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2.
Cells ; 10(9)2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34571976

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a severe public health issue worldwide. It displays a harmful effect on different organs as the eyes, kidneys and neural cells due to insulin resistance and high blood glucose concentrations. To date, the available treatments for this disorder remain limited. Several reports have correlated obesity with type 2 diabetes. Mainly, dysfunctional adipocytes and the regulation of high secretion of inflammatory cytokines are the crucial links between obesity and insulin resistance. Several clinical and epidemiological studies have also correlated the onset of type 2 diabetes with inflammation, which is now indicated as a new target for type 2 diabetes treatment. Thus, it appears essential to discover new drugs able to inhibit the secretion of proinflammatory adipocytokines in type 2 diabetes. Adipocytes produce inflammatory cytokines in response to inflammation or high glucose levels. Once activated by a specific ligand, CXCR1 and CXCR2 mediate some cytokines' effects by activating an intracellular signal cascade once activated by a specific ligand. Therefore, it is conceivable to hypothesize that a specific antagonist of these receptors may ameliorate type 2 diabetes and glucose metabolism. Herein, differentiated 3T3-L1-adipocytes were subjected to high glucose or inflammatory conditions or the combination of both and then treated with ladarixin, a CXCR1/2 inhibitor. The results obtained point towards the positive regulation by ladarixin on insulin sensitivity, glucose transporters GLUT1 and GLUT4, cytokine proteome profile and lipid metabolism, thus suggesting ladarixin as a potentially helpful treatment in type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity.

3.
Nutrients ; 13(8)2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We previously reported that severe COVID-19 patients had higher chances of survival and a reduced risk of developing respiratory failure when administered with the probiotic formulation SLAB51. This study aimed to investigate further bacteriotherapy mechanisms and how early they are activated. METHODS: We performed an analysis on the blood oxygenation parameters collected in sixty-nine severe COVID-19 patients requiring non-invasive oxygen therapy and presenting a CT lung involvement ≥50%. Twenty-nine patients received low-molecular-weight heparin, azithromycin and Remdesivir. In addition, forty subjects received SLAB51. Blood gas analyses were performed before the beginning of treatments and at 24 h. RESULTS: The patients receiving only standard therapy needed significantly increased oxygen amounts during the 24 h observation period. Furthermore, they presented lower blood levels of pO2, O2Hb and SaO2 than the group also supplemented with oral bacteriotherapy. In vitro data suggest that SLAB51 can reduce nitric oxide synthesis in intestinal cells. CONCLUSIONS: SARS-CoV-2 infected patients may present lesions in the lungs compromising their gas exchange capability. The functionality of the organs essential for these patients' survival depends mainly on the levels of pO2, O2Hb and SaO2. SLAB51 contains enzymes that could reduce oxygen consumption in the intestine, making it available for the other organs.


Assuntos
COVID-19/terapia , Oxigênio/uso terapêutico , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Monofosfato de Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Monofosfato de Adenosina/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Alanina/análogos & derivados , Alanina/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Azitromicina/uso terapêutico , Gasometria , Linhagem Celular , Feminino , Heparina , Humanos , Hipóxia , Itália , Pulmão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
5.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(13): 17024-17037, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198265

RESUMO

Subclinical atrial fibrillation (SCAF) is associated with an increased risk of clinical AF, major cardiovascular events and death. Short-term evidence on SCAF in older populations is scarce, especially in the hospital setting. We performed a cross-sectional study on 60 multimorbid older consecutive patients (aged 80+) admitted to an Internal Medicine and Geriatrics Unit for acute medical diseases with no history of AF, in order to investigate prevalence and predictors of SCAF. Portable ECG monitoring was placed on admission and ECG recording lasted for 5 days. Mean age: 85.7±4.9 years. Female prevalence: 58.3%. High burden of comorbidities: 87.9%. All enrolled patients had CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥3. SCAF was detected in 16 patients (26.7%) and 11 patients (18.4%) had at least a SCAF episode lasting 6 minutes or longer. No clinical, laboratory and echocardiographic parameters predicted SCAF. Patients with ≥2004 supraventricular ectopic beats/24h (SVEBs/24h) had a 6-fold higher prevalence of SCAF than patients with <411 SVEBs/24h (p=0.038). Time to first SCAF episode was within 3 days of ECG recording in all enrolled patients. SCAF is highly prevalent in older adults hospitalized for acute diseases. This finding may affect clinical management and prognosis. Our study could foster larger multicenter studies in similar settings.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica , Hospitalização , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
6.
Nutrients ; 13(3)2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33803197

RESUMO

Fibrosis is a severe complication of chronic inflammatory disorders, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Current strategies are not fully effective in treating fibrosis; therefore, innovative anti-fibrotic approaches are urgently needed. TGF-ß1 plays a central role in the fibrotic process by inducing myofibroblast differentiation and excessive extracellular matrix (ECM) protein deposition. Here, we explored the potential anti-fibrotic impact of two high concentration multi-strain probiotic formulations on TGF-ß1-activated human intestinal colonic myofibroblast CCD-18Co. Human colonic fibroblast CCD-18Co cells were cultured in the presence of TGF-ß1 to develop a fibrotic phenotype. Cell viability and growth were measured using the Trypan Blue dye exclusion test. The collagen-I, α-SMA, and pSmad2/3 expression levels were evaluated by Western blot analysis. Fibrosis markers were also analyzed by immunofluorescence and microscopy. The levels of TGF-ß1 in the culture medium were assessed by ELISA. The effects of commercially available probiotic products VSL#3® and Vivomixx® were evaluated as the soluble fraction of bacterial lysates. The results suggested that the soluble fraction of Vivomixx® formulation, but not VSL#3®, was able to antagonize the pro-fibrotic effects of TGF-ß1 on CCD-18Co cells, being able to prevent all of the cellular and molecular parameters that are related to the fibrotic phenotype. The mechanism underlying the observed effect appeared to be associated with inhibition of the TGF-ß1/Smad signaling pathway. To our knowledge, this study provides the first experimental evidence that Vivomixx® could be considered to be a promising candidate against intestinal fibrosis, being able to antagonize TGF-ß1 pro-fibrotic effects. The differences that were observed in our fibrosis model between the two probiotics used could be attributable to the different number of strains in different proportions.


Assuntos
Extratos Celulares/farmacologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/microbiologia , Enteropatias/prevenção & controle , Intestinos/patologia , Probióticos/química , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Processos de Crescimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Fibrose , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Enteropatias/microbiologia , Enteropatias/patologia , Intestinos/microbiologia , Miofibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenótipo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
7.
Infez Med ; 29(1): 54-64, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33664173

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to explore the psychological impact of the initial stage of the 2019 coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on people living with HIV (PLWH), a population at increased risk of psychological distress. PLWH participated in an online survey exploring demographic and clinical data, physical symptoms, contact history, knowledge and concerns, precautionary measures and additional information about COVID-19 during the first phase of the pandemic in Italy. The Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) (identifying the COVID-19 pandemic as a specific traumatic life event) and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) also formed part of the survey. Out of 98 participants, 45% revealed from mild to severe psychological impact from COVID-19 according to IES-R. A lower percentage, instead, complained of significant levels of depression (14%), anxiety (11%) or stress (6%) according to DASS-21. Higher education, being unemployed, number of perceived COVID-19 physical symptoms, concerns about risk of contracting COVID-19 and the pandemic situation in Italy, and needing additional information to prevent COVID-19 infection were positively associated to a higher risk of negative psychological impact. Moreover, among the participants, female gender, age, fewer years from HIV diagnosis and not being aware of their own viremia were associated to a higher risk of negative psychological outcomes. Almost half of our PLWH sample experienced significant levels of distress related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Women, elderly patients and those with recent HIV diagnosis appear to be the more psychologically fragile subgroups. Our findings could help identify patients most in need of psychological interventions to improve the wellbeing of PLWH.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Pandemias , Angústia Psicológica , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Desemprego/psicologia
8.
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses ; 37(6): 486-488, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33587008

RESUMO

The GEMINI trials have showed that the two drugs regimen of dolutegravir+lamivudine (DTG +3TC) was noninferior to a three-drug regimen as a first line regimen for treatment-naive people living with HIV. The aim of our study was to confirm, in a real-life setting, the efficacy of this regimen. We conducted a retrospective, observational study enrolling treatment-naive patients starting a first-line regimen with lamivudine plus dolutegravir. We evaluated the virological efficacy and the immunological and metabolic profiles. Changes from baseline were evaluated through linear-mixed models for repeated measures. Linear regression analyses were performed to explore variables associated to significant changes in laboratory parameters. We analyzed a total of 20 patients: 15 (75%) were men with a median age of 34.5 years. During a cumulative time of 15.4 patients years of follow up (PYFU), we did not observe any adverse event or treatment discontinuation and all patients achieved virological suppression in the first 6 months from treatment initiation. Increase in CD4+ cells was significant at both week 24 (p = .003) and week 48 (p = .007) of follow-up. Moreover, CD4/CD8 ratio also significantly improved [median increase of +0.22 (p = .028) after 48 weeks of follow-up]. As to metabolic parameters, we observed no significant changes in total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In a subgroup of 11 patients, we further investigate HIV-1 DNA variations. Our results are in line with the findings of the GEMINI trials, confirming the efficacy and safety of DTG +3TC in treatment-naive patients.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV , Infecções por HIV , HIV-1 , Adulto , Fármacos Anti-HIV/efeitos adversos , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Lamivudina/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Oxazinas/uso terapêutico , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Int J Antimicrob Agents ; 57(2): 106252, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33259914

RESUMO

Despite successful antiretroviral therapy (ART), patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can develop multi-class drug resistance (MDR). This retrospective study aimed to explore the prevalence of HIV-1 drug resistance over the past two decades by focusing on HIV-MDR and its predictors. ART-experienced patients with HIV with results from at least one plasma genotypic resistance test (GRT) from 1998 to 2018, from the Antiviral Response Cohort Analysis database, were included in this study. The temporal trend of resistance to any drug class was evaluated by considering all GRTs. Prevalence and predictors of HIV-MDR were analysed by consideration of cumulative GRTs. Among 15 628 isolates from 6802 patients, resistance to at least one drug class decreased sharply from 1998 to 2010 (1998-2001: 78%; 2008-2010: 59%; P<0.001) and then remained relatively constant at approximately 50% from 2011 to 2018, with the proportion of isolates with HIV-MDR also stable (approximately 9%). By evaluating factors associated with cumulative HIV-MDR, the following factors were found to be associated with increased risk of HIV-MDR on multi-variate analysis: male gender; sexual and vertical transmission; number of previous protease inhibitors, nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and non-NRTIs; previous exposure to integrase strand transfer inhibitors, enfuvirtide and maraviroc; and co-infection with hepatitis B virus. In contrast, a nadir CD4 cell count ≥200 cells/mm3, starting first-line ART in 2008 or later and co-infection with hepatitis C virus were associated with lower risk of HIV-MDR. In conclusion, this study revealed that HIV-1 drug resistance has been stable since 2011 despite its dramatic decrease over the past two decades. HIV-MDR is still present, although at a lower rate, suggesting the need for continuous surveillance and accurate management of ART-experienced patients with HIV.

10.
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses ; 37(6): 429-432, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33280486

RESUMO

We tried to investigate and compare the safety of a dual therapy (DT) with dolutegravir+lamivudine (DTG +3TC) versus bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (BIC/FTC/TAF). We performed a retrospective analysis in a cohort of virologically suppressed HIV+ pts switching to DT or BIC in our center. Primary endpoint was to evaluate time to treatment discontinuation (TD) for any cause. Survival analysis was employed to determine time to TD and its predictors were analyzed by Cox regression. Moreover, we collected viro-immunological parameters as well as markers of renal function and lipid profile at baseline and after 24 weeks and assessed changes through nonparametric tests. We analyzed 476 patients: 350 starting a DT and 126 starting BIC. Overall, we registered 21 TD: 15 in the DT group during 170 patient-years of follow-up (PYFU) (a rate of 8.8 per 100 PYFU) and 6 in the BIC one during 48 PYFU (12.5 per 100 PYFU). Estimated probabilities of maintaining study regimen after 24 weeks were 95.5% [standard deviation (SD) ±1.1] in the DT group and 94.9% (SD ±2.0) in the BIC group, with no significant differences between them (log-rank p = .639). Concerning metabolic profile, in the DT group, after 24 weeks, triglycerides decreased significantly (median change -14 mg/dL, p < .001), whereas high-density lipoprotein cholesterol increased (+3 mg/dL, p = .031). In the BIC group, meanwhile, we observed a significant decrease in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol after 24 weeks (-13 mg/dL, p = .026). Both optimization strategies showed high tolerability in the short term in experienced pts, with few differences between them. Further studies are needed to properly assess the matter.

11.
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses ; 37(5): 350-356, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33323014

RESUMO

Currently approved 2-drug therapies are as effective as 3-drug regimens but could potentially lead to increased cancer risk due to less efficient immune recovery. We conducted a longitudinal cohort study in a tertiary Italian hospital to investigate HIV+ patients starting a triple therapy (TT) (2 NRTIs +3rd agent) or a dual therapy (DT) (3TC/FTC+boosted-PI, boosted-DRV+RAL, and 3TC/FTC or RPV+DTG) regimen between 2009 and 2018. The effect of DT (vs. TT) on tumor onset was evaluated by the multivariable Cox regression and the marginal structural Cox model, after estimating the inverse probability of treatment weights (IPTW). One thousand one hundred and seven patients who had a median follow-up of 4.2 person-years (py) were evaluated; 69.2% were males, with a median age of 43 years. Overall 2,513 treatments were started during the study period (479 DT, 2,034 TT). Eight tumors occurred over 965 py with DT and 35 over 3,817 py during TT (p = .797). In the Cox regression, DT did not predict an increased risk of tumor compared with TT (HR 1.14; p = .757) after adjusting for potential confounders. A marginal structural model using IPTW (HR 0.68; p = .328) and stabilized IPTW (HR 0.69; p = .361) confirmed this result. Preliminary findings from our cohort do not suggest an increased risk of tumors with DT compared to TT.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV , Infecções por HIV , Neoplasias , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Adulto , Fármacos Anti-HIV/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Hospitais , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Lamivudina/uso terapêutico , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/epidemiologia
12.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(12)2020 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33260360

RESUMO

Literature on the role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in head and neck cancer (HNC) in Italy is limited, especially for non-oropharyngeal tumours. Within the context of the HPV-AHEAD study, we aimed to assess the prognostic value of different tests or test algorithms judging HPV carcinogenicity in HNC and factors related to HPV positivity at the European Institute of Oncology. We conducted a retrospective cohort study (2000-2010) on a total of 696 primary HNC patients. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded cancer tissues were studied. All HPV-DNA-positive and a random sample of HPV-DNA-negative cases were subjected to HPV-E6*I mRNA detection and p16INK4a staining. Multivariate models were used to assess for factors associated with HPV positivity and proportional hazards for survival and recurrence. The percentage of HPV-driven cases (considering HPV-E6*I mRNA positivity) was 1.8, 2.2, and 40.4% for oral cavity (OC), laryngeal (LC), and oropharyngeal (OPC) cases, respectively. The estimates were similar for HPV-DNA/p16INK4a double positivity. Being a non-smoker or former smoker or diagnosed at more recent calendar periods were associated with HPV-E6*I mRNA positivity only in OPC. Being younger was associated with HPV-E6*I mRNA positivity in LC. HPV-driven OPC, but not HPV-driven OC and LC, showed better 5 year overall and disease-free survival. Our data show that HPV prevalence in OPC was much higher than in OC and LC and observed to increase in most recent years. Moreover, HPV positivity conferred better prognosis only in OPC. Novel insights on the role of HPV in HNC in Italy are provided, with possible implications in the clinical management of these patients.

14.
Nutrients ; 13(1)2020 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33375429

RESUMO

During the last few years increasing interest has been focused on antioxidants as potentially useful agents in the prevention of the onset and progression of cognitive dysfunction. In this randomized, double-blind, controlled, parallel arm study, the effects of daily consumption of an antioxidant mix on cognitive function in healthy older adults were evaluated. After a 1 week run-in period, 80 subjects aged 60 years or more, and with no evidence of cognitive dysfunction, were randomly allocated to a mix of four bioactive compounds (bacopa, lycopene, astaxanthin, and vitamin B12) or matched placebo, taken orally once a day for 8 weeks. The primary objective of the study was to evaluate the changes in trial making test (TMT) scores from baseline to 8 weeks of treatment, analyzed in the following hierarchical order: TMT-B, TMT-A, and TMT-B minus TMT-A. TMT-B increased in the control group (+3.46 s) and decreased in the active group (-17.63 s). The treatment difference was -21.01 s in favor of the active group (95% C.I. -26.80 to -15.2, p < 0.0001). The decrease in TMT-A was significantly higher in the active group (-6.86 s) than in the control group (-0.37 s). TMT-B minus TMT-A increased in the control group (+3.84 s) and decreased in the active group (-10.46 s). The increase in letter fluency in the verbal fluency test (VFT) was also significantly higher in the active group and statistically significant (+5.28 vs. +1.07 words; p < 0.001). Our findings provide encouraging evidence that regular dietary supplementation with bacopa, lycopene, astaxanthin, and vitamin B12 may be an effective dietary approach for counteracting cognitive changes associated with brain aging.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Bacopa/química , Função Executiva/efeitos dos fármacos , Licopeno/administração & dosagem , Vitamina B 12/administração & dosagem , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Cognição/efeitos dos fármacos , Cognição/fisiologia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Placebos , Xantofilas/administração & dosagem
15.
AIDS Care ; : 1-8, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33172289

RESUMO

Little is known about long-term maintenance of virologic suppression in HIV migrants in Italy. The study aims to compare virologic failure rates and associated factors among antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve migrants and natives enrolled in the ARCA database since 2007 who achieved virologic suppression within 18 months from the beginning of the ART. Kaplan-Meier method assessed the probability of virologic suppression and failure. Cox regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Of 2515 patients, 2020 (80.3%) were Italian, 286 (10.6%) migrants from low-income countries, of whom 201 (75.0%) from Africa, and 227 (9.0%) from high-income-countries. The median follow-up was 4.5 years (IQR 2.5-7). No difference was observed in the time of achievement of virological suppression in the three groups (log-rank: p = 0.5687). Higher probability of virologic failure was observed in Africans compared to Italians, to patients from high-income-countries and from low-income-countries other than Africans (Log-rank = p < 0.001). In the adjusted analysis, a higher virologic failure risk was found in Africans only compared to Italians. [HR 4.01; 95% CI 2.44-6.56, p < 0.001]. In Italy, African migrants are less likely to maintain virologic suppression compared to natives and other migrants. Targeted interventions could be needed for foreigners, especially for Africans.

19.
Cancer Cell Int ; 20: 167, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32435158

RESUMO

Background: Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), an inflammation-associated enzyme, has been implicated in tumorigenesis and progression of glioblastoma (GBM). The poor survival of GBM was mainly associated with the presence of glioma stem cells (GSC) and the markedly inflammatory microenvironment. To further explore the involvement of COX-2 in glioma biology, the effects of NS398, a selective COX-2 inhibitor, were evaluated on GSC derived from COX-2 expressing GBM cell lines, i.e., U87MG and T98G, in terms of neurospheres' growth, autophagy, and extracellular vesicle (EV) release. Methods: Neurospheres' growth and morphology were evaluated by optical and scanning electron microscopy. Autophagy was measured by staining acidic vesicular organelles. Extracellular vesicles (EV), released from neurospheres, were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy. The autophagic proteins Beclin-1 and LC3B, as well as the EV markers CD63 and CD81, were analyzed by western blotting. The scratch assay test was used to evaluate the NS398 influence on GBM cell migration. Results: Both cell lines were strongly influenced by NS398 exposure, as showed by morphological changes, reduced growth rate, and appearance of autophagy. Furthermore, the inhibitor led to a functional change of EV released by neurospheres. Indeed, EV secreted by NS398-treated GSC, but not those from control cells, were able to significantly inhibit adherent U87MG and T98G cell migration and induced autophagy in recipient cells, thus leading to effects quite similar to those directly caused by NS398 in the same cells. Conclusion: Despite the intrinsic diversity and individual genetic features of U87MG and T98G, comparable effects were exerted by the COX-2 inhibitor NS398 on both GBM cell lines. Overall, our findings support the crucial role of the inflammatory-associated COX-2/PGE2 system in glioma and glioma stem cell biology.

20.
Nutrients ; 12(4)2020 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32283870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nickel (Ni) oral consumption may elicit systemic reactions in patients affected by systemic nickel allergy syndrome (SNAS), including gastrointestinal symptoms, which in turn are associated with gut dysbiosis. We evaluated the effects of a low-Ni diet alone or in combination with the oral consumption of appropriate probiotics on Ni-sensitivity and urinary dysbiosis markers in SNAS patients. METHODS: n = 51 patients with SNAS and concomitant intestinal dysbiosis were enrolled in the study. According to the urinary indican/skatole levels, quantified through a colorimetric and a high-performance liquid chromatographic method, respectively, patients were assigned to a dysbiosis type/grade and followed a low-Ni diet for three months. Along with the diet, 22 patients also consumed probiotics based on the dysbiosis type. In particular, a Lactobacilli- or Bifidobacteria-containing formulation was administered to patients with fermentative or putrefactive dysbiosis, respectively, while a broad-spectrum probiotic formulation containing both Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria was administered to patients with mixed dysbiosis. After three months, patients were invited to repeat the Ni-stimulation and the dysbiosis tests. RESULTS: The fermentative dysbiosis group represented the largest group followed by the mixed dysbiosis group, while only two patients had putrefactive dysbiosis. Overall, at three months of treatment in general (diet alone with or without probiotics), the Ni-sensitivity and dysbiosis levels were strongly ameliorated. The association of a low-Ni diet with a specific probiotic oral supplementation was significantly more effective in decreasing dysbiosis levels or reaching eubiosis than with diet alone. CONCLUSION: Our results, while confirming the benefits of a low-Ni diet in SNAS patients, strongly support that appropriate adjuvant treatment with probiotics significantly helps to improve intestinal dysbiosis or restore a healthy microbiota.


Assuntos
Suplementos Nutricionais , Disbiose , Gastroenteropatias/etiologia , Gastroenteropatias/terapia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Hipersensibilidade/terapia , Níquel/administração & dosagem , Níquel/efeitos adversos , Probióticos/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Adolescente , Adulto , Bifidobacterium , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/microbiologia , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/microbiologia , Lactobacillus , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome , Adulto Jovem
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