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1.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 68: 126805, 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247033

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate urinary iodine concentration (UIC) in civil servants aged 35-74 years of the Brazilian Study of Adults Health (ELSA-Brasil) to analyze its relationship with sociodemographic, clinical risk factors, lifestyle, urinary Na and thyroid status. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in six Brazilian cities. METHODS: This analysis included 792 participants with information about urinary iodine concentration (UIC). Thyroid status was defined by serum levels of TSH/FT4 and the current use of antithyroid drugs for treatment of overt hyperthyroidism or levothyroxine to treat overt hypothyroidism. The determination of UIC was carried out with an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) and was expressed as median with Interquartile Range (IQR). RESULTS: In 792 participants, thereof 52% women, mean age was 51.9 (9.0) years. The median UIC was 219 (IQR, 166-291) for all persons studied, thereof 211 (IQR, 157-276) for women and 231 (IQR, 178-304) for men. According to the WHO classification, for all persons studied, 60% had more than adequate iodine-supply (UIC ≥200 µg/L), 37% were adequately supplied (UIC 100-199 µg/L) and <3% had a deficient iodine status (<100 µg/L). In the 35-44-year age strata, which includes women of childbearing age, 23.2% of women presented less than 150 µg/L of UIC. No differences in UIC were detected according to thyroid status. (P = 0.39) The correlation between Ur-Na and UIC showed a Spearman coefficient of 0.52 (P < 0.0001) and it was also found an association of Ur-Na with UIC: Beta of 1.76 (95% Confidence Interval (95% CI): 1.01 to 2.51. The urinary Na concentration showed a synergy with the UIC, that means medians of 57, 72, 107 and 141 mmol Na/L urine (P < 0.001) in the groups with the four UIC classes according to the WHO grading mentioned above. The very low Na content in the persons exhibiting <100 µg/L UIC seems to reflect also a higher urine volume due to the frequent use of diuretics. The strong relationship between the urinary Na concentration and the UIC points to a dependence of the UIC on the individual consumption of iodized salt, which should be more considered in future studies. The strong relationship between the urinary Na concentration and the UIC points to a dependence of the UIC on the individual consumption of iodized salt, which should be more considered in future studies. CONCLUSIONS: Euthyroid persons were dominating by more than four fifths and no significant association was found between UIC and thyroid status. Although most of the persons studied present more than adequate iodine intake it was observed that nearly a quarter of women in childbearing age are iodine deficient.

2.
J Glob Health ; 11: 04041, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34326991

RESUMO

Background: Given the paucity of studies for low- or middle-income countries, we aim to provide the first ever estimations of lifetime risk of diabetes, years of life spent and lost among those with diabetes for Brazilians. Estimates of Brazil´s diabetes burden consist essentially of reports of diabetes prevalence from national surveys and mortality data. However, these additional metrics are at times more meaningful ways to characterize this burden. Methods: We joined data on incidence of physician-diagnosed diabetes from the Brazilian risk factor surveillance system, all-cause mortality from national statistics, and diabetes mortality rate ratios from ELSA-Brasil, an ongoing cohort study. To calculate lifetime risk of developing diabetes, we applied an illness-death state model. To calculate years of life lost for those with diabetes and years lived with the disease, we additionally calculated the mortality rates for those with diabetes. Results: A 35-year-old white adult had a 23.4% (95% CI = 22.5%-25.5%) lifetime risk of developing diabetes by age 80 while a same-aged black/brown adult had a 30.8% risk (95% confidence interval (CI) = 29.6%-33.2%). Men diagnosed with diabetes at age 35 would live 32.9 (95% CI = 32.4-33.2) years with diabetes and lose 5.5 (95% CI = 5.1-6.1) years of life. Similarly-aged women would live 38.8 (95% CI = 38.3-38.9) years with diabetes and lose 2.1 (95% CI = 1.9-2.6) years of life. Conclusions: Assuming maintenance of current rates, one-quarter of young Brazilians will develop diabetes over their lifetimes, with this number reaching almost one-third among young, black/brown women. Those developing diabetes will suffer a decrease in life expectancy and will generate a considerable cost in terms of medical care.

3.
Eur J Neurol ; 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34328669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early-life socioeconomic status (SES) may impact cognitive performance later in life. We investigated the effect on cognitive performance of early-life SES, education, and late-life SES in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). METHODS: Path analysis was used to decompose associations between SES measures across the lifespan and cognition. The model included direct paths to cognition from early-life SES, education, and late-life SES, and indirect paths from early-life passing through education and late-life SES. We investigated whether the effects of early-life SES are similar across middle-aged and older adults. RESULTS: In 13,395 adults, the mean age was 51.5 (8.9) years old, 54% were female, 53% were white, and 56% had at least college education. The direct path from early-life SES remained significant in the presence of mediation paths through education, late-life SES, or both, contributing to cognitive performance in both middle-aged and older adults. The indirect and total effect of early-life SES was smaller for middle-aged compared to older adults. Early-life SES continues to impact cognitive performance later in life independently of the educational attainment and late-life SES. The higher percent of mediation through education suggests that education may improve later life cognition even in the presence of low early-life SES. CONCLUSIONS: Our results highlight the importance of public health initiatives to improve early-life SES and education to foster cognitive aging in low- and middle-income countries.

4.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 43(3): 254-261, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249185

RESUMO

Objective: Longitudinal measurement invariance analyses are an important way to assess a test's ability to estimate the underlying construct over time, ensuring that cognitive scores across visits represent a similar underlying construct, and that changes in test performance are attributable to individual change in cognitive abilities. We aimed to evaluate longitudinal measurement invariance in a large, social and culturally diverse sample over time. Methods: A total of 5,949 participants from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) were included, whose cognition was reassessed after four years. Longitudinal measurement invariance analysis was performed by comparing a nested series of multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis models (for memory and executive function factors). Results: Configural, metric, scalar and strict invariance were tested and supported over time. Conclusion: Cognitive temporal changes in this sample are more likely to be due to normal and/or pathological aging. Testing longitudinal measurement invariance is essential for diverse samples at high risk of dementia, such as in low- and middle-income countries.

5.
Stem Cell Res ; 53: 102384, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34088012

RESUMO

Hypertension is a complex multifactorial disease characterized by a chronic increase of arterial pressure. Ninety percent of the cases are idiopathic and thus classified as essential hypertension. Uncontrolled arterial pressure has devasting consequences including cardiac insufficiency, stroke, dementia, chronic renal disease, ischemic heart disease and death. The hiPSC lines described here from six hypertensive patients and three controls were characterized according to established criteria and were shown to maintain pluripotency, differentiation into the three germ layers and genomic integrity. These cell lines can contribute to the understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in hypertension in different cell types.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular , Humanos
6.
J Psychiatr Res ; 140: 228-234, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34118641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous evidence supports the notion that the physical activity (PA) domain (leisure-time or transport), and the amount of time spent in PA, influence the association of PA with depressive and anxiety symptoms. However, no study evaluated the associations of different volumes of leisure-time PA (LTPA) and transport PA (TPA) with prevalent depression, anxiety, and co-occurring depression and anxiety (D&A) disorders. AIM: To investigate the associations between different volumes of LTPA and TPA with prevalent depression, anxiety, and D&A. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using baseline data of the ELSA-Brasil cohort. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) long-form was used to assess PA levels in each domain. The Clinical Interview Scheduled Revised (CIS-R) was used to diagnose prevalent depressive, anxiety, and D&A disorders. Logistic regressions, adjusting for confounding factors, were employed. Results are expressed as adjusted odds ratios (aOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: A total of 14,381 adults (54.5% female, 67.5% aged 45-64 years) were assessed. Time spent in LTPA was associated with a lower prevalence of depression in low, and high volumes (60-89min/weekaOR = 0.47, 95%CI = 0.29-0.76, p = 0.002, >300min/weekaOR = 0.43, 95%CI = 0.31-0.59, p < 0.001). High volumes of LTPA were associated with a lower prevalence D&A (270-299min/weekaOR = 0.55, 95%CI 0.38-0.79, p = 0.001; >300 minutesaOR = 0.63, 95%CI 0.54-0.74, p < 0.001). Low (60-89min/weekaOR = 0.56,95%CI = 0.40-0.79, p = 0.001) volumes of TPA were associated with lower prevalence of depression. LIMITATIONS: Cross-sectional design and self-reported PA. Lack of assessment of sedentary behaviour or occupational PA. CONCLUSIONS: The present study highlights the importance of contextual factors in the association between PA and mental health, particularly at higher levels.

7.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(6): 1756-1766, 2021 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33965299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Phytosterol (PS) consumption is associated with lower total and LDL-cholesterol (LDL-c) concentrations, but its impact on cardiovascular risk is unclear. This study assessed the effect of usual intake of PS on markers of subclinical atherosclerosis in the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). METHODS AND RESULTS: This cross-sectional study included 2560 participants of ELSA-Brasil, aged 48 (43-54) years, with available food frequency questionnaires (FFQ), coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores, carotid intima media thickness (cIMT), and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV), at baseline. Several logistic and linear regression models were used, and significance level was set at a P < 0.05. Mean values (SD) for PS consumption were 256 (198) mg/day, CAC 22.78 (110.54) Agatston Units, cf-PWV 9.07 (1.60) m/s and cIMT 0.57 (0.12) mm. PS consumption in Q4 was associated with lower total- and LDL-c levels, and with higher percentiles of cf-PWV (P < 0.001). Proportion of subjects in Q4 of PS consumption was 1.5 times higher among individuals in cf-PWV Q4, than in Q1 (P = 0.002, for comparisons among quartiles). There was a trend (P = 0.003) for higher cf-PWV with higher PS intake. In crude logistic and linear regressions, PS intake was associated with cf-PWV. In the adjusted models, these associations disappeared. No associations were found between PS and cIMT or CAC. CONCLUSIONS: In this large and apparently healthy cross-sectional sample from ELSA-Brasil, usual PS consumption was associated with lower total- and LDL-cholesterol, but not with markers of subclinical atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Dieta , Fitosteróis/administração & dosagem , Calcificação Vascular/epidemiologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/prevenção & controle , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Velocidade da Onda de Pulso Carótido-Femoral , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fitosteróis/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcificação Vascular/prevenção & controle , Rigidez Vascular
8.
Am J Hum Biol ; : e23606, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909940

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate annual weight gain and the incidence of overweight and obesity, stratified according to gender and socioeconomic factors. METHODS: From the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil), we included 13 625 women and men aged 35-74 (2008-2010) who attended a follow-up visit after a mean 3.8-years. Standardized questionnaires were used to record sociodemographic data, and height and weight were measured on all participants during in-person visits at research centers. The incidence rate to overweight was calculated among those not having excess weight at baseline, and incident obesity among those not having this condition at baseline. We evaluated the incidence of overweight and obesity in men and women, adjusted by age, through Poisson regression with robust variance. Large annual weight gain by gender was being defined as ≥90th percentile in the cohort. RESULTS: A global incidence of 7.7% for overweight and 10.6% for obesity was observed, with higher levels seen among black woman (28.5%), young men (21.1%) and woman with low educational level (35.0%). The proportions of overweight and obesity increased with age at both time points, more commonly among those with the lowest levels of per capita income and fewer years of schooling. Large annual weight gain was greater among participants with an intermediate level of education and those who self-identified as black. CONCLUSIONS: A high overall risk of becoming overweight/obese was found, especially among women. The roles of race and education level are fundamental to understanding the effects produced by social inequalities in rates of excess weight.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33844894

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate incidence of subclinical and overt hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Methods: The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) is a prospective cohort study of 15,105 civil servants, examined at baseline and over a 4-year follow-up. This analysis included 9,705 participants with normal thyroid function at baseline, follow-up information about thyroid function and with no report of using drugs that may interfere in the thyroid function. Thyroid function was defined by TSH/FT4 levels or routine use of thyroid hormones/anti-thyroid medications. Annual and cumulative (over 4-year) incidence rates were presented as percentages (95% Confidence Intervals). Results: The incidence of all overt and subclinical thyroid disease was 6.7% (1.73%/year): 0.19% for overt hyperthyroidism (0.048%/year), 0.54% for subclinical hyperthyroidism (0.14%/year), 1.98% for overt hypothyroidism (0.51%/year), and 3.99% for subclinical hypothyroidism (1.03%/year). The incidence of all thyroid diseases was higher in women, when compared to men, with a low women:men ratio (1.36). For Blacks the highest incidence was for overt hyperthyroidism, while for Whites, the highest incidence was for overt hypothyroidism. However, the highest incidence of overt hyperthyroidism was detected in Asian descendants. The presence of antithyroperoxidase antibodies at baseline was associated with higher incidence of overt thyroid diseases. Conclusion: These results showed a high incidence of hypothyroidism, which is compatible with a country with a more-than-adequate iodine intake. The low women:men ratio of the incidence of thyroid dysfunction highlights the importance of the diagnosis of thyroid diseases among men in Brazil.

10.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract ; 174: 108747, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33713721

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the role of branch chain amino acid (BCAA) concentrations as a predictor for incident type 2 diabetes (DM). METHODS: Participants from ELSA-Brasil without diabetes at baseline and followed for 3.9 ± 0.6 years were included in the analysis. The determinations of BCAA (valine, leucine, isoleucine) were performed by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Cardiometabolic profile and incidence of DM were evaluated according to quartiles of BCAA at baseline, stratified by sex. RESULTS: From 3,828 participants (56% female, 50.5 ± 8.7 years) 299 (8.5%) were diagnosed with DM. For both sexes, a worsening of cardiometabolic profile was observed across increasing BCAA quartiles. In survival analysis, incidence rates of DM for the entire period were highest in participants in the third and fourth quartile of BCAA (log Rank analysis < 0.001 for both sexes). In Cox regression analysis, for men, the HR (95%CI) for risk of DM was 2.24 (1.24-4.03) for those from the fourth quartile of BCAA, while in women it was 1.94 (1.07-3.50), comparing to first quartile of BCAA after adjustments for age, BMI, physical activity, family history of DM, pre-diabetes, blood pressure, total cholesterol and HOMA-IR. CONCLUSIONS: Higher levels of BCAA were independently predictors of DM.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos de Cadeia Ramificada/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
11.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 76: e2370, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787654

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association among hypertension, tinnitus, and sensorineural hearing loss and evaluate the influence of other covariates on this association. METHODS: Baseline data (2008-2010) from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) were analyzed. Altogether, 900 participants were evaluated. The baseline assessment consisted of a 7-hour examination to obtain clinical and laboratory variables. Hearing was measured using pure-tone audiometry. RESULTS: Overall, 33.3% of the participants had hypertension. Participants with hypertension were more likely to be older, male, and diabetic compared to those without hypertension. The prevalence of tinnitus was higher among hypertensive participants and the odds ratio for tinnitus was higher in participants with hypertension than in those without hypertension. However, the difference was not significant after adjusting for age. Audiometric results at 250-8,000 Hz were worse in participants with hypertension than in those without hypertension in the crude analysis; however, the differences were not significant after adjustment for age, sex, diagnosis of diabetes, and exposure to noise. No significant difference was observed in hearing thresholds among participants having hypertension for <6 years, those having hypertension for ≥6 years, and individuals without hypertension. CONCLUSION: Hearing thresholds were worse in participants with hypertension. However, after adjusting for age, sex, diagnosis of diabetes, and exposure to noise, no significant differences were observed between participants with and without hypertension. A higher prevalence of tinnitus was observed in participants with hypertension compared to those without hypertension, but without significance after adjusting for age.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva , Hipertensão , Zumbido , Adulto , Audiometria de Tons Puros , Limiar Auditivo , Brasil/epidemiologia , Perda Auditiva/diagnóstico , Perda Auditiva/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Zumbido/epidemiologia
13.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(5): 105671, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631475

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of carotid plaques and common carotid artery intima-media thickness with traditional modifiable cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: We examined 4,266 participants aged 35-74years in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) baseline. The presence of plaques at all carotid arteries sites was evaluated. The mean far wall common carotid artery intima-media thickness was measured. To evaluate the association of cardiovascular risk factors with plaques and plaque burden, we applied logistic regression models presented as crude, adjusted by sociodemographic variables, along with multivariate further adjustment for hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, and smoking. For the association of cardiovascular risk factors and common carotid artery intima-media thickness, linear regression models were used with the same adjustments. RESULTS: Median age was 51 years (interquartile range: 45-58 years; 54.5% of females). Plaque prevalence in at least one segment of the carotid arteries was 35.9%. Mean common carotid artery intima-media thickness of the far walls was 0.609 ± 0.133 mm. In the multivariate model for plaque presence, the odds ratios were:1.39 (1.19-1.63) for hypertension;1.58 (1.36-1.82) for hypercholesterolemia; 2.00 (1.65-2.43),1.19 (1.02-1.40) for current and past smoking, and 1.13 (0.95-1.35) for diabetes. In the multivariate linear regression models, common carotid artery intima-media thickness beta-coefficients were: 0.035 mm (0.027-0.043) for hypertension; 0.020 mm (0.013-0.027) for hypercholesterolemia; 0.020 mm (0.010-0.029), 0.012 mm (0.004-0.020) for current and past smoking, and 0.024 mm (0.015-0.033) for diabetes. CONCLUSION: Cardiovascular risk factors were independently associated with increasing common carotid artery intima-media thickness, plaque prevalence, and plaque scores. Diabetes did not show an independent association with plaques in the multivariate model.


Assuntos
Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Carótida Primitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Placa Aterosclerótica , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Medição de Risco
14.
Sleep Breath ; 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33590375

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may contribute to metabolic and inflammatory deregulation but previous studies failed to consider sleep duration, sleep fragmentation, insomnia, and daytime sleepiness as potential confounders. METHODS: Consecutive non-diabetic middle-aged participants from the ELSA-Brasil cohort were invited to perform a clinical evaluation, home sleep study for 1 night, and wrist actigraphy for 7 days. OSA was defined by an apnea-hypopnea index ≥ 15 events/h. Participants were stratified according to the presence of OSA measuring the following markers: fasting glucose, glucose tolerance test, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index, fasting insulin, insulin after 2 h of glucose load, glycated hemoglobin, total cholesterol and their fractions, triglycerides, C-reactive protein, TNF-alpha, interleukin-6, interleukin-10, leptin, adiponectin, E-selectin, ADMA, MCP-1, TGF, apolipoprotein B, fibrinogen, and lipoprotein(a). Differences between groups were identified by chi-square test and ANOVA. RESULTS: We studied 708 participants (mean age: 46 ± 5 years, men: 44%, BMI 26.1 ± 4.1 kg/m2). Compared to no OSA, participants with OSA presented higher levels while fasting and after 2 h glucose load of insulin, HOMA-IR, cholesterol, triglycerides, and C-reactive protein (all p < 0.001). After linear regression analysis adjusting for traditional risk factors plus sleep duration, fragmentation, insomnia, and daytime sleepiness, OSA was negatively associated with adiponectin (ß = - 0.271 CI 95% - 0.456 - 0.085) and positively associated with cholesterol (ß = 9.707 CI 95% 2.737 16.678). Sex-stratification revealed that these associations were significant for men but not women. CONCLUSIONS: In non-diabetic middle-age adults, men with OSA presented with lower adiponectin and higher cholesterol levels independently of sleep duration, sleep fragmentation, insomnia, and daytime sleepiness.

15.
Int J Stroke ; : 1747493021995592, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is a predictor of poor prognosis after stroke. AIMS: To evaluate atrial fibrillation and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in a stroke cohort with low socioeconomic status, taking into consideration oral anticoagulant use during 12-year follow-up. METHODS: All-cause mortality was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Cox regression models to estimate hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). For specific mortality causes, cumulative incidence functions were computed. A logit link function was used to calculate odds ratios (OR) with 95% CIs. Full models were adjusted by age, sex, oral anticoagulant use (as a time-dependent variable) and cardiovascular risk factors. RESULTS: Of 1121 ischemic stroke participants, 17.8% had atrial fibrillation. Overall, 654 deaths (58.3%) were observed. Survival rate was lower (median days, interquartile range-IQR) among those with atrial fibrillation (531, IQR: 46-2039) vs. non-atrial fibrillation (1808, IQR: 334-3301), p-log rank < 0.0001). Over 12-year follow-up, previous atrial fibrillation was associated with increased mortality: all-cause (multivariable hazard ratios, 1.82; 95% CI: 1.43-2.31) and cardiovascular mortality (multivariable OR, 2.07; 95% CI: 1.36-3.14), but not stroke mortality. In the same multivariable models, oral anticoagulant use was inversely associated with all-cause mortality (oral anticoagulant time-dependent effect: multivariable hazard ratios, 0.47; 95% CI: 0.30-0.50, p = 0.002) and stroke mortality (oral anticoagulant time-dependent effect ≥ 6 months: multivariable OR, 0.09; 95% CI: 0.01-0.65, p-value = 0.02), but not cardiovascular mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Among individuals with low socioeconomic status, atrial fibrillation was an independent predictor of poor survival, increasing all-cause and cardiovascular mortality risk. Long-term oral anticoagulant use was associated with a markedly reduced risk of all-cause and stroke mortality.

16.
Physiol Rep ; 9(3): e14731, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33587339

RESUMO

We measured plasma-derived extracellular vesicle (EV) proteins and their microRNA (miRNA) cargos in normoglycemic (NG), glucose intolerant (GI), and newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus (DM) in middle-aged male participants of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brazil). Mass spectrometry revealed decreased IGHG-1 and increased ITIH2 protein levels in the GI group compared with that in the NG group and higher serotransferrin in EVs in the DM group than in those in the NG and GI groups. The GI group also showed increased serum ferritin levels, as evaluated by biochemical analysis, compared with those in both groups. Seventeen miRNAs were differentially expressed (DEMiRs) in the plasma EVs of the three groups. DM patients showed upregulation of miR-141-3p and downregulation of miR-324-5p and -376c-3p compared with the NG and GI groups. The DM and GI groups showed increased miR-26b-5p expression compared with that in the NG group. The DM group showed decreased miR-374b-5p levels compared with those in the GI group and higher concentrations than those in the NG group. Thus, three EV proteins and five DEMiR cargos have potential prognostic importance for diabetic complications mainly associated with the immune function and iron status of GI and DM patients.

17.
J Hum Hypertens ; 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33462386

RESUMO

Although autonomic disturbances are known to precede hypertension onset, the risks underlying different ranges of blood pressure and impaired cardiac autonomic modulation are still unknown. This study aimed to identify the risk of hypertension incidence related to low heart-rate variability profile in normotensive blood pressure subcategories: normal (<120/80 mmHg) and prehypertension (120/80-139/89 mmHg) in a 4-year follow-up. 7665 participants free of hypertension at baseline were examined. They were allocated into one of two groups (

18.
Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord ; 35(2): 128-134, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443875

RESUMO

Inflammation is associated with poor cognitive performance. GlycA is a novel marker of systemic inflammation, but information on GlycA and cognition is scarce. We aimed to evaluate the association between GlycA and cognitive performance in a large sample from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). In this cross-sectional study, participants with GlycA measured at baseline were included. Cognitive function was evaluated using the word list test, the trail-making test, and the semantic and phonemic verbal fluency tests. The association of GlycA with cognitive performance was investigated using linear regression models adjusted for sociodemographic and clinical variables. A total of 4327 participants were analyzed (mean age=51.5±9.0 y old, 54% were female, 60% white). The mean GlycA was 414.9±69.8 µmol/L. Higher GlycA levels were associated with lower global cognitive performance, even after adjustments for confounders and C-reactive protein. Higher GlycA levels were associated with lower performance in language and executive function domains (language: ß=-0.005, 95% confidence interval CI=-0.010, -0.001, P=0.01; and executive function: ß=-0.005, 95% confidence interval=0.009, -0.001, P=0.02]. GlycA was associated with worse cognitive performance in the ELSA-Brasil study, independent of C-reactive protein levels. GlycA may be a potential biomarker for cognitive impairment.

19.
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) ; 94(5): 858-865, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33386609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to prospectively evaluate whether TSH levels at baseline were associated with incident depression after four years of follow-up in a cohort of middle-aged adults, the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). METHODS: TSH and free-thyroxine (FT4) levels were evaluated at baseline. Depression diagnoses were performed using the Clinical Interview Schedule-Revised (CIS-R) at baseline and after a 4-year follow-up. Poisson regression models (95% Confidence Intervals) were built to evaluate the association between TSH quintiles at baseline and incident depression. All analyses were stratified by sex. Models were presented crude, adjusted for age and sex; and further adjusted for race, education, BMI, smoking, alcohol consumption, use of antidepressants/benzodiazepines, kidney function and comorbidities. RESULTS: Mean age was 51.5 years, and 51.2% were women. Overall, low TSH levels (1st quintile) were associated with incident depression (adjusted RR = 1.36, 95% CI 1.02-1.81), remaining significant for women (adjusted RR = 1.64, 95% CI 1.15-2.33), but not for men. The same results were found when restricting analysis to euthyroid participants (adjusted RR = 1.46, 95% CI 1.08-1.99), also significant for women only (adjusted RR = 1.63, 95% CI 1.12-2.38). CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that low TSH levels were positively associated with incident depression, particularly among women. Similar results were found when restricting the analysis to euthyroid participants. In contrast, high TSH levels were inversely associated with incident depression, also among women.

20.
J Int Neuropsychol Soc ; 27(3): 293-303, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050967

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Normative data should consider sociodemographic diversity for the accurate diagnosis of cognitive impairment. This study aims to provide normative data for a brief neuropsychological battery and present diagnostic criteria for cognitive impairment that could be used in primary care settings. METHODS: We selected 9618 Brazilian middle-aged and older adults after detailed exclusion criteria to avoid subtle cognitive impairment. We analyzed age, sex, and education influence on cognitive performance. To verify the evidence of criterion validity, we compared the cognitive performance of subjects with and without a depressive episode. Additionally, we verified the percentage of spurious scores under three different cutoffs. RESULTS: Age and education had the greatest impact on cognition. Normative scores were provided according to age and education groups. Participants with a depressive episode performed poorer than control subjects. The clinical cutoff of at least two scores below the 7th percentile revealed the adequate percentage of spurious and possible clinical performance. CONCLUSIONS: The Longitudinal Study on Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) provided normative data based on a unique selected set of cognitively normal subjects. Normative groups were selected based on age and education, and the battery was sensitive to the presence of a depressive episode. We suggested clinical cutoffs for the tests in this battery that could be used in primary care settings to improve the accurate diagnosis of cognitive impairment.

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