Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 35
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Exp Hematol Oncol ; 11(1): 25, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35505384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) remains the major cause of early mortality after haploidentical related donor (HID) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We aimed to establish a comprehensive model which could predict severe aGVHD after HID HSCT. METHODS: Consecutive 470 acute leukemia patients receiving HID HSCT according to the protocol registered at https://clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03756675) were enrolled, 70% of them (n = 335) were randomly selected as training cohort and the remains 30% (n = 135) were used as validation cohort. RESULTS: The equation was as follows: Probability (grade III-IV aGVHD) = [Formula: see text], where Y = -0.0288 × (age) + 0.7965 × (gender) + 0.8371 × (CD3 + /CD14 + cells ratio in graft) + 0.5829 × (donor/recipient relation) - 0.0089 × (CD8 + cell counts in graft) - 2.9046. The threshold of probability was 0.057392 which helped separate patients into high- and low-risk groups. The 100-day cumulative incidence of grade III-IV aGVHD in the low- and high-risk groups was 4.1% (95% CI 1.9-6.3%) versus 12.8% (95% CI 7.4-18.2%) (P = 0.001), 3.2% (95% CI 1.2-5.1%) versus 10.6% (95% CI 4.7-16.5%) (P = 0.006), and 6.1% (95% CI 1.3-10.9%) versus 19.4% (95% CI 6.3-32.5%) (P = 0.017), respectively, in total, training, and validation cohort. The rates of grade III-IV skin and gut aGVHD in high-risk group were both significantly higher than those of low-risk group. This model could also predict grade II-IV and grade I-IV aGVHD. CONCLUSIONS: We established a model which could predict the development of severe aGVHD in HID HSCT recipients.

2.
J Mater Chem B ; 10(22): 4306-4320, 2022 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35586908

RESUMO

The poor penetration into deep tumor tissues of nanomedicines could not inhibit the production of lactic acid by deep tumor glycolysis, which leads to the accumulation of lactic acid and promotes tumor metastasis. In order to increase tumor penetration, it remains challenging to avoid tumor metastasis by the direct degradation of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Herein, in order to increase tumor penetration, a nano-platform, which can reduce extracellular matrix (ECM) production, and inhibit the glycolysis of deep tumors by releasing ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) is reported. In this design, EDTA and indocyanine green (ICG) are encapsulated in the liposome by a thin-film hydration method, and folic acid (FA) and the polyethyleneimine polymer (FA-PEI) are applied to coat the surface of liposomes through electrostatic interactions, and the FA-EDTA/ICG-Lip nanoparticles are obtained. FA-EDTA/ICG-Lip NPs can release EDTA and ICG in lysosomes (pH 4.5) to reduce ECM production by down-regulating transforming growth factor ß (TGF-ß) and activating an immune response by inducing tumor cell immunogenic cell death (ICD), respectively. Simultaneously, EDTA inhibits glycolysis of deep tumors by chelating Mg2+. By avoiding tumor metastasis, the strategy of indirectly reducing ECM production is demonstrated to enhance tumor penetration and inhibit deep tumor glycolysis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ácido Edético , Feminino , Ácido Fólico , Glicólise , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina/farmacologia , Ácido Láctico , Lipossomos
4.
Nature ; 603(7902): 610-615, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35322253

RESUMO

The Fermi surface plays an important role in controlling the electronic, transport and thermodynamic properties of materials. As the Fermi surface consists of closed contours in the momentum space for well-defined energy bands, disconnected sections known as Fermi arcs can be signatures of unusual electronic states, such as a pseudogap1. Another way to obtain Fermi arcs is to break either the time-reversal symmetry2 or the inversion symmetry3 of a three-dimensional Dirac semimetal, which results in formation of pairs of Weyl nodes that have opposite chirality4, and their projections are connected by Fermi arcs at the bulk boundary3,5-12. Here, we present experimental evidence that pairs of hole- and electron-like Fermi arcs emerge below the Neel temperature (TN) in the antiferromagnetic state of cubic NdBi due to a new magnetic splitting effect. The observed magnetic splitting is unusual, as it creates bands of opposing curvature, which change with temperature and follow the antiferromagnetic order parameter. This is different from previous theoretically considered13,14 and experimentally reported cases15,16 of magnetic splitting, such as traditional Zeeman and Rashba, in which the curvature of the bands is preserved. Therefore, our findings demonstrate a type of magnetic band splitting in the presence of a long-range antiferromagnetic order that is not readily explained by existing theoretical ideas.

5.
Phys Rev Lett ; 128(3): 036402, 2022 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35119899

RESUMO

The entanglement of charge density wave (CDW), superconductivity, and topologically nontrivial electronic structure has recently been discovered in the kagome metal AV_{3}Sb_{5} (A=K, Rb, Cs) family. With high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we study the electronic properties of CDW and superconductivity in CsV_{3}Sb_{5}. The spectra around K[over ¯] is found to exhibit a peak-dip-hump structure associated with two separate branches of dispersion, demonstrating the isotropic CDW gap opening below E_{F}. The peak-dip-hump line shape is contributed by linearly dispersive Dirac bands in the lower branch and a dispersionless flat band close to E_{F} in the upper branch. The electronic instability via Fermi surface nesting could play a role in determining these CDW-related features. The superconducting gap of ∼0.4 meV is observed on both the electron band around Γ[over ¯] and the flat band around K[over ¯], implying the multiband superconductivity. The finite density of states at E_{F} in the CDW phase is most likely in favor of the emergence of multiband superconductivity, particularly the enhanced density of states associated with the flat band. Our results not only shed light on the controversial origin of the CDW, but also offer insights into the relationship between CDW and superconductivity.

6.
Bioresour Technol ; 344(Pt B): 126174, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737047

RESUMO

To investigate the effect of hemicellulose removal on subsequent choline chloride and lactic acid (ChCl-LA) based deep eutectic solvent (DES) extraction of wheat straw lignin, ChCL-LA of DES and hot water presoaking pretreatments were used for hemicellulose prehydrolysis. Both presoakings led to a significant hemicellulose removal and introduced morphological changes on fiber cell wall surface. DES presoaking also instigated ether bonds cleavage between lignin and hemicellulose and selectively removed lignin in compound middle lamella (CML) and cell corner (CC) leading to cell wall disruption and swelling which facilitated lignin extraction. Hot water presoaking removed more hemicellulose and caused a migration of lignin to fibers surface, but did not improve subsequent lignin extraction. This study demonstrated that a two-stage DES treatment method, presoaking at room temperature followed by extracting at an elevated temperature, is a viable process to produce high yield and purity of lignin.


Assuntos
Lignina , Triticum , Carboidratos , Solventes
7.
ACS Omega ; 6(49): 34129-34136, 2021 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34926960

RESUMO

Green synthesis of lignin-based carbon materials can accelerate the development of energy storage and conversion in supercapacitors. In this work, hierarchical graphenelike carbon was prepared by alkali lignin (AL) pyrolysis at a high temperature of 1700 °C. Accompanied by metal salt catalysis and a nitrogen hybridization reaction, a unique nanostructure of graphitized ALC was obtained with both a well-ordered 2D sheet lamellar structure and a uniform bowl-like porous structure. ALC exhibited a graphenelike lattice structure, a BET specific surface area of 1190 m2·g-1, and excellent electrochemical performance (104 F·g-1/0.5 A·g-1). The study offers a prospective way to the high-value application of industrial lignin in supercapacitor electrode materials.

8.
Leuk Res Rep ; 16: 100258, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34367907

RESUMO

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a highly curable hematology malignancy. The major factor influence prognosis of APL is early deaths (ED) during the course of induction therapy, especially in high-risk APL. Therefore, effective reduction of white blood cells and correction of coagulation abnormalities are the key points of treatment for high-risk APL. Due to COVID19 pandemic in China since Jan 2020, some patients with hematologic malignancies suspected of COVID-19 infection had been isolated and traditional intravenous chemotherapy drugs is not available in isolated wards. We had explored a regimen of an oral etoposide to reduce the tumor burden for high-risk APL and dual induction with retinoic acid (ATRA) and oral arsenic realgar-Indigo nautralis formula (RIF), and finally two cases of high-risk APL patients received complete remission in one month. It is indicated that pure oral induction regimen: oral etoposide, ATRA and RIF provides a novel therapy in outpatient clinics.

9.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 12(6)2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34073636

RESUMO

Microfluidic chips and optical elements can be fabricated based on the nonlinear photosensitivity in photo-thermo-refractive (PTR) glass by controlling the growth of nanocrystals in the femtosecond (fs) laser-irradiated region. Here, we focus on CeO2 and Sb2O3 that play important roles in UV irradiation, experimentally investigate the effects of the dopants on the nonlinear photochemical process in PTR glass triggered by fs Gaussian-Bessel beams. The results show that the generation of Ag0 atoms and the Ag nanoparticles can be improved by CeO2 and Sb2O3 co-doping. Besides, each multivalent ion in PTR glass possibly participates in the electron transfer processes and contributes to the generation of Ag0 atoms. Finally, X-ray diffraction analysis reveals the precipitation of NaF nanocrystals with an average size of 10 to 12 nm after laser irradiation and thermal treatment, which is unrelated to the dopants.

10.
Analyst ; 146(14): 4674-4682, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190228

RESUMO

With the existing medical diagnostic technology, the diagnosis of atherosclerosis (AS) is mainly focused on the later stage of AS development rather than plaque imaging in the period before plaque formation. It is impractical to apply the existing theoretical methods for the purpose of early detection of AS. Herein, this study uses a naphthalimide-based fluorescent probe for recognition of cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). A platelet membrane (Mp) with foam cell targeting was wrapped around the probes to prepare two vesicle structures TBNG@Mp and GNTB@Mp. The animal experiment results show that the screened nano-detection system TBNG@Mp could accumulate in the thoracic aorta of early AS rats. Under the effect of intracellular ROS, fluorescence signals can be observed. In addition, acute biological toxicity was not observed in pathological sections. Therefore, the foam cell targeting system TBNG@Mp with acceptable biocompatibility can realize the detection of AS one to two decades in advance as well as has a good application prospect.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Animais , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Precoce , Corantes Fluorescentes , Naftalimidas , Ratos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3129, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34035305

RESUMO

Kagome-lattices of 3d-transition metals hosting Weyl/Dirac fermions and topological flat bands exhibit non-trivial topological characters and novel quantum phases, such as the anomalous Hall effect and fractional quantum Hall effect. With consideration of spin-orbit coupling and electron correlation, several instabilities could be induced. The typical characters of the electronic structure of a kagome lattice, i.e., the saddle point, Dirac-cone, and flat band, around the Fermi energy (EF) remain elusive in magnetic kagome materials. We present the experimental observation of the complete features in ferromagnetic kagome layers of YMn6Sn6 helically coupled along the c-axis, by using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and band structure calculations. We demonstrate a Dirac dispersion near EF, which is predicted by spin-polarized theoretical calculations, carries an intrinsic Berry curvature and contributes to the anomalous Hall effect in transport measurements. In addition, a flat band and a saddle point with a high density of states near EF are observed. These multi-sets of kagome features are of orbital-selective origin and could cause multi-orbital magnetism. The Dirac fermion, flat band and saddle point in the vicinity of EF open an opportunity in manipulating the topological properties in magnetic materials.

12.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 12(3)2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652965

RESUMO

Antireflection and superhydrophilicity performance are desirable for improving the properties of electronic devices. Here, we experimentally provide a strategy of femtosecond laser preparation to create micro-nanostructures on the graphite surface in an air environment. The modified graphite surface is covered with abundant micro-nano structures, and its average reflectance is measured to be 2.7% in the ultraviolet, visible and near-infrared regions (250 to 2250 nm). The wettability transformation of the surface from hydrophilicity to superhydrophilicity is realized. Besides, graphene oxide (GO) and graphene are proved to be formed on the sample surface. This micro-nanostructuring method, which demonstrates features of high efficiency, high controllability, and hazardous substances zero discharge, exhibits the application for functional surface.

13.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(5): 1424-1431, 2021 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465212

RESUMO

The poor penetration of solid tumors hinders the development of hunger therapy represented by glucose oxidase (GOx). To address this limitation, we have constructed a GOx/Dex@ZIF-TA nanosystem consisting of tannic acid (TA), carrier ZIF-8, encapsulated GOx and dexamethasone (Dex). In this nanosystem, the loaded Dex can not only expand the pores of the nucleus to promote GOx to enter the nucleus, addressing the shortcomings of short life of reactive oxygen species, but also inhibit the production of collagen to reshape the tumor microenvironment and inhibit lung metastasis. In vivo experiments proved that Dex could inhibit the production of collagen, which increased the accumulation and penetration of the tumor tissues and inhibited lung metastasis. In addition, cell experiments showed that Dex could also enlarge the nuclear pores of the nucleus and promote the entry of drugs into the nucleus. More importantly, Dex is a broad anti-inflammatory drug, and the results of this study should be easily transformed to achieve clinical benefits. Together, this work provided a way to address the limitations of hunger distribution in tumor tissues.


Assuntos
Glucose Oxidase/metabolismo , Humanos , Metástase Neoplásica , Microambiente Tumoral
15.
Anticancer Drugs ; 32(2): 203-209, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186140

RESUMO

Weekly and triweekly cisplatin-alone concomitant chemoradiotherapy regimens after radical surgery were compared in stages IB-IIA cervical cancer with intermediate- or high-risk factors to identify the better therapeutic regimen. We retrospectively analyzed patients with stages IB-IIA cervical cancer who received radical hysterectomy followed by concurrent adjuvant chemoradiotherapy to compare the efficiency between weekly and triweekly regimen groups. We evaluated between-group differences in survival, recurrence, compliance, and adverse effects. A total of 217 patients were included in this study (triweekly group vs. weekly group; 97 vs. 120). The mean follow-up was 47.2 months. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 84.4% or 76.5% for patients treated with triweekly cisplatin chemotherapy or the weekly regimen, respectively (P = 0.110). The 5-year overall survival (OS) was 82.4 and 78.6% for the same treatment groups, respectively (P = 0.540). The DFS of the patients with pelvic lymph node metastasis were marginally better in triweekly regimen group compared with the weekly group (P = 0.031). Grades 3-4 leukopenia was significantly more common in the triweekly group (P = 0.028). The weekly cisplatin chemotherapy group experienced the same therapeutic effect as the triweekly cisplatin-alone chemotherapy group but with less toxicity. However, triweekly cisplatin regimen reduced the recurrence in patients with pelvic lymph node metastasis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Quimiorradioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/métodos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
16.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(33): 7528-7538, 2020 08 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32678404

RESUMO

We designed a pH intelligently driven self-assembled nano-platform (GOx@ZIF-OVA). The nano-platform was composed of glucose oxidase (GOx), ovalbumin (OVA) and zeolitic imidazolate skeleton-8 (ZIF-8). The goal was to address the depth and cumulative limits of the drug at the tumor site. Firstly, OVA-modified GOx@ZIF could greatly increase tumor accumulation due to spontaneous self-assembly from 142.2 ± 9.1 to 705.5 ± 52.1 nm and the 5779.4 ± 598.3 nm giant at pH values of 7.4, 6.5, and 5.0, respectively. More importantly, the tumor-like sphere experiments demonstrated that the encapsulated GOx "vampires" can cut off the energy source of tumors and poisonous tumor cells without depth limitations. Furthermore, immunofluorescence assay and cytotoxicity assay tests in vivo proved that T cell infiltration could be significantly increased, triggering an effective anti-tumor immune response and inhibiting lung metastasis. Therefore, the experimental results demonstrated that the acid-smart-driven nano-platform has the potential to address the limitations of tumor depth and drug accumulation in solid tumors.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas/química , Ovalbumina/química , Ovalbumina/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Glucose Oxidase/metabolismo , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Zeolitas/química
17.
Pharmacol Res ; 158: 104885, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434051

RESUMO

The antioxidant effect weakens the ability of PDT to resist melanoma, and the hypoxic tumor environment further restricts the application of photosensitizers in tumors. Therefore, to enhance the ability of PDT to resist melanoma, we designed a sequential enhanced PDT theranostic platform (Au@MTM-HA). Firstly, the nanotherapeutic platform uses TiO2 as a photosensitizer, which is doped with MnO2 to form a mesoporous MTM. The MTM can continuously provide oxygen, thereby increasing the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reducing the metastatic effect by alleviating tumor hypoxia. Furthermore, the released Au25Sv9 could inhibit the activity of antioxidant defense enzymes and reduce the scavenging of ROS and further enhance the PDT effect. Simultaneously, surface-modified HA could not only recognize CD44 receptor but also act as a sealing agent for carriers. Result: Au@MTM-HA could explosively produce a 3-fold higher ROS and improve the PDT effect. Therefore, this work may provide strong evidence for Au@MTM-HA as a new and promising PDT candidate for the treatment of metastatic melanoma.


Assuntos
Melanoma/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/administração & dosagem , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/metabolismo , Animais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Ouro/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Melanoma Experimental , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Titânio/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto/métodos
19.
J Cancer ; 11(3): 559-569, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31942179

RESUMO

Cisplatin-based chemotherapy is the standard treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, drug resistance emergences after treatment. Long non-coding RNA microvascular invasion in hepatic cancer (MVIH) plays an important role in drug resistance in a variety of cancers. This study investigates the role of nedaplatin on multidrug resistance in NSCLC and its relationship with MVIH. Lung cancer A549 and H1650 cells were treated with cisplatin to obtain multidrug-resistant A549/DDP and H1650/ DDP cells. A549/DDP and H1650/ DDP cells were treated with nedaplatin, MVIH siRNA and siRNA NC. It was found that both MVIH siRNA and nedaplatin significantly reduce the mRNA expression of MVIH in A549/DDP and H1650/ DDP cells. MTT assay showed that the proliferation of MDR cells was significantly higher than that of other cells. Nedaplatin and MVIH siRNA significantly inhibit the proliferation of A549 and H1650 cells. The results of colony formation assay were consistence with MTT results. Nedaplatin and MVIH siRNA significantly reduced colony formation in MDR cells. Flow cytometry showed that NDP and MVIH siRNA significantly decrease the proportion of cells in G0/G1 and increase the proportion of cells in S phase compared with untreated and MDR cells. The apoptotic rate of MDR cells was significantly lower than that of other cells, while the apoptosis rate of cells in NDP and MVIH siRNA group was significantly higher than that of the other three groups of cells. Wound healing assay and Transwell chamber experiments confirmed that both NDP and MVIH siRNA significantly reduced the migration and invasion abilities of MDR cells. The expression of E-cadherin in MDR cells was significantly lower than that in untreated cells, and the expression of N-cad, α-SMA and Vimentin significantly increased in the MDR cells. NPD and MVIH siRNA reverse the EMT process. In conclusion, LncRNA MVIH is upregulated in drug resistant NSCLC cells. Nedaplatin can reduce the expression of MVIH and reverse EMT process, thus reversing the drug resistance of cisplatin in non-small cell lung cancer cells.

20.
Transl Cancer Res ; 9(10): 6383-6391, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35117246

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify potential genes and transcription factors involved in postradiation cognitive dysfunction using bioinformatics analysis. METHODS: Bioinformatics tools were used to identify differentially expressed mRNAs between postradiation cognitive dysfunctional and control tissue. The GSE115735 dataset containing mRNA expression profiles was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. The mRNA expression data corresponded to three hippocampus and three brain lateral ventricles from postradiation cognitive dysfunctional mice and controls. The differentially expressed mRNAs between the two groups were identified, and protein-protein interaction network was constructed. This was followed by functional enrichment and pathway analysis with further prediction of transcription factors that targeted differentially expressed mRNAs. Network analysis was conducted between the differentially expressed mRNAs and these potential transcription factors. RESULTS: A total of 134 differentially expressed mRNAs were obtained, including 64 mRNAs in the hippocampus and 84 in the posterior lateral ventricles. Fourteen mRNAs were expressed differentially in both tissues. Furthermore, genes in the network were strongly enriched in neuroactive ligand-receptor interactions, regulation of calcium ion transport, mitotic spindle associated pathway, and TGF-beta signaling pathways. Six transcription factors associated with the regulation of target genes were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the genes identified were involved in transcriptional regulation, including TFAP4, RUNX1, and CUX2, which may play important roles in the development of postradiation cognitive dysfunction.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...