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Pain Med ; 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904839


OBJECTIVE: To examine opioid prescribing frequency and trends to Medicare Part D enrollees from 2013 to 2017 by medical specialty and provider type. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional, specialty- and provider-level analysis of Medicare Part D prescriber data for opioid claims from 2013 to 2017. We analyzed opioid claims and prescribing trends for specialties accounting for ≥1% of all opioid claims. RESULTS: From 2013 to 2017, pain management providers increased Medicare Part D opioid claims by 27.3% to 1,140 mean claims per provider in 2017; physical medicine and rehabilitation providers increased opioid claims 16.9% to 511 mean claims per provider in 2017. Every other medical specialty decreased opioid claims over this period, with emergency medicine (-19.9%) and orthopedic surgery (-16.0%) dropping opioid claims more than any specialty. Physicians overall decreased opioid claims per provider by -5.2%. Meanwhile, opioid claims among both dentists (+5.6%) and nonphysician providers (+10.2%) increased during this period. CONCLUSIONS: From 2013 to 2017, pain management and PMR increased opioid claims to Medicare Part D enrollees, whereas physicians in every other specialty decreased opioid prescribing. Dentists and nonphysician providers also increased opioid prescribing. Overall, opioid claims to Medicare Part D enrollees decreased and continue to drop at faster rates.

A A Pract ; 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265443


Twitter has become a powerful tool for dissemination of information. The objective of this study was to evaluate Twitter usage of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) and the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA). All tweets from ASA ("@ASALifeline") and AANA ("@aanawebupdates") were collected over a 1-year time period. The content of each tweet was categorized using a rubric. ASA generated more original tweets than AANA. Twitter use was highest in October for ASA and September for AANA. Both societies are actively using Twitter. Future work should evaluate the impact of societal Twitter use.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand ; 98(11): 1386-1397, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31070780


Normal pregnancy leads to a state of chronically increased intra-abdominal pressure. Obstetric and non-obstetric conditions may increase intra-abdominal pressure further, causing intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome, which leads to maternal organ dysfunction and a compromised fetal state. Limited medical literature exists to guide treatment of pregnant women with these conditions. In this state-of-the-art review, we propose a diagnostic and treatment algorithm for the management of peripartum intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome, informed by newly available studies.

Lancet ; 393(10179): 1412-1413, 2019 04 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30967208
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 86(1): 128-133, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30371625


BACKGROUND: The deadliest mass shooting in modern United States history occurred on October 1, 2017, in Las Vegas, killing 58 and overwhelming hospitals with more than 600 injured. The scope of the tragedy offers insight into medical demands, which may help guide preparedness for future mass shooting incidents. METHODS: Retrospective, deidentified, health care institution-provided data from all hospitals and blood banks providing care to Las Vegas shooting victims were gathered. Study authors independently reviewed all data and cross-referenced it for verification. Main outcomes and measures include the number of victims requiring hospital and intensive care admission, the amount and types of blood components transfused during the first 24 hours, and the amount of blood donated to local blood banks following the Las Vegas mass shooting. RESULTS: Two hundred twenty patients required hospital admission, 68 of them to critical care. Nearly 500 blood components were transfused during the first 24 hours in a red blood cell-to-plasma-to-platelet ratio of 1:0.54:0.81. Public citizens donated almost 800 units of blood immediately after the shooting; greater than 17% of this donated blood went unused. CONCLUSIONS: The amount of blood components transfused per patient admitted was similar in magnitude to other mass casualty events, and available blood supply met patient demand. The public call for blood donors was not necessary to meet immediate demand and led to resource waste. Preparation for future mass shooting incidents should include training the community in hemorrhage control, encouraging routine blood donation, and avoiding public calls for blood donation unless approved by local blood suppliers. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic study, level V.

Obstet Gynecol ; 132(6): 1494-1497, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30399095


BACKGROUND: Intrauterine balloon tamponade is recommended for refractory postpartum hemorrhage resulting from atony, but few studies have assessed complications associated with placement. CASE: A 39-year-old woman, gravida 4 para 1, with posterior placenta previa and suspected placenta accreta had a postpartum hemorrhage after a scheduled cesarean delivery. An intrauterine balloon tamponade device was easily placed transcervically; however, the patient required additional analgesia for constant severe stabbing pain worsened on examination. Three hours after placement, the balloon was expelled from the cervix, resulting in 1,500 mL of fresh blood and clot. Emergent exploratory laparotomy identified a uterine rupture inferior and lateral to the hysterotomy site. CONCLUSION: Intrauterine balloon tamponade may contribute to iatrogenic uterine rupture and should be considered in patients with refractory hemorrhage, hemodynamic instability, or severe pain despite analgesia.

Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/terapia , Tamponamento com Balão Uterino/efeitos adversos , Ruptura Uterina/etiologia , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Histerotomia/efeitos adversos
Obstet Gynecol ; 132(2): 423-427, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29995745


Damage-control surgery (abdominopelvic packing followed by a period of medical stabilization in the intensive care unit) is a life-saving intervention usually reserved for critically injured patients who may not survive an attempt to achieve hemostasis and complete repair of the damage in the operating room. Most obstetricians have little or no experience in this area, although the use of damage-control surgery in selected cases may be life-saving. This approach should be considered when arterial bleeding has been controlled and persistent bleeding is deemed to be secondary to coagulopathy that is refractory to blood product replacement, particularly in the presence of hypothermia, acidosis, and vasopressor requirement. A prototypical (albeit hypothetical) case is described here in which damage-control surgery is indicated.

Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Hemostasia Cirúrgica/métodos , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/cirurgia , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Gravidez