Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 9 de 9
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Public Health Genomics ; : 1-10, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sirtuin 6 gene (SIRT6) is a longevity gene that is involved in a variety of metabolic pathways, but the relationship between SIRT6 methylation and longevity has not been clarified. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study on 129 residents with a family history of longevity (1 of parents, themselves, or siblings aged ≥90 years) and 86 individuals without a family history of exceptional longevity to identify the association. DNA pyrosequencing was performed to analyze the methylation status of SIRT6 promoter CpG sites. qRT-PCR and ELISA were used to estimate the SIRT6 messenger RNA (mRNA) levels and protein content. Six CpG sites (P1-P6) were identified as methylation variable positions in the SIRT6 promoter region. RESULTS: At the P2 and P5 CpG sites, the methylation rates of the longevity group were lower than those of the control group (p < 0.001 and p = 0.009), which might be independent determinants of longevity. The mRNA and protein levels of SIRT6 decreased in the control group (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.038). The mRNA level negatively correlated with the methylation rates at the P2 (rs = -0.173, p = 0.011) and P5 sites (rs = -0.207, p = 0.002). Furthermore, the protein content positively correlated with the methylation rate at the P5 site (rs = 0.136, p = 0.046) but showed no significant correlation with the methylation rate at the P2 site. CONCLUSION: The low level of SIRT6 methylation may be a potential protective factor of Chinese longevity.

2.
Int J Environ Health Res ; : 1-14, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621395

RESUMO

Natural environment is an important factor affecting longevity. Soil, water and hair samples from Bama were assayed to investigate the effects of elements on the regional longevity. The concentrations of Cd, Co and Mg in soil and Co in drinking water were significantly higher in longevity area than those in non-longevity area (p < 0.05). The concentrations of K, Mo, Na, Pb and V in soil, Mg, Na, Fe, Li and Mn in drinking water and I, K, Mg, Mn, Na and Sr in hair were significantly lower in longevity area than those in non-longevity area (p < 0.05). Mg, Mn, Na and Sr in hair were affected by soil and drinking water. Our results indicate that adequate concentration of Mg in soil might benefit longevity, excessive concentrations of Na in soil, Mg, Mn and Na in drinking water and Mg, Mn, Na and Sr in hair might reduce lifespan of local residents.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30205622

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aims to understand the disability status of the elderly residents of a County (Guangxi Province, China) and explore its influencing factors. Methods: Respondents consisted of 2300 elderly people aged 60 and above from three townships in the county we studied. The Activities of Daily Living (ADL) Scale was used to assess the disability of the elderly sample. Chi-square test was applied to compare the disability rate among the elderly with different demographic characteristics. The graph showed the disability rates of ADL, six items of Physical Activities of Daily Living (PADL) and eight items of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) at different ages. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of disability rate among the elderly. Results: The disability rates of ADL, PADL, and IADL in the elderly were 43.4%, 11.6%, and 42.4%, respectively. As with the increase in age, the disability rates of ADL, IADL, PADL, and their 14 items gradually increased (p < 0.05), with walking, using the telephone, and using public vehicles having higher disability rates than other items. The influencing factors of ADL disability were gender (OR = 0.579, 95%CI = 0.441⁻0.759), age (OR = 2.270, 95%CI = 1.867⁻2.759; OR = 4.719, 95%CI = 2.998⁻7.429; OR = 6.249, 95%CI = 3.667⁻10.648), educational level (OR = 2.844, 95%CI = 2.076⁻3.897; OR = 1.677, 95%CI = 1.246⁻2.230), and having metabolic syndrome (MetS) (OR = 1.298, 95%CI = 1.044⁻1.613). Compared with ADL, the influencing factor of PADL disability was gender, whereas that of IADL disability was whether someone had MetS. Conclusions: With age, the possibility of ADL, PADL, and IADL damage in the elderly is higher. Gender, age, educational level, the number of chronic diseases, and whether someone has MetS might be the influencing factors of disability. Interventions should be taken from a variety of sources specific to the content of each entry.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
4.
BMC Infect Dis ; 18(1): 360, 2018 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30068308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The resurgence of mumps around the world occurs frequently in recent years. As the country with the largest number of cases in the world, the status of mumps epidemics in China is not yet clear. This study, taking the relatively serious epidemic province of Guangxi as the example, aimed to examine the spatiotemporal pattern and epidemiological characteristics of mumps, and provide a scientific basis for the effective control of this disease and formulation of related health policies. METHODS: Geographic information system (GIS)-based spatiotemporal analyses, including spatial autocorrelation analysis, Kulldorff's purely spatial and space-time scan statistics, were applied to detect the location and extent of mumps high-risk areas. Spatial empirical Bayesian (SEB) was performed to smoothen the rate for eliminating the instability of small-area data. RESULTS: A total of 208,470 cases were reported during 2005 and 2016 in Guangxi. Despite the fluctuations in 2006 and 2011, the overall mumps epidemic continued to decline. Bimodal seasonal distribution (mainly from April to July) were found and students aged 5-9 years were high-incidence groups. Though results of the global spatial autocorrelation based on the annual incidence largely varied, the spatial distribution of the average annual incidence of mumps was nonrandom with the significant Moran's I. Spatial cluster analysis detected high-value clusters, mainly located in the western, northern and central parts of Guangxi. Spatiotemporal scan statistics identified almost the same high-risk areas, and the aggregation time was mainly concentrated in 2009-2012. CONCLUSION: The incidence of mumps in Guangxi exhibited spatial heterogeneity in 2005-2016. Several spatial and spatiotemporal clusters were identified in this study, which might assist the local government to develop targeted health strategies, allocate health resources reasonably and increase the efficiency of disease prevention.


Assuntos
Caxumba/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Análise Espaço-Temporal
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28753971

RESUMO

The study aims to determine the spatial and temporal variation of a longevous region and explore the correlation between longevity and socioeconomic development. Population data at the township level were obtained from the last four population censuses (1982-2010). Five main lifespan indicators and the Human Development Index (HDI) were calculated. Getis-Ord G*, Gravity modeling, and Pearson's r between lifespan indicators and HDI were applied. In this study, a stable longevous gathering area was discovered in Hechi during different periods. Under the influence of social and economic development, more longevous areas appeared. However, the effects of genetic and natural environmental factors on longevity were always dominant in this remote and mountainous city. Furthermore, longevity indicators lacked any significant correlation with life expectancy. No significant positive correlation was detected between lifespan indicators and HDI. Thus, we conclude that lifespan indicators can determine the spatial distribution and variation pattern of longevity from multiple dimensions. The geographical scope of longevity in Hechi City is gradually expanding, and significant spatial clustering was detected in southwestern, southern, and eastern parts of Hechi. This study also found that social economic development is likely to have a certain impact on new longevous areas, but their role on extreme longevity is not significant.


Assuntos
Longevidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Geografia , Humanos , Expectativa de Vida , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mudança Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Análise Espaço-Temporal
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28486432

RESUMO

This study aims to determine the association between the apolipoprotein C-I polymorphism and the longevity and genetic variants in ApoC-I that can influence the serum lipid levels in Bama. ApoC-I genotypes were determined by Taqman single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping assays in 178 long-lived inhabitants (longevity group aged from 90 to 110 years), 147 healthy controls (Control 1 group aged from 40 to 79 years old) from Bama County, and 190 healthy controls (Control 2 group aged from 40 to 79 years old) from Nandan County without a family history of longevity. Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS 16.0. All genotype distributions of rs584007 and rs4420638 were consistent with the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (p > 0.05). Significant differences were observed in the frequencies of the three genotypes (GG, AG, and AA) among the longevity and the two control groups (χ² = 11.238, p = 0.024) for rs584007. No significant differences were observed in the frequencies of the three genotypes (GG, AG, and AA) among the longevity and the two control groups (χ² = 4.587, p = 0.318) for rs4420638. The levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-c), and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-c) were not different among the three genotypes of rs584007 in the three groups. The levels of HDL-c for GG, AG, and AA were significantly different (the highest being in the longevity group), while the levels of TG for AA and AG genotypes (the lowest being in the longevity group) and the levels of LDL-c for AG were significantly different (p < 0.05) among the three groups for rs584007. The levels of TG and HDL-c were significantly different among the three rs4420638 genotypes in the longevity group. The levels of TC for GG, AG, and AA were significantly different in the Control 2 group, while the levels of TG and HDL-c for AA and AG genotypes were significantly different (p < 0.05) among the three groups for rs4420638. The level of HDL-c was highest in the longevity group for AA and AG genotypes, and the level of TG was highest in the Control 2 group for rs4420638. Serum lipid parameters were related to environmental factors, including age, gender, BMI, DBP, SBP, rs4420638, and rs584007. The ApoC-I polymorphism might be one of the genetic factors of longevity in Bama. The ApoC-I rs4420638 and rs584007 SNPs are associated with serum TG and HDL-c levels in the longevous population.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteína C-I/genética , Expectativa de Vida , Lipídeos/sangue , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Colesterol/sangue , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Meio Ambiente , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores Sexuais , Triglicerídeos/sangue
7.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 10(7): 7812-7820, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31966629

RESUMO

Differentially expressed proteins between HCC TIF and normal interstitial fluid of adjacent nontumor tissues were identified through comparative proteomics approach. Then, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE), matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS), In-Cell Western technique, and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to verify differentially expressed proteins. As a result, through 2-DE, 69 spots were roughly recognized as differentially expressed protein spots, while 44 proteins were identified as differentially expressed spots through MALDI-TOF-MS. Of the identified differential protein spots, 31 were significant according to the bioinformatics analysis results. Proteasome subunit alpha type-1 (PSMA1) expression was down-regulated in HCC TIF. Thus, PSMA1 is considered as a potential biomarker for HBV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma.

8.
Med Sci Monit ; 22: 5154-5162, 2016 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28027289

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The present study was performed to identify the association of PON1 rs662 polymorphism with serum lipid levels and human longevity in the Bama Zhuang population. MATERIAL AND METHODS PON1 genotypes were determined by Taqman SNP Genotyping Assays in 110 long-lived inhabitants (longevity group, aged 90-110 years), 110 healthy inhabitants in Bama County (control 1 group, aged 43-82 years) and 110 healthy inhabitants in Nandan County (control 2 group, aged 28-82 years) without family history of longevity. RESULTS BMI (body mass index) and TG (serum total triglyceride) level were lower in the longevity group than in the two control groups, while the contents of serum LDL-c (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol) and HDL-c (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) and the levels of SBP (systolic blood pressure) and DBP (diastolic blood pressure) in the longevity group were higher than in the two control groups (p<0.01). Significant differences in the frequencies of three genotypes (GG, AG, and AA) were observed between the longevity group and control 2 group (χ²=15.190, p=0.001). The minor allele frequency (MAF) of rs662 was significantly higher in the longevity group than in the two control groups. The levels of HDL-c in the longevity group were different among the three genotypes (p<0.05). The levels of TG for GG and GG+AG genotypes were significantly different, while the levels of TC (total cholesterol) and HDL-c for AG and GG+AG genotypes were significantly different among the three groups (p<0.05). Serum lipid parameters were correlated with several environmental factors, including age, gender, DBP, SBP, and BMI. The association of PON1 rs662 polymorphism and serum lipid levels was different among the three groups. CONCLUSIONS PON1 polymorphism might be one of the genetic factors of longevity in the Bama Zhuang population. The PON1 rs662 SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) was associated with serum HDL-c levels in the longevity group.


Assuntos
Arildialquilfosfatase/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Grupos Étnicos/genética , Lipídeos/sangue , Longevidade/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
9.
Toxicology ; 327: 77-86, 2015 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25434509

RESUMO

CYP1B1 plays a critical role in the oxidative metabolism of a variety of exogenous compounds, including carcinogenic compounds, which may be activated during metabolism. There are only a few studies that have examined the association between the two polymorphisms and cancer, and that these studies have been inconclusive. Hence, the aim of the present meta-analysis was to evaluate the relationship between polymorphisms in CYP1B1 G119T and A453G and cancer risk. We performed a detailed search using the PubMed and EMBASE libraries to obtain all relevant published reports on the relationship between the G119T and A453G polymorphisms in CYP1B1 and cancer risk. Combined odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by Stata version 11.2. We conducted stratified analyses based on cancer types, ethnicity, source of controls, and quality assessments. We also made assessments of heterogeneity tests, sensitivity analyses, and publication bias. There were a total of 25 articles with 15,376 cases and 18,382 controls concerning CYP1B1 G119T and 40 articles with 27,983 cases and 35,839 controls concerning A453G polymorphisms. Regarding G119T, the combined results indicate that the variant genotypes were significantly associated with a slightly increased cancer risk in comparison to the homozygote (TT versus GG: p=0.006, OR=1.231, 95% CI: 1.061-1.428), especially for breast cancer and prostate cancer. Moreover, significantly increased associations with cancer risk were demonstrated in Asians in all genetic models. The combined results indicated no association of A453G with cancer risk; however, an association was observed specifically for prostate cancer. This meta-analysis suggests that the CYP1B1 G119T polymorphism may confer to genetic susceptibility to cancer in Asians, especially to breast cancer and prostate cancer. The A453G polymorphism was found to modify the risk of prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Citocromo P-450 CYP1B1/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias/enzimologia , Polimorfismo Genético , Humanos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...