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1.
Theriogenology ; 86(5): 1165-74, 2016 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27160447

RESUMO

Cryopreservation of ovarian cortex is potentially an important tool for the conservation of endangered species. It will allow preserving the large pool of primordial and primary follicles to retrieve fertilizable oocytes in the future. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of slow freezing on the morphology and viability of canine follicles after thawing using DMSO or 1,3-propanediol (PROH) as cryoprotectants. Slices of canine ovarian tissue were equilibrated for 20 minutes at 20 °C in minimum essential medium containing either cryoprotectants at 1.5 M, and then frozen by a standardized protocol. Morphology of follicles after thawing was analyzed by means of histology and transmission electron microscopy, and viability was assessed using Trypan blue and fluorescent probes. The exposure of dog ovarian tissue to both cryoprotectants before freezing had no effect on follicular morphology and viability. Also after freezing, follicles remained histologically normal, but transmission electron microscopy revealed damage of ultrastructure in follicles, which were exposed to PROH. Postthaw viability was significantly reduced with 65.7% of the follicles remaining alive in DMSO and 48.7% in PROH. In conclusion, this study demonstrated the survival of canine oocytes within ovarian cortex cryopreserved by slow freezing using 1.5-M DMSO.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/veterinária , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Dimetil Sulfóxido/farmacologia , Cães/fisiologia , Ovário/fisiologia , Propilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular , Feminino , Coloração e Rotulagem
2.
Homeopathy ; 102(1): 41-8, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23290878

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of dynamized follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) on the survival, activation and growth of ovine preantral follicles (PFs) in vitro. METHODS: Ovarian fragments were cultured for 1 or 7 days in alpha minimum essential medium (α-MEM(+)) control in the absence or presence of alcohol (Al control) or FSH (6cH, 12cH and 30cH) added at intervals of 24 or 48 h. The ovarian fragments were processed, coded and analyzed by a blinded observer by classical histology (CH), fluorescence microscopy (FM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). RESULTS: After 7 days of culture, the group which to which FSH 6cH was added at 24 h intervals showed better rates of follicle survival and activation compared to α-MEM(+) control or Al control (p < 0.05). This group also showed higher follicle and oocyte growth than α-MEM(+) control (p < 0.05). FM and TEM techniques confirmed that FSH 6cH promoted viability and ultrastructural integrity of follicles after 7 days of culture. CONCLUSIONS: FSH 6cH (24 h) treatment maintained the viability, and promoted the activation and in vitro growth of ovine PFs.


Assuntos
Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Feminino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oócitos/fisiologia , Folículo Ovariano/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Ovinos
3.
Theriogenology ; 77(2): 260-7, 2012 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21924476

RESUMO

The objective was to develop an efficient protocol for cryopreservation of agouti (Dasyprocta aguti) ovarian tissue. Agouti ovarian fragments were placed, for 10 min, in a solution containing MEM and fetal bovine serum plus 1.5 M dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), ethylene glycol (EG) or propanediol (PROH); some of those fragments were subsequently cryopreserved in a programmable freezer. After exposure and/or thawing, all samples were fixed in Carnoy prior to histological analysis. To evaluate ultrastructure, follicles from the control and all cryopreserved treatments were fixed in Karnovsky and processed for transmission electron microscopy. After exposure and freezing, there was a significant decrease in the percentage of morphologically normal preantral follicles in all treatments when compared to the control (92.67 ± 2.79, mean ± SD). However, there were no significant difference when the exposure and freezing procedures were compared using the same cryoprotectant. Moreover, there was no significant difference among cryoprotectants at the time of exposure (DMSO: 64.7 ± 3.8; EG: 70.7 ± 11.2, PROH: 63.3 ± 8.5) or after freezing (DMSO: 60.6 ± 3.6, EG: 64.0 ± 11.9; PROH: 62.0 ± 6.9). However, only follicles frozen with PROH had normal ultrastructure. In conclusion, preantral follicles enclosed in agouti ovarian tissue were successfully cryopreserved using 1.5 M PROH, with satisfactory maintenance of follicle morphology and ultrastructure.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/veterinária , Folículo Ovariano/ultraestrutura , Roedores/anatomia & histologia , Preservação de Tecido/veterinária , Animais , Criopreservação/métodos , Dimetil Sulfóxido , Espécies em Perigo de Extinção , Etilenoglicol , Feminino , Audição , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão/veterinária , Modelos Animais , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Propilenoglicóis , Preservação de Tecido/métodos
4.
Zygote ; 19(3): 215-27, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20979684

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the number of follicles per drop (one or three) and antral follicles on in vitro development of isolated goat preantral follicles. Preantral follicles were isolated through microdissection and distributed individually (control) or in groups of three follicles (treatment) in microdroplets of α-MEM with or without 1000 ng/ml follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) for Experiments 1 and 2, respectively. Experiment 3 was divided into four treatments according to the presence of one or three preantral follicles, associated or not with antral follicles. After culture, oocytes were retrieved from morphologically normal follicles and submitted to in vitro maturation (IVM) and live/dead fluorescent labelling. Results of Experiment 1 (basic medium without FSH) showed that culture of preantral follicles in groups enhances viability, growth and antrum formation after 12 days. However, in the presence of FSH (Experiment 2), only the recovery rate of fully grown oocytes for IVM was significantly affected by grouping of follicles. In Experiment 3, in general, co-culture of preantral follicles with an early antral follicle had a detrimental effect on viability, antrum formation and production of oocytes for IVM. In conclusion, the performance of in vitro culture of goat preantral follicles is affected by the number of follicles per drop, the presence of an antral follicle and FSH.


Assuntos
Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/citologia , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Meios de Cultura , Feminino , Cabras , Hormônios/farmacologia , Técnicas In Vitro , Oócitos/citologia , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Theriogenology ; 74(5): 749-55, 2010 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20537700

RESUMO

The objective was to evaluate the effects of various concentrations of exogenous FSH during in vitro culture of isolated canine preantral follicles. Preantral secondary follicles (>200 microm) were isolated by microdissection and cultured for 18 d in supplemented alpha-Minimum Essential Medium (alpha-MEM). There were three treatment groups: 1) absence of FSH (control medium); 2) FSH100 (fixed concentration of 100 ng/mL throughout the entire culture period); and 3) sequential FSH (FSHSeq - 100, 500, and 1,000 ng/mL were added sequentially). Following culture, all follicles from all treatments were still viable (marked green by calcein-AM). The initial (D0) average follicle diameter for the control, FSH100, and FSHSeq was (mean +/- SEM) 298.96 +/- 7.02, 286.00 +/- 5.87, and 275.39 +/- 174 6.55 microm, respectively (P > 0.05). Mean diameter of follicles treated with FSHSeq on Day 18 (D18-439.80 +/- 14.08 microm) was greater than those of the other treatments (P < 0.05). Daily follicular growth rate (microm/d) of follicles in the FSHSeq treatment (6.47 +/- 0.55) was significantly faster than for both the control (3.67 +/- 0.32) and FSH100 (4.47 +/- 0.38) treatments. Furthermore, FSH100 and FSHSeq treatments had a significantly higher rate of antrum formation than the control group on D12 of culture, whereas after D12, FSH100 had a significantly higher rate of extrusion compared to the control (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the sequential addition of FSH to the culture medium maintained the survival of isolated canine preantral follicles and promoted an increased rate of follicular growth and antrum formation.


Assuntos
Cães , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos/veterinária , Animais , Meios de Cultura , Feminino , Folículo Ovariano/anatomia & histologia , Folículo Ovariano/crescimento & desenvolvimento
6.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 115(1-4): 201-14, 2009 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19185435

RESUMO

The use of the large pool of preantral follicles is a promising alternative to provide high numbers of fertilizable oocytes to reproductive biotechnology. This issue is particularly important to canids, since current rates of success of in vitro techniques using oocytes are very limited, and many species within this family are threatened by extinction. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of temperature, medium and time on morphology and viability of canine preantral follicles during short-term preservation. Canine ovaries were cut into fragments which were incubated in 0.9% NaCl solution or in minimum essential medium (MEM) at 4, 20 or 38 degrees C for 2, 6, 12 or 24 h. Afterwards, preantral follicles were analyzed by histology, transmission electron microscopy and viability testing using trypan blue, calcein-AM and ethidium homodimer-1. Percentages of morphological normal and viable follicles were maintained similar to control (time 0 h) after incubation in 0.9% NaCl at 4 or 20 degrees C for up to 6h and at 38 degrees C for 2 h. Using MEM, such preservation was possible for 12h at 4 or 20 degrees C, and for 6h at 38 degrees C. These results indicate that preservation of canine preantral follicles might be better accomplished through hypothermic (4 or 20 degrees C) storage in MEM, which ensures maintenance of morphology and viability for up to 12h.


Assuntos
Oócitos/fisiologia , Folículo Ovariano/citologia , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular , Cães , Retículo Endoplasmático/ultraestrutura , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Fertilização In Vitro/veterinária , Células da Granulosa/ultraestrutura , Mitocôndrias/ultraestrutura , Membrana Nuclear/ultraestrutura , Preservação de Órgãos/métodos , Preservação de Órgãos/veterinária , Folículo Ovariano/ultraestrutura , Ovariectomia/veterinária
7.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 108(3-4): 309-18, 2008 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17945440

RESUMO

Bovine preantral follicles within ovarian fragments were exposed and cryopreserved in absence or presence of 1.5M glycerol (GLY), ethylene glycol (EG), propanediol (PROH) or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), undergoing a previous cooling at 20 degrees C for 1h (protocol 1) or at 4 degrees C for 24h (protocol 2) in 0.9% saline solution. At the end of each treatment, preantral follicles were classified as non-viable/viable when they were stained/not stained with trypan blue, respectively. To confirm viability staining, ultra-structure of the follicles was evaluated by transmission electronic microscopy (TEM). Data were compared by Chi-square test (P<0.05). The storage of the ovaries at 20 degrees C for 1h (78%) and 4 degrees C for 24h (80%) did not reduce significantly the percentage of viable preantral follicles when compared to the control (75%). Similar results were obtained when ovarian fragments, respectively, for protocols 1 and 2, were exposed to MEM (78 and 77%), 1.5M EG (78 and 71%), as well as frozen in 1.5M EG (74 and 77%). Percentages of viable follicles in control were similar to those observed after exposure (75%) and freezing (76%) in presence of 1.5M DMSO only when protocol 1 was used. The increase of the concentration from 1.5 to 3.0M, for all cryoprotectants, reduced significantly the percentage of viable preantral follicles after freezing. Ultra-structural analysis has confirmed trypan blue results, showing that not only basement membrane, but also organelles, were intact in viable preantral follicles. In conclusion, ovarian tissue cooling at 4 degrees C for 24h before cryopreservation (protocol 2) does not affect the viability of bovine preantral follicles when 1.5M EG is present in the cryopreservation medium.


Assuntos
Bovinos/fisiologia , Criopreservação/veterinária , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Folículo Ovariano/fisiologia , Animais , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Criopreservação/métodos , Dimetil Sulfóxido/farmacologia , Etilenoglicol/farmacologia , Feminino , Glicerol/farmacologia , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão/veterinária , Folículo Ovariano/ultraestrutura , Propilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Azul Tripano/química
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