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1.
Arch Suicide Res ; : 1-15, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36453447

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to characterize healthcare use for general care and mental health one year before suicidal behavior among individuals with fatal and non-fatal suicidal behavior (NFSB) in Cape Town, South Africa. We linked electronic health records of 484 participants from a case series of 93 completed suicides on whom forensic autopsies were performed at a mortuary in Cape Town, between August 2014 and January 2016; and 391 patients admitted to hospital following NFSB between June 2014 and March 2015, and between August 2015 and August 2017. Time from last healthcare visit to date of suicidal behavior (fatal or non-fatal) was calculated, and Kaplan Meier curves were used to compare the differences by psychiatric diagnoses and study group. Overall, 64.5% of completed suicides and 65.9% of NFSB patients sought general healthcare in the year before suicidal behavior. Most of these visits occurred at hospital outpatient clinics (40.8%) and primary healthcare facilities (31.3%). The prevalence of preexisting psychiatric diagnoses and the use of mental healthcare services was lower for individuals who completed suicide compared to NFSB patients. Common reasons for a healthcare visit among individuals who completed suicide were chronic disease and assault; and psychiatric illness (depression, bipolar, and/or substance use disorders), chronic disease and HIV among NFSB patients. A large proportion of individuals with fatal and NFSB interacted with the healthcare system before suicidal behavior. These findings suggest opportunities for suicide prevention at primary healthcare facilities, antiretroviral treatment centers and emergency departments.HIGHLIGHTSHealthcare access is common among individuals with fatal and NFSB in the year before suicidal behavior.The prevalence of mental disorder diagnoses is higher among NFSB patients than among individuals who completed suicide.A greater proportion of NFSB patients accessed mental healthcare services compared to individuals who completed suicide.

2.
BMJ Open ; 12(9): e048129, 2022 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36180122

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The Cardiff Model of data sharing for violence prevention is premised on the idea that the majority of injury cases presenting at health facilities as a result of interpersonal violence will not be reported to the police. The aim of this study was to determine the concordance between violent crimes reported to the police with violence-related injuries presenting at health facilities in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of secondary cross-sectional health and police data, from three health facilities and three police stations in the community of Khayelitsha, Cape Town. 781 cases of injuries arising from interpersonal violence seen at health facilities were compared with 739 violence-related crimes reported at police stations over five separate week-long sampling periods from 2013 to 2015. Personal identifiers, name and surname, were used to match cases. RESULTS: Of the 708 cases presenting at health facilities, 104 (14.7%) were matched with police records. The addition of non-reported cases of violence-related injuries from the health dataset to the police-reported crime statistics resulted in an 81.7% increase in potential total violent crimes over the reporting period. Compared with incidents reported to the police, those not reported were more likely to involve male patients (difference: +47.0%; p<0.001) and sharp object injuries (difference: +24.7%; p<0.001). Push/kick/punch injuries were more frequent among reporting than non-reporting patients (difference: +17.5%; p<0.001). CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the majority of injuries arising from interpersonal violence presenting at health facilities in Khayelitsha are not reported to the police. A data-sharing model between health services and the police should be implemented to inform violence surveillance and reduction.


Assuntos
Polícia , Violência , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , África do Sul/epidemiologia
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35897345

RESUMO

Despite the fact that several cases of unsafe pesticide use among farmers in different parts of Africa have been documented, there is limited evidence regarding which specific interventions are effective in reducing pesticide exposure and associated risks to human health and ecology. The overall goal of the African Pesticide Intervention Project&nbsp;(APsent) study is to better understand ongoing research and public health activities related to interventions in Africa through the implementation of suitable target-specific situations or use contexts. A systematic review of the scientific literature on pesticide intervention studies with a focus on Africa was conducted. This was followed by a qualitative survey among stakeholders involved in pesticide research or management in the African region to learn about barriers to and promoters of successful interventions. The project was concluded with an international workshop in November 2021, where a broad range of topics relevant to occupational and environmental health risks were discussed such as acute poisoning, street pesticides, switching to alternatives, or disposal of empty pesticide containers. Key areas of improvement identified were training on pesticide usage techniques, research on the effectiveness of interventions targeted at exposure reduction and/or behavioral changes, awareness raising, implementation of adequate policies, and enforcement of regulations and processes.


Assuntos
Exposição Ocupacional , Praguicidas , Agricultura , Fazendeiros , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
4.
J Int AIDS Soc ; 25(6): e25938, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35700052

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Conditional cash transfers (CTs) augmented with other interventions are promising interventions for reducing HIV risk in adolescent girls and young women. METHODS: A multi-phase, quasi-experimental study assessed the impact of a CT (ZAR300; $22) conditional on attending a skills building intervention, Women of Worth (WoW), designed to improve sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes in Cape Town, South Africa from May 2017 to December 2019. The intervention entailed 12 sessions with encouragement to attend adolescent and youth-friendly health services. Women aged 19-24 years were randomized 1:1 to receive the intervention with a CT ("cash + care" or C+C) or without a CT ("care"). The study included a pilot phase followed by a post-modification phase with improved uptake and retention without changing programme content or CT. Self-reported HIV prevalence and SRH/HIV vulnerability were assessed via a self-administered questionnaire at baseline, after 11 sessions, and 6-30 months' post-intervention for a subset. Mixed effect logistic regression models were fitted to estimate within-subject changes in outcomes. RESULTS: Of 5116 participants, 904 (452 participants per arm) were in the pilot and 4212 (2039 "care" participants and 2173 "C+C" participants) were in the post modified phase. There were 1867 (85.9%) and 135 (6,6%) participants in the "C+C" group and the "Care," respectively, that were WoW completers (≥ 11 sessions/retention). During the pilot phase, 194 (42.9%) and 18 (4.0%) participants in "C+C" and the "care" groups were retained. Receiving a CT sustained participation nearly 60-fold (OR 60.37; 95% CI: 17.32; 210.50, p <0.001). Three-hundred and thirty women were followed for a median of 15.0 months [IQR: 13.3; 17.8] to assess the durability of impact. Self-reported new employment status increased more than three-fold (p <0.001) at WoW completion and was sustained to the longer time point. Intimate partner violence indicators were reduced immediately after WoW, but this was not durable. CONCLUSIONS: Participants receiving CT had sustained participation in an SRH/HIV prevention skills building with improvement in employment and some SRH outcomes. Layered, "young woman centred" programmes to address HIV and SRH risk in young women may be enhanced with CT.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Saúde Sexual , Adolescente , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Comportamento Sexual , África do Sul/epidemiologia
5.
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr ; 89(5): 527-536, 2022 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34974470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The intellectually demanding modern workplace is often dependent on good cognitive health, yet there is little understanding of how neurocognitive dysfunction related to HIV presents in employed individuals working in high-risk vocations such as driving. HIV-associated neurocognitive impairment is also associated with poorer long-term cognitive, health, and employment outcomes. SETTING: This study, set in Cape Town, South Africa, assessed the effects of HIV on neuropsychological test performance in employed male professional drivers. METHOD: We administered a neuropsychological test battery spanning 7 cognitive domains and obtained behavioral data, anthropometry, and medical biomarkers from 3 groups of professional drivers (68 men with HIV, 55 men with cardiovascular risk factors, and 81 controls). We compared the drivers' cognitive profiles and used multiple regression modeling to investigate whether between-group differences persisted after considering potentially confounding sociodemographic and clinical variables (ie, income, home language, depression, and the Framingham risk score). RESULTS: Relative to other study participants, professional drivers with HIV performed significantly more poorly on tests assessing processing speed (P < 0.003) and attention and working memory (P = 0.018). Group membership remained a predictor of cognitive performance after controlling for potential confounders. The cognitive deficits observed in men with HIV were, however, largely characterized as being mild or asymptomatic. Consistent with this characterization, their relatively poor performance on neuropsychological testing did not generalize to self-reported impairment on activities of daily living. CONCLUSION: Drivers with HIV may be at risk of poorer long-term health and employment outcomes. Programs that monitor and support their long-term cognitive health are needed.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Infecções por HIV , Atividades Cotidianas , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/complicações , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Ocupações , África do Sul/epidemiologia
6.
Arch Environ Occup Health ; 77(10): 789-799, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34933659

RESUMO

Pesticides are a commonly used agent for suicide in many Low- and Middle-Income countries (LMICs). However, accumulating evidence suggests that exposure to organophosphate (OP) pesticide may also increase the risk of suicide. We conducted a hospital-based case-control study to investigate whether prior household, garden or occupational OP exposure were associated with attempted suicide using conditional logistic regression modeling. Participants who attempted suicide with any means and were admitted to two Western Cape Province hospitals in South Africa were compared to a sample of controls matched by age, sex and time of admission with unrelated conditions, between August 2015 and August 2017. The means of attempted suicide was not recorded. OP exposure was determined by dialkyl phosphate (DAP) metabolites detected in hair and by environmental and occupational history. Approximately 85% of participants reported using pesticides in the home or garden and 15% of participants reported current or past occupational exposure while working on a farm. Attempted suicide was not associated with reported home or garden OP use (Odds ratio [OR] = 0.59, 95%CI 0.33-1.04), hair DAP metabolites (OR = 1.00, 95%CI 0.98-1.02) or current or past agricultural work (OR = 1.08, 95%CI 0.62-1.87), but was associated with hazardous drinking and unemployment with no household income. We found no evidence that attempted suicide was associated with environmental or occupational pesticide use in an urban South African population attending an emergency center.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Praguicidas , Agricultura , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Humanos , Organofosfatos , Compostos Organofosforados , Fosfatos , Fatores de Risco , África do Sul/epidemiologia
8.
Gates Open Res ; 5: 90, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286217

RESUMO

Background Cape Town, a South African city with high levels of economic inequality, has gone through two COVID-19 waves. There is evidence globally that low-income communities experience higher levels of morbidity and mortality during the pandemic. Methods Age-standardized COVID-19 mortality in the eight sub-districts of Cape Town was compared by economic indicators taken from the most recent Census (unemployment rate, monthly income). Results The overall Standardized Death Rate (SDR) for COVID-19 in Cape Town was 1 640 per million, but there was wide variation across the different sub-districts. A linear relationship was seen between sub-districts with high poverty and high COVID-19 SDRs. Conclusions Low-income communities in Cape Town experienced higher levels of COVID-19 mortality. As we continue to contend with COVID-19, these communities need to be prioritized for access to quality health care.

9.
Prim Health Care Res Dev ; 22: e28, 2021 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34109933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health committees are participatory structures providing community input in health systems. Community participation is a critical tenant in the Alma-Ata Declaration and the Right to Health. In South Africa, national and provincial legislation provides for health committees to be established at all primary health care facilities. AIMS: This paper aims to analyze whether the Western Cape Health Facility Boards and Committees Act (2016) is likely to result in effective and meaningful participation consistent with a Primary Health Care (PHC) and human rights approach to participation. The paper also explores whether the provincial Act addresses challenges identified in practice. METHODS: The methods consist of an analysis of the Western Cape Health Facility Boards and Committees Act, which is then compared to the international PHC and human rights approach to participation. Findings from an explorative mixed-methods study with health committees in Cape Town are used to discuss whether the Act addresses shortcomings identified in practised participation. FINDINGS AND ANALYSIS: The paper found that the current legislation is unlikely to lead to effective and meaningful participation. First, the roles prescribed in the Act are narrowly defined. They resemble roles practised and are inconsistent with right-based and PHC frameworks. Second, though the Act provides support, which the empirical research demonstrates is necessary, the support is insufficient, and often contingent. Third, the Act conceptualizes health committees as structures appointed by the Provincial Minister of Health; a formation process likely to lead to structures that do not adequately represent community interests. CONCLUSIONS: The paper argues that the Western Cape legislation is unlikely to lead to effective and meaningful participation. It suggests using international PHC and human rights frameworks and national policy documents to restructure health committee participation in the Act and the National Health Insurance Bill.


Assuntos
Participação da Comunidade , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Humanos , África do Sul
10.
J Emerg Nurs ; 47(4): 557-562, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34116865

RESUMO

An infarction in the right coronary artery affects the inferior wall of the heart and can also cause impedance to the cardiac conduction system. The right coronary artery perfuses the sinoatrial and atrioventricular nodes, and a loss of blood flow contributes to a breakdown in the communication system within the heart, causing associated bradycardias, heart blocks, and arrhythmias. This case report details the prehospital and emergency care of a middle-aged man who experienced an inferior myocardial infarction, concomitant third-degree heart block, and subsequent cardiogenic shock, with successful revascularization. This case is informative for emergency clinicians to review symptoms of acute coronary syndrome, rapid lifesaving diagnostics and intervention, and the unique treatment and monitoring considerations associated with right ventricular involvement and third-degree heart block.


Assuntos
Infarto Miocárdico de Parede Inferior , Infarto do Miocárdio , Bloqueio Cardíaco/complicações , Bloqueio Cardíaco/diagnóstico , Bloqueio Cardíaco/terapia , Humanos , Infarto Miocárdico de Parede Inferior/complicações , Infarto Miocárdico de Parede Inferior/diagnóstico , Infarto Miocárdico de Parede Inferior/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Choque Cardiogênico/diagnóstico
11.
Prim Health Care Res Dev ; 22: e31, 2021 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34127167

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Community participation is an essential component in a primary health care (PHC) and a human rights approach to health. In South Africa, community participation in PHC is organised through health committees linked to all clinics. AIMS: This paper analyses health committees' roles, their degree of influence in decision-making and factors impacting their participation. METHODS: Data were collected through a mixed-methods study consisting of a cross-sectional survey, focus groups, interviews and observations. The findings from the survey were analysed using simple descriptive statistics. The qualitative data were analysed using thematic content analysis. Data on health committees' roles were analysed according to a conceptual framework adapted from the Arnstein ladder of participation to measure the degree of participation. FINDINGS: The study found that 55 per cent of clinics in Cape Town were linked to a health committee. The existing health committees faced sustainability and functionality challenges and primarily practised a form of limited participation. Their decision-making influence was curtailed, and they mainly functioned as a voluntary workforce assisting clinics with health promotion talks and day-to-day operational tasks. Several factors impacted health committee participation, including lack of clarity on health committees' roles, health committee members' skills, attitudes of facility managers and ward councillors, limited resources and support and lack of recognition. CONCLUSIONS: To create meaningful participation, health committee roles should be defined in accordance with a PHC and human rights framework. Their primary role should be to function as health governance structures at facility level, but they should also have access to influence policy development. Consideration should be given to their potential involvement in addressing social determinants of health. Effective participation requires an enabling environment, including support, financial resources and training.


Assuntos
Participação da Comunidade , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Grupos Focais , Direitos Humanos , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , África do Sul
12.
Front Public Health ; 9: 606050, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34046383

RESUMO

Background: This paper assesses changes in the socioeconomic inequality in alcohol consumption by exploring whether alcohol consumption (current and binge drinkers) is more prevalent among the wealthier (pro-rich) or poorer (pro-poor) group over time. Methods: Data come from the 2008, 2010/11, 2012, and 2014/15 waves of the National Income Dynamics Study (NIDS). Various equity stratifiers (sex, age, race, and rural/urban) are used to analyze the prevalence of alcohol consumption and to investigate differences in socioeconomic inequalities. Changes in socioeconomic inequality in alcohol consumption between 2008 and 2014/15 were also assessed using the concentration index. Results: Current drinkers were more concentrated among richer South Africans, while binge drinkers were concentrated among the poorer population. For current drinkers, irrespective of sex, race, age, and urban, socioeconomic inequality in alcohol consumption had become less pro-rich between 2008 and 2014/15; while inequality in binge drinking, outside of the Asian/Indian and rural categories, had become less pro-poor between 2008 and 2014/15. Conclusion: The results show evidence that binge drinking is a bigger problem among those of low-SES, young individuals, male and African populations. This paper concludes that the SA government should continue to push forward policies aiming to reduce the prevalence of binge drinking.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Renda , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , África do Sul/epidemiologia
13.
Global Health ; 17(1): 16, 2021 01 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33494743

RESUMO

Efforts to adopt public health policies that would limit the consumption of unhealthy commodities, such as tobacco, alcohol and ultra-processed food products, are often undermined by private sector actors whose profits depend on the sales of such products. There is ample evidence showing that these corporations not only try to influence public health policy; they also shape research, practice and public opinion. Globalization, trade and investment agreements, and privatization, amongst other factors, have facilitated the growing influence of private sector actors on public health at both national and global levels. Protecting and promoting public health from the undue influence of private sector actors is thus an urgent task. With this backdrop in mind, we launched the "Governance, Ethics, and Conflicts of Interest in Public Health" Network (GECI-PH Network) in 2018. Our network seeks to share, collate, promote and foster knowledge on governance, ethical, and conflicts of interest that arise in the interactions between private sectors actors and those in public health, and within multi-stakeholder mechanisms where dividing lines between different actors are often blurred. We call for strong guidance to address and manage the influence of private sector actors on public health policy, research and practice, and for dialogue on this important topic. Our network recently reached 119 members. Membership is diverse in composition and expertise, location, and institutions. We invite colleagues with a common interest to join our network.


Assuntos
Conflito de Interesses , Saúde Pública , Comércio , Humanos , Setor Privado , Política Pública
15.
AIDS Care ; 33(4): 468-472, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138523

RESUMO

Management of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) is becoming increasingly important with HIV-positive people living normal life spans. We aimed to establish the level of HAND awareness among doctor and nurse occupational health practitioners, screening used to detect impairment, factors limiting screening for HAND, and training needs. One-hundred-and-five members of the nursing and physician professional societies for occupational health practitioners in South Africa and Occupational Health Departments at five South African universities responded to an email invitation to complete an online survey addressing demographics, HAND knowledge, screeners being used to screen for HAND and related training needs. While 80% had heard of HAND, few (13.3%) were aware of the Frascati criteria. Only 2% had received training addressing HAND; 11.4% screened for HAND; 45.7% did not know what screening tool to us; 80% preferred spending <15 min on screening. The largest obstacle to screening was lack of expertise (77.1%) but 77.3% thought it important to screen for HAND. 94.3% wanted screening training. Health providers are poorly informed about HAND and lack expertise and tools to screen for HAND in their treatment programs. While few had relevant training, they recognize the importance of screening for HAND in the workplace and desire training.


Assuntos
Complexo AIDS Demência/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Neurocognitivos/diagnóstico , Enfermagem do Trabalho , Médicos do Trabalho/psicologia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Saúde do Trabalhador , África do Sul
17.
Int J Public Health ; 65(7): 1133-1145, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32840634

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The growing trend of for-profit organization (FPO)-funded university research is concerning because resultant potential conflicts of interest might lead to biases in methods, results, and interpretation. For public health academic programmes, receiving funds from FPOs whose products have negative health implications may be particularly problematic. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey assessed attitudes and practices of public health academics towards accepting funding from FPOs. The sampling frame included universities in five world regions offering a graduate degree in public health; 166 academics responded. Descriptive, bivariate, and logistic regression analyses were conducted. RESULTS: Over half of respondents were in favour of accepting funding from FPOs; attitudes differed by world region and gender but not by rank, contract status, % salary offset required, primary identity, or exposure to an ethics course. In the last 5 years, almost 20% of respondents had received funding from a FPO. Sixty per cent of respondents agreed that there was potential for bias in seven aspects of the research process, when funds were from FPOs. CONCLUSIONS: Globally, public health academics should increase dialogue around the potential harms of research and practice funded by FPOs.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/economia , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Organização do Financiamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Organização do Financiamento/tendências , Saúde Pública/economia , Pesquisadores/psicologia , Universidades/economia , Adulto , Pesquisa Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos , Conflito de Interesses/economia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Previsões , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Pública/tendências , Pesquisadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisadores/tendências , Universidades/tendências
19.
BMJ Glob Health ; 5(4): e001958, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32377401

RESUMO

Alcohol-related harm has gained increased attention in high-income countries (HICs) in recent years which, alongside government regulation, has effected a reduction in alcohol consumption. The alcohol industry has turned its attention to low-income and middle-income country (LMIC) markets as a new source of growth and profit, prompting increased consumption in LMICS. Alcohol use in LMICs is also increasing. There is a need to understand particularly in LMICs the impact of industry strategy in shaping local contexts of alcohol use. We draw on conceptualisations from food systems research, and research on the commercial determinants of health, to develop a new approach for framing alcohol research and discuss implications for alcohol research, particularly in LMICs, focusing on South Africa as an illustrative example. We propose a conceptualisation of the 'alcohol environment' as the system of alcohol provision, acquisition and consumption-including, critically, industry advertising and marketing-along with the political, economic and regulatory context of the alcohol industry that mediates people's alcohol drinking patterns and behaviours. While each country and region is different in terms of its context of alcohol use, we contrast several broadly distinct features of alcohol environments in LMICs and HICs. Improving understanding of the full spectrum of influences on drinking behaviour, particularly in LMICs, is vital to inform the design of interventions and policies to facilitate healthier environments and reduce the harms associated with alcohol consumption. Our framework for undertaking alcohol research may be used to structure mixed methods empirical research examining the role of the alcohol environment particularly in LMICs.


Assuntos
Países em Desenvolvimento , Pobreza , Regulamentação Governamental , Humanos , Renda
20.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 303, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32156268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute pesticide poisoning (APP) is reported to affect community health worldwide but its burden in Tanzania is unknown particularly in women. This study examines APP involving adult females and adolescent girls 10 to 19 years in 3 regions of Tanzania which are famous for coffee and vegetable production. METHODS: Over the period of 12 months, health facility-based surveillance for cases of APP was implemented in 10 Tanzanian healthcare facilities in 2006. RESULTS: The study identified 108 APP cases of whom 31 (28.7%) occurred amongst adolescent girls. Suicide was the leading poisoning circumstances (60.2%) and the most vulnerable women were 20-29 years old who comprised 38.4% of all cases with suicide as circumstance. Organophosphates (OPs), zinc phosphide, paraquat and endosulfan were common amongst known reported poisoning agents. The annual APP incidence, mortality and Case Fatality Rate for women were 5.1/100,000, 0.2/100,000 and 3.7/100, respectively. CONCLUSION: APP amongst women in Tanzania is common and this call for diverse preventive interventions to reduce poisoning incidents.


Assuntos
Praguicidas/envenenamento , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Endossulfano/envenenamento , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Intoxicação por Organofosfatos/epidemiologia , Paraquat/envenenamento , Fosfinas/envenenamento , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Tanzânia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem , Compostos de Zinco/envenenamento
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