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1.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 14(1): 347, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754922

RESUMO

AlGaN-based deep ultraviolet (DUV) light-emitting diodes (LEDs) suffer from electron overflow and insufficient hole injection. In this paper, novel DUV LED structures with superlattice electron deceleration layer (SEDL) is proposed to decelerate the electrons injected to the active region and improve radiative recombination. The effects of several chirped SEDLs on the performance of DUV LEDs have been studied experimentally and numerically. The DUV LEDs have been grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) and fabricated into 762 × 762 µm2 chips, exhibiting single peak emission at 275 nm. The external quantum efficiency of 3.43% and operating voltage of 6.4 V are measured at a forward current of 40 mA, indicating that the wall-plug efficiency is 2.41% of the DUV LEDs with ascending Al-content chirped SEDL. The mechanism responsible for this improvement is investigated by theoretical simulations. The lifetime of the DUV LED with ascending Al-content chirped SEDL is measured to be over 10,000 h at L50, due to the carrier injection promotion.

2.
Nanotechnology ; 30(43): 435202, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31304918

RESUMO

AlGaN-based deep ultraviolet (DUV) multiple-quantum-wells (MQWs) incorporating strain-modulated nanostructures are proposed, demonstrating enhanced degree of polarization (DOP) and improved light extraction efficiency (LEE). The influence of Al composition and bi-axial strains on the optical behaviors of the DUV-MQWs were carefully examined. Compared with planar DUV-MQWs, strain-modulated nanostructure patterned MQWs show three times higher photoluminescence and increased DOP from -0.43 to -0.16. Moreover, nanostructure patterned DUV-MQWs under compressive strains further illustrate higher DOP and LEE values than those under tensile strains due to more efficient diffraction of the guided modes of the transverse electric (TE) polarized light. Our work demonstrates, for the first time, that a combination of compressive in-plane strain and surface nanostructure show unambiguous advantages in facilitating TE mode emission, thus have great promises in the design and optimization of highly efficient polarized DUV optoelectronic devices.

3.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(21): 19623-19630, 2019 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056914

RESUMO

Enhancing the light extraction efficiency is a prevalent but vital challenge for most solid-state lighting technologies, especially for deep ultraviolet light-emitting diodes (DUV-LEDs). In this paper, inspired by the microstructure of the butterfly's eye, we propose and fabricate a flexible fluoropolymer film (FFP film) to tackle this issue for all-mode, full-wavelength light extraction enhancement for most solid-state lighting technologies compatibly. The experimental results demonstrate that compared with one mounted with a smooth FFP film, the light output power of DUV-LED is enhanced up to 26.7% by mounting the FFP film with 325 nm radius nanocones at a driving current of 200 mA. Importantly, thanks to the super-flexible feature of the FFP film, it can both cover the top surface and sidewalls of the DUV-LED chip, leading to the improvement of transverse electric and transverse magnetic mode light extraction by 20.5 and 21.8%, respectively. Finite element analysis (FEA) simulations of the electric field distribution of DUV-LEDs with the FFP film reveal the underlying physics. The present strategy is proposed from the view of the packaging level, which is cost-effective, able to be manufactured at a large scale, and compatible with the solid-state lighting technologies.

4.
Opt Lett ; 44(8): 1944-1947, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30985781

RESUMO

We report on the demonstration of a 386 nm light emission and detection dual-functioning device based on nonpolar a-plane n-ZnO/i-ZnO/p-Al0.1Ga0.9N heterojunction under both forward and reverse bias. The electroluminescence intensity under reverse bias is significantly stronger than that under forward bias, facilitated by carrier tunneling when the valence band of p-AlGaN aligns with the conduction band of i-ZnO under reverse bias. Also amid reverse bias, the photodetection was observed and applied in a duplex optical communication device. Optical polarization of the light emission is studied for potential polarization-sensitive device applications. The proposed device provides an important pathway for the multifunctional devices operating in a UV spectrum.

5.
Nanotechnology ; 29(19): 195203, 2018 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29469057

RESUMO

In this paper, we report a 2.6-fold deep ultraviolet emission enhancement of integrated photoluminescence (PL) intensity in AlGaN-based multi-quantum wells (MQWs) by introducing the coupling of local surface plasmons from Al nanoparticles (NPs) on a SiO2 dielectric interlayer with excitons and photons in MQWs at room temperature. In comparison to bare AlGaN MQWs, a significant 2.3-fold enhancement of the internal quantum efficiency, from 16% to 37%, as well as a 13% enhancement of photon extraction efficiency have been observed in the MQWs decorated with Al NPs on SiO2 dielectric interlayer. Polarization-dependent PL measurement showed that both the transverse electric and transverse magnetic mode were stronger than the original intensity in bare AlGaN MQWs, indicating a strong LSPs coupling process and vigorous scattering ability of the Al/SiO2 composite structure. These results were confirmed by the activation energy of non-radiative recombination from temperature-dependent PL measurement and the theoretical three dimensional finite difference time domain calculations.

6.
Opt Express ; 26(2): 680-686, 2018 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29401950

RESUMO

In this work, combined analysis of internal strain effects on optical polarization and internal quantum efficiency (IQE) were conducted for the first time. Deep ultraviolet light extraction efficiency of AlGaN multiple quantum wells (MQWs) have been investigated by means of polarization-dependent photoluminescence (PD-PL) and temperature-dependent photoluminescence (TD-PL). With the increase of compressive internal strain applied to the MQWs by an underlying n-AlGaN layer, the degree of polarization (DOP) of the sample was improved from -0.26 to -0.06 leading to significant enhancement of light extraction efficiency (LEE) as the PL intensity increased by 29.2% even though the internal quantum efficiency declined by 7.7%. The results indicated that proper management of the internal compressive strain in AlGaN MQWs can facilitate the transverse electric (TE) mode and suppress the transverse magnetic (TM) mode which could effectively reduce the total internal reflection (TIR) and absorption. This work threw light upon the promising application of compressively strained MQWs to reduce the wave-guide effect and improve the LEE of deep ultraviolet light emitting diodes (DUV LEDs).

7.
ACS Omega ; 2(8): 5005-5011, 2017 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31457777

RESUMO

In this study, based on silicone composites with graphene oxide (GO) as a filler, a novel packaging strategy was proposed to reduce the interface thermal resistance of surface-mounted ultraviolet light-emitting diodes (UV-LEDs) and provide a potentially effective way for enhancing the long-term stability of devices. The 4 wt % GO-based composite showed an excellent performance in the thermal conductivity, and the interface thermal resistance was reduced by 34% after embedding the 4 wt % GO-based composite into the air gaps of bonding interfaces in the UV-LEDs, leading to a reduction of junction temperature by 1.2 °C under the working current of 1000 mA. Meanwhile, a decrease of thermal stress in bonding interfaces was obtained based on the finite element analysis. What is more, it was found that the lifetime of UV-LEDs with the proposed structure could be obviously improved. It is believed to provide a simple and effective approach for improving the performance of surface-mounted UV-LEDs.

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