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1.
ACS Nano ; 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491833

RESUMO

Devices operating with excitons have promising prospects for overcoming the dilemma of response time and integration in current generation of electron- or/and photon-based elements and devices. Although the intrinsic properties including edges, grain boundaries, and defects of atomically thin semiconductors have been demonstrated as a powerful tool to adjust the bandgap and exciton energy, investigating the intrinsic modulation of spatiotemporal dynamics still remains challenging on account of the short exciton diffusion length. Here, we achieve the attractive remote lightening phenomenon, in which the emission region could be far away (up to 14.6 µm) from the excitation center, by utilizing a femtosecond laser with ultrahigh peak power as excitation source and the edge region with high photoluminescence efficiency as a bright emitter. Furthermore, the ultrafast transition between exciton and trion is demonstrated, which provides insight into the intrinsic modulation on populations of exciton and trion states. The complete cascaded physical scenario of exciton spatiotemporal dynamics is eventually established. This work can refresh our perspective on the spatial nonuniformities of CVD-grown atomically thin semiconductors and provide important implications for developing durable and stable excitonic devices in the future.

2.
Nanoscale ; 12(19): 10723-10729, 2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32386399

RESUMO

In this work, we demonstrate that monolayer Janus MoSSe is an effective and universal platform for enhancing Raman signal and detecting biomolecules for the first time. The out-of-plane dipoles in monolayer Janus MoSSe redistribute charges of adsorbed biomolecules, polarize biomolecules and enhance their Raman vibrational intensity. The estimated Raman enhancement factor is higher than 105, which is comparable with the highest reported enhancement factor for 2D substrates. The C-C stretching Raman peak around 1360 cm-1 is used to indicate the glucose concentration, and its peak-integrated intensity increases linearly with the glucose concentration in the range of 1-10 mM. DFT calculations also confirm that charge redistribution in glucose induced by dipole interactions can enhance Raman intensity significantly when glucose molecules are adsorbed onto monolayer Janus MoSSe.

3.
Gynecol Endocrinol ; : 1-4, 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32308057

RESUMO

Endometriosis is a common gynecological disease affecting up to 10% of women at reproductive age. Prior combined studies implied that MYH8 mutations might exist in endometriosis. Here, 152 Han Chinese samples with ovarian endometriosis were analyzed for the presence of MYH8 mutations. Two heterozygous missense mutations in the MYH8 gene, c.1441A > C (p.I481L) and c.4057G > A (p.E1353K), were identified in our samples. These mutations were neither found in public databases nor detected in our 485 Han Chinese control women without endometriosis. The p.I481L-mutated sample belonged to 34-year-old, who had slightly elevated serum CA 125 (42.09 U/mL); while the sample with p.E1353K mutation belonged to 25 years old, who had a markedly increased serum CA125 (89.86 U/mL). The evolutionary conservation analysis results suggested that these MYH8 mutations caused highly conserved amino acid substitutions among vertebrate species. Both the mutations were predicted to be 'disease causing' by MutationTaster and SIFT programs. In addition, no association was observed between MYH8 mutations and the available clinical data. In summary, the present study identified two novel potential pathogenic mutations in the MYH8 gene in samples with ovarian endometriosis for the first time, implying that MYH8 mutations might play a positive role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis.

4.
ACS Nano ; 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32348117

RESUMO

Achieving the spontaneous evolution of fuel from integrated devices by solar-driven water splitting is an attractive method for renewable energy conversion. However, their widespread implementation is hindered by their immature architectures and inferior performances. Here, we propose a real integrated device consisting of two series-connected perovskite solar cells (PSCs) and two CoP catalyst electrodes, which can be immersed into the aqueous solution directly for solar-driven water splitting. Benefiting from the low-cost and facile encapsulation technique, this integrated device possesses a compact structure and well-connected circuits for the process of charge carriers generation, transfer, and storage. Moreover, although all expensive components in this integrated device are eliminated, the two series-connected carbon-based PSCs still exhibit a high solar-to-electric efficiency of 10.6% as well as the integrated devices display a solar-to-hydrogen efficiency of as high as 6.7%. This integrated device serves as a model architecture toward future development and optimization of the integrated device that can be immersed into the aqueous solution directly for water splitting.

5.
Cancer Lett ; 475: 14-21, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004573

RESUMO

The upper gastrointestinal (GI) tumors are multifactorial diseases associated with a combination of oncogenes and environmental factors. Currently, surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and immunotherapy are relatively effective treatment options for the patients with these tumors. However, the asymptomatic phenotype of these tumors during the early stages poses as a significant limiting factor to diagnosis and often renders treatments ineffective. Therefore, new early diagnosis and effective therapy for upper GI tumors are urgently needed. Ca2+ is a pivotal intracellular second messenger and plays a crucial role in living cells by regulating several processes from cell division to death. The aberrant Ca2+ homeostasis is related to many human pathological conditions and diseases, including cancer, and thus the changes in the expression and function of plasma membrane Ca2+ permeable channels and sodium/calcium exchangers are frequently described in tumorigenesis and tumor development of the upper GI tract, including voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (VGCC), transient receptor potential (TRP) channels, store-operated channels (SOC) and Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX). This review will summarize the current knowledge about plasma membrane Ca2+ permeable channels and sodium/calcium exchangers in the upper GI tumors and provide a synopsis of recent advancements on the role and involvement of these channels in upper GI tumors as well as a discussion of the possible strategies to target these channels and exchangers for diagnosis and therapy of the upper GI tumors.

6.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 190: 110108, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891836

RESUMO

Amphoteric nitrogen-doped carbon dots (N-CDs) that prepared environmentally friendly have rich functional groups, such as carboxyl, amino, hydroxyl, carbonyl, etc. Through electrostatic attraction and complexation between the chemical groups and metal ions, N-CDs present excellent adsorption capacity for Cd2+ in heavy polluted water with the saturated adsorption weight of 559  mg g-1. The investigation of interaction between N-CDs, Cd2+ and Arabidopsis thaliana reveals that N-CDs (from 4  mg kg-1 to 8  mg kg-1) can dramatically enhance Cd bioaccumulation of plants by 58.3% of unit biomass and 260% of individual seedling when the plants were cultivated for 10 days under Cd stress (from 10 mg kg-1 to 50 mg kg-1). Simultaneously, N-CDs significantly alleviate the toxicity caused by high Cd stress on Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings growth. N-CDs induce higher germination rate (maximum: 2.5-fold), higher biomass (maximum: 3.7-fold), better root development (maximum: 1.4-fold), higher photosynthetic efficiency and higher antioxidant capacity in plants under Cd stress. When the Cd and N-CDs concentration are respective 20 mg kg-1 and 4 mg kg-1, the enzyme activities of the catalase and peroxidase increased to 2.73-fold and 1.45-fold, respectively. This research prove the potential application of amphoteric N-CDs in phytoremediation because N-CDs greatly mitigate the growth retardation of plant caused by Cd2+ even with the extremely increased Cd2+ concentration in vivo.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Cádmio/toxicidade , Nitrogênio , Adsorção , Antioxidantes , Bioacumulação , Biodegradação Ambiental , Biomassa , Cádmio/metabolismo , Carbono , Tolerância a Medicamentos , Plântula
7.
Nature ; 577(7791): 492-496, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969724

RESUMO

Although two-dimensional (2D) atomic layers, such as transition-metal chalcogenides, have been widely synthesized using techniques such as exfoliation1-3 and vapour-phase growth4,5, it is still challenging to obtain phase-controlled 2D structures6-8. Here we demonstrate an effective synthesis strategy via the progressive transformation of non-van der Waals (non-vdW) solids to 2D vdW transition-metal chalcogenide layers with identified 2H (trigonal prismatic)/1T (octahedral) phases. The transformation, achieved by exposing non-vdW solids to chalcogen vapours, can be controlled using the enthalpies and vapour pressures of the reaction products. Heteroatom-substituted (such as yttrium and phosphorus) transition-metal chalcogenides can also be synthesized in this way, thus enabling a generic synthesis approach to engineering phase-selected 2D transition-metal chalcogenide structures with good stability at high temperatures (up to 1,373 kelvin) and achieving high-throughput production of monolayers. We anticipate that these 2D transition-metal chalcogenides will have broad applications for electronics, catalysis and energy storage.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; 704: 135331, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31831232

RESUMO

Rhodococcus sp. WB9, a strain isolated from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons contaminated soil, degraded phenanthrene (PHE, 100 mg L-1) completely within 4 days. 18 metabolites were identified during PHE degradation, including 5 different hydroxyphenanthrene compounds resulted from multiple routes of initial monooxygenase attack. Initial dioxygenation dominantly occurred on 3,4-C positions, followed by meta-cleavage to form 1-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid (1H2N). More than 95.2% of 1H2N was transported to and kept in extracellular solution without further degradation. However, intracellular 1H2N was converted to 1,2-naphthalenediol that was branched to produce salicylate and phthalate. Furthermore, 131 genes in strain WB9 genome were related to aromatic hydrocarbons catabolism, including the gene coding for salicylate 1-monooxygenase that catalyzed the oxidation of 1H2N to 1,2-naphthalenediol, and complete gene sets for the transformation of salicylate and phthalate toward tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. Metabolic and genomic analyses reveal that strain WB9 has the ability to metabolize intracellular 1H2N to TCA cycle intermediates, but the extracellular 1H2N can't enter the cells, restricting 1H2N bioavailability and PHE mineralization.


Assuntos
Biodegradação Ambiental , Naftóis/metabolismo , Fenantrenos/metabolismo , Rhodococcus/metabolismo
9.
Adv Mater ; 31(51): e1903448, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682043

RESUMO

The emergence of cesium lead iodide (CsPbI3 ) perovskite solar cells (PSCs) has generated enormous interest in the photovoltaic research community. However, in general they exhibit low power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) because of the existence of defects. A new all-inorganic perovskite material, CsPbI3 :Br:InI3 , is prepared by defect engineering of CsPbI3 . This new perovskite retains the same bandgap as CsPbI3 , while the intrinsic defect concentration is largely suppressed. Moreover, it can be prepared in an extremely high humidity atmosphere and thus a glovebox is not required. By completely eliminating the labile and expensive components in traditional PSCs, the all-inorganic PSCs based on CsPbI3 :Br:InI3 and carbon electrode exhibit PCE and open-circuit voltage as high as 12.04% and 1.20 V, respectively. More importantly, they demonstrate excellent stability in air for more than two months, while those based on CsPbI3 can survive only a few days in air. The progress reported represents a major leap for all-inorganic PSCs and paves the way for their further exploration in order to achieve higher performance.

10.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(49): 19269-19275, 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701745

RESUMO

Dinitrogen conversion to ammonia via electrochemical reduction with over 10% Faradaic efficiency is demonstrated in this work. Co-doped MoS2-x polycrystalline nanosheets with S vacancies as the catalysts are loaded onto carbon cloth by hydrothermal growth from Mo, Co, and S precursors. A sulfur vacancy on the MoS2-x basal plane mimicking the natural Mo-nitrogenase active site is modified by Co doping and exhibits superior dinitrogen-to-ammonia conversion activity. Density-functional simulation reveals that the free energy barrier, which can be compensated by applied overpotential, is reduced from 1.62 to 0.59 eV after Co doping. Meanwhile, dinitrogen tends to be chemically adsorbed to defective MoS2-x, which effectively activates the dinitrogen molecule for the dissociation of the N≡N triple bond. This process is further accelerated by Co doping, resulting from the modulation of Mo-N bonding configuration.

11.
Life Sci ; 239: 116909, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689439

RESUMO

Cytosolic calcium [Ca2+]cyt signaling plays a critical role in the regulation of multiple cellular functions, and Ca2+ channels/transporters are important to regulate calcium homeostasis whose abnormality may contribute human tumorogenesis including colorectal cancer (CRC). In this review, we summarized and discussed the current knowledge on pathogenic roles of the altered [Ca2+]cyt and Ca2+ channels/transporters like SOCE, TRP channels, SERCA and Na+/Ca2+ exchangers in CRC tumorigenesis and progression. Understanding the detailed molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of [Ca2+]cyt on CRC is essential to develop Ca2+ channels/transporters as diagnostic and therapeutic targets. Targeting Ca2+ signaling for cancer therapy has become an emerging research area nowadays, although our knowledge about the roles of Ca2+ channels/transporters in tumorigenesis is still in the early stage, we still believe that they will act as novel preventive/therapeutic targets for CRC with potentially extensive clinical significance.


Assuntos
Canais de Cálcio/metabolismo , Sinalização do Cálcio/fisiologia , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Animais , Cálcio/metabolismo , Canais de Cálcio/fisiologia , Sinalização do Cálcio/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Colo/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Citosol/metabolismo , Homeostase , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
12.
Sci Adv ; 5(10): eaau8763, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646171

RESUMO

Monitoring and controlling the neutral and charged excitons (trions) in two-dimensional (2D) materials are essential for the development of high-performance devices. However, nanoscale control is challenging because of diffraction-limited spatial resolution of conventional far-field techniques. Here, we extend the classical tip-enhanced photoluminescence based on tip-substrate nanocavity to quantum regime and demonstrate controlled nano-optical imaging, namely, tip-enhanced quantum plasmonics. In addition to improving the spatial resolution, we use the scanning probe to control the optoelectronic response of monolayer WS2 by varying the neutral/charged exciton ratio via charge tunneling in Au-Ag picocavity. We observe trion "hot spots" generated by varying the picometer-scale probe-sample distance and show the effects of weak and strong coupling, which depend on the spatial location. Our experimental results are in agreement with simulations and open an unprecedented view of a new range of quantum plasmonic phenomena with 2D materials that will help to design new quantum optoelectronic devices.

13.
Small ; 15(39): e1901650, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373741

RESUMO

Long-term instability and possible lead contamination are the two main issues limiting the widespread application of organic-inorganic lead halide perovskites. Here a facile and efficient solution-phase method is demonstrated to synthesize lead-free Cs2 SnX6 (X = Br, I) with a well-defined crystal structure, long-term stability, and high yield. Based on the systematic experimental data and first-principle simulation results, Cs2 SnX6 displays excellent stability against moisture, light, and high temperature, which can be ascribed to the unique vacancy-ordered defect-variant structure, stable chemical compositions with Sn4+ , as well as the lower formation enthalpy for Cs2 SnX6 . Additionally, photodetectors based on Cs2 SnI6 are also fabricated, which show excellent performance and stability. This study provides very useful insights into the development of lead-free double perovskites with high stability.

14.
Oncol Lett ; 18(3): 2771-2776, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452755

RESUMO

Cervical cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-associated mortality among females; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms of its carcinogenesis remain largely unclear. Previous comprehensive genomic studies have revealed prevalent estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) mutations in breast cancer, which are rare in certain other types of cancer. To the best of our knowledge, it is unknown whether ESR1 mutations also exist in cervical cancer. Considering the evidence that cervical cancer shares certain genetic aberrations with breast cancer, and that the progression of both breast and cervical cancers can be affected by estrogen, it is possible that cervical cancer may also harbor ESR1 mutations. In the present study, a total of 260 Chinese cervical cancer samples with distinct subtypes were tested for the presence of ESR1 mutations. A total of three heterozygous missense ESR1 mutations, p.K303R (c.908A>G), p.T311M (c.932C>T) and p.Y537C (c.1610A>G), were identified in 3/207 (1.4%) cervical squamous cell carcinoma samples, which were absent in 27 adenosquamous carcinomas and 26 adenocarcinomas samples. Of the three individuals with an ESR1mutation, 1 patient was also diagnosed with ovarian endometriosis and the other 2 patients were diagnosed with a uterine fibroid. A bioinformatics analysis suggested that these ESR1 mutations may be pathogenic by promoting the development of cervical cancer. Furthermore, a previous comprehensive study confirmed that individuals with cervical squamous cell carcinoma possessed ESR1 mutations. These combined studies indicate that ESR1 mutations may participate in the carcinogenesis of cervical squamous cell carcinoma, albeit at a low frequency. In conclusion, the present study identified three potentially pathogenic ESR1 mutations in Chinese cervical squamous cell carcinoma samples, but not in other subtypes.

15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(34): 30793-30800, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385688

RESUMO

Rechargeable lithium-oxygen (Li-O2) batteries (LOBs) with extremely high theoretical energy density have been regarded as a promising next-generation energy storage technology. However, the limited cycle life, undesirable corrosion, and safety hazards are seriously limiting the practical application of the lithium metal anode in LOBs. Here, we demonstrate a rational design of the Li-Al alloy (LiAlx) anode that successfully achieves ultralong cycling life of LOBs with stable Li cycling. Through in situ high-current pretreatment technology, Al atoms accumulates, and a stable Al2O3-containing solid electrolyte interphase protective film formed on the LiAlx anode surface to suppress side reactions and O2 crossover. The cycling life of LOB with the protected LiAlx anode increases to 667 cycles under a fixed capacity of 1000 mA h g-1, as compared to 17 cycles without pretreatment. We believe that this in situ high-current pretreatment strategy presents a new vision to protect the lithium-containing alloy anodes, such as Li-Al, Li-Mg, Li-Sn, and Li-In alloys for stable and safe lithium metal batteries (Li-O2 and Li-S batteries).

16.
Small ; 15(35): e1900578, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165564

RESUMO

Ultrathin 2D molybdenum disulfide (MoS2 ), which is the flagship of 2D transition-metal dichalcogenide nanomaterials, has drawn much attention in the last few years. 2D MoS2 has been banked as an alternative to platinum for highly active hydrogen evolution reaction because of its low cost, high surface-to-volume ratio, and abundant active sites. However, when MoS2 is used directly as a photocatalyst, contrary to public expectation, it still performs poorly due to lateral size, high recombination ratio of excitons, and low optical cross section. Besides, simply compositing MoS2 as a cocatalyst with other semiconductors cannot satisfy the practical application, which stimulates the pursual of a comprehensive insight into recent advances in synthesis, properties, and enhanced hydrogen production of MoS2 . Therefore, in this Review, emphasis is given to synthetic methods, phase transitions, tunable optical properties, and interfacial engineering of 2D MoS2 . Abundant ways of band edge tuning, structural modification, and phase transition are addressed, which can generate the neoteric photocatalytic systems. Finally, the main challenges and opportunities with respect to MoS2 being a cocatalyst and coherent light-matter interaction of MoS2 in photocatalytic systems are proposed.

17.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(25): 12422-12427, 2019 06 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152132

RESUMO

The development of thymocytes to mature T cells in the thymus is tightly controlled by cellular selection, in which only a small fraction of thymocytes equipped with proper quality of TCRs progress to maturation. It is pivotal to protect the survival of the few T cells, which pass the selection. However, the signaling events, which safeguard the cell survival in thymus, are not totally understood. In this study, protein Ser/Thr phosphorylation in thymocytes undergoing positive selection is profiled by mass spectrometry. The results revealed large numbers of dephosphorylation changes upon T cell receptor (TCR) activation during positive selection. Subsequent substrate analysis pinpointed protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) as the enzyme responsible for the dephosphorylation changes in developing thymocytes. PP2A catalytic subunit α (Ppp2ca) deletion in the T cell lineage in Ppp2ca flox/flox-Lck-Cre mice (PP2A cKO) displayed dysregulated dephosphorylation of apoptosis-related proteins in double-positive (DP) cells and caused substantially decreased numbers of DP CD4+ CD8+ cells. Increased levels of apoptosis in PP2A cKO DP cells were found to underlie aberrant thymocyte development. Finally, the defective thymocyte development in PP2A cKO mice could be rescued by either Bcl2 transgene expression or by p53 knockout. In summary, our work reveals an essential role of PP2A in promoting thymocyte development through the regulation of cell survival.


Assuntos
Sobrevivência Celular , Proteína Fosfatase 2/metabolismo , Timócitos/citologia , Animais , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Genes p53 , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Fosforilação , Proteína Fosfatase 2/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Timócitos/enzimologia
18.
Nano Lett ; 19(6): 3777-3781, 2019 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31059270

RESUMO

Manual assembly of atomically thin materials into heterostructures with desirable electronic properties is an approach that holds great promise. Despite the rapid expansion of the family of ultrathin materials, stackable and stable ferro/ferri magnets that are functional at room temperature are still out of reach. We report the growth of air-stable, transferable ultrathin iron oxide crystals that exhibit magnetic order at room temperature. These crystals require no passivation and can be prepared by scalable and cost-effective chemical vapor deposition. We demonstrate that the bonding between iron oxide and its growth substrate is van der Waals-like, enabling us to remove the crystals from their growth substrate and prepare iron oxide/graphene heterostructures.

19.
Sci Adv ; 5(5): eaau9785, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093523

RESUMO

Upcoming advancements in flexible technology require mechanically compliant dielectric materials. Current dielectrics have either high dielectric constant, K (e.g., metal oxides) or good flexibility (e.g., polymers). Here, we achieve a golden mean of these properties and obtain a lightweight, viscoelastic, high-K dielectric material by combining two nonpolar, brittle constituents, namely, sulfur (S) and selenium (Se). This S-Se alloy retains polymer-like mechanical flexibility along with a dielectric strength (40 kV/mm) and a high dielectric constant (K = 74 at 1 MHz) similar to those of established metal oxides. Our theoretical model suggests that the principal reason is the strong dipole moment generated due to the unique structural orientation between S and Se atoms. The S-Se alloys can bridge the chasm between mechanically soft and high-K dielectric materials toward several flexible device applications.

20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(13): 12777-12785, 2019 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30854848

RESUMO

Metal-semiconductor contact has been a critical topic in the semiconductor industry because it influences device performance remarkably. Conventional metals have served as the major contact material in electronic and optoelectronic devices, but such a selection becomes increasingly inadequate for emerging novel materials such as two-dimensional (2D) materials. Deposited metals on semiconducting 2D channels usually form large resistance contacts due to the high Schottky barrier. A few approaches have been reported to reduce the contact resistance but they are not suitable for large-scale application or they cannot create a clean and sharp interface. In this study, a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technique is introduced to produce large-area semiconducting 2D material (2H MoTe2) planarly contacted by its metallic phase (1T' MoTe2). We demonstrate the phase-controllable synthesis and systematic characterization of large-area MoTe2 films, including pure 2H phase or 1T' phase, and 2H/1T' in-plane heterostructure. Theoretical simulation shows a lower Schottky barrier in 2H/1T' junction than in Ti/2H contact, which is confirmed by electrical measurement. This one-step CVD method to synthesize large-area, seamless-bonding 2D lateral metal-semiconductor junction can improve the performance of 2D electronic and optoelectronic devices, paving the way for large-scale 2D integrated circuits.

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