Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 204
Filtrar
1.
Pathol Res Pract ; : 152920, 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173142

RESUMO

Glioma is the most common form of malignant intracranial tumors. Cyclin-dependent kinase-like 2 (CDKL2) was observed in various regions of the brain, but the specific role of CDKL2 in glioma has not been reported yet. In the present study, the expression of CDKL2 mRNA was detected by real-time QPCR in freshly collected glioma and para-carcinoma tissues, and we collected genomic and clinical data from The Cancer Genome Atlas to determine mRNA expression levels of CDKL2 in the normal brain and glioma samples. Moreover, western blot assay and immunohistochemistry experiments were implemented to identify CDKL2 protein expression, and clinical pathology characteristics from 151 glioma cases and thirty-four para-carcinoma tissues were also examined. The relationship between the levels of CDKL2 expression and clinical data was analyzed. Low mRNA and protein expression of CDKL2 was observed in glioma tissues compared to non-cancerous tissues. In addition, low levels of CDKL2 correlated with Astrocytic type, higher clinical WHO grade, and higher Ki-67 expression in glioma. Low mRNA and protein expression of CDKL2 in glioma predicted an observably shorter overall survival time than high expression. However, as revealed by multivariate analysis, CDKL2 protein expression was not an independent prognostic biomarker for the survival of patients with glioma. Our study firstly determined that low levels of CDKL2 expression are associated with poor clinical diagnosis. Thus, CDKL2 may serve as a prognostic factor of glioma.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016340

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the impact of level 4 (L4) lymph node dissection (LND) on overall survival (OS) in left-side resectable non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with the aim of guiding lymphadenectomy. METHODS: A total of 1929 patients with left-side NSCLC who underwent R0 resection between 2001 and 2014 were included in the study. The patients were divided into a group with L4 LND (L4 LND+) and a group without L4 LND (L4 LND-). Propensity score matching was applied to minimize selection bias. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model were used to assess the impact of L4 LND on OS. RESULTS: A total of 317 pairs were matched. Of the cohort of patients, 20.3% (391/1929) had L4 LND. Of these patients, 11.8% (46/391) presented with L4 lymph node metastasis. L4 lymph node metastasis was not associated with the primary tumour lobes (P = 0.61). Before propensity score matching, the 5-year OS was comparable between the L4 LND+ and L4 LND- groups (69.0% vs 65.2%, P = 0.091). However, after propensity score matching, the 5-year OS of the L4 LND+ group was much improved compared to that of the L4 LND- group (72.9% vs 62.3%, P = 0.002) and L4 LND was an independent factor favouring OS (hazard ratio 0.678, 95% confidence interval 0.513-0.897; P = 0.006). Subgroup analysis suggested that L4 LND was an independent factor favouring OS in left upper lobe tumours. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with left-side operable NSCLC, L4 lymph node metastasis was not rare and L4 LND should be routinely performed.

3.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 98: 45-51, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887410

RESUMO

Vibrio harveyi, a severe pathogen infects different kinds of sea animals, causes huge economic loss in aquaculture industry. In order to control the Vibriosis disease caused mainly by V. harveyi and other Vibrio spp., the best solution lies in developing corresponding efficient vaccines. In this study, we have cloned and analysed a putative antigen TssJ from the T6SS of V. harveyi, which has the potential as a vaccine against infection. The sequence analysis and western blotting experiments indicated that TssJ anchored in outer membrane and there were several antigenic determinants existed on its extracellular region. Two forms of universal vaccines, subunit vaccine and DNA vaccine, were developed based on TssJ and applied in Trachinotus ovatus. The results showed that both of the two vaccines could generate a moderate protection in fish against V. harveyi. The relative percentage survival (RPS) of subunit vaccine and DNA vaccine were 52.39% and 69.11%, respectively. Immunological analysis showed both subunit vaccine and DNA vaccine enhanced acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, superoxide dismutase, and lysozyme activities. Specific serum antibodies against TssJ in the fish vaccinated with subunit vaccine was much higher than that in the DNA vaccine group. Several immune-related genes, i.e., IL10, C3, MHC Iα, MHC IIα, and IgM, were induced both by the two forms of vaccines. TNFα and Mx were only upregulated in the DNA vaccine group. However, the induction levels of these genes induced by DNA vaccine were higher than subunit vaccine. All these findings suggested that TssJ from V. harveyi had a potential application value in vaccine industry.

4.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(3): 801-807, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884561

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We combined conventional clinical and pathological characteristics and pathological architectural grading scores to develop a prognostic model to identify a specific group of patients with stage I lung adenocarcinomas with poor survival following surgery. METHODS: This retrospective study included 198 patients with stage I lung adenocarcinomas recruited from 2004 to 2013. Multivariate analyses were used to confirm independent risk factors, which were checked for internal validity using the bootstrapping method. The prognostic scores, derived from ß-coefficients using the Cox regression model, classified patients into high- and low-risk groups. The predictive performance and discriminative ability of the model were assessed by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), concordance index (C-index) and Kaplan-Meier survival analyses. RESULTS: Three risk factors were identified: T2 (rounding of ß-coefficients = 81), necrosis (rounding of ß-coefficients = 67), and pathological architectural score of 5-6 (rounding of ß-coefficients = 58). The final prognostic score was the sum of points. The derived prognostic scores stratified patients into low- (score ≤ 103) and high- (score > 103) risk groups, with significant differences in 5-year overall survival (high vs. low risk: 49.3% vs. 88.0%, respectively; hazard ratio: 4.55; p < 0.001). The AUC for the proposed model was 0.717. The C-index of the model was 0.693. CONCLUSION: An integrated prognostic model was developed to discriminate resected stage I adenocarcinoma patients into low- and high-risk groups, which will help clinicians select individual treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/classificação , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/classificação , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
5.
Cancer Cell Int ; 19: 324, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827398

RESUMO

Background: Spindle and kinetochore associated protein 1 (SKA1) is a protein involved in chromosome congression and mitosis. It has been found to be upregulated and oncogenic in several human cancers. Herein, we investigated the precise role of SKA1 in the progression and malignant phenotype of human glioma. Methods: Bioinformatic analysis was carried out based on the RNA-seq data and corresponding clinical data from GEO, TCGA and CGGA databases. Western blot was performed to analyze the expression of SKA1 in clinical samples and signaling pathway proteins in glioma cells, respectively. CCK8 assay, colony forming assay and EdU assay were performed to assess the cell viability. Cell migration and invasion assays were also performed. Moreover, xenograft model was established and the expression of SKA1 was assessed in the xenograft by immunohistochemistry. Results: SKA1 expression is positively correlated with glioma grade and could be a promising biomarker for GBM. Moreover, overexpression of SKA1 may lead to poor prognosis in glioma. Downregulation of SKA1 attenuated cell viability, migration, and invasion in U251, U87, LN229 and T98 cells. Furthermore, GSEA analysis demonstrated that SKA1 was involved in the cell cycle, EMT pathway as well as Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, which were then confirmed with Western blot analysis. Conclusion: SKA1 promotes malignant phenotype and progression of glioma via multiple pathways, including cell cycle, EMT, Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. Therefore, SKA1 could be a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of human gliomas.

6.
Bioanalysis ; 11(22): 2049-2060, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829738

RESUMO

Aim: To develop and validate a simple method using UPLC-MS/MS for determination of apatinib and its three active metabolites in a Phase IV clinical trial. Materials & methods: All compounds were separated on a Hypersil GOLD™ aQ C18 Polar Endcapped LC column (50 × 2.1 mm, 1.9 µm, Thermo) using 5 mmol/l ammonium acetate with 0.1% formic acid:acetonitrile (20:80, v/v) as the mobile phase after a rapid liquid-liquid extraction. This method was validated over the linear concentration range of 1.00-1000 ng/ml for each compound. Results: The interassay precision and accuracy were less than ±15%. The validated method was successfully applied to determine concentrations of clinical samples in non-small-cell lung cancer patients.

7.
Nanoscale ; 11(45): 21867-21871, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696891

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) Ruddlesden-Popper perovskites with bulky organic cations have attracted extensive attention in light-emitting devices and photovoltaics due to their robust environment stability, tunable luminescent color, strong exciton binding and promising efficiency. A quantum well (QW) structure is spontaneously formed by sandwiching PbBr4 layers into bulky organic cations. However, some intrinsic excitonic mechanisms in these materials still need to be elucidated. In this study, the exciton-phonon interaction of quasi-2D (PEA)2(CsPbBr3)n-1PbBr4 with different PbBr4 layer numbers (n) was analyzed by temperature-varied photoluminescence (PL), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD). The mechanism of bandgap shifting with temperature was found to be dominated by the thermal expansion effect in the large-n 2D and bulk perovskite, and gradually switched to exciton-phonon interaction in the n = 1 (PEA)2PbBr4 phase, indicating enhanced exciton-phonon interaction in the thinner quantum well structure. Further analysis showed that the enhanced exciton-phonon interaction originated from the longitudinal optical phonon-exciton Fröhlich interaction rather than acoustic phonon-exciton coupling. We believe that our results will benefit the further optimization of light-emitting devices based on 2D perovskites.

9.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 369, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor 1 (OLR1), a type II membrane protein, has been identified as receptor for oxidized low-density lipoprotein. The current study firstly provided evidence that OLR1 regulated EMT and thus promoted lung metastases in osteosarcoma (OS). METHOD: All relevant experiments were conducted according to the manufacturer's protocols. In vivo tumor xenograft experiments were carried out in 6- to 16-week-old mice, then maintained in our animal facility under pathogen-free conditions in accordance with the Institutional Guidelines and approval by local authorities. For the use of the clinical materials for research purposes, prior patient's consent and approval from the Institute Research Ethics Committee were obtained. All statistical analyses were performed using IBM SPSS Statistics 22.0 for Windows. RESULT: Microarrays were adopted to explore the underlying epigenetic mechanisms related to metastasis. 11 genes were identified among total 26,890 differentially expressed genes. After validated in paired primary and metastatic tissues, OLR1 was selected in the current study. The expression levels of OLR1 were tested in 4 widely used cell lines. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion could be enhanced when OLR1 was overexpressed. OLR1 overexpression also triggered G1 to S + G2 phases of cell cycle. Accordingly, cell proliferations, migration and invasion would be reduced when OLR1 was silenced. OLR1-silencing blocked G1 to S + G2 phases of cell cycle. Also, OLR1 silencing effectively suppressed local tumor carcinogenesis and lung metastases in vivo. Moreover, silencing OLR1 repressed the expression of mesenchymal markers (Snail, Twist, and N-cadherin), but induced an epithelial marker (E-cadherin). CONCLUSION: This study indicated a novel molecular mechanism involving the role of OLR1 in lung metastases of osteosarcoma, strengthened the correlation between OLR1 and lung metastases.

10.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 14(1): 167, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533862

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study tested the relationship between preoperative serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and cancer-specific prognosis in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who have undergone curative resection. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study on 961 patients with esophageal squamous cell cancer who underwent curative esophagectomy from 2006 to 2012 at the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center. Preoperative serum CRP levels were determined, and a cutoff value of 5.0 mg/mL was established. Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to reduce the selection bias between patients with low CRP (≤ 5.0 mg/mL) and those with high CRP (> 5.0 mg/mL) levels based on age, tumor-lymph node-metastasis (TNM) stage, and tumor grade. The prognostic value of preoperative CRP levels was determined using life table, Kaplan-Meier, and Cox proportional hazards analyzes. RESULTS: In the unmatched cohort, the 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 57 and 53%, respectively, in patients with high preoperative CRP levels (> 5.0 mg/mL) and 68 and 56%, respectively, in those with low preoperative CRP levels (≤ 5.0 mg/mL). The difference in the survival rates of the 2 groups was significant (p = 0.004). Univariate survival analysis revealed that the preoperative CRP levels, TNM stage, tumor grade, drinking history, and anastomosis method were prognostic factors for overall survival (OS). Before conducting PSM, the low-CRP group had a lower age (p = 0.001), lower histological grade (p = 0.086), and lower TNM stage (p = 0.254). After PSM, 176 patients with low CRP levels and 176 of those with high CRP levels were enrolled in the analysis. In the matched cohort, the 3-year and 5-year survival rates were 56 and 50%, respectively, in patients with high preoperative CRP levels (> 5.0 mg/mL) and 68 and 56%, respectively, in those with low preoperative CRP levels (≤ 5.0 mg/mL). The difference in the survival rates between the low- and high-CRP groups was significant (p = 0.044). Multivariate analysis of the matched patients revealed that the TNM stage and preoperative CRP level were independent prognostic factors for OS. CONCLUSIONS: A high preoperative CRP level (> 5.0 mg/mL) predicts worse survival prognosis in patients who have undergone curative resection for esophageal squamous cell cancer.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/sangue , Pontuação de Propensão , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/cirurgia , Esofagectomia , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
11.
J Vis Exp ; (151)2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545320

RESUMO

3D printing has been widely applied in the medical field since the 1980s, especially in surgery, such as preoperative simulation, anatomical learning and surgical training. This raises the possibility of using 3D printing to construct a neurosurgical implant. Our previous works took the construction of the burr hole ring as an example, described the process of using softwares like computer aided design (CAD), Pro/Engineer (Pro/E) and 3D printer to construct physical products. That is, a total of three steps are required, the drawing of 2D-image, the construction of 3D-image of burr hole ring, and using a 3D printer to print the physical model of burr hole ring. This protocol shows that the burr hole ring made of carbon fiber can be rapidly and accurately molded by 3D printing. It indicated that both CAD and Pro/E softwares can be used to construct the burr hole ring via integrating with the clinical imaging data and further applied 3D printing to make the individual consumables.

12.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(6): 448, 2019 06 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171769

RESUMO

Aberrant microRNA-708 (miR-708) expression is frequently reported in cancer studies; however, its role in glioma has not been examined in detail. We investigated miR-708 function in glioma and revealed that miR-708 expression was significantly down-regulated in glioma tissues and cell lines. Restoration of miR-708 inhibited glioma cell growth and invasion both in vitro and in vivo. The oncogene SPHK2 (sphingosine kinase 2) was identified as a downstream target of miR-708 using luciferase and western blot assays. miR-708 inhibited AKT/ß-catenin signaling, which is activated by SPHK2. In addition, we revealed that miR-708 was transcriptionally repressed by EZH2 (enhancer of zeste homolog 2)-induced histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation and promoter methylation. In summary, our findings revealed that miR-708 is a glioma tumor suppressor and suggest that miR-708 is a potential therapeutic target for glioma patients.

13.
Front Plant Sci ; 10: 524, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31105725

RESUMO

Chickpea transformation is an important component for the genetic improvement of this crop, achieved through modern biotechnological approaches. However, recalcitrant tissue cultures and occasional chimerism, encountered during transformation, hinder the efficient generation of transgenic chickpeas. Two key parameters, namely micro-injury and light emitting diode (LED)-based lighting were used to increase transformation efficiency. Early PCR confirmation of positive in vitro transgenic shoots, together with efficient grafting and an extended acclimatization procedure contributed to the rapid generation of transgenic plants. High intensity LED light facilitate chickpea plants to complete their life cycle within 9 weeks thus enabling up to two generations of stable transgenic chickpea lines within 8 months. The method was validated with several genes from different sources, either as single or multi-gene cassettes. Stable transgenic chickpea lines containing GUS (uidA), stress tolerance (AtBAG4 and TlBAG), as well as Fe-biofortification (OsNAS2 and CaNAS2) genes have successfully been produced.

14.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(8): 2401-2408, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate whether tumor volume (TV) is better than diameter for predicting the prognosis of patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after complete resection. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed the clinicopathologic characteristics of 274 patients with early-stage NSCLC who had received pretreatment computed tomography (CT) scans and complete resection. TV was semi-automatically measured from CT scans using an imaging software program. The optimal cutoff of TV was determined by X-tile software. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were assessed by the Kaplan-Meier method. The prognostic significance of TV and other variables was assessed by Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. RESULTS: Using 3.046 cm3 and 8.078 cm3 as optimal cutoff values of TV, the patients were separated into three groups. A larger TV was significantly associated with poor DFS and OS in the multivariable analysis. Kaplan-Meier curves of DFS and OS showed significant differences on the basis of TV among patients with stage 1a disease, greatest tumor diameter (GTD) of 2 cm or smaller, and GTD of 2-3 cm, respectively. Using two TV cutoff points, three categories of TV were created. In 54 cases (19.7%), patients migrated from the GTD categories of 2 cm or smaller, 2-3 cm, and larger than 3 cm into the TV categories of 3.046 cm3 or smaller, 3.046-8.078 cm3, and larger than 8.078 cm3. CONCLUSION: TV is an independent prognostic factor of DFS and OS for early-stage NSCLC. The findings show that TV is better than GTD for predicting the prognosis of patients with early-stage NSCLC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Carga Tumoral , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
15.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(27): 9017-9021, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31063257

RESUMO

Benzimidazolone and benzoxazolone moieties are important scaffolds in a variety of pharmaceutical molecules. These bicyclic heterocycles are usually prepared from a benzene derivative through the construction of an additional five-membered heterocyclic ring. We report herein a method that enables the efficient synthesis of highly substituted benzimidazolone and benzoxazolone derivatives by building both the benzene and the heterocyclic rings through a dehydrogenative cyclization cascade. Readily available arylamine-tethered 1,5-enynes undergo a biscyclization/dehydrogenation cascade to afford functionalized benzanellated heterocycles in a single step with complete control of regioselectivity. These electricity-powered oxidative transformations proceed with H2 evolution, thus obviating the need for transition-metal-based catalysts and oxidizing reagents.

16.
J Immunother Cancer ; 7(1): 98, 2019 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30944026

RESUMO

High-level tissue tumor mutational burden (tTMB) or blood TMB (bTMB) are associated with better response of immunotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. However, the correlations of single-region tTMB, multi-region tTMB and bTMB remain to be determined. Moreover, whether intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) has impact on TMB should be clarified. We collected multi-region tumor tissues with matched blood from 32 operative NSCLC and evaluated single-region tTMB, multi-region tTMB and bTMB through a 1021-gene panel sequencing. TMB of > 9 mutations/Mb was classified as high. Besides, we used tTMB fold-change to evaluate the influence of the enrolled region number on tTMB. We found both of single-region tTMB and bTMB showed strong correlations with multi-region tTMB, while the former correlated better (Pearson r = 0.94, P = 2E-84; Pearson r = 0.47, P = 0.0067). It showed extremely high specificity (100%) but low sensitivity (43%) when using bTMB to define TMB-high patients, while most false-negative predictions were in early-stage patients. Compared to single region, we found significantly enhanced tTMB fold-change if taking multi-regions for consideration. However, it showed insignificant tTMB fold-change increase if the included regions' number more than three. Moreover, ITH-high patients had significantly higher tTMB fold-change compared with ITH-low patients (2.32 vs. 1.02, P = 8.879e-05). The conversion rate of tTMB level (tTMB-low to tTMB-high) was numerically higher in ITH-high group than that in ITH-low group (16.67% vs. 3.84%). In summary, single-region tTMB has stronger correlation with multi-region tTMB compared with bTMB. ITH has an impact on tTMB, especially in high-level ITH patients.

17.
Radiother Oncol ; 136: 98-105, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015136

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of 45 Gy/15 fractions/once-daily and 45 Gy/30 fractions/twice-daily radiation schemes utilizing intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in extensive stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC), and to build up a new radiobiological model for tumor control probability (TCP) considering multiple biological effects. METHODS: Fifty-eight consecutive patients diagnosed with extensive stage SCLC, treated with chemotherapy and chest irradiation, were retrospectively reviewed. Thirty-seven received hyperfractionated IMRT (Hyper-IMRT, 45 Gy/30 fractions/twice-daily) and 21 received hypofractionated IMRT (Hypo-IMRT, 45 Gy/15 fractions/once-daily). Local progression-free survival (LPFS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated and compared. An extended linear-quadratic (LQ) model, LQRG, incorporating cell repair, redistribution, reoxygenation, regrowth and Gompertzian tumor growth was created based on the clinical data. The TCP model was reformulated to predict LPFS. The classical LQ and TCP models were compared with the new models. Akaike information criterion (AIC) was used to assess the quality of the models. RESULTS: The 2-year LPFS (34.1% vs 27.9%, p = 0.44) and OS (76.9% vs 76.9%, p = 0.26) were similar between Hyper- and Hypo-IMRT patients. According to the LQRG model, the α/ß calculated was 9.2 (95% confidence interval: 8.7-9.9) Gy after optimization. The average absolute and relative fitting errors for LPFS were 9.1% and 18.7% for Hyper-IMRT, and 8.8% and 16.2% for Hypo-IMRT of the new TCP model, compared with 29.1% and 62.3% for Hyper-IMRT, and 30.7% and 65.3% for Hypo-IMRT of the classical model. CONCLUSIONS: Hypo- and Hyper-IMRT resulted in comparable local control in the chest irradiation of extensive stage SCLC. The LQRG model has better performance in predicting the TCP (or LPFS) of the two schemes.

18.
Oncologist ; 24(10): 1368-1374, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30872465

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of adjuvant targeted therapy for operable lung cancer is still under debate. Comprehensive genetic profiling is needed for detecting co-mutations in resected epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated lung adenocarcinoma (ADC), which may interfere the efficacy of adjuvant tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mutation profiling of 416 cancer-relevant genes was conducted for 139 resected stage I-IIIa lung ADCs with EGFR mutations using targeted next-generation sequencing. Co-mutation profiles were systematically analyzed. RESULTS: Rare EGFR alterations other than exon 19 deletion and L858R, such as L861Q (∼3%) and G719A (∼2%), were identified at low frequencies. Approximately 10% of patients had mutations in EGFR exon 20 that could confer resistance to first-generation TKIs. Ninety-one percent of patients harbored at least one co-mutation in addition to the major EGFR mutation. TP53 was the top mutated gene and was found more frequently mutated at later stage. Markedly, NF1 mutations were found only in stage II-III ADCs. Conversely, RB1 mutations were more frequent in stage I ADCs, whereas APC mutations were observed exclusively in this group. Thirty-four percent of patients with EGFR TKI-sensitizing mutations had genetic alterations involving EGFR downstream effectors or bypass pathways that could affect the response to EGFR TKIs, such as PIK3CA, BRCA1, and NOTCH1. CONCLUSION: Operable lung ADCs with EGFR TKI-sensitizing mutations are associated with a high proportion of co-mutations. Mutation profiling of these resected tumors could facilitate in determining the applicability and efficacy of adjuvant EGFR TKI therapeutic strategy. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The efficacy of adjuvant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy for lung cancer harboring EGFR mutation after surgical resection is still under debate. Next-generation sequencing of 416 cancer-relevant genes in 139 resected lung cancers revealed the co-mutational landscape with background EGFR mutation. Notably, the study identified potential EGFR TKI-resistant mutations in 34.71% of patients with a drug-sensitizing EGFR mutation and who were naive in terms of targeted therapy. A comprehensive mutation profiling of these resected tumors could facilitate in determining the applicability and efficacy of adjuvant EGFR TKI therapeutic strategy for these patients.

19.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(6): 1934-1941, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30820786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of specific co-mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated lung adenocarcinoma is unclear. METHODS: Tissues from 147 consecutive patients with resected EGFR-mutated lung adenocarcinomas treated at Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center were analyzed by next-generation sequencing (NGS). Associations between mutation status, patient baseline characteristics, and survival outcomes (disease-free survival [DFS] and overall survival [OS]) after surgical resection were analyzed. RESULTS: TP53 and protein kinase D (PKD) mutations were the two most frequently observed co-mutations in this cohort. Dual PKD/EGFR and TP53/EGFR mutations were found in 39 (27%) and 72 patients (49%), respectively, with dual TP53/EGFR mutations more commonly observed in male patients (P = 0.021). Both TP53 (hazard ratio [HR] 2.08, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.23-3.54, P = 0.007) and PKD co-mutations (HR 1.72, 95% CI 1.01-2.93, P = 0.044) were associated with shorter DFS, but not OS, in univariate analysis. In multivariate analysis, patients harboring PKD/TP53 co-mutations had shorter DFS compared with PKD-/TP53- cases (HR 2.49, 95% CI 1.15-5.37, P = 0.02). In a subgroup of never-smokers, TP53 co-mutations were associated with significantly worse OS (HR 50.11, 95% CI 2.39-1049.83, P = 0.012). CONCLUSION: TP53 and PKD mutations were the two most frequently observed co-mutations in resected EGFR-mutated lung adenocarcinoma. Both mutations were associated with poorer prognoses in affected patients.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Mutação , Proteína Quinase C/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonectomia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Mol Med Rep ; 19(4): 2707-2715, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30720096

RESUMO

Large­scale genomics studies have identified recurrently mutated genes in the ETS gene family, including fusions and copy number variations (CNVs), which are involved in the development of prostate adenocarcinoma (PRAD). However, the aetiology of PRAD remains to be fully elucidated. In the present study, 333 driver genes were identified using four computational tools: OncodriveFM, OncodriveCLUST, iCAGES and DrGaP. In addition, 32 driver pathways were identified using DrGaP. SPOP, TP53, SPTA1, AHNAK, HMCN1, ATM, FOXA1, CSMD3, LRP1B and FREM2 were the 10 most recurrently mutated genes in PRAD. ITGAL, TAGAP, SIGLEC10, RAC2 and ITGA4 were the five hub genes in the yellow module that were associated with the number of positive lymph nodes. Hierarchical clustering analysis of the 20 driver genes with the most frequent CNVs revealed three clusters of patients with PRAD. Cluster 3 tumours exhibited significantly higher numbers of positive lymph nodes, higher Gleason scores, more advanced cancer stages and poorer prognosis than cluster 1 and 2 tumours. A total of 48 genes were significantly associated with the number of positive lymph nodes, Gleason scores and pathologic stage in patients with PRAD. The identified set of cancer genes and pathways sheds light on the tumorigenesis of PRAD and creates avenues for the development of prognostic biomarkers and driver gene­targeted therapies in PRAD.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Biologia Computacional , Oncogenes , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Mutação , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA