Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 61
Filtrar
1.
Int Orthod ; 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811012

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess in-vitro trabecular bone damage following mono- and bicortical mini-implant (MI) anchorage in mini-implant assisted rapid palatal expansion (MARPE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixteen self-drilling MI (four MARPE appliances) were distributed in two groups according to bone insertion (monocortical and bicortical) in bovine rib. The device was activated five times (0.5mm each). Trabecular bone damage was assessed using micro-CT scans made at baseline and after each activation by trabecular spacing parameter (Tb.Sp) (distance [mm] between the trabecular bone structure). These measurements were made in five different regions of interest (ROI) surrounding the screw (whole, superior, inferior, anterior and posterior). Two-way ANOVA with Tukey post-hoc analysis (α=0.05) was used to evaluate the effect of insertion type (monocortical vs. bicortical) and activation cycle (0-5) on trabecular damage. The time effect was evaluated using ANOVA-MR test effect with Bonferroni correction (α=0.003). The micro-CT images were also examined qualitatively. RESULTS: When analysing the individual ROIs, only the superior ROI had a significant difference (P<0.003) beginning at the fourth activation cycle. For the monocortical group, trabecular spacing was affected when the whole ROI was analysed beginning at the fourth activation cycle, while for the superior ROI, this difference became apparent beginning with the third activation cycle (P<0.003). For the qualitative analysis, it seems that only monocortical anchorage influences the trabecular bone in the superior area. CONCLUSIONS: Monocortical anchorage is more susceptible to bone damage around the MIs, with the superior (cervical) region most strongly affected.

2.
Aust Endod J ; 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236472

RESUMO

The objective was to evaluate the shaping ability of XP-endo Shaper and Mtwo systems in oval-shaped canals preparation by microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) along the entire canal. The volume, surface area and percentage of unprepared area were evaluated by image processing in entire canal and apical third (5 mm). Apical transportation and centring ability were evaluated at 3, 5 and 7 mm from the apex. Forty single-canal oval canines were paired in two groups (n = 20) according to the instrumentation system: XP-endo Shaper and Mtwo. The teeth were scanned by micro-CT before and after instrumentation, using a thermal vat at 37°C. The XP-endo Shaper system was more effective in the instrumentation of oval-shaped canals when compared to Mtwo system, resulting in greater volume increases and lower percentage of unprepared canals walls in apical region. Regarding apical transportation and centring ability, no statistical difference was observed.

3.
J Endod ; 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045262

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the number of mesial and distal canals of mandibular molars in which the R-Pilot pathfinding reciprocating instrument reached the working length (WL) during macro glide path procedure. Fracture and deformation rates were also evaluated. METHODS: One hundred fifty-six root canals of 52 teeth were scouted to the length of the apical foramen. Then the R-Pilot instrument was positioned at the canal orifice and activated. The instrument was moved by using a pecking motion and light apical pressure. This procedure was repeated in an attempt to reach the WL. The type of fracture and/or instrument deformation was assessed by scanning electron microscopy, whereas the roots with fractured instruments were scanned through micro-computed tomography. The percentage frequency distribution of fractures, deformations, and root canals in which the R-Pilot reached the WL were recorded and statistically compared by using the Pearson's χ2 test with α = 5%. RESULTS: R-Pilot instruments reached the WL in 139 root canals (89.10%), and χ2 test showed a significant difference between the observed frequencies and the expected frequencies (χ2 = 95.41, P = .000). The observed frequencies of fractures (2.56%) and deformations (1.92%) were also significantly lower than the expected (fracture: χ2 = 140.41, P = .000; deformation: χ2 = 144.23, P = .000). Fractures occurred mostly at the apical and curved parts of the root canals. CONCLUSIONS: R-Pilot reached the WL in 89.10% of the root canals of mandibular molars with fracture and deformation rates of 2.56% and 1.92%, respectively.

4.
J Endod ; 46(12): 1901-1906, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32961214

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to conduct a micro-computed tomographic assessment of the effectiveness of 3 supplementary cleaning techniques in reducing the residual volume of gutta-percha and a bioceramic sealer after performing endodontic retreatment procedures in teeth with oval canals. METHODS: Thirty-six mandibular premolars were instrumented with the ProTaper Next system (instruments X1-X3; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) and filled with gutta-percha and Bio-C Sealer (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil) using the single-cone technique. The teeth were reinstrumented with the Reciproc R40 instrument (VDW, Munich, Germany) and divided into 3 groups according to the supplementary cleaning technique used (n = 12): ultrasonic-assisted irrigation (UAI), EndoActivator (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK) irrigation (EAI), or the XP-endo Finisher R system (XPR; FKG Dentaire, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland). Micro-computed tomographic imaging was used to quantify the residual volume of filling material. One-way analysis of variance complemented by the Tukey test was used to perform the statistical analysis (P < .05). RESULTS: Significant reductions were obtained in the residual filling material after supplementary cleaning (P < .05). XPR (47.5%) led to significantly greater (P < .05) filling material removal than UAI (16.6%) or EAI (22.6%). The removal values of the 2 latter systems were not significantly different. CONCLUSIONS: XPR was more effective than UAI and EAI in removing filling material in mandibular premolars with oval canals. None of the tested supplementary cleaning techniques completely removed the residual filling material.


Assuntos
Guta-Percha , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Brasil , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Cavidade Pulpar , Retratamento , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Microtomografia por Raio-X
5.
Radiol Bras ; 53(3): 161-166, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32587423

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate and reconstruct three-dimensional images of vascularization along the fallopian tube (FT), as well as to determine its relationship with the ovary and ovarian fimbria, and to quantify the blood vessels along the FT according to its anatomical segments, using confocal microtomography (micro-CT). Materials and Methods: Nine specimens (six FTs and three FTs with ovaries) were fixed in a solution of 10% formalin for > 24 h at room temperature. Iodine staining was performed by soaking the specimens in 10% Lugol's solution for 24 h. All specimens were evaluated using micro-CT. A morphometric analysis was performed on the reconstructed images to quantify the vascular distribution along the FT. Results: In the FTs evaluated, the density of blood vessels was significantly greater in the fimbrial segments than in the isthmic segments (p < 0.05). The ovarian fimbria was clearly identified, demonstrating the important relationship between these vessels and the FT fimbriae. Conclusion: We believe that the vascularization in the fimbriae is greater than and disproportional that in the other segments of FT, and that the ovarian fimbria plays an important role in the development of that difference.

6.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 109: 103817, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32543392

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to fabricate and characterize dental composites containing hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (HApNPs). Four dental composites were produced from the same organic matrix (70 wt% Bis-GMA and 30 wt% TEGDMA), with partial replacement of BaBSi particles (65 wt%) by HApNPs in the following concentrations (wt%): E0 (0) - control, E10 (10), E20 (20) and E30 (30). Ca2+ and PO43- release was evaluated in solutions with different pHs (4, 5.5, and 7) using atomic emission spectroscopy with microwave-induced nitrogen plasma while the enamel remineralization potential was evaluated in caries-like enamel lesions induced by S. mutans biofilm using micro-CT. The following properties were characterized: degree of conversion (DC%), microhardness (KHN), flexural strength (FS), elastic modulus (EM) and translucency (TP). The higher the HApNPs content, the higher the Ca2+ and PO43- release. The ions release was influenced by pH (4 > 5.5 > 7) (p < 0.05). All composites loaded with HApNPs were able to remineralize the enamel (E30 = E20 > E10) (p < 0.05). Contrarily, E0 was not able of recovering the enamel mineral loss. E0 and E10 presented highest DC%, while E20 and E30 showed similar and lowest DC%. KHN and FS were decreased with the addition of HApNPs, while EM was not influenced by the incorporation of HApNPs. E10 presented statistically similar TP to E0, while this property decreased for E20 and E30 (p < 0.05). Incorporation of HApNPs into dental composites promoted enamel remineralization, mainly at potentially cariogenic pH (= 4), while maintained their overall performance in terms of physicomechanical properties.

7.
Radiol. bras ; 53(3): 161-166, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136063

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To evaluate and reconstruct three-dimensional images of vascularization along the fallopian tube (FT), as well as to determine its relationship with the ovary and ovarian fimbria, and to quantify the blood vessels along the FT according to its anatomical segments, using confocal microtomography (micro-CT). Materials and Methods: Nine specimens (six FTs and three FTs with ovaries) were fixed in a solution of 10% formalin for > 24 h at room temperature. Iodine staining was performed by soaking the specimens in 10% Lugol's solution for 24 h. All specimens were evaluated using micro-CT. A morphometric analysis was performed on the reconstructed images to quantify the vascular distribution along the FT. Results: In the FTs evaluated, the density of blood vessels was significantly greater in the fimbrial segments than in the isthmic segments (p < 0.05). The ovarian fimbria was clearly identified, demonstrating the important relationship between these vessels and the FT fimbriae. Conclusion: We believe that the vascularization in the fimbriae is greater than and disproportional that in the other segments of FT, and that the ovarian fimbria plays an important role in the development of that difference.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar e reconstruir imagens tridimensionais da vascularização ao longo da trompa de Falópio (TF) e sua relação com o ovário e fímbria do ovário, além de quantificar os vasos sanguíneos ao longo da TF de acordo com seus segmentos anatômicos usando microtomografia confocal (micro-TC). Materiais e Métodos: Nove espécimes (seis com TFs e três com TFs e ovários) foram fixados em solução de formol a 10% por mais de 24 h à temperatura ambiente. A coloração com iodo foi realizada usando solução de Lugol a 10% durante 24 h. Todos os espécimes foram avaliados usando micro-TC. Uma análise morfométrica foi realizada nas imagens reconstruídas para quantificar a distribuição vascular ao longo da TF. Resultados: A densidade dos vasos sanguíneos nas fímbrias foi significativamente aumentada em comparação ao segmento ístmico da TF (p < 0,05). A fímbria ovariana foi claramente identificada, demonstrando importante relação entre esses vasos e as fímbrias da TF. Conclusão: Acreditamos que as fímbrias apresentam vascularização aumentada e desproporcional em comparação com os demais segmentos da TF e que a fímbria ovariana desempenha importante papel nessa diferença.

10.
J Periodontal Res ; 55(3): 453-463, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Periodontitis can corroborate with development and progression of atherosclerosis and a possible bidirectional interaction between both pathologies has been hypothesized. The aim of this work was to study the interactions between diet-induced hypercholesterolemia and ligature-induced periodontitis in Wistar rats submitted to both conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Animals were divided into four experimental groups: C (control: standard diet without periodontitis), Perio (periodontitis plus standard diet), HC (high cholesterol diet without periodontitis), and HC + Perio (high cholesterol diet plus periodontitis). The diets were offered for 45 days and a silk ligature was applied in the lower first molars of Perio and HC-Perio animals on day 34 and maintained for 11 days until euthanasia. The mandibles were excised, and alveolar bone loss was determined by macroscopic and micro-tomographic (µ-CT) imaging. Blood samples were obtained, and platelet aggregation was induced in plasma rich in platelets by adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and collagen. Endothelium-dependent vascular reactivity and protein expression of endothelial (eNOS), phosphorylated endothelial (peNOS), and inducible (iNOS) nitric oxide synthases were evaluated in aorta samples. RESULTS: The HC diet combined with periodontitis (HC + Perio group) was associated with an increased alveolar bone loss, when compared to the other groups. Both in Perio and HC groups, platelet aggregation induced by ADP or collagen was increased, while maximum aortic relaxation induced by acetylcholine was decreased. Periodontitis or HC diet alone decreased the expression of peNOS and HC diet increased the expression of iNOS. In contrast, no additive or synergistic effects were found in vascular reactivity or in platelet aggregation when the two conditions were associated (HC + Perio group). CONCLUSION: Hypercholesterolemia accelerated the process of bone loss induced by periodontitis while a high cholesterol diet or periodontitis individually increased platelet aggregation and vascular reactivity in rats without additive or synergistic effects, when associated.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar/fisiopatologia , Hipercolesterolemia/complicações , Periodontite/complicações , Agregação Plaquetária , Animais , Colesterol na Dieta , Dieta , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
11.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 30(3): 381-389, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31811738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Achieving a void-free root canal filling is a challenge in current clinical pulpectomy practice. AIM: To compare filling effectiveness and internal voids of root filling materials and obturation techniques in resin-prototyped primary incisors by micro-CT. DESIGN: Fifty prototypes were instrumented and randomly divided (n = 10) according to the filling materials (Vitapex® , ZOE, Calcicur® , Feapex, and Calen® -ZO) and obturation technique: lentulo or pressure syringe (n = 5). The specimens were micro-CT scanned (pixel size = 7.83 µm) and reconstructed, and the total volume of filled canal (%FC) and internal voids (%IV) of the bulk filling material was calculated. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were used to detect differences and interactions among groups. RESULTS: Calen® -ZO, Vitapex® , and ZOE showed similar %FC. Calcicur® showed lower %FC compared with Calen® -ZO, Vitapex® , and ZOE (P < .05) but similar to Feapex. No statistically significant differences in %FC between lentulo or pressure syringe were disclosed. Regarding %IV, Vitapex® , and Calen® -ZO performed better with syringe, although Calcicur® was better with lentulo. The number of voids in the obturation bulk was similar among materials, but always lower (P < .05) in syringe filled specimens. CONCLUSION: Vitapex® , Calen® -ZO, and ZOE outperformed Calcicur® and Feapex in %FC and if the syringe technique is used, %IV of the obturation bulk and presence of defects was lower.


Assuntos
Incisivo , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Polímeros , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Dente Decíduo , Cimento de Óxido de Zinco e Eugenol
12.
Aust Endod J ; 46(1): 82-87, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556201

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare, by micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) analysis, the obturation quality of two filling methods: the single-cone technique with the bioceramic EndoSequence BC sealer and the continuous wave technique with the resin-based AH Plus sealer. Twenty mandibular molars were divided into two groups (n = 10) according to the sealer used. Only the mesial roots, which are known to have mostly two canals, were used. The specimens were scanned before and after instrumentation and after obturation. Root canal volume after instrumentation and filling volume were calculated to obtain the percentage volumes of filling, voids and gaps. All specimens presented final volumes that were smaller than the initial volumes (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between groups for filling volume, voids and gaps (P > 0.05). Using two filling methods, EndoSequence BC and AH Plus promoted a similar root filling quality in mesial roots of mandibular molars. Neither sealer was able to fill the root canal system completely.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Resinas Epóxi , Dente Molar , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Microtomografia por Raio-X
13.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1135522

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To compare the immediate microleakage of carious fissures sealed with a caries infiltrant covered by a flowable composite or solely with a flowable composite. Material and Methods: Extracted carious molars (n=20) were selected and paired among the experimental groups according to caries progression scores. Experimental groups (n=10) were divided according to the following sealing techniques: 1) caries infiltrant (Icon) + flowable composite (Z350 flow); 2) flowable composite (Z350 flow). Specimens were immersed in 3% methylene blue and evaluated in a stereomicroscope. Microleakage scores were attributed independently by two calibrated evaluators and the mode value was considered as the mean for the specimen. Binomial tests were used to test differences between two independent sample proportions at 5% significance level. Results: In the flowable composite group, a higher prevalence of dye penetration along the full depth of the fissure was observed, compared with caries infiltrant + flowable composite (p<0.05). For specimens showing dye penetration up to half of the fissure, in caries infiltrant + flowable composite group, all specimens showed dye penetration into the sealant, but not over the infiltrant. Conclusion: Using caries infiltrant as sealing material under a flowable composite cover is effective to improve the immediate sealing ability in carious fissures compared to sealing with flowable composite.


Assuntos
Humanos , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras/química , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Infiltração Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Materiais Dentários/química , Dente Molar , Brasil , Azul de Metileno
14.
Pol J Radiol ; 84: e281-e288, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482002

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate in three dimensions (3D) the human endosalpinx and reconstruct its surface along its different anatomical segments, without the injection or insertion of luminal contrasts, using confocal microtomography (micro-CT). Material and methods: 15 fallopian tubes (FT) from 14 women in reproductive age from procedures for benign disease or sterilization were selected. The specimens were fixed in formalin and stained with Lugol solution. Micro-CT studies were conducted on the specimens using protocols adapted from biological studies, to acquire images to reconstruct in 3D the endosalpinx surface. Results: From these specimens, 6 presented the intra-mural segment, 14 presented the isthmus and 15 presented the ampulla and fimbria segment of the FT. The specimen presented tissue definition, and contrast sufficient for FT endosalpinx morphological analysis and lumen definition. The intramural portion presented initially a mucosal projection toward the lumen, bending on its own axis, and increased numbers of projections towards the isthmic portion, where the projections become longer more numerous. The endosalpinx becomes more tortuous, the lumen diameter increases and the mucosal projections become more bulky in the ampullary portion, with the projections less present on the antimesenteric side. The infundibular portion is marked with the organized and predictable endosalpinx, the abdominal ostium is cleared demonstrated, with the reduction of the endosalpinx volume. The fimbria demonstrated a small relation between fringes and intratubal endosalpinx. Conclusions: Microscopic anatomy of different segments of the human FT mucosa can be analyzed and reconstructed in 3D with histological correlation using micro-CT.

15.
Int J Prosthodont ; 32(4): 355-357, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31283814

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To estimate the misfit volume of zirconia vs metal-ceramic crowns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five specimens were fabricated from zirconia and five from nichrome (metal-ceramic). Microcomputed tomography techniques were used to obtain volumetric reconstructions of misfit volume before and after ceramic application. RESULTS: The mean misfit volume for metal-ceramic crowns was 8.80 mm3, and for zirconia crowns was 6.76 mm3 (P = .003, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.714 to 3.358). Misfit volume also did not differ significantly before and after ceramic application (metal-ceramic, P = .375, 95% CI 0.513 to 1.363; zirconia, P = .253, 95% CI 0.257 to 0.977). CONCLUSION: Zirconia crowns had a smaller mean misfit volume than metal-ceramic crowns. The change in misfit volume after ceramic application was minimal and unlikely to be of clinical relevance.


Assuntos
Porcelana Dentária , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Cerâmica , Coroas , Materiais Dentários , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Zircônio
16.
J Endod ; 45(9): 1135-1141, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350048

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of the XP-endo Shaper instrument (FKG Dentaire, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland) during the removal of root fillings from oval-shaped canals. M-Wire Reciproc and Reciproc Blue systems (VDW, Munich, Germany) were used as reference instruments for comparison, and micro-computed technology was used as an analytical tool. METHODS: Thirty mandibular incisors with oval-shaped canals were matched based on similar anatomic features of the canal (eg, volume, aspect ratio, and 3-dimensional configuration) after scanning procedures. The canals were prepared with M-Wire Reciproc R25 instruments and filled with gutta-percha and AH Plus sealer (Dentsply DeTrey, Konstanz, Germany) using the continuous wave of condensation technique. Then, the sample was allocated into 3 experimental groups (n = 10) according to the retreatment protocol used: M-Wire Reciproc, Reciproc Blue, and XP-endo Shaper. M-Wire Reciproc R25, Reciproc Blue R25, and XP-endo Shaper instruments were used to remove the root fillings. Apical enlargement was performed with M-Wire Reciproc R40, Reciproc Blue R40, and BioRace BR5 (FKG Dentaire) instruments. Each sample was scanned after each endodontic procedure. The volume of remaining root filling material was quantified before and after apical enlargement. The percentage volumes of root filling reduction in relation to the instrumented canals at both time points (before and after apical enlargement) were calculated and considered for statistical analysis. Data were analyzed statistically with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: Reciproc Blue presented significantly lower removal of filling material compared with the XP-endo Shaper (Tukey test, P < .05). No difference was detected either between M-Wire Reciproc and Reciproc Blue (Tukey test, P > .05) or M-Wire Reciproc and XP-endo Shaper (Tukey, P > .05). The increase of apical enlargement significantly improved the removal of root fillings from the root canals (P < .05); this effect was similar for all systems (time point × file system, P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: The XP-endo Shaper instrument showed a higher percentage of root filling removal, but no differences were observed comparing M-Wire Reciproc with the XP-endo Shaper or Reciproc Blue. The increase of apical enlargement improved the removal of root fillings in all groups. None of them was able to render root canals completely free from root fillings.


Assuntos
Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Cavidade Pulpar , Alemanha , Guta-Percha , Humanos , Retratamento , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Microtomografia por Raio-X
17.
Dent Mater ; 35(8): e175-e183, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204047

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the influence of experimental composites containing quaternary ammonium monomers (QAM) at different concentrations and alkyl chains on demineralization at enamel-composite margins after cariogenic challenge. METHODS: Standardized 4×4mm cavities were cut into 35 bovine enamel blocks, which were randomly divided into seven groups (n=5) and restored with the following experimental composites and commercial materials: (G12.5) - 5% dimethylaminododecyl methacrylate (DMADDM) with a 12-carbon alkyl chain (G12.10) - 10% DMADDM, (G16.5) - 5% dimethylaminohexadecyl methacrylate (DMAHDM) with a 16-carbon alkyl chain (G16.10) - 10% DMAHDM, (CG) - control group (without QAM), (GZ250) - commercial composite (Filtek Z250®), and (GIC) - glass ionomer cement (Maxxion R®). After restorative procedures, initial microhardness was measured and experimental composites were subjected to Streptococcus mutans biofilm formation for 48h. After cariogenic challenge, the samples were washed and microhardness was reassessed. A 3D non-contact profilometer was used to determine surface roughness and enamel demineralization was assessed by micro-CT. Microhardness results were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests and micro-CT results were analyzed by Tukey's HSD test (95% confidence interval). RESULTS: None of the materials could prevent mineral loss at the enamel-restoration margins. The addition of 10% DMAHDM yielded the lowest, albeit statistically significant, mineral loss (p<0.05). 3D non-contact profilometry showed enamel surface roughness modification after biofilm exposure. The CG had the highest roughness values. Micro-CT analysis revealed mineral loss, except for GIC. SIGNIFICANCE: The addition of 10% QAM with a 16-carbon chain in experimental composites reduced mineral loss at the enamel-restoration margins after cariogenic challenge.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Desmineralização do Dente , Animais , Biofilmes , Bovinos , Resinas Compostas , Esmalte Dentário , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Metacrilatos , Streptococcus mutans
18.
J Endod ; 45(2): 194-198, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30711177

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the frequency in which Reciproc Blue R25 instruments (VDW, Munich, Germany) reached the full working length (WL) of mandibular molar canals without a glide path. The influence of the type of electric motor (ie, conventional corded or cordless) on the instrument's performance was also assessed. METHODS: One hundred mandibular molars with slight to moderate root canals were selected and randomly assigned into 1 of 2 experimental groups according to the type of electric motor used: conventional corded (VDW Silver, VDW) or cordless motors (VDW.CONNECT Drive, VDW). Therefore, 50 molars and 154 root canals were selected for each motor. Reciproc Blue R25 instruments were used until reaching two thirds of the estimated WL. Then, a size 10 K-file was passively inserted to determine the full WL. No active instrumentation movement was performed with a size 10 K-file. Independently, whether a size 10 K-file reached the apex or not, Reciproc Blue R25 instruments were used to complete canal preparation. When the Reciproc Blue R25 instrument was able to reach the full WL, the case was classified as "reaching the full working length" (RFWL). If the instrument was not able to reach the full WL, the case was classified as "not reaching the full working length" (NRFWL). The chi-square test of goodness of fit was used to verify whether the observed frequencies of RFWL and NRFWL adhered to the expected ones. A 5% cutoff level of significance was considered for statistical assumptions. RESULTS: Reciproc Blue R25 instruments were able to reach the full WL in 304 root canals (98.70%). The chi-square test revealed the observed frequencies of RFWL and NRFWL to be significantly different from the expected frequencies (χ2 = 292,208, P = .000). The frequency of RFWL and NRFWL was exactly the same for both types of electric motors. No instrument fractured, and a single file deformed. In 50 of 308 root canals, a size 10 K-file was unable to passively reach the full WL. From these 50 canals, Reciproc Blue R25 instruments were able to reach the full WL in 47 of them. CONCLUSIONS: Reciproc Blue R25 instruments were able to reach the full WL in a high frequency of cases. The type of electric motor used did not interfere in the frequency of RFWL cases. No instrument fractured, and a single file deformed.


Assuntos
Instrumentos Odontológicos , Desenho de Equipamento , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Humanos , Mandíbula , Dente Molar
19.
Clin Oral Investig ; 23(4): 1865-1870, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30218229

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential of conventional glass ionomer cement (GIC), Biodentine™, MTA, and Portland cement to induce mineral density changes in carious dentin compared to zinc oxide eugenol control cement (ZOE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty blocks of bovine root dentin were prepared and a biofilm model using ATCC strains of S.mutans, S.sobrinus, and L.casei was used to promote artificial dentin lesions. After demineralization, the blocks were randomly divided into the five cement groups. Half of the surface of each specimen received the tested material and the other half was covered with wax (control). Samples were stored in phosphate buffered saline solution for 30 days and after that were scanned in a micro-CT with standardized parameters. Dentin mineral density changes were calculated using differences in plot profiles of the exposed and control carious dentin. Friedman's test, followed by Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used with 5% significance. RESULTS: Mean ΔZ values for the cements were 48.63 ± 19.09 for the control (ZOE), 63.31 ± 32.59 for Biodentine™, 114.63 ± 72.92 for GIC, 109.56 ± 66.28 for MTA, and 106.88 ± 66.02 for Portland cement. All cements showed a statistically significant increase in ΔZ values compared to the control, but Biodentine™ values were statistically significantly lower compared to GIC and the other calcium silicate cements. CONCLUSIONS: Tested materials present potential to induce mineral density changes in carious bovine dentin. MTA, Portland, and GIC showed higher bioactivity potential than Biodentine™. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Based on minimally invasive concept, materials with remineralization potential can be used to preserve diseased but still repairable dental tissue.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/terapia , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina/química , Minerais/análise , Compostos de Alumínio , Animais , Compostos de Cálcio , Bovinos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Teste de Materiais , Óxidos , Distribuição Aleatória , Silicatos , Microtomografia por Raio-X
20.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 29(1): 50-57, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30264472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Efficient endodontic instrumentation of primary teeth is a challenge for paediatric dentists. AIM: To evaluate biomechanical outcomes of endodontic instrumentation with a reciprocating system in a polymer-prototyped primary maxillary central incisor. DESIGN: The specimen was systematically instrumented and micro-CT scanned before and after each file. The amount of debris, percentage of non-instrumented areas, removed dentin volume, and lower dentin thickness at specific points along the root canal were analyzed. RESULTS: A 10% increase in removed dentin volume was observed when R40 was compared to R25 (14.5% vs 4.2%). When comparing R50 with R40, this increase was only 3.4% (17.9% vs 14.5%). In the root cervical third, there was substantial reduction in dentin thickness with R50 (48.8%), followed by R40 (39.5%) and R25 (18.6%). There was no difference between R25 and R40 in the removal of dentin at the apical third (15.8%), while R50 resulted in 39.8% reduction in dentin thickness. Percentage of non-instrumented areas were the same for all files. Accumulated debris with R40 and R50 was the same (0.19 mm³) while for R25 was 0.11 mm³. CONCLUSIONS: The Reciproc® system was effective for instrumentation of a prototyped primary maxillary central incisor. The most suitable file for apical preparation was R40.


Assuntos
Incisivo/cirurgia , Dente Decíduo/cirurgia , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Dentina , Humanos , Maxila , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...