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1.
N Engl J Med ; 382(21): 1981-1993, 2020 05 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374959

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In acute ischemic stroke, there is uncertainty regarding the benefit and risk of administering intravenous alteplase before endovascular thrombectomy. METHODS: We conducted a trial at 41 academic tertiary care centers in China to evaluate endovascular thrombectomy with or without intravenous alteplase in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Patients with acute ischemic stroke from large-vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to undergo endovascular thrombectomy alone (thrombectomy-alone group) or endovascular thrombectomy preceded by intravenous alteplase, at a dose of 0.9 mg per kilogram of body weight, administered within 4.5 hours after symptom onset (combination-therapy group). The primary analysis for noninferiority assessed the between-group difference in the distribution of the modified Rankin scale scores (range, 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [death]) at 90 days on the basis of a lower boundary of the 95% confidence interval of the adjusted common odds ratio equal to or larger than 0.8. We assessed various secondary outcomes, including death and reperfusion of the ischemic area. RESULTS: Of 1586 patients screened, 656 were enrolled, with 327 patients assigned to the thrombectomy-alone group and 329 assigned to the combination-therapy group. Endovascular thrombectomy alone was noninferior to combined intravenous alteplase and endovascular thrombectomy with regard to the primary outcome (adjusted common odds ratio, 1.07; 95% confidence interval, 0.81 to 1.40; P = 0.04 for noninferiority) but was associated with lower percentages of patients with successful reperfusion before thrombectomy (2.4% vs. 7.0%) and overall successful reperfusion (79.4% vs. 84.5%). Mortality at 90 days was 17.7% in the thrombectomy-alone group and 18.8% in the combination-therapy group. CONCLUSIONS: In Chinese patients with acute ischemic stroke from large-vessel occlusion, endovascular thrombectomy alone was noninferior with regard to functional outcome, within a 20% margin of confidence, to endovascular thrombectomy preceded by intravenous alteplase administered within 4.5 hours after symptom onset. (Funded by the Stroke Prevention Project of the National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China and the Wu Jieping Medical Foundation; DIRECT-MT ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03469206.).

2.
Int J Stroke ; : 1747493020913557, 2020 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223541

RESUMO

In China, stroke is a major cause of mortality, and long-term physical and cognitive impairment. To meet this challenge, the Ministry of Health China Stroke Prevention Project Committee (CSPPC) was established in April 2011. This committee actively promotes stroke prevention and control in China. With government financial support of 838.4 million CNY, 8.352 million people from 536 screening points in 31 provinces have received stroke screening and follow-up over the last seven years (2012-2018). In 2016, the CSPPC issued a plan to establish stroke centers. To shorten the pre-hospital period, the CSPPC established a stroke center network, stroke map, and stroke "Green Channel" to create three 1-h gold rescue circles, abbreviated as "1-1-1" (onset to call time <1 h; pre-hospital transfer time < 1 h, and door-to-needle time < 1 h). From 2017 to 2018, the median door-to-needle time dropped by 4.0% (95% confidence interval (CI), 1.4-9.4) from 50 min to 48 min, and the median onset-to-needle time dropped by 2.8% (95% CI, 0.4-5.2) from 180 min to 175 min. As of 31 December 2018, the CSPPC has established 380 stroke centers in mainland China. From 1 November 2018, the CSPPC has monitored the quality of stroke care in stroke center hospitals through the China Stroke Data Center Data Reporting Platform. The CSPPC Stroke program has led to a significant improvement in stroke care. This program needs to be further promoted nationwide.

4.
Ann Neurol ; 87(3): 357-369, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916277

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Aging is a major risk factor for numerous neurological disorders, and the mechanisms underlying brain aging remain elusive. Recent animal studies demonstrated a tight relationship between impairment of the glymphatic pathway, meningeal lymphatic vessels, and aging. However, the relationship in the human brain remains uncertain. METHODS: In this observational cohort study, patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging before and at multiple time points after intrathecal administration of a contrast agent. Head T1-weighted imaging was performed to assess the function of the glymphatic pathway and head high-resolution T2-fluid attenuated inversion recovery imaging to visualize putative meningeal lymphatic vessels (pMLVs). We measured the signal unit ratio (SUR) of 6 locations in the glymphatic pathway and pMLVs, defined the percentage change in SUR from baseline to 39 hours as the clearance of the glymphatic pathway and pMLVs, and then analyzed their relationships with aging. RESULTS: In all patients (N = 35), the SUR of the glymphatic pathway and pMLVs changed significantly after intrathecal injection of the contrast agent. The clearance of both the glymphatic pathway and pMLVs was related to aging (all p < 0.05). The clearance of pMLVs was significantly related to the clearance of the glymphatic pathway (all p < 0.05), and the clearance of the glymphatic pathway was significantly faster in patients with early filling of pMLVs than those with late filling (all p < 0.05). INTERPRETATION: We revealed that both the glymphatic pathway and pMLVs might be impaired in the aging human brain through the novel, clinically available method to simultaneously visualize their clearance. Our findings also support that in humans, pMLVs are the downstream of the glymphatic pathway. Ann Neurol 2020;87:357-369.

5.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The degeneration of the corticospinal tract (CST) in chronic stroke has been widely described using diffusion tensor imaging and correlates with the extent of motor deficits. However, only a few studies have reported the early degeneration in the distal CST during the acute stage of stroke and pathological changes in the distal CST have not been described. PURPOSE: To study the microstructural changes along the CST beyond the ischemic lesion in acute stroke using diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI). STUDY TYPE: Prospective. POPULATION: In all, 48 patients (26 males, 22 females; mean age 58.27 ± 12.89 years) with acute ischemic stroke. SEQUENCE: A DKI sequence with three b-values (0, 1000, and 2000 s/mm2 ) at 3.0T MRI. ASSESSMENT: The kurtosis and tensor parameters were derived from DKI and were compared along the length of the CST beyond the ischemic lesion between the affected and unaffected hemispheres using both voxelwise and slicewise analysis. The degree of neurological deficits was evaluated using the National Institute of Health Stroke Score (NIHSS) and the Barthel index and the clinical outcome at 3 months was evaluated using a modified Rankin scale. STATISTICAL TESTS: Paired t-tests, a linear mixed model, and multivariate linear regression. RESULTS: Voxelwise analysis demonstrated increased mean kurtosis, increased axial kurtosis, and decreased axial diffusivity in the affected CST, which were seen only at the level of the cerebral peduncle (all corrected P < 0.05). Slicewise analysis also demonstrated increased axial kurtosis in the cerebral peduncle of the affected CST (corrected P < 0.05). The axial kurtosis from slicewise analysis independently correlated with the motor component of NIHSS (ß = 0.297, P = 0.040). DATA CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that early anterograde degeneration occurs along the axon direction in the distal CST in acute stroke, and can be detected using DKI. Moreover, acute axonal degeneration along the CST correlated with motor deficits. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2 TECHNICAL EFFICACY STAGE: 1.

6.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 12(2): 127-131, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31239327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between blood pressure (BP) management and clinical outcome in patients with hyperattenuated lesions on non-contrast CT (NCCT) immediately after mechanical thrombectomy (MT). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our prospectively collected cohort for consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) who received MT between October 2013 and July 2018. Hourly systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) values were recorded for 24 hours following MT, and then maximum SBP (SBPmax) and DBP (DBPmax) values were identified. Poor outcome was defined as 3-month modified Rankin score (mRS) 3-6 and parenchymal hemorrhage (PH) was defined according to the European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study (ECASS) II trial. Associations of BP parameters with poor outcome and PH were determined using binary logistic regression models. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the predictive value of BP. RESULTS: Initially 262 patients with AIS who received MT were reviewed and 148 patients with hyperattenuated lesions on immediate NCCT were enrolled in the final cohort for analysis. Binary logistic regression showed that every 10 mm Hg increase in SBPmax was independently associated with a poor outcome (OR 1.426; 95% CI 1.095 to 1.855; p=0.008) and PH (OR 1.025; 95% CI 1.005 to 1.480; p=0.044). SBP ≤140 mm Hg during the post-procedural 24-hour period was associated with lower odds of a poor outcome and PH compared with the other group. CONCLUSIONS: Control of maximal SBP within 24 hours might be related to a low rate of PH and poor outcome in patients with hyperattenuated lesions on immediate NCCT after intervention.

7.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 41(3): 605-616, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675160

RESUMO

Cognitive processing speed is crucial for human cognition and declines with aging. White matter hyperintensity (WMH), a common sign of WM vascular damage in the elderly, is closely related to slower psychomotor processing speed. In this study, we investigated the association between WMH and psychomotor speed changes through a comprehensive assessment of brain structural and functional features. Multi-modal MRIs were acquired from 60 elderly adults. Psychomotor processing speeds were assessed using the Trail Making Test Part A (TMT-A). Linear regression analyses were performed to assess the associations between TMT-A and brain features, including WMH volumes in five cerebral regions, diffusivity parameters in the major WM tracts, regional gray matter volume, and brain activities across the whole brain. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to demonstrate the contribution of each index to slower psychomotor processing speed. Linear regression analysis demonstrated that WMH volume in the occipital lobe and fractional anisotropy of the forceps major, an occipital association tract, were associated with TMT-A. Besides, resting-state brain activities in the visual cortex connected to the forceps major were associated with TMT-A. Hierarchical regression showed fractional anisotropy of the forceps major and regional brain activities were significant predictors of TMT-A. The occurrence of WMH, combined with the disruption of passing-through fiber integrity and altered functional activities in areas connected by this fiber, are associated with a decline of psychomotor processing speed. While the causal relationship of this WMH-Tract-Function-Behavior link requires further investigation, this study enhances our understanding of these complex mechanisms.

8.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2019: 1607181, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867054

RESUMO

Aim: Though combination of clopidogrel added to aspirin has been compared to aspirin alone in patients with stroke or transient ischemic attack, limited data exists on the relative efficacy and safety between clopidogrel and aspirin monotherapy in patients with a recent ischemic stroke. We aimed to compare clopidogrel versus aspirin monotherapy in this population. Methods: PubMed, Embase, and CENTRAL databases were searched from inception to May 2018 to identify clinical trials and observational studies comparing clopidogrel versus aspirin for secondary prevention in patients with recent ischemic stroke within 12 months. Pooled effect estimates were calculated using a random effects model and were reported as risk ratios with 95% confidence intervals. Results: Five studies meeting eligibility criteria were included in the analysis. A total of 29,357 adult patients who had recent ischemic stroke received either clopidogrel (n = 14, 293) or aspirin (n = 15, 064) for secondary prevention. Pairwise meta-analysis showed a statistically significant risk reduction in the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (risk ratio 0.72 [95% CI, 0.53-0.97]), any ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke (0.76 [0.58, 0.99), and recurrent ischemic stroke (0.72 [0.55, 0.94]) in patients who received clopidogrel versus aspirin. The risk of bleeding was also lower for clopidogrel versus aspirin (0.57 [0.45, 0.74]). There was no difference in the rate of all-cause mortality between the two groups. Conclusions: The analysis showed lower risks of major adverse cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events, recurrent stroke, and bleeding events for clopidogrel monotherapy compared to aspirin. These findings support clinical benefit for single antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel over aspirin for secondary prevention in patients with recent ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/mortalidade , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Recidiva , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Am J Med ; 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent trials failed to demonstrate that anticoagulation was superior to antiplatelet agents in preventing recurrent stroke after embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS), which may be as a result of the heterogeneity of etiology. We thus investigated whether the use of 2-phase cardiac computed tomography (CT) could help to evaluate the etiology in patients with ESUS. METHODS: We performed 2-phase cardiac CT in patients with ESUS and evaluated whether there was positive cardiac findings. RESULTS: A total of 74 patients with ESUS were enrolled. Positive cardiac findings were found in 21 (28.4%) patients, including intracardiac thrombus (n = 5), complex aortic plaque (n = 9), and patent foramen ovale (PFO) (n = 8). Both complex aortic plaque and patent foramen ovale were identified in 1 patient. CONCLUSIONS: Two-phase cardiac CT is a useful tool for stroke etiology evaluation, providing diagnostic information in a quarter of patients with ESUS.

10.
Front Psychiatry ; 10: 734, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681043

RESUMO

Objectives: With the trend of an aging population, an increasing prevalence of late-life depression has been identified. Several studies demonstrated that iron deposition was significantly related to the severity of symptoms in patients with depression. However, whether brain iron deposits influence depressive symptoms is so far unclear in the community of older adults. We measured iron deposition in deep intracranial nucleus by quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) and aimed to explore the relationship between iron deposition and depressive symptoms. Methods: We reviewed the data of a community population from CIRCLE study, which is a single-center prospective observational study that enrolled individuals above 40 years old with cerebral small vessel disease (SVD), while free of known dementia or stroke. We evaluated regional iron deposits on QSM, measured the volume of white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) on T2 fluid-attenuated inversion recovery, and assessed depressive symptoms by Hamilton depression scale (HDRS). We defined depressive symptom as HDRS > 7. Results: A total of 185 participants were enrolled. Participants in depressive symptom group had higher QSM value in thalamus than control group (18.79 ± 14.94 vs 13.29 ± 7.64, p = 0.003). The QSM value in the thalamus was an independent factor for the presence of depressive symptoms (OR = 1.055; 95% CI: 1.011-1.100; p = 0.013). The regional QSM values in other areas were not associated with HDRS score (all p > 0.05). No significant correlations were observed between WMHs volume and HDRS score (p > 0.05), or regional QSM values and WMHs volume (all p > 0.05). Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that iron deposits in the thalamus were related to the depressive symptoms in older adults.

12.
Neurology ; 93(15): e1463-e1473, 2019 10 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492719

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship between insufficient ipsilateral cerebral venous drainage and the development of perihematomal edema (PHE) and functional outcome in patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our prospectively collected database for patients with acute spontaneous supratentorial ICH and analyzed patients who underwent baseline CT perfusion (CTP) within 6 hours of onset and noncontrast CT at 24 hours. Absence of filling of 1 or more of the ipsilateral superficial middle cerebral vein, vein of Trolard, vein of Labbé, basal vein of Rosenthal, and internal cerebral vein, evaluated on venous maps generated from baseline CTP, was identified as absent ipsilateral venous filling (AIVF). Relative PHE (rPHE) was calculated as the ratio of PHE volume to hematoma volume on follow-up CT. RESULTS: A total of 138 patients were included. Median absolute PHE volume on follow-up CT was 3.5 (1.0-9.3) mL and rPHE was 24.3% (9.0%-49.4%). One absent ipsilateral vein was observed in 38 (27.5%) patients, and 2 absent veins were observed in 5 (3.6%) patients. Multivariate analysis showed that AIVF was independently associated with large rPHE at 24 hours (odds ratio [OR] 4.032, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.739-9.347, p < 0.001). Large PHE volume was independently associated with poor outcome (OR 1.109, 95% CI 1.009-1.218, p = 0.031). CONCLUSION: AIVF was observed in about one-third of patients with acute ICH, which might be attributed to hypoperfusion after ICH and was strongly related to the development of PHE. Identification of cerebral venous filling status might be a promising imaging marker for PHE and a potential therapeutic target in ICH.


Assuntos
Edema Encefálico/complicações , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Veias Cerebrais/fisiopatologia , Hematoma/complicações , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Edema Encefálico/fisiopatologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Drenagem/métodos , Edema/complicações , Edema/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Hematoma/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada
13.
Neuroimage Clin ; 24: 102000, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494401

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The benefit threshold of infarct volume from recanalization remains unclear. We assumed that the threshold decreased over time, and then investigated the benefit curve of infarct volume during different time periods. METHODS: We reviewed prospectively collected clinical and imaging data from acute ischemic stroke patients with internal carotid artery and M1 occlusion who underwent angiography before and 24 h after reperfusion therapy. Ordinal analyses of modified Rankin Scale scores were performed and curves were fitted. RESULTS: Of the included 445 patients, the median age was 71 years and 157 (35.3%) were women. The mean time from onset to treatment (OTT) was 248 ±â€¯142 min. The median baseline infarct core volume was 49 (IQR 22-85) ml. Follow-up angiography revealed recanalization in 265 (59.6%) patients. The fitting curves showed that patients with an OTT ≤3 h would benefit from recanalization no matter how large the infarct volume was, whereas patients with an OTT between 3 and 4.5 h and with an infarct volume ≥ 125 ml, and those with an OTT ≥ 4.5 h and with an infarct volume ≥ 80 ml did not benefit from recanalization. CONCLUSIONS: We established a time-dependent benefit threshold of infarct volume from recanalization, and thus suggested to estimate infarct core volume to select patients for reperfusion therapy in those with an OTT beyond 3 h.

14.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 48(3): 241-246, 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496154

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of emergency medical service (EMS) on the prognosis of ischemic stroke patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis. METHODS: Clinical data of 2123 ischemic stroke patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis in 70 hospitals in Zhejiang province were retrospectively analyzed. There were 808 patients sent to the hospital by ambulance (EMS group) and 1315 patients by other transportations (non-EMS group). Good outcome was defined as modified Rankin Scale (mRS) ≤ 2 at 3-month. The onset to needle time (ONT), onset to door time (ODT), door to needle time (DNT) and outcome were compared between EMS group and non-EMS group. Binary logistic regression was used to explore the influencing factors for the outcome at 3-month. RESULTS: Compared with the non-EMS group, patients in the EMS group were older, with higher baseline National Institute of Health Sroke Scale (NIHSS) score, and had a higher proportion of atrial fibrillation (all P<0.05), but there were no significant differences in ONT, ODT and DNT between two groups (all P>0.05). Binary logistic regression showed that EMS was not independently associated with good outcome (OR=0.856, 95%CI:0.664-1.103, P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: EMS had not improve the outcome of patients receiving intravenous thrombolysis in Zhejiang province.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Terapia Trombolítica , Administração Intravenosa , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 48(3): 247-253, 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496155

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of treatment time on the outcome of patients with ischemic stroke undergoing reperfusion therapy. METHODS: The clinical data of 3229 ischemic stroke patients who received intravenous thrombolysis with or without arterial thrombolysis from 71 hospitals in Zhejiang province from June 2017 to September 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. The good outcome was defined as modified Rankin Scale (mRS) ≤ 2. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the association of door to needle time (DNT), or door to reperfusion time (DRT) with the outcomes in patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis or bridging arterial thrombolysis, respectively. RESULTS: Binary logistic regression showed that DNT (OR=0.994, 95%CI:0.991-0.997, P<0.01) or DRT (OR=0.989, 95%CI:0.983-0.995, P<0.01) were independently associated with good outcomes, respectively. Every hour decreases in DNT resulted in a 4.7%increased probability of functional independence (mRS 0-2) in patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis; Every hour decreases in DRT was associated with a 11.4%increased probability of functional independence in patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis with arterial thrombolysis. CONCLUSIONS: Good outcomes are associated with lower DNT in ischemic stroke patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis or lower DRT in patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis bridging arterial thrombolysis.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Terapia Trombolítica , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Reperfusão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 48(3): 254-259, 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496156

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of atrial fibrillation (AF) with hemorrhagic transformation (HT) in patients with ischemic stroke treated by intravenous thrombolysis. METHODS: Clinical data of 3272 patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis from 71 hospitals in Zhejiang Province during June 2017 and December 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Intracranial HT was defined as intracranial hemorrhage suggested by imaging examination 24 hours after intravenous thrombolysis. Patients were dichotomized into HT group (n=533) and non-HT group (n=2739). The association of AF and HT was analyzed by univariate analysis and binary logistic regression. RESULTS: Compared with the non-HT group, the HT group were older, had longer onset to needle time (ONT), higher baseline National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, higher baseline glucose level, and higher AF rate (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Binary logistic regression analysis revealed that AF was independently associated with HT (OR=2.527, 95%CI:2.030-3.146, P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: AF is independently associated with the occurrence of HT in ischemic stroke patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Antifibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Antifibrinolíticos/farmacologia , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 48(3): 260-266, 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496157

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the time delay between in-hospital stroke and out-of-hospital stroke patients, and to explore the influence factors for the prognosis of in-hospital stroke patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis. METHODS: Clinical data of 3050 patients with ischemic stroke who received intravenous thrombolysis in 71 hospitals in Zhejiang province from June 2017 to September 2018 were analyzed. Differences of time delay including door to imaging time (DIT), imaging to needle time (INT) and door to needle time (DNT) between in-hospital stroke (n=101) and out-of-hospital stroke (n=2949) were observed. The influencing factors for the outcome at 3 month after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with in-hospital stroke were analyzed using binary logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Patients with in-hospital stroke had longer DIT[53.5 (32.0-79.8) min vs. 20.0 (14.0-28.0) min, P<0.01], longer IDT[47.5(27.3-64.0)min vs. 36.0(24.0-53.0)min, P<0.01], and longer DNT[99.0 (70.5-140.5) min vs. 55.0 (41.0-74.0) min, P<0.01], compared with patients with out-of-hospital stroke; patients in comprehensive stroke center had longer DIT[59.5(44.5-83.3) min vs. 37.5(16.5-63.5) min, P<0.01], longer DNT[110.0(77.0-145.0) min vs. 88.0 (53.8-124.3) min, P<0.05], but shorter INT[36.5(23.8-60.3)min vs. 53.5 (34.3-64.8) min, P<0.05], compared with patients in primary stroke center. Age (OR=0.934, 95%CI: 0.882-0.989, P<0.05) and baseline National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score (OR=0.912, 95%CI: 0.855-0.973, P<0.01) were independent risk factors for prognosis of in-hospital stroke patients. CONCLUSIONS: In-hospital stroke had longer DIT and DNT than out-of-hospital stroke, which suggests that a more smooth thrombolysis process of in-hospital stroke should be established.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica , Administração Intravenosa , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Prognóstico , Terapia Trombolítica/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 48(3): 267-274, 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496158

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of working time on the prognosis of patients with ischemic stroke undergoing intravenous thrombolysis. METHODS: Clinical data of 3050 patients with ischemic stroke received intravenous thrombolysis from 71 hospitals in Zhejiang Province during June 2017 and September 2018 were retrospective analyzed. Whole day of Saturday and Sunday were defined as weekend; whole day of Monday to Friday were defined as weekdays; Monday to Friday 8:00-17:00 were defined as daytime of weekdays; Monday to Friday 17:01-07:59 on next day were defined as nights of weekdays; unconventional working time were defined as weekend and nights of weekdays. Good outcome was defined as mRS 0-2 at 3 months. Univariate analyses of baseline and prognostic variables in group of weekend and weekdays, nights of weekdays and daytime of weekdays, unconventional working time and daytime of weekdays were performed. Binary logistic regression was used to investigate whether weekend, nights of weekdays and unconventional working time were independent predicting factors of outcome after intravenous thrombolysis, respectively. RESULTS: There was no difference in 7-day mortality, 3-month mortality and good outcome at 3-month between weekend group and weekdays group, nights of weekdays group and daytime of weekdays group, unconventional working time group and daytime of weekdays group (all P>0.05). Binary logistic regression results showed that weekends, nights of weekdays and unconventional working time were not independent predicting factors for outcome after intravenous thrombolysis (all P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The working time has not affected the outcomes of patients with ischemic stroke undergoing intravenous thrombolysis in studied hospitals of Zhejiang province.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Terapia Trombolítica , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Transl Stroke Res ; 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485869

RESUMO

Early neurological deterioration (END) after thrombolysis occurs in 10% acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients, and its mechanism remains unclear in majority of cases, named as unexplained END. We tested the hypothesis that penumbra/infarct growth beyond the initial penumbra might be the cause of unexplained END. We reviewed the database of AIS patients who received reperfusion therapy. Unexplained END was defined as ≥ 2-point increase of NIHSS from baseline to 24 h, without straightforward causes. For each unexplained END patient, we extracted 2 matched controls based on 4 clinical and radiological characteristics which were strongly associated with unexplained END. We defined extra-penumbra and extra-infarct as penumbra and infarct growth at 24 h beyond baseline penumbral tissue and then investigated the relationship between extra-penumbra and extra-infarct and the presence of unexplained END. Finally, 44 unexplained END patients and 88 matched controls were included. The volume of both extra-infarct (OR, 1.032 per 1-mL increase; p = 0.018) and extra-penumbra (OR, 1.070 per 1-mL increase; p < 0.001) were associated with the presence of unexplained END, while the absence of recanalization was associated with the presence of either extra-infarct or extra-penumbra (OR, 3.291; p = 0.001). Moreover, 51.4% cases with extra-penumbra at 24 h finally progressed to infarct at 7 days, and they underwent higher increase of NIHSS from 24 h to 7 days than those that did not progress to infarct at 7 days (4.0 vs 1.0; p = 0.017). Penumbra/infarct growth beyond the initial penumbra is involved in the unexplained END in AIS patients receiving reperfusion therapy.

20.
Stroke ; 50(10): 2716-2721, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394994

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- We aimed to thoroughly investigate the relationship between early fibrinogen depletion and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) in patients receiving reperfusion therapy including intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) with or without endovascular thrombectomy (EVT). Methods- This study included 1135 stroke patients with baseline and follow-up fibrinogen levels at 2 hours after the beginning of alteplase infusion for those with IVT only or immediately after the end of EVT for those with combined IVT and EVT. Patients received alteplase up to 9 hours after the onset or on awakening based on automated perfusion imaging. sICH was ascertained using ECASS II (The Second European-Australasian Acute Stroke Study) criteria. Δfibrinogen was calculated as follow-up fibrinogen minus baseline fibrinogen. Results- In patients with IVT only, baseline fibrinogen level was 3.36±0.94 g/L and decreased to 2.47±0.80 g/L at 2 hours after the beginning of alteplase infusion. In patients with IVT followed by EVT, baseline fibrinogen level was 3.35±0.82 g/L and decreased to 2.52±0.83 g/L immediately after the end of EVT. sICH was observed in 44 (3.9%) patients. The extent of Δfibrinogen was associated with sICH in patients with IVT only (odds ratio, 1.929; 95% CI, 1.402-2.654; P<0.001) and in those with IVT followed by EVT (odds ratio, 1.765; 95% CI, 1.135-2.743; P=0.012). Conclusions- An early decrease in fibrinogen levels was related to sICH after reperfusion therapy with alteplase. More fibrin-specific thrombolytic agents are warranted to be tested in acute ischemic stroke patients. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT03367286.

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