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1.
Health Soc Care Community ; 29(2): 445-452, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667104

RESUMO

Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at risk of contracting the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Previous studies have documented low uptake of sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention and health services among Chinese MSM. We carried out qualitative research among MSM in Southwest China. By taking the Health Brief Model (HBM) as a framework, we aimed to determine the underlying factors related to use of HCV health intervention services among MSM. From May to July 2018, we conducted in-depth interviews in Southwest China with 20 participants. Our research revealed that a lack of knowledge about HCV prevention was the main reason why MSM failed to perceive their susceptibility to HCV and had low motivation to seek preventive services. Poor service accessibility and unpleasant experiences seeing doctors also exerted negative influences on health care-seeking behaviour in MSM. More trust and understanding needs to be built between health providers and MSM. Protection of privacy for MSM should be guaranteed in the delivery of health interventions. In addition, the interviewees showed refusal to engage with health interventions being specifically targeted at MSM, which would create a sense of being 'labelled'. Tailored health interventions may overemphasise their sexuality, segregate them from heterosexuals, and make them feel alienated. Therefore, we speculate that differential treatment may be an obstacle for MSM to become involved in health interventions.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Hepatite C , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , China , Hepacivirus , Hepatite C/prevenção & controle , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa
2.
J Contin Educ Nurs ; 50(3): 121-126, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30835322

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This multicenter cross-sectional study sought to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding the use of physical restraints by Chinese nurses in intensive care units (ICUs) of tertiary hospitals. METHOD: A scale technique was used to measure the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of 383 RNs from eight tertiary hospitals in Chongqing, China. RESULTS: A total of 383 valid questionnaires were returned, for a response rate of 89.49%. Approximately 8.1% of the nurses were male, 67.1% had a bachelor's degree or above, and 55.09% were ICU specialists. The average age was 28.62 years (SD = 4.56). The mean scores were 74.33 of 111 (SD = 9.552), 24.41 of 40 (SD = 4.872), and 65.66 of 130 (SD = 20.880) regarding knowledge, attitudes, and nursing practices, respectively. For the attitude scale, the scores of nurses who were certified ICU specialists and had extensive working experience were higher than those with less experience; the difference was statistically significant (p < .05). CONCLUSION: Results indicated that nurses employed in the ICUs of tertiary hospitals in Chongqing, China, have relatively insufficient knowledge, comparatively incorrect attitudes, and unreasonable means of practicing physical restraint. Continuing education should focus strongly on the relationship between physical restraint and unplanned extubation, and guidelines on physical restraint urgently need to be developed. [J Contin Educ Nurs. 2019;50(3):121-126.].


Assuntos
/psicologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Enfermagem de Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Restrição Física/psicologia , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Atenção Terciária
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