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1.
Nano Lett ; 20(1): 644-651, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790260

RESUMO

Solar-blind deep ultraviolet photodetectors (DUVPDs) based on conventional inorganic ultrawide bandgap semiconductors (UWBS) have shown promising application in various civil and military fields and yet they can hardly be used in wearable optoelectronic devices and systems for lack of mechanical flexibility. In this study, we report a non-UWBS solar-blind DUVPD by designing ultrathin polymer nanofibrils with a virtual ultrawide bandgap, which was obtained by grafting P3HT with PHA via a polymerization process. Optoelectronic analysis reveals that the P3HT-b-PHA nanofibrils are sensitive to DUV light with a wavelength of 254 nm but are virtually blind to both 365 nm and other visible light illuminations. The responsivity is 120 A/W with an external quantum efficiency of up to 49700%, implying a large photoconductive gain in the photoresponse process. The observed solar-blind DUV photoresponse is associated with the resonant mode due to the leakage mode of the ultrathin polymer nanofibrils. Moreover, a flexible image sensor composed of 10 × 10 pixels can also be fabricated to illustrate their capability for image sensing application. These results signify that the present ultrathin P3HT-b-PHA nanofibrils are promising building blocks for assembly of low-cost, flexible, and high-performance solar-blind DUVPDs.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(2): 257-260, 2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31803880

RESUMO

Inspired by the structure of puzzles, bombyx mori silk-derived carbon dots (CDs) with abundant negative groups, as jigsaw pieces, were combined with nano-CoP to create a highly effective electrocatalytic interface. The hollow cavity and thin wall of the bamboo-like CDs/CoP nanoarray is beneficial to produce more H˙ radicals and accelerate water decomposition.

3.
Int Immunopharmacol ; : 105979, 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771816

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary fibrosis (COPD) is a chronic and fatal lung disease with few treatment options. Sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), a donor of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), was found to alleviate cigarette smoke (CS)-induced emphysema in mice, however, the underlying mechanisms have not yet been clarified. In this study, we investigated its effects on COPD in a CS-induced mouse model in vivo and in cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-stimulated alveolar epithelial A549 cells in vitro. The results showed that NaHS not only relieved emphysema, but also improved pulmonary function in CS-exposed mice. NaHS significantly increased the expressions of tight junction proteins (i.e., ZO-1, Occludin and claudin-1), and reduced apoptosis and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines (i.e., TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1ß) in CS-exposed mouse lungs and CSE-incubated A549 cells, indicating H2S inhibits CS-induced inflammation, injury and apoptosis in alveolar epithelial cells. NaHS also upregulated prolyl hydroxylase (PHD)2, and suppressed hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α expression in vivo and in vitro, suggesting H2S inhibits CS-induced activation of PHD2/HIF-1α axis. Moreover, NaHS inhibited CS-induced phosphorylation of ERK, JNK and p38 MAPK in vivo and in vitro, and treatment with their inhibitors reversed CSE-induced ZO-1 expression and inflammation in A549 cells. These results suggest that NaHS may prevent emphysema via the suppression of PHD2/HIF-1α/MAPK signaling pathway, and subsequently inhibition of inflammation, epithelial cell injury and apoptosis, and may be a novel strategy for the treatment of COPD.

4.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 517(4): 557-565, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nowadays, people diagnosed sepsis may develop acute kidney injury (AKI), resulting heavy burden of health care. Recombinant human erythroprotein (rhEPO) has been suggested to have multifunction and may be used in the prevention or treatment of AKI, and its underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. METHODS: In our study, cell model induced by LPS-activated cell apoptosis in vitro and AKI animal model caused by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection in vivo. MTT assay and Flow Cytometry were conducted to analyze cell viability and apoptosis, respectively. Western bot was used to analyze expressions of apoptosis and autophagy associated proteins, and effects on AMPK/SIRT1 pathway. RESULTS: Our results suggested that rhEPO inhibited LPS-induced cell apoptosis in HK-2 and HEK-293. Moreover, we found that rhEPO activated autophagy to prevented cell apoptosis, changing the expression level of autophagy associated proteins such as LC3-I/LC3-II and P62, and AMPK/SIRT1 pathway was involved in its regulation. Additionally, both EX527 (SIRT1 inhibitor) and Compound C (AMPK inhibitor) blocked the autophagy effects caused by rhEPO and thus reversed the anti-apoptotic effects of rhEPO. Furthermore, our data demonstrated that rhEPO inhibited LPS-induced kidney tubular injury and decreased the expression level of apoptotic proteins by altering the expression level of autophagy related proteins and AMPK/SIRT1 pathway related proteins in vitro. CONCLUSION: Collectively, rhEPO suppressed LPS-induced cell apoptosis via AMPK/SIRT1 pathway mediated autophagy, and modulating their levels may serve as potential way in preventing AKI.

5.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(7): 2447-2456, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418248

RESUMO

The static chamber-gas chromatography method was applied to observe CO2 fluxes across the water-air interface from different aquaculture systems, including four groups of mesocosms, i.e., blank control system (CK), monoculture system of Sebastes schlegelii (F), monoculture system of Chlamys farreri (B) and polyculture system of S. schlegelii and C. farreri (FB). Meanwhile, the physical, chemical and biological indices of the water were measured. The results showed that the group CK was a stable CO2 source, with the mean flux of 12.42 mg·m-2·h-1. The group B was a CO2 source during the early and middle periods of the experiment and a CO2 sink at the end of the experiment, with the mean flux during the experiment being 10.95 mg·m-2·h-1. The change trends of CO2 flux in the group F and FB were generally consistent, acting as CO2 sources in the early period and as CO2 sinks subsequently. The mean fluxes of those two groups during the expe-riment were -3.53 and -10.49 mg·m-2·h-1, respectively. Water pH was a good predictor for CO2 flux across the water-air interface according to the result of regression analysis, with pH value of 8.25 as the critical threshold between efflux and influx. The net primary production of water column was the main factor influencing the CO2 flux, indicating that phytoplankton might be the main internal force regulating the CO2 flux across the water-air interface. Our results indicated that C. farreri at present stocking density in the polyculture system could promote phytoplankton biomass as well as primary production and therefore enhance the CO2 sink function.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Aquicultura , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Pectinidae , Animais , Metano , Água
6.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol ; 103(1): 147-154, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250070

RESUMO

A pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of three additives - citric acid (CA), polyaspartic acid (PASP), and FeCl3 - on the phytoextraction efficiency of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) by ryegrass (Lolium perenneL.) from artificially contaminated soils with different heavy metal concentrations. The results showed that as the concentration of pollutants increased, the TI (tolerance index) and BCF (bio-concentration factor) of ryegrass gradually increased only when FeCl3 was applied. FeCl3 also exhibited the most significant biomass enhancement and heavy metal accumulation of ryegrass, as well as the highest phytoextraction efficiency in heavily-polluted soils. The overall orders of the optimal phytoextraction efficiency for the three additives in terms of their MER (metal extraction ratio) were: FeCl3 > PASP > CA. Therefore, FeCl3 can be used to improve the Cd and Pb phytoextraction efficiency of ryegrass in heavily-polluted soils.


Assuntos
Cádmio/análise , Chumbo/análise , Lolium/fisiologia , Biodegradação Ambiental , Biomassa , Ácido Cítrico , Metais Pesados/análise , Raízes de Plantas , Solo/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise
7.
Bioengineered ; 10(1): 162-171, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088324

RESUMO

Tonsillitis is the inflammation of the tonsils due to infection, many patients ultimately have to undergo tonsillectomy. In order to improve the accuracy of diagnosis and even create a new treatment for tonsillitis, we constructed a prokaryotic expression single-chain antibody fragment library against Streptococcus pneumoniae with immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region (VH), κ light chain (Vκ), and λ light chain (Vλ) genes by using human tonsil tissue. Plasmid DNA sequencing showed that single-chain antibodies were complete and constructed correctly. The binding activity of recombinant clones was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), results showed that the binding activity and specificity of anti-S. pneumoniae single-chain fragment variable (scfv) is proved to be successful. The single-chain antibody may be an attractive strategy for tonsillitis etiologic diagnosis and therapy.


Assuntos
Tonsila Palatina/citologia , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/imunologia , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/metabolismo , Streptococcus pneumoniae/imunologia , Streptococcus pneumoniae/metabolismo , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Plasmídeos/genética
8.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 169: 30-40, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30831450

RESUMO

A liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method (LC-MS/MS) was developed to determine simultaneously the bioactive proteins including pertussis toxin (PT) subunits, filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA), pertactin (PRN) and fimbriae (FIM) in diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis combined vaccine (DTaP). The trypsin digestion conditions were investigated in detail using PT reference to achieve satisfactory results in detection of the peptides on LC-MS/MS with a Bio-C18 column. The performance of the described method was evaluated using reference proteins and the results showed a wide linear range (0.15-24 ng µL-1), a high sensitivity (0.038 ng. µL-1 for FHA) and a good precision (RSD of peak area <3.3%). This novel LC-MS/MS method was applied to determine PT subunits, FHA, PRN and FIM in DTaP vaccines, a total of ten batches, obtained from five manufacturers. The results revealed clearly that batch-to-batch consistency of the DTaP vaccines in terms of the protein amounts was stable, while those from manufacturers were varied significantly. On the other hand, the amount of bioactive proteins in component DTaP vaccines was generally higher than those in co-purified DTaP vaccines. The described LC-MS/MS method was compared with Chinese Pharmacopeia method (Lowry method) and it was found that FHA and PRN amounts measured by the two methods were in good agreement. The LC-MS/MS method could provide the amounts of PT subunits. However, the Lowry method could not differentiate the subunits. The LC-MS/MS method was not only more selective and sensitive, but it can be used to determine simultaneously different bioactive proteins in complex matrix-formulated vaccines. The method was extended successfully in other purposes, such as the effect of detoxification on bioactive proteins and characterization of PT references from four organizations worldwide.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche Acelular/química , Proteínas/química , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
9.
Se Pu ; 37(2): 155-161, 2019 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30693723

RESUMO

Tracheal cytotoxin (TCT) is a toxic glycopeptide, which contribute to the adverse effects of pertussis toxin (PT) and related vaccines. Although pharmacopeias limit the amount of TCT in PT product, there is no recommended TCT determination method in any pharmacopeia. In this study, a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed to determine TCT. Chromatographic conditions, including column-type and mobile-phase composition, were optimized. According to the literature reports, both reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC) and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) can provide a good retention for TCT. A large amount of organic solvent is usually used for protein precipitation, which may affect the RPLC mode, leading to peak distortion, while such effects were not observed in HILIC mode. Thus, HILIC mode was used to analyze TCT in this study. The developed method had a wide linear range (5.76-369 ng/L), good precision (no more than 3.9%), satisfied recoveries in various matrices (96.4%-102.5%). The limit of quantification (LOQ) of the developed method was 1279 times lower than the one required by Chinese Pharmacopeia, wherein the required amount of TCT should be less than 2 pmol per dose. The developed method was used to detect TCT in pertussis vaccine (acellular component), pertussis vaccine (acellular, co-purified), co-purified diphtheria tetanus pertussis vaccine, and component diphtheria tetanus acellular pertussis vaccine. As a result, TCT was not detected in any of the selected samples indicating the safety of these vaccines and PT products.


Assuntos
Citotoxinas/análise , Vacinas contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche Acelular/análise , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
10.
Mol Pharm ; 16(3): 987-994, 2019 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30624945

RESUMO

A combination of different chemotherapy approaches can obtain the best response for many cancers. However, the greatest challenge is the development of a nanoparticle formulation that can encapsulate different chemotherapeutic agents to achieve the proper synergetic chemotherapy for the tumor. Here, amphiphilic ferrocenium-tetradecyl (Fe-C14) was constructed to form cationic micelles in an aqueous solution via self-assembly. Then, it was coated by hyaluronic acid (HA) through electrostatic interactions to generate HA-Fe-C14 micelles. The HA-Fe-C14 micelles were used to deliver doxorubicin (DOX), and it showed that the DOX could be released rapidly under a high-GSH tumor environment. The HA-Fe-C14/DOX micelles were able to accumulate efficiently in tumor and showed significant anticancer effect both in vitro and in vivo. These results suggest that HA-Fe-C14/DOX micelles are a useful drug delivery system that enhances synergic antitumor treatment effects.


Assuntos
Doxorrubicina/química , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Compostos Ferrosos/química , Glutationa/química , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Metalocenos/química , Micelas , Neoplasias/terapia , Alcanos/química , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapia Combinada , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Compostos Ferrosos/síntese química , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias/patologia , Células PC-3 , Solubilidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
11.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1049: 105-114, 2019 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30612641

RESUMO

In this study, a novel two dimensional liquid chromatography - mass spectrometry (2D-LC-MS) method with use of a weak anion exchange column between the 1st DLC RP column and the 2nd DLC RP column (RP1-WAX-RP2) was developed and applied to identify drug impurities from MS incompatible mobile phases containing sodium 1-octanesulfonate and non-volatile buffer. The 1st DLC conditions follow exactly the original standard HPLC method recorded in Chinese Pharmacopeia (ChP), European Pharmacopeia (EP) or US Pharmacopeia (USP). An impurity fraction was collected with a built-in sample loop (100 µL) and transferred to the WAX column where 1-octanesulfonate and phosphate were trapped and removed. While, the impurity and other cations were eluted to the 2nd D column (RP2) for separation and identification by connected IT-TOF MS. Methods were programmed and applied to identify impurities in two generic drugs, sulpiride (hydrophilic drug with logP 0.57) and dobutamine (hydrophobic drug with logP 3.6). The results indicate that the methods based on RP1-WAX-RP2 column configuration offer a feasible solution for direct impurity identification in generic drug product or API without needs of off-line desalting from the MS incompatible mobile phases containing ion-pairing reagent and non-volatile buffer.


Assuntos
Cromatografia por Troca Iônica/métodos , Dobutamina/análise , Contaminação de Medicamentos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray/métodos , Sulpirida/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia de Fase Reversa/métodos
12.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 31(7): 642-650, 2018 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30103588

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical efficacy of complete and incomplete radical debridement for spinal tuberculosis by Meta-analysis. METHODS: The literatures of RCT or non-RCT with complete and incomplete radical debridement for spinal tuberculosis from Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CBM, CNKI and Wanfang were searched from the time of creating database to July, 2017. Two independent reviewers identified eligible studies, extracted data and evaluated risk of bias of included studies. Meta analysis were performed by Revman 5.3 and GRADE system were used to grade evidence. Recurrence rate, adverse effects, healing time, chemotherapy duration, spinal deformity by correction angle, bone fusion time in interface of intervertebral, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reaction protein were compared between two groups. RESULTS: Totally 9 literatures were chosen, including 5 RCT and 4 non-RCT with 1 302 patients. Compared with incomplete radical debridement, complete radical debridement had lower recurrence rate [OR=0.14, 95%CI(0.08, 0.22), P<0.000 01], lower rate of adverse effects[OR=0.18, 95%CI(0.12, 0.27), P<0.000 01], shorter healing time[MD=-4.80, 95%CI(-5.14, -4.45), P<0.000 01]and chemotherapy duration [MD=-5.25, 95%CI(-5.64, -4.86), P<0.000 01], larger spinal deformity by correction angle[MD=4.88, 95%CI(3.55, 6.27), P<0.000 01], smaller erythrocyte sedimentation rate[MD=-8.74, 95%CI(-11.99, -5.49), P<0.000 01] and C-reaction protein [MD=-4.75, 95%CI(-8.61, -0.88), P=0.02] . However, there was no difference on bone fusion time in interface of intervertebral between two groups[MD=-0.19, 95%CI(-0.50, 0.12), P=0.23]. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with incomplete radical debridement, complete radical debridement has advantages of lower incidence of recurrence, lower rate of adverse reaction, shorten healing time and chemotherapy time, recovered faster. Techniques are selected according to indication of patients individual, complete radical debridement is recommended at the same indications.


Assuntos
Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral , Transplante Ósseo , Desbridamento , Humanos , Vértebras Torácicas , Resultado do Tratamento , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia
13.
J Thorac Dis ; 10(6): 3232-3243, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30069319

RESUMO

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic lung disease with limited treatment options. Hydrogen (H2) has been shown to be anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory. This study aimed to evaluate the beneficial effects of H2 inhalation on COPD development in mice. Methods: A COPD mouse model was established in male C57BL mice by cigarette smoke (CS) exposure. The H2 intervention was administered by atomisation inhalation. Lung functions were assessed by using Buxco lung function measurement system. The inflammatory cells were counted and the levels of IL-6 and KC in BALF were assayed with ELISA. The lung tissue was subjected to H&E or PAS or Masson's trichrome stain. Furthermore, 16HBE cells were used to evaluate the effects of H2 on signaling change caused by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). H2O2 was used to treat 16HBE cells with or without H2 pretreatment. The IL-6 and IL-8 levels in cell culture medium were measured. The levels of phosphorylated ERK1/2 and nucleic NF-κB in lungs and 16HBE cells were determined. Results: H2 ameliorated CS-induced lung function decline, emphysema, inflammatory cell infiltration, small-airway remodelling, goblet-cell hyperplasia in tracheal epithelium and activated ERK1/2 and NF-κB in mouse lung. In 16HBE airway cells, H2O2 increased IL-6 and IL-8 secretion in conjunction with ERK1/2 and NF-κB activation. These changes were reduced by H2 treatment. Conclusions: These findings demonstrated that H2 inhalation could inhibit CS-induced COPD development in mice, which is associated with reduced ERK1/2 and NF-κB-dependent inflammatory responses.

14.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 263, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29765317

RESUMO

Aberrant activation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α is frequently encountered and promotes oxidative stress and inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The present study investigated whether sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS), a water-soluble derivative of tanshinone IIA, can mediate its effect through inhibiting HIF-1α-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in cigarette smoke (CS)-induced COPD in mice. Here, we found that STS improved pulmonary function, ameliorated emphysema and decreased the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the lungs of CS-exposed mice. STS reduced CS- and cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-induced upregulation of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1ß in the lungs and macrophages. STS also inhibited CSE-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, as well as the upregulation of heme oxygenase (HO)-1, NOX1 and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 in macrophages. In addition, STS suppressed HIF-1α expression in vivo and in vitro, and pretreatment with HIF-1α siRNA reduced CSE-induced elevation of TNF-α, IL-1ß, and HO-1 content in the macrophages. Moreover, we found that STS inhibited CSE-induced the phosphorylation of ERK, p38 MAPK and JNK in macrophages, and inhibition of these signaling molecules significantly repressed CSE-induced HIF-1α expression. It indicated that STS inhibits CSE-induced HIF-1α expression likely by blocking MAPK signaling. Furthermore, STS also promoted HIF-1α protein degradation in CSE-stimulated macrophages. Taken together, these results suggest that STS prevents COPD development possibly through the inhibition of HIF-1α signaling, and may be a novel strategy for the treatment of COPD.

15.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 155: 253-261, 2018 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29656196

RESUMO

The conventional UV/Vis spectroscopy methods recommended by the European Pharmacopoeia (EP) for determining hexosamine, hexonic acid and methylpentose in pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV) hydrolates are time-consuming due to derivatization process (typically, an analysis cycle is more than 4 h) and improvements of selectivity and precision of the methods are in demand. In this study, a new approach based on hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography and triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (HILIC-MS/MS) was optimized to overcome the drawbacks of the EP methods for simultaneous determination of methylpentose, hexose, hexosamine and hexonic acid in PPSV hydrolysates. The chromatographic, MS and sample hydrolysis conditions were systematically investigated. A zwitterionic column, Click Cys, using a gradient elution with a mobile phase of 10 mM ammonium formate (pH 4.3) in acetonitrile from 72% to 21% in 6 min was applied for separating the targets, which exhibited low column bleeding, easy equilibration and long-term stability. The HILIC-MS/MS method showed a high sensitivity (LOD = 0.98 µg L-1 for hexonic acid), a good repeatability (RSD of peak area less than 1.669%), accuracy (92.9%-104.2%), recovery (97.6%-99.3%) and a wide linear range. The RSD of retention time obtained from more than 3000 injections in three months was less than 1.64%. The new method was compared with the EP method for determining hexosamine in 23 serotypes of PPSV hydrolysates. The results indicated that the new HILIC-MS/MS method was highly selective, accurate, stable and extremely fast due to without need of derivatization, as compared to the conventional EP methods.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Hexosaminas/química , Hexoses/química , Vacinas Pneumocócicas/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Acetonitrilos/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas
16.
Cancer Med ; 7(4): 981-990, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29516684

RESUMO

The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficiency of whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) plus temozolomide (TMZ) with WBRT for the treatment of brain metastases from non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). For dichotomous variables, outcomes were reported as relative risk ratio (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to investigate the following outcome measures: overall response rate, headache, gastrointestinal adverse reactions, and hematological adverse reactions. Twelve randomized controlled trials involving 925 participants (480 received WBRT plus TMZ; 445 received WBRT) were included in the meta-analysis. There was a significant difference between the overall response rate (RR = 1.40, 95% CI 1.24-1.57; Z = 5.51; P < 0.00001), gastrointestinal adverse reactions (RR = 1.46, 95% CI 1.05-2.04; Z = 2.27; P = 0.02), and hematological adverse reactions (RR = 1.45, 95% CI 1.04-2.02; Z = 2.21; P = 0.03) of patients treated with WBRT plus TMZ compared with patients treated with WBRT alone. There was no significant difference between headaches (RR = 1.11, 95% CI 0.93-1.02; Z = 1.13; P = 0.26) in patients treated with WBRT plus TMZ compared with patients treated with WBRT alone. In conclusion, the currently available evidence shows that WBRT plus TMZ increases the overall response rate in patients with brain metastases of NSCLC compared with WBRT alone.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Irradiação Craniana , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Temozolomida/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Terapia Combinada , Irradiação Craniana/efeitos adversos , Irradiação Craniana/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Viés de Publicação , Temozolomida/administração & dosagem , Temozolomida/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Anal Chem ; 90(5): 3174-3182, 2018 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29385801

RESUMO

Sialylated oligosaccharides are important components in mammalian milk. They play a key role in the health and growth of infants by helping to shape up infant's gastrointestinal microbiota and defense against infection by various pathogenic agents. A detailed knowledge of the structures, compositions, and quantities of the sialylated milk oligosaccharides (SMOs) is a prerequisite for understanding their biological roles. However, because of the presence of very large amounts of lactose and neutral oligosaccharides, accurate analysis of SMOs is difficult. A pretreatment step is required to remove lactose and neutral oligosaccharides but conventional off-line pretreatment methods are time-consuming and of poor reproducibility. In this presentation, we linked solid-phase extraction (SPE) with hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) followed by mass spectrometry (MS) identification for the analysis of SMOs. A SPE column with electrostatic repulsion function was used for removal of lactose and neutral oligosaccharides, a HILIC analytical column for separation of the SMOs, and negative-ion electrospray ionization tandem MS was used for their identification and sequencing. The success of the established online SPE-HILIC-MS method was demonstrated by profiling of SMOs in human to investigate detailed SMO changes during lactation period and in animals to compare the difference in SMO contents among the different species.


Assuntos
Leite Humano/química , Leite/química , Oligossacarídeos/análise , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray/métodos , Animais , Artiodáctilos , Feminino , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 68(3): 758-763, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29458460

RESUMO

A Gram-staining-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated as P308H10T, was isolated from surface sediment of the Southern Indian Ocean. Growth occurred at 4-36 °C (optimum 20-25 °C), pH 6.0-8.5 (optimum 7.5-8.0) and in the presence of 1-8 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 2-3 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain P308H10T lies within the clade of members of the genus Arenibacter and is closely related to Arenibacterhampyeongensis HP12T (98.0 %), Arenibacterechinorum KMM 6032T (98.4 %), Arenibacterpalladensis LMG 21972T (97.9 %), Arenibactertroitsensis KMM 3674T (97.9 %) and 'Arenibacter algicola' TG409 (98.1 %). The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain P308H10T and the five reference strains were 85.9-80.6 % and 30.2-23.6 %, respectively. The major fatty acids (>10 %) of strain P308H10T were summed feature 3, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, iso-C15 : 1 G and iso-C15 : 0. The major polar lipids comprised phosphatidylethanolamine, five unidentified aminolipids and four unidentified lipids. The only respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6. The genomic DNA G+C content was 38.2 mol%. On the basis of the phenotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic data presented, strain P308H10T represents a novel species of the genus Arenibacter, for which the name Arenibacter catalasegens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is P308H10T (=GDMCC 1.1230T=KCTC 52983T). An emended description of the genus Arenibacter is also proposed.


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Oceano Índico , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
19.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 376, 2018 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29321495

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic lung disease characterized by abnormal inflammation, persistent and progressive lung function decline. The anti-inflammatory actions of tanshinone IIA, which is the most important active component from Chinese herbal medicine Danshen, have been well studied. However, it remains unknown whether sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) protects against the development of COPD. Here we found that STS inhalation (5 mg/kg, 30 min per session, twice a day) significantly attenuated lung function decline, airspace enlargement, mucus production, bronchial collagen deposition, inflammatory responses and oxidative stress caused by cigarette smoke (CS) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposures in mice. Moreover, treatment with STS (10 µg/ml) reduced CS extract (CSE)-induced IL-6 and IL-8 secretion in human bronchial epithelial (16HBE) cells. The anti-inflammatory actions of STS were associated with inhibition of ERK1/2 and NF-κB activations. Interestingly, STS inhibited CS-induced reduction of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) in mouse lungs and in 16HBE cells. Treatment with a specific CFTR inhibitor CFTR-Inh172 augmented CSE-induced ERK1/2 and NF-κB-dependent inflammatory responses, but abolished the inhibitory action of STS on IL-6 and IL-8 secretion in 16HBE cells. These results demonstrate that CS-induced COPD and down-regulation of CFTR are prevented by STS.


Assuntos
Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenantrenos/administração & dosagem , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/prevenção & controle , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/efeitos adversos , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Fenantrenos/farmacologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/induzido quimicamente , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/metabolismo , Testes de Função Respiratória
20.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 54: 210-220, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29156356

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic, progressive and lethal lung disease with few treatments. Limax, a mollusk with lung, has been widely used to control phlegm and cough in China, yet whether Limax has a positive effect on COPD is unknown. This study investigated the effects of water-soluble extract from Limax on COPD development and the underlying mechanisms. The results showed that Limax extract improved lung function, relieved emphysema and suppressed the inflammation in the lungs of CS-challenged mice, as evidenced by diminished release of IL-6, KC, TNF-α, IFN-γ, Muc5AC, IL-17 and diminished mRNA expression of Muc5B. Moreover, Limax extract also inhibited phosphorylation of P38 and ERK and increased the expression of PPARγ. More interestingly, Limax extract (0.1µg/ml) inhibited CSE-induced release of IL-6 in vitro, which was substantially abrogated by heat treatment, and filtrate obtained from the deproteinized Limax extract with the 100KD ultrafiltration membrane, inhibited the secretion of IL-6. Taken together, these results suggest that, Limax extract prevents COPD development via inhibition of inflammation and mucus production, thus has a potential preventive and therapeutic application in COPD.


Assuntos
Misturas Complexas/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Fumar Cigarros/efeitos adversos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Gastrópodes/imunologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mucina-5AC/metabolismo , Mucina-5B/metabolismo , Muco/metabolismo
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