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1.
J Clin Oncol ; : JCO1901960, 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32167864

RESUMO

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A post hoc analysis of all pathologic reports from patients with stage III CC included in the IDEA France phase III study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00958737) investigating the duration of adjuvant fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin or capecitabine and oxaliplatin therapy (3 v 6 months) was performed. The primary objective was to determine the prognostic impact of TD on disease-free survival (DFS). The effect of the addition of TD to LNM count on pN restaging was also evaluated. A multivariable analysis was performed to establish the association between TD and DFS. RESULTS: Of 1,942 patients, 184 (9.5%) had TDs. The pN1a/b and pN1c populations showed similar DFS. TD-positive patients had worse prognosis compared with TD-negative patients, with 3-year DFS rates of 65.6% (95% CI, 58.0% to 72.1%) and 74.7% (95% CI, 72.6% to 76.7%; P = .0079), respectively. On multivariable analysis, TDs were associated with a higher risk of recurrence or death (hazard ratio [HR], 1.36; P = .0201). Other adverse factors included pT4 and/or pN2 disease (HR, 2.21; P < .001), the 3 months of adjuvant treatment (HR, 1.29; P = .0029), tumor obstruction (HR, 1.28; P = .0233), and male sex (HR, 1.24; P = .0151). Patients restaged as having pN2 disease (n = 35, 2.3%) had similar DFS as patients initially classified as pN2. CONCLUSION: The presence of TDs is an independent prognostic factor for DFS in patients with stage III CC. The addition of TD to LNM may help to better define the duration of adjuvant therapy.

3.
Bull Cancer ; 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057467

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Perioperative chemotherapy is the standard strategy for localized gastric cancers. Nevertheless, this strategy seems to be inefficient, if not deleterious, for patients with tumors harboring microsatellite instability (MSI) and/or mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR), a tumor phenotype predictive for the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICKi). AIM: The GERCOR NEONIPIGA single-arm phase II study (NCT04006262; EUDRACT 2018-004712-22) aims at evaluating the efficacy of a peri-operative strategy with nivolumab and ipilimumab in neoadjuvant setting, then nivolumab alone after surgery for patients with resectable MSI/dMMR gastric cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Main inclusion criteria are: gastric and oesogastric junction adenocarcinoma (GOA), T2-T4, all N stage and M0, MSI/dMMR. Patients will be treated with nivolumab 240mg Q2W, 6 infusions, and ipilimumab 1mg/kg Q6W, 2 infusions in neoadjuvant setting. Following surgery, patients with TRG 1-2-3 (Mandard tumor regression grade), acceptable tolerance of neoadjuvant treatment and postoperative ECOG performance status 0-1, will be treated with adjuvant nivolumab 480mg Q4W, 9 infusions. RESULTS: The primary endpoint is pathological complete response rate (pCR-R). Based on a Fleming design, with α=5% and ß=20%, 27 patients have to be evaluated (H0=5%; H1=20%). Secondary endpoints include disease-free survival, overall survival and safety. CONCLUSION: This study is planned to include 32 patients to evaluate the pCR-R with the combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab in neoadjuvant setting for MSI/dMMR localized GOA. The MSI/MMR status should be systematically assessed on diagnostic biopsies of all GOA. If it meets its primary endpoint, the GERCOR NEONIPIGA study might mark a turning point in the management of localized MSI/dMMR GOA patients.

4.
Dig Liver Dis ; 52(3): 347-350, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31899122

RESUMO

Half of patients newly diagnosed with esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) have metastatic disease (mESCC) and therefore a poor prognosis. Furthermore, half of patients with initial loco-regional disease present disease recurrence after surgery and/or chemoradiation. In mESCC, the recommended first-line treatment combines 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin, although this has not been validated by a phase III trial. Patients with disease progression or recurrence after platinum-based chemotherapy and good performance status probably benefit from second-line chemotherapy. Several molecules have been evaluated in phase I/II trials or retrospective studies (docetaxel, paclitaxel and irinotecan) but no randomised studies are available. OESIRI is a multicentre, randomised, open-label phase II trial designed to evaluate efficacy and safety of liposomal irinotecan (nal-IRI) plus 5-FU versus paclitaxel as second-line therapy in patients with mESCC. The main inclusion criteria are histologically proven mESCC in progression after first-line platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients with initial resectable disease can be included if recurrence occurred within 6 months. The primary objective is to evaluate the percentage of patients alive 9 months after randomisation. Secondary endpoints are progression-free survival, overall survival, response rate, safety and quality of life. In addition, circulating tumour DNA will be monitored to assess its prognostic value.

5.
Eur J Cancer ; 124: 91-101, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760314

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This Phase IIb (NCT02195180) open-label study evaluated erythrocyte-encapsulated asparaginase (eryaspase) in combination with chemotherapy in second-line advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma. METHODS: Eligible patients were randomized 2:1 to either eryaspase in combination with gemcitabine or mFOLFOX6 (eryaspase arm), or to gemcitabine or mFOLFOX6 alone (control arm). Co-primary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with low asparagine synthetase (ASNS) expression. Secondary endpoints included OS and PFS in the entire population. RESULTS: 141 patients were randomized (eryaspase arm, n = 95; control arm, n = 46). Median OS and PFS in patients with low ASNS expression were 6.2 months (95% CI, 5.1-8.8) in the eryaspase arm versus 4.9 months (3.1-7.1) in the control arm (HR, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.39-1.01; P = 0.056) and 2.0 months (95% CI, 1.8-3.4) in the eryaspase arm versus 1.8 months (1.4-3.8) in the control arm (HR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.40-1.12; P = 0.127), respectively. In the entire population, median OS and PFS for the eryaspase arm versus control were 6.0 months versus 4.4 months (HR, 0.60; P = 0.008) and 2.0 months versus 1.6 months (HR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.37-0.84; P = 0.005), respectively. The combination of eryaspase and chemotherapy was well tolerated. The most frequent Grade 3/4 adverse events in the eryaspase arm (n = 93) were gamma-glutamyltransferase increase (16 [17.2%]), neutropenia (12 [12.9%]), and physical health deterioration (12 [12.9%]). CONCLUSION: Eryaspase in combination with chemotherapy is associated with improvements in OS and PFS, irrespective of ASNS expression in second-line advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma. A Phase III trial is underway.

6.
Cancer Imaging ; 19(1): 85, 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the objective response rate (ORR) at 2 months of treatment with regorafenib according to RECIST 1.1, Choi, and modified Choi (mChoi) criteria in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). METHODS: Baseline and 2-month contrast-enhanced computed-tomography (CECT) scans of 55 patients with mCRC, prospectively enrolled in phase II TEXCAN trial, were centrally assessed. The primary endpoint was 2-month ORR by RECIST 1.1, Choi, and mChoi criteria. Final outcome was overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Of 55 patients included in this study (Intention-to-treat [ITT1] population), 35 had CECT at 2 months (ITT2 population). According to RECIST 1.1 criteria, 20 (57%) patients were SD and 15 were PD (43%) in the ITT2 population. According to Choi criteria, 18 (51%) patients were responders and 17 (48%) were non-responders. Median OS was 5.3 months (95% CI 3.7-8.6) in the ITT1 population and 8.9 months (95% CI 5.1-12.6) in the ITT2 population. In the ITT2 population, median OS was 16 months (95% CI 6.6-17.5) in SD patients (n = 20) and 4.6 months (95% CI 3.3-5.8) in PD patients (n = 15), according to RECIST 1.1 criteria (HR = 6.48). Median OS was 7.9 months (95% CI 4.2-17.5) in responders (n = 18) and 9.9 months (95% CI 3.7-NA) in non-responders (n = 17) according to Choi criteria (HR = 1.06). All patients except one were classified as non-responders with mChoi criteria. CONCLUSION: At 2 months, unlike RECIST 1.1, Choi and mChoi criteria could not identify mCRC patients with regorafenib survival benefit. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02699073.Registered March 4, 2016, Retrospectively registered.

7.
Cell Oncol (Dordr) ; 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823290

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between expression of insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF1R) and its ligand, IGF-II, and disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with stage III colon cancer (CC). METHODS: In this retrospective study we included consecutive patients who underwent curative surgery for stage III CC. IGF1R and IGF-II/IGF2 status were evaluated in tumour samples by immunohistochemistry and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Associations of markers with DFS were analysed using Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: Hundred and fifty-one CC patients were included (median age, 66.6 years; female, 54.3%). Low levels of IGF1R and IGF-II protein expression were observed in 16.1% and 10.7% of the cases, respectively. No significant differences in clinicopathological characteristics between patients with tumours expressing low IGF1R or IGF-II protein levels and those with high levels were observed. A low IGF1R protein expression was found to be significantly associated with a shorter DFS (HR 3.32; 95% CI, 1.7-6.31; p = 0.0003), while no association was observed between IGF-II protein expression and DFS (HR 0.91; 95% CI, 0.28-2.96; p = 0.87). In a multivariate analysis, IGF1R protein status remained an independent prognostic factor for DFS (HR 2.73; 95% CI, 1.40-5.31; p = 0.003). Furthermore, we found that neither IGF1R nor IGF2 mRNA expression levels as measured by qRT-PCR correlated with the respective protein expression levels as assessed by immunohistochemistry. Neither of the mRNA expression levels was significantly associated with DFS. CONCLUSIONS: From our data we conclude that low IGF1R protein expression represents a poor prognostic biomarker in stage III colon cancer.

8.
Surg Endosc ; 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586246

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver is a common metastatic site not only of colorectal but of non-colorectal neoplasms, as well. However, resection of non-colorectal liver metastases (NCRLMs) remains controversial. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the short- and long-term outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) for NCRLMs. METHODS: From a prospectively maintained database between 2000 and 2018, patients undergoing LLR for colorectal liver metastases (CRLMs) and NCRLMs were selected. Clinicopathologic, operative, short- and long-term outcome data were collected, analyzed, and compared among patients with CRLMs and NCRLMs. RESULTS: The primary tumor was colorectal in 354 (82.1%), neuroendocrine in 21 (4.9%), and non-colorectal, non-neuroendocrine in the remaining 56 (13%) patients. Major postoperative morbidities were 12.7%, 19%, and 3.6%, respectively (p = 0.001), whereas the mortality was 0.6% for patients with CRLMs and zero for patients with NCRLMs. The rate of R1 surgical margin was comparable (p = 0.432) among groups. According to the survival analysis, 3- and 5-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates were 76.1% and 64.3% in the CRLM group, 57.1% and 42.3% in the neuroendocrine liver metastase (NELM) group, 33% and 20.8% in the non-colorectal, non-neuroendocrine liver metastase (NCRNNELM) group (p = 0.001), respectively. Three- and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 88.3% and 82.7% in the CRLM group, 85.7% and 70.6% in the NELM group, 71.4% and 52.9% in the NCRNNELM group (p = 0.001), respectively. In total, 113 out of 354 (31.9%) patients with CRLMs, 2 out of 21(9.5%) with NELMs, and 8 out of 56 (14.3%) patients with NCRNNELMs underwent repeat LLR for recurrent metastatic tumors. CONCLUSION: LLR is safe and feasible in the context of a multimodal management where an aggressive surgical approach, necessitating even complex procedures for bilobar multifocal metastases and repeat hepatectomy for recurrences, is the mainstay and may be of benefit in the long-term survival, in selected patients with NCRNNELMs.

9.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(13): 4576-4586, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parenchymal-sparing hepatectomy (PSH) is regarded as the standard of care for colorectal liver metastases (CRLMs) in open surgery. However, the surgical and oncological benefits of laparoscopic PSH compared with laparoscopic major hepatectomy (MH) have not been fully documented. METHODS: A total of 269 patients who underwent initial laparoscopic liver resections with curative intent for CRLMs between 2004 and 2017 were enrolled. Preoperative patient characteristics and tumor burden were adjusted with propensity score matching, and laparoscopic PSH was compared with laparoscopic MH after matching. RESULTS: PSH was performed in 148 patients, while MH was performed in 121 patients. After propensity score matching, 82 PSH and 82 MH patients showed similar preoperative characteristics. PSH was associated with lower rates of major postoperative complications compared with MH (6.1 vs. 15.9%; p = 0.046). Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and liver-specific RFS rates were comparable between both groups (p = 0.595 and 0.683). Repeat hepatectomy for liver recurrence was more frequently performed in the PSH group (63.9 vs. 36.4%; p = 0.022), and the PSH group also showed a trend toward a higher overall survival (OS) rate (5-year OS 79.4 vs. 64.3%; p = 0.067). Multivariate analyses revealed that initial MH was one of the risk factors to preclude repeat hepatectomy after liver recurrence (hazard ratio 2.39, p = 0.047). CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic PSH provided surgical and oncological benefits for CRLMs, with less complications, similar recurrence rates, and increased salvageability through repeat hepatectomy, compared with laparoscopic MH. PSH should be the standard approach, even in laparoscopic procedures.

11.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 28(7): 1153-1161, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31263053

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We explored and validated the association of postoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) with disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in stage III colon cancer. METHODS: Patients with stage III colon cancer from the MOSAIC and PETACC-8 trials were enrolled. The relation between CEA and outcomes was continuously modeled with the restricted cubic splines (RCS) method. Association of CEA with outcomes was assessed by the Kaplan-Meier method, with two risk groups among patients with a CEA level ≤5 ng/mL. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were constructed. RESULTS: The CEA level was available in 1,292 (96%) and 2,477 (97%) patients in the discovery and validation cohorts. The RCS analysis confirmed that patients with a CEA level >5 ng/mL were at highest risk of recurrence or death and those with a CEA level ≤5 ng/mL presented a heterogeneous risk population. In the discovery cohort, the 3-year DFS rate was 75%, 65%, and 45% in a group of patients with CEA level of 0-1.30 ng/mL (n = 630), 1.30-5 ng/mL (n = 613), and >5 ng/mL (n = 49), respectively (P < 0.001). CEA was independently associated with endpoints. All findings were confirmed in the validation cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative CEA level was highly and independently associated with DFS and OS, especially in patients with a CEA level of ≤5 ng/mL, suggesting that this cutoff is not optimal. IMPACT: CEA levels should be applied more accurately in future trials and clinical practice.

12.
Dig Liver Dis ; 51(10): 1357-1363, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31320305

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This document is a summary of the French intergroup guidelines regarding the management of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) published in January 2019, and available on the French Society of Gastroenterology website (SNFGE) (www.tncd.org). METHODS: This collaborative work was realized by all French medical and surgical societies involved in the management of mCRC. Recommendations are graded in three categories (A, B and C), according to the level of evidence found in the literature, up until December 2018. RESULTS: The management of metastatic colorectal cancer has become complex because of increasing available medical, radiological and surgical treatments alone or in combination. The therapeutic strategy should be defined before the first-line treatment, mostly depending on the presentation of the disease (resectability of the metastases, symptomatic and/or threatening disease), of the patient's condition (ECOG PS, comorbidities), and tumor biology (RAS, BRAF, MSI). The sequence of targeted therapies also seems to have an impact on the outcome (angiogenesis inhibition beyond progression). Surgical resection of metastases was the only curative intent treatment to date, joined recently by percutaneous tumor ablation tools (radiofrequency, microwave). Localized therapies such as hepatic intra-arterial infusion, radioembolization and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy, also have seen their indications specified (liver-dominant disease and resectable peritoneal carcinomatosis). New treatments have been developed in heavily pretreated patients, increasing overall survival and preserving quality of life (regorafenib and trifluridine/tipiracil). Finally, immune checkpoint inhibitors have demonstrated high efficacy in MSI mCRC. CONCLUSION: French guidelines for mCRC management are put together to help offer the best personalized therapeutic strategy in daily clinical practice, as the mCRC therapeutic landscape is complexifying. These recommendations are permanently being reviewed and updated. Each individual case must be discussed within a multidisciplinary team (MDT).

13.
Cancer Med ; 8(11): 5079-5088, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The phase II AFUGEM GERCOR trial aimed to assess the efficacy of a first-line therapy combining nab-paclitaxel plus either gemcitabine (gemcitabine group) or simplified leucovorin and fluorouracil (sLV5FU2 group) in patients with previously untreated metastatic pancreatic cancer. Results of progression-free survival at 4 months (primary endpoint) were in favor of the sLV5FU2 group. This paper presents health-related quality of life (HRQoL) data as a secondary endpoint. METHODS: HRQoL was assessed using the EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire at baseline and at each chemotherapy cycle until the end of treatment. The HRQoL deterioration-free survival (QFS) was used as a modality of longitudinal analysis. QFS was defined as the time between randomization and the first definitive HRQoL score deterioration as compared to the baseline score, or death. Sensitivity analysis was performed excluding death as an event. Univariate Cox models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 90% confidence intervals (CIs) of the treatment effect. RESULTS: Between 2013 and 2014, 114 patients were randomized in a 1:2 ratio (39 in the gemcitabine group and 75 in the sLV5FU2 group). Patients in the sLV5FU2 group seemed to present longer QFS than those of the gemcitabine group for 14 out of 15 dimensions, with HRs < 1. Results of the sensitivity analysis excluding death as an event were significantly in favor of the sLV5FU2 group for physical functioning (HR = 0.51 [90% CI 0.27-0.97]) and pain (HR = 0.26 [90% CI 0.09-0.74]). CONCLUSION: The nab-paclitaxel plus simplified leucovorin and fluorouracil combination had no negative impact in exploratory HRQoL analyses.

14.
Bull Cancer ; 106(5): 407-420, 2019 May.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987751

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The demographics of oncology residents has changed since 2010 with the increase in the size of promotions. The evolution of the residents' aspirations towards research and their future exercise in parallel with these demographic changes has not been assessed. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed by a working group from GERCOR (cooperative group in oncology), involving clinicians, researchers, GERCOR members, and residents. It consisted of 62 questions divided into 7 sections: demographics, medical thesis, post-residency, mobility, publication activity, basic research, and clinical/translational research. The national survey was published online by the Association d'enseignement et de recherche des internes en oncologie (AERIO). RESULTS: In total, 143 residents participated, of which 116 (81.1%) completed the questionnaire entirely. The population was representative of the current demographics, with a majority of women (65.0%), a median age of 28 years, and 39.7% of residents from Paris region. The unsupervised analysis revealed four profiles of residents, including one group strongly committed to research (16.8%), one group with moderate involvement (41.3%) and one group that did not seem interested in research (14.7%). Uncertainty about future position and lack of time and interaction with researchers appeared to be the main barriers to involvement of residents in research. DISCUSSION: This national survey provided useful information about the residents' perspective to academic research. It may serve as a basis for proposing measures adapted to their expectations.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Internato e Residência , Oncologia/educação , França , Autorrelato
15.
Cancers (Basel) ; 11(3)2019 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30901876

RESUMO

This study was designed to monitor circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) levels during perioperative chemotherapy in patients with non-metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma. Plasma samples were prospectively collected in patients undergoing perioperative chemotherapy for non-metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma (excluding T1N0) prior to the initiation of perioperative chemotherapy, before and after surgery (NCT02220556). In each patient, mutations retrieved by targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) on tumor samples were then tracked in circulating cell-free DNA from 4 mL of plasma by droplet digital PCR. Thirty-two patients with a diagnosis of non-metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma were included. A trackable mutation was identified in the tumor in 20 patients, seven of whom experienced relapse during follow-up. ctDNA was detectable in four patients (N = 4/19, sensitivity: 21%; 95% confidence interval CI = 8.5⁻43%, no baseline plasma sample was available for one patient), with a median allelic frequency (MAF) of 1.6% (range: 0.8⁻2.3%). No patient with available plasma samples (N = 0/18) had detectable ctDNA levels before surgery. After surgery, one of the 13 patients with available plasma samples had a detectable ctDNA level with a low allelic frequency (0.7%); this patient experienced a very short-term distant relapse only 3 months after surgery. No ctDNA was detected after surgery in the other four patients with available plasma samples who experienced a later relapse (median = 14.4, range: 9.3⁻26 months). ctDNA monitoring during preoperative chemotherapy and after surgery does not appear to be a useful tool in clinical practice for non-metastatic gastric cancer to predict the efficacy of chemotherapy and subsequent relapse, essentially due to the poor sensitivity of ctDNA detection.

16.
Int J Oncol ; 54(4): 1433-1445, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30720091

RESUMO

Aflibercept in combination with 5­fluorouracil (5­FU)/irinotecan improves overall survival in the second­line therapy of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). In this study, we evaluated the effects of aflibercept in first­line therapy with FOLFOX followed by maintenance with fluoropyrimidine. VELVET was a prospective, single­arm multicenter phase II study (completed). Patients with previously untreated, unresectable, evaluable or measurable mCRC, with an age ≥18 years, and an ECOG performance status of 0­2 received 6 cycles of modified FOLFOX7 (5­FU/folinic acid and oxaliplatin) with aflibercept at 4 mg/kg every 2 weeks followed by maintenance therapy with fluoropyrimidine with aflibercept until disease progression or limiting toxicity. The reintroduction of oxaliplatin was performed at first progression. The primary endpoint was progression­free survival (PFS) at 6 months. From May, 2013 to May, 2014, 49 patients were included and 48 were evaluable for response. In total, 33 patients (67.4%) were alive without progression at 6 months. The Kaplan­Meier survival 6­month and 1­year PFS rates were 79.1 and 36.1%, respectively, and the median PFS was 9.3 months (95% CI, 8.3­12.5). The objective response rate was 59.2% (N=29/49). The most common (≥10%) grade 3­4 adverse events were hypertension (23%), fatigue (15%), neutropenia (12%), neuropathy (12%) and stomatitis (10%). Three (6%) treatment­related deaths occurred: One from stroke, one from pulmonary embolism and one from neutropenic sepsis. On the whole, this study demonstrates the efficacy of aflibercept in combination with an oxaliplatin­based regimen in the first­line therapy of patients with mCRC. A strict monitoring of blood pressure and immediate management of hypertension during therapy is mandatory.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/administração & dosagem , Administração Intravenosa , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Leucovorina/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Compostos Organoplatínicos/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/efeitos adversos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(8): 658-667, 2019 03 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30707660

RESUMO

PURPOSE: No standard adjuvant treatment currently is recommended in localized biliary tract cancer (BTC) after surgical resection. We aimed to assess whether gemcitabine and oxaliplatin chemotherapy (GEMOX) would increase relapse-free survival (RFS) while maintaining health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients who undergo resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a multicenter, open-label, randomized phase III trial in 33 centers. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) within 3 months after R0 or R1 resection of a localized BTC to receive either GEMOX (gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m2 on day 1 and oxaliplatin 85 mg/m2 infused on day 2 of a 2-week cycle) for 12 cycles (experimental arm A) or surveillance (standard arm B). Primary end points were RFS and HRQOL. RESULTS: Between July 2009 and February 2014, 196 patients were included. Baseline characteristics were balanced between the two arms. After a median follow-up of 46.5 months (95% CI, 42.6 to 49.3 months), 126 RFS events and 82 deaths were recorded. There was no significant difference in RFS between the two arms (median, 30.4 months in arm A v 18.5 months in arm B; hazard ratio [HR], 0.88; 95% CI, 0.62 to 1.25; P = .48). There was no difference in time to definitive deterioration of global HRQOL (median, 31.8 months in arm A v 32.1 months in arm B; HR, 1.28; 95% CI, 0.73 to 2.26; log-rank P = .39). Overall survival was not different (median, 75.8 months in arm A v 50.8 months in arm B; HR, 1.08; 95% CI, 0.70 to 1.66; log-rank P = .74). Maximal adverse events were grade 3 in 62% (arm A) versus 18% (arm B) and grade 4 in 11% versus 3% ( P < .001). CONCLUSION: There was no benefit of adjuvant GEMOX in resected BTC despite adequate tolerance and delivery of the regimen.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Conduta Expectante , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar/mortalidade , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , França , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxaliplatina/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Surg Endosc ; 33(11): 3704-3710, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30671669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatectomy remains the only curative option in patients presenting with colorectal liver metastases (CLM). Although laparoscopic approach has improved postoperative morbidity and mortality rates, its suitability for patients of all age groups has yet to be confirmed. The aim of this study was to analyze postoperative outcomes following laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) in different age groups of patients presenting with CLM. METHODS: All patients who underwent LLR for CLM from 2008 to 2017 were reviewed. Patients were divided into four age groups: < 55, 55-65 years, 65-75 and > 75 years. Baseline and intraoperative characteristics as well as postoperative morbidity and mortality were compared between all four groups. RESULTS: Overall, 335 patients were included with 34 (10%), 113 (34%), 136 (41%) and 52 (15%) in < 55, 55-65, 65-75 and > 75 years subgroups. Baseline characteristics were similar between all four groups except for elevated pressure, dyslipidemia and ASA score which were higher in older patients. Regarding surgical procedures, major hepatectomy, uni- or bisegmentectomy and wedge resection were performed in 122 (36%), 87 (26%) and 126 (38%) patients, respectively, with no significant differences between age groups. Overall, 90-day postoperative mortality rate was nil and postoperative morbidity was similar between all four groups except for biliary fistula occurrence, which was higher in < 55 years patients (p = 0.006). CONCLUSION: Short-term postoperative outcome following LLR for CLM does not seem to be affected by age. Curative laparoscopic treatment should therefore be considered whenever possible, regardless of patient age.

19.
BJU Int ; 123(2): 300-306, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30099821

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of switching from prednisone (P) to dexamethasone (D) at asymptomatic prostate-specific antigen (PSA) progression in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) treated with abiraterone acetate (AA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 93 patients treated with AA between January 2013 and April 2016 in our institution, 48 consecutive asymptomatic patients with mCRPC, who experienced biochemical progression on treatment with AA+P 10 mg/day, were included. A corticosteroid switch to AA+D 0.5 mg/day at PSA increase was administered until radiological and/or clinical progression. The primary endpoint was progression-free-survival (PFS). A prognostic score based on independent prognostic factors was defined. RESULTS: The median time to PSA progression on AA+P was 8.94 months. The median PFS on AA+D and AA+corticosteroids (P then D) was 10.35 and 20.07 months, respectively. A total of 56.25% of patients showed a decrease or stabilization in PSA levels after the switch. In univariate analysis, three markers of switch efficiency were significantly associated with a longer PFS: long hormone-sensitivity duration (≥5 years; median PFS 16.62 vs 4.17 months, hazard ratio [HR] 0.30, 90% confidence interval [CI] 0.16-0.56); low PSA level at the time of switch (<50 ng/mL; median PFS 15.21 vs 3.86 months, HR 0.33, 90% CI 0.18-0.60); and short time to PSA progression on AA+P (<6 months; median PFS 28.02 vs 6.65 months, HR 0.41 (90% CI 0.21-0.81). In multivariate analysis, hormone sensitivity duration and PSA level were independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: A steroid switch from P to D appears to be a safe and non-expensive way of obtaining long-term responses to AA in selected patients with mCRPC. A longer PFS has been observed in patients with previous long hormone sensitivity duration, and/or low PSA level and/or short time to PSA progression on AA+P.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/sangue , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Androstenos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Doenças Assintomáticas , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Progressão da Doença , Substituição de Medicamentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Surg Endosc ; 32(12): 4788-4797, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29761279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The major issue after liver resection for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) is the high incidence of recurrence. Unlike open liver resection (OLR), recurrence following laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) is not well documented. The aim of this study was to analyze recurrence patterns and treatment following LLR for CRLM. STUDY DESIGN: All patients who underwent LLR for CRLM from 2000 to 2016 were reviewed. Patients who presented with recurrence were compared to those who did not. Recurrence-free survival (RFS), overall survival (OS), and risk of recurrence and survival prognostic factors were analyzed. RESULTS: Overall, 273 patients were included, of which 157 (57.5%) were treated for one liver metastasis (LM). Median follow-up was 41 (12-187) months and associated extrahepatic disease was present in 27% of patients (mainly pulmonary, 65%). After a median of 16 (3-151) months, 197 (72%) patients presented with recurrence. Recurrences were early (< 6 months) in 22.8% of cases, occured in a single site in 66% and were intrahepatic, extrahepatic, or both in 44, 30, and 26%, respectively. Recurrences were treated with surgery or chemotherapy only in 45 and 47%, respectively. 3-, 5-, and 10-year OS was 82, 71, and 43%, respectively. Independent risk factors for recurrence were node-positive primary tumor, extrahepatic disease before hepatectomy, and R1 resection. CONCLUSION: LLR for CRLM does not seem to be associated with distinctive recurrence patterns. LLR for CRLM yielded satisfying RFS and OS and should therefore be considered whenever possible.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Hepatectomia , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Idoso , Feminino , França , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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