Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 42
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 14339, 2022 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35995929

RESUMO

The quantum amplitude amplification algorithms based on Grover's rotation operator need to perform phase flips for both the initial state and the target state. When the initial state is oblivious, the phase flips will be intractable, and we need to adopt oblivious amplitude amplification algorithm to handle. Without knowing exactly how many target items there are, oblivious amplitude amplification also suffers the "soufflé problem", in which iterating too little "undercooks" the state and too much "overcooks" the state, both resulting in a mostly non-target final state. In this work, we present a fixed-point oblivious quantum amplitude-amplification (FOQA) algorithm by introducing damping based on methods proposed by A. Mizel. Moreover, we construct the quantum circuit to implement our algorithm under the framework of duality quantum computing. Our algorithm can avoid the "soufflé problem", meanwhile keep the square speedup of quantum search, serving as a subroutine to improve the performance of quantum algorithms containing oblivious amplitude amplification procedure.

2.
Light Sci Appl ; 11(1): 83, 2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35387963

RESUMO

Rapid progress has been made in quantum secure direct communication in recent years. For practical application, it is important to improve the performances, such as the secure information rate and the communication distance. In this paper, we report an elaborate physical system design and protocol with much enhanced performance. This design increased the secrecy capacity greatly by achieving an ultra-low quantum bit error rate of <0.1%, one order of magnitude smaller than that of existing systems. Compared to previous systems, the proposed scheme uses photonic time-bin and phase states, operating at 50 MHz of repetition rate, which can be easily upgraded to over 1 GHz using current on-the-shelf technology. The results of our experimentation demonstrate that the proposed system can tolerate more channel loss, from 5.1 dB, which is about 28.3 km in fiber in the previous scheme, to 18.4 dB, which corresponds to fiber length of 102.2 km. Thus, the experiment shows that intercity quantum secure direct communication through fiber is feasible with present-day technology.

3.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; 52(8): 8467-8480, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502993

RESUMO

Wavelet transform is being widely used in classical image processing. One-dimension quantum wavelet transforms (QWTs) have been proposed. Generalizations of the 1-D QWT into multilevel and multidimension have been investigated but restricted to the quantum wavelet packet transform (QWPTs), which is the direct product of 1-D QWPTs, and there is no transform between the packets in different dimensions. A 2-D QWT is vital for image processing. We construct the multilevel 2-D QWT's general theory. Explicitly, we built multilevel 2-D Haar QWT and the multilevel Daubechies D4 QWT, respectively. We have given the complete quantum circuits for these wavelet transforms, using both noniterative and iterative methods. Compared to the 1-D QWT and wavelet packet transform, the multilevel 2-D QWT involves the entanglement between components in different degrees. Complexity analysis reveals that the proposed transforms offer exponential speedup over their classical counterparts. Also, the proposed wavelet transforms are used to realize quantum image compression. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed wavelet transforms are significant and obtain the same results as their classical counterparts with an exponential speedup.

4.
Opt Express ; 29(16): 25663-25674, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614891

RESUMO

Rare-earth-doped on-chip microlasers are of great significance in both fundamental research and engineering. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of Yb3+-doped and Er3+/Yb3+-codoped on-chip microsphere lasers fabricated via sol-gel synthesis. Laser emissions were observed in a band around 1040 nm in both Yb3+-doped and Er3+/Yb3+-codoped resonators pumped at 980 nm and had measured ultralow thresholds of 5.2 µW and 0.6 µW, respectively. Both single-mode and multi-mode emissions were recorded around 1040 nm in these lasers. Single-mode and two-mode emissions were obtained at 1550 nm in the Er3+/Yb3+-codoped lasers when pumped at 980 nm and 1460 nm, respectively. Furthermore, quality factors induced by different loss mechanisms in the microsphere lasers are theoretically estimated. These resonators are expected to contribute to the high-density integration of on-chip silica-based microlasers.

5.
Opt Express ; 29(18): 28607-28618, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614987

RESUMO

In the field of clock synchronization, the application of frequency-entangled source is a promising direction to improve accuracy and security. In this paper, we analyze the performance of the twin-beam state and the difference-beam state using a practical second-order interference-based scheme. The advantages of the twin-beam state are pointed out especially for the dispersion-free property of HOM interference in a long-distance clock transfer. With the introduction of dispersion-compensated material, our experimental system based on a twin-beam state achieves a clock accuracy at 4 ps with a time offset precision of 1.8 ps over 10 s acquisition time while the time deviation is 0.15 ps over an averaging time of 5500 s in a 22 km-long transmission. These properties exhibit a leading position compared with the current clock synchronization system using the same theoretical scheme and also competitive among the implementations using other second-order interference-based schemes.

6.
Opt Express ; 29(20): 31348-31363, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615229

RESUMO

We investigate the impact of fiber birefringence and spontaneous Raman scattering on the properties of photon pairs that are generated by the spontaneous four-wave mixing process in birefringent fibers. Starting from the formulation of the theory of four-wave mixing, we show a theoretical model for a generated optical field with the consideration of the Raman scattering and a Gaussian-distributed pump. The theoretical model is then applied for deriving the closed expressions of the photon-pair spectral properties as a function of the fiber birefringence. Also, with the modeled Raman gain, we evaluate the reduction of the pair production rate due to the presence of the Raman effect as well as the contributions of the Raman-scattered photons over a broad wavelength range. The predictions are experimentally verified with a commercial polarization-maintaining fiber.

7.
Opt Lett ; 46(16): 4025-4028, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388802

RESUMO

The sensitivity of perturbation sensing can be effectively enhanced with higher-order exceptional points due to the nonlinear response to frequency splitting. However, experimental implementation is challenging since all the parameters need to be precisely prepared. The emergence of an exceptional surface (ES) improves the robustness of the system to the external environment, while maintaining the same sensitivity. Here, we propose, to our knowledge, the first scalable protocol for realizing a photonic high-order ES with passive resonators. By adding one or more additional passive resonators in the low-order ES photonic system, the three- or arbitrary N-order ES is constructed and proved to be easily realized in experiment. We show that the sensitivity is enhanced and the experimental demonstration is more resilient against fabrication errors. The additional phase-modulation effect is also investigated.

8.
Opt Lett ; 46(7): 1592-1595, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793495

RESUMO

Lack of tunability impedes the wide application of optomechanical systems; however, little research exists on mechanical frequency tuning. Herein, ultra-fine low-loss dynamical mechanical frequency tuning is achieved by compressing a microsphere along the axial direction. The tuning resolution reaches approximately 4% of the mechanical linewidth, and the variation range of the mechanical quality factor (Qm) is within 2.9% of the untouched Qm. The roles of geometric deformation, spring effect, and stiffness were also evaluated through simulation and experimental analysis. Furthermore, sine function modulation was displayed, with a Pearson coefficient exceeding 99.3%, to achieve arbitrary-function mechanical resonance tuning. This method paves the way for scalable optomechanical applications, such as mechanical vibration synchronization or optomechanics-based optical wavelength conversion.

9.
Opt Express ; 29(4): 5358-5366, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33726073

RESUMO

Exploring quantum technology to precisely measure physical quantities is a meaningful task for practical scientific researches. Here, we propose a novel quantum sensing model based on color detuning dynamics with dressed states driving (DSD) in stimulated Raman adiabatic passage. The model is valid for sensing different physical quantities, such as magnetic field, mass, rotation and so on. For different sensors, the used systems can range from macroscopic scale, e.g. optomechanical systems, to microscopic nanoscale, e.g. solid spin systems. The dynamics of color detuning of DSD passage indicates the sensitivity of sensors can be enhanced by tuning system with more adiabatic or accelerated processes in different color detuning regimes. To show application examples, we apply our approach to build optomechanical mass sensor and solid spin magnetometer with practical parameters.

10.
Opt Express ; 29(2): 1903-1917, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33726395

RESUMO

We theoretically study the optical properties of an ensemble of two-level atoms coupled to a one-dimensional waveguide. In our model, the atoms are randomly located in the lattice sites along the one-dimensional waveguide. The results reveal that the optical transport properties of the atomic ensemble are influenced by the lattice constant and the filling factor of the lattice sites. We also focus on the atomic mirror configuration and quantify the effect of the inhomogeneous broadening in atomic resonant transition on the scattering spectrum. Furthermore, we find that initial bunching and persistent quantum beats appear in photon-photon correlation function of the transmitted field, which are significantly changed by the filling factor of the lattice sites. With great progress to interface quantum emitters with nanophotonics, our results should be experimentally realizable in the near future.

11.
Opt Lett ; 46(4): 773-776, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33577511

RESUMO

We report a novel, to the best of our knowledge, way to achieve phase-controlled dual-wavelength resonance based on whispering-gallery-mode (WGM) microcavities experimentally. With the help of a feedback waveguide, not only two optical pathways but also a unidirectional coupling between counter-propagating waves are formed, which is the requirement of all-optical analogues of electromagnetically induced transparency and Autler-Townes splitting. By adjusting the accumulating phase introduced from the fiber waveguide, we observe the signal lineshape changes from symmetric to asymmetric, i.e., the resonant transmission and extinction ratio of two splitting modes can be controlled, which brings a new degree of freedom to the WGM resonator system. These results may boost the development of quantum state control and pave the way for reconfiguring devices such as narrow-band filters.

12.
Opt Express ; 28(1): 580-592, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32118983

RESUMO

We theoretically study the optomechanically induced transparency (OMIT) and absorption (OMIA) phenomena in a single microcavity optomechanical system, assisted by an indirectly coupled auxiliary cavity mode. We show that the interference effect between the two optical modes plays an important role and can be used to control the multiple-pathway induced destructive or constructive interference effect. The three-pathway interference could induce an absorption dip within the transparent window in the red sideband driving regime, while we can switch back and forth between OMIT and OMIA with the four-pathway interference. The conversion between the transparency peak and absorption dip can be achieved by tuning the relative amplitude and phase of the multiple light paths interference. Our system proposes a new platform to realize multiple pathways induced transparency and absorption in a single microcavity and a feasible way for realizing all-optical information processing.

13.
Opt Lett ; 44(13): 3250-3253, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259933

RESUMO

Tuning the resonance frequency of an optical whispering gallery mode microcavity is extremely important in its various applications. Here we report the design and implementation of a function resonance tuner of an optical microcavity with a resolution of about 650 kHz (7 pm at 1450 nm band). A piezoelectric nano-positioner is used to mechanically compress the microsphere in its axial direction. Furthermore, the resonance can be periodically tuned as an arbitrary function, such as the sine and sigmoid functions, with over 99% fitting accuracy. This Letter greatly expands the application of ultrahigh quality factor microresonators in a multi-mode coupling system or time-floquet system.

14.
Opt Express ; 27(6): 8994-9003, 2019 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31052709

RESUMO

We present a simple protocol for complete analysis of 16 hyperentangled Bell states of two-photon system in the polarization and the first longitudinal momentum degrees of freedom (DOFs). This complete analysis protocol is accomplished with the auxiliary hyperentangled Bell state in the frequency and the second longitudinal momentum DOFs utilizing the experimentally available optical elements including linear optical elements which manipulate the polarizations and the longitudinal momentums and the optical devices which manipulate frequencies of photons. This complete analysis protocol allows the transmission of log216=4 bits of classical information via quantum hyperdense coding scheme, which is the upper bound of the transmission capacity of the quantum hyperdense coding scheme based on 16 orthogonal hyperentangled Bell states. This complete analysis protocol has a potential to be experimentally realized and is useful for high-capacity quantum communication based on hyperentangled states.

15.
Opt Express ; 27(5): 7344-7353, 2019 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30876299

RESUMO

Multiple-path interference plays a fundamental role in classical and quantum physics. In this work, we propose two general schemes to realize multiple electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) and electromagnetically induced absorption (EIA) in coupled microresonators and optomechanical systems. We give explicit physical descriptions and find out that these two schemes are essentially equivalent to each other. More importantly, we experimentally demonstrate both multiple EIT and EIA by coupling a microtoroid to a microsphere that supports multiple high Q optical modes with dense modes distributions. The theory fits well with the experimental results. We believe that our study and experimental results lay a foundation for realizing arbitrary multiple pathways interference in applications.

16.
Light Sci Appl ; 8: 22, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30728960

RESUMO

Rapid development of supercomputers and the prospect of quantum computers are posing increasingly serious threats to the security of communication. Using the principles of quantum mechanics, quantum communication offers provable security of communication and is a promising solution to counter such threats. Quantum secure direct communication (QSDC) is one important branch of quantum communication. In contrast to other branches of quantum communication, it transmits secret information directly. Recently, remarkable progress has been made in proof-of-principle experimental demonstrations of QSDC. However, it remains a technical feat to bring QSDC into a practical application. Here, we report the implementation of a practical quantum secure communication system. The security is analyzed in the Wyner wiretap channel theory. The system uses a coding scheme of concatenation of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes and works in a regime with a realistic environment of high noise and high loss. The present system operates with a repetition rate of 1 MHz at a distance of 1.5 kilometers. The secure communication rate is 50 bps, sufficient to effectively send text messages and reasonably sized files of images and sounds.

17.
Opt Express ; 27(1): 63-73, 2019 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30645359

RESUMO

We have studied the effect of geometry deformation on the mechanical frequencies and quality factors for different modes in the Whispering Gallery Mode (WGM) microresonators, that is unavoidable in the practical fabrication. The subsidence of the sphere and a more general condition with fewer symmetries and complex deformation of eccentricity, subsidence, and offset are first modeled in this paper, which could tune the mechanical frequency in a much wider spectral range than the pillar-diameter-induced perturbation. we also show that the mechanical quality factors for the non-whispering-gallery mechanical mode could be increased in the order of 4 magnitudes at a specific subsidence, and form a mechanical bound state in the continuum (BIC) which is induced by the symmetry breaking and reveals new mechanisms to confine radiation. A much broader BIC window width with higher mechanical quality factor could be achieved, which is of great importance in both fundamental research and scientific applications.

18.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 13960, 2018 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30228294

RESUMO

We investigate two-copy scenario of quantum teleportation based on Bell measurements. The detailed protocol is presented and the general expression of the corresponding optimal teleportation fidelity is derived, which is given by the two-copy fully entangled fraction that is invariant under local unitary transformations. We prove that under a specific case of the protocol, which is significant for improving the optimal fidelity, the set of states with their two-copy fully entangled fractions bounded by a threshold value that required for useful two-copy teleportation is convex and compact. Hence the witness operators exist to separate states that are useful for two-copy teleportation from the rest ones. Moreover, we show that the optimal fidelity of two-copy teleportation surpasses that of the original one copy teleportation.

19.
Opt Lett ; 43(5): 1163-1166, 2018 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29489805

RESUMO

We propose a single phonon source based on nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers, which are located in a diamond phononic crystal resonator. The strain in the lattice would induce the coupling between the NV centers and the phonon mode. The strong coupling between the excited state of the NV centers and the phonon is realized by adding an optical laser driving. This four-level NV center system exhibits coherent population trapping and yields giant resonantly enhanced acoustic nonlinearities, with zero linear susceptibility. Based on this nonlinearity, the single phonon source can be realized. We numerically calculate g(2)(0) of the single phonon source. We discuss the effects of the thermal noise and the external driving strength.

20.
Opt Express ; 25(24): 30149-30161, 2017 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29221048

RESUMO

In a diamond, the mechanical vibration-induced strain can lead to interaction between the mechanical mode and the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers. In this work, we propose to utilize the strain-induced coupling for the quantum non-demolition (QND) single phonon measurement and memory in a diamond. The single phonon in a diamond mechanical resonator can be perfectly absorbed and emitted by the NV centers ensemble (NVE) with adiabatically tuning the microwave driving. An optical laser drives the NVE to the excited states, which have much larger coupling strength to the mechanical mode. By adiabatically eliminating the excited states under large detuning limit, the effective coupling between the mechanical mode and the NVE can be used for QND measurement of the single phonon state. Under realistic experimental conditions, we numerically simulate the scheme. It is found that the fidelity of the absorbing and emitting process can reach a much high value. The overlap between the input and the output phonon shapes can reach 98.57%.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...