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1.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyse the feasibility and changes in the collection of clinical measures after the implementation in daily practice of a checklist designed for an optimal evaluation and monitoring of patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS: An observational prospective study was performed. The feasibility of the assessment checklist (paper/on-line format) for patients with SpA was tested (time to complete the checklist, simplicity, amenity clarity, usefulness). Through a medical files review, changes in the number of the checklist variables collected were analysed previous to the implementation of the checklist and 6 months later. A descriptive and bivariate analysis was performed. RESULTS: A total 6 hospitals and 11 rheumatologists participated. The median time to checklist completion was 15 (12-20) minutes, and the mean scores for the rest of variables of the feasibility test were in general positives. A total of 83 and 68 medical files pre-implementation and post-implementation were reviewed respectively. We observed a significant increase in the collection of many of the checklist variables after the implementation. The record of BASDAI increased from 46.2% to 73.1% (p=0.001), physical activity from 48.2% to 88.2% (p<0.0001), physician global (VAS) from 28.0% to 73.5% (p<0.0001), patient global (VAS) from 48.8% to 85.3% (p<0.0001), morning stiffness from 62.8% to 84.8% (p=0.003), ASDAS from 12.2% to 32.8% (p=0.002), BASFI from 43.7% to 65.7% (p=0.008), or DAS28 from 24.7% to 46.3% (p=0.006). These changes were observed irrespectively of SpA classification. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of an assessment checklist in daily practice is feasible and improves the assessment of SpA patients.

2.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(2): 102-108, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-3371

RESUMO

Objectives: To describe the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with RA in Spain and discuss their management and implications using data from the Spanish cohort of the multinational study on COMOrbidities in Rheumatoid Arthritis (COMORA). Methods: This is a national sub-analysis of the COMORA study. We studied the demographics and disease characteristics of 200 adults patients diagnosed with RA (1987 ACR), and routine practices for screening and preventing the following selected comorbidities: cardiovascular, infections, cancer, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, osteoporosis and depression. Results: Patients had a mean age of 58 years and a mean RA duration of 10 years. Mean DAS28 score was 3.3 and approximately 25% of patients were in remission (DAS28 <2.6). Forty-four (22%) patients had ≥1 comorbidity, the most frequent being depression (27%) and obesity (26%). A history of myocardial infarction or stroke was observed in 5% and 1% of patients, respectively, and any solid tumor in 6%. Having a Framingham Risk Score >20% (51%), hypercholesterolemia (46%) or hypertension (41%) and smoking (25%) were the most common CV risk factors. For prostate, colon and skin cancers, only 9%, 10% and 18% of patients, respectively, were optimally monitored. Infections were also inadequately managed, with 7% and 17% of patients vaccinated against influenza and pneumococcal, respectively, as was osteoporosis, with 47% of patients supplemented with vitamin D and 56% with a bone densitometry performed. Conclusions: In Spain, the prevalence of comorbidities and CV risk factors in RA patients with established and advanced disease is relatively high, and their management in clinical daily practice remains suboptimal


Objetivos: Describir la prevalencia de comorbilidades en pacientes con AR en España y discutir sobre su manejo en la clínica diaria utilizando los datos de la cohorte española del estudio internacional COMORA. Métodos: Subanálisis nacional del estudio COMORA en el que se analizaron las características demográficas y clínicas de 200 pacientes con AR (1987 ACR) y las prácticas rutinarias para el cribado y la prevención de eventos cardiovasculares (CV), gastrointestinales y pulmonares, infecciones, cáncer, osteoporosis y depresión. Resultados: Los pacientes tenían una edad media de 58 años, una duración media de la enfermedad de 10 años, un DAS28 de 3,3 y el 25% estaba en remisión (DAS28 <2,6). El 22% de los pacientes presentaba al menos una comorbilidad, principalmente depresión (27%) y obesidad (26%). El 5% tenía historia de infarto de miocardio, el 1% de ictus y el 6% de tumor sólido. Una puntuación de Framingham >20% (51%), tener hipercolesterolemia (46%), hipertensión (41%) y fumar (25%) fueron los factores de riesgo CV más comunes. En relación con el cáncer de próstata, colon y piel, solo el 9, 10 y el 18% de los pacientes, respectivamente, estaban óptimamente controlados. Las infecciones tampoco se manejaban de forma óptima, con solo el 7 y el 17% de los pacientes vacunados contra la influenza y neumococo, respectivamente, al igual que la osteoporosis, con el 47% suplementados con la vitamina D y el 56% con una densitometría realizada. Conclusiones: En España, la prevalencia de comorbilidades y factores de riesgo CV en pacientes con AR establecida y avanzada es relativamente alta, y su manejo en la clínica diaria continúa siendo subóptimo

3.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30522944

RESUMO

AIMS: To describe the methodology of REAPSER (Spanish Registry of Recent-onset Psoriatic Arthritis), its strengths and limitations. The aim of this study is to identify prognostic factors for the clinical and radiographic course in a cohort of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) diagnosed within 2years of symptom evolution. METHODS: Multicenter, observational and prospective study (with 2-year follow-up including annual visits). Baseline visit intended to reflect patient situation before the disease course was modified by treatments prescribed in rheumatology departments. Patients were invited to participate consecutively in one of their routine visits to the rheumatologist. 211 patients were included. Following data were collected: sociodemographic variables; employment situation; family history; personal history and comorbidities; anthropometric data; lifestyle; use of healthcare services; clinical situation at the time of PsA diagnosis; joint involvement and spinal pain; pain and overall assessment; enthesitis, dactylitis and uveitis; skin and nail involvement; functional situation and quality of life; radiographic evaluation; analytical determinations; treatment; axial and peripheral flare-ups. CONCLUSIONS: The REAPSER study includes a cohort of patients with recent-onset PsA, before the disease course was modified by disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs prescribed in rheumatology departments. Exhaustive information collected in each visit is expected to be an important data source for future analysis.

4.
Rheumatol Int ; 37(12): 2043-2047, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28905097

RESUMO

Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) involvement is a distinctive feature of spondyloarthritis (SpA). The main objective of this study was to assess the validity of color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) in SIJ. This was a cross-sectional, blinded, case-control study of 108 cases divided into three groups: (a) 53 SpA patients with inflammatory back pain (IBP); (b) 28 SpA patients with no IBP; and (c) 27 healthy mechanical lumbar pain subjects. Physical examinations of the SIJs were assessed as positive or negative in each SIJ and were used as the gold standard. SIJs were examined with CDUS and spectral Doppler, and the SIJs were assessed as positive when both color Doppler and the resistance index (RI) were less than the cut-off point within the SIJs area. A total of 108 cases (53 female; mean age 36 ± 10 years old) were studied. The physical examination of the SIJs was positive in 38 patients (59 SIJs). Ultrasound detected Doppler signal within the SIJs in 37 cases (58 SIJs): 33 of them had symptomatic SpA (52 SIJs), 3 of them had asymptomatic SpA (5 SIJs), and 1 was a healthy control (1 SIJ). The accuracy of CDUS, when compared to physical SIJ examination, at the patient level in the overall group had a sensitivity of 70.3%, a specificity of 85.7%, a positive likelihood ratio of 4.9, and a negative likelihood ratio of 0.36. For the spectral Doppler RI, with an optimal cut-off point ≤0.75, the sensitivity was 76.2%, and the specificity was 77.8%. CDUS of SIJs seems to be a feasible and valid method for detecting active inflammation in patients with SpA.


Assuntos
Exame Físico/normas , Articulação Sacroilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Sacroileíte/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Articulação Sacroilíaca/fisiopatologia , Sacroileíte/diagnóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Método Simples-Cego , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores/economia
5.
Reumatol Clin ; 2017 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28711461

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of comorbidities in patients with RA in Spain and discuss their management and implications using data from the Spanish cohort of the multinational study on COMOrbidities in Rheumatoid Arthritis (COMORA). METHODS: This is a national sub-analysis of the COMORA study. We studied the demographics and disease characteristics of 200 adults patients diagnosed with RA (1987 ACR), and routine practices for screening and preventing the following selected comorbidities: cardiovascular, infections, cancer, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, osteoporosis and depression. RESULTS: Patients had a mean age of 58 years and a mean RA duration of 10 years. Mean DAS28 score was 3.3 and approximately 25% of patients were in remission (DAS28 <2.6). Forty-four (22%) patients had ≥1 comorbidity, the most frequent being depression (27%) and obesity (26%). A history of myocardial infarction or stroke was observed in 5% and 1% of patients, respectively, and any solid tumor in 6%. Having a Framingham Risk Score >20% (51%), hypercholesterolemia (46%) or hypertension (41%) and smoking (25%) were the most common CV risk factors. For prostate, colon and skin cancers, only 9%, 10% and 18% of patients, respectively, were optimally monitored. Infections were also inadequately managed, with 7% and 17% of patients vaccinated against influenza and pneumococcal, respectively, as was osteoporosis, with 47% of patients supplemented with vitamin D and 56% with a bone densitometry performed. CONCLUSIONS: In Spain, the prevalence of comorbidities and CV risk factors in RA patients with established and advanced disease is relatively high, and their management in clinical daily practice remains suboptimal.

6.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 8(4): 220-224, jul.-ago. 2012. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-100773

RESUMO

La enfermedad ósea de Paget es el paradigma de alteración focal esquelética con remodelado óseo acelerado. A lo largo de los años se han utilizado diferentes fármacos para el control de la actividad pero, desde la introducción de los bifosfonatos en la terapéutica de esta enfermedad, éstos se han convertido en el tratamiento de elección. A lo largo de esta revisión se abordarán de manera actualizada las indicaciones terapéuticas, los fármacos disponibles y la monitorización de la respuesta (AU)


Paget's disease of bone is the paradigm of bone focal distortion with accelerated bone turnover. Over the years, a number of different drugs have been used to control its activity but, since biphosphonates were introduced for the treatment of the disease, they have become the preferred treatment. This review will update the therapeutic indications, available drugs and therapeutic response monitoring (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Educação Médica Continuada/métodos , Osteíte Deformante/tratamento farmacológico , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Reabsorção Óssea/tratamento farmacológico , Calcitonina/uso terapêutico , Ácido Etidrônico/uso terapêutico , Monitoramento de Medicamentos , Difosfonatos/metabolismo , Difosfonatos/classificação , Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Vitamina D/uso terapêutico , Monitorização Fisiológica , Monitorização Imunológica/tendências
7.
Reumatol Clin ; 8(4): 220-4, 2012 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22230789

RESUMO

Paget's disease of bone is the paradigm of bone focal distortion with accelerated bone turnover. Over the years, a number of different drugs have been used to control its activity but, since biphosphonates were introduced for the treatment of the disease, they have become the preferred treatment. This review will update the therapeutic indications, available drugs and therapeutic response monitoring.


Assuntos
Osteíte Deformante/terapia , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Biomarcadores , Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Colágeno Tipo I/sangue , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Gerenciamento Clínico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Fraturas Espontâneas/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Hipercalcemia/etiologia , Síndromes de Compressão Nervosa/etiologia , Síndromes de Compressão Nervosa/prevenção & controle , Osteíte Deformante/complicações , Osteíte Deformante/patologia , Osteíte Deformante/cirurgia , Recidiva , Vitamina D/uso terapêutico
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