Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 6 de 6
Mais filtros

Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
J Ethnopharmacol ; 249: 112423, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765764


ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Euphorbia kansui is a toxic Chinese herbal medicine and exhibits promising treatment to the malignant ascites (MA) in its traditional use. Ingenane-type and jastrophane-type diterpenes are demonstrated to be responsible for the toxicity and efficacy of kansui. Two representative compounds, kansuiphorin C (KPC) and kansuinin A (KA) in each type were proved to effectively reduce the ascites. The biological and toxicological effects are closely associated with the gastrointestinal tract, but the possible mechanism and related metabolic functions of KPC and KA treating MA through modulating the gut microbiota remain unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the possible mechanism and related metabolism of KPC and KA ameliorating malignant ascites through modulating gut microbiota. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MA rats and normal rats were divided into different groups and administrated with KPC, KA, and positive drug, respectively. 16S rDNA gene sequencing and metagenomes analysis combined with the quantification of short-chain fatty acids of feces were performed to reflect the modulation of gut microbiota. Then, the metabolites of KPC and KA in rat feces under the normal and pathological circumstances were detected by ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with MS/MS detector (UFLC-MS/MS) to explore the in-vivo bacterial biotransformation. RESULTS: KPC and KA were modulatory compounds for gut microbiota. The richness of Lactobacillus and the decreased abundance of Helicobacter involved in the carbohydrate metabolism and amino acid metabolism could be responsible for their prohibitory effects on malignant ascites. KPC exhibited stronger modulation of gut microbiota through making the abundance of Helicobacter about 3.5 times lower than KA. Besides, in-vivo microbial biotransformation of KPC and KA contained oxidation, hydrolysis, dehydration, and methylation to form metabolites of lower polarity. Besides, at the dosage of 10 mg kg-1, the toxicity of both compounds had weaker influences on the gut microbiota of normal rats. CONCLUSION: KPC and KA could ameliorate malignant ascites by modulating gut microbiota mainly containing the increase of Lactobacillus and the decrease of Helicobacter and related carbohydrate and amino acid metabolism, providing a basis for their promising clinical usage.

J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 170: 254-263, 2019 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30947126


Malignant ascites (MA) is one of the severe complications of gastrointestinal tumors, affecting the patients' survival time and quality of life. Euphorbia kansui is a commonly used toxic Chinese herbal medicine for malignant ascites. Our previous study showed that the biological and toxicological effects of kansui were closely related to the gastrointestinal tract. The ingenane-type and jastrophane-type diterpenoids are both toxic and active components of kansui. The contents of kansuiphorin C (KPC) and kansuinin A (KA) take highest accounts in each type of diterpene. Hence, in this study, the efficacy and toxicity of KPC and KA on normal rats and MA rats were firstly evaluated by serum liver enzymes (ALT and AST), oxidative damage indicators (GSH, SOD, MDA and LDH), inflammatory indexes (TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-2) and the volume of ascites. Changes in the levels of these indices showed that although the toxicity of KPC on normal rats was stronger than KA, KPC exhibited better efficacy to the malignant ascites with no obvious side effects at the dose of 10 mg·kg-1. Then, accurate and reliable methods for the determination of KPC and KA in the rat feces by ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with MS/MS detector (UFLC-MS/MS) were established, detected by the multiple reaction monitoring mode. The chromatographic separation was conducted on an XBbridge C18 column (50 mm × 2.1 mm, 2.5 µm) using gradient elution composed of 0.1% formic acid in water and acetonitrile. The flow rate was 0.5 mL·min-1 and column temperature was 30 °C. The method was finally applied to the comparative study on normal and malignant ascites rats given KPC and KA, respectively. Interestingly, the results showed that KPC's accumulative fecal excretion rate (normal, 19.22%±5.36%; model, 15.96%±3.47%) were much higher than that of KA (normal, 2.928%±0.741%; model, 2.835%±0.873%) at the same dose within 48 h. This suggested KPC had higher in-vivo transformations in comparison with KA, providing guidance for the further preclinical research of KPC and KA as promising compounds treating MA.

Ascite/tratamento farmacológico , Diterpenos/química , Fezes/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Euphorbia/química , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 155: 169-176, 2018 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29631077


The dried roots of Euphorbia kansui T.N. Liou ex T.P. Wang have been traditionally used for edema in China. However, the severe toxicity caused by Euphorbia kansui has seriously restricted its clinical application. Therefore, in order to study the material basis of the toxicity attenuation effect of processing with vinegar, a rapid, sensitive, validated and reliable UPLC-MS/MS method was developed to determine twelve compounds in ethyl acetate extracts of Euphorbia kansui before and after fry-baked with vinegar simultaneously. Meanwhile, the study of their toxic effect on zebrafish was conducted. Chromatographic separation was accomplished on Waters BEH C18 UPLC column. 0.3% formic acid in water and acetonitrile were used as mobile phase with a flow rate of 0.40 mL/min and a temperature at 30 °C. The analysis was performed in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode using positive electrospray ionization (ESI). Furthermore, the toxic research results indicated that the toxicity of Euphorbia kansui was decreased after vinegar-processed, which might because of the increase in the content of 5-O-benzoyl-20-deoxyingenol and the decrease in the contents of the remaining terpenoids in ethyl acetate extracts of Euphorbia kansui fry-baked with vinegar. This study demonstrated that the method used is a powerful approach to determine the content of twelve compounds that responsible for the toxic effect of Euphorbia kansui at the same instant. And provided the experimental evidence for the rationale behind the reduction of toxicity.

Acetatos/química , Ácido Acético/química , Euphorbia/química , Euphorbia/toxicidade , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade , Animais , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Raízes de Plantas/química , Raízes de Plantas/toxicidade , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Terpenos/química , Terpenos/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra
J Ethnopharmacol ; 219: 257-268, 2018 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29559373


ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Kansui, the root of Euphorbia kansui S.L.Liou ex S.B.Ho (E.kansui), is a classical traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) with certain toxicity. According to the theory of TCM, kansui fry-baked wtith vinegar (VEK) possesses low toxicity and mild diuretic and purgative efficacy. In clinical practice, it is commonly used for the treatmtablent of ascites and oliguria. The present study aimed to evaluate the toxicity and efficacy of different fractions of VEK and reveal the underlying material basis by employing an animal model of malignant ascites effusion (MAE) in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODSTA: The MAE rats as the model were constructed in SPF male wistar rats by intraperitoneal injection of Walker-256 tumor cells. The MAE rats were used and randomly divided into the control group (normal rats), control groups with different fractions (VEKA, VEKB, VEKC and VEKD), model group (MAE rats), positive control group (model group with furosemide), model groups with different fractions (VEKA, VEKB, VEKC and VEKD). Histopathological observation was used to confirm Walker-256 tumor-bearing organ injuries in rats. For the efficacy evaluation, the ascites and urine volumes, the urinary electrolyte concentrations (Na+, K+ and Cl-) and pH, the ascites levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-2, IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ and VEGF), PRA, the serum levels of Ang II, ALD and ADH, as well as AQP8 protein expression in the gastrointestinal tract were detected. Furthermore, different levels of indicators were measured in the toxicity evaluation of different fractions both on normal and model rats, including serum liver enzymes (AST and ALT), serum oxidative damage parameters (GSH, MDA, LDH and SOD), expressions of inflammatory parameters (NF-κB, ICAM-1 and E-cadherin) and apoptosis signals (caspase-3, -8, -9, Bcl-2 and Bax) in the liver and gastrointestinal tract. RESULTS: Walker-256 tumor-bearing malignant ascites effusion rats showed obvious hepatic and gastrointestinal injuries by histopathological observation. In the efficacy evaluation, model rats treated with VEKB and VEKC showed significant urine increase (VEKB, P < 0.01; VEKC, P < 0.01) and ascites reduction (VEKB, P < 0.01; VEKC, P < 0.01). These two fractions also balanced the concentrations of Na+, K+ and Cl- in urine (VEKB, all P < 0.05; VEKC, all P < 0.05), remarkably decreased urinary pH (VEKB, P < 0.01; VEKC, P < 0.01), and reduced the ascites levels of IL-2, IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ and VEGF (VEKB, all P < 0.01; VEKC, all P < 0.01) in the model rats. Moreover, levels of PRA, the serum Ang II, ALD and ADH of model rats were decreased after treated by VEKB and VEKC (VEKB, all P < 0.05; VEKC, all P < 0.05). Meanwhile, the expression of gastrointestinal AQP8 of the model rats was also enhanced after treated by VEKB and VEKC (VEKB, P < 0.01; VEKC, P < 0.01). In the toxicity evaluation, although VEKB and VEKC caused toxic indexes moved to the worse aspects in normal rats, nearly all of these indicators notably improved in the model rats. Additionally, VEKA showed no effect on the indicators, either in the efficacy evaluation or in the toxicity evaluation. And VEKD could significantly improve some indicators (urine volume, concentration of K+ in urine, serum MDA, AI and caspase-9) in MAE rats. CONCLUSIONS: VEKB and VEKC were demonstrated a significant efficacy in treating malignant ascites effusion, which could reduce hepatic and gastrointestinal damage on the model rats but cause the same damage to the normal. These data embody the traditional Chinese medicine application principle: You Gu Wu Yun. And these results will provide reference for the safer and better clinical utilization of kansui.

Ácido Acético/uso terapêutico , Ascite/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Euphorbia , Raízes de Plantas , Animais , Ascite/metabolismo , Ascite/patologia , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Resultado do Tratamento
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(18): 3516-3522, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29218936


The 24 h normal developing zebrafish embryos were used to evaluate the acute toxicity and the compounds of respective fractions were analyzed by UFLC-Q-TOF-MS simultaneously. Nine concentration groups with respective concentration and a blank control group were designed for each fraction to investigate their effect on survival rates of zebrafish embryos 96 h after drug administration, and calculate the median lethal concentration (LC50) of different fractions to zebrafish embryos. The results showed that all of the fractions had acute toxicity to zebrafish embryos except VEKD, and the order was as follows: VEKB, VEKC, VEKA and VEKD. According to the results of UFLC-Q-TOF-MS, the chemical ingredients contained in VEKB and VEKC were mainly composed of ingenane-type and japhane-type diterpenoids, respectively. It could be speculated that japhane-type diterpenoids might be the active compounds with lower toxicity associated with the results of toxicity study, providing some references for the further research on effective material basis of Kansui stir-baked with vinegar according to the principle of "drastic medicine, no death risks".

Ácido Acético , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Euphorbia/toxicidade , Animais , Diterpenos/toxicidade , Embrião não Mamífero/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Toxicidade Aguda , Peixe-Zebra
Molecules ; 22(12)2017 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29292735


In this research, a new triterpenoid, tirucalla-8,24-diene-3ß,11ß-diol-7-one (1), and eupha-8,24-diene-3ß,11ß-diol-7-one (2), which was isolated from Euphorbia kansui for the first time, together with twelve other known compounds (3-14), were isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of Euphorbia kansui. Their structures were elucidated based on High resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HR-ESI-MS), Infrared Spectroscopy (IR), 1D and 2D Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) data. Both constituents 1 and 2 exhibited moderate cytotoxicity against colon cancer HCT-116, gastric cancer MKN-45 and breast cancer MCF-7.

Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Euphorbia/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Triterpenos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação