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1.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666439

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical application of supraclavicular fasciocutaneous island flap (SIF) in the repair of tracheal defect. Methods: From May 2016 to March 2021, the clinical data of 10 patients (8 males,2 females,aged 27-73 years old) were retrospectively analyzed who underwent repair surgery with SIF for trachea defects after resection of cervical or thoracic tumors, including 2 cases of laryngotracheal adenoid cystic carcinoma, 2 cases of laryngeal carcinoma, 3 cases of esophageal carcinoma, 2 cases of thyroid carcinoma and one case of parathyroid carcinoma. All of the primary tumors were at T4. The outcomes of 10 cases with tracheal defect repaired by SIF were evaluated. Results: The areas of the SIF were (3-7) cm × (6-10) cm, the thicknesses of the flaps were 8-11 mm, and the lengths of the pedicles were 10-15 cm. The blood supply of the SIF came from the transverse carotid artery. The skin defects of the donor areas of the shoulders were directly closed. After 1-60 months of follow-up, all the flaps survived. The flaps, tracheas as well as shoulder wounds healed well. Conclusion: The SIF is suitable for the repair of tracheal defects. It has perfect thickness compatible with the trachea. The technique is simple and microsurgical technique is not needed, with a good application prospect.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Traqueia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante de Pele , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33691360

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the survival and death risk factors of mesothelioma cases stratified by the expression levels of CD8 and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) , providing new clue to evaluate disease progression and clinical outcome. Methods: This was a retrospective case report, which included 47 clinically and pathologically confirmed mesothelioma cases on November 2016. Their clinical and pathological information, asbestos exposure history and survival data were collected. Infiltrated lymphocyte, 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) , CTLA-4, CD8 and Ki-67 antigen were detected using hematoxylin-eosin staining and immunohistochemistry. Survival time and death risk factors of mesothelioma patients with different CD8 and CTLA-4 protein expression characteristics were analyzed. And analyze the influence of Ki-67 expression on the survival of patients with different CD8 and CTLA-4 protein and gene expression characteristics. Results: Among the 47 cases, 63.8% (30/47) had low/medium level of infiltrated lymphocyte. The immunohistochemistry scores of CTLA-4, CD8, 5-mC and Ki-67 were 92.97 (54.95, 120.65) , 72.41 (36.62, 89.82) , 11.09 (3.40, 52.89) and 5.88 (2.41, 11.48) , respectively. Patients with CD8(high) CTLA-4(high) had higher 5-mC level than those with CD8(high) CTLA-4(low) (P<0.01) . The median survival time of 27 cases was 0.83±0.29 year. The median survival times of those with CD8(high) CTLA-4(high) and CD8(high) CTLA-4(low) were 0.58±0.51 year and 0.83±0.30 year, respectively (P=0.521) . The immunohistochemistry score of Ki-67 ≥5.88 was an independent death risk factor for patients with CD8(high) CTLA-4(low) (HR=8.40, P=0.01) . Under different CD8 and CTLA-4 protein expression characteristics, in the patients with CD8(high) CTLA-4(low), the median survival times of those with high and low Ki-67 expression were 0.57±0.11 years and 2.31±0.46 years, respectively (P<0.01) . Under different CD8 and CTLA-4 mRNA expression characteristics, in the patients with CD8(high) CTLA-4(low), the median survival times of those with high and low Ki-67 mRNA expression were 1.20±0.36 years and 3.38±0.43 years, respectively (P=0.018) . Conclusion: Mesothelioma case with high CD8 but low CTLA-4 content might coexist DNA hypomethylation. In the presence of high Ki-67 expression, their survival time appears to be shortened with increased death risk.


Assuntos
Mesotelioma Maligno , Mesotelioma , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Antígeno CTLA-4 , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67 , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(12): 1182-1187, 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35045634

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of clinical and laboratory indexes in patients with liver disease with positive anti-liver cytosol antibody type 1 (anti-LC1), in order to provide references for clinical and differential diagnosis. Methods: The clinical data of 23 832 inpatients and outpatients with positive anti-LC1 autoantibodies detected in routine autoantibody test from January 2010 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and their clinical and laboratory indexes were compared. Western blotting was used to detect anti-LC1, anti-soluble liver antigen antibody (anti-SLA), anti-glycoprotein 210 antibodies and anti-nucleosome 100 antibodies. Indirect immunofluorescence assay was used to detect anti-nuclear antibody (ANA), anti-mitochondrial antibody, anti-Smooth muscle antibody (ASMA), anti-liver and kidney microsomal antibody (anti-LKM) and other autoantibodies. Normally distributed measurement data between the two groups were compared by independent-sample t-test, and the multiple groups comparison were compared by one-way analysis of variance. Non-normally distributed measurement data were compared by non-parametric rank sum test. Results: 38 anti-LC1 positive patients were detected in 23832 autoantibody tests. The age of initial diagnosis ranged from 11.0 to 84.0 (50.6 ± 16.0) years. There were 8 males (21.1%) and 30 females (78.9%). A total of 31 cases (81.6%) were positive for anti-LC1 and ANA, and the dominant karyotype was speckled pattern, accounting for 54.8%. Five cases (13.2%) were positive for ASMA, and no simultaneous positive with anti-LKM or anti-SLA. Among the 38 anti-LC1 positive patients, 9 were diagnosed with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), 6 with possible AIH, 6 with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), 8 with hepatitis B, 2 with hepatitis C, 1 with alcoholic liver disease, 2 with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, 1 with drug-induced liver injury, 1 with hepatolenticular degeneration, and 2 with tumor. Confirmed and probable AIH cases accounted for 39.5% (15/38) of anti-LC1 positive cases. Among anti-LC1 positive patients, 47.4% (18/38) had entered the stage of liver cirrhosis. AIH group globulin level was higher than HBV group (P = 0.006) and other disease groups (P = 0.001). AIH group IgG level was higher than PBC group (P = 0.027), HBV group (P = 0.009) and other disease groups (P = 0.004). the of the PBC group IgM level was higher than AIH group (P = 0.003), HBV group (P = 0.003) and other disease groups (P = 0.006). Conclusion: Anti-LC1 is not only detected in AIH, but also observed in patients with primary biliary cholangitis, hepatitis B and C, alcoholic and non-alcoholic liver disease, drug-induced liver injury, hereditary metabolic liver disease and tumor. In addition, it is mainly female gender dominance and nearly half of ANA-positive young, middle-aged and elderly patients develop liver cirrhosis. For the diagnosis of type 2 autoimmune hepatitis, whether anti-LC1 is a specific antibody needs further research, but if AIH is highly suspected, this antibody can be used as a substitute.


Assuntos
Hepatite Autoimune , Hepatopatias , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Autoanticorpos , Criança , Citosol , Feminino , Hepatite Autoimune/diagnóstico , Humanos , Laboratórios , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(12): 1487-1490, 2020 Dec 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333674

RESUMO

Emerging infectious diseases are a common type of public health emergencies, which occur frequently around the world in recent years, seriously threatening the safety of human life and property. In the process of dealing with epidemic situation, medical laboratories have played an important role in disease diagnosis, treatment, efficacy evaluation and prognosis judgment and so on. Beijing Youan Hospital, as the designated hospital of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has set up an emergency laboratory in the capital for the prevention and control of the COVID-19 by carrying out routine tests and virus nucleic acid tests, it provides timely and effective evidence for clinical diagnosis and treatment. To provide ideas and references for the building of the Emergency Laboratory in infectious hospitals. This article discuss how to set up an independent emergency laboratory efficiently, strengthen the cooperation with the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, make the best use of all resources, and share the enlightenment gained in the process of construction.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Epidemias , Emergências , Hospitais , Humanos , Laboratórios , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(19): 192501, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32469564

RESUMO

An inelastic excitation and cluster-decay experiment ^{2}H(^{16}C,^{4}He+^{12}Be or ^{6}He+^{10}Be)^{2}H was carried out to investigate the linear-chain clustering structure in neutron-rich ^{16}C. For the first time, decay paths from the ^{16}C resonances to various states of the final nuclei were determined, thanks to the well-resolved Q-value spectra obtained from the threefold coincident measurement. The close-threshold resonance at 16.5 MeV is assigned as the J^{π}=0^{+} band head of the predicted positive-parity linear-chain molecular band with (3/2_{π}^{-})^{2}(1/2_{σ}^{-})^{2} configuration, according to the associated angular correlation and decay analysis. Other members of this band were found at 17.3, 19.4, and 21.6 MeV based on their selective decay properties, being consistent with the theoretical predictions. Another intriguing high-lying state was observed at 27.2 MeV which decays almost exclusively to ^{6}He+^{10}Be(∼6 MeV) final channel, corresponding well to another predicted linear-chain structure with the pure σ-bond configuration.

9.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447891

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the occupational stress status and influencing factors of workers in a textile factory in Zhejiang Provice. Methods: In October 2018, 505 workers from a textile factory in Zhejiang Province were selected as research objects by convenient sampling method. A total of 505 questionnaires were distributed, 495 of which were effective and the effective recovery rate was 98.0%. Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) and Effort Reward Imbalance Questionnaire (REI) were used to investigate textile workers' occupational stress and analyze its influencing factors. The differences of the composition ratio of different groups were tested by χ(2) test. The influencing factors such as age, gender and occupation on occupational stress were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression. Results: ERI analysis results showed that the high and low occupational stress accounted for 30.1% and 69.9%, respectively. The differences of occupational stress among workers of different job types and working ages were statistically significant (P<0.05) . The detection rates of high occupational stress of paper workers and spinners were 47.8% (11/23) and 44.8% (30/67) , respectively, higher than other jobs. The detection rate of high occupational stress for workers with more than 5 years of service was 46.4% (13/28) . The results of JCQ analysis showed that there was no statistical significance in the differences of daily working hours and length of service between different gender, education levels, types of work patterns, and occupational stress (P>0.05) . Job types had significant effects on the occupational stress defined by ERI (P<0.05) , the risk of occupational stress was 2.151 times than that of the coiler. Conclusion: There are significant differences in occupational stress risk among workers of different types of work in textile industry, so different measures should be taken to prevent and control occupational stress in different jobs.


Assuntos
Indústria Manufatureira , Estresse Ocupacional , Têxteis , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Ocupações
11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594117

RESUMO

Objective: To study the causes and influencing factors of no seeking medical treatment among pneumoconiosis patients. Methods: Using stratified sampling method and typical survey method, we carried out the questionnaire survey in nine provinces in China including the east, the medium and the western region using a questionnaire on the seeking medical behavior pf pneumoconiosis patients and the influencing factors. The subjects include occupational pneumoconiosis cases and clinically diagnosed cases and the response rate is 94.3 percent. The data was entered twice with epidate3.1 and error detection and statistical analysis was completed with SPSS 20.0. Chi-square test was used for univariate analysis, and multivariate logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis. Results: One thousand and thirty-seven subjects were investigated with average age 55.9±11.2 years. Seventy percent of them were silicosis and 21.9 percent were coal worker's pneumoconiosis with 67.5 percent of them residing permanently in the countryside, and 37.9 percent of their education background were primary school culture and 33.1 percent of them had junior high school culture. Thirty two point six percent of respondents had no personal income with a median monthly income of 1 200 yuan. Four hundred and thirty four of subjects hadn't seek medical treatment since they got the pneumoconiosis accounting for 41.9 percent with three hundred and thirty seven of them hospitalized directly. The reasons of no seeking medical treatment for the respondents mainly include the self-induction symptoms lighter, the high cost of treatment and cannot claiming the payment of the medical expenses, buying drugs in drugstore, thinking that no medicine can cure pneumoconiosis or no effect, complex procedures, too far away from medical institutions, no unaccompanied, needing a long time or no time, communication disorders, etc. accounting for 44.4 percent, 24.6 percent, 10.9 percent, 9.1 percent, 6.9 percent, 4.4percent, 3.2 percent, 2.9 percent, 1.9 percent, 1.5 percent, respectively. The results of multivariate analysis showed the main characteristics of subjects with restrictions to the outpatient health service utilization are as follows: demographic sociological indicators such as registered permanent residence area is western (OR(western)=2.18, 95%CI:1.38-3.43) , more than seventy five years old (OR(over 75)=6.82, 95%CI:2.04-22.9) , unemployment, temporary or permanent employment (OR (unemployment)=1.90, 95%CI:1.17-3.08; OR(temporary employment)=3.11, 95%CI:1.57-6.14; OR(permanent employment)=2.10, 95%CI:1.18-3.74) , self-rated health score of 50 or above (OR(self-rated-70)=2.04, 95%CI:1.18-3.51; OR(self-rated-90)=3.00, 95%CI:1.97-5.37; OR(self-rated 90)=2.95, 95%CI:1.74-8.07) ; with increase to the outpatient health service utilization are breath with difficulty (OR=0.57, 95%CI:0.41-0.78) , emphysema (OR=0.48, 95%CI:0.26-0.90) , hospitalized with pneumo-coniosis (OR=0.12, 95%CI:0.07-0.20) . Conclusion: Pneumoconiosis patients no covered by injury insurance should be orderly included in the basic medical security system, and be given the medical treatment actively; It should be strengthened the health management for the pneumoconiosis patients and correctly guided the utilization of medical services.


Assuntos
Renda , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Pneumoconiose , Adulto , Idoso , China , Emprego , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Phys Rev Lett ; 122(21): 212502, 2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31283301

RESUMO

The ß-delayed γ-ray spectroscopy of neutron-rich ^{123,125}Ag isotopes is investigated at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory of RIKEN, and the long-predicted 1/2^{-} ß-emitting isomers in ^{123,125}Ag are identified for the first time. With the new experimental results, the systematic trend of energy spacing between the lowest 9/2^{+} and 1/2^{-} levels is extended in Ag isotopes up to N=78, providing a clear signal for the reduction of the Z=40 subshell gap in Ag towards N=82. Shell-model calculations with the state-of-the-art V_{MU} plus M3Y spin-orbit interaction give a satisfactory description of the low-lying states in ^{123,125}Ag. The tensor force is found to play a crucial role in the evolution of the size of the Z=40 subshell gap. The observed inversion of the single-particle levels around ^{123}Ag can be well interpreted in terms of the monopole shift of the π1g_{9/2} orbitals mainly caused by the increasing occupation of ν1h_{11/2} orbitals.

13.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 27(4): 298-303, 2019 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31082342

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the serological characteristics of anti-mitochondrial antibody M2 subtype (AMA-M2) in patients with drug-induced liver injury (DILI) and primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), in order to provide reference for clinical differential diagnosis. Methods: Laboratory data of 2802 DILI cases who visited the hospital between January 2011 and December 2017 were retrospectively collected. AMA-M2 positive patients were analyzed with respect to laboratorical findings, and serum data of 120 patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) at the same period was taken as a control. A chi-square test was used for group comparisons. One-way ANOVA and rank sum tests was used for ALT, AST, ALP, GGT and three groups of immunoglobulin M. Results: Among 2802 DILI patients, AMA-M2 positive rate was 5.1% (144/2 802), 77.1% (111/144) was DILI alone, 22.2% (32/144) was DILI with PBC, and 0.7% (1/144) was DILI with Sjogren's syndrome. An AMA-M2 level in DILI alone group was mostly mild and moderate than the PBC group and the DILI combined with the PBC group. There was significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in AMA-M2 levels between DILI group combined with PBC group and PBC group (P > 0.05). ALT and AST levels of DILI alone group and DILI combined with PBC were (585.92 ± 653.04) U/L, (501.45 ± 512.67) U/L and (373.47 ± 502.60) U/L, (335.97 ± 513.96) U/L, respectively, which were significantly higher than PBC group [(106.33 + 134.08) U/L, (112.59 + 152.20) U/L]. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups (P < 0.05).The ALP level of DILI alone group was (152.58 + 81.46) U/L, which was lower than PBC group (237.86 + 215.09). The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The level of immunoglobulin M in the DILI alone group was (1.76 ± 1.16) g/L, which was lower than PBC group (4.74 ± 5.74) g/L and the DILI combined with the PBC group (3.31 ± 1.68) g/L. There was significant difference between the two groups. During follow-up, 2.7% of patients with DILI had cirrhosis, 42.3% had lower AMA-M2 titer, 14.4% had lower AMA-M2 titer, 13.5% had higher AMA-M2 titer and five cases developed PBC. Conclusion: AMA-M2 is not only positive in patients with PBC, but also low-to-medium or even high-level AMA-M2 may be detected in DILI patients. For AMA-M2-positive DILI patients, it is necessary to identify whether they are associated with PBC. Secondly, the levels of ALT, AST and ALP should be analyzed, and the patients should be on regular follow up for early and timely detection of drug-induced PBC.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/imunologia , Fígado/patologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29699010

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the mental health status and its impact factors among nurses, finding ways to improve the mental health of nurses. Methods: A total of 13 425 female healthcare workers aged from 18 to 65 were selected as study objects. The survey was conducted with unified design questionnaire. The survey included the basic situation of the individuals and SCL-90 questionnaire. Comparing the female doctors, the mental health status and its impact factors of nurses were analyzed. Results: The income, age, education and occupation, which include shift work, heavy work load and overtime work are different between nurses and doctors. The main mental health problems of nurses were obsessive-compulsive symptoms, depressive symptoms and somatization. The results of univariate analysis indicated that shift work, overtime work, and heavy work load affected the positive rate of each factor. The results of multivariate analysis showed that occupation, shift work, overtime work, and heavy work load have significant adverse effects on the positive rate of the total score in female healthcare workers (P<0.01) . The positive rate of each dimension of SCL-90 in nurses is significantly higher than that of doctors. Conclusion: The mental health problems of nurses are significantly higher than doctors. The main reasons are low occupational level and adverse workstyles which include shift work, heavy workload and so on. Health administration and hospital management departments should pay much more attention to the mental health of nurses, improving their mental health through a variety of ways.


Assuntos
Nível de Saúde , Saúde Mental , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Carga de Trabalho , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29495193
18.
Environ Pollut ; 236: 71-81, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29414376

RESUMO

Due to their systemic character and high efficacy to insect controls, neonicotinoid insecticides (neonics) have been widely used in global agriculture since its introduction in early 1990. Recent studies have indicated that neonics may be ubiquitous, have longer biological half-lives in the environment once applied, and therefore implicitly suggested the increasing probability for human exposure to neonics. Despite of neonics' persistent characters and widespread uses, scientific literature in regard of pathways in which human exposure could occur is relatively meager. In this review, we summarized results from peer-reviewed articles published prior to 2017 that address potential human exposures through ingestion and inhalation, as well as results from human biomonitoring studies. In addition, we proposed the use of relative potency factor approach in order to facilitate the assessment of concurrent exposure to a mixture of neonics with similar chemical structures and toxicological endpoints. We believe that the scientific information that we presented in this review will aid to future assessment of total neonic exposure and subsequently human health risk characterization.


Assuntos
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Neonicotinoides/toxicidade , Agricultura , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Inseticidas/química , Neonicotinoides/química
19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29429177

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the value of planned neck dissection combined with induction chemotherapy and concurrent chemoradiotherapy in regional control and the outcome of locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: A prospective randomized controlled study totally enrolled sixty-four patients of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas(include oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx) in stages Ⅳa-Ⅳb with lymph node metastase was were N2-N3. All patients firstly received 2-3 cycles of induction chemotherapy(ICT), then divided into two groups randomly, according to the efficacy of ICT. Group A(the study group) received planned neck dissection(PND) and concurrent chemoradiotherapy(CCRT). Group B(the control group) received concurrent chemoradiotherapy(CCRT). The differences in clinicopathologic features, local recurrence(LR), regional recurrence(RR), disease-free survival(DFS), and overall survival(OS) between the two groups were estimated. SPSS 19.0 software was used to analyze the data. Results: Group A enrolled twenty-one patients, and group B enrolled forty-three patients.The follow-up of all patients were 4-55 months, median follow-up time was 22 months. In study group, two-year OS and DFS were 80.9% and 68.3%, respectively. In control group, two-year OS and DFS were 90.7% and 67.1%, respectively. There was no significant difference in gender(P=0.215), age(P=0.828), primary tumor site(P=0.927), LR(P=0.126), DFS(P=0.710), and OS(P=0.402) between the two groups, while the RR(χ(2)=5.640, P<0.05) and distant metastasis(χ(2)=10.363, P<0.01) showed significant differences between the two groups. Conclusion: The ICT+ PND+ CCRT treatment model has benefit on regional control of locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Esvaziamento Cervical/métodos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Terapia Combinada , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/cirurgia , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução/métodos , Linfonodos , Metástase Linfática , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 98(2): 127-131, 2018 Jan 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29343038

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the value of albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade combined with serum ammonia in the diagnosis of cirrhosis with hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Methods: The serum level of total bilirubin(TBIL), albumin( ALB )and blood ammonia were detected in 139 patients including 73 cirrhosis patients without HE and 66 cirrhosis patients with HE from January 2015 to January 2017 in Beijing You'an Hospital, and the relationship between ALBI and blood ammonia value and Child grade and hepatic encephalopathy was analyzed. Results: The level of ALBI and blood ammonia were more and more higher with the increase of Child grade, the level of ALBI in Child A, B and C were -2.3±0.6, -1.7±0.5, -0.9±0.4, and there was a statistically significant(F=125.100, P<0.001). The blood ammonia concentration in Child A, B and C were(42.6±16.0), (56.1±31.2), (69.8±34.7) µmol/L, and there was a statistically significant(F=7.400, P<0.001). The level of ALBI was higher with the increase of model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) grade, and there was a positive correlation(r=0.547, P<0.001). The ALBI value in the HE group was higher than the cirrhosis patients without HE((-1.1±0.5)vs(-1.6±0.7)), and the difference was statistically significant (t=5.244, P<0.001). Level of blood ammonia in the HE group was(83.6±39.5)µmol/L, which was higher than the level of cirrhosis patients without HE(42.9±17.0)µmol/L, and the difference was statistically significant (t=8.130, P<0.001) . When ALBI and blood ammonia were combined, the ROC curve area was 0.911, the sensitivity was 93.9%, the specificity was 93.2%. Conclusion: There is a significant diagnosis value and high clinical application when ALBI is combined with blood ammonia to diagnose HE .


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática , Amônia , Bilirrubina , Encefalopatia Hepática , Humanos , Albumina Sérica
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