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1.
Clin Drug Investig ; 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33587284

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The increasing availability of real-world evidence (RWE) about safety and effectiveness of direct non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (DOACs) for the management of atrial fibrillation (AF) offers the opportunity to better understand the clinical and economic implications of DOACs versus vitamin K antagonists (VKAs). The objective of this study was to compare the economic implications of DOACs and VKAs using data from real-world evidence in patients with AF. METHODS: A Markov model simulating the lifetime course of patients diagnosed with non-valvular AF was used to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of DOACs (i.e., rivaroxaban, dabigatran and apixaban) versus VKAs from the Italian National Health System (INHS) perspective. The model was made up of data from the literature and a meta-analysis of RWE on the incidence of stroke/systemic embolism (SE), major bleeding (MB), intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) and all-cause mortality (ACM); direct costs included drug costs, costs for drug monitoring, and management of events from official national lists. One-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses (PSA) were used to assess the robustness of the results. RESULTS: Results from the meta-analysis showed that apixaban had a high probability of being the most effective for stroke/SE, MB and ACM. Despite their higher acquisition costs, the cost-effectiveness analysis showed all DOACs involved a saving when compared with VKAs, with per-patient savings ranging between €4647 (rivaroxaban) to €6086 (apixaban). Moreover, all DOACs indicated a gain both in quality-adjusted life-years and life-years. According to PSA, findings related to apixaban were consistent, while for dabigatran and rivaroxaban PSA revealed a higher degree of uncertainty. CONCLUSIONS: The beneficial effect of DOACs on containing events showed in RWE had the potential to offset drug-related costs, thus improving the sustainability of treatment for non-valvular AF in daily clinical practice.

2.
Surg Endosc ; 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33534074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported a structured cost analysis of robotic distal pancreatectomy (RDP), and none have compared the relative costs between the robotic-assisted surgery (RAS) and the direct manual laparoscopy (DML) in this setting. The aim of the present study is to address this issue by comparing surgical outcomes and costs of RDP and laparoscopic distal pancreatectomies (LDP). METHODS: Eighty-eight RDP and 47 LDP performed between January 2008 and January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Three comparable groups of 35 patients each (Si-RDP-group, Xi-RDP group, LDP-group) were obtained matching 1:1 the RDP-groups with the LDP-group. Overall costs, including overall variable costs (OVC) and fixed costs were compared using generalized linear regression model adjusting for covariates. RESULTS: The conversion rate was significantly lower in the Si-RDP-group and Xi-RDP-group: 2.9% and 0%, respectively, versus 14.3% in the LDP-group (p = 0.045). Although not statistically significant, the mean operative time was lower in Xi-RDP-group: 226 min versus 262 min for Si-RDP-group and 247 min for LDP-group. The overall post-operative complications rate and the length of hospital stay (LOS) were not significantly different between the three groups. In LDP-group, the LOS of converted cases was significantly longer: 15.6 versus 9.8 days (p = 0.039). Overall costs of LDP-group were significantly lower than RDP-groups, (p < 0.001). At multivariate analysis OVC resulted no longer statistically significantly different between LDP-group and Xi-RDP-group (p = 0.099), and between LDP-group and the RDP-groups when the spleen preservation was indicated (p = 0.115 and p = 0.261 for Si-RDP-group and Xi-RDP-group, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: RAS is more expensive than DML for DP because of higher acquisition and maintenance costs. The flattening of these differences considering only the variable costs, in a high-volume multidisciplinary center for RAS, suggests a possible optimization of the costs in this setting. RAS might be particularly indicated for minimally invasive DP when the spleen preservation is scheduled.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057991

RESUMO

An enlarged left atrial volume index (LAVI) at rest mirrors increased LA pressure and/or impairment of LA function. A cardiovascular stress may acutely modify left atrial volume (LAV) within minutes. Aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and functional correlates of LAV-stress echocardiography (SE) Out of 514 subjects referred to 10 quality-controlled labs, LAV-SE was completed in 490 (359 male, age 67 ± 12 years) with suspected or known chronic coronary syndromes (n = 462) or asymptomatic controls (n = 28). The utilized stress was exercise in 177, vasodilator in 167, dobutamine in 146. LAV was measured with the biplane disk summation method. SE was performed with the ABCDE protocol. The intra-observer and inter-observer LAV variability were 5% and 8%, respectively. ∆-LAVI changes (stress-rest) were negatively correlated with resting LAVI (r = - 0.271, p < 0.001) and heart rate reserve (r = -.239, p < 0.001). LAV-dilators were defined as those with stress-rest increase ≥ 6.8 ml/m2, a cutoff derived from a calculated reference change value above the biological, analytical and observer variability of LAVI. LAV dilation occurred in 56 patients (11%), more frequently with exercise (16%) and dipyridamole (13%) compared to dobutamine (4%, p < 0.01). At multivariable logistic regression analysis, B-lines ≥ 2 (OR: 2.586, 95% CI = 1.1293-5.169, p = 0.007) and abnormal contractile reserve (OR: 2.207, 95% CI = 1.111-4.386, p = 0.024) were associated with LAV dilation. In conclusion, LAV-SE is feasible with high success rate and low variability in patients with chronic coronary syndromes. LAV dilation is more likely with reduced left ventricular contractile reserve and pulmonary congestion.

4.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2020 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32828145

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at assessing the impact of a non-medical recommendation on drug-utilisation patterns and clinical outcomes in a central Region of Italy (Tuscany). METHODS: We performed a pre-post study on data collected in Tuscan healthcare administrative databases. We included patients with diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis, or psoriatic arthritis, or ankylosing spondylitis, or ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease, or psoriasis. The first analysis compared patients treated with infliximab on January 1st, 2013 (originator only available) to those on January 1st, 2016 (both originator and biosimilar available). The second analysis compared infliximab-originator users with infliximab-biosimilar ones. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) of persistence on treatment, Emergency Department (ED) admissions, hospitalisations and specialist visits were calculated. RESULTS: The first analysis included 606 patients and the second 434. In both analyses, we did not observe any significant difference in persistence. In the first analysis, the 2016 infliximab-originator cohort showed a significant association with the risk of having at least one ED admission (OR 1.54, 95% CI 1.02 to 2.31). A significant difference of accessing a specialist visit (more frequently rheumatologic) was observed in the 2016 cohort (OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.05 to 2.20). In the second analysis, the risk of having at least one hospitalisation decreased significantly in switchers to infliximab-biosimilar (OR 0.49, 95% CI 0.26 to 0.96). CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed no relevant changes in the clinical outcomes following the introduction of infliximab-biosimilar. The few observed differences observed can be explained mainly by a selective switching to infliximab-biosimilar in patients with lower burden of disease.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731600

RESUMO

Twitter is increasingly used by individuals and organizations to broadcast their feelings and practices, providing access to samples of spontaneously expressed opinions on all sorts of themes. Social media offers an additional source of data to unlock information supporting new insights disclosures, particularly for public health purposes. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex, systemic autoimmune disease that remains a major challenge in therapeutic diagnostic and treatment management. When supporting patients with such a complex disease, sharing information through social media can play an important role in creating better healthcare services. This study explores the nature of topics posted by users and organizations on Twitter during world Lupus day to extract latent topics that occur in tweet texts and to identify what information is most commonly discussed among users. We identified online influencers and opinion leaders who discussed different topics. During this analysis, we found two different types of influencers that employed different narratives about the communities they belong to. Therefore, this study identifies hidden information for healthcare decision-makers and provides a detailed model of the implications for healthcare organizations to detect, understand, and define hidden content behind large collections of text.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Saúde Pública
6.
Lupus ; 29(10): 1198-1205, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32660311

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The Brief Index of Lupus Damage (BILD) is an instrument of self-evaluation of organ damage for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. The objectives of this study were the translation, cultural adaptation and validation of the Italian version of the BILD (BILDit). METHODS: The process of translation and cultural adaptation followed published guidelines. The BILDit was pretested in a pilot study with 30 SLE patients in order to evaluate acceptability, reliability, comprehension and feasibility, and then validated in consecutive SLE patients attending our clinic. RESULTS: A total of 167 SLE patients were enrolled. In the pilot study, the BILDit demonstrated good acceptability, feasibility and comprehensibility and a very high degree of reliability (Cronbach's α = 1). In the validation cohort, the BILDit showed a significant positive correlation with the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index (SDI; ρ = 0.69; p < 0.001). Analysing the item-by-item correlation between the BILDit and the SDI, a good correlation (p < 0.001) was found for 73.1% of the items. In the multivariate analysis, the BILDit showed a significant positive correlation with age and disease duration (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The BILDit seems to be an acceptable and reliable instrument for patient self-evaluation of disease damage, with a good correlation with the SDI. It can be considered as a screening tool for the evaluation of organ damage starting from the patient's perceptive.

7.
J Am Soc Echocardiogr ; 33(9): 1123-1131, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32622588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myocardial scar burden impacts prognosis in patients with coronary artery disease who have experienced a myocardial infarction (MI). This has been demonstrated by late gadolinium enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance. Clinical experience with echocardiography suggests that the reflected ultrasound signal is enhanced in infarcted myocardial segments. Scar imaging with an ultrasound multipulse scheme (eScar) has been preliminarily validated in prior studies. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether scar burden, as detected by eScar, is associated with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) shocks in post-MI patients. METHODS: We retrospectively selected 50 post-MI patients with an ejection fraction <35% who received an ICD for primary prevention and subsequently had at least one appropriate shock (cases). These were compared with 50 post-MI patients, matched for clinical variables and ejection fraction, who never experienced an appropriate defibrillator shock (controls). Subjects were assessed with the eScar technique at the time of implantation or during follow-up. RESULTS: An eScar was present in ≥1 segment in 40 of 50 (80%) cases vs 26 of 50 (52%) controls and was associated with appropriate ICD shocks (P = .004). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, using a threshold of ≥3 segments by eScar, showed an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.715. On models including clinical and echocardiographic variables, eScar remained significantly associated with ICD shocks (P = .050 or P = .033 depending on the model). Adding eScar to a multivariate logistic regression model including indexed left ventricular end-systolic volume led to an increase in AUC from 0.734 to 0.782 (P = .049), while substituting indexed left ventricular end-diastolic volume for indexed left ventricular end-systolic volume resulted in a nonsignificant increase in AUC from 0.747 to 0.785 (P = .098). CONCLUSIONS: Presence and extent of eScar were independently associated with appropriate ICD shocks in this study of patients with prior MI and reduced ejection fraction. However, the addition of eScar assessment to the clinical multivariable model that included also indexed left ventricular end-diastolic volume did not provide significant incremental value.

8.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 20(1): 688, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709237

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medication adherence has been studied in different settings, with different approaches, and applying different methodologies. Nevertheless, our knowledge and efficacy are quite limited in terms of measuring and evaluating all the variables and components that affect the management of medication adherence regimes as a complex phenomenon. The study aim is mapping the state-of-the-art of medication adherence measurement and assessment methods applied in chronic conditions. Specifically, we are interested in what methods and assessment procedures are currently used to tackle medication adherence. We explore whether Big Data techniques are adopted to improve decision-making procedures regarding patients' adherence, and the possible role of digital technologies in supporting interventions for improving patient adherence and avoiding waste or harm. METHODS: A scoping literature review and bibliometric analysis were used. Arksey and O'Malley's framework was adopted to scope the review process, and a bibliometric analysis was applied to observe the evolution of the scientific literature and identify specific characteristics of the related knowledge domain. RESULTS: A total of 533 articles were retrieved from the Scopus academic database and selected for the bibliometric analysis. Sixty-one studies were identified and included in the final analysis. The Morisky medication adherence scale (36%) was the most frequently adopted baseline measurement tool, and cardiovascular/hypertension disease, the most investigated illness (38%). Heterogeneous findings emerged from the types of study design and the statistical methodologies used to assess and compare the results. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reveal a lack of Big Data applications currently deployed to address or measure medication adherence in chronic conditions. Our study proposes a general framework to select the methods, measurements and the corpus of variables in which the treatment regime can be analyzed.

9.
J Am Soc Echocardiogr ; 33(5): 594-603, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) measured in the left anterior descending artery during high-dose vasodilator stress echocardiography interrogates both epicardial and microcirculatory coronary function and has been inversely associated with chronic inflammation and microvascular dysfunction, as well as with the presence of obstructive coronary artery disease. Microvascular dysfunction and chronic inflammation are common mechanisms of disease in cardiovascular (CV) and non-CV conditions. We aimed to assess whether CFVR is associated with all-cause death, but more specifically with CV, cancer, and non-CV and noncancer (NCVNC) mortality, independently and increasingly over other demographic, clinical, and echocardiography variables. METHODS: One thousand two patients who underwent stress echocardiography were followed for a median of 8.2 years, with clinical, regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMAs), and CFVR data. The independent prognostic value of RWMA and CFVR regarding CV, cancer, or NCVNC mortality was evaluated adjusting for clinical variables. A prespecified subgroup of subjects with no RWMA or revascularization procedures during follow-up was also analyzed (n = 752), to exclude most participants with possible coronary artery disease and remove such confounding from the assessment of the potential association of CFVR and mortality. RESULTS: A total of 161 patients (16%) died, 63 deaths being CV (39%), 52 from cancer (32%), and 46 (29%) from NCVNC causes. In comparison to CV mortality, cancer and NCVNC mortality were not associated with an ischemic RWMA at univariable analysis, while a CFVR < 2 was significantly associated with each category of cause-specific mortality. A CFVR < 2 or ≥2 separated a group of patients with 8-year 14.6% versus 1.2% CV mortality, 10.3% versus 0.4% cancer mortality, and 9.5% versus 1.5% NCVNC mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The reduction of CFVR is independently associated with CV, cancer, and NCVNC death in a population clinically referred for suspected/known coronary artery disease. CFVR can act as a marker or a mechanism preceding and predicting mortality from a wide variety of diseases.

10.
Int J Cardiol ; 312: 123-128, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201100

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether calcifications of the coronary arteries (coronary artery calcium 0 to 4 score), or extending the assessment also to cardiac valves and thoracic aorta (overall calcium 0 to 8 score), as seen on computed tomography for attenuation correction during stress-scintigraphy (SPECT-CT), are associated with total mortality and non-fatal myocardial infarction. We aimed to assess whether these calcifications added to the prognostic value of SPECT imaging. BACKGROUND: The presence/amount of calcium in the coronary arteries, but also in the heart valves and aorta, has been associated with cardiovascular (CV) and all-cause mortality. This information can be obtained during SPECT-CT examinations, where low resolution CT images are co-registered for attenuation correction of myocardial perfusion, but then discarded. METHODS: Clinical data were collected on 353 consecutive patients submitted to stress SPECT-CT between Sept 2010 and Oct 2012, for suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Follow-up data on outcomes were collected retrospectively. RESULTS: Mean age was 72 and 58% were male. Mean follow-up was 6.4 years, during which 48 subjects died (15 from CV causes) and 10 had non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI). Reversible perfusion defects were detected in 55 patients (15.6%), 39 of whom (11%) had >mild defects. The presence of a calcium score > 1 in the attenuation correction images was the strongest univariate predictor of all-cause death or MI (hazard ratio 7.21, p < .001). On multivariate analysis, controlling for age, gender and myocardial perfusion defects an overall calcium score > 2 remained a predictor of all-cause death or non-fatal MI (hazard ratio 4.12, p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Visual assessment of coronary or overall coronary, cardiac and aortic calcium in the CT images used for attenuation correction during SPECT-CT is feasible and reproducible. It was strongly associated with all-cause death and MI, even after controlling for clinical variables and myocardial perfusion data. This simple visual calcium assessment does not add additional costs or radiation, and may significantly improve risk-assessment of patients with suspected CAD undergoing SPECT-CT. CONDENSED ABSTRACT: Calcium in the coronary arteries, heart valves and aorta has been associated with worse prognosis. We sought to determine whether assessment of such calcifications on computed tomography images (co-registered for myocardial perfusion attenuation correction and then discarded) are independently associated with long-term outcome on top of available data. We enrolled 353 consecutive patients, referred for suspected coronary artery disease. An overall calcium score > 1 in the attenuation correction images was the strongest univariate (hazard ratio 7.21, p < .001) and multivariate predictor of all-cause death or non-fatal MI (hazard ratio 4.12, p < .001), even after controlling for clinical variables and myocardial perfusion data.

11.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 21(6): 632-639, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326993

RESUMO

AIMS: In ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) holds the potentiality to improve risk stratification in addition to Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) risk score. Nevertheless, the optimal timing for CMR after STEMI remains poorly defined. We aim at comparing the prognostic performance of three stratification strategies according to the timing of CMR after STEMI. METHODS AND RESULTS: The population of this prospective registry-based study included 492 reperfused STEMI patients. All patients underwent post-reperfusion (median: 4 days post-STEMI) and follow-up (median: 4.8 months post-STEMI) CMR. Left ventricular (LV) volumes, function, infarct size, and microvascular obstruction extent were quantified. Primary endpoint was a composite of all-death and heart failure (HF) hospitalization. Baseline-to-follow-up percentage increase of LV end-diastolic (EDV; ΔLV-EDV) ≥20% or end-systolic volumes (ESV; ΔLV-ESV) ≥15% were tested against outcome. Three multivariate models were developed including TIMI risk score plus early post-STEMI (early-CMR) or follow-up CMR (deferred-CMR) or both CMRs parameters along with adverse LV remodelling (paired-CMRs). During a median follow-up of 8.3 years, the primary endpoint occurred in 84 patients (47 deaths; 37 HF hospitalizations). Early-CMR, deferred-CMR, and paired-CMR demonstrated similar predictive value for the primary endpoint (C-statistic: 0.726, 0.728, and 0.738, respectively; P = 0.663). ΔLV-EDV ≥20% or ΔLV-ESV ≥15% were unadjusted outcome predictors (hazard ratio: 2.020 and 2.032, respectively; P = 0.002 for both) but lost their predictive value when corrected for other covariates in paired-CMR model. CONCLUSION: In STEMI patients, early-, deferred-, or paired-CMR were equivalent stratification strategies for outcome prediction. Adverse LV remodelling parameters were not independent prognosticators.

12.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 72(12): 1820-1826, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560454

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A project aimed at developing new classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is based on weighted criteria that include both laboratory and clinical items. Combinations of certain symptoms may occur commonly in SLE, which provides an argument against independently counting these items. The current study was undertaken to evaluate the interrelationship between candidate criteria items in the International Early SLE cohort and in the Euro-Lupus cohort. METHODS: The International Early SLE cohort included 389 patients, who were diagnosed within 3 years prior to the study. Data on the ACR's 1997 update of the SLE revised criteria, the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics 2012 criteria, and on 30 additional items were collected. To evaluate the interrelationship of the criteria, a tetrachoric correlation was used to assess the degree of association between different manifestations in the same organ system. The correlations identified in the International Early SLE cohort were validated in the Euro-Lupus cohort. RESULTS: A few relevant correlations were observed among specific clinical cutaneous manifestations (in particular, malar rash correlated with photosensitivity, alopecia, and oral ulcers) and serologic manifestations (anti-Sm and anti-double-stranded DNA and anti-RNA polymerase, anti-Ro and anti-La, and antiphospholipid antibodies), and these results were validated in the Euro-Lupus cohort. The associations within the mucocutaneous domain, hematologic and the specific autoantibodies suggest that within a single domain only the highest ranking item should be counted to avoid overrepresentation. CONCLUSION: Some of the candidate SLE criteria cluster within domains. Given these interrelationships, multiple criteria within a domain should not be independently counted. These results are important to consider for the structure of new SLE classification criteria.

13.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 21(11): 1273-1282, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701136

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the prognostic relevance of coronary anatomy, coronary function, and early revascularization in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: From March 2009 to June 2012, 430 patients with suspected CAD (61 ± 9 years, 62% men) underwent coronary anatomical imaging by computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) and coronary functional imaging followed by invasive coronary angiography (ICA) if at least one non-invasive test was abnormal. Obstructive CAD was documented by ICA in 119 patients and 90 were revascularized within 90 days of enrolment. Core laboratory analysis showed that 134 patients had obstructive CAD by CTCA (>50% stenosis in major coronary vessels) and 79 significant ischaemia by functional imaging [>10% left ventricular (LV) myocardium]. Over mean follow-up of 4.4 years, major adverse events (AEs) (all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, or hospital admission for unstable angina or heart failure) or AEs plus late revascularization (LR) occurred in 40 (9.3%) and 58 (13.5%) patients, respectively. Obstructive CAD at CTCA was the only independent imaging predictor of AEs [hazard ratio (HR) 3.2, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.10-9.30; P = 0.033] and AEs plus LR (HR 4.3, 95% CI 1.56-11.81; P = 0.005). Patients with CAD in whom early revascularization was performed in the presence of ischaemia and deferred in its absence had fewer AEs, similar to patients without CAD (HR 2.0, 95% CI 0.71-5.51; P = 0.195). CONCLUSION: Obstructive CAD imaged by CTCA is an independent predictor of clinical outcome. Early management of CAD targeted to the combined anatomical and functional disease phenotype improves clinical outcome.

14.
Int J Cardiol ; 300: 276-281, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748186

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine diagnostic performance of non-invasive tests using invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) as reference standard for coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Medline, Embase, and citations of articles, guidelines, and reviews for studies were used to compare non-invasive tests with invasive FFR for suspected CAD published through March 2017. RESULTS: Seventy-seven studies met inclusion criteria. The diagnostic test with the highest sensitivity to detect a functionally significant coronary lesion was coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography [88%(85%-90%)], followed by FFR derived from coronary CT angiography (FFRCT) [85%(81%-88%)], positron emission tomography (PET) [85%(82%-88%)], stress cardiac magnetic resonance (stress CMR) [81%(79%-84%)], stress myocardial CT perfusion combined with coronary CT angiography [79%(74%-83%)], stress myocardial CT perfusion [77%(73%-80%)], stress echocardiography (Echo) [72%(64%-78%)] and stress single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) [64%(60%-68%)]. Specificity to rule out CAD was highest for stress myocardial CT perfusion added to coronary CT angiography [91%(88%-93%)], stress CMR [91%(90%-93%)], and PET [87%(86%-89%)]. CONCLUSION: A negative coronary CT angiography has a higher test performance than other index tests to exclude clinically-important CAD. A positive stress myocardial CT perfusion added to coronary CT angiography, stress cardiac MR, and PET have a higher test performance to identify patients requiring invasive coronary artery evaluation.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/normas , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/normas , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Angiografia Coronária/normas , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse/normas , Humanos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/normas , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/normas , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/normas
15.
Heart Vessels ; 35(4): 544-554, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531717

RESUMO

We retrospectively assessed the rest-phase images of 300 contrast stress- echocardiograms, during which very-low mechanical index (VLMI) imaging with ultrasound enhancing agents (UEAs) was routinely acquired in addition to greyscale echocardiography; intra- and inter-reader variability for left ventricle (LV) volumes and ejection fraction (LVEF) at rest was established in the overall cohort and normal values were calculated in the subset of subjects with no cardiac risk factors or cardiac disease and a normal stress-echocardiogram. Current recommendations for chamber quantification using echocardiography advise the use of UEAs in case of insufficient quality of endocardial visualization, but normal values for LV volumes and LVEF using UEAs have never been published using currently recommended VLMI method. Single-centre retrospective study, enrolling subjects referred to contrast stress- echocardiography for suspect coronary artery disease, including the acquisition of both standard 2D greyscale and bolus UEAs with VLMI, regardless of the image quality. This enables offline measurement of the LV volumes and LVEF for both greyscale and UEAs-VLMI images at rest in all subjects. Images were allocated to 3 readers in random order. Normal range for LV volumes and LVEF was also derived in a subset of apparently healthy subjects. In the 298 exams finally assessed, measurement variability among the three readers was lower with UEAs-VLMI, in particular for end-systolic volumes (intra-class correlation coefficient for concordance improved from 0.855 to 0.916, for LVEF from 0.68 to 0.783, p < 0.01), intra- observer variability reduced (Lin's correlation coefficient for LVEF from 0.747 to 0.857, p < 0.01). Normal mean indexed LV end-diastolic volume with UEAs-VLMI, compared to greyscale imaging, was + 14 ml/m2, while LVEF was + 5 to + 6% points. This is the largest study specifically addressing UEAs-VLMI imaging and comparing data with standard greyscale imaging; it demonstrates a reduction in measurement variability of LV volumes and LVEF. Normal reference values for VLMI ultrasound are reported for the first time in comparison with greyscale values.

16.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 18(1): 144, 2019 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672148

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of plasma PCSK9 with metabolic and inflammatory profile and coronary atherosclerotic burden in patients with suspected CAD enrolled in the EVINCI study. METHODS: PCSK9 was measured in 539 patients (60.3 ± 8.6 years, 256 males) with symptoms of CAD characterized by risk factors, bio-humoral profiles, and treatment. N = 412 patients underwent coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) to assess the presence and characteristics of coronary atherosclerosis. A CTA score, combining extent, severity, composition, and location of plaques was computed. RESULTS: Patients were divided according to PCSK9 quartiles: I (< 136 ng/mL), II-III (136-266 ng/mL), and IV quartile (> 266 ng/mL). Compared with patients in quartile IV, patients in quartile I had a higher prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and higher values of body mass index. LDL- and HDL-cholesterol were significantly lower in patients in the quartile I than in those in quartile IV. Coronary CTA documented normal vessels in 30% and obstructive CAD in 35% of cases without differences among PCSK9 quartiles. Compared with patients with the highest levels, patients with the lowest PCSK9 levels had a higher CTA score mainly due to higher number of mixed non-obstructive coronary plaques. At multivariable analysis including clinical, medications, and lipid variables, PCSK9 was an independent predictor of the CTA score (coefficient - 0.129, SE 0.03, P < 0.0001), together with age, male gender, statins, interleukin-6, and leptin. CONCLUSION: In patients with stable CAD, low PCSK9 plasma levels are associated with a particular metabolic phenotype (low HDL cholesterol, the metabolic syndrome, obesity, insulin resistance and diabetes) and diffuse non-obstructive coronary atherosclerosis. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00979199. Registered September 17, 2009.


Assuntos
Angina Estável/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Metabolismo Energético , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Pró-Proteína Convertase 9/sangue , Idoso , Angina Estável/diagnóstico por imagem , Angina Estável/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Placa Aterosclerótica , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
17.
Eur J Health Econ ; 20(9): 1451, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654289

RESUMO

In the Published article, the value in the abstract has been published incorrectly. The correct abstract section is as follows.

18.
Eur J Health Econ ; 20(9): 1437-1449, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410670

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed at evaluating the cost-effectiveness of different non-invasive imaging-guided strategies for the diagnosis of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in a European population of patients from the Evaluation of Integrated Cardiac Imaging in Ischemic Heart Disease (EVINCI) study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cost-effectiveness analysis was performed in 350 patients (209 males, mean age 59 ± 9 years) with symptoms of suspected stable CAD undergoing computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) and at least one cardiac imaging stress-test prior to invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and in whom imaging exams were analysed at dedicated core laboratories. Stand-alone stress-tests or combined non-invasive strategies, when the first exam was uncertain, were compared. The diagnostic end-point was obstructive CAD defined as > 50% stenosis at quantitative ICA in the left main or at least one major coronary vessel. Effectiveness was defined as the percentage of correct diagnosis (cd) and costs were calculated using country-specific reimbursements. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) were obtained using per-patient data and considering "no-imaging" as reference. The overall prevalence of obstructive CAD was 28%. Strategies combining CTCA followed by stress ECHO, SPECT, PET, or stress CMR followed by CTCA, were all cost-effective. ICERs values indicated cost saving from - 969€/cd for CMR-CTCA to - 1490€/cd for CTCA-PET, - 3092€/cd for CTCA-SPECT and - 3776€/cd for CTCA-ECHO. Similarly when considering early revascularization as effectiveness measure. CONCLUSION: In patients with suspected stable CAD and low prevalence of disease, combined non-invasive strategies with CTCA and stress-imaging are cost-effective as gatekeepers to ICA and to select candidates for early revascularization.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/economia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/economia , Idoso , Animais , Análise Custo-Benefício , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
19.
RMD Open ; 5(2): e000916, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31275608

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the proportion of patients who have successfully withdrawn glucocorticoids (GCs) in a longitudinal cohort of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) over a period of 6 years; to evaluate patient characteristics during GC withdrawal in relation to existing definitions of remission and Lupus Low Disease Activity State (LLDAS); and to evaluate the occurrence of flares after GC withdrawal. Methods: Patients who attempted GC withdrawal were identified for the cohort, and the following information was assessed during withdrawal attempts: date of last disease flare, disease activity and damage and ongoing treatment. Information regarding the occurrence of disease flares after GC withdrawal was also recorded for patients who successfully stopped treatment.Definitions of remission were applied to GC withdrawal in line with European consensus criteria (Definitions of remission in SLE [DORIS]) and LLDAS in line with the Asian Pacific Lupus Consortium definition. Results: 148 patients were involved in the study; GC withdrawal was attempted in 91 patients (61.5%) with 77 patients (84.6%) successfully stopping GCs. At the beginning of the GC reduction, the majority of patients were in complete or clinical remission (48.9% and 39.6%, respectively). Disease activity was significantly lower in patients who successfully stopped GCs, and the proportion of patients in complete remission was higher (54.2%) with respect to patients who failed in their attempt. Among patients who stopped GCs, 18 flares were recorded after a median of 1 year. The time period since the last flare was shorter in patients who experienced flares with respect to patients who did not flare (mean 0.93 years vs 6.0, p<0.001). Conclusions: GC withdrawal is an achievable goal in SLE and may be attempted after a long-term remission or LLDAS to protect the patient from disease flares.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Suspensão de Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Gerenciamento Clínico , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indução de Remissão/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
20.
Int J Cardiol ; 281: 1-7, 2019 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30739803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We assessed whether the non-invasive measure of peak diastolic-systolic velocity ratio (rDSVR) at rest on the left anterior descending artery (LAD) using Doppler transthoracic echocardiography is associated with obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) on the LAD and left main (LM) arteries. We compared rDSVR diagnostic accuracy with stress wall motion (WM) and coronary flow reserve (CFR-LAD), in a group of subjects who underwent contrast stress-echocardiography (cSE) and coronary angiography within 3 months. METHODS: 286 patients selected with a clinical indication to cSE, in which CFR-LAD was measured during the test who also underwent coronary angiography within 3 months were selected and diagnostic performance compared. RESULTS: Demographics and clinical variables were univariate predictors of LAD or LM >50% stenosis, but rDSVR < 1.7 outperformed other variables (OR 11.18, 95% CI 5.82-21.49, p < 0.001), comprising cSE variables such as reversible WM abnormalities (OR 1.53, 95% CI 0.94-2.49, p = 0.087) or CFR-LAD < 2 (OR 2.88, 95% CI 21.74-4.77, p < 0.001). The addition of rDSVR to multivariate logistic regression models (clinical or clinical + cSE variables) led to a marked increase in C-index (0.82, 95%CI 0.78-0.87) with significant improvement compared to all prior models (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest a strict association of reduced rDSVR with >50% coronary artery stenosis on the LM/LAD, superior to other standard clinical or cSE related indexes, such as WM assessment or CFR-LAD, and builds incrementally to them and clinical variables in multivariable logistic models for the prediction of CAD on LM and LAD coronaries.


Assuntos
Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo/fisiologia , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Diástole/fisiologia , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Sístole/fisiologia , Idoso , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
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