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1.
Dent J (Basel) ; 10(9)2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36135160

RESUMO

Lymphoepithelial carcinoma (LEC) of the oral mucosa is a rare histopathologic subtype of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), which shares morphologic similarities with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), non-keratinizing undifferentiated subtype. The admixture of neoplastic epithelial tumor cells and a dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate makes microscopic diagnosis challenging. LEC etiopathogenesis has been variably associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, depending on the specific anatomic location and racial predilection, with a higher incidence in endemic populations. Although described in several subsites of the head and neck region, including the major salivary glands, the oral mucosa is considered an infrequent location for LEC development, deriving either from minor salivary glands (MSGs) or the surface epithelium. Herein, we report a rare case of an EBV-negative LEC arising from the oral surface epithelium, presenting as gingival swelling, and review the pertinent English-language literature, which revealed only 26 previously reported oral LECs. Our case is only the fourth oral LEC originating from the surface epithelium and the first one to affect the gingiva.

2.
Head Neck ; 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114663

RESUMO

This study aimed to map systemic alterations predisposing to oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) onset. This review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. Five databases were used to access (1) reports of OSCC co-occurring in patients with systemic conditions, (2) prevalence of OSCC among these patients, and (3) clinicopathological profiles. Data from more than 1 million patients worldwide showed that Fanconi's anemia, xeroderma pigmentosum, dyskeratosis congenital, chronic fatigue syndrome, and patients post bone marrow transplantation (BMT) present increased risk for OSCC development. The overall prevalence of OSCC in syndromic patients and post-BMT were 0.65% (95% CI = 0.13-3.11, p < 0.01) and 5.83% (95% CI = 0.00-30.90, p < 0.01), respectively. The certainty of the evidence was moderate. This study demonstrated that some systemic conditions predispose to OSCC. These results present an impact on the screening of OSCC in systemically compromised patients.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35840496

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to identify the molecular alterations of head and neck rhabdomyosarcomas (HNRMS) and their prognostic values. STUDY DESIGN: An electronic search was performed using PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science with a designed search strategy. Inclusion criteria comprised cases of primary HNRMS with an established histopathological diagnosis and molecular analysis. Forty-nine studies were included and were appraised for methodological quality using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal tools. Five studies were selected for meta-analysis. RESULTS: HNRMS predominantly affects pediatric patients (44.4%), and the parameningeal region (57.7%) is the most common location. The alveolar variant (43.2%) predominates over the embryonal and spindle cell/sclerosing types, followed by the epithelioid and pleomorphic variants. PAX-FOXO1 fusion was observed in 103 cases of alveolar RMS (79.8%). MYOD1 mutation was found in 39 cases of sclerosing/spindle cell RMS (53.4%). FUS/EWSR1-TFCP2 gene fusions were identified in 21 cases of RMS with epithelioid and spindle cell morphologies (95.5%). The 5-year overall survival rate of patients was 61.3%, and MYOD1 mutation correlated with significantly higher mortality. CONCLUSION: The genotypic profile of histologic variants of HNRMS is widely variable, and MYOD1 mutation could be a potential prognostic factor, but more studies are required to establish this.


Assuntos
Rabdomiossarcoma , Criança , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Humanos , Mutação , Rabdomiossarcoma/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
4.
Oral Dis ; 2022 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35785411

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze the demographic, clinical, histopathological, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up data on the occurrence of oral and maxillofacial tuberculosis (OMTB). METHODS: Electronic searches without publication date restrictions were undertaken in four databases. Case reports and case series describing the occurrence of OMTB were included. Critical evaluation of studies was done using the Joanna Briggs Institute - University of Adelaide tool for case reports or case series. RESULTS: A total of 217 studies were included in the qualitative synthesis, for a total of 301 cases of OMTB. Of these patients, 192 (63.7%) were male, with an average age of 39.6 ± 19.8 (15 months to 81 years). The tongue (n = 80/26.6%) represented the most common affected site, followed by the mandible (n = 43/14.3%). The clinical presentation consisted mainly of a painful ulcerated lesion (n = 156/56.5%). Histopathological analysis showed a granulomatous inflammation in most cases (n = 156/63.1%). The main diagnostic methods used were sputum test (n = 53/26.8%), culture (n = 49/24.7%) and purified protein derivative (PPD), or Mantoux test (n = 49/24.7%). Antituberculosis therapy was used in 244 cases (100.0%) and 5.2% of patients died. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review provided clinical, demographic data and information about diagnostic methods of OMTB lesions and served as an important guide to assist health professionals in the early diagnosis of these lesions.

5.
Support Care Cancer ; 2022 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35713725

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Teeth with poor prognosis are generally recommended to be extracted prior to head and neck radiotherapy (RT) to reduce the risk of developing osteoradionecrosis (ORN), although controversies have been reported. The present systematic review aimed to determine whether tooth extraction prior to head and neck RT may be associated with a reduced risk of developing ORN compared to dental extraction during or after RT. METHODS: The review protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42021241631). The review was reported according to the PRISMA checklist and involved a comprehensive search of PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Cochrane Library, LILACS, and Web of Science, in addition to the gray literature. The selection of studies was performed in two phases by two reviewers independently. The risk of bias of individual studies was analyzed using the Joanna Briggs Institute checklist for cross-sectional studies, and the certainty of evidence was assessed using the GRADE tool. RESULTS: Twenty-eight observational studies were included in the qualitative synthesis, which showed substantial heterogeneity regarding the association between the timing of tooth extraction and ORN development. Twenty-seven of 28 studies were pooled in a meta-analysis that demonstrated a significant association between an increased risk of ORN and post-RT tooth extraction (odds ratio: 1.98; 95% CI: 1.17-3.35; p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: It was confirmed with moderate certainty that dental extractions should be performed prior to the start of head and neck RT to reduce the risk of ORN.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35725962

RESUMO

High-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is recognized as a primary etiologic factor of anogenital cancers and more recently of a subgroup of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OPSCC). The incidence of HPV-related OPSCC has increased dramatically in several developed countries in the past 3 decades and is currently the most common cancer caused by HR-HPV in the United States and Germany, surpassing cervical cancer. Consequently, the patient's demographic and clinicopathologic profile has shifted to nonsmoking and nondrinking younger men with higher schooling level and with a history of multiple oral sex partners. Patients with HPV-related OPSCC often show better treatment outcomes and higher survival rates than their HPV-unrelated counterparts, which has led to a change in tumor staging for HPV-related cases. HPV vaccination is emerging as an effective primary prevention strategy, and systematic screening of HPV DNA in blood and salivary oral rinse samples of HR patients is being examined to determine if it may provide a surveillance method and support early diagnosis of HPV-related OPSCC. In this context, a narrative review was conducted to provide an overview of the state-of-the-art of HPV-related OPSCC, including epidemiology, risk factors, clinicopathologic and molecular features, screening, prevention, management, and prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/patologia , Papillomaviridae , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Prognóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
7.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 27(3): e274–e284, may. 2022. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-204656

RESUMO

Background: Lip, oral cavity, and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) represent a major health problem in the global scenario. In South America, the highest incidence rates are seen in Brazil. Therefore, the epidemiological and clinical profile and survival outcomes of lip, oral cavity, and oropharyngeal SCC was studied in São Paulo State, Brazil. Material and Methods: The clinicopathological data of 12,099 patients with lip, oral cavity, and oropharyngeal SCC were obtained from hospital cancer registries of the Fundação Oncocentro de São Paulo, Brazil (2010–2015). Survival rates and other analyses were performed using SPSS software. Results: A clear male predominance was observed, particularly for patients with oropharyngeal SCC (88.3%). The average age of patients was higher for lip cases (65 ± 13.5 years) compared to other sites. The schooling level was low for most patients, especially in lip cases (87.9%). Most of the patients with oral cavity (71.8%) and oropharyngeal (86.3%) SCC had advanced-stage (III–IV) disease. However, the majority of lip cases (83.3%) were at an early stage (I–II). Surgical excision was the main treatment for lip (72%) and oral cavity SCC (23.5%), and chemoradiotherapy was the main treatment for oropharyngeal SCC (40.2%). The 5-year overall survival (OS) for patients with lip, oral cavity, and oropharyngeal SCC were 66.3, 30.9, and 22.6%, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that the determinants of OS were different for lip, oral cavity, and oropharyngeal SCC, except for those at the clinical stage, which was an independent predictor for all sites. Conclusions: OS-independent determinants varied according to the affected site. Oral cavity and oropharyngeal SCC presented worse survival rates than those for lip SCC.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Lábio/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Bucais/terapia , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/terapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35422409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this multicentric study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of a telediagnosis service for oral mucosal disorders. STUDY DESIGN: This study included 100 patients seen at the oral medicine outpatient clinic of 3 Brazilian Dental Schools (University of Campinas, Federal University of Pernambuco, and Federal University of Santa Catrina) from March 2019 to October 2019. In addition to the face-to-face assistance provided by graduate students and the final diagnosis validated by the professors of these institutions, a remote evaluation was requested for these patients through the EstomatoNet/TelessaúdeRS platform. RESULTS: The sensitivity and specificity of telediagnosis were compared with those of the face-to-face approach and found to be 100% and 97.4%, respectively. The concordance between the examiners was 95%, and case management was relatively simple in approximately 60% of cases. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results, telediagnosis for oral diseases can be considered a reliable method, representing a promising alternative for the clinical support of health professionals, particularly in remote locations.


Assuntos
Doenças da Boca , Brasil , Humanos , Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico , Mucosa Bucal
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35331676

RESUMO

This review outlines the historical perspective, status, and future challenges of oral medicine (stomatology) in Brazil based on the records of the Brazilian Society of Stomatology and Oral Pathology (SOBEP) and the Brazilian Federal Dental Council as well as expert evidence input from academic leaders from 3 different generations of Brazilian oral medicine specialists. The beginning of oral medicine in Brazil dates to 1969, followed by the organization of SOBEP in 1974; however, official recognition as an independent specialty was achieved more recently within the Brazilian Federal Dental Council in 1992. After a 50-year maturation period of oral medicine in Brazil in terms of specialty crystallization across dentistry, medicine, and research, it is now time to follow the historical trends of the specialty internationally and establish a standard curriculum at a post-graduate level that will lead to uniformity of training for oral medicine in Brazil.


Assuntos
Medicina Bucal , Brasil , Currículo , Odontólogos , Previsões , Humanos
11.
Oral Oncol ; 126: 105754, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35123257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adenocarcinoma not otherwise specified (AdCaNOS) is a rare malignant salivary gland tumor that occurs with higher frequency in the parotid gland of male patients. In this study, we described a second case of AdCaNOS arising in the sublingual gland, in a female patient with 39 years of age, highlighting the clinical, radiographic, microscopic, treatment features and follow-up. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old female patient presented a fibroelastic nodule with a yellowish coloration, in the left region of the floor of mouth, measuring about 4.0 cm in its largest diameter. An incisional biopsy was performed and the main microscopic features revealed an infiltrative lesion with glandular differentiation organized in cystic spaces, where neoplastic cells secreting eosinophilic material were observed. The tumor showed immunopositivity for pancytokeratin (AE1/AE3), keratins 7 (CK7) and 14 (CK14), and negativity for p63. The proliferation level measured by Ki-67 marker was considered higher. The patient underwent radical surgical resection, but unfortunately, she developed local recurrence, lymph node mestastasis and died 1.5 year after diagnosis. CONCLUSION: Although rare in the sublingual gland, particularly at this age, AdCaNOS can occur and early diagnosis and early treatment are essential for a better prognosis and survival rates of the patients.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Glândula Sublingual/patologia , Glândula Sublingual/cirurgia
13.
Oral Dis ; 2022 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35199416

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate prognostic outcomes of PVL-derived oral squamous cell carcinomas (P-OSCC) based on recurrence, new primary tumour, metastasis and survival information. STUDY DESIGN: Five databases and grey literature were searched electronically with the following main keywords (proliferative verrucous leukoplakia, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant transformation) to answer the following review question: 'Are survival outcomes for P-OSCC worse?' based on the PECOS principle. The Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal tool was used to identify possible biases and assess the quality of each of the primary studies. RESULTS: A total of 21 articles met the inclusion criteria, and the results of this systematic review suggest that P-OSCC can recur and generate new primary tumours; however, metastases are rare. Thus, most patients remain alive for an average period of 5 years. CONCLUSION: Apparently, P-OSCC has better clinical prognostic characteristics than conventional OSCC. There is a lack of information on the main prognostic outcomes of P-OSCC; therefore, specific studies must be performed to achieve a better comparison between P-OSCC and conventional OSCC progression.

14.
Oral Oncol ; 125: 105710, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35032781

RESUMO

Radiotherapy is generally used as an adjuvant treatment in malignant head and neck tumors, which can cause a series of toxicities to tissues involved in the radiation field. Hard tissue necrosis surrounding the tumor is widely debated and recognized; however, oral mucosa necrosis as a late effect of head and neck radiotherapy is a toxicity that has been little explored and understood in the literature. The present report describes a 53-year-old Caucasian, diabetic man with a painful yellowish mass in the buccal mucosa, remaining oral mucositis with history of radiotherapy completed 90 days ago as adjuvant treatment for a polymorphic adenocarcinoma in the palate. Photobiomodulation was used as therapy for tissue necrosis with good therapeutic response despite discontinuation of treatment by the patient. Since there are few descriptions and illustrations of radiotherapy-related soft tissue necrosis, the current case may bring some new experience with this important topic, which directly impacts on the patient's quality of life.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Radioterapia (Especialidade) , Estomatite , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Bucal/efeitos da radiação , Necrose/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Estomatite/etiologia
15.
Braz Oral Res ; 36: e012, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35081229

RESUMO

This study tested the hypothesis that head and neck radiotherapy (HNRT) impacts the immunoexpression of type I collagen, bone sialoprotein (BSP) and bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4), thereby leading to micromorphological changes in the dentin-pulp complex (DPC), and promoting the onset and progression of radiation caries (RC). Twenty-two demineralized sections of carious teeth (a group of 11 irradiated teeth and a control group of 11 non-irradiated teeth) extracted from 19 head and neck cancer patients were analyzed by conventional optical microscopy and immunohistochemistry to investigate the micromorphology (cellular layer hierarchy, blood vessels, odontoblasts, fibroblasts, extracellular matrix, calcification, necrosis, reactionary dentin formation, and chronic inflammation), and the patterns of staining/immunolocalization of type I collagen, BSP and BMP4 in the dental pulp of irradiated and control samples. No significant differences attributable to the direct impact of radiotherapy were detected in DPC micromorphology between the groups. In addition, the patterns of immunohistochemical staining and immunolocalization of the proteins studied did not differ between the irradiated and the control samples for type I collagen, BSP or BMP4. This study rejected the hypothesis that HNRT directly damages dentition by changing the organic components and the microstructure of the DPC, ultimately leading to RC.


Assuntos
Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 4 , Colágeno Tipo I , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Sialoproteína de Ligação à Integrina , Polpa Dentária , Dentina , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Humanos , Odontoblastos
16.
Braz Oral Res ; 36: e008, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35081226

RESUMO

Good communication between clinicians and pathologists is a vital element in the diagnostic process, and poor communication can adversely affect patient care. There is a lack of research about communication in diagnostic oral and maxillofacial pathology. This narrative review explores different aspects of the quality of communication between clinicians and oral pathologists, with a focus on the diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial diseases. An electronic search was carried out in MEDLINE through the PubMed, Scopus, and Embase databases up to April 2021. No studies reporting communication, its adequacy or the required skills between clinicians and pathologists in oral diagnosis were found. According to studies published in medicine, strategies for improving communication skills include clinician-pathologist collaboration; a well-formatted, clear and thorough report; training in communication skills; and patient-centered care. Further studies evaluating the current practices and quality in oral and maxillofacial pathology are required to identify barriers and encourage optimal communication to facilitate diagnosis, as well as patient safety.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Patologistas , Odontólogos , Humanos , Assistência Centrada no Paciente
17.
Oral Dis ; 28(6): 1561-1572, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the clinicopathologic features of acquired oral syphilis cases in South American countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data were retrospectively collected from the records of 18 oral diagnostic services in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela, Uruguay, and Peru. Serologies of nontreponemal and treponemal tests were used for diagnosis. RESULTS: The series comprised 339 cases of acquired oral syphilis. Secondary syphilis ranked as the most common stage (86.7%). Lesions were more frequent among males (58.0%) and young adults with a mean age of 33.3 years. Individuals aged 20-29 years were most affected (35.3%). The most commonly involved sites were the tongue (31.6%), lip/labial commissure (25.1%), and hard/soft palate (20.4%). Clinically, acquired oral syphilis usually presented as mucous patches (28.4%), papules (25.7%), and ulcers (18.1%). Skin manifestations occurred in 67.7% of individuals, while lymphadenopathy and fever were observed in 61.3% and 11.6% of all subjects, respectively. Most patients were treated with the benzathine penicillin G antibiotic. CONCLUSION: This report validates the spread of acquired oral syphilis infection among young adults in South America. Our directives include accessible diagnostic tools for proper disease screening, surveillance, and counselling of affected individuals, especially in low- and middle-income countries.


Assuntos
Doenças da Boca , Sífilis , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico , Doenças da Boca/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia , Palato Duro , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Sífilis/tratamento farmacológico , Sífilis/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Head Neck Pathol ; 16(1): 268-277, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185247

RESUMO

The oral lymphoepithelial cyst (OLC) is an uncommon lesion whose pathogenesis remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to report the clinicopathologic features of the OLCs and to verify a possible association between OLCs and subgemmal neurogenous plaque (SNP) in the posterior lateral region of the tongue. A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out. A total of 106,282 biopsy records of oral and maxillofacial lesions from six oral pathology services in Brazil were analyzed. All cases of OLCs were reviewed, and clinical and histopathological data were collected. Immunohistochemical reactions for S-100 protein were performed to confirm the diagnosis of SNP. Among all lesions, there were 132 (0.11%) cases of OLCs. The series comprised 83 females (62.9%) and 49 males (37.1%), with a 1.7:1 female-to-male ratio and a mean age of 45.8 ± 17.7 years. Most cases involved the tongue (n = 80; 62.0%) and presented clinically as asymptomatic papules or nodules with a yellow or whitish color. Microscopically, most of the cysts were entirely lined by parakeratinized stratified epithelium (n = 89; 67.4%) and filled with desquamated cells, keratin debris, amorphous eosinophilic material, and inflammatory cells in varying amounts. Connection with the epithelium of oral mucosa was observed in 18 cases (13.6%). SNP was found in 9/80 (11.2%) cases involving the tongue. The clinical and demographic features of OLCs were similar to those described in previous studies. Overall, this lesion has a predilection for the posterior region of the tongue of female adults. Clinicians must include the OLC in the differential diagnosis of yellow/white papules and nodules of the oral cavity.


Assuntos
Cistos , Úlceras Orais , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteínas S100
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