Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 321
Filtrar
1.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732555

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Since the addition of carotid ultrasound into composite cardiovascular risk (CVR) scores has been found effective for identifying patients with inflammatory arthritis and high CVR, we aimed to determine if its use would facilitate the reclassification of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) into the very-high-risk SCORE (Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation) category and whether this might be related to disease features. METHODS: Cross-sectional study involving 206 patients who fulfilled CASPAR criteria for PsA and 197 controls. We assessed lipid profile, SCORE, disease activity measurements, and the presence of carotid plaques and carotid intima-media thickness by ultrasonography. A multivariable regression analysis, adjusted for classic CVR factors, was performed to evaluate if the risk of reclassification could be explained by disease-related features and to assess the most parsimonious combination of risk reclassification predictors. RESULTS: Forty-seven percent of patients were reclassified into a very-high SCORE risk category after carotid ultrasound compared to 26% of controls (p=0.000). Patients included in the low-risk SCORE category were those who were more commonly reclassified (30% vs. 14%, p=0.002). The DAPSA score was associated with reclassification (beta coefficient 1.10 [95%CI 1.02-1.19], p=0.019) after adjusting for age and traditional CVR factors. A model containing SCORE plus age, statin use, and DAPSA score yielded the highest discriminatory accuracy compared to the SCORE alone model (AUC 0.863 [95%CI 0.789-0.936] vs. 0.716 [95%CI 0.668-0.764], p=0.000). CONCLUSION: PsA patients are more frequently reclassified into the very-high SCORE risk category following carotid ultrasound assessment than controls. This was independently explained by the disease activity.

2.
Eur J Sport Sci ; : 1-21, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738669

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the influence of unknown additional eccentric loading (AEL) on bench-press kinematics (peak velocity, peak acceleration and accelerative percentage of the concentric phase) and muscle activation (pectoralis major and anterior deltoid) in professional rugby and handball players. Seventeen professional athletes were randomly assigned to complete 3 separate bench-press repetitions with different AEL schemes (100/40, 100/60 and 100/80% of 1RM eccentric/concentric loading, respectively) under two conditions: known- and unknown- concentric load (KL and UL, respectively). Results indicate that the lack of knowledge regarding the additional eccentric load induced a significant increase in peak acceleration and agonist-muscles electromyographic activity, with no changes regarding peak velocity or accelerative percentage during the concentric phase. These results support the use of unknown loads as a practical strategy in eliciting rapid muscle activation and force production, which is critical in many sports, such as handball or rugby.

3.
Eur J Nutr ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705265

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The evidence from the literature regarding the association of dietary factors and risk of prostate cancer is inconclusive. METHODS: A nutrient-wide association study was conducted to systematically and comprehensively evaluate the associations between 92 foods or nutrients and risk of prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Cox proportional hazard regression models adjusted for total energy intake, smoking status, body mass index, physical activity, diabetes and education were used to estimate hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for standardized dietary intakes. As in genome-wide association studies, correction for multiple comparisons was applied using the false discovery rate (FDR < 5%) method and suggested results were replicated in an independent cohort, the Netherlands Cohort Study (NLCS). RESULTS: A total of 5916 and 3842 incident cases of prostate cancer were diagnosed during a mean follow-up of 14 and 20 years in EPIC and NLCS, respectively. None of the dietary factors was associated with the risk of total prostate cancer in EPIC (minimum FDR-corrected P, 0.37). Null associations were also observed by disease stage, grade and fatality, except for positive associations observed for intake of dry cakes/biscuits with low-grade and butter with aggressive prostate cancer, respectively, out of which the intake of dry cakes/biscuits was replicated in the NLCS. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide little support for an association for the majority of the 92 examined dietary factors and risk of prostate cancer. The association of dry cakes/biscuits with low-grade prostate cancer warrants further replication given the scarcity in the literature.

4.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 964, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CpG Island Methylator Phenotype (CIMP) is an epigenetic phenotype in CRC characterized by hypermethylation of CpG islands in promoter regions of tumor suppressor genes, leading to their transcriptional silencing and loss of function. While the prevalence of CRC differs across geographical regions, no studies have compared prevalence of CIMP-High phenotype across regions. The purpose of this project was to compare the prevalence of CIMP across geographical regions after adjusting for variations in methodologies to measure CIMP in a meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Medline, and Embase for articles focusing on CIMP published from 2000 to 2018. Two reviewers independently identified 111 articles to be included in final meta-analysis. We classified methods used to quantify CIMP into 4 categories: a) Classical (MINT marker) Panel group b) Weisenberg-Ogino (W-O) group c) Human Methylation Arrays group and d) Miscellaneous group. We compared the prevalence of CIMP across geographical regions after correcting for methodological variations using meta-regression techniques. RESULTS: The pooled prevalence of CIMP-High across all studies was 22% (95% confidence interval:21-24%; I2 = 94.75%). Pooled prevalence of CIMP-H across Asia, Australia, Europe, North America and South America was 22, 21, 21, 27 and 25%, respectively. Meta-regression analysis identified no significant differences in the prevalence of CIMP-H across geographical regions after correction for methodological variations. In exploratory analysis, we observed variations in CIMP-H prevalence across countries. CONCLUSION: Although no differences were found for CIMP-H prevalence across countries, further studies are needed to compare the influence of demographic, lifestyle and environmental factors in relation to the prevalence of CIMP across geographical regions.

5.
Elife ; 82019 10 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661432

RESUMO

Lysosomes are major sites for intracellular, acidic hydrolase-mediated proteolysis and cellular degradation. The export of low-molecular-weight catabolic end-products is facilitated by polytopic transmembrane proteins mediating secondary active or passive transport. A number of these lysosomal transporters, however, remain enigmatic. We present a detailed analysis of MFSD1, a hitherto uncharacterized lysosomal family member of the major facilitator superfamily. MFSD1 is not N-glycosylated. It contains a dileucine-based sorting motif needed for its transport to lysosomes. Mfsd1 knockout mice develop splenomegaly and severe liver disease. Proteomics of isolated lysosomes from Mfsd1 knockout mice revealed GLMP as a critical accessory subunit for MFSD1. MFSD1 and GLMP physically interact. GLMP is essential for the maintenance of normal levels of MFSD1 in lysosomes and vice versa. Glmp knockout mice mimic the phenotype of Mfsd1 knockout mice. Our data reveal a tightly linked MFSD1/GLMP lysosomal membrane protein transporter complex.

7.
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) ; 91(6): 885-891, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conflicting evidence remains in the association of testosterone therapy (TTh) with prostate cancer (PCa). This inconsistency maybe due, in part, to the small sample sizes from previous studies and an incomplete assessment of comorbidities, particularly diabetes. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association of PCa with TTh (injection or gel) and different TTh doses and determined whether this association varies by the presence of diabetes at baseline in a large, nationally representative, commercially insured cohort. DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 189 491 men aged 40-60 years old in the IBM MarketScan® Commercial Database, which included 1424 PCa cases diagnosed from 2011 to 2014. TTh was defined using CPT codes from inpatient and outpatient, and NDC codes from pharmacy claims. Multivariable adjusted Cox proportional hazards models were used to compute hazard ratios for patients with incident PCa. RESULTS: We found a 33% reduced association of PCa after comparing the highest category (>12) of TTh injections with the lowest (1-2 injections) category (HR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.54-0.82). Similar statistical significant inverse association for PCa was observed for men who received TTh topical gels (>330 vs 1- to 60-days supply). Among nondiabetics, we found significant inverse association between TTh (injection and gel) and PCa, but a weak interaction between TTh injections and diabetes (P = .05). CONCLUSION: Overall, increased use of TTh is inversely associated with PCa and this remained significant only among nondiabetics. These findings warrant further investigation in large randomized placebo-controlled trials to infer any health benefit by TTh.

8.
J Neurochem ; 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550048

RESUMO

Retinal hypoxia triggers abnormal vessel growth and microvascular hyper-permeability in ischemic retinopathies. Whereas vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) inhibitors significantly hinder disease progression, their benefits to retinal neurons remain poorly understood. Similar to humans, oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) mice exhibit severe retinal microvascular malformations and profound neuronal dysfunction. OIR mice are thus a phenocopy of human retinopathy of prematurity, and a proxy for investigating advanced stages of proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Hence, the OIR model offers an excellent platform for assessing morpho-functional responses of the ischemic retina to anti-angiogenic therapies. Using this model, we investigated the retinal responses to VEGF-Trap (Aflibercept), an anti-angiogenic agent recognizing ligands of VEGF receptors 1 and 2 that possesses regulatory approval for the treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration, macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion and diabetic macular edema. Our results indicate that Aflibercept not only reduces the severity of retinal microvascular aberrations but also significantly improves neuroretinal function. Aflibercept administration significantly enhanced light-responsiveness, as revealed by electroretinographic examinations, and led to increased numbers of dopaminergic amacrine cells. Additionally, retinal transcriptional profiling revealed the concerted regulation of both angiogenic and neuronal targets, including transcripts encoding subunits of transmitter receptors relevant to amacrine cell function. Thus, Aflibercept represents a promising therapeutic alternative for the treatment of further progressive ischemic retinal neurovasculopathies beyond the set of disease conditions for which it has regulatory approval.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515620

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to analyze the mid-term outcomes of a modular monopolar type of radial head arthroplasty in the treatment of complex fractures associated with acute elbow joint instability. We postulated that radiographic changes are related to the development of clinical complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated at last follow-up 26 radial head arthroplasties in 26 consecutive patients who were followed for at least one and a half year. All patients had suffered radial head fractures (Mason III) in the context of unstable elbow injuries. Definitive treatment of the radial fracture was performed with modular and monopolar prosthesis which was inserted as a press fit. All patients were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively. The evaluation included a clinical examination and a protocolized imaging study (standard X-Rays and CT) of the elbow. We analyzed the incidence of: heterotopic ossifications, secondary radiocapitellar joint osteoarthritis, hardware loosening, hardware disengagement, and joint infection. Diagnosis of clinical failure of the implant was defined as the time to the second surgery due to major complications related to the prosthesis, such as persistent lateral side pain or elbow stiffness and any kind of implant instability or dislocation. RESULTS: The implant-specific reoperation rate was 15% (four reoperations). The need for the second surgery was statistically associated with heterotopic ossifications, radiocapitellar osteoarthritis and cortical resorption around radial neck (p = 0.054, p = 0.033, and p = 0.019, respectively), being periprosthetic osteolysis the most likely factor related to failure, and radial pain the main symptom leading to surgical revision. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows a positive association between radiographic findings and patient symptoms for postoperative complications after radial head arthroplasty. Failed radial head replacements may lead to reoperation mainly due to pain, and this can be distinguished from other causes of pain in elbow region based on its radial location. Radiological loosening was prevalent in this group of failed replacement.

10.
Nat Immunol ; 20(9): 1208-1219, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384057

RESUMO

Regulatory T cells (Treg cells) deficient in the transcription factor Foxp3 lack suppressor function and manifest an effector T (Teff) cell-like phenotype. We demonstrate that Foxp3 deficiency dysregulates metabolic checkpoint kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 2 (mTORC2) signaling and gives rise to augmented aerobic glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation. Specific deletion of the mTORC2 adaptor gene Rictor in Foxp3-deficient Treg cells ameliorated disease in a Foxo1 transcription factor-dependent manner. Rictor deficiency re-established a subset of Treg cell genetic circuits and suppressed the Teff cell-like glycolytic and respiratory programs, which contributed to immune dysregulation. Treatment of Treg cells from patients with FOXP3 deficiency with mTOR inhibitors similarly antagonized their Teff cell-like program and restored suppressive function. Thus, regulatory function can be re-established in Foxp3-deficient Treg cells by targeting their metabolic pathways, providing opportunities to restore tolerance in Treg cell disorders.


Assuntos
Reprogramação Celular/imunologia , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 2 de Rapamicina/metabolismo , Proteína Companheira de mTOR Insensível à Rapamicina/genética , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Glicólise/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 2 de Rapamicina/antagonistas & inibidores , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Fosforilação Oxidativa , Transdução de Sinais , Linfócitos T Reguladores/citologia
11.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 605, 2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31337355

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lichens, encompassing 20,000 known species, are symbioses between specialized fungi (mycobionts), mostly ascomycetes, and unicellular green algae or cyanobacteria (photobionts). Here we describe the first parallel genomic analysis of the mycobiont Cladonia grayi and of its green algal photobiont Asterochloris glomerata. We focus on genes/predicted proteins of potential symbiotic significance, sought by surveying proteins differentially activated during early stages of mycobiont and photobiont interaction in coculture, expanded or contracted protein families, and proteins with differential rates of evolution. RESULTS: A) In coculture, the fungus upregulated small secreted proteins, membrane transport proteins, signal transduction components, extracellular hydrolases and, notably, a ribitol transporter and an ammonium transporter, and the alga activated DNA metabolism, signal transduction, and expression of flagellar components. B) Expanded fungal protein families include heterokaryon incompatibility proteins, polyketide synthases, and a unique set of G-protein α subunit paralogs. Expanded algal protein families include carbohydrate active enzymes and a specific subclass of cytoplasmic carbonic anhydrases. The alga also appears to have acquired by horizontal gene transfer from prokaryotes novel archaeal ATPases and Desiccation-Related Proteins. Expanded in both symbionts are signal transduction components, ankyrin domain proteins and transcription factors involved in chromatin remodeling and stress responses. The fungal transportome is contracted, as are algal nitrate assimilation genes. C) In the mycobiont, slow-evolving proteins were enriched for components involved in protein translation, translocation and sorting. CONCLUSIONS: The surveyed genes affect stress resistance, signaling, genome reprogramming, nutritional and structural interactions. The alga carries many genes likely transferred horizontally through viruses, yet we found no evidence of inter-symbiont gene transfer. The presence in the photobiont of meiosis-specific genes supports the notion that sexual reproduction occurs in Asterochloris while they are free-living, a phenomenon with implications for the adaptability of lichens and the persistent autonomy of the symbionts. The diversity of the genes affecting the symbiosis suggests that lichens evolved by accretion of many scattered regulatory and structural changes rather than through introduction of a few key innovations. This predicts that paths to lichenization were variable in different phyla, which is consistent with the emerging consensus that ascolichens could have had a few independent origins.

12.
Oncologist ; 24(8): e687-e695, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147489

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The VELOUR study evaluated the efficacy and safety of adding aflibercept to FOLFIRI (fluorouracil, leucovorin, irinotecan) in second-line therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). However, a nomogram that can stratify patients according to prognosis is unavailable, and the frequency and effect of the pragmatic use of modified schedules in actual practice remains unknown. METHOD: The sample consists of 250 patients with mCRC treated with aflibercept and irinotecan-based chemotherapy at nine Spanish academic centers between January 2013 and September 2015. The result of a Cox proportional hazards model regression for overall survival (OS), adjusted for covariates available in daily practice, was represented as a nomogram and web-based calculator. Harrell's c-index was used to assess discrimination. RESULTS: The prognostic nomogram for OS includes six variables: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, tumor location, number of metastatic sites, mutational status, better response to previous treatment(s), and carcinoembryonic antigen. The model is well calibrated and has acceptable discriminatory capacity (optimism-corrected c-index, 0.723; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.666-0.778). Median OS was 6.1 months (95% CI, 5.1-8.8), 12.4 months (95% CI, 9.36-14.8), and 22.9 months (95% CI, 16.6-not reached) for high-, intermediate-, and low-risk groups, respectively. Age, comorbidity, or use of modified FOLFIRI regimens did not affect prognosis in this series. Grade 3-4 adverse events were less common following modified schedules. The admission rate because of toxicity was higher in ≥65 years (9.7% vs. 19.6%; odds ratio, 2.26; p = .029). CONCLUSION: We have developed and internally validated a prognostic model for use in individuals with colorectal cancer initiating therapy with FOLFIRI-aflibercept to predict both OS and the effect of pragmatic modifications of the classic regime on efficacy and safety. This can aid in decision making and in designing future trials. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: In this study, the authors developed and conducted the internal validation of a prognostic nomogram that makes it possible to stratify patients who are eligible for second-line FOLFIRI-aflibercept based on their probability of survival. This model was developed in a multicenter sample from nine Spanish hospitals. Furthermore, to increase the study's validity, the practical use of aflibercept in this setting was investigated, including doses or pragmatic modifications. The results suggest that the modified schedules often used in this daily clinical practice-based patient population are associated with less severe toxicity without apparent detriment to survival endpoints. It is believed that these data complement the information provided by the VELOUR trial and are relevant for the oncologist in treating colon cancer in the second-line setting.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 58(14): 9368-9377, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247821

RESUMO

La-doped CeO2 materials have been widely investigated for potential applications in different high-temperature electrochemical devices, such as fuel cells and ceramic membranes for hydrogen production. However, the crystal structure is still controversial, and different models based on fluorite, pyrochlore, and/or type-C structures have been considered, depending on the lanthanum content and synthesis method used. In this work, an exhaustive structural analysis of the Ce1-xLaxO2-x/2 system (0.2 < x ≤ 0.7) is performed with different techniques. The average crystal structure, studied by conventional X-ray diffraction, could be considered to be a disordered fluorite; however, the local structure, examined by electron diffraction and Raman spectroscopy, reveals a biphasic mixture of fluorite and C-type phases. The thermal and electrical properties demonstrate that the materials with x ≥ 0.4 are oxide ion proton conductors in an oxidizing atmosphere and mixed ionic electronic conductors in a reducing atmosphere. The water uptake and proton conductivity increase gradually with the increase in La content, suggesting that the formation of the C-type phase is responsible for the proton conduction in these materials.

14.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 8565, 2019 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189941

RESUMO

With the exception of renal cell carcinoma, studies assessing the association between hypertension and other cancers are inconsistent. We conducted a meta-analysis to assess this evidence. We included observational studies investigating the association between any definition of hypertension or systolic and diastolic blood pressure and risk of any cancer, after searching PubMed until November 2017. We calculated summary relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) using inverse-variance weighted random effects methods. A total of 148 eligible publications were identified out of 39,891 initially screened citations. Considering only evidence from 85 prospective studies, positive associations were observed between hypertension and kidney, colorectal and breast cancer. Positive associations between hypertension and risk of oesophageal adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, liver and endometrial cancer were also observed, but the majority of studies did not perform comprehensive multivariable adjustments. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure were positively associated with risk of kidney cancer but not with other cancers. In addition to the previously well-described association between hypertension and risk of kidney cancer, the current meta-analysis suggested that hypertensive individuals may also be at higher risk of colorectal and breast cancer. However, careful interpretation is required as most meta-analyses included relatively small number of studies, several relative risks had weak or moderate magnitude and maybe affected by residual confounding.

15.
Cutan Ocul Toxicol ; 38(3): 212-220, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30935251

RESUMO

Background: Poor ocular tolerance of sunscreens is partially responsible for poor compliance in use of sunscreens. A three-tiered approach for the testing of ocular tolerance for such products is described that includes an in vitro test for ocular irritation, an in vitro test for the activation of pain receptors, and finally a clinical study involving ocular instillation of the product under controlled conditions followed by ophthalmologic and subjective self-evaluation on a graded scale. We report the results for a new water-based facial sunscreen (SCFW) with very good ocular tolerance. Methods: The ocular irritation potential of SCFW was determined using the EpiOcular™ human cell construct which constituted the first-tier testing. Briefly, the tissues were exposed to SCFW and appropriate positive and negative controls for 15 minutes to 24 hours. After treatment, the tissues were rinsed and cytotoxicity determined. The calculated ET50 value (time at which relative viability decreased 50%) was then used to determine the ocular irritation potential. In the second-tier testing, the sting potential of SCFW was determined by employing the NociOcular assay that measures the activation of TRPV1 (transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1) specific receptors linked to pain sensation in a neuronal model with over-expression of functional TRPV1 channels. Finally, as the third-tier testing, SCFW was tested in a clinical study with instillation of product into the ocular cul-de-sac and ocular irritation was evaluated after 30 seconds, 15 minutes, and 60 minutes by an ophthalmologist. Participating subjects were also asked to score sensation on a scale of 0 to 3 from slight prickliness to severe stinging. Assay control reference product with known good ocular tolerability (10% baby shampoo) was concurrently tested. Results: In the in vitro topical application assay using the EpiOcular™ construct, no significant cytotoxicity was observed in the tissues exposed to SCFW, indicating minimal ocular irritation potential. In the in vitro NociOcular assay, the cells exposed to the prepared dilutions of SCFW showed minimal TRPV1 specific activity, indicating minimal ocular sting potential. In the in vivo study, no statistically significant differences were found in terms of subjective or objective eye irritation assessment between SCFW and 10% baby shampoo. Conclusion: SCFW showed negligible ocular irritation potential in tier 1, minimal potential to activate pain receptors in tier 2, and good ocular tolerability that was comparable to 10% baby shampoo in tier 3 testing. The results suggest that SCFW has good eye tolerance and that the tiered approach can be used to evaluate facial sunscreens for ocular tolerability.

16.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0215521, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31009493

RESUMO

With the increasing competitiveness in the vine market, coupled with the increasing need for sustainable use of resources, strategies for improving farm management are essential. One such effective strategy is the implementation of precision agriculture techniques. Using photogrammetric techniques, the digitalization of farms based on images acquired from unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) provides information that can assist in the improvement of farm management and decision-making processes. The objective of the present work is to quantify the impact of the pest Jacobiasca lybica on vineyards and to develop representative cartography of the severity of the infestation. To accomplish this work, computational vision algorithms based on an ANN (artificial neural network) combined with geometric techniques were applied to geomatic products using consumer-grade cameras in the visible spectra. The results showed that the combination of geometric and computational vision techniques with geomatic products generated from conventional RGB (red, green, blue) images improved image segmentation of the affected vegetation, healthy vegetation and ground. Thus, the proposed methodology using low-cost cameras is a more cost-effective application of UAVs compared with multispectral cameras. Moreover, the proposed method increases the accuracy of determining the impact of pests by eliminating the soil effects.

17.
PLoS One ; 14(3): e0212742, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30830922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJETIVE: According to the World Health Organization, one out of every four violent workplace acts takes place in the health setting. The aims of the study are to adapt the Healthcare-workers' Aggressive Behavior Scale-Users (HABS-U) to mental health professionals, to establish the frequency of exposure to hostile indicators and to determine which professional group is most exposed. METHOD: Study through qualitative and quantitative methodology in MH professionals of the Region of Murcia (Spain). In the qualitative phase, 12 in-depth interviews were conducted, and during the quantitative phase, the instrument was applied to 359 professionals of Mental Health Services (MHS). RESULTS: Non-medical and nursing staff were found to be the professional group most exposed, as well as Brief Psychiatric Inpatient and Medium-Stay Inpatient Services. CONCLUSION: The resulting scale shows excellent psychometric properties. The distribution of user violence is not homogeneous among the different professional groups of MHS. The adaptation of the scale may be useful to detect user violence, as well as to evaluate the efficacy of intervention programs.


Assuntos
Agressão , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Saúde Mental , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem , Violência no Trabalho , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Espanha
18.
Curr Microbiol ; 76(5): 566-574, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30820638

RESUMO

Burkholderia cenocepacia TAtl-371 was isolated from the rhizosphere of a tomato plant growing in Atlatlahucan, Morelos, Mexico. This strain exhibited a broad antimicrobial spectrum against bacteria, yeast, and fungi. Here, we report and describe the improved, high-quality permanent draft genome of B. cenocepacia TAtl-371, which was sequenced using a combination of PacBio RS and PacBio RS II sequencing methods. The 7,496,106 bp genome of the TAtl-371 strain is arranged in three scaffolds, contains 6722 protein-coding genes, and 99 RNA only-encoding genes. Genome analysis revealed genes related to biosynthesis of antimicrobials such as non-ribosomal peptides, siderophores, chitinases, and bacteriocins. Moreover, analysis of bacterial growth on different carbon and nitrogen sources shows that the strain retains its antimicrobial ability.


Assuntos
Antibiose , Burkholderia cenocepacia/genética , Complexo Burkholderia cepacia , Carbono/metabolismo , Genoma Bacteriano , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Bacteriocinas/genética , Burkholderia cenocepacia/isolamento & purificação , Quitinases/genética , Lycopersicon esculentum/microbiologia , México , Rizosfera , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sideróforos/genética , Microbiologia do Solo
19.
Cell Mol Neurobiol ; 39(3): 435-449, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30771197

RESUMO

Cyclohexane (CHX) is an organic solvent commonly used as a drug-of-abuse. This drug increases the oxidative stress and glial reactivity in the hippocampus, which suggests that this brain region is vulnerable to CHX effects. This study aimed to establish the behavioral changes and the pathological alterations that occur in the Cornu Ammonis 3 (CA3) and Dentate Gyrus (DG) after a long-lasting exposure to CHX. We exposed CD1 mice to a recreational-like dose of CHX (~ 30,000 ppm) for 30 days and explored its consequences in motor skills, reward-seeking behavior, and the CA3 and DG hippocampal subfields. Twenty-four hours after the last administration of CHX, we found a significant decrease in the number of c-Fos+ cells in the hippocampal CA3 and DG regions. This event coincided with an increased in NMDAR1 expression and apoptotic cells in the CA3 region. At day 13th without CHX, we found a persistent reduction in the number of c-Fos+ and TUNEL+ cells in DG. At both time points, the CHX-exposed mice showed a strong overexpression of neuropeptide Y (NPY) in the CA3 stratum lucidum and the hippocampal hilus. In parallel, we used an operant-based task to assess motor performance and operant conditioning learning. The behavioral analysis indicated that CHX did not modify the acquisition of operant conditioning tasks, but affected some motor skills and increased the reward-seeking behavior. Altogether, this evidence reveals that CHX exposure provokes long-lasting changes in the hippocampal subfields, induces motor impairments and increases the motivation-guided behavior. These findings can help understand the deleterious effect of CHX into the adult hippocampus and unveil its potential to trigger addiction-like behaviors.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/patologia , Comportamento Animal , Cicloexanos/administração & dosagem , Hipocampo/patologia , Recompensa , Administração por Inalação , Animais , Região CA3 Hipocampal/metabolismo , Região CA3 Hipocampal/patologia , Contagem de Células , Giro Denteado/metabolismo , Giro Denteado/patologia , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Motivação , Atividade Motora , Neuropeptídeo Y/metabolismo , Postura , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/metabolismo , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo , Reforço (Psicologia) , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
20.
Br J Cancer ; 120(4): 466-471, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30679782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High diet quality may support a metabolic and anti-inflammatory state less conducive to tumour progression. We prospectively investigated diet quality in relation to Gleason grade progression among localised prostate cancer patients on active surveillance, a clinical management strategy of disease monitoring and delayed intervention. METHODS: Men with newly diagnosed Gleason score 6 or 7 prostate cancer enroled on a biennial monitoring regimen. Patients completed a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) at baseline (n = 411) and first 6-month follow-up (n = 263). Cox proportional hazards models were fitted to evaluate multivariable-adjusted associations of diet quality [defined via the Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2015] with Gleason grade progression. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 36 months, 76 men progressed. Following adjustment for clinicopathologic factors, we observed a suggestive inverse association between baseline diet quality and Gleason grade progression [hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the highest vs. the lowest HEI-2015 tertile: 0.59 (0.32-1.08); Ptrend = 0.06]. We observed no associations with diet quality at 6-month follow-up, nor change in diet quality from baseline. CONCLUSIONS: In localised prostate cancer patients on surveillance, higher diet quality or conformance with United States dietary guidelines at enrolment may lower risk of Gleason grade progression, though additional confirmatory research is needed.


Assuntos
Dieta , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA