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1.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1036, 2022 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35606713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) infections are prevalent among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. However, compared to syphilis and HIV, the testing rate for chlamydia and gonorrhea remains low. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility for conducting rapid nucleic acid test for chlamydia and gonorrhea in MSM community-based organizations (CBO). METHOD: We recruited our participants through an MSM CBO where free HV and syphilis testing were routinely provided. We collected data including social-demographic background, sexual history, chlamydia and gonorrhea testing history, and reasons for accepting this on-site rapid testing. Urine and/or anorectal swab samples were collected and tested for chlamydia and gonorrhea on-site and the testing results were delivered in about 1.5 h. Positive cases received on-site free treatment. RESULTS: From August 2020 to October 2020, 634 MSM visited the CBO for syphilis and HIV testing and 158 (158/634, 24.9%) accepted the on-site chlamydia and gonorrhea rapid test, 135 were finally enrolled. The positive rate fo chlamydia was 16.3% (22/135) and 3.0% (4/135) for gonorrhea, respectively. Only 19.3% participants had previously undergone chlamydia and gonorrhea testing and 68.9% (93/135) participants reported that they had heard of gonorrhea, 47.4% (64/135) had heard of chlamydia. The main reason for testing was "free for charge" (66.2%), followed by "convenient, 'shorter waiting time" (45.2%) and "had high-risk sexual behavior recently" (16.3%). CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study showed that the chlamydia and gonorrhea infection rate remains high among MSM, while the testing rate was low. On-site rapid testing is feasible and potentially preferred by MSM.

2.
J Clin Invest ; 132(9)2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35499082

RESUMO

The trace element iron affects immune responses and vaccination, but knowledge of its role in autoimmune diseases is limited. Expansion of pathogenic T cells, especially T follicular helper (Tfh) cells, has great significance to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) pathogenesis. Here, we show an important role of iron in regulation of pathogenic T cell differentiation in SLE. We found that iron overload promoted Tfh cell expansion, proinflammatory cytokine secretion, and autoantibody production in lupus-prone mice. Mice treated with a high-iron diet exhibited an increased proportion of Tfh cell and antigen-specific GC response. Iron supplementation contributed to Tfh cell differentiation. In contrast, iron chelation inhibited Tfh cell differentiation. We demonstrated that the miR-21/BDH2 axis drove iron accumulation during Tfh cell differentiation and further promoted Fe2+-dependent TET enzyme activity and BCL6 gene demethylation. Thus, maintaining iron homeostasis might be critical for eliminating pathogenic Th cells and might help improve the management of patients with SLE.


Assuntos
Ferro , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Epigênese Genética , Humanos , Hidroxibutirato Desidrogenase/genética , Camundongos , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores
3.
BMC Genom Data ; 23(1): 37, 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35562674

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Yield-related traits including thousand grain weight (TGW), grain number per spike (GNS), grain width (GW), grain length (GL), plant height (PH), spike length (SL), and spikelet number per spike (SNS) are greatly associated with grain yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). To detect quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with them, 193 recombinant inbred lines derived from two elite winter wheat varieties Chuanmai42 and Chuanmai39 were employed to perform QTL mapping in six/eight environments. RESULTS: A total of 30 QTLs on chromosomes 1A, 1B, 1D, 2A, 2B, 2D, 3A, 4A, 5A, 5B, 6A, 6D, 7A, 7B and 7D were identified. Among them, six major QTLs QTgw.cib-6A.1, QTgw.cib-6A.2, QGw.cib-6A, QGl.cib-3A, QGl.cib-6A, and QSl.cib-2D explaining 5.96-23.75% of the phenotypic variance were detected in multi-environments and showed strong and stable effects on corresponding traits. Three QTL clusters on chromosomes 2D and 6A containing 10 QTLs were also detected, which showed significant pleiotropic effects on multiple traits. Additionally, three Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR (KASP) markers linked with five of these major QTLs were developed. Candidate genes of QTgw.cib-6A.1/QGl.cib-6A and QGl.cib-3A were analyzed based on the spatiotemporal expression patterns, gene annotation, and orthologous search. CONCLUSIONS: Six major QTLs for TGW, GL, GW and SL were detected. Three KASP markers linked with five of these major QTLs were developed. These QTLs and KASP markers will be useful for elucidating the genetic architecture of grain yield and developing new wheat varieties with high and stable yield in wheat.

4.
World Econ ; 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35601729

RESUMO

At the centre of the multi-dimensional impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the shortage of medical supplies in countries with weaker healthcare systems significantly reduced the effectiveness of national and international public health interventions. Using a database of test-kit trade flows and barriers, we estimate the price responsiveness of test-kit demand in a global sample of countries. These estimates allow us to investigate the degree to which import tariffs by leading producers could result in a disruption in global supply chains, price increases, and welfare loss. Simulation experiments indicate that the combination of rising demand for test kits and import dependence magnifies the impact of trade barriers on consumer welfare and this impact is more profound for developing countries.

5.
Exp Hematol Oncol ; 11(1): 20, 2022 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35379324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physical activity is known to have anti-cancer effects, including immunomodulatory actions. This study investigated the hypothesis that physical activity synergizes with combined lenvatinib plus anti-PD-1 therapy to enhance efficacy in patients with unresectable HCC. METHODS: The physical activity levels of patients with unresectable HCC receiving combined lenvatinib plus anti-PD-1 therapy were recorded by questionnaire. Patients were categorized according to physical activity levels (active vs. sedentary). The primary outcome was overall survival (OS). Secondary outcomes included objective response rate (ORR) and progression-free survival (PFS). A subcutaneous syngeneic HCC model was generated in C57BL/6 mice. Mice were randomized to receive placebo, combined lenvatinib plus anti-PD-1 antibodies or combination therapy plus physical activity. Tumors were measured every 3 days and harvested for immunohistochemistry analysis at 20 mm maximum diameter. RESULTS: Fifty-nine patients with unresectable HCC were categorized to active (n = 28) or sedentary (n = 31) groups. The active group had higher albumin and des-γ-carboxy prothrombin levels and lower hepatitis B virus load at baseline; other clinical and oncologic characteristics were comparable between the two groups. Patients in the active group had significantly longer OS (HR = 0.220, 95% CI 0.060-0.799) and PFS (HR = 0.158, 95% CI 0.044-0.562) and higher ORR (OR = 4.571, 95% CI 1.482-14.102) than patients in the sedentary group. Regular physical activity was independently associated with OS, PFS and ORR. The mouse model showed that physical activity significantly suppressed tumor growth and prolonged survival of tumor-bearing mice. Furthermore, physical activity inhibited Treg cell infiltration and immune checkpoint expression (including CTLA4, TIGIT and TIM3) induced by long-term combined lenvatinib plus anti-PD-1 therapy, improving efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: Regular physical activity was associated with improved outcomes in unresectable HCC receiving combined lenvatinib plus anti-PD-1 therapy. Physical activity may improve therapeutic efficacy by reprograming the tumor microenvironment from an immunosuppressive to immunostimulatory phenotype.

6.
Chem Sci ; 13(5): 1478-1483, 2022 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35222932

RESUMO

A strategy for overcoming the limitation of the Morita-Baylis-Hillman (MBH) reaction, which is only applicable to electron-deficient olefins, has been achieved via visible-light induced photoredox catalysis in this report. A series of non-electron-deficient olefins underwent the MBH reaction smoothly via a novel photoredox-quinuclidine dual catalysis. The in situ formed key ß-quinuclidinium radical intermediates, derived from the addition of olefins with quinuclidinium radical cations, are used to enable the MBH reaction of non-electron-deficient olefins. On the basis of previous reports, a plausible mechanism is suggested. Mechanistic studies, such as radical probe experiments and density functional theory (DFT) calculations, were also conducted to support our proposed reaction pathways.

7.
Allergy Asthma Immunol Res ; 14(1): 131-142, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983113

RESUMO

Immunoglobulin (Ig) E and IgG anti-thyroid autoantibodies (AAbs) play important roles in the immunopathogenesis of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). To date, association of IgE and IgG AAbs with Chinese CSU patients has not been fully investigated. We aimed to explore prevalence rates of IgE and IgG AAbs in Chinese CSU patients and their association with clinical and laboratory parameters. Serum IgE and IgG AAbs against thyroid peroxidase (TPO) and thyroglobulin (TG), total IgE (tIgE) and specific IgEs were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, chemiluminescence microparticle immunoassay and immunoblotting. Meta-analyses and literature review were conducted. The meta-analyses indicated that CSU cases were 4.98, 6.90 and 6.68 times more likely to have positive anti-TPO IgE, anti-TPO IgG and anti-TG IgG (all P < 0.001) compared with controls, respectively, and revealed a positive correlation between the prevalence rates of anti-TPO IgE and anti-TPO IgG (r = 0.53, P = 0.025). A total of 1,100 Chinese Han adult CSU patients and 1,100 ethnicity-, age- and sex-matched healthy controls were recruited from 15 centers. Prevalence rates of anti-TPO IgE, anti-TPO IgG, anti-TG IgE or anti-TG IgG in the patients were all significantly higher than those in the controls. Significant correlations were observed between prevalence rates of anti-TPO IgE and anti-TPO IgG (r = 0.297, P < 0.001) as well as between those of anti-TG IgE and anti-TG IgG in the patients (r = 0.137, P < 0.001). Patients with anti-TPO IgE or anti-TPO IgG had significantly lower tIgE levels (P < 0.001). Positive anti-TPO IgE, positive anti-TPO IgG and tIgE < 40 IU/mL were independent predictors of antihistamine-refractory cases. In conclusion, the prevalence rates of IgE and IgG AAbs in Chinese CSU patients are significantly elevated and reciprocally correlated. This study verifies the results of previous case-control studies of CSU patients from other populations and ethnicities.

8.
Theor Appl Genet ; 135(1): 257-271, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647130

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: Six major QTLs for wheat grain size and weight were identified on chromosomes 4A, 4B, 5A and 6A across multiple environments, and were validated in different genetic backgrounds. Grain size and weight are crucial components of wheat yield. Dissection of their genetic control is thus essential for the improvement of yield potential in wheat breeding. We used a doubled haploid (DH) population to detect quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for grain width (GW), grain length (GL), and thousand grain weight (TGW) in five environments. Six major QTLs, QGw.cib-4B.2, QGl.cib-4A, QGl.cib-5A.1, QGl.cib-6A, QTgw.cib-4B, and QTgw.cib-5A, were consistently identified in at least three individual environments and in best linear unbiased prediction (BLUP) datasets, and explained 5.65-34.06% of phenotypic variation. QGw.cib-4B.2, QTgw.cib-4B, QGl.cib-5A.1 and QGl.cib-6A had no effect on grain number per spike (GNS). In addition to QGl.cib-4A, the other major QTLs were further validated by using Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR (KASP) markers in different genetic backgrounds. Moreover, significant interactions between the three major GL QTLs and two major TGW QTLs were observed. Comparison analysis showed that QGl.cib-5A.1 and QGl.cib-6A are likely new loci. Notably, QGw.cib-4B.2 and QTgw.cib-4B were co-located on chromosome 4B and improved TGW by increasing only GW, unlike nearby or overlapped loci reported previously. Three genes associated with grain development within the QGw.cib-4B.2/QTgw.cib-4B interval were identified by searches on sequence similarity, spatial expression patterns, and orthologs. The major QTLs and KASP markers reported here will be useful for elucidating the genetic architecture of grain size and weight and for developing new wheat cultivars with high and stable yield.


Assuntos
Cromossomos de Plantas , Genes de Plantas , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Sementes/anatomia & histologia , Triticum/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Grão Comestível/anatomia & histologia , Marcadores Genéticos , Variação Genética , Fenótipo , Sementes/genética
9.
Small ; 18(8): e2104899, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34897997

RESUMO

Encapsulation and transplantation of insulin-producing cells offer a promising curative treatment for type 1 diabetes (T1D) without immunosuppression. However, biomaterials used to encapsulate cells often elicit foreign body responses, leading to cellular overgrowth and deposition of fibrotic tissue, which in turn diminishes mass transfer to and from transplanted cells. Meanwhile, the encapsulation device must be safe, scalable, and ideally retrievable to meet clinical requirements. Here, a durable and safe nanofibrous device coated with a thin and uniform, fibrosis-mitigating, zwitterionically modified alginate hydrogel for encapsulation of islets and stem cell-derived beta (SC-ß) cells is reported. The device with a configuration that has cells encapsulated within the cylindrical wall, allowing scale-up in both radial and longitudinal directions without sacrificing mass transfer, is designed. Due to its facile mass transfer and low level of fibrotic reactions, the device supports long-term cell engraftment, correcting diabetes in C57BL6/J mice with rat islets for up to 399 days and SCID-beige mice with human SC-ß cells for up to 238 days. The scalability and retrievability in dogs are further demonstrated. These results suggest the potential of this new device for cell therapies to treat T1D and other diseases.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Insulinas , Transplante das Ilhotas Pancreáticas , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/terapia , Cães , Fibrose , Transplante das Ilhotas Pancreáticas/métodos , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Ratos
10.
Food Chem ; 371: 131157, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583180

RESUMO

Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a very important mycotoxin. However, there are few studies on the removal of OTA in wine because of the great influence on product quality and difficulty in practical application. A nano-MgO-modified diatomite ceramic membrane (MCM) with a high positive charge was prepared and applied to remove OTA in wine. The isotherm adsorption between the positively charged membrane and OTA was in accordance with the Langmuir model, with a maximum adsorption capacity of 806 ng/g at 25 °C. All of the changes in adsorption enthalpy (ΔH), adsorption free energy (ΔG) and adsorption entropy (ΔS) were negative, which indicated that the combination of nano-MgO MCM and OTA was a spontaneous exothermic and nonspecific physical adsorption process. The concentrations of OTA in adsorption-treated wines were lower than 2 µg/kg, and the removal rates exceeded 92%. After OTA removal, the composition of wines was preserved to some extent.


Assuntos
Ocratoxinas , Vinho , Adsorção , Cerâmica , Ocratoxinas/análise , Eletricidade Estática , Vinho/análise
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(23)2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34884720

RESUMO

Lignin biosynthesis enzymes form complexes for metabolic channelling during lignification and these enzymes also play an essential role in biotic and abiotic stress response. Cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) is a vital enzyme that catalyses the reduction of aldehydes to alcohols, which is the final step in the lignin biosynthesis pathway. In the present study, we identified 49 CAD enzymes in five Bambusoideae species and analysed their phylogenetic relationships and conserved domains. Expression analysis of Moso bamboo PheCAD genes in several developmental tissues and stages revealed that among the PheCAD genes, PheCAD2 has the highest expression level and is expressed in many tissues and PheCAD1, PheCAD6, PheCAD8 and PheCAD12 were also expressed in most of the tissues studied. Co-expression analysis identified that the PheCAD2 positively correlates with most lignin biosynthesis enzymes, indicating that PheCAD2 might be the key enzyme involved in lignin biosynthesis. Further, more than 35% of the co-expressed genes with PheCADs were involved in biotic or abiotic stress responses. Abiotic stress transcriptomic data (SA, ABA, drought, and salt) analysis identified that PheCAD2, PheCAD3 and PheCAD5 genes were highly upregulated, confirming their involvement in abiotic stress response. Through yeast two-hybrid analysis, we found that PheCAD1, PheCAD2 and PheCAD8 form homo-dimers. Interestingly, BiFC and pull-down experiments identified that these enzymes form both homo- and hetero- dimers. These data suggest that PheCAD genes are involved in abiotic stress response and PheCAD2 might be a key lignin biosynthesis pathway enzyme. Moreover, this is the first report to show that three PheCAD enzymes form complexes and that the formation of PheCAD homo- and hetero- dimers might be tissue specific.


Assuntos
Oxirredutases do Álcool/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Lignina/biossíntese , Poaceae/enzimologia , Estresse Fisiológico , Oxirredutases do Álcool/genética , Dimerização , Poaceae/genética , Multimerização Proteica
12.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 585, 2021 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34886797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: LTR retrotransposons play a significant role in plant growth, genome evolution, and environmental stress response, but their regulatory response to heat stress remains unclear. We have investigated the activities of two LTR retrotransposons, PHRE1 and PHRE2, of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis) in response to heat stress. RESULTS: The differential overexpression of PHRE1 and PHRE2 with or without CaMV35s promoter showed enhanced expression under heat stress in transgenic plants. The transcriptional activity studies showed an increase in transposition activity and copy number among moso bamboo wild type and Arabidopsis transgenic plants under heat stress. Comparison of promoter activity in transgenic plants indicated that 5'LTR promoter activity was higher than CaMV35s promoter. Additionally, yeast one-hybrid (Y1H) system and in planta biomolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) assay revealed interactions of heat-dependent transcription factors (TFs) with 5'LTR sequence and direct interactions of TFs with pol and gag. CONCLUSIONS: Our results conclude that the 5'LTR acts as a promoter and could regulate the LTR retrotransposons in moso bamboo under heat stress.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Poaceae/metabolismo , Retroelementos/genética , Sequências Repetidas Terminais , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética , Resposta ao Choque Térmico/genética , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Poaceae/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas
13.
World Allergy Organ J ; 14(11): 100610, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34934470

RESUMO

Chronic urticaria (CU) is a debilitating skin disease that lasts for more than 6 weeks with wheals and/or angioedema, including chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) and chronic inducible urticaria (CIndU). In China, the prevalence of this disease is high, more than 1%, and on the rise. CU has a major impact on the quality of life (QoL) of patients who frequently experience sleep disturbance, depression, and anxiety. Nearly one-third of patients with CSU, in China, are resistant to second-generation H1-antihistamines (sgAHs), even at a fourfold dose (second line; off-label). Omalizumab is approved for the treatment of CSU treatment in Europe and shows remarkable efficacy and safety. In China, regulatory approval for the use of omalizumab is pending, and its use in clinical practice varies widely. Consensus on omalizumab CU treatment in China is urgently needed. The aim of this article is to propose a practical omalizumab treatment algorithm for the management of antihistamine-resistant CSU and CIndU in adults and special population including children and adolescents, and pregnant or breast feeding women, to guide daily clinical practice in China. In the development of this consensus, an expert group including mainly dermatologists, allergists, but also pulmonologists, ENTs, immunologists, and pediatricians in Allergic Disease Prevention and Control Committee, Chinese Preventive Medicine Association, reviewed the existing evidence and developed consensus on the use of omalizumab in CU patients from China. The goal of this consensus is to assist clinicians in making rational decisions in the management of refractory CU with omalizumab. The key clinical questions covered by the treatment algorithm are: 1) Omalizumab treatment routine strategy in both CSU and CIndU patients; 2) Recommended dose and treatment duration for different age stratification; 3) Treatment duration for CU patients with other allergic comorbidities; 4) Recommendation on omalizumab stopping strategy.

14.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(11): 1267-1275, 2021 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34911862

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic and autoimmunity-mediated diffuse connective tissue disease. The mainstay of treatments for SLE mainly relies on corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, which have a series of unavoidable side effects. Therefore, it is of fundamental importance to search novel therapeutic targets for better treatment with favorable efficacy and minor side effects. Recent studies shed light on potential therapeutic targets for SLE, mainly covering the followings: B-cell/plasmocyte-related targets [B cell activating factor (BAFF), a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL), CD20, CD22, CD19/FcγRIIb, Bruton tyrosine kinase (Btk), and proteasome], T cell-related targets [calcineurin, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), regulatory factor X1 (RFX1), and Rho kinase], macrophage-related targets (macrophage migration inhibitory factor), intracellular signaling molecules, cytokines (cereblon, histone deacetylase 6, Janus activated kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription), co-stimulating factors (CD28/B7, CD40/CD154), IgE autoantibody, and gut microbiome. Among them, belimumab (a humanized monoclonal antibody against B-lymphocyte stimulator) and telitacicept (a recombinant human B-lymphocyte stimulator receptor-antibody fusion protein) have been sequentially approved for the clinical treatment of SLE in China. A variety of new targeted-therapy drugs are in the Phase 2 or Phase 3 clinical trials,among which anifrolumab (a human monoclonal antibody against type I interferon receptor subunit 1) has completed a Phase 3 clinical trial with good responses achieved, although its incidence of herpes zoster is higher than that in the control group. The research progress in both molecular mechanisms and new drug development for different therapeutic targets have greatly promoted our better and in-depth understanding of the pathogenesis of SLE, and have also reflected the complexity and heterogeneity of the disease. Successful development and clinical application of more novel therapies would no doubt usher in a new era of individualized treatment for SLE in the future.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos B , Humanos , Imunossupressores , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico
15.
Front Immunol ; 12: 691304, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721374

RESUMO

Background: Increasing evidence suggests that the gut microbiome plays a role in the pathogenesis of allergy and autoimmunity. The association between abnormalities in the gut microbiota and chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) remains largely undefined. Methods: Fecal samples were obtained from 39 patients with CSU and 40 healthy controls (HCs). 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing (39 patients with CSU and 40 HCs) and untargeted metabolomics (12 patients with CSU and 12 HCs) were performed to analyze the compositional and metabolic alterations of the gut microbiome in CSU patients and HCs. Results: The 16S rRNA gene sequencing results showed a significant difference in the ß-diversity of the gut microbiota, presented as the Jaccard distance, between CSU patients and HCs. No significant differences were found in the α-diversity of the gut microbiota between patients and HCs. At the phylum level, the major bacteria in the gut microbiome of patients with CSU were Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, and Actinobacteria. At the genus level, Lactobacillus, Turicibacter, and Lachnobacterium were significantly increased and Phascolarctobacterium was decreased in patients with CSU. PICRUSt and correlation analysis indicated that Lactobacillus, Turicibacter, and Phascolarctobacterium were positively related to G protein-coupled receptors. Metabolomic analysis showed that α-mangostin and glycyrrhizic acid were upregulated and that 3-indolepropionic acid, xanthine, and isobutyric acid were downregulated in patients with CSU. Correlation analysis between the intestinal microbiota and metabolites suggested that there was a positive correlation between Lachnobacterium and α-mangostin. Conclusions: This study suggests that disturbances in the gut microbiome composition and metabolites and their crosstalk or interaction may participate in the pathogenesis of CSU.


Assuntos
Bactérias/metabolismo , Urticária Crônica/metabolismo , Urticária Crônica/microbiologia , Metabolismo Energético , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Metaboloma , Adolescente , Adulto , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/imunologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Urticária Crônica/imunologia , Disbiose , Fezes/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metabolômica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo , Ribotipagem , Adulto Jovem
16.
Mater Horiz ; 8(2): 597-605, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821276

RESUMO

In a tumor, the abnormal cancer cell proliferation results in an insufficient O2 supply, and meanwhile cancer cells consume O2 very fast. The imbalance between a low oxygen supply and overwhelming oxygen consumption results in a low oxygen concentration in solid tumors. Therefore, in order to relieve hypoxia in tumors, it is necessary to not only sustainably generate O2, but also inhibit mitochondrial respiration simultaneously. Here, we found that a single Ti2C(OH)2 nanomaterial not only can sustainably generate O2 but also simultaneously highly inhibits mitochondrial respiration via binding phosphorylation proteins onto the surface in cancer cells. Ce6 was linked onto Ti2C(OH)2, forming Ti2C(OH)2-Ce6. Ti2C(OH)2-Ce6 could highly relieve hypoxia in tumors via the combination of sustainable O2 generation and respiration inhibition, produce enough 1O2 to kill cancer cells via PDT, and also effectively convert the absorbed light energy into thermal energy to kill cancer cell via PTT, thereby highly enhancing the cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias/terapia , Oxigênio , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Respiração
17.
Mater Horiz ; 8(2): 645, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821282

RESUMO

Correction for 'Single nanosheet can sustainably generate oxygen and inhibit respiration simultaneously in cancer cells' by Wei-Qiang Huang et al., Mater. Horiz., 2021, DOI: .

18.
Org Lett ; 23(21): 8153-8157, 2021 11 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623166

RESUMO

The catalytic enantioselective desymmetrizing bromoaminocyclization of prochiral cyclohexa-1,4-dienes has been achieved by using chiral anion phase-transfer catalysis, providing a range of enantioenriched cis-3a-arylhydroindoles bearing an all-carbon quaternary stereocenter in good yields (up to 78%) and excellent enantioselectivities (up to 97% ee). Furthermore, the potential application of this methodology to natural product total synthesis was demonstrated by the asymmetric synthesis of (+)-Mesembrane.

19.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5846, 2021 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615868

RESUMO

Inadequate oxygenation is a major challenge in cell encapsulation, a therapy which holds potential to treat many diseases including type I diabetes. In such systems, cellular oxygen (O2) delivery is limited to slow passive diffusion from transplantation sites through the poorly O2-soluble encapsulating matrix, usually a hydrogel. This constrains the maximum permitted distance between the encapsulated cells and host site to within a few hundred micrometers to ensure cellular function. Inspired by the natural gas-phase tracheal O2 delivery system of insects, we present herein the design of a biomimetic scaffold featuring internal continuous air channels endowed with 10,000-fold higher O2 diffusivity than hydrogels. We incorporate the scaffold into a bulk hydrogel containing cells, which facilitates rapid O2 transport through the whole system to cells several millimeters away from the device-host boundary. A computational model, validated by in vitro analysis, predicts that cells and islets maintain high viability even in a thick (6.6 mm) device. Finally, the therapeutic potential of the device is demonstrated through the correction of diabetes in immunocompetent mice using rat islets for over 6 months.


Assuntos
Oxigênio/química , Animais , Biomimética , Encapsulamento de Células , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica , Humanos , Hidrogéis/química , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
20.
Adv Funct Mater ; : 2103477, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512227

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2, the virus that caused the COVID-19 pandemic, can remain viable and infectious on surfaces for days, posing a potential risk for fomite transmission. Liquid-based disinfectants, such as chlorine-based ones, have played an indispensable role in decontaminating surfaces but they do not provide prolonged protection from recontamination. Here a safe, inexpensive, and scalable membrane with covalently immobilized chlorine, large surface area, and fast wetting that exhibits long-lasting, exceptional killing efficacy against a broad spectrum of bacteria and viruses is reported. The membrane achieves a more than 6 log reduction within several minutes against all five bacterial strains tested, including gram-positive, gram-negative, and drug-resistant ones as well as a clinical bacterial cocktail. The membrane also efficiently deactivated nonenveloped and enveloped viruses in minutes. In particular, a 5.17 log reduction is achieved against SARS-CoV-2 after only 10 min of contact with the membrane. This membrane may be used on high-touch surfaces in healthcare and other public facilities or in air filters and personal protective equipment to provide continuous protection and minimize transmission risks.

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