setting, the use of the evidence- and consensus-based algorithm provided by the Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society™ is recommended.

4.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 10(6)2022 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35742058

RESUMO

Stroke impacts care dependency, and thus the patient needs home care after suffering a stroke. This study was carried out to investigate similarities and differences between the assessments made by family caregivers and nurses regarding the care dependency level of stroke patients in Indonesian hospitals. This study was a comparative study of the care dependency of stroke patients. Data were collected on the stroke wards on the day of admission using the Care Dependency Scale (CDS). The sample consisted of 118 family caregivers and 21 nurses. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was performed to determine the mean differences between the paired data collected by family caregivers and nurses. The results of this study show that significant differences exist between the family caregivers' and nurses' assessments regarding the care dependency levels of stroke patients. Nurses assigned higher scores to all CDS items than family caregivers did. Significant differences between the family caregivers' and nurses' assessments were observed on numerous items of the Care Dependency Scale. This study contributes to efforts to raise awareness of potential differences in perceived care dependency levels of stroke patients. The findings can help nurses plan the patient's discharge together with family caregivers.

5.
J Palliat Med ; 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35549439

RESUMO

Background: Those working in the field of palliative care have recognized that many terms are being used synonymously and that clear definitions (or any definitions) for many of these terms are lacking. The synonymous use of the terms palliative and end of life (EOL) can especially lead to conflicts in clinical practice, such as a tardy referral to palliative care. Such conflicts may then result in poorer treatment of patients, for instance, pain management. In research, the lack of clear definitions or even of any established definition for central concepts, such as EOL, weakens study validity and research outcomes. Objective: The aim of this study was to establish a concise definition for the EOL phase. Design: A modified Delphi study design was chosen. A structured questionnaire based on a previously conducted concept analysis about the EOL was used. Setting: A panel of international and interdisciplinary experts was established. Between 34 (1st round) and 21 (4th round) individuals participated in the anonymous online expert panel. Results: After four panel rounds, we were able to provide a definition which covers physical and psychosocial aspects that should be considered at the beginning of the EOL phase and possible predictions about the remaining time. The definition also covers aspects of EOL care, such as considerations related to the individual's dignity, spirituality, and maintenance of relationships. Conclusion: EOL is a term which is defined by considering multiple aspects that affect the process of identifying the EOL phase, the EOL phase itself and the resulting care options.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35329331

RESUMO

Shared decision making is increasingly receiving attention in health care and might improve both the quality of care and patient outcomes. Nevertheless, due to its complexity, implementation of shared decision making in clinical practice seems challenging. This ethnographic study aimed to gain a better understanding of how psychiatric inpatients and the interprofessional care team interact during regular interprofessional psychiatric consultations. Data were collected through participant observation on two different psychiatric wards in a large psychiatric hospital in Switzerland. The observation focused on the contextual aspects of interprofessional patient consultations, the communication and interaction as well as the extent to which patients were involved in decision making. Participants included patients, psychiatrists, junior physicians, nurses, psychologists, social workers and therapists. We observed 71 interprofessional psychiatric consultations and they differed substantially in both wards in terms of context (place and form) and culture (way of interacting). On the contrary, results showed that the level of patient involvement in decision making was comparable and depended on individual factors, such as the health care professionals' communication style as well as the patients' personal initiative to be engaged. The main topics discussed with the patients related to pharmacotherapy and patient reported symptoms. Health care professionals in both wards used a rather unidirectional communication style. Therefore, in order to promote patient involvement in the psychiatric inpatient setting, rather than to focus on contextual factors, consultations should follow a specific agenda and promoting a bidirectional communication style for all parties involved is strongly recommended.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Compartilhada , Pacientes Internados , Tomada de Decisões , Humanos , Participação do Paciente , Encaminhamento e Consulta
7.
BMJ Open ; 12(2): e057264, 2022 02 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35149573

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study provides insight into the quality of life (QoL) of older adults living in urban slums in Ghana. DESIGN: The study employed a community-based, cross-sectional design to assess QoL among older adults in two slums between April and May 2020. QoL was assessed using the WHO Quality of Life-Brief version (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire. SETTINGS: Participants were drawn from two slums in Ghana, one in a fishing-dominated community and the other in an industrial community. PARTICIPANTS: This study included 400 participants aged 60 and above who had lived in either slum for at least 1 month and were able to communicate verbally. RESULTS: Although the means of all participants' transformed scores were poor in the physical and psychological domains, they were moderate in all other domains. When viewed as a whole, the perceived overall QoL is neither poor nor good and participants were neither satisfied nor dissatisfied with their health. Participants had a moderate level of QoL in the WHOQOL-BREF psychological (mean score 45.7), social (mean score 57.0) and environmental (mean score 51.6) domains. The mean score for physical QoL of older adults was 43.3, which denotes poor QoL. In all domains, male participants have a significantly higher mean QoL than their female counterparts. An analysis of variance comparing the living arrangements of participants showed that those who lived with extended family had high mean scores in environmental QoL, overall QoL and satisfaction with health. Regression analysis revealed that QoL was influenced mostly by the environmental (46.2%), followed by the psychological (43.7%), physical (31%) and social (20.4%) domains. CONCLUSIONS: The findings from this study show that older adults living in slums had moderate psychological, social and environmental QoL and poor physical QoL. Although the mean scores for QoL are higher than anticipated, health policy development must take into account the specific needs of older adults.


Assuntos
Áreas de Pobreza , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Gana , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
J Adv Nurs ; 78(8): 2357-2366, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34981564

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the perceived quality of collaboration in dehydration care among nursing and medical staff in Dutch nursing homes. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: An online questionnaire was administered to nursing and medical staff in February 2020 to assess the quality of collaboration in dehydration care and its influencing factors. Descriptive statistics, chi-square tests and multinomial logistic regression analysis were used to describe the results and examine differences between groups. RESULTS: In total, 695 questionnaires were completed by multiple levels of (specialized) nursing staff and nursing home physicians. The quality of collaboration was assessed as good (23.2%), sufficient (59.4%) and insufficient (17.4%). Predicting factors related to perceiving the quality of collaboration as good were working experience, dehydration training during education and the presence of a dehydration protocol/guideline in the nursing home. Enabling factors related to collaboration in dehydration care were 'availability of sufficient aids to detect dehydration', 'continuity in the care relationship' and 'sufficient background data of the resident in the care record'. Factors that hinder collaboration were 'insufficient knowledge about dehydration among nursing and medical staff', 'the absence of a team meeting in which the topic dehydration is discussed' and 'insufficient staffing level among nursing and medical staff'. CONCLUSION: Collaboration in dehydration care was generally assessed as sufficient. Participants with >10 years of working experience, who received dehydration training during their education and had a dehydration protocol/guideline available in the nursing home, perceived the quality of collaboration more often as good. Experienced barriers and enablers for collaboration in dehydration care varied between professional groups. Therefore, it is important to gain more insight into (informal) caregivers' perceptions on what is expected from each other about dehydration care. IMPACT: Care professionals experience several limiting factors in collaborating in dehydration care. Addressing these factors could optimize dehydration care in Dutch nursing homes.


Assuntos
Desidratação , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem , Cuidadores/educação , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Casas de Saúde
9.
Int J Older People Nurs ; 17(3): e12430, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719117

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aims of the study were to investigate the four-factor structure of the German version of the Aging Semantic Differential (ASD) and to gain initial insights into the attitudes of nursing, medical and humanities students towards older people in Austria. METHOD: A cross-sectional study design with a convenience sample was chosen. RESULTS: The ASD was completed by 255 Austrian nursing, medicine, and humanities students, who described their attitudes towards persons who are 80 years of age and older. The applicability of the four-factor structure (instrumentality, autonomy, acceptability and integrity) of the German version was confirmed by performing a confirmatory factor analysis. The mean age of students in our sample was 23.6 years; 79% of these were female. The sample displayed negative attitudes regarding the factors of autonomy and instrumentality, but more positive attitudes regarding the factors integrity and acceptability. The attitudes of the students in the three study programmes differed, with the medical students displaying the most negative attitudes. Students who displayed positive attitudes had statistically significantly higher levels of knowledge about ageism and better possibilities to hold personal conversations with older people (80+) in the family or circle of friends. CONCLUSION: We conclude that having more knowledge about ageism and close personal contacts to older persons can support positive attitudes towards older individuals.


Assuntos
Estudantes de Medicina , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento , Atitude , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Áustria , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Diferencial Semântico , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Aging Ment Health ; 26(6): 1270-1280, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33904791

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the expectations of informal caregivers, nurses, and dementia trainers regarding the support of (physical and psychosocial) human needs by humanoid social assistive robots (SARs) in dementia care. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted with 11 homogeneous focus groups of informal caregivers, nurses and dementia trainers providing dementia care at home, in adult daycare centers, or in nursing homes. A qualitative content analysis was performed using a concept- and data-driven coding frame. RESULTS: Focus group discussions with 52 individuals were held. Participants reported mostly positive expectations and stated that SARs could offer potential support in all components of human needs, especially in avoiding danger (e.g. recognise danger, organise help), communication/contact with others (e.g. enable telephone calls, provide company), daily activities (e.g. remind of appointments, household obligations), recreational activities (e.g. provide music), eating/drinking (e.g. help cook), and mobility/body posture (e.g. give reminders/instructions for physical exercise). Participants also mentioned some negative expectations in all human needs, predominantly in communication/contact with others (e.g. loss of interpersonal interaction) and avoiding danger (e.g. scepticism regarding emergencies). CONCLUSION: Participants stated that SARs had great potential to provide assistance in dementia care, especially by reminding, motivating/encouraging and instructing people with dementia. Informal caregivers and nurses also considered them as useful supportive devices for themselves. However, participants also mentioned negative expectations, especially in communication/contact with others and avoiding danger. These findings demonstrate the support caregivers and dementia trainers expect from humanoid SARs and may contribute to their optimisation for dementia care.


Assuntos
Demência , Robótica , Cuidadores/psicologia , Demência/psicologia , Humanos , Motivação , Casas de Saúde
11.
J Clin Nurs ; 31(5-6): 657-668, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34151486

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The holistic care dependency concept can be applied to gain comprehensive insights into individuals' care needs in the end-of-life (EoL) phase. This study was carried out to measure and characterise the "care dependency" phenomenon in this phase and to obtain deeper knowledge about this phenomenon. BACKGROUND: The end of a human life is often characterised by a physical decline, often implying that a high amount of care is needed. Non-malignant diseases can develop unpredictably; therefore, it is difficult to detect the onset of the EoL phase. DESIGN: Data were collected in a cross-sectional multicentre study, using the Austrian Nursing Quality Measurement 2.0. METHODS: Descriptive and multivariate statistical methods were used. Care dependency was measured with the Care Dependency Scale (CDS). The study follows the STROBE guideline. RESULTS: Ten per cent (n = 389) of the sample (N = 3589) were allocated to "a pathway for management of patients at the end of life." The patients and residents in the EoL phase are significantly older and more often diagnosed with dementia, and circulatory system and musculoskeletal system diseases. Of these patients, 60% were care dependent completely or to a great extent. Dementia and age represent main influencing factors that affect the degree of care dependency at the end of life. CONCLUSION: Our results show that the "typical" EoL patient or resident is female, old and affected by dementia and/or circulatory system diseases. Dementia and age were identified as main factors that contribute to very high care dependency. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The measurement of care dependency may support the identification of special care needs in the EoL phase. Gaining deeper knowledge about the care dependency phenomenon can also help healthcare staff better understand the needs of patients with non-malignant conditions in their last phase of life.


Assuntos
Análise de Dados , Assistência Terminal , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Morte , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos
12.
J Adv Nurs ; 78(4): 1044-1054, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462958

RESUMO

AIMS: To examine which signs/symptoms registered nurses (RNs) and certified nurse assistants (CNAs) (nursing staff) in Dutch nursing homes associate with dehydration, if they observe these signs/symptoms themselves and what they do after observing them. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: In February 2020, using an online questionnaire based on a diagnostic strategy to diagnose dehydration, nursing staff was asked: (1) which signs/symptoms they associate with dehydration; (2) if they observe these signs/symptoms themselves; and (3) which actions they take after observing these signs/symptoms in a resident. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square statistics were used to describe the answers and explore significant differences between groups. RESULTS: In total, 250 RNs and 226 CNAs participated. Among RNs, 67%-99% associated the signs/symptoms of the strategy to dehydration compared with 45%-98% of the CNAs. RNs and CNAs often indicated to observe signs/symptoms from the strategy themselves (80.1% and 92.6%), but they also often relied on information given by other care professionals and the informal caregiver. Interventions taken were mainly focused on communicating findings to colleagues. CONCLUSION: Many signs/symptoms from the diagnostic strategy trigger nursing staff to think of dehydration. Results also show that a variety of formal and informal caregivers are involved in dehydration care. As RNs and CNAs did often not receive dehydration training after entering workforce, this could have limited their ability to recognize signs/symptoms related to dehydration. To ensure timely recognition of dehydration, a clear description of roles and responsibilities about dehydration care in, and between, formal and informal caregivers is essential with structurally embedded dehydration training in the nursing home. IMPACT: Tackling dehydration in the nursing home requires interdisciplinary collaboration and communication with family members. Without clear roles and responsibilities, a risk of dehydration can be left unattended.


Assuntos
Assistentes de Enfermagem , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem , Estudos Transversais , Desidratação/diagnóstico , Humanos , Casas de Saúde
13.
J Nurs Scholarsh ; 54(4): 462-469, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34919335

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Falls are a highly prevalent problem in hospitals and nursing homes with serious negative consequences such as injuries, increased care dependency, or even death. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive insight into institution-acquired fall (IAF) prevalence and risk factors for IAF in a large sample of hospital patients and nursing home residents among five different countries. DESIGN: This study reports the outcome of a secondary data analysis of cross-sectional data collected in Austria, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Turkey, and the United Kingdom in 2017 and 2018. These data include 58,319 datapoints from hospital patients and nursing home residents. METHODS: Descriptive statistics, statistical tests, logistic regression, and generalized estimating equation (GEE) models were used to analyze the data. FINDINGS: IAF prevalence in hospitals and nursing homes differed significantly between the countries. Turkey (7.7%) had the highest IAF prevalence rate for hospitals, and Switzerland (15.8%) had the highest IAF prevalence rate for nursing homes. In hospitals, our model revealed that IAF prevalence was associated with country, age, care dependency, number of medical diagnoses, surgery in the last two weeks, and fall history factors. In nursing homes, care dependency, diseases of the nervous system, and fall history were identified as significant risk factors for IAF prevalence. CONCLUSIONS: This large-scale study reveals that the most important IAF risk factor is an existing history of falls, independent of the setting. Whether a previous fall has occurred within the last 12 months is a simple question that should be included on every (nursing) assessment at the time of patient or resident admission. Our results guide the development of tailored prevention programs for persons at risk of falling in hospitals and nursing homes.


Assuntos
Avaliação Geriátrica , Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
14.
BMC Nurs ; 21(1): 77, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35365142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adapting practices to respond sensitively to increasingly culturally diverse patients can be challenging. Therefore, cultural competence among nurses needs to be assessed to evaluate their current cultural competence and the need for interventions to improve daily nursing practice. Little is known about cultural competence of nurses in German-speaking countries, including Austria, as there is currently no validated tool in German to assess cultural competence in nurses. The aims of this study were to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Cultural Competence Assessment scale in German and to evaluate its psychometric properties. METHODS: This is a methodology study with a cross-sectional design. Conducting a convenience sampling, Austrian nurses working in the direct care of patients in acute care settings were invited to participate in this study. Data collection was conducted in March 2021. The translation and cross-cultural adaptation were conducted by following the guidelines of Sousa et al. (J Eval Clin Pract 17:268-74, 2011) and Beaton et al. (Spine 25:3186-91, 2000). The face and content validity, structural validity, and internal consistency reliability of the Cultural Competence Assessment scale, which consists of 25 items, was evaluated. Data were analysed using content validity index, confirmatory factor analyses as well as McDonald's Omega. Descriptive statistics were computed with the statistical software IBM SPSS Statistics 26, while the confirmatory factor analysis was conducted with the R package Lavaan. RESULTS: Overall, 915 nurses completed the questionnaire. Twenty items had an acceptable item content validity index. Using confirmatory factor analyses, a two-factor model with 14 items yielded a good fit (x2/df = 3.16; CFI = .923; TLI = .908; RMSEA = .055 (.049-.062) and SRMR = .039). Internal consistency reliability was found to be acceptable, as indicated by a Omega of .87. CONCLUSION: The German version of the Cultural Competence Assessment scale (CCA-G) can be recommended for measuring cultural competence behaviour of nurses in acute care settings. The 14-item scale showed strong construct validity and acceptable internal consistency. Further research using repeated measures could determine the cultural sensitivity and indicate if the tool is applicable in other healthcare settings and for other healthcare professionals.

15.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 344, 2021 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over 60% of the population in sub-Saharan Africa, live in informal settlements (slums) with little or no resources. To be prepared to meet the needs of older people living in slums, it is necessary to know more about their quality of life (QoL). The objective of this review is to identify instruments, which can be used by researchers to assess the QoL of older adults living in African countries, especially those dwelling in slums. METHODS: A scoping review was performed using the databases Scopus, PubMed, and ISI Web of Science to retrieve studies published from January 2008 - September 2020. Studies were included if they reported generic QoL instruments, focused on adults with a mean age ≥ 50 and were conducted in African countries. RESULTS: In total, 18 studies were included using 7 unique instruments to measure QoL (EUROHIS-QOL-8, SWLS, WHOQOL-OLD, the WHOQOL-BREF, SF-36, SF-12 and RAND-38). All instruments could be interviewer-administered and had 5-36 items. However, little is known about their psychometric properties (validity and reliability), time-investment and cultural sensitivity of the domains included in the instruments. CONCLUSIONS: Even though this review retrieved instruments used to assess QoL of older adults in African countries, there is a need for further research on adjustment and validation of currently existing QoL instruments. In addition, the development and validation of a new instrument which can be used in (illiterate) older populations, living in slums in Africa should be considered.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , África ao Sul do Saara/epidemiologia , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Int Wound J ; 18(4): 422-431, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33942519

RESUMO

The objectives of this study were to examine the knowledge and attitude of Indonesian community nurses regarding Pressure Injury (PI) prevention. A cross-sectional design was used and included the community nurses permanently working in the Public Health Center (Puskemas) in Bandung, West Java Indonesia. Knowledge was measured using the Pressure Ulcer Knowledge Assessment Tool (PUKAT 2.0). Attitudes were measured using a predesigned instrument which included 11 statements on a five point Likert scale. All data were collected using paper-based questionnaires. The response rate was 100%. Respondents (n = 235) consisted of 80 community nursing program coordinators (34.0%) and 155 community nurses (66.0%). Regarding knowledge, the percentage of correct answers in the total group of community nurses on the PUKAT 2.0 was 30.7%. The theme "Prevention" had the lowest percentage of correct answers (20.8%). Community nurses who had additional PI or wound care training had a higher knowledge score compared with community nurses who did not have additional PI training (33.7% vs 30.3%; Z = -1.995; P = 0.046). The median attitude score was 44 (maximum score 55; range 28-55), demonstrating a positive attitude among participants towards PI prevention. Further, the higher the education status of participants, the more positive the attitudes (H = 11.773; P = 0.003). This study shows that community nurses need to improve their basic knowledge of PI prevention. Furthermore, research should be performed to explore what community nurses need to strengthen their role in PI prevention.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Lesão por Pressão , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Indonésia , Lesão por Pressão/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
J Nurs Manag ; 29(2): 186-193, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32814355

RESUMO

AIMS: We provide more updated and comprehensive insights, including descriptions of changes that have taken place in the quality of pressure injury care provided in hospitals over a 10-year period. BACKGROUND: Various nursing quality measurements do not present a comprehensive view on nursing-sensitive quality indicators or place a focus on one specific care problem. METHODS: It is a repeated cross-sectional multicentre study conducted annually on 1 day including comprehensive data regarding nursing-sensitive care problems and quality indicators on the structure, process and outcome levels. RESULTS: The prevalence of pressure injuries decreased over the years from 4.4% to 2.9%, and the frequency of interventions increased. CONCLUSION: The Nursing Quality Measurement 2.0 initiative shows considerable improvements over a 10-year period. Therefore, the maintenance of such nursing databases should be treated as a prerequisite to providing high-quality nursing care and safe nursing practice. One main benefit of creating and maintaining such databases is that allow users to screen for improvements, for example in pressure injury care. These observations can be used to develop marketing strategies and/or to empower and engage nursing staff. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: Participation in such quality measurements allows the comparison of data collected in wards and institutions in many different countries, enabling them to set appropriate benchmarks. Furthermore, the results can be compared over a period of time, highlighting systematic changes, trends or improvements (e.g., due to implemented innovations).


Assuntos
Cuidados de Enfermagem , Áustria , Estudos Transversais , Atenção à Saúde , Hospitais , Humanos
18.
J Hosp Palliat Nurs ; 23(1): 59-68, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284145

RESUMO

Palliative care focuses on symptom management, discussion of treatment and care decisions, network organization, and support of the family. As part of the advance care planning (ACP) process, staff nurses in the acute care setting are often involved in all of the above areas. It is yet unclear what nurses' roles and responsibilities are and what skills are needed in the ACP process. The themes that staff nurses and advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) discuss in relationship to ACP are manifold. This scoping review demonstrates that staff nurses' core role is advocating for the wishes and values of patients with any life-limiting disease. Staff nurses also serve as facilitators, educators, and advocates to help start ACP conversations and ease patients' transitions between settings based on well-discussed decisions. To be able to engage in ACP discussions, APRNs must have excellent communication skills. Continuous training to improve these skills is mandatory. In the future, clarifying the contribution of staff nurses and APRNs in the ACP process in relation to other members of the interprofessional team can lay the groundwork for improved interprofessional collaboration.


Assuntos
Planejamento Antecipado de Cuidados , Enfermagem de Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Cuidados Paliativos , Comunicação , Humanos
19.
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs ; 28(4): 531-548, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191536

RESUMO

WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Shared decision-making is a concept originating in the medical field, and it is ideally based on a trustful relationship between the patient and the health professionals involved. Shared decision-making shows potential to strengthen patient autonomy and encourages patients to become involved in decisions regarding their treatment. WHAT DOES THE PAPER ADD TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: A universal concept and understanding of shared decision-making with relevance specifically to psychiatric clinical practice could not be identified in the analysed literature. Shared decision-making refers to a process, and how and whether the patient wishes to participate in the decision-making process should be clarified from the very beginning. On the basis of this synthesizing review, a process model for psychiatric practice was specified and illustrated to help lead health professionals, patients and other supporters through the decision-making process. WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE?: The process of shared decision-making should be made visible to all persons involved, and it should be stated at the beginning that a decision must be made. Decisions regarding treatment are usually not limited to a single consultation. A collaborative approach including multiple health professionals and other supporters, such as peer workers and family members, is required. Psychiatric nurses could support patients during the process of decision-making and provide additional information, if requested. ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Patient involvement in decisions regarding treatment has increasingly been supported in health care, and therefore, shared decision-making (SDM), as an informative and participative approach, is promoted in the scientific literature. AIM: To review the current state of research regarding the conceptual understanding and implementation of SDM in psychiatric clinical practice. METHOD: An integrative review that included empirical, theoretical and conceptual research published between 1997 and 2019 was conducted. For this, five health-related databases were searched. RESULTS: Fourteen articles were included in the synthesis. No universal conceptual understanding of SDM regarding psychiatric care could be identified, although several articles highlighted the link with other concepts, such as autonomy and patient-centeredness. Furthermore, four additional key themes with relevance for the successful implementation of SDM in clinical practice were determined. DISCUSSION: SDM refers to a process and is usually not limited to a single consultation. SDM shows the potential to enhance patient-centred and recovery-oriented care. A collaborative approach including multiple health professionals, peer workers and family members is required. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The process of SDM should be made visible for all parties involved. Nurses in particular could play a key role by collecting information regarding patient's preferences and by providing support.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Compartilhada , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica , Tomada de Decisões , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Participação do Paciente , Psicoterapia
20.
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