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1.
J Evid Based Dent Pract ; 21(2): 101542, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391554

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Reporting of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in dentistry remains suboptimal. Considering the positive impact of the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines on the quality of evidence in RCTs, the main objective of this systematic review was to determine whether RCTs on dental caries prevention conform to these guidelines. The secondary objective was to assess the association between CONSORT adherence and the year and impact factor of the journal in which the study was published. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in different databases using appropriate terms to retrieve RCTs that assessed the caries-preventive effect of at least 2 of the following materials-fluoride varnish, resin-based fissure sealants, and ionomer-based fissure sealants-on the occlusal surfaces of permanent molars. Since the first CONSORT statement was published in 1996, a time frame from 1997 to 2020 was established for the identification of studies. Selected articles were assessed according to their adherence to the CONSORT statement, risk of bias (Cochrane risk of bias tool, RoB 2.0), and journal impact factor based on the InCites Journal Citation Reports. The year of publication and other relevant data were also recorded. SPSS (SPSS Statistics 25.0, IBM©) was used to perform the linear correlation analyses to determine the relationship between the article CONSORT score (previously determined) and the year of publication and journal impact factor. A significance level of 5% was established for all analyses. RESULTS: Of 3196 references retrieved, 30 articles were selected and evaluated. Using RoB 2.0, 8 studies were classified as having a high risk of bias, 16 as having some concerns about the risk of bias assessment, and 6 as having a low risk of bias. Concerning CONSORT adherence, 77% of the studies adequately reported the intervention domain, since the methodology for the application of fluoride varnish or sealant materials was thoroughly described. However, the participants' setting and location, random sequence generation, randomization, and the flowchart description of the losses/exclusions domains were poorly reported. Meanwhile, the allocation concealment process was not reported in 83% of the articles. Correlation analyses indicated a positive relationship between CONSORT adherence and the year of publication, as well as the journal impact factor. CONCLUSION: When assessing clinical trials on the prevention of occlusal caries, most RCTs examined followed the CONSORT statement. However, some methodological domains remain poorly reported, demonstrating the need to improve CONSORT compliance in these RCTs.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Fluoretos , Humanos , Dente Molar , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
2.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 21(4): https://seer.pgsskroton.com/index.php/JHealthSci/article/view/6496, 20/12/2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1051636

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effect of different time intervals between tooth bleaching sessions on the variation of tooth enamel mass, using a 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP35) gel. Twenty bovine incisor teeth were collected and cross-sectioned twice, leaving only the middle coronal portion. The dentin layer was removed, leaving only the buccal dental enamel. The samples were randomly divided into 2 groups (n = 10): G1 (with a 7-day time interval between each bleaching session), and G2 (with a 2-day time interval between each bleaching session). Three bleaching sessions were performed for each group. Each specimen's mass was measured using an electronic analytical scale, first at the beginning of the experiments (T0), and then immediately after each bleaching intervention (T1, T2 and T3, respectively). All samples were stored in artificial saliva and kept in a biological chamber during the time of the study. The data analysis was performed using ANOVA for the related samples (p = 0.05). The results showed a reduction in the enamel mass values in G2 after the 3rd session when comparing to enamel mass values presented at the beginning of the study. On the other hand, G1 presented an increase in the mass values at the end of the third session, and these intragroup differences were statistically significant (p <0.001). It was concluded that bleaching treatment with 7-day intervals between sessions leads to no tooth enamel mass loss, whereas the reduced 2­day time interval between sessions caused a significant tooth enamel mass loss. (AU)


Este estudo avaliou a influência de diferentes intervalos de tempo entre as sessões de clareamento com peróxido de hidrogênio a 35% (PH35) sobre a variação de massa do esmalte dental. Foram utilizados 20 dentes incisivos bovinos hígidos, seccionados em duas porções transversais, com a camada de dentina vestibular toda removida, restando apenas o esmalte dental vestibular. As amostras foram distribuídas em 2 grupos (n=10): G1 - intervalo de tempo de 7 dias entre as sessões de clareamento, e G2 - Intervalo de 2 dias entre as sessões de clareamento. Foram realizadas 3 aplicações de gel clareador em cada grupo. A pesagem dos espécimes foi realizada antes do início do tratamento clareador e ao final de cada intervenção clareadora, em uma balança analítica eletrônica. Os espécimes foram armazenados em saliva artificial, e mantidos em estufa biológica. Os dados foram submetidos à ANOVA para amostras relacionadas (p=0.05). O G2 apresentou uma redução nos valores de massa do esmalte quando comparados os tempos antes do clareamento (T0 - 0.1650g) e após a 3° sessão (T3 - 0.1643g). Entretanto, o G1 apresentou um aumento nos valores de massa ao término da terceira sessão (T0 - 0.1615g e T3 - 0.1624g), sendo essas diferenças intragrupos estatisticamente significantes (p<0.001). Foi possível concluir que no clareamento com intervalo de 7 dias entre as sessões não houve perda de massa do esmalte dental, ao passo que quando reduzido o intervalo entre as sessões para 2 dias, uma perda significativa de massa foi observada. (AU)

3.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dent ; 11: 259-265, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692502

RESUMO

Aim: This study evaluated the effect of sodium ascorbate (SA) on the proteolytic activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and investigated the related effects on the bond strength of bleached dentin. Materials and methods: Eighty freshly extracted human third molars were randomly divided according to treatment (bleaching or SA application), type of analysis (microshear or measuring MMP activity), and post-bleaching time to assess bond strength (24 hrs or 30 days). Data from both analyses were subjected to one-way analysis of variance to detect differences among groups, followed by Tukey's multiple comparison test (p≤0.05). Results: Dental bleaching significantly reduced bond strength values when the adhesive strategy was performed after 24 hrs (despite the SA treatment) or 30 days after the bleaching procedure. However, after 30 days, the bond strength values of the groups who received bleaching or SA application were similar to those of the unbleached group. Dental bleaching caused the activation of MMPs, and SA did not influence this activity. Conclusion: It was concluded that SA does not affect the activity of MMPs or the bond strength in bleached dentin immediately after the bleaching treatment.

4.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(3): 305-309, set. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012427

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The objective evaluate was the influence of prolonged tooth bleaching with 10 % carbamide peroxide (10CP) on tooth enamel mass variation. Ten healthy bovine incisor teeth were divided (n = 5) into G1 - storage in distilled water and G2 - storage in artificial saliva. The samples were weighed in an electronic analytical balance at the following times: T0 - before application of the bleaching gel, T1 - after 14 days of bleaching (the time recommended by the manufacturer), T2 - after 21 days of bleaching (50 % increase in the time recommended by the manufacturer), and T3 - after 28 days of bleaching (100 % increase in the time recommended by the manufacturer). The data were subjected to ANOVA for related samples (p = 0.05). The highest mean was observed in G2 (0.5982 g) and the lowest mean was observed in G1 (0.3074 g) at T2 and T3, respectively. Significant differences were observed between the groups at all times. Overall, 10CP caused variation in the enamel mass after a 100 % increase in the use time recommended by the manufacturer, with a decrease in mass when distilled water was used as the storage medium and an increase when artificial saliva was used.


RESUMEN: El objetivo fue investigar la influencia del blanqueamiento dental prolongado con peróxido de carbamida al 10 % (10CP) sobre la variación de masa del esmalte dental. Las muestras se dividieron en dos grupos: G1, diez dientes sanos de los incisivos bovinos (n = 5) en agua destilada, y G2, almacenamiento en saliva artificial. Las muestras se midieron en una escala analítica electrónica de precisión en los siguientes tiempos: T0-antes de la aplicación del gel blanqueador, T1-después de 14 días de blanqueo (el tiempo recomendado por el fabricante), T2-después de 21 días de blanqueo (aumento de 50 % en el tiempo recomendado por el fabricante), y T3-después de 28 días de blanqueo (aumento de 100 % en el tiempo recomendado por el fabricante). Los datos se presentaron al ANOVA para las muestras relacionadas (P = 0,5). La media más alta se observó en G2 (0,5982 g) y la media más baja se observó en G1 (0,3074 g) en T2 y T3, respectivamente. Se observaron diferencias significativas entre los grupos en todo momento. En general, la 10 CP causó variación en la masa del esmalte después de un aumento de 100 % en el tiempo de uso recomendado por el fabricante, con una disminución en la masa cuando el agua destilada se utilizó como medio de almacenamiento y aumentó cuando se usó saliva artificial.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Clareamento Dental , Esmalte Dentário/química , Solubilidade do Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Clareadores Dentários/farmacologia , Peróxidos , Brasil , Comissão de Ética , Gado , Peróxido de Carbamida
5.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dent ; 11: 81-87, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040720

RESUMO

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the bonding strength of dental materials in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis var. kerebau), bovine, and human enamel and the susceptibility of these substrates in acid etching. Materials and methods: A total of 20 human third molars, 20 bovine incisors, and 20 buffalo incisors were used in a mechanical assay of microshear. The substrates were demineralized via conditioning with 37% phosphoric acid, and the ultra-morphological pattern of each substrate was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. Results: The results showed that there was no significant difference in adhesive bonding strength values between buffalo and human enamel (P≥0.05), with a fracture pattern of mixed type for all experimental groups. Conclusion: The results indicate that buffalo enamel is similar to human dental substrate in tests of adhesive bonding strength and also show a similar behavior in the acid conditioning of the enamel.

6.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0214948, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30951549

RESUMO

This work aimed to evaluate the roughness, microhardness, ultrastructure, chemical composition and crystalline structure in submitted teeth to a prolonged home bleaching regimen with 10% carbamide peroxide (10% PC) for different periods. The specimens were divided into the following groups: G1: negative control (application of water-soluble gel); G2: tooth whitening group (positive control), under application time recommended by the manufacturer (4h/14 days); G3: prolonged whitening 50%, under prolonged time recommended by the manufacturer in 50% (4h/21 days); G4: excessive whitening 100%, under exceeded manufacturer recommended time by 100% (4h/ 28 days). The results were evaluated descriptively and analytically. There were no changes in the roughness in any of the evaluated groups. However, the microhardness decreased in the G4 group. Scanning electron microscopy showed changes in the enamel surface of groups G2, G3 and G4. Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy identified changes in the concentration of chemical elements O, Mg, P, K in all groups. Thus, this study showed that prolonged home bleaching could cause changes in the ultrastructure, chemical composition and microhardness of the enamel.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Carbamida/farmacologia , Esmalte Dentário , Dureza/efeitos dos fármacos , Clareamento Dental , Animais , Bovinos , Esmalte Dentário/metabolismo , Esmalte Dentário/ultraestrutura , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos
7.
Open Dent J ; 12: 555-559, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30197694

RESUMO

Background: Dental bleaching has been increasingly sought out to improve dental aesthetics, but it may cause changes in dental enamel. Objective: To assess the influence of different time intervals on bleaching gel applications with regard to the Microhardness (MH) and Surface Roughness (SR) on dental enamel. Material and Methods: Forty bovine incisors were randomly divided into two groups (G1 and G2) and both were bleached with 35% Hydrogen Peroxide (HP35) (n=20; G1: seven-day interval and G2: two-day interval). The MH and SR tests were performed before bleaching (T0) and after the first (T1), second (T2), and third (T3) bleaching gel applications. The specimens were stored in artificial saliva between each application (37°C). The data were analyzed using the student's t-test (p ≤ 0.05) for dependent samples. Results: The reduced time interval (two days) led to a significant reduction in MH, while MH was not affected during the seven-day interval. The SR results increased regardless of the bleaching gel application time interval. Conclusion: The decreased time interval of two days between bleaching gel applications caused changes in MH but did not influence the SR of dental enamel.

8.
Iran Endod J ; 13(3): 367-372, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30083208

RESUMO

Introduction: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effects of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), chlorhexidine (CHX) and hydroxyethylidene bisphosphonate (HEBP), also known as etidronate, on susceptibility to root fracture resistance (RFR) in human teeth subjected to endodontic preparation. Methods and Materials: Seventy extracted single-rooted human teeth were selected, endodontically prepared using the ProTaper Next rotary system (PTN, Dentsply, Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) and then randomly divided according to the following irrigation regimes (n=10): G1, saline solution (0.9% NaCl); G2, 2.5% NaOCl + 17% EDTA; G3, 2% CHX gel + 17% EDTA; and G4, a mixture of 5% NaOCl + 18% HEBP. After this step, all samples received a final irrigation with distilled water. The samples were subjected to axial forces by mechanical compression testing in a universal testing machine (Dynamometers KRATOS, LTDA, SP, Brazil). Data analyses included the Shapiro-Wilk normality test, analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA) and a subsequent multiple comparison test (Tukey's test). Results: The results indicated that G1 (0.9% NaCl) presented greater resistance to root fracture. No significant differences were observed in G2 (2.5% NaOCl + 17% EDTA) and G3 (2% CHX gel + 17% EDTA). A significant difference was identified in G4 (mixture of 5% NaOCl + 18% HEBP) (P<0.05). Conclusion: A mixture of 5% NaOCl + 18% HEBP resulted in a lower fracture resistance when used to irrigate canals during endodontic instrumentation.

9.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(3): 346-353, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-888655

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of an extended use of desensitizing toothpastes (DTs) on dentin bonding, microhardness and roughness. One hundred and twenty bovine incisor teeth were randomly divided into four groups: G1, distilled water (WATER); G2, Colgate Total 12 (CT12); G3, Colgate Sensitive Pro-Relief (CSPR); and G4, Sensodyne Repair ?αμπ; Protect (SRP). Dentin surfaces were etched with 17% EDTA and 2 years of simulated tooth brushing (20,000 cycles) was performed on their surfaces. Knoop microhardness, surface roughness and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were performed before and after the simulated tooth brushing. For microshear bonding test, a 2-step self-etching adhesive system (Clearfil SE Bond) was used and 0.8 mm diameter composite resin (Filtek Z350 XT) cylinders were built. Microshear test was performed with an orthodontic wire and with a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. The data were analyzed for: 1) bond strength (one-way ANOVA), 2) microhardness intra-group (Student's test) and inter-group (one-way ANOVA/Tukey's test) comparisons, 3) roughness intra-group (Student's test/Wilcoxon's test) and inter-group (Kruskal-Wallis/Student-Newman-Keuls test) comparisons. The extended use of both dentifrices (conventional and for sensitive teeth) did not affect the bond strength and produced a significant increase in microhardness and roughness of the dentin, except for the microhardness of the SRP group. The simulated tooth brushing technique with water produced an increase in roughness, without reducing significantly the dentin microhardness.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a influência do uso prolongado de dentifrícios dessensibilizantes (DTs) na adesão, microdureza e rugosidade da dentina. Cento e vinte dentes incisivos bovinos foram divididos aleatoriamente em quatro grupos: G1, água destilada (WATER); G2, Colgate Total 12 (CT12); G3, Colgate Sensitive Pro-alívio (CSPR); e G4, Sensodyne Repair ?αμπ; Protect (SRP). As superfícies dentinárias foram condicionadas com EDTA a 17% e foram realizados 2 anos de escovação dental simulada (20.000 ciclos) em suas superfícies. A microdureza Knoop, rugosidade de superfície e microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) foram realizadas antes e após escovação dental simulada. Para o teste de adesão por microcisalhamento, foi aplicado um sistema adesivo auto condicionante de 2 passos (Clearfil SE Bond) e foram construídos cilindros de resina composta (Filtek Z350 XT) de 0,8 mm de diâmetro. O teste de microcisalhamento foi realizado com um fio ortodôntico e com velocidade de 0,5mm/min. Os dados foram analisados para: 1) resistência de união (ANOVA 1 fator), 2) comparações de microdureza intra grupo (teste t de Student) e inter grupo (ANOVA 1 fator / teste de Tukey), 3) comparações de rugosidade intra grupo (teste t de Student / teste de Wilcoxon) e inter grupo (Kruskal Wallis / teste de Student-Newman-Keuls). O uso prolongado de ambos dentifrícios (convencional e para dentes sensíveis) não interferiu na resistência de união e produziu um aumento significativo na microdureza e rugosidade da dentina, exceto para a microdureza do grupo SRP. A técnica de escovação dental simulada com água promoveu aumento na rugosidade, sem reduzir significativamente a microdureza da dentina.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Colagem Dentária , Dentifrícios/administração & dosagem , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/administração & dosagem , Dentina/ultraestrutura , Cremes Dentais/administração & dosagem , Testes de Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Escovação Dentária
10.
Braz Dent J ; 28(3): 346-353, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29297556

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of an extended use of desensitizing toothpastes (DTs) on dentin bonding, microhardness and roughness. One hundred and twenty bovine incisor teeth were randomly divided into four groups: G1, distilled water (WATER); G2, Colgate Total 12 (CT12); G3, Colgate Sensitive Pro-Relief (CSPR); and G4, Sensodyne Repair ?αµπ; Protect (SRP). Dentin surfaces were etched with 17% EDTA and 2 years of simulated tooth brushing (20,000 cycles) was performed on their surfaces. Knoop microhardness, surface roughness and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were performed before and after the simulated tooth brushing. For microshear bonding test, a 2-step self-etching adhesive system (Clearfil SE Bond) was used and 0.8 mm diameter composite resin (Filtek Z350 XT) cylinders were built. Microshear test was performed with an orthodontic wire and with a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. The data were analyzed for: 1) bond strength (one-way ANOVA), 2) microhardness intra-group (Student's test) and inter-group (one-way ANOVA/Tukey's test) comparisons, 3) roughness intra-group (Student's test/Wilcoxon's test) and inter-group (Kruskal-Wallis/Student-Newman-Keuls test) comparisons. The extended use of both dentifrices (conventional and for sensitive teeth) did not affect the bond strength and produced a significant increase in microhardness and roughness of the dentin, except for the microhardness of the SRP group. The simulated tooth brushing technique with water produced an increase in roughness, without reducing significantly the dentin microhardness.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Dentifrícios/administração & dosagem , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/administração & dosagem , Dentina/ultraestrutura , Cremes Dentais/administração & dosagem , Animais , Bovinos , Testes de Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Escovação Dentária
11.
J Adhes Dent ; 18(5): 375-386, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27695714

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review of the clinical performance of a low polymerization shrinkage, siloranebased composite (SBC) compared with a methacrylate-based composite (MBC) in posterior restorations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic databases were searched: PubMed, Scopus, Bireme, Science Direct, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov and OpenGrey. The search strategy included MeSH terms, synonyms and keywords with no language or date restrictions. Reference lists of eligible studies were cross checked in an attempt to identify additional studies. Based on the PICOS strategy, only randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were included. The risk of bias in the included studies was assessed and classified through the Cochrane Collaboration common scheme for bias. Two meta-analyses were performed using RevMan software, one with all 11 studies and another that included only studies with over 24 months of follow-up, for the main parameters analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 544 studies were identified. After removing duplicates and examinating titles and abstracts, 17 texts were selected and read in full. Six of them were excluded, so the final sample of this systematic review included 11 studies. Six of the 11 studies were classified as having a "low risk of bias" and five were "unclear". The heterogeneity (I²) in all parameters was not significant. The exclusion of studies with less than 24 months of follow- up did not change the final result of the meta-analysis: both SBC and MBC have satisfactory and statistically similar clinical performances. CONCLUSION: Low polymerization shrinkage is not the principal factor that determines the superiority of a resin.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Resinas de Silorano , Humanos , Metacrilatos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
12.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 10(2): 267-276, ago. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-794487

RESUMO

The objective of this randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the clinical performance up to 18 months of restorations placed using ethanol-wet bonding technique (EWBT) compared with the three-step etch-and-rinse (TSER) and one-step self-etching (OSSE) approaches. Ninety-three non-carious cervical lesions (31 for each group) were restored by one experienced operator in 17 patients under relatively dry conditions using gingival retraction cord, cotton rolls and saliva ejector. Each adhesive system was randomly allocated to one of randomized cervical lesions until the three groups were present in the same subject in equal amounts. The restorations were evaluated at baseline, 6, 12 and 18 months by two blinded and calibrated examiners using the modified US Public Health Service guidelines (USPHS) for the following outcomes: retention (kappa= 1.00), staining and marginal adaptation (kappa=0.81) and analyzed by Fisher's exact and Kruskal-Wallis tests, respectively. No significant differences were observed among groups after 18 months for any of the assessed criteria (p>0.05). The intra-group analysis performed by Cochran's test (for retention) and Wilcoxon test (for marginal adaptation/staining) revealed significant differences between the time intervals baseline/18 months in marginal adaptation (p= 0.0117) and retention (p= 0.0101) for OSSE and in marginal staining for TSER (0.0051) and EWBT (p= 0.0277) groups. The survival analysis for retention criteria and the overall clinical success were performed using a log-rank test and did not show significant differences among groups (p> 0.05). All three adhesives protocols presented similar clinical performance up to 18 months.


El propósito de este ensayo clínico aleatorizado fue evaluar, durante 18 meses, el éxito clínico de las restauraciones realizadas por la técnica de adhesión húmeda en etanol (TAHE) en comparación con las técnicas de grabado independiente de tres pasos (GTP) y de autograbado de un paso (AUP). Un solo operador, especializado en odontología restaurativa, realizó sobre 17 pacientes 93 restauraciones en lesiones cervicales no cariosas (31 para cada grupo). Los diferentes protocolos adhesivos se distribuyeron aleatoriamente en las lesiones cervicales hasta que los tres grupos estuviesen presentes en el mismo paciente y en cantidades iguales. Las restauraciones fueron evaluadas a los 6, 12 y 18 meses, por dos examinadores calibrados y que no participaron del procedimiento restaurador. Las directrices modificadas del Servicio de Salud Pública de Estados Unidos (SSPEU) fueron la base para las evaluaciones de las siguientes variables: retención (kappa= 1,00), adaptación y decoloración marginal (kappa= 0,81). Estas variables fueron analizadas mediante la prueba exacta de Fisher y Kruskal-Wallis, respectivamente. No se observó diferencia significativa entre los grupos después de 18 meses en las tres variables evaluadas (p >0,05). El análisis intra-grupo hecho por la prueba de Cochran (para la retención) y la prueba de Wilcoxon (para la adaptación y decoloración marginal) revelaron diferencias significativas entre los intervalos de tiempo de la línea de base / 18 meses para la retención (p= 0,0101) y adaptación marginal en el grupo AUP (p= 0,0117), y para la decoloración marginal en los grupos GTP (p= 0,0051) e TAHE (p= 0,0277). El análisis de supervivencia para la retención, así como la comparación del éxito clínico de los protocolos adhesivos, fueron realizados con la prueba de log-rank, y no hubo diferencias significativas (p >0,05) entre los grupos. No hubo diferencia en el éxito clínico de los tres protocolos adhesivos después de 18 meses.

13.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 10(1): 135-142, abr. 2016. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-782633

RESUMO

Dentin hypersensitivity is a relatively common clinical condition, which affects a large part of the world's population. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of previous and prolonged treatment with desensitizing dentifrices (DD) on bond strength to dentin, promoted by a self-etching adhesive system. Seventy non-carious bovine incisors were used, and divided into five groups (n= 14), according to the desensitizing toothpaste used, such as, G1: distilled water (WATER) (control); G2: Colgate Total 12 (CT12) (control); G3: Colgate Sensitive Pro-Relief (CSPR); G4: Sensodyne Rapid Relief (SRR); G5: Sensodyne Repair & Protect (SRP). Teeth had their buccal surfaces flattened until the exposure of dentin, and fragments of 4x4x2 mm were obtained. Fragments were included in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) cylinders and exposed to 17 % EDTA for 1 min. Subsequently, specimens were submitted to 20 000 cycles of simulated dental toothbrushing. After 24 h in artificial saliva, specimens were hybridized (Clearfil SE Bond ­ Kuraray), as well as resin composite cylinders built on dentin surfaces. Samples were stored in distilled water, at 37 C for 24 h, and the shear bond strength was determined. The highest bond strength (MPa) value was seen in CT12 group (4.39), and the lowest one in CSPR group (3.34). Data were statistically analyzed by 1-way ANOVA (ð= 0.05), and results showed that there were no significant differences (p= 0.5986) considering the DD factor. The predominant fracture pattern was cohesive on dentin. The previous and prolonged use of different DD did not affect dentin bond strength promoted by a self-etching adhesive system.


La hipersensibilidad dentinaria es una condición clínica relativamente común, que afecta a una gran parte de la población mundial. El objetivo fue evaluar la influencia del tratamiento previo y prolongado con dentífricos desensibilizantes (DD) en fuerza de adhesión a la dentina, que promueve un sistema adhesivo de autograbado. Se utilizaron 70 incisivos bovinos no cariados, y se dividieron en cinco grupos (n= 14), de acuerdo con la pasta de dientes desensibilizante utilizada: G1: agua destilada (agua) (control), G2: Colgate Total 12 (CT12) (control), G3: Colgate Sensitive Pro-Alivio (CSPR), G4: Sensodyne Rápido Alivio (SRR) y G5: Sensodyne Repair & Protect (SRP). Los dientes tenían sus superficies bucales aplanadas hasta la exposición de la dentina, y se obtuvieron fragmentos de 4x4x2 mm. Los fragmentos se incluyeron en cilindros de cloruro de polivinilo y se expusieron a 17 % de EDTA durante un 1 min. Después, las muestras se sometieron a 20 000 ciclos de cepillado dental simulado. Después de 24 h en saliva artificial, las muestras se hibridaron (Clearfil SE Bond - Kuraray), y cilindros de resina compuesta fueron construidos sobre superficies de dentina. Las muestras se almacenaron en agua destilada, a 37 °C durante 24 h y luego se determinó la resistencia al cizallamiento. El mayor valor de resistencia a la unión (MPa) se observó en el grupo CT12 (4,39), y el menor en el grupo CSPR (3,34). Los datos fueron analizados estadísticamente mediante ANOVA de un factor 1 (ð= 0,05), y los resultados no mostraron diferencias significativas (p= 0,5986) teniendo en cuenta el factor de los DD. El patrón de fractura predominante sobre la dentina fue el cohesivo. El uso previo y prolongado de diferente DD no afectó resistencia de unión a la dentina promovido por un sistema adhesivo de autograbado.

14.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 9(3): 463-468, dic. 2015. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-775472

RESUMO

The ethanol wet-bonding technique (EWBT) was introduced in an attempt to overcome the problems caused by high hydrophilicity and/or incomplete penetration of most commercially available adhesive systems. This strategy provides better conditions for the inter-diffusion of hydrophobic dentin monomers. Today, there are many EWBT protocols, which yield bonding interfaces with minimal degradation and longer durability compared with commercial hydrophilic adhesive systems. The aim of this review is to discuss in greater detail the EWBT, focused on the following aspects: dentin saturation, hydrophobic primer preparation, inactivation of metalloproteinases (MMPs), dentin biomimetic remineralization and the clinical perspectives of this technique. The present review on the EWBT provides support for a better understanding of the behavior of dentin when exposed to dehydration and hydrophobic monomer interaction. Moreover, additional studies are suggested to investigate the long-term stability of this type of hybrid layer.


La técnica de la adhesión húmeda en etanol (TAHE) se introdujo en un intento de superar los problemas causados por la alta hidrofilicidad y/o la penetración incompleta de la mayoría de los sistemas adhesivos disponibles comercialmente. Esta estrategia ofrece mejores condiciones para la interdifusión de monómeros dentinarios hidrofóbicos. Hoy en día, hay muchos protocolos TAHE que producen las interfaces de unión con mínima degradación y mayor durabilidad en comparación con los sistemas adhesivos hidrofilicos comerciales. El objetivo de esta revisión es discutir con más detalle la TAHE, explicando los siguientes aspectos relacionados: la saturación de la dentina, la preparación del primer hidrofóbico, la inactivación de las metaloproteinasas (MMP's), remineralización biomimética de la dentina, y las perspectivas clínicas de esta técnica. La presente revisión sobre la TAHE proporciona soporte para una mejor comprensión del comportamiento de la dentina cuando es expuesto a la deshidratación y la interacción con monómero hidrófobo. Además, se sugieren estudios adicionales para investigar la estabilidad a largo plazo de este tipo de camada híbrida.

15.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 9(3): 497-504, dic. 2015. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-775478

RESUMO

Bleaching procedures can interfere on adhesive bonding of methacrylate-based restorative materials. After introduction of silorane-based composites, little information is available about this interaction. The objective is evaluate the influence of bleaching on enamel shear bond strength of silorane-based restorative system. Forty sound incisive bovine teeth were randomly divided into 04 groups (n= 10), being: G1 (control) ­ not bleached + Clearfil SE Bond (CSEB)/Filtek Z250 (Z250), G2 (control) not bleached + Silorane Adhesive (SA)/Filtek P90 (P90), G3 ­ bleached + CSEB/Z250; G4 ­ bleached + SA/P90. The teeth were sectioned, had crowns included in a PVC rings, and the enamel surfaces gridded and polished with silicon carbide abrasive papers. G1 and G2 were stored in artificial saliva (37 C), daily renewed, for a period of 04 days. G3 and G4 were exposed to 02 sessions of 38% hydrogen peroxide (38HP), with 03 applications of 15 min in each session. Composite resin cylinders were built up on the enamel surfaces. Bonding procedures were performed according the manufacturer's instructions. After storage in distilled water for 24 h (37 C), the samples were submitted to shear bond test. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and t (LSD) tests (5%). Intra group comparison showed significant difference for Z250 after bleaching, but not for P90. Shear strength was significant lower for P90, despite bleaching procedures. In conclusion, 38HP bleaching had no influence on the enamel bond strength of P90, even though presenting lower bond strength than Z250.


Los procedimientos de blanqueamiento dental pueden interferir en la unión adhesiva de los materiales de restauración a base de metacrilato. Después de la introducción de materiales compuestos a base de silorano, hay poca información disponible acerca de esta interacción. El objetivo fue evaluar la influencia del blanqueamiento en la cizalladura de la fuerza de adhesion sobre esmalte del sistema restaurativo a base de silorano. Cuarenta dientes incisivos bovinos fueron divididos aleatoriamente en 4 grupos (n= 10), siendo: G1 (control) - no aclarado + Clearfil SE Bond (CSEB)/Filtek Z250 (z250), G2 (control) - no aclarado + adhesivo de silorane (AS)/Filtek P90 (P90), G3 - aclarado + CSEB / Z250; g4 - aclarado + AS/P90. Los dientes fueron seccionados, tenían coronas incluidas en anillos de pvc, y las superficies de esmalte fueron molidas y pulidas con papeles abrasivos de silicona de silicio. G1 y G2 fueron almacenados en saliva artificial (37 °C), renovada diariamente, durante un período de 04 días. G3 y G4 se expusieron a 2 sesiones de peróxido de hidrógeno al 38% (38 HP) con 03 aplicaciones de 15 min en cada sesión. Los cilindros de resina compuesta fueron construidos en las superficies de esmalte. Los procedimientos de unión se realizaron según las instrucciones del fabricante. Después del almacenamiento en agua destilada durante 24 h (37 °C), las muestras fueron sometidas al ensayo de resistencia de adhesión al cizallamiento. Los datos fueron analizados por ANOVA de dos vías y prueba t (5%). La comparación intragrupo mostró diferencias significativas para Z250 después del aclaramiento, pero no para P90. La resistencia al corte fue significativamente menor para P90, a pesar de los procedimientos de blanqueamiento. En conclusión, el blanqueamiento con 38HP no tuvo influencia en la resistencia de la unión esmalte de P90, a pesar de presentar una fuerza de unión más baja que Z250.

16.
Am J Dent ; 28(1): 40-4, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25864241

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To present an overview of clinical evidence of strontium acetate and arginine-based toothpastes, in order to determine which of these substances was the most effective to relieve dentin hypersensitivity (DH). METHODS: An electronic search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, LILACS, Web of Science and Open Grey databases. The search strategy included MeSH terms, synonyms and keywords with no language or date restriction. Randomized controlled clinical trial studies that compared the effectiveness of arginine/calcium carbonate and strontium acetate toothpaste were included. The risk of bias in the included studies was assessed and classified through the Cochrane Collaboration's common scheme for bias. Data were subgrouped and heterogeneity was tested via comprehensive meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 3,883 potentially relevant studies were identified. After title and abstract examination, only six studies fulfilled the eligibility criteria and were classified as having a "low risk of bias". The majority of studies found better results for arginine/calcium carbonate in comparison with strontium acetate in alleviating DH. Only one study reported superior efficacy of strontium acetate, and only for tactile stimuli, after 8 weeks of home use. The arginine/calcium carbonate-based toothpaste provided a higher level of efficacy in terms of DH relief than the strontium-based toothpaste.


Assuntos
Acetatos/uso terapêutico , Arginina/uso terapêutico , Carbonato de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/uso terapêutico , Sensibilidade da Dentina/terapia , Fluoretos/uso terapêutico , Fosfatos/uso terapêutico , Estrôncio/uso terapêutico , Cremes Dentais/uso terapêutico , Viés , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 42(6): 432-438, nov.-dez. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-697404

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dental bleaching is a conservative method for the aesthetic restoration of stained teeth. However, whitening treatments are likely to cause adverse effects when not well planned and executed. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the influence of whitening gel on temperature rise in the pulp chamber, using the in-office photoactivated dental bleaching technique. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The root portion of an upper central human incisor was sectioned 3mm below the cemento-enamel junction. The root canal was enlarged to permit the insertion of the K-type thermocouple sensor (MT-401) into the pulp chamber, which was filled with thermal paste to facilitate the transfer of heat during bleaching. Three photosensitive whitening agents (35% hydrogen peroxide) were used: Whiteness HP (FGM), Whiteness HP Maxx (FGM) and Lase Peroxide Sensy (DMC). An LED photocuring light (Flash Lite - Discus Dental) was used to activate the whitening gels. Six bleaching cycles were performed on each group tested. The results were submitted to one-way ANOVA and LSD t-test (α<0.05). RESULT: The lowest mean temperature variation (ºC) was detected for Lase Peroxide Sensy (0.20), while the highest was recorded for Whiteness HP (1.50). CONCLUSION: The Whiteness HP and Whiteness HP Maxx whitening gels significantly affected the temperature rise in the pulp chamber during bleaching, and this variation was dependent on the type of whitening gel used.


INTRODUÇÃO: O clareamento dental representa uma manobra conservadora na recuperação estética de dentes com alterações cromáticas. Contudo, os tratamentos clareadores são passíveis de causar efeitos adversos, quando não bem planejados e executados. OBJETIVO: Este estudo avaliou a influência do gel clareador no aumento da temperatura intra-câmara pulpar através da técnica de clareamento dental fotoativado realizado em consultório. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Um incisivo central superior humano foi seccionado na porção radicular 3 mm abaixo da junção cemento-esmalte. O canal radicular foi alargado para permitir a introdução do sensor do termômetro na câmara pulpar, a qual foi preenchida com pasta térmica, favorecendo a transferência de calor das paredes dentárias para o sensor do termômetro digital com termopar tipo K (MT- 401A) durante o clareamento. Três agentes clareadores fotossensíveis (peróxido de hidrogênio a 35%) foram utilizados, sendo: Whiteness HP (FGM), Whiteness HP Maxx (FGM) e Lase Peroxide Sensy (DMC). Um aparelho fotopolimerizador de led (Flash Lite - Discus Dental) foi empregado para a ativação dos géis clareadores. Seis ciclos de clareamento foram realizados para cada grupo testado. Os resultados foram submetidos à ANOVA de um critério e ao teste t (LSD) (α<0,05). RESULTADO: A menor média de variação de temperatura (ºC) foi observada com o Lase Peroxide Sensy (0,20), enquanto que a maior com o Whiteness HP (1,50). CONCLUSÃO: Os géis clareadores Whiteness HP e Whiteness HP Maxx interferiram significativamente no aumento da temperatura intra-câmara pulpar durante o clareamento, sendo esta variação dependente do tipo de gel clareador empregado.

18.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 18(3): 101-6, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24094018

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in vitro the effects of tooth whitening using gel with Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (ACP) on the bond strength of metal brackets. METHODS: Thirty-six bovine incisors were sectioned at the crown-root interface, and the crowns were then placed in PVC cylinders. The specimens were divided into 3 groups (n = 12) according to whitening treatment and type of gel used, as follows: G1 (control) - no whitening; G2 - whitening with gel not containing ACP (Whiteness Perfect - FGM), G3 - whitening with gel containing ACP (Nite White ACP - Discus Dental). Groups G2 and G3 were subjected to 14 cycles of whitening followed by an interval of 15 days before the bonding of metal brackets. Shear bond strength testing was performed on a Kratos universal test machine at a speed of 0.5 mm/min. After the mechanical test, the specimens were assessed to determine the adhesive remnant index (ARI). The results were subjected to ANOVA, Tukey's test and Kruskal-Wallis test (5%). RESULTS: Significant differences were noted between the groups. Control group (G1 - 11.10 MPa) showed a statistically higher shear bond strength than the groups that underwent whitening (G2 - 5.40 Mpa, G3 - 3.73 MPa), which did not differ from each other. There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of ARI. CONCLUSIONS: Tooth whitening reduces the bond strength of metal brackets, whereas the presence of ACP in the whitening gel has no bearing on the results.


Assuntos
Fosfatos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Colagem Dentária , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Clareadores Dentários , Adesividade , Análise de Variância , Animais , Bovinos , Esmalte Dentário , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Géis , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
19.
Braz Dent J ; 24(3): 267-72, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23969918

RESUMO

The objective of this randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the clinical performance of adhesive restorations using a three-step etch-and-rinse adhesive (TSER), a one-step self-etching adhesive (OSSE), and a simplified ethanol-wet bonding technique (EWBT) prior to the application of a composite resin in non-carious cervical lesions. Ninety-three restorations (31 for each group) were placed in 17 patients by a single operator. No cavity preparation was performed. After 6 and 12 months, the restorations were assessed by two previously trained examiners using modified Ryge criteria for retention (kappa=1.00) and marginal adaptation/staining (kappa=0.81), and the results were analyzed by Fisher's exact and Kruskal-Wallis tests, respectively. No significant differences were observed among groups at the 6- and 12-month time points for any of the assessed criteria (p≥0.05). The intra-group analysis performed by Cochran's test (for retention) and Wilcoxon test (for marginal adaptation/staining) revealed significant differences between the baseline/12-month time intervals in marginal adaptation in OSSE (p=0.0180) and in marginal staining in TSER (p=0.0117). The survival analysis for retention criteria performed using a log-rank test did not show significant differences (p>0.05). The restorations placed using the simplified EWBT performed equally well as the other adhesive strategies employed.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Etanol/química , Solventes/química , Desgaste dos Dentes/terapia , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente/métodos , Adulto , Cor , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Polimento Dentário/instrumentação , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cimentos de Resina/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Análise de Sobrevida , Colo do Dente/patologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 18(3): 101-106, May-June 2013. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-690004

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate in vitro the effects of tooth whitening using gel with Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (ACP) on the bond strength of metal brackets. METHODS: Thirty-six bovine incisors were sectioned at the crown-root interface, and the crowns were then placed in PVC cylinders. The specimens were divided into 3 groups (n = 12) according to whitening treatment and type of gel used, as follows: G1 (control) = no whitening; G2 = whitening with gel not containing ACP (Whiteness Perfect - FGM), G3 = whitening with gel containing ACP (Nite White ACP - Discus Dental). Groups G2 and G3 were subjected to 14 cycles of whitening followed by an interval of 15 days before the bonding of metal brackets. Shear bond strength testing was performed on a Kratos universal test machine at a speed of 0.5 mm/min. After the mechanical test, the specimens were assessed to determine the adhesive remnant index (ARI). The results were subjected to ANOVA, Tukey's test and Kruskal-Wallis test (5%). RESULTS: Significant differences were noted between the groups. Control group (G1 = 11.10 MPa) showed a statistically higher shear bond strength than the groups that underwent whitening (G2 = 5.40 Mpa, G3 = 3.73 MPa), which did not differ from each other. There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of ARI. CONCLUSION: Tooth whitening reduces the bond strength of metal brackets, whereas the presence of ACP in the whitening gel has no bearing on the results.


OBJETIVO: avaliar, in vitro, a influência do clareamento dentário com gel contendo fosfato de cálcio amorfo (ACP) na resistência da união adesiva de braquetes metálicos. MÉTODOS: trinta e seis dentes incisivos bovinos foram seccionados no limite coronorradicular e tiveram suas coroas incluídas em cilindros de PVC. Os corpos de prova foram divididos em três grupos (n = 12), de acordo com a realização do tratamento clareador e tipo de gel utilizado, sendo: G1 (controle) - sem clareamento; G2 - clareamento com gel sem ACP (Whiteness Perfect, FGM); G3 - clareamento com gel contendo ACP (Nite White ACP, Discus Dental). Os grupos G2 e G3 foram submetidos a 14 ciclos de clareamento, seguidos de intervalo de espera de 15 dias para a fixação adesiva dos braquetes metálicos. O ensaio mecânico de cisalhamento foi realizado em máquina universal Kratos, com velocidade de 0,5mm/min. Após o teste mecânico, os corpos de prova foram avaliados quanto ao índice de remanescente adesivo (ARI). Os resultados foram submetidos à ANOVA, ao teste de Tukey e ao de Kruskall-Wallis (α = 5%). RESULTADOS: diferenças significativas foram observadas entre os grupos testados. O grupo controle G1 (11,1MPa) mostrou uma resistência ao cisalhamento estatisticamente superior aos grupos submetidos ao clareamento (G2 = 5,40MPa; G3 = 3,73MPa), os quais não diferiram entre si. Não se observou diferença significativa para o ARI entre os grupos estudados. CONCLUSÃO: o clareamento dentário reduz a resistência da união adesiva de braquetes metálicos, enquanto a presença de ACP no gel clareador não influencia os resultados encontrados.


Assuntos
Animais , Bovinos , Fosfatos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Colagem Dentária , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Clareadores Dentários , Adesividade , Análise de Variância , Esmalte Dentário , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Géis , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
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