Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 8 de 8
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 24(36): 27788-27798, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28983739

RESUMO

NO can be removed at the same time with SO2 by aqueous Co(NH3)62+ solution. The reduction of Co(NH3)63+ to Co(NH3)62+ is catalyzed by activated carbon to regain the NO absorption ability of the scrubbing solution. Oxalic acid solution is explored to change the carbon surface to ameliorate its catalytic capability. The experimental results suggest that the best catalyst is prepared by impregnating the carbon sample in 0.7 mol l-1 oxalic acid solution for 24 h followed by being activated at 600 °C for 5 h under nitrogen atmosphere. After being treated with oxalic acid solution, the surface area and the acidity on the carbon surface increase. The experiments show that the carbon modified with oxalic acid can get a much higher NO removal efficiency than the original carbon.


Assuntos
Carbono/análise , Poluentes Ambientais/química , Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental/métodos , Óxido Nítrico/química , Ácido Oxálico/análise , Catálise , Carvão Vegetal/análise , Cobalto
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 191(1-3): 184-9, 2011 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21555182

RESUMO

The combined elimination of NO and SO(2) can be realized by hexamminecobalt(II) solution which is formed by adding soluble cobalt(II) salt into the aqueous ammonia solution. Activated carbon is used as a catalyst to regenerate hexamminecobalt(II), Co(NH(3))(6)(2+), so that NO removal efficiency can be maintained at a high level for a long time. In this study, KOH solution has been explored to modify coconut activated carbon to meliorate its catalytic performance in the reduction of hexamminecobalt(III), Co(NH(3))(6)(3+). The experiments have been performed in a batch stirred cell to investigate the effects of KOH concentration, impregnation duration, activation temperature and activation duration on the performance of activated carbon. The results show that the best KOH concentration for the improvement of activated carbon is 0.5 mol l(-1). The optimal impregnation duration is 9h. High temperature is favorable to ameliorating the catalytic performance of activated carbon. The optimum activation duration is 4h.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Carbono/química , Cobalto/química , Hidróxidos/química , Compostos de Potássio/química , Catálise , Oxirredução , Soluções , Temperatura
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 185(2-3): 951-7, 2011 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21041025

RESUMO

In this study, the adsorption of EDTA on activated carbon from aqueous solutions has been investigated in a batch stirred cell. Experiments have been carried out to investigate the effects of temperature, EDTA concentration, pH, activated carbon mass and particle size on EDTA adsorption. The experimental results manifest that the EDTA adsorption rate increases with its concentration in the aqueous solutions. EDTA adsorption also increases with temperature. The EDTA removal from the solution increases as activated carbon mass increases. The Langmuir and Freundlich equilibrium isotherm models are found to provide a good fitting of the adsorption data, with R(2) = 0.9920 and 0.9982, respectively. The kinetic study shows that EDTA adsorption on the activated carbon is in good compliance with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The thermodynamic parameters (E(a), ΔG(0), ΔH(0), ΔS(0)) obtained indicate the endothermic nature of EDTA adsorption on activated carbon.


Assuntos
Carbono/química , Ácido Edético/química , Água/química , Adsorção , Tamanho da Partícula , Soluções , Termodinâmica
4.
J Hazard Mater ; 162(1): 99-102, 2009 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18565653

RESUMO

Ammonia solution can be used to scrub NO from the flue gases by adding soluble cobalt(II) salts into the aqueous ammonia solutions. The hexamminecobalt(II), Co(NH3)6(2+), formed by ammonia binding with Co2+ is the active constituent of eliminating NO from the flue gas streams. The hexamminecobalt(II) can combine with NO to form a complex. For the development of this process, the data of the equilibrium constants for the coordination between NO and Co(NH3)6(2+)over a range of temperature is very important. Therefore, a series of experiments were performed in a bubble column to investigate the chemical equilibrium. The equilibrium constant was determined in the temperature range of 30.0-80.0 degrees C under atmospheric pressure at pH 9.14. All experimental data fit the following equation well: [see text] where the enthalpy and entropy are DeltaH degrees = - (44.559 +/- 2.329)kJ mol(-1) and DeltaS degrees = - (109.50 +/- 7.126) J K(-1)mol(-1), respectively.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar/química , Cobalto/química , Óxido Nítrico/química , Algoritmos , Indicadores e Reagentes , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/química , Soluções , Temperatura , Termodinâmica , Água
5.
J Hazard Mater ; 129(1-3): 260-5, 2006 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16236439

RESUMO

A homogeneous catalyst system made up of [Co(NH3)6]2+/I- has been put forward to catalyze the oxidation of concentrated ammonium sulfite. The experiments were performed in a packed column with sulfite concentrations above 2.5 mol l(-1), temperature range 20-65 degrees C, and oxygen partial pressure 0.052-0.21 atm. The experimental results indicate that the Co(NH3)6(2+)/I- homogeneous catalyst system can obviously accelerate the concentrated ammonium sulfite oxidation rate. After 2h reaction, the sulfite conversion is only 12.5% with no catalysts while 72.1% sulfite conversion can be obtained with 0.02 mol l(-1) Co(NH3)6(2+) and 0.005 mol l(-1) I- in the ammonium sulfite solution. The sulfite oxidation rate increases 284% as Co(NH3)6(2+) concentration increases from 0.01 to 0.02 mol l(-1). But there is little use increasing the Co(NH3)6(2+) concentration above 0.04 mol l(-1). The sulfite oxidation rate may increase 229% as the temperature increases from 20 to 65 degrees C. Sulfite oxidation rate is independent of the initial sulfite concentration. Increasing the oxygen partial pressure can increase the sulfite conversion. The reaction order with respect to oxygen is 1.2 and sulfite is zero. The apparent activation energy determined is 23.5 kJ mol(-1).


Assuntos
Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar/química , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/química , Sulfitos/química , Catálise , Oxirredução , Pressão Parcial , Temperatura
6.
J Hazard Mater ; 123(1-3): 210-6, 2005 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15869841

RESUMO

Wet ammonia desulphurization process can be retrofitted for combined removal of SO2 and NO from the flue gas by adding soluble cobalt(II) salts into the aqueous ammonia solutions. The Co(NH3)6(2+) formed by ammonia binding with Co2+ is the active constituent of scrubbing NO from the flue gas streams. A stirred vessel with a plane gas-liquid interface was used to measure the chemical absorption rates of nitric oxide into the Co(NH3)6(2+) solution under anaerobic and aerobic conditions separately. The experiments manifest that the nitric oxide absorption reaction can be regarded as instantaneous when nitric oxide concentration levels are parts per million ranges. The gas-liquid reaction becomes gas film controlling as Co(NH3)6(2+) concentration exceeds 0.02 mol/l. The NO absorption rate is proportional to the nitric oxide inlet concentration. Oxygen in the gas phase is favorable to the absorption of nitric oxide. But it is of little significance to increase the oxygen concentration above 5.2%. The NO absorption rate decreases with temperature. The kinetic equation of NO absorption into the Co(NH3)6(2+) solution under aerobic condition can be written as.


Assuntos
Cobalto/química , Gases/química , Óxido Nítrico/química , Absorção , Cinética , Oxigênio/química , Pressão Parcial , Temperatura
7.
Chemosphere ; 59(6): 811-7, 2005 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15811409

RESUMO

An innovative catalyst system has been developed to simultaneously remove NO and SO2 from combustion flue gas. Such catalyst system may be introduced to the scrubbing solution using ammonia solution to accomplish sequential absorption and catalytic oxidation of both NO and SO2 in the same reactor. When the catalyst system is utilized for removing NO and SO2 from the flue gas, Co(NH3)(6)2+ ions act as the catalyst and I- as the co-catalyst. Dissolved oxygen, in equilibrium with the residual oxygen in the flue gas, is the oxidant. The overall removal process is further enhanced by UV irradiation at 365 nm. More than 95% of NO is removed at a feed concentration of 250-900 ppm, and nearly 100% of SO2 is removed at a feed concentration of 800-2500 ppm. The sulfur dioxide co-existing in the flue gas is beneficial to NO absorption into hexamminecobalt(II)/iodide solution. NO and SO2 can be converted to ammonium sulfate and ammonium nitrate that can be used as fertilizer materials. The process described here demonstrates the feasibility of removing SO2 and NO simultaneously only by retrofitting the existing wet ammonia flue-gas-desulfurization (FGD) scrubbers.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/isolamento & purificação , Cobalto/química , Iodetos/química , Óxido Nítrico/isolamento & purificação , Dióxido de Enxofre/isolamento & purificação , Absorção , Poluentes Atmosféricos/química , Poluição do Ar/prevenção & controle , Catálise , Óxido Nítrico/química , Oxirredução , Oxigênio , Dióxido de Enxofre/química , Raios Ultravioleta
8.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 26(1): 20-3, 2005 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15859402

RESUMO

Aqueous ammonia solution can be used to remove NO from waste gas streams by adding soluble cobalt(II) salt into aqueous ammonia solution. The hexamminecobalt(II) cations can not only bind nitric oxide but also activate oxygen molecules in aqueous solutions. Nitric oxide is absorbed and oxidized simultaneously in the same reactor. Nitric oxide can be turned into nitrite and nitrate. Activated carbon is used to catalyze the reduction of hexamminecobalt (III) to hexamminecobalt (II) to maintain the capability of removing NO with the hexamminecobalt solution. The influences of temperature and activated carbon particle size on the conversion of hexamminecobalt (III) are investigated. According to the experimental results, the catalytic reduction reaction rate increased with temperature. The influence of particle size of AC on the reduction of hexamminecobalt (III) in fixed bed reactor was very little. Oxygen in the gas phase was beneficial to the absorption of NO into the hexamminecobalt solution. The experiments performe manifestly that the hexamminecobalt solution coupled with catalytic regeneration of hexamminecobalt (II) was able to maintain a high nitric oxide removal efficiency for a long time. This method may have a bright promise in application.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/química , Poluição do Ar/prevenção & controle , Cobalto/química , Gases/química , Óxido Nítrico/química , Absorção
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...