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1.
An. psicol ; 37(2): 352-360, mayo-sept. 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-202558

RESUMO

El presente estudio bibliométrico tuvo como objetivo conocer y analizar la actividad científica disponible sobre percepción y detección de violencia de género (VG) e identificación como víctimas. Se realizó una búsqueda sin límite temporal en la base de datos Scopus hallando 2.152 documentos. Para reducir el ruido documental de la búsqueda, se cribaron los resultados y se analizaron 974 documentos finales procedentes de 465 fuentes documentales, 160 revistas, 2.758 autores/as, 159 instituciones y 79 países. Los resultados muestran un aumento en la producción en los últimos años, destacando la publicación de artículos originales. Asimismo, predomina la autoría única por país, siendo Estados Unidos el país puntero. Entre los objetivos de los documentos más citados se encuentra la detección de VG por el personal sanitario, la valoración del riesgo de reincidencia mediante la percepción de las víctimas, así como el estudio de percepciones y actitudes de diferentes actores hacia la VG


This bibliometric study seeks to know and analyse the available scientific activity on the perception and detection of gender violence as well as in the identification as victims. An unlimited search was conducted in the Scopus database, finding 2,152 documents. Subsequently, the results were screened by reducing the documentary noise. The results were obtained from 1984-2020 and the final 974 documents were analysed from 465 documentary sources, 160 journals, 2,758 authors, 159 institutions, and 79 countries. The results show an increase in production in recent years, highlighting the publication of original articles. Likewise, the single author-ship per country predominates, being the United States the leading country. The main objectives of the most cited documents are detection of gender violence by healthcare personnel, assessment of the risk of recidivism through the perception of the victims, as well as the study of perceptions and attitudes of different actors towards gender-violence


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Liderança , Estudantes/psicologia , Aspirações Psicológicas , Engajamento no Trabalho , Identidade de Gênero , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Autoavaliação (Psicologia) , Análise Fatorial
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371465

RESUMO

Students suffer from a decrease in physical activity during their education period. This lower level of activity could affect, through various paths, their academic performance, mental health, and satisfaction with life. In these two studies, we assumed that vigor, a positive affect variable, would act as a mediating variable in the above relationship, and thus, we proposed an instrument for evaluating vigor in academic contexts. In Study 1, 707 undergraduates (59.7% women) responded to the vigor scale adapted for students to test factorial validation (through confirmatory factor analysis) and obtain reliability indicators. In Study 2, 309 undergraduates (55.3% women) completed a questionnaire measuring physical activity, mental health, satisfaction with life, vigor, and academic performance to test a structural model of the relationships between the variables to obtain construct validity. A measurement model with three related factors, each representing one dimension of vigor, optimally fit the data, and the reliability indices were adequate (Study 1). Moreover, the mediational model confirmed a complete influence of physical activity on satisfaction with life, academic performance, and mental health levels through students' vigor levels with optimal adjusting values (Study 2). Proposing an instrument such as the Shirom-Melamed Vigor Measure for students allows the opening of a research venue that is focused on the study of positive affects in academic contexts, as well as the testing of the physical activity pathways of action in obtaining positive results.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Estudantes , Universidades , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Front Psychol ; 11: 1609, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32719645

RESUMO

This study aimed to analyze the relationship of both positive socioemotional resources [emotional intelligence (EI) and social support] and negative states (test anxiety and depression) with academic adjustment, as measured by academic performance and self-concept, among Moroccan adolescents. The participants were 845 students from Morocco (372 boys, 473 girls; mean age 15.58 years; SD = 1.69; range = 13-18) who were attending secondary education (79.8%) or high school. The participants completed a questionnaire that included scales to measure the variables of interest, adapted for and validated in Moroccan adolescents. A multiple mediation serial model with four mediator variables confirmed that academic self-concept was positively and directly predicted by EI, academic performance, and social support, whereas test anxiety and depression had a negative effect. Second, EI predicted self-concept through its indirect effects on test anxiety and academic performance, social support, and depression. EI was the most protective factor. This model has good performance in explaining the variation in test anxiety (1.6%), depression (14.2%), social support (9.5%), academic performance (6.8%), and self-concept (35.7%). This study helps clarify the relationship of positive and negative socioemotional states with the academic performance of adolescents in Morocco. This study contributes to the literature by enhancing knowledge of adolescents in societies that, like Morocco, have a less elaborated tradition at these levels of education and that are considering education in their agenda as a way of enhancing national development and promoting EI to allow youth development in a healthier society.

4.
Qual Life Res ; 29(5): 1373-1384, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845166

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study examines the adjustment of different equivalent measurement models for the factorial structures of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), which have shown a good fit to data from the general population. Furthermore, we examine measurement invariance (MI) based on gender and age. METHOD: A total of 1011 Spanish individuals (52.40% female) completed the CD-RISC. RESULTS: The results indicated that the 10-item single-factor model was the only model that fit the data. Significant latent mean differences showed that the levels of resilience among women were significantly lower than those among men. Regarding age, uniform MI was confirmed, showing the homogeneity of the population. CONCLUSIONS: Our exhaustive review of the extant published studies that address factor analyses and gender and age differences demonstrates that the results vary greatly. Furthermore, our model test comparison finds that the 10-item model is the best in the Spanish population. Moreover, men show higher resilience than women, while age is not a decisive variable, most likely showing that life events are more important than these demographic variables.


Assuntos
Psicometria/métodos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Tomada de Decisões , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Teóricos , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
5.
Scand J Psychol ; 60(6): 628-636, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535389

RESUMO

Based on Role Congruity Theory, we tested the hypothesis of gender bias by examining gender differences in observers' evaluations of the awareness and acceptability of workplace incivility gender-dyad interaction. Three hundred and ninety-six Spanish high school students (55.3% female) read one scenario of overt incivility (publicly humiliates and openly doubts the employee's judgment) or covert (omits and pays little attention) from a leader (female vs. male) toward a subordinate (female vs. male) in engineering. Results indicated gender differences among observers. From the leader actor of incivility, males were more aware and accepted less the incivility when performed by a female leader in a male domain; whereas females were more aware and accepted less incivility than males in all cases. Regarding the subordinate target of incivility, only females were more aware and accepted less incivility, and both males and females were more aware and accepted less covert incivility. Our results reveal practical implications for interventions from a gender perspective.


Assuntos
Emprego/psicologia , Incivilidade , Masculinidade , Sexismo , Percepção Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Sexuais , Local de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
6.
Front Psychol ; 10: 1529, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31354568

RESUMO

This study aimed to test a structural model to examine the protective role of psychosocial variables, such as social support, emotional intelligence and their interaction, on the cognitive dimension of subjective positive well-being (life satisfaction) and negative well-being (depression) in Moroccan adolescents. The participants consisted of 1277 students (571 men, 694 women and 12 missing values) with a mean age of 16.15 years (SD = 2.22; range = 9 to 23) who attended 26 public schools in different territories of Morocco. These students were in secondary education (n = 893) and high school (n = 378) (6 missing values). The scales for measuring the variables of interest had to be adapted and validated as a previous step for the further proposal of a model of relations. Statistical analyses were conducted using structural equation modeling (SEM) to test the proposed model. The model that optimally adjusted the data confirmed the protective role of social support in the well-being of Moroccan adolescents. Consistent with previous studies, social support was directly related to well-being. However, it also modulated levels of satisfaction with life. Likewise, the inclusion of emotional intelligence as an additional protective factor contributed to the explanation of the well-being mechanisms in adolescents. In addition to direct associations with the levels of social support, satisfaction with life and depression (negative in the latter case), emotional intelligence participated in a complex chain affecting life satisfaction and life satisfaction affecting depression. Moreover, the interaction of emotional intelligence with social support was confirmed to determine levels of life satisfaction in adolescents. Specifically, social support multiplied the effects of the relationship between satisfaction with life and emotional intelligence in cases of moderate and high levels in Moroccan adolescents. This study fills a gap in the literature by adapting and further analyzing several scales with Moroccan samples of adolescents and by proposing and verifying a relational model that can help researchers and teachers to more precisely clarify these relations according to their context. The enhancement of protective factors, such as social support and emotional intelligence, will promote healthy youth development, thus creating healthier societies in the future.

7.
Eval Health Prof ; 42(2): 219-232, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29020832

RESUMO

Shirom's proposal about engagement focuses on vigor. Under this approach, vigor is considered an affect that mediates the relationship between resources, behaviors, and attitudes related to psychological functioning and health. It is important for occupational health professionals to have adequate measures of this construct. The Shirom-Melamed vigor measure (SMVM) was developed to capture this sense of energy comprising three components (physical strength, emotional energy, and cognitive liveliness). In the absence of a Spanish version of the SMVM, our aim is to perform a cultural adaptation and to further analyze its psychometric properties. In Study 1, we culturally adapt the SMVM in Spanish samples. It incorporates a careful development of a three-step procedure according to the International Test Commission and qualitative analyses to ensure a consensus version. Twenty-six individuals were involved. In Study 2, the responses of 203 workers from different organizations show the validity and reliability of the instrument. Confirmatory factor analyses yield a model with three interrelated dimensions showing good fit indices. Furthermore, concurrent validity is demonstrated. Finally, we discuss the usefulness of the SMVM for occupational health professionals.


Assuntos
Psicometria/métodos , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Adulto , Características Culturais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Food Res Int ; 108: 440-454, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29735078

RESUMO

The present paper focuses on the problems that arise in food classification systems (FCSs), especially when the food product type has different levels or grades of quality. Despite the principal function of these systems being to assist the consumer (to inform, clarify and facilitate choice and purchase), they frequently have the opposite effect. Thus, the main aim of the present research involves providing orientations for the design of effective food classification systems. To address this objective, considering the context of food product consumption (related to heuristic processing), we conducted an experimental study with 720 participants. We analysed the usefulness of heuristic elements by a factorial 2 (category length: short and long) × 3 (visual signs: colours, numbers and images) design in relation to recall and recognition activities. The results showed that the elements used to make the classification more effective for consumers vary depending on whether the user seeks to prioritize the recall or the recognition of product categories. Thus, long categories with images significantly improve recognition, and short categories with colours improve recall. A series of recommendations are provided that can help to enhance FCSs and to make them more intuitive and easier to understand for consumers. Implications with regard to theory and practice are discussed.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor , Rotulagem de Alimentos/classificação , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Heurística , Terminologia como Assunto , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Rememoração Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estimulação Luminosa , Reconhecimento Psicológico , Percepção Visual , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Gen Psychol ; 145(2): 120-133, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29768128

RESUMO

Despite previous evidence showing a positive relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and quality of life (QoL), associating older adults' emotional processing with several health indicators, few studies have explored both the IE and the a mechanisms through which they affect QoL. This cross-sectional study analyzes the mediator role of optimistic and pessimistic cognitive styles in the relationship between perceived EI (PEI) and QoL in 115 institutionalized older adults from Southern Spain. Regression analyses showed, after controlling for cognitive style, that PEI predicted a significant percentage of variance in: Health (ß = .25, p < .01), Functional abilities (ß = .20, p < .05), Activity and leisure (ß = .17, p < .05) and Life satisfaction (ß = .21, p < .05). Additionally, multiple mediation analysis revealed that cognitive style partially mediated the relationship between PEI and Health, Activity and leisure and Life satisfaction. Thus, PEI could promote personal but not external or environmental QoL aspects, highlighting the importance of developing emotional skills for healthy aging.


Assuntos
Cognição/fisiologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Institucionalização , Personalidade , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfação Pessoal , Espanha
10.
Span J Psychol ; 20: E59, 2017 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29081325

RESUMO

Unemployment has negative but also positive effects on mental health and general well-being depending on which coping strategies the individual use. Our aim was to determine the contribution of core self-evaluations in explaining the coping strategies of job search and job devaluation, as well as to test the potential moderation effect of job search and mediation effect of job devaluation on the relationship between self core-evaluations and both positive and negative experience of unemployment. One hundred seventy-eight individuals who lost their jobs involuntarily for a longer period than one month completed a questionnaire while attending to employment office. Results show that there is a significant relation between core-self evaluations and job devaluation (.37**). Furthermore, core-self evaluations were positively related to positive experience of unemployment (r = .31; p < .01) and negatively related to negative experience of unemployment (r = .60; p < .01). Moreover, self-core evaluations predicted both coping with unemployment strategies (job devaluation; ß = .26; p < .01 and job search ß = .19; p < .05). However, job search did not moderate the relationship between core self-evaluations and experience of unemployment. But, individuals with a longer duration of the current period of unemployment and higher core self-evaluations had a more positive experience of unemployment, and job devaluation partially mediated this relation (SE = .002; p = .038). These results imply that programs interventions should include the improvement of core self-evaluations and the positive experience of unemployed people.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Autoavaliação (Psicologia) , Desemprego/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espanha
11.
Span. j. psychol ; 20: 59.1-59.11, 2017. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-167293

RESUMO

Unemployment has negative but also positive effects on mental health and general well-being depending on which coping strategies the individual use. Our aim was to determine the contribution of core self-evaluations in explaining the coping strategies of job search and job devaluation, as well as to test the potential moderation effect of job search and mediation effect of job devaluation on the relationship between self core-evaluations and both positive and negative experience of unemployment. One hundred seventy-eight individuals who lost their jobs involuntarily for a longer period than one month completed a questionnaire while attending to employment office. Results show that there is a significant relation between core-self evaluations and job devaluation (.37**). Furthermore, core-self evaluations were positively related to positive experience of unemployment (r = .31; p < .01) and negatively related to negative experience of unemployment (r = .60; p < .01). Moreover, self-core evaluations predicted both coping with unemployment strategies (job devaluation; β = .26; p < .01 and job search β = .19; p < .05). However, job search did not moderate the relationship between core self-evaluations and experience of unemployment. But, individuals with a longer duration of the current period of unemployment and higher core self-evaluations had a more positive experience of unemployment, and job devaluation partially mediated this relation (SE = .002; p = .038). These results imply that programs interventions should include the improvement of core self-evaluations and the positive experience of unemployed people (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autoavaliação (Psicologia) , Desemprego/psicologia , Desemprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicologia Industrial/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Saúde do Trabalhador/normas , Saúde Mental , Análise de Regressão
12.
Index enferm ; 25(3): 215-219, jul.-sept. 2016. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-158194

RESUMO

Objetivo principal: En este trabajo analizamos la influencia que tiene la Inteligencia Emocional Percibida (IEP) sobre los estresores ocupacionales y el bienestar psicológico, en estudiantes de Enfermería durante su periodo de prácticas clínicas. Metodología: Este estudio es descriptivo, transversal y basado en autoinformes. Un total de 127 estudiantes de Enfermería que realizaban sus prácticas en centros de salud y hospitales completaron, en el momento en que realizaban sus prácticas clínicas, una batería de cuestionarios que medían IEP, estresores ocupacionales específicos al ámbito de la Enfermería y bienestar psicológico. La selección se realizó en el periodo en que atendían a clases teóricas en la Universidad. Resultados principales: La atención a las emociones es el principal predictor del estrés ocupacional durante el periodo de prácticas. Por otra parte, son la claridad emocional y la regulación las dimensiones que predicen el bienestar psicológico. En conjunto, la atención a las emociones y la regulación emocional explican la varianza de 5 sobre 9 fuentes de estrés durante las prácticas clínicas. En concreto, contacto con el sufrimiento, incapacidad para controlar la relación con el paciente, pacientes que buscan relaciones íntimas, implicación emocional y sobrecarga laboral. Asimismo, la claridad emocional y la regulación explican conjuntamente, parte de la varianza de las dimensiones de bienestar psicológico. Conclusión principal: Los niveles de Inteligencia Emocional ayudan a los estudiantes de Enfermería a afrontar mucho mejor las situaciones estresantes del trabajo. Estos resultados son muy importantes puesto que la inclusión de programas de entrenamiento en inteligencia emocional ayudaría a preparar a los futuros enfermeros ante los estresores ocupacionales, propios de su trabajo, y a afrontarlos adecuadamente


Objective: In this paper we analyze the influence of Perceived Emotional Intelligence (PEI) on occupational stressors and psychological well-being of nursing students during their clinical practice. Methods: This study is descriptive, cross-sectional and self-report based. A total of 127 nursing students, enrolled in their clinical practices in health settings, completed a set of questionnaires measuring PEI, occupational stressors in clinical practices, and psychological well-being. They were selected when they attended the university at theoretical classes, by convenience sampling. Results: Our results show that emotional attention was the main predictor for occupational stress during clinical practices, whereas emotional clarity and repair predicted psychological well-being. Taken together, emotional attention and emotional repair have partly accounted for the variance of five out of nine sources of job stress during clinical practice. Specifically, contact with suffering, inability to control relations with the patient, emotional involvement, patients seeking an intimate relation and workload. Also, the clarity and emotional repair accounted for part of the variance in the dimensions of psychological well-being. Conclusions: These findings are important to prepare future nurses to face and to cope with occupational stressors


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação em Enfermagem/tendências , Estágio Clínico , Inteligência Emocional , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Autorrelato
13.
Span J Psychol ; 19: E7, 2016 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26936220

RESUMO

This study analyzes the role of Perceived Emotional Intelligence (PEI) on sources of job stress and mental health in 250 elementary school teachers from Jaén (Spain). The aim of the study was two-fold: (1) to analyze the associations between Perceived Emotional Intelligence (PEI), sources of occupational stress and mental health; and (2) to determine whether PEI moderates the relationship between sources of occupational stress and mental health. An initial sample of 250 teachers was assessed Three questionnaires, the Trait Meta-Mood Scale, the Sources of Stress Scale in Teachers and the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form Health Survey, were used to evaluate PEI, sources of occupational stress and mental health, respectively. Teachers with higher levels of emotional attention reported lower levels of mental health (r = -.30; p < .001), while teachers showing high emotional clarity reported better emotional role (r = .14; p < .05) and social functioning (r = .15; p < .05). Moreover, PEI components moderate the relationship between sources of occupational stress and emotional role. Specifically, each significant interaction (i.e., deficiencies x attention, adaptation x attention, and adaptation x clarity) made a small and unique contribution in the explanation of emotional role (all p < .05, all sr 2 ∼ .02). Finally, our results imply that PEI is an important moderator of teachers´ occupational stressors on mental health.


Assuntos
Inteligência Emocional , Saúde Mental , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Professores Escolares/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Span. j. psychol ; 19: e7.1-e7.10, 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-149693

RESUMO

This study analyzes the role of Perceived Emotional Intelligence (PEI) on sources of job stress and mental health in 250 elementary school teachers from Jaén (Spain). The aim of the study was two-fold: (1) to analyze the associations between Perceived Emotional Intelligence (PEI), sources of occupational stress and mental health; and (2) to determine whether PEI moderates the relationship between sources of occupational stress and mental health. An initial sample of 250 teachers was assessed Three questionnaires, the Trait Meta-Mood Scale, the Sources of Stress Scale in Teachers and the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form Health Survey, were used to evaluate PEI, sources of occupational stress and mental health, respectively. Teachers with higher levels of emotional attention reported lower levels of mental health (r = -.30; p < .001), while teachers showing high emotional clarity reported better emotional role (r = .14; p < .05) and social functioning (r = .15; p < .05). Moreover, PEI components moderate the relationship between sources of occupational stress and emotional role. Specifically, each significant interaction (i.e., deficiencies x attention, adaptation x attention, and adaptation x clarity) made a small and unique contribution in the explanation of emotional role (all p < .05, all sr2 ∼ .02). Finally, our results imply that PEI is an important moderator of teachers' occupational stressors on mental health (AU)


No dispoinble


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Inteligência Emocional , Saúde Mental , Professores Escolares/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia
15.
Int J Psychol ; 50(3): 215-22, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25044069

RESUMO

This study explores the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a sample of Spanish older adults who are institutionalised in long-term care (LTC) facilities. One hundred fifteen institutionalised individuals (47.82% women; 88.3 ± 7.9 years) from southern Spain completed a set of questionnaires that included measures of EI, health and personality. Data were analysed via hierarchical regression. After controlling for personality and sociodemographic variables, the EI dimensions, emotional comprehension and emotional facilitation, accounted for part of the variance in several HRQoL facets. These dimensions could have an important role in the HRQoL of residents in LTC. Moreover, the use of a performance measure addresses the limitations of previous studies that have relied on self-report measures. These aspects underscore the importance of the results of this study.


Assuntos
Inteligência Emocional , Institucionalização , Personalidade , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Emoções , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Span. j. psychol ; 17: e49.1-e49.9, ene.-dic. 2014. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-130461

RESUMO

Migration is a normal process of people seeking new opportunities, work, or leisure in societies. The way people adapt to a new country (acculturation) is a complex process in which immigrants’ evaluations about the culture of origin and their perceptions of the host country interact. The combination of these two factors produces four types of acculturation: separation, assimilation, integration, and marginalization. Several variables, such as personality, attitudes, and emotional intelligence, have been studied to help explain this process. However, the impact of a culture of honor and its interaction with other variables remains an open question that may help to explain how migrants can better adjust to their host culture. In this study, we examine the influence of the culture of honor (social) and emotional intelligence (individual) on acculturation. In a sample of 129 Moroccan women (mean age = 29, SD = 9.40) immigrants in Spain (mean time in Spain = 6 years, SD = 3.60), we investigated the relations among the variables of interest. Our results show that no significant differences emerged in the scores given for culture of honor (CH) and the acculturation strategies of the Moroccan immigrant women F(3, 99) = .233; p = .87. However women who preferred the integration strategy scored highest on emotional intelligence (EI), whereas the assimilated immigrants showed the lowest scores for EI F(3, 92) = 4.63; p = .005. Additionally, only in the case of integration does EI mediate between CH and the value given to the immigrant’s own and host cultures (p <.001) (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Migração Humana/tendências , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia , Aculturação , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Marginalização Social/psicologia , Personalidade/fisiologia , Integração Comunitária/psicologia , Atividades de Lazer/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Marrocos/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise de Variância
17.
Span J Psychol ; 17: E49, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25012470

RESUMO

Migration is a normal process of people seeking new opportunities, work, or leisure in societies. The way people adapt to a new country (acculturation) is a complex process in which immigrants' evaluations about the culture of origin and their perceptions of the host country interact. The combination of these two factors produces four types of acculturation: separation, assimilation, integration, and marginalization. Several variables, such as personality, attitudes, and emotional intelligence, have been studied to help explain this process. However, the impact of a culture of honor and its interaction with other variables remains an open question that may help to explain how migrants can better adjust to their host culture. In this study, we examine the influence of the culture of honor (social) and emotional intelligence (individual) on acculturation. In a sample of 129 Moroccan women (mean age = 29, SD = 9.40) immigrants in Spain (mean time in Spain = 6 years, SD = 3.60), we investigated the relations among the variables of interest. Our results show that no significant differences emerged in the scores given for culture of honor (CH) and the acculturation strategies of the Moroccan immigrant women F(3, 99) = .233; p = .87. However women who preferred the integration strategy scored highest on emotional intelligence (EI), whereas the assimilated immigrants showed the lowest scores for EI F(3, 92) = 4.63; p = .005. Additionally, only in the case of integration does EI mediate between CH and the value given to the immigrant's own and host cultures (p <.001).


Assuntos
Aculturação , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional/fisiologia , Princípios Morais , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Marrocos/etnologia , Espanha/etnologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Psicol. conduct ; 21(3): 563-579, sept.-dic. 2013. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-119100

RESUMO

Se analizó la adherencia al tratamiento y la calidad de vida en personas alérgicas, así como su relación con variables personales como optimismo e inteligencia emocional y variables sociodemográficas. Sesenta personas (50% hombres) que padecen de alergia y que cuentan con un tratamiento farmacológico (edad media 34,46; DT= 9,84; rango: 20-50 años) contestaron a una batería de instrumentos sobre las variables de análisis. Nuestros resultados muestran que el optimismo predice la adherencia al tratamiento y la calidad de vida, mientras que la comprensión de las emociones (un componente de la inteligencia emocional) predice la adherencia al tratamiento y la calidad de vida total y física en alérgicos. También se producen efectos significativos de la interacción entre optimismo e inteligencia emocional. No se producen diferencias en función de las variables sociodemográficas (sexo, edad y nivel de estudios)


We analyzed the impact that personal variables (optimism and emotional intelligence) have on adherence and quality of life in people with allergies. We also analyzed their relationship with socio-demographic variables. Sixty people (50% men) who suffer from allergies and undergo a drug treatment (mean age 34.46, SD= 9.84, range: 20-50 years) completed a battery of instruments measuring the variables of interest. Our results show that optimism predicts adherence and quality of life, whereas understanding of emotions (a component of emotional intelligence) predicts adherence and quality of life (physical and global). Furthermore, three are significant effects of the interaction between optimism and emotional intelligence. There are no differences by sex, age and level of studies


Assuntos
Humanos , Inteligência Emocional , Adesão à Medicação/psicologia , Hipersensibilidade/psicologia , Antialérgicos/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Perfil de Impacto da Doença
19.
Interv. psicosoc. (Internet) ; 22(2): 115-123, ago. 2013. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-123098

RESUMO

El principal objetivo del presente trabajo es comprobar si el Programa Emocional para Presos por Violencia de Género (Rodríguez-Espartal, 2012) resulta más eficaz que el tratamiento cognitivo-conductual o la ausencia de tratamiento en hombres presos por violencia contra las mujeres. Participaron 36 presos por delitos de violencia de género que cumplen condena en la Prisión Provincial Jaén II, distribuidos en tres grupos en función del tratamiento: cognitivo-conductual (n = 11), emocional (n = 13) y control (n = 12). La eficacia del tratamiento se midió por los resultados en una serie de variables cognitivo conductuales: pensamientos distorsionados sobre la mujer y sobre el uso de la violencia, expectativas de cambio, agresividad, ira, impulsividad y etapas de cambio. Los resultados muestran un mayor descenso de los pensamientos distorsionados sobre la mujer y sobre el uso de la violencia y unas mayores expectativas de cambio en aquellos hombres que han recibido el tratamiento emocional. Respecto al resto de variables, no se ha producido ningún cambio en los hombres que han recibido tratamiento, pero sí un aumento de resultados negativos en el grupo control. Los resultados subrayan la necesidad de realizar programas de intervención con maltratadores, así como de seleccionar el tratamiento más adecuado a las características de estos hombres (AU)


The main objective of this research was to analyze whether the Program for Prisoners for Emotional Domestic Violence (Rodríguez-Espartal, 2012) is more effective than cognitive-behavioral treatment or no treatment in inmates imprisoned for violence against women. Participants were 36 male imprisoned for crimes related to violence against women in the Provincial Prison of Jaén II, divided into three groups according to treatment: cognitive-behavioral therapy (n = 11), emotional (n = 13), and control (n = 12). The efficacy of treatment was measured by its influence on a series of cognitive behavioral variables: distorted thoughts about women and the use of violence, expectations about change, aggression, anger, impulsivity, and stages of change. There was a greater decrease in distorted thoughts about women and the use of violence and an increase in the expectations about change in inmates who received emotional treatment. No change was found in other variables among inmates receiving treatment but there was an increase in negative results in the control group. Our results highlight the need for batterer intervention programs and to select the treatment that best fits the characteristics of these men (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Psicoterapia Racional-Emotiva/métodos , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/psicologia , Violência contra a Mulher , Cônjuges/psicologia , Motivação , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Avaliação de Resultado de Intervenções Terapêuticas , Emoções Manifestas , Pensamento , Comportamento Impulsivo
20.
Scand J Psychol ; 54(5): 407-14, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23786638

RESUMO

This paper analyzes whether emotional intelligence and self-monitoring are related to empathy among a sample of workers in both the public and private employment sectors. Two hundred and forty-two employees (42.5% men and 57.5% women) with a mean age of 35.21 years (SD = 10.07, range 18-61) completed a questionnaire that measured the variables of interest. The results showed that emotion regulation, a dimension of emotional intelligence, accounts for most of the variance of empathy, followed by the ability to understand emotions and the management of others' emotions. Furthermore, gender did not yield any moderator effect on the relations among emotional intelligence, self-monitoring and empathy. We conclude that the intrapersonal aspects of emotional intelligence, in particular, emotion regulation, help explain the empathy of workers. The implications of these findings are discussed herein.


Assuntos
Inteligência Emocional , Emoções , Empatia , Comportamento Social , Percepção Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Emprego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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