Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 102
Filtrar
1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19745, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611210

RESUMO

Radioembolization is a valuable therapeutic option in patients with unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. The essential implementation of the absorbed dose calculation methods should take into account also the specific tumor radiosensitivity, expressed by the α parameter. Purpose of this study was to retrospectively calculate it in a series of patients with unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma submitted to radioembolization. Twenty-one therapeutic procedures in 15 patients were analysed. Tumor absorbed doses were calculated processing the post-therapeutic 90Y-PET/CT images and the pre-treatment contrast-enhanced CT scans. Tumor absorbed dose and pre- and post-treatment tumor volumes were used to calculate α and α3D parameters (dividing targeted liver in n voxels of the same volume with specific voxel absorbed dose). A tumor volume reduction was observed after treatment. The median of tumor average absorbed dose was 93 Gy (95% CI 81-119) and its correlation with the residual tumor mass was statistically significant. The median of α and α3D parameters was 0.005 Gy-1 (95% CI 0.004-0.008) and 0.007 Gy-1 (95% CI 0.005-0.015), respectively. Multivariate analysis showed tumor volume and tumor absorbed dose as significant predictors of the time to tumor progression. The knowledge of radiobiological parameters gives the possibility to decide the administered activity in order to improve the outcome of the treatment.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643695

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Only few studies compared the surgical morbidity and mortality of thoracoscopic segmentectomy versus lobectomy for non-small-cell lung cancer, in particular, by relating the segmental resections with the corresponding anatomical lobes. METHODS: We enrolled a total of 7487 patients who underwent VATS lobectomy (7269) or segmentectomy (218) from January 2014 to July 2019. A propensity score matching approach was used to account for potential confounding factors between the 2 groups. After matching, 349 lobectomies and 208 segmentectomies were included in the analysis. We analysed the operative and postoperative outcomes of video-assisted anatomical segmentectomy compared with video-assisted lobectomy and, in details, the results of segmentectomy with its corresponding lobectomy in a large cohort of patients from the Italian VATS Group Registry. RESULTS: The overall conversion rate to thoracotomy was not statistically different between the groups (27 patients 8% vs 7 patients 3%, P = 0.1). The lobectomy group had a greater number of resected lymph nodes (median 11 vs 8, P = 0.006). No significant differences were detected in 30-day mortality (1.4%, 5 patients vs 0.9%, 2 patients), overall complications (18%, 62 patients vs 14%, 29 patients) and prolonged air leakage (31 patients, 9% vs 12 patients, 6%) between lobectomy and segmentectomy, respectively. No statistical differences were found regarding the median duration of drainage (3.2 days, P = 1) and the overall median length of hospital stay (6.4 days, P = 0.1) between the 2 groups. In the context of segmentectomy versus corresponding lobectomy, the right upper lobectomy compared with right upper segmentectomy showed a higher number of resected lymph nodes (P = 0.027). No statistical differences were reported in terms of conversion rate and postoperative complication and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Segmentectomy could be considered a safe procedure without significant differences compared to thoracoscopic lobectomy in terms of postoperative morbidity and mortality.

3.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523000

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We sought to derive and validate a prediction model of survival and recurrence among Western patients undergoing resection of gastric cancer. METHODS: Patients who underwent curative-intent surgery for gastric cancer at seven US institutions and a major Italian center from 2000 to 2020 were included. Variables included in the multivariable Cox models were identified using an automated model selection procedure based on an algorithm. Best models were selected using the Bayesian information criterion (BIC). The performance of the models was internally cross-validated via the bootstrap resampling procedure. Discrimination was evaluated using the Harrell's Concordance Index and accuracy was evaluated using calibration plots. Nomograms were made available as online tools. RESULTS: Overall, 895 patients met inclusion criteria. Age (hazard ratio [HR] 1.47, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.17-1.84), presence of preoperative comorbidities (HR 1.66, 95% CI 1.14-2.41), lymph node ratio (LNR; HR 1.72, 95% CI 1.42-2.01), and lymphovascular invasion (HR 1.81, 95% CI 1.33-2.45) were associated with overall survival (OS; all p < 0.01), whereas tumor location (HR 1.93, 95% CI 1.23-3.02), T category (Tis-T1 vs. T3: HR 0.31, 95% CI 0.14-0.66), LNR (HR 1.82, 95% CI 1.45-2.28), and lymphovascular invasion (HR 1.49; 95% CI 1.01-2.22) were associated with disease-free survival (DFS; all p < 0.05) The models demonstrated good discrimination on internal validation relative to OS (C-index 0.70) and DFS (C-index 0.74). CONCLUSIONS: A web-based nomograms to predict OS and DFS among gastric cancer patients following resection demonstrated good accuracy and discrimination and good performance on internal validation.

5.
World J Surg ; 45(11): 3449-3457, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adult, benign, non-iatrogenic bronchoesophageal fistula (BEF) is a rare condition, which is occasionally described in single case reports. Therefore, little is known about its possible causes, presentation and management. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature in MEDLINE, PubMed Central and EMBASE databases between 1990 and 2020 was carried out to identify all cases of BEF. The initial database search identified 19,452 articles, of which 183 (251 individual patient cases) were included in the final analysis. RESULTS: Main causes of BEF were congenital malformations (97/251, 38.7%) and infections (82/251, 32.7%), while 33/251 (13.1%) fistulae were regarded as idiopathic and 39/251 (15.5%) attributed to other causes. Esophagograpy was the most sensitive method of diagnosis (97.4%) compared with esophagoscopy (78.9%), computed tomography (49.6%) and bronchoscopy (46.0%). Definitive treatment was surgical for 176 patients (70%), endoscopic for 25 (10%) and medical for 37 (14.7%). Compared with congenital BEFs, infective BEFs had shorter median symptom duration and were distributed more proximally over the bronchial tree. Definitive treatment was almost only surgical for congenital BEFs, while infective BEFs were treated also endoscopically (12%) and by medical therapy (38%). Morbidity, treatment failure and recurrence rates were higher for infective BEFs. CONCLUSIONS: BEFs are rare. Symptoms are non-specific and a high index of suspicion is necessary for diagnosis. Patients with infective BEF tend to have a more severe clinical picture than those with congenital BEF. Surgery is the main treatment for patients affected by congenital BEF, while infective BEFs may heal conservatively.

6.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371876

RESUMO

The present study aimed to provide a descriptive analysis of the nutrient profile of ultra-processed foods (UPFs) marketed in Italy according to three front-of-pack labeling (FOPL) schemes implemented by France, i.e., the Nutriscore; by the United Kingdom, i.e., Multiple Traffic Lights (MTL); and by Italy, i.e., the NutrInform battery. The analysis was made in fourteen food product categories, corresponding to 124 foods. The application of the Nutriscore scheme showed that a significant proportion of foods (23%) were awarded an A or B. Furthermore, the analysis according to the MTL showed that food products that were above the threshold ("red") for fat, saturated fats, sugars, and salt ranged from 13% to 31%. Interestingly, even though all foods considered in the analysis were UPF, they were heterogeneous in nutritional composition, as demonstrated by the FOPL schemes applied, showing that UPF represent a heterogeneous group of foods with different characteristics. Such a finding may have relevant implications for epidemiological studies that analyze the association between UPF consumption and health outcomes, suggesting the need for better characterization of the effects of UPF intake on human health.


Assuntos
Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor , Fast Foods/análise , Manipulação de Alimentos , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Valor Nutritivo , Recomendações Nutricionais , Comportamento do Consumidor , Humanos , Itália
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353616

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: For small-sized recipients of lung transplantation, the time span for organ reception from standard donors is generally longer than for normal-sized patients. Despite its underuse, lobar reduction may be a concrete option for these patients. This study aims to assess early and long-term outcomes associated with lobar reduction in lung transplantation. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 608 consecutive lung transplantations at 2 centers between January 2005 and August 2019 (559 standard lung transplantations [standard transplantation] and 49 with lobar reduction [lung transplantation group]). A propensity-score weighting approach was used to account for potential confounding related to patients' nonrandom allocation to the 2 intervention groups. The effects of the intervention on postoperative outcomes were assessed with a weighted regression approach. RESULTS: The propensity score was estimated on 571 patients (522 in standard transplantation group and 49 in lung transplantation group). In terms of early outcomes, the lung transplantation group showed a higher percentage of severe primary graft dysfunction at 0 hours and reported longer intensive care unit stay than the standard transplantation group. No other differences in terms of morbidity, mortality, mechanical ventilation time, hospital stay, and anastomotic complications were observed. Although the lung transplantation group showed worse long-term pulmonary function, the 2 populations had comparable survival outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: The use of lobar reduction showed early and long-term results comparable to those after standard lung transplantation. Although a higher rate of early severe primary graft dysfunction and slightly reduced respiratory function were detected in the lobar group, these did not affect patients' morbidity and survival.

8.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The surgical management of retroperitoneal sarcomas frequently involves complex multivisceral resections, however retroperitoneal liposarcoma (LPS) rarely invade major abdominal vessels. The aim of the study was to assess association of major vascular resections with outcome of primary LPS. METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent resection at our institutions for primary LPS between 2002 and 2019 were included. A propensity matched analysis was performed, adjusting the groups for the variables of Sarculator, to assess the effect of vascular resection on oncological outcomes. RESULTS: Overall 425 patients were identified. Twenty-four (5%) patients had vascular resection. At final pathology 18 patients had vascular infiltration, 2 vascular encasement and 4 involvement without infiltration. Vascular resection was associated with longer operative time (480' vs. 330'; p < 0.001) and greater need for transfusions (4 vs. 0 units; p < 0.001), and was burdened by a higher rate of major complications (54% vs. 25%; p = 0.002). After propensity matched analysis, patients undergoing vascular resection had a lower 5-year OS (60% vs. 81%; p = 0.05), and a higher incidence of local and distant recurrence at 5 years (local: 45% vs. 24%, p = 0.05; distant: 20% vs. 0%, p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Vascular resection is feasible and safe even in the context of multivisceral resection for primary retroperitoneal liposarcomas, although associated to a higher complication rate. However, the independent association between vascular involvement and a higher risk of local recurrence, distant metastases and death may imply a more aggressive biology, which should be factored in the initial management of this complex disease.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444637

RESUMO

The present study aimed to analyze sleep quality and quality of Life (QoL) in patients undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI). It was conducted at the Interventional Cardiology Unit of the Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Sciences and Public Health of the University of Padova on 27 adult patients who underwent TAVI via the transfemoral approach. Patients completed two validated instruments, i.e., the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the EuroQoL (EQ-5D-5L), on the day of discharge and one month after the hospital discharge. Twenty-seven patients were enrolled with a severe aortic stenosis diagnosis, treated with transfemoral TAVI procedure. The study population included seventeen poor sleepers and ten good sleepers with a median age of 81.92 years overall. The global PSQI evaluation revealed a small significant improvement at follow-up (p-value 0.007). Small positive changes were detected in the Self-care and Usual activity domains of the EQ-5D-5L and the EQ-VAS. No correlation was detected between EQ-5D-5L and sleep quality. The present study confirms the importance of sleep quality monitoring in patients who undergo TAVI procedure for aortic stenosis treatment.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Sono , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Wound Manag Prev ; 67(4): 24-34, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stomal and peristomal skin complications represent a significant burden on the physical and psychological well-being of patients. PURPOSE: To develop a predictive tool for identifying the risk of complications in patients following ostomy surgery. METHODS: The oStomY regiSTry prEdictive ModelIng outCome (SYSTEMIC) project was developed to improve patient-oriented outcomes. Demographic, medical history, and stoma-related variables were obtained from patients at the wound ostomy clinic of the University Hospital of Padova, Italy. A follow-up assessment was completed 30 days after stoma surgery. Two (2) Bayesian machine learning approaches (naïve Bayes) were carried out to define an automatic peristomal complication predictive tool. A sensitivity analysis was performed to evaluate the possible effects of the prior choices on naïve Bayes performance. RESULTS: The algorithms were based on preliminary data from 52 patients (28 [53.3%] had a colostomy and 24 [46.7%] had an ileostomy). In terms of postoperative complications, no significant differences were observed between patients with different body mass indices (P = .16), those who underwent elective surgery compared with those who underwent emergency surgery (P = .66), and those who had or had not been preoperatively sited (P = .44). The algorithms showed an overall moderate ability to correctly classify patients according to the presence of peristomal complications (accuracy of nearly 70% in both models). In the the data-driven prior model, the probability of developing complications was greater for  participants with malignancies or other diseases (0.3314 for both levels) than for patients with diverticula and bowel perforation (0.1453) or inflammatory bowel disease (0.1918). CONCLUSION: The development of an easy-to-use algorithm may help nonspecialized nurses evaluate the likelihood of future peristomal complications in patients with an ostomy and implement preemptive measures.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302165

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective multicentre study was to investigate and compare clinical outcomes of unilateral and bilateral antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) strategies on cerebral protection during surgery for type A aortic dissection. METHODS: Data from 646 patients who underwent surgical repair of thoracic type A aortic dissection using unilateral and bilateral ACP with moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest in 3 cardiac surgical institutions between 2008 and 2018 were analysed. Propensity matching was performed to assess which technique ensured better outcomes. RESULTS: Unilateral and bilateral ACP techniques were performed in 250 (39%) and in 396 (61%) patients, respectively. Propensity score analysis identified 189 matched pairs. In the matched cohort, the lowest core temperature was 27.5°C and 28°C in the bilateral and unilateral groups, respectively (P < 0.001). The unilateral technique required significantly shorter aortic cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass times than bilateral technique [82 min vs 100 min (P < 0.001); 170 min vs 195 min (P < 0.001)]. The 30-day mortality was comparable (P = 0.325). The bilateral group reported a significantly higher incidence of permanent neurologic deficits (P < 0.001), left brain hemisphere stroke (P = 0.007) and all-combined complications (P < 0.001). Ten-year survival was comparable (P = 0.45). CONCLUSIONS: Unilateral and bilateral ACP are both valid brain protection strategies in the landscape of aortic arch surgery. While admitting all the study limitations, unilateral technique could offer some clinical advantages. CLINICAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: 76049.

12.
J Clin Oncol ; 39(23): 2617-2631, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197182

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the prevalence of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of HRD in PDAC from PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases, and online cancer genomic data sets. The main outcome was pooled prevalence of somatic and germline mutations in the better characterized HRD genes (BRCA1, BRCA2, PALB2, ATM, ATR, CHEK2, RAD51, and the FANC genes). The secondary outcomes were prevalence of germline mutations overall, and in sporadic and familial cases; prevalence of germline BRCA1/2 mutations in Ashkenazi Jewish (AJ); and prevalence of HRD based on other definitions (ie, alterations in other genes, genomic scars, and mutational signatures). Random-effects modeling with the Freeman-Tukey transformation was used for the analyses. PROSPERO registration number: (CRD42020190813). RESULTS: Sixty studies with 21,842 participants were included in the systematic review and 57 in the meta-analysis. Prevalence of germline and somatic mutations was BRCA1: 0.9%, BRCA2: 3.5%, PALB2: 0.2%, ATM: 2.2%, CHEK2: 0.3%, FANC: 0.5%, RAD51: 0.0%, and ATR: 0.1%. Prevalence of germline mutations was BRCA1: 0.9% (2.4% in AJ), BRCA2: 3.8% (8.2% in AJ), PALB2: 0.2%, ATM: 2%, CHEK2: 0.3%, and FANC: 0.4%. No significant differences between sporadic and familial cases were identified. HRD prevalence ranged between 14.5%-16.5% through targeted next-generation sequencing and 24%-44% through whole-genome or whole-exome sequencing allowing complementary genomic analysis, including genomic scars and other signatures (surrogate markers of HRD). CONCLUSION: Surrogate readouts of HRD identify a greater proportion of patients with HRD than analyses limited to gene-level approaches. There is a clear need to harmonize HRD definitions and to validate the optimal biomarker for treatment selection. Universal HRD screening including integrated somatic and germline analysis should be offered to all patients with PDAC.

13.
Crit Care ; 25(1): 263, 2021 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pathophysiological features of coronavirus disease 2019-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (COVID-19 ARDS) were indicated to be somewhat different from those described in nonCOVID-19 ARDS, because of relatively preserved compliance of the respiratory system despite marked hypoxemia. We aim ascertaining whether respiratory system static compliance (Crs), driving pressure (DP), and tidal volume normalized for ideal body weight (VT/kg IBW) at the 1st day of controlled mechanical ventilation are associated with intensive care unit (ICU) mortality in COVID-19 ARDS. METHODS: Observational multicenter cohort study. All consecutive COVID-19 adult patients admitted to 25 ICUs belonging to the COVID-19 VENETO ICU network (February 28th-April 28th, 2020), who received controlled mechanical ventilation, were screened. Only patients fulfilling ARDS criteria and with complete records of Crs, DP and VT/kg IBW within the 1st day of controlled mechanical ventilation were included. Crs, DP and VT/kg IBW were collected in sedated, paralyzed and supine patients. RESULTS: A total of 704 COVID-19 patients were screened and 241 enrolled. Seventy-one patients (29%) died in ICU. The logistic regression analysis showed that: (1) Crs was not linearly associated with ICU mortality (p value for nonlinearity = 0.01), with a greater risk of death for values < 48 ml/cmH2O; (2) the association between DP and ICU mortality was linear (p value for nonlinearity = 0.68), and increasing DP from 10 to 14 cmH2O caused significant higher odds of in-ICU death (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.06-1.99); (3) VT/kg IBW was not associated with a significant increase of the risk of death (OR 0.92, 95% CI 0.55-1.52). Multivariable analysis confirmed these findings. CONCLUSIONS: Crs < 48 ml/cmH2O was associated with ICU mortality, while DP was linearly associated with mortality. DP should be kept as low as possible, even in the case of relatively preserved Crs, irrespective of VT/kg IBW, to reduce the risk of death.


Assuntos
COVID-19/mortalidade , Respiração Artificial , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/mortalidade , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Intubação , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/virologia , Volume de Ventilação Pulmonar
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281037

RESUMO

Delirium is a psycho-organic syndrome common in hospitalized patients, especially the elderly, and is associated with poor clinical outcomes. This study aims to identify the predictors that are mostly associated with the risk of delirium episodes using a machine learning technique (MLT). A random forest (RF) algorithm was used to evaluate the association between the subject's characteristics and the 4AT (the 4 A's test) score screening tool for delirium. RF algorithm was implemented using information based on demographic characteristics, comorbidities, drugs and procedures. Of the 78 patients enrolled in the study, 49 (63%) were at risk for delirium, 32 (41%) had at least one episode of delirium during the hospitalization (38% in orthopedics and 31% both in internal medicine and in the geriatric ward). The model explained 75.8% of the variability of the 4AT score with a root mean squared error of 3.29. Higher age, the presence of dementia, physical restraint, diabetes and a lower degree are the variables associated with an increase of the 4AT score. Random forest is a valid method for investigating the patients' characteristics associated with delirium onset also in small case-series. The use of this model may allow for early detection of delirium onset to plan the proper adjustment in healthcare assistance.


Assuntos
Delírio , Idoso , Algoritmos , Delírio/diagnóstico , Delírio/epidemiologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Programas de Rastreamento
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung transplantation is a specialized procedure used to treat chronic end-stage respiratory diseases. Due to the scarcity of lung donors, constructing fair and equitable lung transplant allocation methods is an issue that has been addressed with different strategies worldwide. This work aims to describe how Italy's "national protocol for the management of surplus organs in all transplant programs" functions through an online app to allocate lung transplants. We have developed two probability models to describe the allocation process among the various transplant centers. An online app was then created. The first model considers conditional probabilities based on a protocol flowchart to compute the probability for each area and transplant center to receive each n-th organ in the period considered. The second probability model is based on the generalization of the binomial distribution to correlated binary variables, which is based on Bahadur's representation, to compute the cumulative probability for each transplant center to receive at least nth organs. Our results show that the impact of the allocation of a surplus organ depends mostly on the region where the organ was donated. The discrepancies shown by our model may be explained by a discrepancy between the northern and southern regions in relation to the number of organs donated.


Assuntos
Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos , Humanos , Itália , Pulmão , Doadores de Tecidos , Listas de Espera
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281108

RESUMO

Wearable devices (WDs) can objectively assess patient-reported outcomes (PROMs) in clinical trials. In this study, the feasibility and acceptability of using commercial WDs in elderly patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) will be explored. This is a prospective observational study. Participants were trained to use a WD and a smartphone to collect data on their physical activity, rest heart rate and number of hours of sleep. Validated questionnaires were also used to evaluate these outcomes. A technology acceptance questionnaire was used at the end of the follow up. In our participants an overall good compliance in wearing the device (75.1% vs. 79.8%, SAVR vs. TAVR) was assessed. Half of the patients were willing to continue using the device. Perceived ease of use is one of the domains that scored higher in the technology acceptance questionnaire. In this study we observed that the use of a WD is accepted in our frail population for an extended period. Even though commercial WDs are not tailored for clinical research, they can produce useful information on patient behavior, especially when coordinated with intervention tailored to the single patient.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Idoso , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(13)2021 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283085

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The involvement of mediastinal great vessels is common in advanced stage thymic tumors, which makes their surgical resection challenging. Moreover, the impact of vascular involvement on the oncological prognosis is still unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate the surgical and oncological outcomes and the impact of vascular involvement in a population of patients operated for advanced stage thymic tumors. METHODS: A retrospective analysis on four hundred and sixty-five patients undergoing resection for advanced stage (Masaoka III-IV) thymic tumors in a single high-volume center was performed. One hundred forty-four patients met the inclusion criteria and were eligible for the study. Patients were divided in two groups according to the presence or absence of vascular involvement. RESULTS: the two groups did not differ for the baseline characteristics and showed comparable surgical outcomes. Vascular involvement was not associated with worse overall survival but with an increased recurrence rate (p = 0.03). Multivariable analysis demonstrated a higher risk of recurrence in patients without R0 resection (HR 0.11, 0.02-0.54, p = 0.006) and with thymic carcinoma (HR 2.27, 1.22-4.24, p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: resection of thymic tumors with vascular involvement can be performed with optimal surgical results in a high volume center. From the oncological point of view, the involvement of the great vessels seems to be associated with a higher recurrence rate without affecting long-term survival.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34206234

RESUMO

(1) Background: Propensity score methods gained popularity in non-interventional clinical studies. As it may often occur in observational datasets, some values in baseline covariates are missing for some patients. The present study aims to compare the performances of popular statistical methods to deal with missing data in propensity score analysis. (2) Methods: Methods that account for missing data during the estimation process and methods based on the imputation of missing values, such as multiple imputations, were considered. The methods were applied on the dataset of an ongoing prospective registry for the treatment of unprotected left main coronary artery disease. The performances were assessed in terms of the overall balance of baseline covariates. (3) Results: Methods that explicitly deal with missing data were superior to classical complete case analysis. The best balance was observed when propensity scores were estimated with a method that accounts for missing data using a stochastic approximation of the expectation-maximization algorithm. (4) Conclusions: If missing at random mechanism is plausible, methods that use missing data to estimate propensity score or impute them should be preferred. Sensitivity analyses are encouraged to evaluate the implications methods used to handle missing data and estimate propensity score.


Assuntos
Modelos Estatísticos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pontuação de Propensão
19.
Int J Cardiol ; 339: 219-224, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34181996

RESUMO

AIMS: Cardiac complications are a leading cause of mortality after orthotopic liver transplantation (LT) and pre-operative risk stratification is challenging. We evaluated whether coronary artery calcium (CAC) score calculated on a standard (non-thin layer, non-ECG gated) chest computed tomography (CT) predicted cardiac outcome after LT. METHODS: We included a consecutive series of LT recipients who underwent pre-operative cardiac evaluation including stress-testing or cardiac catheterization in high-risk patients. Patients with a history of coronary artery disease or coronary revascularization were excluded. The CAC score was calculated from the chest CT routinely performed before LT. CAC values were not available at the time of pre-transplant cardiac evaluation and did not affect LT eligibility. The primary end-point included peri-operative arrhythmic cardiac arrest and sustained ventricular arrhythmias; heart failure, myocardial infarction and cardiac death within 1-year after LT. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 301 patients (median age 56 years, 76% males). At chest CT, 49% had CAC = 0; 27% had CAC = 1-99, 15% had CAC = 100-399 and 9% CAC > 400. The primary end-point incidence increased from 7% in patients with CAC = 0 to 27% in patients with CAC > 400 (p = 0.007). At multivariable analysis including traditional risk factors, CAC remained an independent predictor of cardiac events (p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: CAC score calculated on a standard chest CT stratified the risk of cardiac events in patients who underwent LT after negative pre-transplant cardiac evaluation. These findings suggest that evaluation of CAC from a standard chest CT performed for other reasons can be used as an early cardiac risk stratification tool before LT.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34073448

RESUMO

Recent literature has reported a high percentage of asymptomatic or paucisymptomatic cases in subjects with COVID-19 infection. This proportion can be difficult to quantify; therefore, it constitutes a hidden population. This study aims to develop a proof-of-concept method for estimating the number of undocumented infections of COVID-19. This is the protocol for the INCIDENT (Hidden COVID-19 Cases Network Estimation) study, an online, cross-sectional survey with snowball sampling based on the network scale-up method (NSUM). The original personal network size estimation method was based on a fixed-effects maximum likelihood estimator. We propose an extension of previous Bayesian estimation methods to estimate the unknown network size using the Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm. On 6 May 2020, 1963 questionnaires were collected, 1703 were completed except for the random questions, and 1652 were completed in all three sections. The algorithm was initialized at the first iteration and applied to the whole dataset. Knowing the number of asymptomatic COVID-19 cases is extremely important for reducing the spread of the virus. Our approach reduces the number of questions posed. This allows us to speed up the completion of the questionnaire with a subsequent reduction in the nonresponse rate.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Teorema de Bayes , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Rede Social
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...